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  • Björk, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Ljudén, Matilda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Till Salu!: Kan fastighetsmäklarens arbetsprocess bli Lean?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste tjugo åren har stora förändringar skett inom fastighetsmäklarbranschen. I takt med ökade administrativa krav, striktare lagar samt en ökad konkurrens har pressen att prestera och alltid finnas tillgänglig varit tydligt märkbar. Detta kombinerat med yrkets utformade av obekväma arbetstider har gjort att stressnivån hos fastighetsmäklare ökat, vilket medför en högre risk för psykisk ohälsa. Genom att kartlägga fastighetsmäklarens arbete syftar studien till att tidseffektivisera processen och frigöra tid vilket kan reducera stressnivån och skapa återhämtningstid. En välkänd effektivitetsteori för att skapa effektiva processer är Lean. Teorin härstammar från produktionssektorn men har på senare tid även implementerats inom tjänstebaserade yrken. Kvalitativa intervjuer av semi-strukturerad karaktär genomfördes i Uppsala, Sverige och ligger till grund för studien datainsamling. Intervjuresultatet påvisar att det finns aktiviteter i processen som kan effektiviseras. Studiens slutsats för att skapa effektiva processer är att anpassa arbetet efter kundens indirekta behov samt att implementera ett proaktivt arbetssätt för att balansera arbetsbördan.

  • Fält, Elisabet
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
    Sarkadi, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Pediatrics.
    Fabian, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Pediatrics.
    Exploring Nurses', Preschool Teachers' and Parents' Perspectives on Information Sharing Using SDQ in a Swedish Setting - A Qualitative Study Using Grounded Theory2017In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, no 1, e0168388Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Evidence-based methods to identify behavioural problems among children are not regularly used within the Swedish Child healthcare. A new procedure was therefore introduced to assess children through parent- and preschool teacher reports using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). This study aims to explore nurses', preschool teachers' and parents' perspectives of this new information sharing model. Using the grounded theory methodology, semi-structured interviews with nurses (n = 10) at child health clinics, preschool teachers (n = 13) and parents (n = 11) of 3-, 4- and 5-year-old children were collected and analysed between March 2014 and June 2014. The analysis was conducted using constant comparative method. The participants were sampled purposively within a larger trial in Sweden. Results indicate that all stakeholders shared a desire to have a complete picture of the child's health. The perceptions that explain why the stakeholders were in favour of the new procedure-the 'causal conditions' in a grounded theory model included: (1) Nurses thought that visits after 18-months were unsatisfactory, (2) Preschool teachers wanted to identify children with difficulties and (3) Parents viewed preschool teachers as being qualified to assess children. However, all stakeholders had doubts as to whether there was a reliable way to assess children's behaviour. Although nurses found the SDQ to be useful for their clinical evaluation, they noticed that not all parents chose to participate. Both teachers and parents acknowledged benefits of information sharing. However, the former had concerns about parental reactions to their assessments and the latter about how personal information was handled. The theoretical model developed describes that the causal conditions and current context of child healthcare in many respects endorse the introduction of information sharing. However, successful implementation requires considerable work to address barriers: the tension between normative thinking versus helping children with developmental problems for preschool teachers and dealing with privacy issues and inequity in participation for parents.

  • Li, Shu-Yi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Zamulko, Sergiy
    Univ Oslo, Dept Phys, Ctr Mat Sci & Nanotechnol, NO-0316 Oslo, Norway..
    Persson, Clas
    Univ Oslo, Dept Phys, Ctr Mat Sci & Nanotechnol, NO-0316 Oslo, Norway.;Royal Inst Technol, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ross, Nils
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics. Univ Oslo, Dept Phys, Ctr Mat Sci & Nanotechnol, NO-0316 Oslo, Norway..
    Larsen, Jes K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Platzer-Björkman, Charlotte
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Optical properties of Cu2ZnSn(SxSe1-x)(4) solar absorbers: Spectroscopic ellipsometry and ab initio calculations2017In: Applied Physics Letters, ISSN 0003-6951, E-ISSN 1077-3118, Vol. 110, no 2, 021905Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dielectric functions of Cu2ZnSn(SxSe1-x)(4) thin film absorbers with varied x were determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry and ab initio calculations. From the combination of experimental and theoretical studies, the fundamental interband transition energy E-0 (similar to 1-1.5 eV) and the next following transition energy E-1 (similar to 2-3 eV) were identified and found to blue-shift with increasing sulfur anion content, while keeping the energy separation E-1 - E-0 almost constant, similar to 1.4 eV from experiments, and 1 eV from theory. In addition, the average dielectric responses were found to decrease with sulfur anion content from both theoretical and experimental results. The Tauc optical bandgap value E-g determined on samples prepared on Mo and soda lime glass substrate showed a positive linear relationship between x and bandgap E-g. The bandgap bowing factor determined from the theoretical data is 0.09 eV. (C) 2017 Author(s).

  • Public defence: 2017-03-17 23:15 Polhemsalen, Uppsala
    Li, Hu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences.
    Covalent Graphene Functionalization for the Modification of Its Physical Properties2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Graphene, a two dimensional monolayer carbon sheet with the atoms tightly packed in a hexagonal lattice, has exhibited so many excellent properties, which enable graphene to break several material records with regard to carrier mobility, strength yield and thermal conductivity to name a few. Therefore, graphene has been placed as a potential candidate to allow truly next-generation material. Graphene is a zero band gap material, implying that an energy band gap around the Dirac point is supposed to be open to make graphene applicable as a semiconductor. Covalent bond graphene functionalization becomes an essential enabler to open the energy gap in graphene and extend graphene applications in electronics, while the densely packed hexagonal carbon atoms as well as the strong sp2 hybridization carbon-carbon bonds jointly result in a changeling topic of allowing graphene to be decorated with functional groups.

    Here in this thesis, different routes to realize graphene functionalizations are implemented by using physical and chemical ways. The physical functionalization methods are the ion/electron beam induced graphene fluorination as well as local defect insertion and the chemical ways correspond to the photochemistry techniques to approach hydrogenation and hydroxypropylation of graphene. Furthermore, to incorporate graphene into devices, the tuning of mechanical properties of graphene is desired. Towards this aim, the structure modification of graphene is employed to investigate the nanometer size-effect of crystalline size of graphene on the mechanical properties, namely Young’s modulus and surface energy. In the process of the graphene hydrogenation project, we discovered a high yield way to synthesis high quality graphene nanoscroll (GNS). Interestingly, the GNS shows superadhesion property through our atomic force microscopy measurements. This superadhesion is around 6-order stronger than van der Waals interaction and even higher than the hydrogen bonding enhanced and solid/liquid interfaces.

  • Krotee, Pascal
    et al.
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Howard Hughes Med Inst, Dept Biol Chem, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Chem & Biochem, 405 Hilgard Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, Inst Mol Biol, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, UCLA DOE Inst, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Rodriguez, Jose A.
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Howard Hughes Med Inst, Dept Biol Chem, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Chem & Biochem, 405 Hilgard Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, UCLA DOE Inst, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Sawaya, Michael R.
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Howard Hughes Med Inst, Dept Biol Chem, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Chem & Biochem, 405 Hilgard Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, UCLA DOE Inst, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Cascio, Duilio
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Howard Hughes Med Inst, Dept Biol Chem, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Chem & Biochem, 405 Hilgard Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, UCLA DOE Inst, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Reyes, Francis E.
    Howard Hughes Med Inst, Janelia Res Campus, Ashburn, VA USA..
    Shi, Dan
    Howard Hughes Med Inst, Janelia Res Campus, Ashburn, VA USA..
    Hattne, Johan
    Howard Hughes Med Inst, Janelia Res Campus, Ashburn, VA USA..
    Nannenga, Brent L.
    Howard Hughes Med Inst, Janelia Res Campus, Ashburn, VA USA..
    Oskarsson, Marie E.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Cell Biology.
    Philipp, Stephan
    Univ Calif Irvine, Dept Mol Biol & Biochem, Irvine, CA 92717 USA..
    Griner, Sarah
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Howard Hughes Med Inst, Dept Biol Chem, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Chem & Biochem, 405 Hilgard Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, UCLA DOE Inst, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Jiang, Lin
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Inst Mol Biol, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, David Geffen Sch Med, Dept Neurol, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, BRI, Los Angeles, CA USA..
    Glabe, Charles G.
    Univ Calif Irvine, Dept Mol Biol & Biochem, Irvine, CA 92717 USA.;King Abdulaziz Univ, Dept Biochem, Fac Sci, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.;King Abdulaziz Univ, King Fahd Med Res Ctr, Expt Biochem Unit, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia..
    Westermark, Gunilla T.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Cell Biology.
    Gonen, Tamir
    Howard Hughes Med Inst, Janelia Res Campus, Ashburn, VA USA..
    Eisenberg, David S.
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Howard Hughes Med Inst, Dept Biol Chem, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Chem & Biochem, 405 Hilgard Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, Inst Mol Biol, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, UCLA DOE Inst, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Atomic structures of fibrillar segments of hIAPP suggest tightly mated beta-sheets are important or cytotoxicity2017In: eLIFE, E-ISSN 2050-084X, Vol. 6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    hIAPP fibrils are associated with Type-II Diabetes, but the link of hIAPP structure to islet cell death remains elusive. Here we observe that hIAPP fibrils are cytotoxic to cultured pancreatic beta-cells, leading us to determine the structure and cytotoxicity of protein segments composing the amyloid spine of hIAPP. Using the cryoEM method MicroED, we discover that one segment, 19-29 S20G, forms pairs of beta-sheets mated by a dry interface that share structural features with and are similarly cytotoxic to full-length hIAPP fibrils. In contrast, a second segment, 15-25 WT, forms non-toxic labile beta-sheets. These segments possess different structures and cytotoxic effects, however, both can seed full-length hIAPP, and cause hIAPP to take on the cytotoxic and structural features of that segment. These results suggest that protein segment structures represent polymorphs of their parent protein and that segment 19-29 S20G may serve as a model for the toxic spine of hIAPP.

  • Public defence: 2017-03-17 10:00 Hambergsalen, Uppsala
    Andersson, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL.
    Air-sea exchange of O2 and CO2: Processes controlling the transfer efficiency2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    World oceans cover more than 70% of the earth surface and constitutes a major sink of atmospheric CO2. Two of the most important gases in the marine carbon cycling are O2 and CO2 and hence accurate descriptions of the air-sea gas exchange of these gases are crucial. Still there is a lack of knowledge of the relative importance of processes controlling the efficiency of the air-sea gas transfer. This is especially true for Arctic and high latitude seas were studies on air-sea gas exchange are few. By studying processes causing water-side turbulence, using gases of different solubility and various measurement techniques, more knowledge on the governing processes can be obtained.

    Here we present the very first air-sea fluxes of O2 using atmospheric eddy covariance measurements and investigate the dependence between the gas transfer velocity of O2 and turbulence generated by the mean wind. The instrument was found to suffer from the limited precision and time response, causing significant corrections on the O2 flux. After correcting for this, the O2 fluxes displays an anti-correlation with the air-sea fluxes of CO2 in agreement with the measured air-sea gradient of O2. The transfer velocities for O2 indicates a stronger wind dependence than other commonly used parameterizations of the transfer velocity for CO2 and O2, this especially for wind speeds > 5 m s-1 where the typical onset of wave breaking occur.

    During two winter months eddy covariance measurements were taken over a high Arctic fjord. The data revealed a significant enhancement of the gas transfer velocity for CO2 from water-side convection, generated by cooling of surface waters. The dependence between water-side convection and gas transfer velocity were found for winds as high as 9 m s-1, but were strongest for wind speeds< 7  m s-1.  The data also showed on enhanced air-sea gas transfer of CO2 when conditions were unstable very close to neutral. This enhanced transfer were associated to increased contribution to the CO2 flux from downdraft of air with higher concentrations of CO2.  The combined effect of water-side convection and turbulence generated by wind results in a very effective transfer, thus the air-sea gas exchange at these latitudes may be significantly underestimated.

  • Malmer, Johan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Seipel, Niklas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Shadow IT – Skuggsystem: En förklarande fallstudie om när verksamheten tar makten över IT2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Systems in an organization that are not formally sanctioned are called shadow systems. In this paper we have conducted a case study at the Swedish Defence Material Administration FMV to better understand the drivers behind the creation of shadow systems. The study has identified a number of shadow systems and possible drivers have been analyzed. It is important for an organization to gain knowledge about the existence of shadow systems in order to manage them. Therefore it is important to have an understanding of the drivers behind shadow systems.

  • Marzal, Julia Carolina Segami
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology.
    Rudh, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology.
    Rogell, Björn
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Zool Ecol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ödeen, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology.
    Lovlie, Hanne
    Linkoping Univ, IFM Biol, Linkoping, Sweden..
    Rosher, Charlotte
    Linkoping Univ, IFM Biol, Linkoping, Sweden.;Univ Manchester, Fac Life Sci, Manchester, Lancs, England..
    Qvarnström, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology.
    Cryptic female Strawberry poison frogs experience elevated predation risk when associating with an aposematic partner2017In: Ecology and Evolution, ISSN 2045-7758, E-ISSN 2045-7758, Vol. 7, no 2, 744-750 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Population divergence in sexual signals may lead to speciation through prezygotic isolation. Sexual signals can change solely due to variation in the level of natural selection acting against conspicuousness. However, directional mate choice (i.e., favoring conspicuousness) across different environments may lead to gene flow between populations, thereby delaying or even preventing the evolution of reproductive barriers and speciation. In this study, we test whether natural selection through predation upon mate-choosing females can favor corresponding changes in mate preferences. Our study system, Oophaga pumilio, is an extremely color polymorphic neotropical frog with two distinctive antipredator strategies: aposematism and crypsis. The conspicuous coloration and calling behavior of aposematic males may attract both cryptic and aposematic females, but predation may select against cryptic females choosing aposematic males. We used an experimental approach where domestic fowl were encouraged to find digitized images of cryptic frogs at different distances from aposematic partners. We found that the estimated survival time of a cryptic frog was reduced when associating with an aposematic partner. Hence, predation may act as a direct selective force on female choice, favoring evolution of color assortative mating that, in turn, may strengthen the divergence in coloration that natural selection has generated.

  • Kedhammar, Emilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av hälsofrämjande och förebyggande arbete i primärvård för individer som lider av kronisk hjärtsvikt.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Chronic heart failure causes disability and decreased quality of life. To improve the care of these patients Swedish national guidelines recommend nurse-led multidisciplinary heart failure clinics [HFC] in primary health care. In spite of this, few Swedish counties are currently providing this service.  

    AIM: To investigate how nurses experience the function of established HFC in primary health care and their impact on the lives of patients with heart failure, health related-wise.  

    METHOD: The study had a qualitative descriptive onset. Semi-structured interviews were executed and transcribed verbatim. The data was then analyzed through manifest content analysis.

    RESULT: A total of 74 codes and 8 main categories were identified: The structure and setup of  HFC, The patients’ health related situation, The nurses’ practical work, Health promotion support, The significance of HFC to patients, Obstacles in the nurses’ work with HFC, Support and guidelines in working with HFC and Evaluation and feedback.  

