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  • Vedin, Oskar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics, Applied Mathematics and Statistics.
    Sakförsäkring och approximation av totalt skadebelopp2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Berglind, Tor
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology.
    Gjöthlén, Karolin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology.
    Larsson, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology.
    Sandbom, Simon
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology.
    MoneyManager: En mobilapplikation för att öka medvetenhet om privatekonomi2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to a number of reports conducted by various authorities and corporations we have concluded that a great number of swedes have difficulties saving money, especially students. One aspect is that the difficulty to save is due to the fact that these persons do not have an overview of their finances. We have therefore created an application with the purpose to help students keep track of their expenses. Through visualisation of data representing the users history of expenses, we hope to provide a better overall picture of how their money is used. This in order to increase the users awareness of these expenses. This infers a categorization of which ones that are unnecessary and can be ruled out and which are necessary and can not be ruled out, a categorization the user may do hirself. The application has been tested and evaluated by a test group of 8 people where everyone believes, to a certain extent, that MoneyManager has helped them gain a better insight into their own finances and what expenses they have. There are features that the majority of users are missing, especially an automatic entry of transactions. This is something we see as potential for an exciting future development of the application.

  • Christensen Voynova, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Att våga gå utanför sin komfortzon: Inlärardrag i rysktalande elevers texter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Alla språkinlärare, oavsett om de studerar ett nytt språk i det land där det talas (andraspråksinlärare) eller utom-lands (främmandespråksinlärare), har emellanåt problem att formulera sig och även göra sig förstådda på det nya inlärarsspråket, interimspråket, vilket utmärks av ett antal generella inlärardrag som tillfälliga lån, parafraser, generaliseringar, övergeneraliseringar, förenklingar och helfrasanvändning. Genom att analysera diverse elev-texter, skrivna av både andra- och främmandespråkselever, syftar denna uppsats till att kartlägga inlärardragens förekomst och frekvens samt utföra en jämförelseanalys mellan och inom grupperna andraspråkselever (SAS-elever) respektive främmandespråkselever (SFS-elever). Undersökningens textmaterial består av 16 texter i olika genrer och med varierande svårighetsgrad, skrivna av tretton rysktalande elever, som studerar svenska på SVA Grund (svenska som andraspråk, grundläggande kurs) i Sverige respektive har privatlektioner i svenska via Skype. Genom närläsning och analys av texterna har man kommit fram till att det finns samband mellan användningen av inlärardrag och elevernas utvecklingsnivå (språknivå) respektive uppgifternas komplexitetsgrad och inlärningsty-per (var och på vilket sätt man lär sig svenska). Resultaten visade att främmandespråkselever har större behov av inlärardrag i jämförelse med andraspråkselever och snarare tenderar att förlita sig mer på modersmålet än interim-språket. Undersökningen har även visat att förenkling, generalisering och övergeneralisering är de mest frekventa inlärardragen i de undersökta elevtexterna.

  • Caroline, Lundberg
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Theodora, Elias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Motivation: och dess inverkan på olika generationer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The interest for what motivates people in the workplace and how job

    satisfaction is created has long been an attractive area for researchers and writers.

    In today's society the relevance of taking care of the employees has grown and the

    importance of healthy employees who perform at a high level is of great importance.

    Research shows that today's managers have faced new organizational challenges, as

    workplaces are said to consist of employees derived from a larger number of generations

    than ever before. To study how different generations are motivated at work are therefore of

    interest. If differences exist organizations can use this knowledge to increase the

    motivational level of their employees.

    The purpose of this study is to investigate whether there are any differences in

    how individuals of different generations value occupational motivators to a different

    extent.

    The study is based on a survey conducted on three companies in three different

    industries. The generations included are Baby Boomers, Generation X and Generation Y.

    The age of the respondents who participated in the study is 18 to 71 years old.

    The results indicate that there are some differences in how the three generations

    value different motivators in the workplace.

  • Eriksson, Lina Elisabeth
    A Rising Female Empire?: Exploring the potential barriers women face in achieving leadership positions in the humanitarian sector2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research aims to explore how women and men view and perceive potential barriers to women achieving leadership positions in the humanitarian sector. Female leadership is so far an under-researched area within the humanitarian sector, so it is unknown whether females encounter any barriers in accessing and attaining leadership positions. Three categories were identified; identity, perception and challenges through which the views and barriers are explored. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with two organisations; Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and the European Commission for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (ECHO) to further understand the perceptions. The empirical findings are analysed through thematic analysis, against the theoretical foundation of the explanation of the underrepresentation of women in leadership positions and how gender impacts organisations. Findings indicate that both men and women perceive that there are a number of barriers that women face under each of the three identified categories. The majority of findings are visible under the perception category which explores the influence of the boy’s network and the cemented organizational cultures. Findings also indicate that gender and the potential barriers that women face are not openly talked about, nor perceived as important, as is the need for diversity in humanitarian settings. This thesis highlights the contradictions and ambiguity of how barriers are perceived amongst humanitarian practitioners and organisations.

  • Brämming, Emelie
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Nordin, Linda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Finding a Qualified Consultant: A Case Study of Purchasing Practices in the Swedish Public Sector2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the last decades, there has been an expansion in public sector purchasing from external, private actors. The public sector is currently buying goods and services for considerable amounts – and consultancy services are no exception. Consulting services are nevertheless often perceived as risky, and difficult to evaluate. The purchasing process has therefore traditionally been conducted through relationships, trust, and personal references. However, in the public sector, this approach is restricted. Public procurers need to follow strict rules and standardized guidelines within the Public Procurement Act. In this study, we have mapped out how purchasers in the Swedish public sector manage the regulation, while still striving to make sure a qualified consultant is hired for the project. Empirical data was collected from six Swedish contracting authorities. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with individuals involved at different stages of the purchasing process, providing a variety of views. The analysis of the material identified several procedures utilized by the individuals to facilitate the process. Findings indicate that preparation and precision is the key to succeed. This study has contributed to the understanding of how consultants are purchased in a public sector context.