    CONCLUSION: The participating nurses described the nurse-doctor contact as the main interaction, while several described the collaboration with physiotherapists, dieticians and psychologist as lacking. The nurses’ main priority was described as the information and education of the patients regarding their health problem and its treatment in order to promote adherence and quality of life. Furthermore, the nurses’ felt that they had the capability to prevent deterioration and thus decrease the need for inpatient care in individuals suffering from chronic heart failure.  

  • Målberg, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    "Det är väl ett sätt att bedöma tänker jag...": En studie av lärares och elevers uppfattning av formativ bedömning på gymnasiet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie har varit att undersöka hur två gymnasielärare och sju elever i årskurs 3 på gymnasiet förhåller sig till och uppfattar arbetet med formativ bedömning. Frågeställningarna för studien har varit: Hur beskriver två gymnasielärare att de arbetar med formativ bedömning? Upplever lärarna att eleverna tar ansvar för sitt eget lärande och i sådana fall hur? På vilka sätt kan lärarna påverka och utveckla sitt arbete med formativ bedömning? Uppfattar eleverna de formativa inslagen i undervisningen och i sådana fall hur? På vilket sätt förhåller sig lärarens och elevernas uppfattningar till varandra? Studiens empiri bygger på kvalitativa intervjudata, där materialet har behandlats utifrån Paul Blacks och Dylan Wiliams fem nyckelstrategier för formativ bedömning. Dessa strategier utgår ifrån klargörande av lärandemål, skapande av lärandeaktiviteter, framåtsyftande återkoppling, kamratbedömning och elevers självbedömning. Resultaten av studien visar att lärarna har ett aktivt förhållningssätt till formativ bedömning enligt Blacks och Wiliams strategier, där eleverna genom olika tekniker ges möjligheter till att ta ansvar över och äga sitt lärande. Lärarna upplever att eleverna tar ansvar för sitt lärande genom delaktighet i kursmoment och genom förvaltande av återkoppling. Det finns stora möjligheter till utveckling av arbetet med formativ bedömning, men ett hinder upplevs vara attityden till teknik och formativ bedömning, där det inte alltid finns en samsyn. Eleverna är positiva till de formativa inslagen i undervisningen, men upplever att variationerna är stora beroende på ämne och beroende på lärare. Det är önskvärt med en ökad tydlighet och valfrihet. Vid en jämförelse av lärare och elevers uppfattningar framkommer att kommunikation är både en värdefull men samtidigt komplicerad del. Syftet med den formativa bedömningen i undervisningen behöver både tydliggöras och synliggöras i alla led, så att kunskapen, lärandet och eleverna hamnar i fokus.

  • Gustafsson (fd Greek), Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Does Difference Equal Division?: A Study of Reconciliation and Political Attitudes among young Croats in Mostar2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With its departure in the challenge of avoiding conflict-issues becoming politics, the present study merges the literatures on reconciliation and post-conflict politics, and asks why a difference in post-conflict political moderation can be observed in individuals. It uses questionnaire- and interview-material gathered in Mostar during spring 2013 to do a comparative case study, testing the hypothesis that reconciliation makes individuals more politically moderate with respect to war-related issues. Results in line with the hypothesis are found, and the relationship appears to be causal. However, the causal mechanism requires additional work, and the issue of confounders needs to be addressed by future studies to ensure robustness. In conclusion, with these caveats in mind, the answer to the question is that the level of reconciliation affects the levels of political moderation.

  • Pettersson, Sofia
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Larsson, Jonna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Användning av laborativa material i matematikundervisningen: En studie av lärares arbete och erfarenheter2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie undersöks användningen av laborativt material i grundskolans matematikundervisning. Syftet är att undersöka hur grundskollärare menar att de arbetar med laborativt material i matematikundervisningen och på vilket sätt det kan förbättra barns matematikkunskaper.

     

    Studien bygger på kvalitativa intervjuer med tre grundskollärare som arbetar på olika skolor och som har olika lång erfarenhet av läraryrket. Intervjuerna genomfördes med hjälp av en intervjuguide med standardiserade frågor vilket innebär att alla lärare fick svara på samma frågor i samma ordningsföljd. Frågorna var konstruerade för att ge utrymme för öppna och utförliga svar. Detta för att lärarnas egna erfarenheter och tankar skulle komma fram.

     

    Resultatet av studien visar att alla intervjuade lärare menar att de använder laborativt material då det hjälper eleverna att få en större matematisk förståelse genom att konkretisera abstrakta matematiska idéer. Lärarna menar att materialen hjälper till med att skapa mentala bilder av matematiken vilket är positivt för förståelsen. Vilket material som används och användningen av dem skiljer sig mellan lärarna vilket kan kopplas till lärarnas olika långa erfarenheter av läraryrket.

     

    Nyckelord: Laborativ matematik, laborativa material, matematikdidaktik, sociokulturellt lärande.

     

  • Eleftheriou, Nikolas M.
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Div Translat Canc Res, Dept Lab Med, Lund, Sweden..
    Sjolund, Jonas
    Lund Univ, Div Translat Canc Res, Dept Lab Med, Lund, Sweden..
    Bocci, Matteo
    Lund Univ, Div Translat Canc Res, Dept Lab Med, Lund, Sweden..
    Cortez, Eliane
    Lund Univ, Div Translat Canc Res, Dept Lab Med, Lund, Sweden..
    Lee, Se-Jin
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Med, Dept Mol Biol & Genet, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA..
    Cunha, Sara I.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Vascular Biology.
    Pietras, Kristian
    Lund Univ, Div Translat Canc Res, Dept Lab Med, Lund, Sweden..
    Compound genetically engineered mouse models of cancer reveal dual targeting of ALK1 and endoglin as a synergistic opportunity to impinge on angiogenic TGF-beta signaling2016In: OncoTarget, ISSN 1949-2553, E-ISSN 1949-2553, Vol. 7, no 51, 84314-84325 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Angiogenesis occurs early in tumor development, sustains primary tumor growth and provides a route for metastatic escape. The TGF-beta family receptors modulate angiogenesis via endothelial-cell specific pathways. Here we investigate the interaction of two such receptors, ALK1 and endoglin, in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNET). Independently, ALK1 and endoglin deficiencies exhibited genetically divergent phenotypes, while both highly correlate to an endothelial metagene in human and mouse PanNETs. A concurrent deficiency of both receptors synergistically decreased tumor burden to a greater extent than either individual knockdown. Furthermore, the knockout of Gdf2 (BMP9), the primary ligand for ALK1 and endoglin, exhibited a mixed phenotype from each of ALK1 and endoglin deficiencies; overall primary tumor burden decreased, but hepatic metastases increased. Tumors lacking BMP9 display a hyperbranching vasculature, and an increase in vascular mesenchymal-marker expression, which may be implicit in the increase in metastases. Taken together, our work cautions against singular blockade of BMP9 and instead demonstrates the utility of dual blockade of ALK1 and endoglin as a strategy for anti-angiogenic therapy in PanNET.

  • Hagström, Johanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    The EU’s involvement in the Iranian nuclear crisis: A normative experiment2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Arnqvist, Göran
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology.
    Novicic, Zorana Kurbalija
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology. Univ Belgrade, Inst Biol Res Sinisa Stankovic, Despot Stefan Blvd 142, Belgrade 11000, Serbia..
    Castro, Jose A.
    Univ Illes Balears, Fac Ciencies, Dept Biol, Lab Genet, Edifici Guillem Colom,Campus UIB, Palma de Mallorca 07122, Balears, Spain..
    Sayadi, Ahmed
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology.
    Negative frequency dependent selection on sympatric mtDNA haplotypes in Drosophila subobscura2016In: Hereditas, ISSN 0018-0661, E-ISSN 1601-5223, Vol. 153, 15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Recent experimental evidence for selection on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has prompted the question as to what processes act to maintain within-population variation in mtDNA. Balancing selection though negative frequency dependent selection (NFDS) among sympatric haplotypes is a possibility, but direct empirical evidence for this is very scarce. Findings: We extend the previous findings of a multi-generation replicated cage experiment in Drosophila subobscura, where mtDNA polymorphism was maintained in a laboratory setting. First, we use a set of Monte Carlo simulations to show that the haplotype frequency dynamics observed are inconsistent with genetic drift alone and most closely match those expected under NFDS. Second, we show that haplotype frequency changes over time were significantly different from those expected under either genetic drift or positive selection but were consistent with those expected under NFSD. Conclusions: Collectively, our analyses provide novel support for NFDS on mtDNA haplotypes, suggesting that mtDNA polymorphism may at least in part be maintained by balancing selection also in natural populations. We very briefly discuss the possible mechanisms that might be involved.

  • Andersson, Mikael S.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Pappas, Spyridon D.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Stopfel, Henry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Östman, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Stein, A.
    Brookhaven Natl Lab, Ctr Funct Nanomat, POB 5000, Upton, NY 11973 USA..
    Nordblad, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Mathieu, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Hjörvarsson, Björgvin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Kapaklis, Vassilios
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Thermally induced magnetic relaxation in square artificial spin ice2016In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 6, 37097Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The properties of natural and artificial assemblies of interacting elements, ranging from Quarks to Galaxies, are at the heart of Physics. The collective response and dynamics of such assemblies are dictated by the intrinsic dynamical properties of the building blocks, the nature of their interactions and topological constraints. Here we report on the relaxation dynamics of the magnetization of artificial assemblies of mesoscopic spins. In our model nano-magnetic system - square artificial spin ice - we are able to control the geometrical arrangement and interaction strength between the magnetically interacting building blocks by means of nano-lithography. Using time resolved magnetometry we show that the relaxation process can be described using the Kohlrausch law and that the extracted temperature dependent relaxation times of the assemblies follow the Vogel-Fulcher law. The results provide insight into the relaxation dynamics of mesoscopic nano-magnetic model systems, with adjustable energy and time scales, and demonstrates that these can serve as an ideal playground for the studies of collective dynamics and relaxations.

  • Rusz, Ján
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Muto, Shunsuke
    Nagoya Univ, Inst Mat & Syst Sustainabil, Adv Measurement Technol Ctr, Chikusa Ku, Nagoya, Aichi 4648603, Japan..
    Spiegelberg, Jakob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Adam, Roman
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Peter Grunberg Inst, Elect Properties PGI 6, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Tatsumi, Kazuyoshi
    Nagoya Univ, Inst Mat & Syst Sustainabil, Adv Measurement Technol Ctr, Chikusa Ku, Nagoya, Aichi 4648603, Japan..
    Buergler, Daniel E.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Peter Grunberg Inst, Elect Properties PGI 6, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Oppeneer, Peter M.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory. ..
    Schneider, Claus M.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Peter Grunberg Inst, Elect Properties PGI 6, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Magnetic measurements with atomic-plane resolution2016In: Nature Communications, ISSN 2041-1723, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 7, 12672Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rapid development of magnetic nanotechnologies calls for experimental techniques capable of providing magnetic information with subnanometre spatial resolution. Available probes of magnetism either detect only surface properties, such as spin-polarized scanning tunnelling microscopy, magnetic force microscopy or spin-polarized low-energy electron microscopy, or they are bulk probes with limited spatial resolution or quantitativeness, such as X-ray magnetic circular dichroism or classical electron magnetic circular dichroism (EMCD). Atomic resolution EMCD methods have been proposed, although not yet experimentally realized. Here, we demonstrate an EMCD technique with an atomic size electron probe utilizing a probe-corrected scanning transmission electron microscope in its standard operation mode. The crucial element of the method is a ramp in the phase of the electron beam wavefunction, introduced by a controlled beam displacement. We detect EMCD signals with atomic-plane resolution, thereby bringing near-atomic resolution magnetic circular dichroism spectroscopy to hundreds of laboratories worldwide.

  • Azevedo, Thales
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Jusinskas, Renann Lipinski
    AS CR, Inst Phys, Na Slovance 2, Prague 18221, Czech Republic..
    Background constraints in the infinite tension limit of the heterotic string2016In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 8, 133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work we investigate the classical constraints imposed on the supergravity and super Yang-Mills backgrounds in the alpha' -> 0 limit of the heterotic string using the pure spinor formalism. Guided by the recently observed sectorization of the model, we show that all the ten-dimensional constraints are elegantly obtained from the single condition of nilpotency of the BRST charge.

  • Ericson, Jenny
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Pediatrics. Ctr Clin Res Dalarna, Falun, Sweden.;Falun Cent Hosp, Dept Pediat, Falun, Sweden..
    Flacking, Renee
    Dalarna Univ, Sch Educ Hlth & Social Studies, Falun, Sweden..
    Hellström-Westas, Lena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Pediatrics.
    Eriksson, Mats
    Univ Orebro, Sch Hlth Sci, Fac Med & Hlth, Orebro, Sweden..
    Changes in the prevalence of breast feeding in preterm infants discharged from neonatal units: a register study over 10 years2016In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 6, no 12, e012900Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: There are indications that the prevalence of exclusively breastfed preterm infants is decreasing in Sweden. The objective was to investigate trends in exclusive breast feeding at discharge from Swedish neonatal units and associated factors in preterm infants. Design, setting and participants: This is a register study with data from the Swedish Neonatal Quality Register. Data from 29 445 preterm infants (gestational age (GA) < 37 weeks) who were born during the period 2004-2013 were retrieved. Data included maternal, perinatal and neonatal characteristics. Data were analysed for the whole population as well as for 3 GA groups. Results: From 2004 to 2013, the prevalence of exclusive breast feeding decreased, in extremely preterm (GA 22-27 weeks) from 55% to 16%, in very preterm (GA 28-31 weeks) from 41% to 34% and in moderately preterm infants (GA 32-36 weeks) from 64% to 49%. The decline was statistically significant (p<0.001) in all 3 GA groups. This decline remained significant when adjustments were made for factors negatively associated with exclusive breast feeding and which became more prevalent during the study period, that is, small for GA (all groups) and maternal mental illness (very preterm and moderately preterm infants). Conclusions: In the past 10 years, Sweden has experienced a lower rate of exclusive breast feeding in preterm infants, especially in extremely preterm infants. The factors analysed in this study explain only a small proportion of this decline. The decline in exclusive breast feeding at discharge from neonatal units raises concern and present challenges to the units to support and promote breast feeding.