  • Arabaci, Okan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Westerlind, Peder
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Tillit skapas då ingen tittar: en studie av förtroendet för Postnord2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats behandlar den i media omtalade postleverantören Postnord och huruvida detskett något skifte i kundernas förtroende på grund av just detta. Syftet är just att studera hur enpopulations förtroende för ett företag blir påverkad av negativa nyheter under en längretidsperiod. Detta görs genom att undersöka teori om vilka faktorer som ligger bakom ettkundförtroende och medias påverkan i olika kundattityder. Målgruppen för denna studie blirnaturligt sett bred då det är väldigt många som har kontakt med postleverantörer i sin vardag.För att nå denna målgrupp spreds en enkätundersökning på diverse olika sociala medier.Resultatet av enkätundersökningen analyserades genom att använda olika statistiska verktyg. Cronbach‟s alfa användes för att undersöka pålitligheten i våra variabler, vilka sedanreducerades med hjälp av en principalkomponentanalys (PCA). Därefter fortsatte analysen avdatan med hjälp av linjär regression där förtroende med sina egenskaper var den beroendevariabeln och media var den oberoende variabeln. Den kvalitativa datan analyseradesdessutom där de olika målgrupperna delades upp i olika grupper genom en helhetsanalys.Sammanfattningsvis visade det sig att signifikansen för sambanden mellan variablerna var lågoch respondenterna visade inte stora tendenser till att ha blivit negativt påverkade av media.En del av respondenterna påpekade att ämnet inte var av intresse för dem eller att de användeposttjänster för sällan för att bry sig, medan andra som har dåliga erfarenheter med Postnordhade starka åsikter om företagets tillförlitlighet. Till framtida undersökningar rekommenderasslutligen att lägga större vikt på att dividera målgrupperna baserat på geografiska skillnaderför att studera om denna i själva verket är den mest styrande variabeln.

  • Forsberg, Samuel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Hassan, Simon
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kändisreklam: En kvalitativ studie om kändisreklamens syfte, utformning och effekt ur ett konsumentperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har haft som syfte att undersöka fenomenet kändisreklam ur ett konsumentperspektiv. Målet har varit att ta reda på hur konsumenter ser på företags syfte med kändisreklam samt vilka kriterier som konsumenter anser ligger till grund för valet av kändis. Vidare har målet varit att ta reda på vilken koppling de upplever existerar mellan kändis och det varumärke eller produkt som är med i reklamen samt vilka effekter de upplever att kändisreklam har på dem.

    För att uppfylla detta syfte har tre fokusgrupper använts för att diskutera dessa frågeställningar utifrån tre utvalda reklamfilmer där kändisar har medverkat. De resultat som framkom ur fokusgrupperna har analyserats kvalitativt med utgångspunkt i studiens valda teoretiska begrepp och modeller. Det är dessa analyser som sedan legat till grund för de slutsatser som studien genererat.

    Studien har visat att konsumenter ser som huvudsyften med kändisreklam att företaget vill nå ut till en bredare målgrupp, differentiera sig från andra företag på marknaden samt bygga upp sitt varumärkeskapital. Konsumenter anser vidare att företag bör välja en kändis som är igenkänd och kan identifieras av målgruppen samt har hög trovärdighet. Denne ska löpa liten risk för att orsaka negativ publicitet, ha en relevant koppling till företagets image eller produkt, i förekommande fall ha ett tilltalande utseende samt rymmas inom företagets budget för reklamen. Vidare har studien visat att konsumenter anser att kändisen kan kopplas samman med reklamens innehåll på tre olika sätt. Antingen är kopplingen mellan kändis och varumärke, kändis och produkt eller kändis och delvis varumärke samt delvis produkt. Slutligen är de effekter som konsumenter upplever av kändisreklam dels skapande av känslor och dels ökad medvetenhet om varumärket, produkten och dess upplevda kvalitet.

  • Entenza, Robin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Jängnemyr, Felix
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Införande av lagstiftnings påverkan på affärsrelationer och affärsnätverk: En fallstudie av införandet av GDPR:s påverkan på ett svenskt företag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Lagstiftning används för att styra företag mot ett visst beteende. Detta påverkar även företags förhållanden till andra företag. I uppsatsen undersöks hur lagstiftning, innan den har trätt ikraft, påverkar affärsrelationer och affärsnätverk. Syftet är att undersöka hur påverkan manifesterar sig och hur den uppstår genom att undersöka vilka variabler som styr den. Uppsatsens teoretiska ansats utgår till stor del från en modell om ändring i affärsnätverk av Halinen et al. (1999). För att uppnå syftet genomfördes en fallstudie på ett företag aktivt inom en bransch som påverkas av införandet av en ny dataskyddsförordning (GDPR). Resultatet visar att affärsrelationer och affärsnätverket påverkas av införandet av lagstiftning och att modellen kan förklara observationerna förhållandevis väl. Vidare påvisas att osäkerhet spelar en central roll för påverkan. Slutsatserna är att modellen kan tillämpas även vid studier av påverkan på företag vid införande av lagstiftning, samt att osäkerhet är en viktig faktor utöver modellen som förklarar varför denna påverkan uppstår.

  • Larson, Molly
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Andersson, Louisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    CSR och SME-företag: En fallstudie om hur SME-företag kan tillämpa CSR som strategi2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) blir alltmer utbrett inom företagsvärlden, dock främst bland stora bolag. Det finns därför ett intresse för att även SME-företag ska tillämpa CSR-engagemang i större utsträckning. Dessutom ökar intresset för hur företag på ett strategiskt sätt kan tillämpa CSR i sin verksamhet. Studiens syfte är således att bidra till fördjupad förståelse för hur SME-företag kan tillämpa ett strategiskt förhållningssätt till CSR. En fallstudie genomfördes på tre SME-företag där anställda med olika insyn i företagens CSR-arbete intervjuades. Studiens resultat stödjer tidigare forskning som visar att företag genom att integrera sitt CSR-arbete med verksamhet, vision och värderingar kan skapa värde såväl för sin omgivning som inom företagen. Vidare identifierades tre faktorer i studien som betydelsefulla för att framgångsrikt tillämpa CSR som strategi: delaktighet, engagemang hos ägare samt uthållighet. Slutligen visar studien vikten av att företags CSR-arbete utgår från företagens unika förutsättningar.

  • Carlsson, Robert
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology.
    Jansson, Erika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology.
    Söderberg, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology.
    Nock-Off: Ett resurs-/uppgiftsbaserat projekthanteringsverktyg för spelföretag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To plan is something that can be a real hassle for any company, especially for software companies focused on game development. There exists many different methods to plan by and for each a tool to ease the task. These tools do not suit everybody, including the external stakeholding company for this project. They have created their own planning method which suits their planning situation better. The goal of this project is to implement the method devised by the stakeholding company into a network-based tool which is both visually and functionally pleasing. This tool is called Nock-Off and satisfies the demand for a planning tool at a amateur level. For now, the tool does not meet the requirements for commercial use. Through tests it was revealed that Nock-Off, for now, works better with modifying an, in the tool, already existing project than to create a new one. This comes from the fact that the tool is missing some functionality for streamlining the work at the initialization of a project. The functionality missing is mainly aimed at minimizing the switching between mouse and keyboard.

  • Welin Brook, Clara
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Johansson, Michael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Digitalisering inom ställverksbranschen: En fallstudie rörande digitalisering med utgångspunkt i företagsrelationer och organisatorisk förändring.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A case study commissioned by ABB Electrification Products on digitizing within the switchgear industry, with an organizational change and business relations perspective. The following summary is a translated abstract based on the complete study - “Digitalisering inom ställverksbranschen – En fallstudie om digitalisering med utgångspunkt i företagsrelationer samt organisatorisk förändring”.