  • Eldh, Ann Catrine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research. Dalarna Univ, Sch Hlth & Social Sci, Falun, Sweden..
    Wallin, Lars
    Dalarna Univ, Sch Hlth & Social Sci, Falun, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Div Nursing, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Fredriksson, Mio
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research.
    Vengberg, Sofie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research.
    Winblad, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research.
    Halford, Christina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research.
    Dahlström, Tobias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research.
    Factors facilitating a national quality registry to aid clinical quality improvement: findings of a national survey2016In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 6, no 11, e011562Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: While national quality registries (NQRs) are suggested to provide opportunities for systematic follow-up and learning opportunities, and thus clinical improvements, features in registries and contexts triggering such processes are not fully known. This study focuses on one of the world's largest stroke registries, the Swedish NQR Riksstroke, investigating what aspects of the registry and healthcare organisations facilitate or hinder the use of registry data in clinical quality improvement. Methods: Following particular qualitative studies, we performed a quantitative survey in an exploratory sequential design. The survey, including 50 items on context, processes and the registry, was sent to managers, physicians and nurses engaged in Riksstroke in all 72 Swedish stroke units. Altogether, 242 individuals were presented with the survey; 163 responded, representing all but two units. Data were analysed descriptively and through multiple linear regression. Results: A majority (88%) considered Riksstroke data to facilitate detection of stroke care improvement needs and acknowledged that their data motivated quality improvements (78%). The use of Riksstroke for quality improvement initiatives was associated (R-2=0.76) with 'Colleagues' call for local results' (p=<0.001), 'Management Request of Registry data' (p=<0.001), and it was said to be 'Simple to explain the results to colleagues' (p=0.02). Using stepwise regression, 'Colleagues' call for local results' was identified as the most influential factor. Yet, while 73% reported that managers request registry data, only 39% reported that their colleagues call for the unit's Riksstroke results. Conclusions: While an NQR like Riksstroke demonstrates improvement needs and motivates stakeholders to make progress, local stroke care staff and managers need to engage to keep the momentum going in terms of applying registry data when planning, performing and evaluating quality initiatives.

  • Grooten, Wilhelmus Johannes Andreas
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Div Phys Therapy, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Funct Area Occupat Therapy & Physiotherapy, Allied Hlth Profess Funct, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Müller, Mira
    Forsman, Mikael
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Occupat & Environm Med, CAMM, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Kjellberg, Katarina
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Occupat & Environm Med, CAMM, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Toomingas, Allan
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Occupat & Environm Med, CAMM, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ång, Björn Olov
    Karolinska Inst, Div Phys Therapy, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Funct Area Occupat Therapy & Physiotherapy, Allied Hlth Profess Funct, Stockholm, Sweden.;Dalarna Univ, Sch Educ Hlth & Social Studies, Falun, Sweden..
    Svartengren, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Health risk appraisals in Swedish occupational health services2016In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 55, no 4, 849-859 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Health risk appraisals (HRAs) in occupational health services (OHS) in Sweden are very commonly used for health promotion issues, but not much research has explored the extent and nature of individual feedback that is provided. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe and explore HRAs in OHS regarding the content of the feedback in relation to the individual status and overall employee satisfaction. METHODS: Feedback (evaluation and advice) and employee satisfaction with HRA were studied in employees that participated in health risk appraisals with a specific feedback session (HRA-F) (n = 272) and employees that participated in a single session (HRA-S) (n = 104). Associations between feedback and individual status concerning life style were assessed with Cohen's kappa (k). RESULTS: The employees received mainly information and advice for improvement on health and lifestyle issues (89-100%), while advice for improvement of working conditions was less common (15-59%). The feedback provided on life style was not based on individual status (k < 0.4), except for smoking and risky alcohol consumption (k > 0.55). A great majority of employees reported good overall satisfaction with their HRAs. CONCLUSIONS: The evaluation and feedback given to employees after HRAs should be based more on HRA-results and advice could be focused more on work-related factors.