    The aim of this study was to understand, describe and explain the impact digitization has had on design and business processes for panel builders within the switchgear industry, more specifically six clients of ABB Electrification Products (ABB EP). This was done from an organizational change and business relations perspective with the purpose of providing ABB EP with a recommendation of strategic decisions to enhance, improve and ease the transition into a more digital climate for an otherwise, as described, conservative industry. Thereby also increase sales in a more digitalized market.

    Six interviews were conducted with domestic clients in Sweden varying in size, geographical location and the extent of perceived digital implementation. The interviews were done using a semi-structured guide where the aim was to describe the phenomena of digitization. The study was built around the principles of grounded theory and the data was analyzed using theories from distinguished authors within the fields of organizational change and business relations.

    The study shows that digitization has led to more effective business processes, mainly in the office, where design and material plans can be created from a pre-set of solutions integrated in the system. Whereas the processes of manufacturing have seen little to no difference the past years aside from digital time tracking. Despite the proven effectiveness of digitalized business processes, the industry is still partly suffering from conservatism based on beliefs and what seems to be a fear of the new. The study’s result also points towards some perceived lack of digital competence and interest, which impedes digital process development. Furthermore, the analysis showed that ABB EP can indeed influence the willingness to change and adapt by focusing on several properties directly connected to expectations and participation, trust and commitment, adaption and mutual dependency. Theses have all proven to have an impact on the customer’s attitude towards and internal communication regarding further digital implementation.

    By adapting to the clients’ needs, as presented in this study’s conclusion, while maintaining mutual dependency and interests, ABB Electrification Products can strengthen and improve the flow of information and communication and thereby decrease the gap of digital competence and as a result, gain a stronger business network.

  • Wallander, Cornelia
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Kristoffersson, Agnes
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Attitudes towards sustainable development: Habits, choices and awareness: A field study of Cuban university students’ and professors’ everyday life concerning sustainable development2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2006, Cuba was the only country in the world that met the criteria for sustainable development as defined by World Wildlife Fund. To solve some environmental issues, it is necessary to investigate environmental behaviour and attitudes among the Cuban population. The aim of this thesis was to examine the attitudes towards sustainable development among a selected group in the Cuban society and what individual factors that may have contributed. The selected group that was investigated contained students and professors from the University of Cienfuegos.

    The study was performed as a fieldwork in Cienfuegos and the collected data was received through a questionnaire and interviews at the University of Cienfuegos. The questionnaire was distributed to students and professors at the university and six individual interviews were held with different professors to get a deeper insight on the subject. The collected data was analysed through a theoretical framework based on factors that influence an individual’s environmental behaviour. There are many external factors that contribute to the sustainable development in Cuba. The investigated group does not make many conscious choices in their everyday life to live sustainably and the extent of conscious choices are low. Economic restrictions are a central factor for both low consumption and small emissions from transportation. The US embargo has had a great influence on the current situation as well. 

  • Stübi, Julia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Win the War for Female Engineering Talents: Using Consumer Branding Theory to Propose Employer Branding Strategies2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Europe, females remain underrepresented in engineering and technology industries and even fewer women progress into leadership positions. Changing global conditions have created competitive employment markets and given rise to the so-called ‘War for Talents’. Implications are that female engineers command over considerable bargaining power when it comes to choosing employers. As a response to such circumstances, ABB Europe will introduce a Trainee Program with a leadership focus for female engineering students in 2018. Triangulating qualitative and quantitative data, this paper will propose branding strategies for the ‘Female Trainee Program’ using consumer branding theory translated to an employer branding context. It shows that a concept for a Female Trainee Program is well accepted by both female and male engineers and engineering students. Results, therefore, suggest the promotion of specific program attributes along an instrumental-symbolic framework combined with gender-specific marketing programs. This has the potential to increase self-program congruency between female engineering graduates and the ‘Female Trainee Program’ and enables ABB Europe to take an active part in the war for female engineering talents. 

  • Ivarsson, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Stadsodling på allmän plats: En studie om betydelsen av plats vid stadsodling2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här uppsatsen undersöks vilka betydelser en plats kan ha för stadsodlare på allmän plats. Hur samspelar platsernas placering och funktion med deltagarnas upplevelser? Detta analyseras genom en fallstudie av ett stadsodlingsprojekt i Falun där två odlingsplatser valts ut för att studeras närmare. Med en blandning av metoder har målet varit att få en bred förståelse för de platsbetydelser deltagarna ger uttryck för. Det har genomförts kvalitativa intervjuer samt go-along och projektdokument har studerats. I den här studien fanns vissa likheter men även tydliga skillnader mellan de platsbetydelser som framkom för de två platserna. Odlingsplatsernas gemenskapsbildande betydelser var den tydligaste likheten. Den plats där deltagarna bodde nära sina odlingar beskrevs i högre grad utifrån personliga, känslomässiga betydelser där närhet, att få något eget, de sinnliga aspekterna av odling och oro för förstörelse var framträdande. Den centrala platsen ingav en känsla av ansvar och fick betydelse genom sin exponering mot övriga invånare i staden, som ett medel att inspirera och nå ut med ett odlingsbudskap. Slutsatsen är att det uppstår varierade platsbetydelser i ett samspel mellan deltagarnas mål för odlingen samt platsens läge och funktion.

  • Jungerth, Sofia
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Ghirmay, Helen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    ”Vi borde ha kommit längre”: En kvalitativ undersökning om jämställdhet vid ett svenskt universitet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Betydelsen av könstillhörighet inom akademin är på många sätt motsägelsefull. Trots att fler

    kvinnor än män studerar och examineras idag sitter män i stor utsträckning på den beslutande

    makten. En kontinuerlig utveckling har skett mot ett mer jämställt universitet samt fler

    indikationer på fortsatt förbättring. Dock saknas kvinnor på de högre befattningarna inom

    universitetet. Denna studie syftar till att undersöka vilka faktorer som förklarar avsaknaden av

    kvinnor och syftar till att bidra med ett underlag för framtida förbättringar gällande

    jämställdhet vid Uppsala universitet. Studien är baserad på upplevelserna av sex respondenter

    från tre olika nivåer vid universitetet. Resultatet visar på tre huvudsakliga faktorer som

    orsakar kvinnors avsaknad på högre befattningar inom akademin; familjestrukturer,

    normer/förväntningar och stöd/sociala nätverk.

  • Hoxha, Dasara
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Baseel, Sarmad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Project Success: Identifying critical success factors and success criteria2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis purposes is to explore how project managers work with project management in

    practice and as well study the relevance and applicability of the traditional frameworks in

    project-based companies.

    In this study we have focused on success factors and success criteria. The former refers

    project management, whereas the latter focus on the most important criteria upon which the

    project is being measured against (project objectives). We used Pinto and Slevin (1987) and

    Shenhar et al. (2001) in order to analyze our data.

    The findings in the study showed that all three projects were managed differently but all were

    perceived as successful due to high customer satisfactions. The main findings in Critical

    Success Factors were the importance of client consultation, communication, control over the

    budget and time schedule throughout the whole project life cycle. Trouble-shooting should

    also be highlighted with an emphasis on flexibility during the planning and execution

    phase. Lastly, technical task was not of importance during project implementation. The main

    results in success criteria and the most crucial aspects for determining project success was

    customer satisfaction and meeting the budget- and time-schedule. The second finding was the

    importance of exceeding the client’s expectations. Lastly, the evaluation of project success

    according to long and future time where not of interest to project managers.

  • Grill, Rebecca
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Salander, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Nätverksförändringar vid företagsförvärv: En fallstudie om Uppsalahems förvärv av Studentstaden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien är att undersöka hur företagsförvärv påverkar det förvärvade företagets leverantörsnätverk och om dessa förändringar  även  påverkat kunderbjudandet. Studien grundar sig på en fallstudie där det tidigare privatägda bostadsbolaget Studentstaden har förvärvats av det kommunala bostadsbolaget Uppsalahem. I och med förvärvet till allmännyttan har Studentstaden behövt anpassa sin inköpsprocess till lagen om offentlig upphandling (LOU). För att kartlägga hur det förvärvade företagets leverantörsnätverk och kunderbjudande förändras vid förvärvet har en nätverksstudie genomförts med ARA-modellen som analysmodell. Empirin baseras på sju intervjuer och en fokusgrupp med personal på Studentstaden och Uppsalahem. Studien visar att samtliga kontrakt behöver bytas ut i och med anpassningen till LOU. Övergången från privat till offentligt ägt bolag resulterar även i att leverantörsnätverket i högre grad består av större företag, vilket kan leda till mer distanserade relationer. Kunderbjudandet kan i vissa fall påverkas negativt då det är svårt för offentlig verksamhet att bryta kontrakt med leverantörer där samarbetet inte fungerar. Studien visar att kombinering av resurser vid företagsförvärv kan leda till synergieffekter, vilka i det här fallet exemplifieras med ett förbättrat kunderbjudande i form av en gemensam markportfölj.

  • D'Angelo, Laura
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Wikström, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kvalitetssäkringsarbete i sociala projekt: En fallstudie av projektet SMSlivräddare2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats syftar till att undersöka kvalitetssäkringsarbete i sociala projekt. I denna typ av projekt samarbetar oftast ett spektrum av aktörer där den gemensamma motivationsfaktorn är att lösa ett komplext samhällsproblem. Nätverksteori och kvalitetssäkringsteori används som teoretisk utgångspunkt för att diskutera hur aktörer arbetar med kvalitetssäkring. SMSlivräddare är en tjänst för att snabbt tillkalla privatpersoner utbildade inom hjärt- och lungräddning till platsen för ett misstänkt hjärtstopp. Projektet fungerar som fallstudieobjekt och en nätverksstudie används för att genom en kvalitativ metod kartlägga arbetet kring kvalitetssäkring genomfört av projektets inblandade aktörer. Studien visar att olika kompetenser hos aktörer resulterar i olika åsikter om hur kvalitetsproblem ska prioriteras och definieras. Detta gör att fler riskområden uppmärksammas där kvalitetssäkring går att tillämpa. Vidare uppmärksammas svårigheter i att kommunicera mellan olika kompetensområden för att arbeta med kvalitetssäkring, vilket öppnar upp för ytterligare studier kring kommunikation i sociala projekt.

  • Helander, Emilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity.
    Granskning av möjligheter att påverka effektförlusterna på det svenska stamnätet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The losses on the Swedish national power grid correspond to 2,8 % of the total energy input on the grid and even a small reduction of this can therfore be worth introducing. The purpose of the thesis is to summarise different ways to influence the losses on the Swedish national grid as well as calculating the possible loss reduction from two of these influence possibilities. The study has been requested by the Swidish transmission system operator, Svenska kraftnät. The study is limited to the Swedish power grid with voltages 400 kV and 220 kV. The influence possibilities exclude anything that demand physical changes to be made on the power grid. The study is mostly based on interviews with people that have insight in the isssue, ss well as a study on relevant literature.

    The result show that there are seven different possible ways to reduce the losses on the power grid. What extent of measures that is necessary for instating these loss reductions varies, but thay arr described in the study. Calculations on two of these loss influences where made and showed that a loss reduction of around 740 MWh/year can be achieved from optimizing the usage of power transformers on the grid. Furthermore, other calculations show that if the maintenance method, live work, had been used for the past ten years, losses could have been decreased by approximately 58 800 MWh. This shows that the possible loss reduction can vary a lot depending on which method you use.

  • Borgman, Richard
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Tönnies, Gustav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Komponenter av goodwill - den svenska aktiemarknadens värdering av goodwills komponenter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare studier har funnit att goodwill som tillgång har betydelse för prissättningen av företaget på aktiemarknaden. Det har också kunnat observeras att nedskrivningar av goodwill inte är relevanta för prissättningen av företag på aktiemarknaden. Problemet att tillgången å ena sidan har betydelse för prissättningen, men att inte en minskning av samma tillgång inte har betydelse för prissättningen undersöks i den här studien. Goodwill uppgår till allt större andel av totala tillgångar för företagen noterade på stockholmsbörsen vilket innebär att den också blir mer betydelsefull för prissättningen av företagen. Genom att identifiera komponenterna: going-concern, synergieffekter och en residual som tillsammans utgör det goodwill som uppstår vid ett specifikt rörelseförvärv, mäts vilket värde marknaden tilldömer respektive komponent. Studien finner att marknaden inte betraktar all goodwill som en tillgång utan att marknaden istället identifierar och kostnadsför den del av goodwill som marknaden anser är hänförlig till överbetalning. Resultatet kan därmed dels förklara varför goodwill som tillgång har betydelse för prissättningen av företaget medan nedskrivningen av samma tillgång inte har det i samma utsträckning.

  • Andersson, Ted
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Blomdahl, Klas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Working capital management and Firm performance: In Swedish listed firms2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Present paper aims to help managers in their working capital management decisions by answering: Does the cash conversion cycle and its individual components affect firm performance of Swedish listed firms? Design/Methodology/approach: Present paper applies the cash conversion cycle and its individual components as working capital management measures to investigate the impact of working capital management on market value and profitability. During the period 2012-2015, 707 observations are made. These observations are based on non-financial firms listed on Stockholm OMX, operating in seven different industries. Findings: Present study finds no statistically significant impact of the cumulative cash conversion cycle on neither market value nor profitability. Present study further find no support for an impact of the separate cash conversion cycle components on market value or profitability. Originality/value: Present paper contributes to the research area of working capital management by studying the impact of the cash conversion cycle and its individual components on both market value and profitability in Swedish listed firms. The paper provides insights applicable for managerial decision-making. Keywords: Corporate finance, Working capital management, Cash conversion cycle, Firm performance, Sweden.