  • Zhou, Bin
    et al.
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Bentham, James
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Di Cesare, Mariachiara
    Middlesex Univ, London N17 8HR, England..
    Bixby, Honor
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Danaei, Goodarz
    Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA USA..
    Cowan, Melanie J.
    WHO, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Paciorek, Christopher J.
    Univ Calif Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Singh, Gitanjali
    Tufts Univ, Medford, MA USA..
    Hajifathalian, Kaveh
    Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA USA..
    Bennett, James E.
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Taddei, Cristina
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Bilano, Ver
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Carrillo-Larco, Rodrigo M.
    Univ Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru..
    Djalalinia, Shirin
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran.;Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Shiraz, Iran..
    Khatibzadeh, Shahab
    Brandeis Univ, Waltham, MA 02254 USA..
    Lugero, Charles
    Mulago Hosp, Kampala, Uganda..
    Peykari, Niloofar
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran.;Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Shiraz, Iran..
    Zhang, Wan Zhu
    Mulago Hosp, Kampala, Uganda..
    Lu, Yuan
    Yale Univ, New Haven, CT 06520 USA..
    Stevens, Gretchen A.
    WHO, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Riley, Leanne M.
    WHO, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Bovet, Pascal
    Univ Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.;Univ Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.;Minist Hlth, Mt Fleuri, Seychelles.;Minist Hlth, Mt Fleuri, Seychelles..
    Elliott, Paul
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Gu, Dongfeng
    Natl Ctr Cardiovasc Dis, Beijing, Peoples R China.;Natl Ctr Cardiovasc Dis, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Ikeda, Nayu
    Natl Inst Hlth & Nutr, Tokyo, Japan..
    Jackson, Rod T.
    Univ Auckland, Auckland 1, New Zealand..
    Joffres, Michel
    Simon Fraser Univ, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada..
    Kengne, Andre Pascal
    South African Med Res Council, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Laatikainen, Tiina
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Lam, Tai Hing
    Univ Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Laxmaiah, Avula
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India..
    Liu, Jing
    Capital Med Univ, Beijing An Zhen Hosp, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Miranda, J. Jaime
    Univ Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru..
    Mondo, Charles K.
    Mulago Hosp, Kampala, Uganda..
    Neuhauser, Hannelore K.
    Robert Koch Inst, Berlin, Germany..
    Sundström, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Smeeth, Liam
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, London, England..
    Soric, Maroje
    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb 41000, Croatia..
    Woodward, Mark
    Univ Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia..
    Ezzati, Majid
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Abarca-Gomez, Leandra
    Caja Costarricense Seguro Social, San Jose, Costa Rica..
    Abdeen, Ziad A.
    Al Quds Univ, Jerusalem, Israel..
    Rahim, Hanan Abdul
    Qatar Univ, Doha, Qatar..
    Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M.
    Birzeit Univ, Birzeit, Israel..
    Acosta-Cazares, Benjamin
    Inst Mexicano Seguro Social, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Adams, Robert
    Univ Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia..
    Aekplakorn, Wichai
    Mahidol Univ, Salaya, Thailand..
    Afsana, Kaosar
    BRAC, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos A.
    Inst Nacl Ciencias Med & Nutr Salvador Zubiran, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Agyemang, Charles
    Univ Amsterdam, NL-1012 WX Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Ahmadvand, Alireza
    Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Shiraz, Iran..
    Ahrens, Wolfgang
    Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epi, Bremen, Germany..
    Al Raddadi, Rajaa
    Minist Hlth, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Al Woyatan, Rihab
    Minist Hlth, Kuwait, Kuwait..
    Ali, Mohamed M.
    WHO, Reg Off Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo, Egypt..
    Alkerwi, Ala'a
    Luxembourg Inst Hlth, Strassen, Luxembourg..
    Aly, Eman
    WHO, Reg Off Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo, Egypt..
    Amouyel, Philippe
    Lille Univ & Hosp, Lille, France..
    Amuzu, Antoinette
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, London, England..
    Andersen, Lars Bo
    Sogn & Fjordane Univ Coll, Forde, Norway..
    Anderssen, Sigmund A.
    Norwegian Sch Sport Sci, Oslo, Norway..
    Angquist, Lars
    Bispebjerg Hosp, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Frederiksberg Univ Hosp, Frederiksberg, Denmark..
    Anjana, Ranjit Mohan
    Madras Diabet Res Fdn, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Ansong, Daniel
    Komfo Anokye Teaching Hosp, Kumasi, Ghana..
    Aounallah-Skhiri, Hajer
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Tunis, Tunisia..
    Araujo, Joana
    Univ Porto, Rua Campo Alegre 823, P-4100 Oporto, Portugal..
    Ariansen, Inger
    Norwegian Inst Publ Hlth, Oslo, Norway..
    Aris, Tahir
    Minist Hlth Malaysia, Putrajaya, Malaysia..
    Arlappa, Nimmathota
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India..
    Aryal, Krishna
    Nepal Hlth Res Council, Kathmandu, Nepal..
    Arveiler, Dominique
    Strasbourg Univ & Hosp, Strasbourg, France..
    Assah, Felix K.
    Univ Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon..
    Assuncao, Maria Cecilia F.
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil..
    Avdicova, Maria
    Reg Author Publ Hlth, Banska Bystrica, Slovakia..
    Azevedo, Ana
    Univ Porto, Sch Med, Rua Campo Alegre 823, P-4100 Oporto, Portugal..
    Azizi, Fereidoun
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Babu, Bontha V.
    Indian Council Med Res, New Delhi, India..
    Bahijri, Suhad
    King Abdulaziz Univ, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia..
    Balakrishna, Nagalla
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India..
    Bandosz, Piotr
    Med Univ Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland..
    Banegas, Jose R.
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain..
    Barbagallo, Carlo M.
    Univ Palermo, I-90133 Palermo, Italy..
    Barcelo, Alberto
    Pan Amer Hlth Org, Washington, DC USA..
    Barkat, Amina
    Univ Mohammed V Rabat, Rabat, Morocco..
    Barros, Aluisio J. D.
    Barros, Mauro V.
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil..
    Bata, Iqbal
    Dalhousie Univ, Halifax, NS B3H 3J5, Canada..
    Batieha, Anwar M.
    Jordan Univ Sci & Technol, Irbid, Jordan..
    Baur, Louise A.
    Univ Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia..
    Beaglehole, Robert
    Univ Auckland, Auckland 1, New Zealand..
    Ben Romdhane, Habiba
    Univ Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia..
    Benet, Mikhail
    Univ Med Sci, Havana, Cuba..
    Benson, Lowell S.
    Univ Utah, Sch Med, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 USA..
    Bernabe-Ortiz, Antonio
    Univ Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru..
    Bernotiene, Gailute
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania..
    Bettiol, Heloisa
    Univ Sao Paulo, BR-05508 Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Bhagyalaxmi, Aroor
    BJ Med Coll, Ahmadabad, Gujarat, India..
    Bharadwaj, Sumit
    Chirayu Med Coll, Bhopal, India..
    Bhargava, Santosh K.
    SL Jain Hosp, Delhi, India..
    Bi, Yufang
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Med, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China..
    Bikbov, Mukharram
    Ufa Eye Res Inst, Ufa, Russia..
    Bjerregaard, Peter
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.;Univ Greenland, Nuuk, Greenland..
    Bjertness, Espen
    Univ Oslo, N-0316 Oslo, Norway..
    Bjokelund, Cecilia
    Gothenburg Univ, S-41124 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Blokstra, Anneke
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm, Bilthoven, Netherlands..
    Bo, Simona
    Univ Turin, I-10124 Turin, Italy..
    Bobak, Martin
    UCL, London WC1E 6BT, England..
    Boeing, Heiner
    German Inst Human Nutr, Nuthetal, Germany..
    Boggia, Jose G.
    Univ Republica, Montevideo, Uruguay..
    Boissonnet, Carlos P.
    CEMIC, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina..
    Bongard, Vanina
    Toulouse Univ, Sch Med, Toulouse, France..
    Braeckman, Lutgart
    Univ Ghent, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Brajkovich, Imperia
    Cent Univ Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela..
    Branca, Francesco
    WHO, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Breckenkamp, Juergen
    Univ Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany..
    Brenner, Hermann
    German Canc Res Ctr, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Brewster, Lizzy M.
    Univ Amsterdam, NL-1012 WX Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Bruno, Graziella
    Univ Turin, I-10124 Turin, Italy..
    Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. B. (as)
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm, Bilthoven, Netherlands..
    Bugge, Anna
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark..
    Burns, Con
    Cork Inst Technol, Cork, Ireland..
    Bursztyn, Michael
    Hadassah Hebrew Univ, Med Ctr, Jerusalem, Israel..
    de Leon, Antonio Cabrera
    Univ La Laguna, E-38207 San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain..
    Cameron, Christine
    Canadian Fitness & Lifestyle Res Inst, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Can, Gunay
    Istanbul Univ, Istanbul, Turkey..
    Candido, Ana Paula C.
    Univ Fed Juiz de Fora, Juiz De Fora, Brazil..
    Capuano, Vincenzo
    Cardiol Mercato S Severino, Mercato San Severino, Italy..
    Cardoso, Viviane C.
    Univ Sao Paulo, BR-05508 Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Carlsson, Axel C.
    Karolinska Inst, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Carvalho, Maria J.
    Univ Porto, Rua Campo Alegre 823, P-4100 Oporto, Portugal..
    Casanueva, Felipe F.
    Santiago de Compostela Univ, Santiago De Compostela, Spain..
    Casas, Juan-Pablo
    UCL, London WC1E 6BT, England..
    Caserta, Carmelo A.
    Assoc Calabrese Epatol, Reggio Di Calabria, Italy..
    Chamukuttan, Snehalatha
    India Diabet Res Fdn, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Chan, Angelique W.
    Duke NUS Med Sch, Singapore, Singapore..
    Chan, Queenie
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Chaturvedi, Himanshu K.
    Natl Inst Med Stat, Delhi, India..
    Chaturvedi, Nishi
    UCL, London WC1E 6BT, England..
    Chen, Chien-Jen
    Acad Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan..
    Chen, Fangfang
    Capital Inst Pediat, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Chen, Huashuai
    Duke Univ, Durham, NC 27706 USA..
    Chen, Shuohua
    Kailuan Gen Hosp, Tangshan, Peoples R China..
    Chen, Zhengming
    Univ Oxford, Oxford OX1 2JD, England..
    Cheng, Ching-Yu
    Duke NUS Med Sch, Singapore, Singapore..
    Dekkaki, Imane Cherkaoui
    Univ Mohammed V Rabat, Rabat, Morocco..
    Chetrit, Angela
    Gertner Inst Epidemiol & Hlth Policy Res, Tel Hashomer, Israel..
    Chiolero, Arnaud
    Univ Lausanne Hosp, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Chiou, Shu-Ti
    Minist Hlth & Welf, Taipei, Taiwan..
    Chirita-Emandi, Adela
    Victor Babes Univ Med & Pharm Timisoara, Timisoara, Romania..
    Cho, Belong
    Seoul Natl Univ, Coll Med, Seoul 151, South Korea..
    Cho, Yumi
    Korea Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Cheongju, South Korea..
    Chudek, Jerzy
    Med Univ Silesia, Silesia, Poland..
    Cifkova, Renata
    Charles Univ Prague, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Claessens, Frank
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Leuven, Belgium..
    Clays, Els
    Univ Ghent, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Concin, Hans
    Agcy Prevent & Social Med, Bregenz, Austria..
    Cooper, Cyrus
    Univ Southampton, Southampton SO9 5NH, Hants, England..
    Cooper, Rachel
    UCL, London WC1E 6BT, England..
    Coppinger, Tara C.
    Cork Inst Technol, Cork, Ireland..
    Costanzo, Simona
    IRCCS Ist Neurol Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy..
    Cottel, Dominique
    Inst Pasteur, Lille, France..
    Cowell, Chris
    Westmead Univ Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Craig, Cora L.
    Canadian Fitness & Lifestyle Res Inst, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Crujeiras, Ana B.
    CIBEROBN, Madrid, Spain..
    Cruz, Juan J.
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain..
    D'Arrigo, Graziella
    CNR, Rome, Italy..
    d'Orsi, Eleonora
    Univ Fed Santa Catarina, BR-88040900 Florianopolis, SC, Brazil..
    Dallongeville, Jean
    Inst Pasteur, Lille, France..
    Damasceno, Albertino
    Eduardo Mondlane Univ, Maputo, Mozambique..
    Dankner, Rachel
    Gertner Inst Epidemiol & Hlth Policy Res, Tel Hashomer, Israel..
    Dantoft, Thomas M.
    Res Ctr Prevent & Hlth, Glostrup, Denmark..
    Dauchet, Luc
    Lille Univ & Hosp, Lille, France.;Univ Lausanne Hosp, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    De Backer, Guy
    Univ Ghent, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    de Gaetano, Giovanni
    IRCCS Ist Neurol Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy..
    De Henauw, Stefaan
    Univ Ghent, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    De Smedt, Delphine
    Univ Ghent, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Deepa, Mohan
    Madras Diabet Res Fdn, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Dehghan, Abbas
    Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA USA.;Karolinska Inst, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden.;Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Inst Trop Med, Antwerp, Belgium.;Amrita Inst Med Sci, Ernakulam, Kerala, India.;Univ Ctr Occidental Lisandro Alvarado, Lara, Venezuela.;St Vincents Hosp, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia..
    Delisle, Helene
    Univ Montreal, Montreal, PQ H3C 3J7, Canada..
    Deschamps, Valerie
    French Publ Hlth Agcy, St Maurice, France..
    Dhana, Klodian
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Di Castelnuovo, Augusto F.
    IRCCS Ist Neurol Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy..
    Dias-da-Costa, Juvenal Soares
    Univ Vale Rio dos Sinos, Sao Leopoldo, RS, Brazil..
    Diaz, Alejandro
    Natl Council Sci & Tech Res, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina..
    Dickerson, Ty T.
    Univ Utah, Sch Med, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 USA..
    Do, Ha T. P.
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hanoi, Vietnam..
    Dobson, Annette J.
    Univ Queensland, Brisbane, Qld 4072, Australia..
    Donfrancesco, Chiara
    Ist Super Sanita, Rome, Italy..
    Donoso, Silvana P.
    Univ Cuenca, Cuenca, Ecuador..
    Doering, Angela
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Oberschleissheim, Germany..
    Doua, Kouamelan
    Minist Sante & Lutte Sida, Abidjan Plateau, Cote Ivoire..
    Drygas, Wojciech
    Cardinal Wyszynski Inst Cardiol, Warsaw, Poland..
    Dulskiene, Virginija
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania..
    Dzakula, Aleksandar
    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb 41000, Croatia..
    Dzerve, Vilnis
    Univ Latvia, Riga, Latvia..
    Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk, Elzbieta
    Med Univ Lodz, Lodz, Poland..
    Eggertsen, Robert
    Gothenburg Univ, S-41124 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Ekelund, Ulf
    Norwegian Sch Sport Sci, Oslo, Norway..
    El Ati, Jalila
    Natl Inst Nutr & Food Technol, Tunis, Tunisia..
    Ellert, Ute
    Robert Koch Inst, Berlin, Germany..
    Elosua, Roberto
    Inst Hosp Invest Med, Barcelona, Spain..
    Erasmus, Rajiv T.
    Univ Stellenbosch, ZA-7600 Stellenbosch, South Africa..
    Erem, Cihangir
    Karadeniz Tech Univ, Trabzon, Turkey..
    Eriksen, Louise
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark..
    Escobedo-de la Pena, Jorge
    Inst Mexicano Seguro Social, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Evans, Alun
    Queens Univ Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN, Antrim, North Ireland..
    Faeh, David
    Univ Zurich, CH-8006 Zurich, Switzerland..
    Fall, Caroline H.
    Univ Southampton, Southampton SO9 5NH, Hants, England..
    Farzadfar, Farshad
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Felix-Redondo, Francisco J.
    Ctr Salud Villanueva Norte, Villanueva De La Serena, Spain..
    Ferguson, Trevor S.
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica..
    Fernandez-Berges, Daniel
    Hosp Don Benito Villanueva Serena, Badajoz, Spain..
    Ferrante, Daniel
    Minist Hlth, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina..
    Ferrari, Marika
    Council Agr Res & Econ, Arezzo, Italy..
    Ferreccio, Catterina
    Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Santiago, Chile..
    Ferrieres, Jean
    Toulouse Univ, Sch Med, Toulouse, France..
    Finn, Joseph D.
    Univ Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England..
    Fischer, Krista
    Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia..
    Foeger, Bernhard
    Agcy Prevent & Social Med, Bregenz, Austria..
    Foo, Leng Huat
    Univ Sains Malaysia, George Town, Malaysia..
    Forslund, Ann-Sofie
    Umea Univ, S-90187 Umea, Sweden..
    Forsner, Maria
    Dalarna Univ, Falun, Sweden..
    Fortmann, Stephen P.
    Stanford Univ, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Fouad, Heba M.
    WHO, Reg Off Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo, Egypt..
    Francis, Damian K.
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica..
    Franco, Maria do Carmo
    Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Franco, Oscar H.
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Frontera, Guillermo
    Hosp Univ Son Espases, Palma De Mallorca, Spain..
    Fuchs, Flavio D.
    Hosp Clin Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Fuchs, Sandra C.
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, BR-90046900 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Fujita, Yuki
    Kindai Univ, Higashiosaka, Osaka, Japan..
    Furusawa, Takuro
    Kyoto Univ, Kyoto 6068501, Japan..
    Gaciong, Zbigniew
    Med Univ Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland..
    Gareta, Dickman
    Univ KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa..
    Garnett, Sarah P.
    Univ Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia..
    Gaspoz, Jean-Michel
    Univ Hosp Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Gasull, Magda
    CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ, Madrid, Spain..
    Gates, Louise
    Australian Bur Stat, Belconnen, ACT, Australia..
    Gavrila, Diana
    Murcia Reg Hlth Council, Murcia, Spain..
    Geleijnse, Johanna M.
    Wageningen Univ, NL-6700 AP Wageningen, Netherlands..
    Ghasemian, Anoosheh
    Wageningen Univ, NL-6700 AP Wageningen, Netherlands.;Endocrinol & Metab Res Inst, Tehran, Iran..
    Ghimire, Anup
    BP Koirala Inst Hlth Sci, Dharan, Nepal..
    Giampaoli, Simona
    Ist Super Sanita, Rome, Italy..
    Gianfagna, Francesco
    Univ Insubria, Varese, Italy..
    Giovannelli, Jonathan
    Lille Univ & Hosp, Lille, France..
    Goldsmith, Rebecca A.
    Minist Hlth, Jerusalem, Israel..
    Goncalves, Helen
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil..
    Gonzalez Gross, Marcela
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain..
    Gonzalez Rivas, Juan P.
    Andes Clin Cardiometab Studies, Timotes, Venezuela..
    Gottrand, Frederic
    Univ Lille 2, F-59800 Lille, France..
    Graff-Iversen, Sidsel
    Norwegian Inst Publ Hlth, Oslo, Norway..
    Grafnetter, Dusan
    Inst Clin & Expt Med, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Grajda, Aneta
    Childrens Mem Hlth Inst, Warsaw, Poland..
    Gregor, Ronald D.
    Dalhousie Univ, Halifax, NS B3H 3J5, Canada..
    Grodzicki, Tomasz
    Jagiellonian Univ, Coll Med, PL-31007 Krakow, Poland..
    Grontved, Anders
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark..
    Gruden, Grabriella
    Univ Turin, I-10124 Turin, Italy..
    Grujic, Vera
    Univ Novi Sad, Novi Sad 21000, Serbia..
    Guan, Ong Peng
    Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore..
    Gudnason, Vilmundur
    Univ Iceland, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Guerrero, Ramiro
    Univ Icesi, Cali, Colombia..
    Guessous, Idris
    Univ Hosp Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Guimaraes, Andre L.
    Univ Estadual Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil..
    Gulliford, Martin C.
    Kings Coll London, London WC2R 2LS, England..
    Gunnlaugsdottir, Johanna
    Iceland Heart Assoc, Kopavogur, Iceland..
    Gunter, Marc
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Gupta, Prakash C.
    Healis Sekhsaria Inst Publ Hlth, Navi Mumbai, India..
    Gureje, Oye
    Univ Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Gurzkowska, Beata
    Childrens Mem Hlth Inst, Warsaw, Poland..
    Gutierrez, Laura
    Inst Clin Effectiveness & Hlth Policy, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina..
    Gutzwiller, Felix
    Univ Zurich, CH-8006 Zurich, Switzerland..
    Hadaegh, Farzad
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Halkjaer, Jytte
    Danish Canc Soc, Res Ctr, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Hambleton, Ian R.
    Univ West Indies, Wanstead, Barbados..
    Hardy, Rebecca
    UCL, London WC1E 6BT, England..
    Harikumar, Rachakulla
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India..
    Hata, Jun
    Kyushu Univ, Fukuoka 812, Japan..
    Hayes, Alison J.
    Univ Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia..
    He, Jiang
    Tulane Univ, New Orleans, LA 70118 USA..
    Hendriks, Marleen Elisabeth
    Acad Med Ctr Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Henriques, Ana
    Univ Porto, Rua Campo Alegre 823, P-4100 Oporto, Portugal..
    Hernandez Cadena, Leticia
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Herqutanto,
    Herrala, Sauli
    Oulu Univ Hosp, Oulu, Finland..
    Heshmat, Ramin
    Chron Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Hihtaniemi, Ilpo Tapani
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Ho, Sai Yin
    Univ Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Ho, Suzanne C.
    Chinese Univ Hong Kong, ```, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Hobbs, Michael
    Univ Western Australia, Nedlands, WA 6009, Australia..
    Hofman, Albert
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Dinc, Gonul Horasan
    Celal Bayar Univ, Manisa, Turkey..
    Hormiga, Claudia M.
    Fdn Oftalmol Santander, Floridablanca, Santander, Spain..
    Horta, Bernardo L.
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil..
    Houti, Leila
    Univ Oran 1, Oran, Algeria..
    Howitt, Christina
    Univ West Indies, Wanstead, Barbados..
    Htay, Thein Thein
    Univ Publ Hlth, Yangon, Myanmar..
    Htet, Aung Soe
    Minist Hlth, Naypyitaw, Myanmar..
    Hu, Yonghua
    Peking Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Maria Huerta, Jose
    CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ, Madrid, Spain..
    Husseini, Abdullatif S.
    Birzeit Univ, Birzeit, Israel..
    Huybrechts, Inge
    Int Agcy Res Canc, Lyon, France..
    Hwalla, Nahla
    Amer Univ Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon..
    Iacoviello, Licia
    IRCCS Ist Neurol Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy..
    Iannone, Anna G.
    Cardiol Mercato S Severino, Mercato San Severino, Italy..
    Ibrahim, M. Mohsen
    Cairo Univ, Giza, Egypt..
    Ikram, M. Arfan
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Irazola, Vilma E.
    Inst Clin Effectiveness & Hlth Policy, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina..
    Islam, Muhammad
    Aga Khan Univ, Karachi, Pakistan..
    Ivkovic, Vanja
    UHC Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia..
    Iwasaki, Masanori
    Niigata Univ, Niigata, Japan..
    Jacobs, Jeremy M.
    Hadassah Univ, Med Ctr, Jerusalem, Israel..
    Jafar, Tazeen
    Duke NUS Med Sch, Singapore, Singapore..
    Jamrozik, Konrad
    Univ Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia..
    Janszky, Imre
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Trondheim, Norway..
    Jasienska, Grazyna
    Jagiellonian Univ, Coll Med, PL-31007 Krakow, Poland..
    Jelakovic, Bojan
    Univ Zagreb, Sch Med, Zagreb 41000, Croatia..
    Jiang, Chao Qiang
    Guangzhou 12th Hosp, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Johansson, Mattias
    Int Agcy Res Canc, Lyon, France..
    Jonas, Jost B.
    Heidelberg Univ, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Jorgensen, Torben
    Res Ctr Prevent & Hlth, Glostrup, Denmark..
    Joshi, Pradeep
    WHO, Country Off, New Delhi, India..
    Juolevi, Anne
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Jurak, Gregor
    Univ Ljubljana, Ljubljana 61000, Slovenia..
    Juresa, Vesna
    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb 41000, Croatia..
    Kaaks, Rudolf
    German Canc Res Ctr, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Kafatos, Anthony
    Univ Crete, Iraklion, Greece..
    Kalter-Leibovici, Ofra
    Gertner Inst Epidemiol & Hlth Policy Res, Tel Hashomer, Israel..
    Kamaruddin, Nor Azmi
    Univ Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi 43600, Malaysia..
    Kasaeian, Amir
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Katz, Joanne
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Kauhanen, Jussi
    Univ Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland..
    Kaur, Prabhdeep
    Natl Inst Epidemiol, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Kavousi, Maryam
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Kazakbaeva, Gyulli
    Ufa Eye Res Inst, Ufa, Russia..
    Keil, Ulrich
    Univ Munster, Munster, Germany..
    Boker, Lital Keinan
    Israel Ctr Dis Control, Jerusalem, Israel..
    Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, Sirkka
    Oulu Univ Hosp, Oulu, Finland..
    Kelishadi, Roya
    Res Inst Primordial Prevent Noncommunicable Dis, Esfahan, Iran..
    Kemper, Han C. G.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Med Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Kersting, Mathilde
    Res Inst Child Nutr, Dortmund, Germany..
    Key, Timothy
    Univ Oxford, Oxford OX1 2JD, England..
    Khader, Yousef Saleh
    Jordan Univ Sci & Technol, Irbid, Jordan..
    Khalili, Davood
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Khang, Young-Ho
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul 151, South Korea..
    Khaw, Kay-Tee
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1TN, England..
    Kiechl, Stefan
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria..
    Killewo, Japhet
    Muhimbili Univ Hlth & Allied Sci, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania..
    Kim, Jeongseon
    Natl Canc Ctr, Goyang Si, South Korea..
    Klumbiene, Jurate
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania..
    Kolle, Elin
    Norwegian Sch Sport Sci, Oslo, Norway..
    Kolsteren, Patrick
    Inst Trop Med, Antwerp, Belgium..
    Korrovits, Paul
    Tartu Univ Clin, Tartu, Estonia..
    Koskinen, Seppo
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Kouda, Katsuyasu
    Kindai Univ, Higashiosaka, Osaka, Japan..
    Koziel, Slawomir
    Polish Acad Sci, Anthropol Unit, Warsaw, Poland..
    Kristensen, Peter Lund
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark..
    Krokstad, Steinar
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Trondheim, Norway..
    Kromhout, Daan
    Univ Groningen, NL-9700 AB Groningen, Netherlands..
    Kruger, Herculina S.
    North West Univ, Potchefstroom, South Africa..
    Kubinova, Ruzena
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Kuciene, Renata
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania..
    Kuh, Diana
    UCL, London WC1E 6BT, England..
    Kujala, Urho M.
    Univ Jyvaskyla, SF-40351 Jyvaskyla, Finland..
    Kula, Krzysztof
    Med Univ Lodz, Lodz, Poland..
    Kulaga, Zbigniew
    Childrens Mem Hlth Inst, Warsaw, Poland..
    Kumar, R. Krishna
    Amrita Inst Med Sci, Ernakulam, Kerala, India..
    Kurjata, Pawel
    Cardinal Wyszynski Inst Cardiol, Warsaw, Poland..
    Kusuma, Yadlapalli S.
    All India Inst Med Sci, New Delhi, India..
    Kuulasmaa, Kari
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Kyobutungi, Catherine
    African Populat & Hlth Res Ctr, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Lachat, Carl
    Univ Ghent, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Landrove, Orlando
    Minist Salud Publ, Havana, Cuba..
    Lanska, Vera
    Inst Clin & Expt Med, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Lappas, Georg
    Sahlgrens Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Larijani, Bagher
    Endocrinol & Metab Res Inst, Tehran, Iran..
    Laugsand, Lars E.
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Trondheim, Norway..
    Bao, Khanh Le Nguyen
    Le, Tuyen D.
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hanoi, Vietnam..
    Leclercq, Catherine
    Food & Agr Org, Rome, Italy..
    Lee, Jeannette
    Natl Univ Singapore, Singapore, Singapore..
    Lee, Jeonghee
    Natl Canc Ctr, Goyang Si, South Korea..
    Lehtimaki, Terho
    Tampere Univ Hosp, Tampere, Finland..
    Lekhraj, Rampal
    Univ Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Malaysia..
    Leon-Munoz, Luz M.
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain..
    Levitt, Naomi S.
    Univ Cape Town, ZA-7700 Rondebosch, South Africa..
    Li, Yanping
    Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA USA..
    Lilly, Christa L.
    W Virginia Univ, Morgantown, WV 26506 USA..
    Lim, Wei-Yen
    Natl Univ Singapore, Singapore, Singapore..
    Fernanda Lima-Costa, M.
    Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rene Rachou Res Inst, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil.;Univ Philippines, Quezon City 1101, Philippines..
    Lin, Hsien-Ho
    Natl Taiwan Univ, Taipei, Taiwan..
    Lin, Xu
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Linneberg, Allan
    Res Ctr Prevent & Hlth, Glostrup, Denmark..
    Lissner, Lauren
    Gothenburg Univ, S-41124 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Litwin, Mieczyslaw
    Childrens Mem Hlth Inst, Warsaw, Poland..
    Lorbeer, Roberto
    Univ Med Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany..
    Lotufo, Paulo A.
    Univ Sao Paulo, BR-05508 Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Eugenio Lozano, Jose
    Consejeria Sanidad Junta de Castilla & Leon, Valladolid, Spain..
    Luksiene, Dalia
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania..
    Lundqvist, Annamari
    Lunet, Nuno
    Univ Porto, Rua Campo Alegre 823, P-4100 Oporto, Portugal..
    Lytsy, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Ma, Guansheng
    Peking Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Ma, Jun
    Peking Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Machado-Coelho, George L. L.
    Univ Fed Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto, MG, Brazil..
    Machi, Suka
    Jikei Univ, Sch Med, Tokyo, Japan..
    Maggi, Stefania
    CNR, Rome, Italy..
    Magliano, Dianna J.
    Baker IDI Heart & Diabet Inst, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Majer, Marjeta
    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb 41000, Croatia..
    Makdisse, Marcia
    Hosp Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Malekzadeh, Reza
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Malhotra, Rahul
    Duke NUS Med Sch, Singapore, Singapore..
    Rao, Kodavanti Mallikharjuna
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India..
    Malyutina, Sofia
    Inst Internal & Prevent Med, Novosibirsk, Russia..
    Manios, Yannis
    Harokopio Univ, Kallithea, Greece..
    Mann, Jim I.
    Univ Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand..
    Manzato, Enzo
    Univ Padua, I-35100 Padua, Italy..
    Margozzini, Paula
    Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Santiago, Chile..
    Marques-Vidal, Pedro
    Univ Lausanne Hosp, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Marrugat, Jaume
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland.;Inst Hosp Invest Med, Barcelona, Spain..
    Martorell, Reynaldo
    Emory Univ, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA..
    Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.
    UiT Arctic Univ Norway, Tromso, Norway..
    Matijasevich, Alicia
    Univ Sao Paulo, BR-05508 Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Matsha, Tandi E.
    Cape Peninsula Univ Technol, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Mbanya, Jean Claude N.
    Univ Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon..
    Posso, Anselmo J. Mc Donald
    Gorgas Mem Inst Hlth Studies, Panama City, Panama..
    McFarlane, Shelly R.
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica..
    McGarvey, Stephen T.
    Brown Univ, Providence, RI 02912 USA..
    McLachlan, Stela
    Univ Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9YL, Midlothian, Scotland..
    McLean, Rachael M.
    Univ Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand..
    McNulty, Breige A.
    Univ Coll Dublin, Dublin, Ireland..
    Khir, Amir Sharifuddin Md
    Penang Med Coll, George Town, Malaysia..
    Mediene-Benchekor, Sounnia
    Univ Oran 1, Oran, Algeria..
    Medzioniene, Jurate
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania..
    Meirhaeghe, Aline
    INSERM, F-75654 Paris 13, France..
    Meisinger, Christa
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Oberschleissheim, Germany..
    Menezes, Ana Maria B.
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil..
    Menon, Geetha R.
    Indian Council Med Res, New Delhi, India..
    Meshram, Indrapal I.
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India..
    Metspalu, Andres
    Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia..
    Mi, Jie
    Capital Inst Pediat, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Mikkel, Kairit
    Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia..
    Miller, Jody C.
    Univ Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand..
    Francisco Miquel, Juan
    Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Santiago, Chile..
    Jaime Miranda, J.
    Univ Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru..
    Misigoj-Durakovic, Marjeta
    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb 41000, Croatia..
    Mohamed, Mostafa K.
    Ain Shams Univ, Cairo, Egypt..
    Mohammad, Kazem
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Mohammadifard, Noushin
    Hypertens Res Ctr, Esfahan, Iran..
    Mohan, Viswanathan
    Madras Diabet Res Fdn, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Yusoff, Muhammad Fadhli Mohd
    Minist Hlth Malaysia, Putrajaya, Malaysia.;Inst Med Res, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.;Minist Hlth, Putrajaya, Malaysia..
    Moller, Niels C.
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark..
    Molnar, Denes
    Univ Pecs, Pecs, Hungary..
    Momenan, Amirabbas
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Monyeki, Kotsedi Daniel K.
    Univ Limpopo, Polokwane, South Korea..
    Moreira, Leila B.
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, BR-90046900 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Morejon, Alain
    Moreno, Luis A.
    Univ Zaragoza, E-50009 Zaragoza, Spain..
    Morgan, Karen
    RCSI Dublin, Dublin, Ireland..
    Moschonis, George
    Harokopio Univ, Kallithea, Greece..
    Mossakowska, Malgorzata
    Int Inst Mol & Cell Biol, Warsaw, Poland..
    Mostafa, Aya
    Ain Shams Univ, Cairo, Egypt..
    Mota, Jorge
    Univ Porto, Rua Campo Alegre 823, P-4100 Oporto, Portugal..
    Motlagh, Mohammad Esmaeel
    Ahvaz Jundishapur Univ Med Sci, Ahwaz, Iran..
    Motta, Jorge
    Gorgas Mem Inst Hlth Studies, Panama City, Panama..
    Muiesan, Maria L.
    Univ Brescia, I-25121 Brescia, Italy..
    Mueller-Nurasyid, Martina
    Murphy, Neil
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Mursu, Jaakko
    Univ Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland..
    Musil, Vera
    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb 41000, Croatia..
    Nagel, Gabriele
    Univ Ulm, D-89069 Ulm, Germany..
    Naidu, Balkish M.
    Inst Publ Hlth, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia..
    Nakamura, Harunobu
    Kobe Univ, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan..
    Namsna, Jana
    Reg Author Publ Hlth, Banska Bystrica, Slovakia..
    Nang, Ei Ei K.
    Natl Univ Singapore, Singapore, Singapore..
    Nangia, Vinay B.
    Suraj Eye Inst, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India..
    Narake, Sameer
    Healis Sekhsaria Inst Publ Hlth, Navi Mumbai, India..
    Maria Navarrete-Munoz, Eva
    CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ, Madrid, Spain..
    Ndiaye, Ndeye Coumba
    INSERM, F-75654 Paris 13, France..
    Neal, William A.
    W Virginia Univ, Morgantown, WV 26506 USA..
    Nenko, Ilona
    Jagiellonian Univ, Coll Med, PL-31007 Krakow, Poland..
    Nervi, Flavio
    Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Santiago, Chile..
    Nguyen, Nguyen D.
    Univ Pharm & Med Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam..
    Nguyen, Quang Ngoc
    Nieto-Martinez, Ramfis E.
    Univ Ctr Occidental Lisandro Alvarado, Lara, Venezuela..
    Niiranen, Teemu J.
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Ning, Guang
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Med, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China..
    Ninomiya, Toshiharu
    Kyushu Univ, Fukuoka 812, Japan..
    Nishtar, Sania
    Heartfile, Islamabad, Pakistan..
    Noale, Marianna
    CNR, Rome, Italy..
    Noboa, Oscar A.
    Univ Republica, Montevideo, Uruguay..
    Noorbala, Ahmad Ali
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Norat, Teresa
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Noto, Davide
    Univ Palermo, I-90133 Palermo, Italy..
    Al Nsour, Mohannad
    Eastern Mediterranean Publ Hlth Network, Amman, Jordan..
    O'Reilly, Dermot
    Queens Univ Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN, Antrim, North Ireland..
    Oh, Kyungwon
    Korea Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Cheongju, South Korea..
    Olinto, Maria Teresa A.
    Univ Vale Rio dos Sinos, Sao Leopoldo, RS, Brazil..
    Oliveira, Isabel O.
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil..
    Omar, Mohd Azahadi
    Minist Hlth Malaysia, Putrajaya, Malaysia..
    Onat, Altan
    Istanbul Univ, Istanbul, Turkey..
    Ordunez, Pedro
    Pan Amer Hlth Org, Washington, DC USA..
    Osmond, Clive
    Ostojic, Sergej M.
    Univ Novi Sad, Novi Sad 21000, Serbia..
    Otero, Johanna A.
    Fdn Oftalmol Santander, Floridablanca, Santander, Spain..
    Overvad, Kim
    Aarhus Univ, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark..
    Owusu-Dabo, Ellis
    Kwame Nkrumah Univ Sci & Technol, Kumasi, Ghana..
    Paccaud, Fred Michel
    Inst Social & Prevent Med, Bern, Switzerland..
    Padez, Cristina
    Univ Coimbra, P-3000 Coimbra, Portugal..
    Pahomova, Elena
    Univ Latvia, Riga, Latvia..
    Pajak, Andrzej
    Jagiellonian Univ, Coll Med, PL-31007 Krakow, Poland..
    Palli, Domenico
    Canc Prevent & Res Inst, Genoa, Italy..
    Palmieri, Luigi
    Ist Super Sanita, Rome, Italy..
    Panda-Jonas, Songhomitra
    Heidelberg Univ, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Panza, Francesco
    Univ Bari, I-70121 Bari, Italy..
    Papandreou, Dimitrios
    Zayed Univ, Dubai, U Arab Emirates..
    Parnell, Winsome R.
    Univ Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand..
    Parsaeian, Mahboubeh
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Pecin, Ivan
    Univ Zagreb, Sch Med, Zagreb 41000, Croatia..
    Pednekar, Mangesh S.
    Healis Sekhsaria Inst Publ Hlth, Navi Mumbai, India..
    Peer, Nasheeta
    South African Med Res Council, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Peeters, Petra H.
    Univ Med Ctr Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Peixoto, Sergio Viana
    Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rene Rachou Res Inst, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil..
    Pelletier, Catherine
    Publ Hlth Agcy Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Peltonen, Markku
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Pereira, Alexandre C.
    Inst Heart, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Marina Perez, Rosa
    Natl Inst Hyg Epidemiol & Microbiol, Havana, Cuba..
    Peters, Annette
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Oberschleissheim, Germany..
    Petkeviciene, Janina
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania..
    Pham, Son Thai
    Pigeot, Iris
    Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epi, Bremen, Germany..
    Pikhart, Hynek
    UCL, London WC1E 6BT, England..
    Pilav, Aida
    Fed Minist Hlth, Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herceg..
    Pilotto, Lorenza
    Cardiovasc Prevent Ctr Udine, Udine, Italy..
    Pitakaka, Freda
    Univ New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia..
    Plans-Rubio, Pedro
    Publ Hlth Agcy Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain..
    Polakowska, Maria
    Cardinal Wyszynski Inst Cardiol, Warsaw, Poland..
    Polasek, Ozren
    Univ Split, Split, Croatia..
    Porta, Miquel
    Inst Hosp Invest Med, Barcelona, Spain..
    Portegies, Marileen L. P.
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Pourshams, Akram
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Pradeepa, Rajendra
    Madras Diabet Res Fdn, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Prashant, Mathur
    Indian Council Med Res, New Delhi, India..
    Price, Jacqueline F.
    Univ Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9YL, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Puiu, Maria
    Victor Babes Univ Med & Pharm Timisoara, Timisoara, Romania..
    Punab, Margus
    Tartu Univ Clin, Tartu, Estonia..
    Qasrawi, Radwan F.
    Al Quds Univ, Jerusalem, Israel..
    Qorbani, Mostafa
    Alborz Univ Med Sci, Karaj, Iran..
    Radic, Ivana
    Univ Novi Sad, Novi Sad 21000, Serbia..
    Radisauskas, Ricardas
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania..
    Rahman, Mahfuzar
    BRAC, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    Raitakari, Olli
    Turku Univ Hosp, Turku, Finland..
    Raj, Manu
    Amrita Inst Med Sci, Ernakulam, Kerala, India..
    Rao, Sudha Ramachandra
    Natl Inst Epidemiol, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Ramos, Elisabete
    Univ Porto, Sch Med, Rua Campo Alegre 823, P-4100 Oporto, Portugal..
    Rampal, Sanjay
    Univ Malaya, Julius Ctr, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia..
    Rangel Reina, Daniel A.
    Gorgas Mem Inst Hlth Studies, Panama City, Panama..
    Rasmussen, Finn
    Karolinska Inst, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Redon, Josep
    Univ Valencia, E-46003 Valencia, Spain..
    Reganit, Paul Ferdinand M.
    Ribeiro, Robespierre
    Minas Gerais State Secretariat Hlth, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil..
    Riboli, Elio
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Rigo, Fernando
    Hlth Ctr San Agustin, Gran Canaria, Spain..
    de Wit, Tobias F. Rinke
    PharmAccess Fdn, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Ritti-Dias, Raphael M.
    Hosp Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Robinson, Sian M.
    Univ Southampton, Southampton SO9 5NH, Hants, England..
    Robitaille, Cynthia
    Publ Hlth Agcy Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Rodriguez-Artalejo, Fernando
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain..
    Rodriguez-Villamizar, Laura A.
    Univ Ind Santander, Bucaramanga, Santander, Spain..
    Rojas-Martinez, Rosalba
    Inst Nacl Salud Publ, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Rosengren, Annika
    Gothenburg Univ, S-41124 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Rubinstein, Adolfo
    Inst Clin Effectiveness & Hlth Policy, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina..
    Rui, Ornelas
    Univ Madeira, Funchal, Portugal..
    Sandra Ruiz-Betancourt, Blanca
    Inst Mexicano Seguro Social, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Russo Horimoto, Andrea R. V.
    Inst Heart, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Rutkowski, Marcin
    Med Univ Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland..
    Sabanayagam, Charumathi
    Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore..
    Sachdev, Harshpal S.
    Sitaram Bhartia Inst Sci & Res, Delhi, India..
    Saidi, Olfa
    Univ Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia..
    Sakarya, Sibel
    Marmara Univ, Istanbul, Turkey..
    Salanave, Benoit
    French Publ Hlth Agcy, St Maurice, France..
    Salazar Martinez, Eduardo
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Salmeron, Diego
    CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ, Madrid, Spain..
    Salomaa, Veikko
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Salonen, Jukka T.
    Univ Helsinki, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Salvetti, Massimo
    Univ Brescia, I-25121 Brescia, Italy..
    Sanchez-Abanto, Jose
    Natl Inst Hlth, Lima, Peru..
    Sans, Susana
    Catalan Dept Hlth, Barcelona, Spain..
    Santos, Diana
    Univ Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Santos, Ina S.
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil..
    dos Santos, Renata Nunes
    Univ Sao Paulo, Clin Hosp, BR-05508 Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Santos, Rute
    Univ Porto, Rua Campo Alegre 823, P-4100 Oporto, Portugal..
    Saramies, Jouko L.
    S Karelia Social & Hlth Care Dist, Lappeenranta, Finland..
    Sardinha, Luis B.
    Univ Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Margolis, Giselle Sarganas
    Robert Koch Inst, Berlin, Germany..
    Sarrafzadegan, Nizal
    Isfahan Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Esfahan, Iran..
    Saum, Kai-Uwe
    German Canc Res Ctr, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Savva, Savvas C.
    Res & Educ Inst Child Hlth, Nicosia, Cyprus..
    Scazufca, Marcia
    Univ Sao Paulo, Clin Hosp, BR-05508 Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Schargrodsky, Herman
    Hosp Italiano Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina..
    Schneider, Ione J.
    Univ Fed Santa Catarina, BR-88040900 Florianopolis, SC, Brazil..
    Schultsz, Constance
    Acad Med Ctr Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Schutte, Aletta E.
    South African Med Res Council, Cape Town, South Africa.;North West Univ, Potchefstroom, South Africa..
    Sen, Abhijit
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Trondheim, Norway..
    Senbanjo, Idowu O.
    Lagos State Univ, Coll Med, Lagos, Nigeria..
    Sepanlou, Sadaf G.
    Digest Dis Res Inst, Tehran, Iran..
    Sharma, Sanjib K.
    BP Koirala Inst Hlth Sci, Dharan, Nepal..
    Shaw, Jonathan E.
    Baker IDI Heart & Diabet Inst, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Shibuya, Kenji
    Univ Tokyo, Tokyo 1138654, Japan..
    Shin, Dong Wook
    Seoul Natl Univ, Coll Med, Seoul 151, South Korea..
    Shin, Youchan
    Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore..
    Siantar, Rosalynn
    Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore..
    Sibai, Abla M.
    Amer Univ Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon..
    Santos Silva, Diego Augusto
    Univ Fed Santa Catarina, BR-88040900 Florianopolis, SC, Brazil..
    Simon, Mary
    India Diabet Res Fdn, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Simons, Judith
    St Vincents Hosp, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia..
    Simons, Leon A.
    Univ New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia..
    Sjotrom, Michael
    Karolinska Inst, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Skovbjerg, Sine
    Res Ctr Prevent & Hlth, Glostrup, Denmark..
    Slowikowska-Hilczer, Jolanta
    Med Univ Lodz, Lodz, Poland..
    Slusarczyk, Przemyslaw
    Int Inst Mol & Cell Biol, Warsaw, Poland..
    Smith, Margaret C.
    Univ Oxford, Oxford OX1 2JD, England..
    Snijder, Marieke B.
    Acad Med Ctr Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    So, Hung-Kwan
    Chinese Univ Hong Kong, ```, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Sobngwi, Eugene
    Univ Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon..
    Soderberg, Stefan
    Umea Univ, S-90187 Umea, Sweden..
    Solfrizzi, Vincenzo
    Univ Bari, I-70121 Bari, Italy..
    Sonestedt, Emily
    Lund Univ, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Song, Yi
    Peking Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Sorensen, Thorkild I. A.
    Univ Copenhagen, DK-1168 Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Jerome, Charles Sossa
    Inst Reg Sante Publ, Ouidah, Benin..
    Soumare, Aicha
    Univ Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France..
    Staessen, Jan A.
    Univ Leuven, Leuven, Belgium..
    Starc, Gregor
    Univ Ljubljana, Ljubljana 61000, Slovenia..
    Stathopoulou, Maria G.
    INSERM, F-75654 Paris 13, France..
    Stavreski, Bill
    Heart Fdn, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Steene-Johannessen, Jostein
    Norwegian Sch Sport Sci, Oslo, Norway..
    Stehle, Peter
    Univ Bonn, Bonn, Germany..
    Stein, Aryeh D.
    Emory Univ, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA..
    Stergiou, George S.
    Sotiria Hosp, Athens, Greece..
    Stessman, Jochanan
    Hadassah Univ, Med Ctr, Jerusalem, Israel..
    Stieber, Jutta
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Oberschleissheim, Germany..
    Stoeckl, Doris
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Oberschleissheim, Germany..
    Stocks, Tanja
    Lund Univ, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Stokwiszewski, Jakub
    Natl Inst Publ Health, Natl Inst Hyg, Warsaw, Poland..
    Stronks, Karien
    Univ Amsterdam, NL-1012 WX Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Strufaldi, Maria Wany
    Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Sun, Chien-An
    Fu Jen Catholic Univ, New Taipei, Taiwan..
    Sung, Yn-Tz
    Chinese Univ Hong Kong, ```, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Suriyawongpaisal, Paibul
    Mahidol Univ, Salaya, Thailand..
    Sy, Rody G.
    Univ Philippines, Quezon City 1101, Philippines..
    Tai, E. Shyong
    Natl Univ Singapore, Singapore, Singapore..
    Tammesoo, Mari-Liis
    Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia..
    Tamosiunas, Abdonas
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania.;Karolinska Inst, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Tang, Line
    Res Ctr Prevent & Hlth, Glostrup, Denmark..
    Tang, Xun
    Peking Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Tanser, Frank
    Univ KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa..
    Tao, Yong
    Peking Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Tarawneh, Mohammed Rasoul
    Minist Hlth, Amman, Jordan..
    Tarqui-Mamani, Carolina B.
    Natl Inst Hlth, Lima, Peru..
    Taylor, Anne
    Univ Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia..
    Theobald, Holger
    Karolinska Inst, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Thijs, Lutgarde
    Univ Leuven, Leuven, Belgium..
    Thuesen, Betina H.
    Res Ctr Prevent & Hlth, Glostrup, Denmark..
    Tjonneland, Anne
    Danish Canc Soc, Res Ctr, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Tolonen, Hanna K.
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Topbas, Murat
    Karadeniz Tech Univ, Trabzon, Turkey..
    Topor-Madry, Roman
    Jagiellonian Univ, Coll Med, PL-31007 Krakow, Poland..
    Jose Tormo, Maria
    Murcia Reg Hlth Council, Murcia, Spain..
    Torrent, Maties
    IB SALUT Area Salut Menorca, Palma De Mallorca, Spain..
    Traissac, Pierre
    Inst Rech Dev, Marseille, France..
    Trichopoulos, Dimitrios
    Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA USA..
    Trichopoulou, Antonia
    Hellen Hlth Fdn, Athens, Greece..
    Trinh, Oanh T. H.
    Univ Pharm & Med Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam..
    Trivedi, Atul
    Govt Med Coll, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India..
    Tshepo, Lechaba
    Sefako Makgatho Hlth Sci Univ, Pretoria, South Africa..
    Tulloch-Reid, Marshall K.
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica..
    Tuomainen, Tomi-Pekka
    Univ Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland..
    Turley, Maria L.
    Minist Hlth, Wellington, New Zealand..
    Tynelius, Per
    Karolinska Inst, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Tzourio, Christophe
    Univ Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France..
    Ueda, Peter
    Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA USA..
    Ugel, Eunice
    Univ Ctr Occidental Lisandro Alvarado, Lara, Venezuela..
    Ulmer, Hanno
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria..
    Uusitalo, Hannu M. T.
    Univ Tampere, Tays Eye Ctr, FIN-33101 Tampere, Finland..
    Valdivia, Gonzalo
    Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Santiago, Chile..
    Valvi, Damaskini
    Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA USA..
    van der Schouw, Yvonne T.
    Univ Med Ctr Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Van Herck, Koen
    Univ Ghent, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    van Rossem, Lenie
    Univ Med Ctr Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    van Valkengoed, Irene G. M.
    Acad Med Ctr Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Vanderschueren, Dirk
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Leuven, Belgium..
    Vanuzzo, Diego
    Ctr Prevenz Cardiovasc Udine, Udine, Italy..
    Vatten, Lars
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Trondheim, Norway..
    Vega, Tomas
    Consejeria Sanidad Junta de Castilla & Leon, Valladolid, Spain..
    Velasquez-Melendez, Gustavo
    Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil..
    Veronesi, Giovanni
    Univ Insubria, Varese, Italy..
    Verschuren, W. M. Monique
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm, Bilthoven, Netherlands..
    Verstraeten, Roosmarijn
    Inst Trop Med, Antwerp, Belgium..
    Victora, Cesar G.
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil..
    Viet, Lucie
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm, Bilthoven, Netherlands..
    Viikari-Juntura, Eira
    Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Helsinki, Finland..
    Vineis, Paolo
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Vioque, Jesus
    Univ Miguel Hernandez, Elche, Spain..
    Virtanen, Jyrki K.
    Univ Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland..
    Visvikis-Siest, Sophie
    INSERM, F-75654 Paris 13, France..
    Viswanathan, Bharathi
    Minist Hlth, Mt Fleuri, Seychelles..
    Vollenweider, Peter
    Univ Lausanne Hosp, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Vrdoljak, Ana
    UHC Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia..
    Vrijheid, Martine
    Ctr Res Environm Epidemiol, Barcelona, Spain..
    Wade, Alisha N.
    Univ Witwatersrand, ZA-2050 Johannesburg, South Africa..
    Wagner, Aline
    Univ Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France..
    Walton, Janette
    Univ Coll Cork, Cork, Ireland..
    Mohamud, Wan Nazaimoon Wan
    Inst Med Res, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia..
    Wang, Ming-Dong
    Publ Hlth Agcy Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Wang, Qian
    Xinjiang Med Univ, Urumqi, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Ya Xing
    Beijing Tongren Hosp, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Wannamethee, S. Goya
    UCL, London WC1E 6BT, England..
    Wareham, Nicholas
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1TN, England..
    Wederkopp, Niels
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark..
    Weerasekera, Deepa
    Minist Hlth, Wellington, New Zealand..
    Whincup, Peter H.
    St Georges Univ London, London, England..
    Widhalm, Kurt
    Med Univ Vienna, Vienna, Austria..
    Widyahening, Indah S.
    Univ Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia..
    Wiecek, Andrzej
    Med Univ Silesia, Silesia, Poland..
    Wijga, Alet H.
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm, Bilthoven, Netherlands..
    Wilks, Rainford J.
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica..
    Willeit, Peter
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria..
    Williams, Emmanuel A.
    Komfo Anokye Teaching Hosp, Kumasi, Ghana..
    Wilsgaard, Tom
    UiT Arctic Univ Norway, Tromso, Norway..
    Wojtyniak, Bogdan
    Int Inst Mol & Cell Biol, Warsaw, Poland..
    Wong, Tien Yin
    Duke NUS Med Sch, Singapore, Singapore..
    Wong-McClure, Roy A.
    Caja Costarricense Seguro Social, San Jose, Costa Rica..
    Woo, Jean
    Wu, Aleksander Giwercman
    Lund Univ, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Wu, Frederick C.
    Univ Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England..
    Wu, Shou Ling
    Kailuan Gen Hosp, Tangshan, Peoples R China..
    Xu, Haiquan
    Minist Agr, Inst Food & Nutr Dev, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Yan, Weili
    Fudan Univ, Childrens Hosp, Shanghai, Peoples R China..
    Yang, Xiaoguang
    Chinese Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Ye, Xingwang
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Yiallouros, Panayiotis K.
    Univ Cyprus, CY-1678 Nicosia, Cyprus..
    Yoshihara, Akihiro
    Niigata Univ, Niigata, Japan..
    Younger-Coleman, Novie O.
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica..
    Yusoff, Ahmad F.
    Zambon, Sabina
    Univ Padua, I-35100 Padua, Italy..
    Zdrojewski, Tomasz
    Med Univ Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland..
    Zeng, Yi
    Duke Univ, Durham, NC 27706 USA.;Peking Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Dong
    Capital Med Univ, Beijing An Zhen Hosp, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Wenhua
    Chinese Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Zheng, Yingffeng
    Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore..
    Zhu, Dan
    Inner Mongolia Med Univ, Hohhot, Peoples R China..
    Zimmermann, Esther
    Bispebjerg Hosp, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Frederiksberg Univ Hosp, Frederiksberg, Denmark..
    Zuniga Cisneros, Julio
    Gorgas Mem Inst Hlth Studies, Panama City, Panama..
    Worldwide trends in blood pressure from 1975 to 2015: a pooled analysis of 1479 population-based measurement studies with 19.1 million participants2017In: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 389, no 10064, 37-55 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Raised blood pressure is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and chronic kidney disease. We estimated worldwide trends in mean systolic and mean diastolic blood pressure, and the prevalence of, and number of people with, raised blood pressure, defined as systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg or higher or diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or higher. Methods For this analysis, we pooled national, subnational, or community population-based studies that had measured blood pressure in adults aged 18 years and older. We used a Bayesian hierarchical model to estimate trends from 1975 to 2015 in mean systolic and mean diastolic blood pressure, and the prevalence of raised blood pressure for 200 countries. We calculated the contributions of changes in prevalence versus population growth and ageing to the increase in the number of adults with raised blood pressure. Findings We pooled 1479 studies that had measured the blood pressures of 19.1 million adults. Global age-standardised mean systolic blood pressure in 2015 was 127.0 mm Hg (95% credible interval 125.7-128.3) in men and 122.3 mm Hg (121.0-123.6) in women; age-standardised mean diastolic blood pressure was 78.7 mm Hg (77.9-79.5) for men and 76.7 mm Hg (75.9-77.6) for women. Global age-standardised prevalence of raised blood pressure was 24.1% (21.4-27.1) in men and 20.1% (17.8-22.5) in women in 2015. Mean systolic and mean diastolic blood pressure decreased substantially from 1975 to 2015 in high-income western and Asia Pacific countries, moving these countries from having some of the highest worldwide blood pressure in 1975 to the lowest in 2015. Mean blood pressure also decreased in women in central and eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and, more recently, central Asia, Middle East, and north Africa, but the estimated trends in these super-regions had larger uncertainty than in high-income super-regions. By contrast, mean blood pressure might have increased in east and southeast Asia, south Asia, Oceania, and sub-Saharan Africa. In 2015, central and eastern Europe, sub-Saharan Africa, and south Asia had the highest blood pressure levels. Prevalence of raised blood pressure decreased in high-income and some middle-income countries; it remained unchanged elsewhere. The number of adults with raised blood pressure increased from 594 million in 1975 to 1.13 billion in 2015, with the increase largely in low-income and middle-income countries. The global increase in the number of adults with raised blood pressure is a net effect of increase due to population growth and ageing, and decrease due to declining age-specific prevalence. Interpretation During the past four decades, the highest worldwide blood pressure levels have shifted from high-income countries to low-income countries in south Asia and sub-Saharan Africa due to opposite trends, while blood pressure has been persistently high in central and eastern Europe. Funding Wellcome Trust.