  • Kindblom, Helena
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Renström, Victoria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Mångfaldsekvationen: En fallstudie om ett multinationellt företags mångfaldsarbete2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Allt oftare lyfts mångfaldens betydelse för att vidga perspektiv och öka innovationskraft. Således har företag kommit att inkludera mångfald i strategier och arbetssätt i större utsträckning. Mångfaldsbegreppet som sådant är komplext och innefattar en mängd olika attribut, vilket leder till att det blir upp till det enskilda företaget att definiera begreppet. Det multinationella företaget Spotify utför omfattande mångfaldsstyrning och med utgångspunkt i aspekterna motiv, perspektiv och strategier kartläggs företagets arbetssätt gällande mångfald. Därtill undersöks vilka attribut, från traditionella demografiska till kognitiva, som anses betydelsefulla för att uppnå mångfald. En fallstudie genomförs och data samlas in genom nio intervjuer med anställda på företaget. Studien visar på att företaget har både interna och externa motiv till att arbeta med mångfald och realiserar dessa genom en proaktiv strategi som lokala dotterbolag är med och utformar. Det framkommer även att Spotify omfamnar en bred definition av mångfald och lägger stor vikt vid att skapa en jämn könsfördelning. Företagets strävan mot att optimera grupprestation riktar också fokus mot kognitiva aspekter av mångfald.

  • Jävervall, Niclas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Malmeby, Adam
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Fastighetsmäklares arvoden: En studie om självupplevd motivation och prestation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker hur fastighetsmäklares arvoden påverkar deras självupplevda motivation och prestation. Studien anpassar etablerade mått för självupplevd motivation och prestation till en enkät som valideras. Resultatet visar att fastighetsmäklare upplever arvoden olika. I likhet med agent- principal teori indikerar resultatet för stickprovet i den här studien att fastighetsmäklare upplever sig prestera bättre vid provisionsbaserat arvode. Detta är inte i motsättning till de motivationsteorier som diskuteras i studien. Istället indikerar resultatet att fastighetsmäklare upplever provisionsbaserade lönesystem som informerande och stärkande av deras inre motivation. Dessutom finner vi signifikanta indikationer om att undanträngningseffekter såväl som hämmande effekter av fastighetsmäklares inre motivation kan uppstå. Dessa indikationer kan däremot inte generaliseras till följd av stickprovets storlek. Studiens slutsats är att fastighetsmäklares inre motivation förklarar deras självupplevda prestation oberoende av arvode. 

  • Aronsson, Erik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Systems and Control.
    Crondahl, Olle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Systems and Control.
    Maskininlärning applicerat på data över biståndsinsatser: En studie i hur prediktiva modeller kan tillämpas för analys på Sida2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this master's thesis was to study if machine learning can be used asdecision support at the Swedish International Development Agency (Sida) in their work to provide financial aid. The aim was to examine the recurringphenomenon of increased number of aid disbursements towards the end of the year. A study and presentation of the data has been done to show the disbursementdistribution of Sida's operating departments. Moreover, qualitative interviews with different roles at Sida have been done to highlight the complexity of the agency and toexplain why and how different disbursement patterns occur. The approach has been to use classification models as well as regression models applied to data ofaid contributions from Sida's database. The classification models used were Decision Tree, k-Nearest Neighbour and Gradient Boosted Tree and thepurpose with the models was to illustrate which features of a contribution that are likely to be of importance for whether a disbursement occurs in December or earlier.The regression models used were linear models with the aim to predict if disbursements are likely to be delayed relative to the prognosis. The classificationmodel succeeded to point out three attributes that had influence on the classification result. The general conclusions of the report are that data ofcontributions generated in different IT-systems and various work routines at Sida's departments affect the quality of the data and the models’ accuracies negatively.Furthermore, insufficient amounts of data due to changes in Sida's information management has created difficulties when using data driven models to predict latedisbursements.

  • Haskovic, Armin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Brösemyr, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Telework: En longitudinell studie av de faktorer som påverkar upplevd produktivitet vid distansarbete2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning kring ämnet telework har visat på motsägelsefulla resultat gällande bland annat produktivitet hos den teleworkande individen. Denna studie undersöker produktiviteten hos individer som tillämpar teleworking i viss grad. Faktorer som kan påverka produktiviteten identifieras från tidigare forskning och därefter utförs en longitudinell studie för att se hur den upplevda produktiviteten samt de identifierade faktorerna varierar över tid. Resultatet indikerar att faktorerna kan påverka teleworking och att det finns ett antal strategier teleworkers kan använda sig av för att minska faktorernas negativa påverkan på produktiviteten. Studien visar även att individens uppfattning av produktivitet kan skilja sig från deras upplevda produktivitet.

  • Didner, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zhao, Annie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Know Your Game: An explorative study of dynamic capabilities’ potential impact on the Swedish video game industry2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Video games have grown from only being a hobby activity to a worldwide industry, where the Swedish video game industry has become an increasingly important driver to this growth. However, there has been little research on the video game industry, where most empirical studies have so far focused on the involvement of users in product development and on mutually exclusive technology. To create a better understanding of this rapidly growing industry and move closer to determine what makes a game successful, research need to take into consideration the impact that dynamic capabilities have on game development. Therefore, this study aims to examine the dynamic capabilities of video game firms in Sweden in terms of knowledge, and if these are related to the product performance. We argue that product performance could be positively affected by four different knowledge sources: market knowledge, project team, counterpart and communities. A survey strategy was used that resulted in 102 observations from the Swedish video game industry. The regression analysis shows that market knowledge is positively related to product performance, while the other three knowledge sources show no significance. The findings contribute with more knowledge on how video game firms manage their dynamic capabilities, thus complementing previous studies and literature.

  • Basdag, Aysegul
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Stakeholders' perspectives on the determinants for successful IT-enabled change2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study’s aspiration was to close the gap within the research field IT-enabled change management which has previously been dominated by the perspectives of the managers. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore how different stakeholders perceive successful IT-enabled change. A framework of determinants for successful IT-enabled change were identified and constructed into a conceptual framework. The data was collected from five key figures involved in a BI implementation including a change manager, an IT-manager and three change recipients who were all critical in either the entire process or parts of it and obtained the necessary insights into the BI project. The findings showed that a general view was that the IT-enabled change was perceived successful. The identified determinants were applied, however not formally and not before the final release of the BI system, in contrast to what the determinants suggest. Another finding was that, unlike previous studies, the change manager and change recipients viewed the determinants similarly, while the IT-manager and change manager had different perspectives. Moreover, it was also found that the background of the change recipients influenced how they perceived the determinants. Finally, the determinants were perceived to be important for a successful IT-enabled change management. Despite some perspetives that were against some determinants, their actions showed the opposite.