  • Rickström, Viktoria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Användningen av sociala medier: De sociala effekterna av att ständigt leva uppkopplad2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Svensson, Anna C.
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Stjernschantz Forsberg, Joanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics. Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Epidemiol & Community Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Seblova, Dominika
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Epidemiol & Community Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lager, Anton
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Epidemiol & Community Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Residential area and physical activity: A multi-level study of 68,000 adults in Stockholm County2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 45, no 1, 25-32 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To determine whether there are systematic differences in physical activity between residential areas after extensive control for sociodemographic factors at the individual level. Methods: Multi-level regressions of walking/bicycling, sedentary activities, household work and exercise were carried out in a representative sample of 68,303 adults in 39 residential areas in Stockholm County, first adjusting at the individual level for country of birth, sex, age, education, occupational class and income. The type of housing was then considered at the individual level or, for walking/bicycling and exercise, at both the individual and area levels (as a measure of area density). Results: After adjustment for sociodemographic factors, differences between residential areas remained in walking/bicycling, corresponding to 0.27 SD, or 50 min/week between the most and least active areas. Forty per cent of this difference could be explained by the type of housing at the area level. For sedentary activities and household work, respectively, much of the variation that remained after adjustment for sociodemographic factors was, in turn, explained by the type of housing at the individual level, leaving a difference of 0.16 SD (80 min/week) and 0.13 SD (60 min/week), respectively. For exercise, the corresponding difference was 0.11 SD (11 min/week, not sensitive to housing). Conclusions: Area level factors may influence walking/bicycling. High area density was associated with more activity. However, high density also comes with a type of housing (apartments) that is associated with less household work and, surprisingly, more sedentary activities, introducing a challenging trade-off. The differences in exercise were smaller than for all other types of activities.

  • Ekstrand, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    "Möjligheter och utmaningar: - En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av hur media skildrar  regeringspartier och stödpartier.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur stödpartier och regeringspartier skildras i media. Ett syfte som baseras på att media utgör en viktig informationskälla som möjliggör för väljarnas demokratiska ansvarsutkrävande. Studien består av en kvantitativ innehållsanalys som undersöker hur media skildrat Miljöpartiet och Vänsterpartiet som stödpartier under 2004/2005 samt Vänsterpartiet som stödparti och Miljöpartiet som regeringsparti under 2015 och 2016. För att besvara frågeställningen och uppfylla syftet används ett teoretiskt ramverk bestående av följande fyra teman; medialt utrymme, medial framställning, regeringsinflytande och regeringsmotstånd. Studiens resultat visar på skillnader mellan hur media skildrat stödpartierna och Miljöpartiet som regeringsparti. Stödpartierna har bland annat getts ett mer begränsat medialt utrymme samtidigt som de också i högre grad har undkommit negativ rapportering. Dessa skillnader framstår som problematiska utifrån ett demokratiskt perspektiv. 

  • Kühnemund, Malte
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Molecular tools. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Stockholm Univ, Dept Biophys & Biochem, Sci Life Lab, Box 1031, SE-17121 Solna, Sweden..
    Wei, Qingshan
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Elect Engn, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Bioengn, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Darai, Evangelia
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Biophys & Biochem, Sci Life Lab, Box 1031, SE-17121 Solna, Sweden..
    Wang, Yingjie
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Elect Engn, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Hernandez-Neuta, Ivan
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Biophys & Biochem, Sci Life Lab, Box 1031, SE-17121 Solna, Sweden..
    Yang, Zhao
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Elect Engn, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Tseng, Derek
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Elect Engn, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Ahlford, Annika
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Biophys & Biochem, Sci Life Lab, Box 1031, SE-17121 Solna, Sweden.;Devyser AB, Instrumentvagen 19, S-12653 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Mathot, Lucy
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Molecular tools. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Sjöblom, Tobias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Experimental and Clinical Oncology. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Ozcan, Aydogan
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Elect Engn, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Bioengn, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, Calif NanoSyst Inst CNSI, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Nilsson, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Molecular tools. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Stockholm Univ, Dept Biophys & Biochem, Sci Life Lab, Box 1031, SE-17121 Solna, Sweden..
    Targeted DNA sequencing and in situ mutation analysis using mobile phone microscopy2017In: Nature Communications, ISSN 2041-1723, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 8, 13913Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Molecular diagnostics is typically outsourced to well-equipped centralized laboratories, often far from the patient. We developed molecular assays and portable optical imaging designs that permit on-site diagnostics with a cost-effective mobile-phone-based multimodal microscope. We demonstrate that targeted next-generation DNA sequencing reactions and in situ point mutation detection assays in preserved tumour samples can be imaged and analysed using mobile phone microscopy, achieving a new milestone for tele-medicine technologies.

  • Marti, J.
    et al.
    CSIC, Inst Earth Sci Jaume Almera, ICTJA, Barcelona, Spain..
    Villasenor, A.
    CSIC, Inst Earth Sci Jaume Almera, ICTJA, Barcelona, Spain..
    Geyer, A.
    CSIC, Inst Earth Sci Jaume Almera, ICTJA, Barcelona, Spain..
    Lopez, C.
    IGN, Observ Geofis Cent, Madrid, Spain..
    Tryggvason, Ari
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Geophysics.
    Stress barriers controlling lateral migration of magma revealed by seismic tomography2017In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 7, 40757Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding how monogenetic volcanic systems work requires full comprehension of the local and regional stresses that govern magma migration inside them and why/how they seem to change from one eruption to another. During the 2011-2012 El Hierro eruption (Canary Islands) the characteristics of unrest, including a continuous change in the location of seismicity, made the location of the future vent unpredictable, so short term hazard assessment was highly imprecise. A 3D P-wave velocity model is obtained using arrival times of the earthquakes occurred during that pre-eruptive unrest and several latter post-eruptive seismic crises not related to further eruptions. This model reveals the rheological and structural complexity of the interior of El Hierro volcanic island. It shows a number of stress barriers corresponding to regional tectonic structures and blocked pathways from previous eruptions, which controlled ascent and lateral migration of magma and, together with the existence of N-S regional compression, reduced its options to find a suitable path to reach the surface and erupt.

  • Palmér, Lovisa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Rahmqvist, Erika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Mot en mer hållbar framtid: En kvalitativ studie av framväxten av CSV-tjänster inom kommunikationsbranschen och kundens roll i innovationsprocessen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige står liksom många andra länder inför stora samhällsutmaningar. I Sverige utgör tjänster mer än 70 procent av BNP och behovet av tjänsteinnovationer som möter dessa utmaningar ökar. Creating Shared Value (CSV) är ett relativt nytt koncept som handlar om att skapa en gemensam värdegrund där ägarnas och samhällets intressen möts och ses som ett sätt att driva innovation och tillväxt på ett hållbart sätt. Ett fåtal tjänsteföretag har under de senaste åren börjat erbjuda CSV-tjänster och det är intressant att undersöka framväxten av dessa tjänster samt vilka faktorer som bidragit till utvecklingen. Studien undersöker därför tjänsteinnovationen hos två av Sveriges ledande kommunikationsbyråer som erbjuder CSV-tjänster och fokuserar främst på kundens roll i innovationsprocessen. Undersökningsmaterialet samlades in genom semi-strukturerade intervjuer med anställda från byråernas hållbarhetsteam. Resultatet visar att vissa kunder, så kallade ledanvändare, har haft stor betydelse för tjänsteutvecklingen. Slutsatsen är att innovationen kring dessa tjänster skett i samskapande med kund.

  • Back, Markus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences.
    Rickard, Viik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences.
    Analytical Design and Optimization of a WR-3 Waveguide Diplexer Synthesized using Direct Coupled Resonator Cavities2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A WR-3 coupled waveguide resonator diplexer is designed, analytically, using the insertion loss method, and subsequently simulated and optimized in HFSS. The design features ten iris coupled resonator cavities, assembled with a power divider in a T-junction topology. The diplexer channel filters yield a 5th order Chebyshev type frequency response, centered around 265 GHz and 300 GHz, respectivley. The resulting diplexer channels have bandwidths of 13 GHz and 11.6 GHz, respectivley, and a maximum passband return loss of -6.35 dB for channel A and -6.95 dB for channel B. A usable diplexer should have a passband return loss of at most -20 dB. Further optimization or, alternatively, changing the features of the design is needed to reduce the passband ripple to a level for which the diplexer is usable in practice. Possible improvements can be made by making the channel passbands narrower or, alternatively, increasing the number of resonators in the channel filters.

  • Leggatt, Rosalind A.
    et al.
    Fisheries & Oceans Canada, Ctr Aquaculture & Environm Res, Ctr Aquat Biotechnol Regulatory Res, W Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Sundström, L. Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Biology Education Centre. Fisheries & Oceans Canada, Ctr Aquaculture & Environm Res, Ctr Aquat Biotechnol Regulatory Res, W Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Woodward, Krista
    Fisheries & Oceans Canada, Ctr Aquaculture & Environm Res, Ctr Aquat Biotechnol Regulatory Res, W Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Devlin, Robert H.
    Fisheries & Oceans Canada, Ctr Aquaculture & Environm Res, Ctr Aquat Biotechnol Regulatory Res, W Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Growth-Enhanced Transgenic Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) Strains Have Varied Success in Simulated Streams: Implications for Risk Assessment2017In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, no 1, e0169991Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Growth hormone (GH) transgenic fish have accelerated growth and could improve production efficiency in aquaculture. However, concern exists regarding potential environmental risks of GH transgenic fish should they escape rearing facilities. While environmental effects have been examined in some GH transgenic models, there is a lack of information on whether effects differ among different constructs or strains of transgenic fish. We compared growth and survival of wild-type coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) fry, a fast-growing GH transgenic strain containing a metallothionein promoter (T-MT), and three lines/strains containing a reportedly weaker histone-3 promoter (T-H3) in hatchery conditions and semi-natural stream tanks with varying levels of natural food and predators. Rank order of genotype size and survival differed with varying environmental conditions, both within and among experiments. Despite accelerated growth in hatchery conditions, T-MT fry gained little or no growth enhancement in stream conditions, had enhanced survival when food was limiting, and inconsistent survival under other conditions. Rank growth was inconsistent in T-H3 strains, with one strain having highest, and two strains having the lowest growth in stream conditions, although all T-H3 strains had consistently poor survival. These studies demonstrate the importance of determining risk estimates for each unique transgenic model independent of other models.

  • Eldh, Ann Catrine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research. Dalarna Univ, Sch Educ Hlth & Social Studies, Falun, Sweden.;Linkoping Univ, Dept Med & Hlth Sci, SE-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
    Almost, Joan
    Queens Univ, Kingston, ON, Canada..
    DeCorby-Watson, Kara
    Publ Hlth Ontario, Toronto, ON, Canada..
    Gifford, Wendy
    Univ Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Harvey, Gill
    Univ Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.;Univ Manchester, Manchester, Lancs, England..
    Hasson, Henna
    Karolinska Inst, Med Management Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Epidemiol & Community Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Kenny, Deborah
    Univ Colorado, Colorado Springs, CO 80907 USA..
    Moodie, Sheila
    Western Univ, London, ON, Canada..
    Wallin, Lars
    Dalarna Univ, Sch Educ Hlth & Social Studies, Falun, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Div Nursing, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Stockholm, Sweden.;Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Dept Hlth & Care Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Yost, Jennifer
    McMaster Univ, Sch Nursing, Hamilton, ON, Canada..
    Clinical interventions, implementation interventions, and the potential greyness in between -a discussion paper2017In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 17, 16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There is increasing awareness that regardless of the proven value of clinical interventions, the use of effective strategies to implement such interventions into clinical practice is necessary to ensure that patients receive the benefits. However, there is often confusion between what is the clinical intervention and what is the implementation intervention. This may be caused by a lack of conceptual clarity between 'intervention' and 'implementation', yet at other times by ambiguity in application. We suggest that both the scientific and the clinical communities would benefit from greater clarity; therefore, in this paper, we address the concepts of intervention and implementation, primarily as in clinical interventions and implementation interventions, and explore the grey area in between. Discussion: To begin, we consider the similarities, differences and potential greyness between clinical interventions and implementation interventions through an overview of concepts. This is illustrated with reference to two examples of clinical interventions and implementation intervention studies, including the potential ambiguity in between. We then discuss strategies to explore the hybridity of clinical-implementation intervention studies, including the role of theories, frameworks, models, and reporting guidelines that can be applied to help clarify the clinical and implementation intervention, respectively. Conclusion: Semantics provide opportunities for improved precision in depicting what is 'intervention' and what is 'implementation' in health care research. Further, attention to study design, the use of theory, and adoption of reporting guidelines can assist in distinguishing between the clinical intervention and the implementation intervention. However, certain aspects may remain unclear in analyses of hybrid studies of clinical and implementation interventions. Recognizing this potential greyness can inform further discourse.

  • Srithunyarat, Thanikul
    et al.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Clin Sci, Box 7504, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden.;Khon Kaen Univ, Fac Vet Med, Dept Surg & Theriogenol, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand..
    Hagman, Ragnvi
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Clin Sci, Box 7504, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Höglund, Odd V.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Clin Sci, Box 7504, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Olsson, Ulf
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Unit Appl Stat & Math, Box 7032, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Stridsberg, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Biochemical endocrinology. Uppsala Univ, Dept Med Sci, S-75185 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Jitpean, Supranee
    Khon Kaen Univ, Fac Vet Med, Dept Surg & Theriogenol, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand..
    Lagerstedt, Anne-Sofie
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Clin Sci, Box 7504, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Pettersson, Ann
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Clin Sci, Box 7504, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Catestatin and vasostatin concentrations in healthy dogs2017In: ACTA VETERINARIA SCANDINAVICA, ISSN 0044-605X, Vol. 59, 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The neuroendocrine glycoprotein chromogranin A is a useful biomarker in humans for neuroendocrine tumors and stress. Chromogranin A can be measured in both blood and saliva. The objective of this study was to investigate concentrations of and correlation between the chromogranin A epitopes catestatin and vasostatin in healthy dogs accustomed to the sample collection procedures. Blood and saliva samples were collected from 10 research Beagle dogs twice daily for 5 consecutive days, and from 33 privately-owned blood donor dogs in association with 50 different blood donation occasions. All dogs were familiar with sample collection procedures. During each sampling, stress behavior was scored by the same observer using a visual analog scale (VAS) and serum cortisol concentrations. Catestatin and vasostatin were analyzed using radioimmunoassays for dogs. Results: The dogs showed minimal stress behavior during both saliva sampling and blood sampling as monitored by VAS scores and serum cortisol concentrations. Few and insufficient saliva volumes were obtained and therefore only catestatin could be analyzed. Catestatin concentrations differed significantly and did not correlate significantly with vasostatin concentrations (P < 0.0001). Age, gender, breed, and time of sample collection did not significantly affect concentrations of plasma catestatin, vasostatin, and saliva catestatin. Conclusions: The normal ranges of plasma catestatin (0.53-0.98 nmol/l), vasostatin (0.11-1.30 nmol/l), and saliva catestatin (0.31-1.03 nmol/l) concentrations in healthy dogs accustomed to the sampling procedures were determined. Separate interpretation of the different chromogranin A epitopes from either saliva or plasma is recommended.