  • Augustsson, Sebastian
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Österlind, Alexander
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    The Effects of Mandatory Audit Firm Rotation on Audit Quality2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2014, the new statutory audit framework proposed by EU was adopted and eventually implemented in Sweden in 2016. The framework included a mandatory audit firm rotation every ten years for public interest entities, with the main objective of enhancing auditor independence. The aim of this study is to examine how mandatory audit firm rotation could affect audit quality. The study is based on a qualitative research method in which auditors were interviewed in order to understand how they perceive the effects of the regulation on the determinants behind audit quality. The study indicates that auditor independence in fact will not be affected by mandatory audit firm rotation, while the perceived independence by the public, i.e. auditor independence in appearance, will be enhanced. The study further suggests that the potential loss of client-specific understanding and knowledge due to shorter audit firm tenures may lead to negative effects on audit quality.

  • Priadi, Marcellina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    What about Peacekeepers?: Deterring Attacks against Humanitarian Workers2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis seeks to understand the phenomenon of attacks against humanitarian workers by asking: why are humanitarian workers attacked in some contexts, but not in others? By exploring the effects of deterrence as a security strategy, this thesis investigates the direct link between causes of attacks against humanitarian workers and humanitarian security. It argues that when humanitarian organisations involve peacekeepers directly in their humanitarian relief activities, this is likely to lead to a decrease in attacks. This is because peacekeepers are armed and able to function as a capable and credible counterthreat against belligerents for humanitarian organisations. A game-like theoretic model of the decision-making sequence leading up to attacks in the humanitarian space is applied to illustrate this. The theoretical argument is tested quantitatively on freshly collated data on peacekeeping activities using a negative binomial count model. Unexpectedly however, the results reveal a contradictory relationship to the hypothesis. Directly involving peacekeepers in humanitarian relief activities is associated with an increase in attacks against humanitarian workers. The surprising results are found to be significant and robust overall.

  • Lundin, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics, Applied Mathematics and Statistics.
    Time and speed dependency of swimming bursts in guppies2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Cai & Sallinen, Lin & Timi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Millennial Fitness App Usage in Shanghai2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Padilla López, Rebeca
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Word Frequency as a Predictor of Word Intensity2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis we explore the intensity of adjectives and how it can be predicted by different word features. We investigate how to accurately determine intensity between synonymous adjectives. For this, we look at features such as word frequency, number of senses and syllable length. Our study is inspired by life satisfaction and happiness surveys and the possibility that differences in intensity in the translation of the adjectives used for the questionnaires could explain the high degree of satisfaction that some countries show. We base our hypothesis on the theories of grammaticalization and semantic bleaching and the discoveries made by other researches about the relations between these word features and word intensity. We focus on studying Danish, English and French. Our study points to a statistically significant negative correlation between word frequency and word intensity.

  • Rask, Herman
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The welfare state and individual attitudes towards immigration2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Why do some people hold anti-immigration sentiments while others do not? Due to the political development of the last decade, this issue has gained a lot of interest. Previous research has shown that welfare state characteristics effects people’s perceived threat of immigration. The competition for scarce resources is, however, not the same for all population groups, as it is conditioned individual resources. By bridging two theoretical perspectives, this thesis explores how the effect of skill level and income on attitudes towards immigration vary depending on welfare state traits. Covering mainly 16 European countries, a quantitative approach is used to test these relationships between 2002 and 2010. The results suggest that unskilled native workers in generous welfare states are less inclined to welcome immigrants than unskilled workers in less generous welfare states. Income does not seem to have any significant interaction effects with welfare state variations. Several robustness checks were employed and another conclusion that can be drawn from the data is that all welfare programmes do not have an equal effect. 

  • Åkerström, Alice
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Varför hemmafru, nu?: En jämförande studie av kvinnors arbetsmarknadsdeltagande i Japan och Sverige2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The gender-gap in the labour market appears to increase in correlation with women childbearing. The reason to that is because the women are the main caretakers of children, which lead to a decreasing participation in the labour market amongst women in fertility age. The absence from work has a negative effect on opportunities of career and salaries while it at the same time does not affect men. Earlier research show that an equal share in child raise and attending in the labour market has positive effects on both parents and children. Therefore gender equality and women participation in the labour market is of great importance. This study aims to analyze what causes or increase women participation in the labour market when childbearing. Both Japan and Sweden are two relatively similar industrial countries, and share important factors that should increase women participation in the labour market according to earlier research. The women employment rate is very low in Japan while Sweden has one of the highest women employment rates and therefore data has been collected to find the reasons behind the differences in the countries. The main explanations are policies but also cultural values, which will be the primary factors that will be compared. What seems to be of importance is the view of the women, which can be affected by both policies and cultural values.

  • Dahl, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    EU:s handelsrelation med Bangladesh efter Rana Plaza-olyckan 2013: En kvalitativ fallstudie av EU:s agerande efter Rana Plaza-olyckan utifrån ett normativt perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen är en intensiv fallstudie av hur EU:s handelsrelation med Bangladesh förändrades efter den tragiska Rana Plaza-olyckan år 2013, då ett fabrikskomplex i Bangladeshs huvudstad Dhaka kollapsade. Olyckan tog över tusen människors liv och enligt Ian Manners teori om EU som en normativ borde det utgöra incitament till en förändring av en handelsrelation där bristfälliga arbetsvillkor drabbar redan utsatta människor. Syftet med undersökningen är att förstå och diskutera EU:s roll i ett globalt sammanhang. Fallet ifråga används som ett kritiskt fall med gynnsamma förutsättningar för att EU skulle agera normativt och främja arbetsrättsliga villkor. Undersökningen har genomförts som en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Ett analysverktyg har utformats med avseende på tre perspektiv, vilka är förändringen av EU:s principer, agerande samt effekter av principer och agerande. Det har gjorts med en ambition att få en fulländad bild av handelsrelationen, men också för att urskilja skillnader mellan de olika perspektiven. Resultatet visar att EU:s prioritering av arbetsrättsliga villkor inom dess principer är avsevärt högre än deras agerande och effekter. Undersökningen ger indikationer på att Manners teori i detta fall inte ger en fulländad bild huruvida EU framgångsrikt främjar goda värderingar i detta fall. Av denna anledning ifrågasätts EU legitimitet samt troligheten att EU skulle agera mot orättvisor eller brott mot mänskliga rättigheter i andra situationer.    

  • Billström, Susanne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Styrning i en mindre kommun: Hur politiska beslut når ut i verksamheterna2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how an organization works with adjusting to a problem from the top to the bottom in solving of the problem. The study is being done during a period of 10 weeks within a local government authority in Sweden. An audit that was carried out some years ago criticized the organization regarding the lack of coordination between the different levels of management, both the political and administrative. The organization attempted to change the way it manages its planning and monitoring has not been successful. This study investigates how these changes have been implemented throughout all levels of the organization. This study concludes that changes in organizations within a government need time when implementing changes. Local governments are regulated by laws that will have an impact on when changes might be needed or possible. Other conclusions are that managing by objectives may not lead to a better coordination between different levels of management. In fact it might lead to less coordination.

  • Björnberg, Dag
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics, Applied Mathematics and Statistics.
    Wavelets: Introduction and Applications for Economic Time Series2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • van Eyssen, Shaun H
    et al.
    Lehner, Severin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Overcoming of barriers to environmental sustainability for SMEs: What makes ecopreneurs different?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at generating knowledge about ecopreneurs’ perception towards barriers complicating the implementation of a more environmentally friendly business concept. Managers in SMEs would often like to orientate their business more environmentally friendly but perceive certain barriers holding them back from doing so. By gathering in-depth information regarding ecopreneurs’ (which have a high motivation for environmental sustainability) perception to barriers we will be able to assess these barriers more realistically and see if they can be overcome. Interviews with owners, managers, and employees of different hierarchical levels in three different companies were conducted, yielding interesting results and bringing us to relativize the term barrier. Literature provides barriers which proved to be less relevant for ecopreneurs, while unmentioned external factors like market demands and partners played a bigger role in making a successful transition to a green business. This different perception was a result of the unusual strong motivation people in the researched businesses has for environmental sustainability.

  • Ohlström, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Knowledge Sharing Through Participation In Disaster Response and Recovery: The Case of International Federation of Red Cross’ Relief Efforts In PostEarthquake Haiti 20102017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Persson Westin, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics, Algebra and Geometry.
    Tilting modules in d-cluster tilting subcategories2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Malherbe, Malherbe
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies. University of Pretoria.
    Participatory Budgeting in Pune: "My City, My Money"?: An NGO Perspective on Inclusion and Participation2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the development and implementation of Participatory Budgeting (PB) as a democratic process adhering to civic improvement demands through municipal budget allocations, it promised great potential as a governance tool. Its core intentions are inclusion, participation and the redistribution of wealth to serve vulnerable members of society. Since India has the second greatest unequal wealth distribution in the world, the implementation of PB seemed promising. Surprisingly, however, Pune is currently the only city with an actively utilized PB mechanism, which indicates various inefficiencies, discrepancies and intentional dualities, resulting in exclusion, low participation and the misappropriation of resources. The purpose and intentions of PB are therefore ultimately reversed, however still it is still labeled as PB due to the lack of a standardized and recognized PB definition. This study utilizes in-depth interviews and data sources provided by various members of the two Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) currently or previously active in PB in Pune. The outcome is a clear depiction of the NGO perspective upon the core intentions of PB, identifying two main hurdles to participation, which remains unattested due to a lack of governmental will. Contributions are made through the development of a definition, the expansion of existing participation theory in the unique context of governmental resistance in a developing country and practical recommendations for the city of Pune. 

  • Åström, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The need for leadership on Climate Change: A study examining the framing of leadership by the UNEP2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Bjelkmar, Par
    et al.
    Publ Hlth Agcy Sweden, Dept Monitoring & Evaluat, S-17183 Solna, Sweden..
    Hansen, Anette
    Publ Hlth Agcy Sweden, Dept Microbiol, Solna, Sweden..
    Schonning, Caroline
    Publ Hlth Agcy Sweden, Dept Monitoring & Evaluat, S-17183 Solna, Sweden..
    Bergstrom, Jakob
    Publ Hlth Agcy Sweden, Dept Monitoring & Evaluat, S-17183 Solna, Sweden..
    Lofdahl, Margareta
    Publ Hlth Agcy Sweden, Dept Monitoring & Evaluat, S-17183 Solna, Sweden..
    Lebbad, Marianne
    Publ Hlth Agcy Sweden, Dept Microbiol, Solna, Sweden..
    Wallensten, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Infectious Diseases. Publ Hlth Agcy Sweden, Dept Monitoring & Evaluat, S-17183 Solna, Sweden..
    Allestam, Gorel
    Publ Hlth Agcy Sweden, Dept Monitoring & Evaluat, S-17183 Solna, Sweden..
    Stenmark, Stephan
    Umea Univ, Dept Clin Microbiol, Umea, Sweden..
    Lindh, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Microbiology.
    Early outbreak detection by linking health advice line calls to water distribution areas retrospectively demonstrated in a large waterborne outbreak of cryptosporidiosis in Sweden2017In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 17, 328Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In the winter and spring of 2011 a large outbreak of cryptosporidiosis occurred in Skelleftea municipality, Sweden. This study summarizes the outbreak investigation in terms of outbreak size, duration, clinical characteristics, possible source(s) and the potential for earlier detection using calls to a health advice line. Methods: The investigation included two epidemiological questionnaires and microbial analysis of samples from patients, water and other environmental sources. In addition, a retrospective study based on phone calls to a health advice line was performed by comparing patterns of phone calls between different water distribution areas. Results: Our analyses showed that approximately 18,500 individuals were affected by a waterborne outbreak of cryptosporidiosis in Skelleftea in 2011. This makes it the second largest outbreak of cryptosporidiosis in Europe to date. Cryptosporidium hominis oocysts of subtype IbA10G2 were found in patient and sewage samples, but not in raw water or in drinking water, and the initial contamination source could not be determined. The outbreak went unnoticed to authorities for several months. The analysis of the calls to the health advice line provides strong indications early in the outbreak that it was linked to a particular water treatment plant. Conclusions: We conclude that an earlier detection of the outbreak by linking calls to a health advice line to water distribution areas could have limited the outbreak substantially.

  • Ros, Emma
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Edlund, Stella
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Mamma, pappa, barn: En kvalitativ läroboksanalys med fokus på familjekonstellationer2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka framställningen av familjekonstellationer utifrån aspekterna heteronormativitet och genus i läroplaner och läroböcker över tid. Undersökningen har avgränsats till att analysera det första kapitlet “Skolans värdegrund och uppdrag” i Lpo-94 och Lgr-11 samt åtta läroböcker i engelska som riktar sig mot årskurs fyra. Studiens relevans motiveras av det knapphändiga forskningsunderlaget på detta område. Metoder som användes för att studera empirin är en kvalitativ diskursanalys samt en visuell textanalys. Analysen visade att läroplanernas första kapitel har närmast identiska formuleringar kring familjekonstellationer utifrån aspekterna heteronormativitet och genus samt att de är öppna för mångfald. Det som däremot skiljer dem är den senare läroplanens inkludering av riktlinjer för diskrimineringsgrunderna. Även läroböckerna visade sig vara relativt lika i framställningen av familjekonstellationer utifrån aspekterna heteronormativitet och genus över tid, med varierande grad av traditionella mönster. Läroplanerna är jämförelsevis mer öppna för mångfald medan läroböckerna endast presenterar kärnfamiljer och ombildade familjer utan alternativa konstellationer. Representationerna av familjer i läroböckerna motsvarar generellt inte samhällets struktur. Uppsatsen resultat överensstämmer delvis med den tidigare forskning som presenteras men motsäger andra delar av forskningen på detta område. Slutsatsen är att normer och strukturer bör synliggöras i skolan för att de inte ska reproduceras utan reflektion. 

  • Hall, James P.
    et al.
    Univ Reading, Dept Chem, Reading RG6 6AD, Berks, England.;Diamond Light Source, Harwell Sci & Innovat Campus,Fermi Ave, Didcot OX11 0QX, Oxon, England..
    Gurung, Sarah P.
    Univ Reading, Dept Chem, Reading RG6 6AD, Berks, England.;Diamond Light Source, Harwell Sci & Innovat Campus,Fermi Ave, Didcot OX11 0QX, Oxon, England..
    Henle, Jessica
    Univ Reading, Dept Chem, Reading RG6 6AD, Berks, England..
    Poidl, Patrick
    Univ Reading, Dept Chem, Reading RG6 6AD, Berks, England..
    Andersson, Johanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC. Chalmers, Dept Chem & Chem Engn, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Lincoln, Per
    Chalmers, Dept Chem & Chem Engn, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Winter, Graeme
    Diamond Light Source, Harwell Sci & Innovat Campus,Fermi Ave, Didcot OX11 0QX, Oxon, England..
    Sorensen, Thomas
    Diamond Light Source, Harwell Sci & Innovat Campus,Fermi Ave, Didcot OX11 0QX, Oxon, England..
    Cardin, David J.
    Univ Reading, Dept Chem, Reading RG6 6AD, Berks, England..
    Brazier, John A.
    Univ Reading, Dept Pharm, Reading RG6 6AD, Berks, England..
    Cardin, Christine J.
    Univ Reading, Dept Chem, Reading RG6 6AD, Berks, England..
    Guanine Can Direct Binding Specificity of Ru-dipyridophenazine (dppz) Complexes to DNA through Steric Effects2017In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 23, no 21, 4981-4985 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    X-ray crystal structures of three -[Ru(L)(2)dppz](2+) complexes (dppz=dipyridophenazine; L=1,10-phenanthroline (phen), 2,2-bipyridine (bpy)) bound to d((5BrC)GGC/GCCG) showed the compounds intercalated at a 5-CG-3 step. The compounds bind through canted intercalation, with the binding angle determined by the guanine NH2 group, in contrast to symmetrical intercalation previously observed at 5-TA-3 sites. This result suggests that canted intercalation is preferred at 5-CG-3 sites even though the site itself is symmetrical, and we hypothesise that symmetrical intercalation in a 5-CG-3 step could give rise to a longer luminescence lifetime than canted intercalation.

  • Wickléus, Fredrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Se, höra, göra: En kvalitativ studie om museipedagogik i undervisning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur elever agerar under museivisning och hur museipedagoger ser på museipedagogikens syfte och metoder. För att besvara frågeställningarna genomfördes två observationer av museivisningar för elever i årskurs 3 samt en intervju med en verksam museipedagog. Genom att analysera insamlad empiri utifrån tidigare forskning och teorier om museipedagogik kunde det konstateras att elevers intresse väcktes under museivisning när eleverna fick interagera med föremål och själva vara aktiva. Det kunde dock konstateras att om museibesöket utformas likt en skolsituation agerar eleverna därefter. Museipedagogens syn på metoder inom museipedagogik var att försöka erbjuda så många sinnesupplevelser som möjligt. Syftet med museiverksamhet var inte alltid nödvändigtvis att eleverna skulle tillägna sig ny kunskap, utan främst att de skulle få en positiv upplevelse av museibesöket. 

  • Horikx, Lotte
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Beqiri, Bledar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Circular economy in the Nordic region – on the right path?: The effect of circular economy business practices on firms’ environmental performance2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last couple of decades, sustainability has gained importance in the business world, and a concept that has often been used as a prime example of how to deal with today’s environmental problems is circular economy. Even though the topic is relatively new, there has already been quite some debate about its actual advantages and disadvantages, and while there is as of yet no consensus, the majority argues that the application of circular economy practices will be beneficial for the environment. Which is exactly what this research has attempted to ascertain by looking at 78 firms from a wide range of industries yet all from the Nordic region, since this geographical area has been hailed repeatedly for their sustainability. This was done by performing a hierarchical regression analysis on the data in order to explore a possible relationship between the score of a firm on the benchmark of circular economy practices and its corresponding environmental performance, specifically energy consumption, water usage and greenhouse gas emissions. The hierarchical regression analysis showed a significantly positive relationship between a firm’s score on the benchmark of circular economy practices and its energy consumption, while controlling for firm size, industry, debt ratio,slack resources and country of origin, which was contrary to expectations. No such relationship was found between a firm’s benchmark score and their water usage, the same goes for greenhouse gas emissions. Nevertheless, this research has taken an important step in understanding the relationship between circular economy practices and a firm’s environmental performance, and in doing so has opened up new avenues to explore in terms of future research. While the Nordic region is on the right track, there is still a long road ahead.

  • Matic, Stefan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Sundeqvist, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Informationssäkerhet vid svenska startups2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    More and more people use services that are provided by startups. We share more private information about ourselves than ever before while having very little knowledge of how it is handled. This study is done to find out how Swedish startups work with information security and how consumers’ assets are handled. To answer this question, we have performed a case study where Swedish startups have been interviewed to find out how they have structured their information security. The study showed that information security in the interviewed companies in general was good, but also showed that the companies choose to take calculated risks when possible. The companies focused on practical concerns such as cryptography, while the more organisational questions such as access control held a lower priority. 

  • Thorin, Kristoffer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Systems and Control.
    Optimal Speed Controller in the Presence of Traffic Lights2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents an approach on how to utilize information on future states of traffic lights to reduce the energy consumption and trip time for a Heavy Duty Vehicle. Model Predictive Control is proposed as a solution to handle the optimisation on-line and the concept is tested for various prediction horizons in which information can be received. Further on, it is investigated if the implemented controller is robust enough to execute the same task in a scenario where only the current state is known and future states are predicted. Comparison with a reference vehicle demonstrates improved fuel economy as well as reduced trip time when the information is given. It is shown that the results are improved as the prediction horizon is extended, but converges after 400-500 meters. As the phases of the traffic lights are predicted, fuel economy can be improved, but it comes at a price from being non-robust with drastic braking and increased trip time as predictions might be inaccurate.