  • Wimo, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Research and Development, Gävleborg. Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc NVS, Aging Res Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc NVS, Div Neurogeriatr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Guerchet, Maelenn
    Kings Coll London, Global Observ Ageing & Dementia Care, Inst Psychiat Psychol & Neurosci, Hlth Serv & Populat Res Dept, London, England..
    Ali, Gemma-Claire
    Kings Coll London, Global Observ Ageing & Dementia Care, Inst Psychiat Psychol & Neurosci, Hlth Serv & Populat Res Dept, London, England..
    Wu, Yu-Tzu
    Univ Exeter, Dept Psychol, Coll Life & Environm Sci, REACH, Exeter, Devon, England..
    Prina, A. Matthew
    Kings Coll London, Global Observ Ageing & Dementia Care, Inst Psychiat Psychol & Neurosci, Hlth Serv & Populat Res Dept, London, England..
    Winblad, Bengt
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc NVS, Div Neurogeriatr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Jonsson, Linus
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc NVS, Div Neurogeriatr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Liu, Zhaorui
    Peking Univ, Inst Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Prince, Martin
    Kings Coll London, Global Observ Ageing & Dementia Care, Inst Psychiat Psychol & Neurosci, Hlth Serv & Populat Res Dept, London, England..
    The worldwide costs of dementia 2015 and comparisons with 20102017In: Alzheimer's & Dementia, ISSN 1552-5260, E-ISSN 1552-5279, Vol. 13, no 1, 1-7 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: In 2010, Alzheimer's Disease International presented estimates of the global cost of illness (COI) of dementia. Since then, new studies have been conducted, and the number of people with dementia has increased. Here, we present an update of the global cost estimates. Methods: This is a societal, prevalence-based global COI study. Results: The worldwide costs of dementia were estimated at United States (US) $818 billion in 2015, an increase of 35% since 2010; 86% of the costs occur in high-income countries. Costs of informal care and the direct costs of social care still contribute similar proportions of total costs, whereas the costs in the medical sector are much lower. The threshold of US $1 trillion will be crossed by 2018. Discussion: Worldwide costs of dementia are enormous and still inequitably distributed. The increase in costs arises from increases in numbers of people with dementia and in increases in per person costs.

  • Kullinger, Merit
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Vastmanland Cty Hosp, Clin Res Ctr, Vasteras, Sweden..
    Wesström, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Ctr Clin Res Dalarna, Falun, Sweden..
    Kieler, Helle
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med, Ctr Pharmacoepidemiol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Skalkidou, Alkistis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Maternal and fetal characteristics affect discrepancies between pregnancy-dating methods: a population-based cross-sectional register study2017In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 96, no 1, 86-95 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    IntroductionGestational age is estimated by ultrasound using fetal size as a proxy for age, although variance in early growth affects reliability. The aim of this study was to identify characteristics associated with discrepancies between last menstrual period-based (EDD-LMP) and ultrasound-based (EDD-US) estimated delivery dates. Material and methodsWe identified all singleton births (n=1201679) recorded in the Swedish Medical Birth Register in 1995-2010, to assess the association between maternal/fetal characteristics and large negative and large positive discrepancies (EDD-LMP earlier than EDD-US and 10th percentile in the discrepancy distribution vs. EDD-LMP later than EDD-US and 90th percentile). Analyses were adjusted for age, parity, height, body mass index, smoking, and employment status. ResultsWomen with a body mass index >40kg/m(2) had the highest odds for large negative discrepancies (-9 to -20days) [odds ratio (OR) 2.16, 95% CI 2.01-2.33]. Other factors associated with large negative discrepancies were: diabetes, young maternal age, multiparity, body mass index between 30 and 39.9kg/m(2) or <18.5kg/m(2), a history of gestational diabetes, female fetus, shorter stature (<-1SD), a history of preeclampsia, smoking or snuff use, and unemployment. Large positive discrepancies (+4 to +20days) were associated with male fetus (OR 1.80, 95% CI 1.77-1.83), age 30years, multiparity, not living with a partner, taller stature (>+1 SD), and unemployment. ConclusionsSeveral maternal and fetal characteristics were associated with discrepancies between dating methods. Systematic associations of discrepancies with maternal height, fetal sex, and partly obesity, may reflect an influence on the precision of the ultrasound estimate due to variance in early growth.

  • Kiefer, David
    et al.
    Chalmers, Dept Chem & Chem Engn, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Yu, Liyang
    Chalmers, Dept Chem & Chem Engn, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden.;King Abdullah Univ Sci & Technol KAUST, Phys Sci & Engn Div, Thuwal 239556900, Saudi Arabia.;King Abdullah Univ Sci & Technol KAUST, KAUST Solar Ctr KSC, Thuwal 239556900, Saudi Arabia..
    Fransson, Erik
    Chalmers, Dept Phys, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Gomez, Andres
    Esfera UAB, Inst Ciencia Mat Barcelona, S-08193 Bellaterra, Spain..
    Primetzhofer, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Amassian, Aram
    King Abdullah Univ Sci & Technol KAUST, Phys Sci & Engn Div, Thuwal 239556900, Saudi Arabia.;King Abdullah Univ Sci & Technol KAUST, KAUST Solar Ctr KSC, Thuwal 239556900, Saudi Arabia..
    Campoy-Quiles, Mariano
    Esfera UAB, Inst Ciencia Mat Barcelona, S-08193 Bellaterra, Spain..
    Müller, Christian
    Chalmers, Dept Chem & Chem Engn, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    A Solution-Doped Polymer Semiconductor: Insulator Blend for Thermoelectrics2017In: ADVANCED SCIENCE, ISSN 2198-3844, Vol. 4, no 1, 1600203Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Poly(ethylene oxide) is demonstrated to be a suitable matrix polymer for the solution-doped conjugated polymer poly(3-hexylthiophene). The polarity of the insulator combined with carefully chosen processing conditions permits the fabrication of tens of micrometer- thick films that feature a fine distribution of the F4TCNQ dopant: semiconductor complex. Changes in electrical conductivity from 0.1 to 0.3 S cm(-1) and Seebeck coefficient from 100 to 60 mu V K-1 upon addition of the insulator correlate with an increase in doping efficiency from 20% to 40% for heavily doped ternary blends. An invariant bulk thermal conductivity of about 0.3 W m(-1)K(-1) gives rise to a thermoelectric Figure of merit ZT similar to 10(-4) that remains unaltered for an insulator content of more than 60 wt%. Free-standing, mechanically robust tapes illustrate the versatility of the developed dopant: semiconductor: insulator ternary blends.

  • Urpelainen, Samuli
    et al.
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Sathe, Conny
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Grizolli, Walan
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Agåker, Marcus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics.
    Head, Ashley R.
    Lund Univ, Dept Phys, Div Synchrotron Radiat Res, POB 118, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Andersson, Margit
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Huang, Shih-Wen
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Jensen, Brian N.
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Wallen, Erik
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden.;Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, 1 Cyclotron Rd, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Tarawneh, Hamed
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Sankari, Rami
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Nyholm, Ralf
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Lindberg, Mirjam
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Sjoblom, Peter
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Johansson, Niclas
    Lund Univ, Dept Phys, Div Synchrotron Radiat Res, POB 118, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Reinecke, Benjamin N.
    Lund Univ, Dept Phys, Div Synchrotron Radiat Res, POB 118, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Arman, M. Alif
    Lund Univ, Dept Phys, Div Synchrotron Radiat Res, POB 118, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Merte, Lindsay R.
    Lund Univ, Dept Phys, Div Synchrotron Radiat Res, POB 118, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Knudsen, Jan
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Dept Phys, Div Synchrotron Radiat Res, POB 118, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Schnadt, Joachim
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Dept Phys, Div Synchrotron Radiat Res, POB 118, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Andersen, Jesper N.
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Dept Phys, Div Synchrotron Radiat Res, POB 118, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Hennies, Franz
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    The SPECIES beamline at the MAX IV Laboratory: a facility for soft X-ray RIXS and APXPS2017In: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, ISSN 0909-0495, E-ISSN 1600-5775, Vol. 24, 344-353 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    SPECIES is an undulator-based soft X-ray beamline that replaced the old I511 beamline at the MAX II storage ring. SPECIES is aimed at high-resolution ambient-pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (APXPS), near-edge X-ray absorption fine-structure (NEXAFS), X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) and resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) experiments. The beamline has two branches that use a common elliptically polarizing undulator and monochromator. The beam is switched between the two branches by changing the focusing optics after the monochromator. Both branches have separate exit slits, refocusing optics and dedicated permanent endstations. This allows very fast switching between two types of experiments and offers a unique combination of the surface-sensitive XPS and bulk-sensitive RIXS techniques both in UHV- and at elevated ambient-pressure conditions on a single beamline. Another unique property of the beamline is that it reaches energies down to approximately 27 eV, which is not obtainable on other current APXPS beamlines. This allows, for instance, valence band studies under ambient-pressure conditions. In this article the main properties and performance of the beamline are presented, together with selected showcase experiments performed on the new setup.

  • Olsson, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Does a pint a day affect your child’s pay?: Prenatal alcohol exposure and child outcomes, Evidence from a policy experiment2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis I evaluate the impact of an experiment with free sales of strong beer in two Swedish counties that took place in the 1960s. I do this by studying adult earnings of persons in utero during the experiment. My data includes date and place of birth and allows me to evaluate the impact of the experiment using a difference-in differences methodology, comparing earnings across cohorts and counties. Since the availability of alcohol increased most heavily for persons under the age of 21, and male fetuses are less physiologically robust than female fetuses, I choose to study persons born by mothers younger than 21 separately and also estimate the impact of the experiment separately for men and women. I find that persons born by mothers under the age of 21 during the experiment have lower average earnings than persons born before the experiment, and that the impact is larger on men. My results indicate that the experiment has led to adverse effects on adult earnings, probably caused by the prenatal alcohol exposure’s negative impact on fetal development. This means that alcohol consumption have long-term consequences that represent large costs to society. Since these costs are generally disregarded when evaluating the cost of alcohol consumption, society’s cost of alcohol is probably higher than usually estimated.

  • Peterson, Thage G.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Kyrkan som subjekt i KG Hammars syn på arbetet för fred.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Strömgren, Katarina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Varför klassiskt?: En studie om skönlitteratur på gymnasiet.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka gymnasielärares didaktiska resonemang om att använda klassisk skönlitteratur i undervisningen. Det är till företrädelsevis de didaktiska frågorna varför, vad och hur som undersöks.  Jag vill undersöka hur lärarna tänker kring undervisningen samt vilka ramfaktorer som styr dem i arbetet och i urvalet av klassisk skönlitteratur.  Uppsatsen ämnar också besvara frågan om lärares förhållningssätt till en litterär kanon. Undersökningen grundar sig på fyra stycken lärarintervjuer och har sammanställts och analyserats med analysmetoden bricolage.

       Studiens resultat visar att elever undervisas i klassisk skönlitteratur för att få ett ökat ordförråd men främst för att utveckla en empatisk förmåga och utvecklas som människor. Eleverna ska nå livskunskap via litteratur det vill säga kunskaper genom litteratur och inte om litteratur. Resultaten stämmer in under Svedners idéer om att kunskapssynen har förändrats. Från att tidigare har varit mer fokus på själva litteraturen för att utvecklas till mer fokus att nå livskunskap via litteraturen. Att läsa ur ett allmänbildningsperspektiv anses som en viktig del för att eleverna inte ska bli exkluderade från samhället. Lärarna nämner att deras urval styrs av olika ramfaktorer som tid, ekonomi, utbud och elevernas förkunskaper. Samtliga lärare arbetar både med muntliga och skriftliga uppgifter och nämner att arbetssätt beror på elevgrupp.

       På frågan om lärares förhållningssätt till en gemensam litterär kanon är majoriteten av lärarna tveksam till detta då de anser att läraren bäst kan förmedla ett budskap om de själva är insatta eller tycker om verket. Några säger att det redan finns en slags inofficiell kanon även om styrdokumenten varken tar upp klassiska verk eller författare som ska läsas på gymnasiet. 

  • Bäärnhielm, Arvid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computing Science.
    Multiple time-series forecasting on mobile network data using an RNN-RBM model2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this project is to evaluate the performance of a forecasting model based on a multivariate dataset consisting of time series of traffic characteristic performance data from a mobile network. The forecasting is made using machine learning with a deep neural network. The first part of the project involves the adaption of the model design to fit the dataset and is followed by a number of simulations where the aim is to tune the parameters of the model to give the best performance. The simulations show that with well tuned parameters, the neural network performes better than the baseline model, even when using only a univariate dataset. If a multivariate dataset is used, the neural network outperforms the baseline model even when the dataset is small.

  • Fredin, Sofia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Att anpassa eller bli anpassad?: En kvalitativ studie om lärares och specialpedagogers syn på åtgärdsprogram2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Åtgärdsprogram uppkom i och med att skolan blev mer mål- och resultatinriktad samt att kravet på dokumentation ökade. Åtgärdsprogram ska upprättas framförallt till de elever som, av olika orsaker, riskerar att inte nå skolans mål. Syftet med denna studie är att, utifrån lärares och specialpedagogers perspektiv, undersöka åtgärdsprogrammens effekter för skola, elever och skolpersonal. Centralt för studien är att ta reda vilka åtgärder som är effektiva, vilka effekter åtgärderna har, vilken betydelse åtgärdsprogrammen har för den pedagogiska verksamheten samt om det finns en skillnad mellan specialpedagogers och lärares perspektiv. Den tidigare forskningen som undersökts har främst berört vad som skiljer pedagogik mot specialpedagogik, vilken roll lärarens kunskap och kompetens har för åtgärdsprogrammens effekter, samt på vilket sätt effekterna av åtgärdsprogram och särskilt stöd har för elever. Den teori som används för att tolka och förstå det empiriska materialet är en ansats som skiljer mellan det relationella och kategoriska perspektivet inom specialpedagogiken. Studien har genomförts med hjälp av kvalitativa intervjuer med två lärare och två specialpedagoger. Resultatet visar att åtgärdsprogrammen både verkar ha positiva och negativa effekter för både elever, skolpersonal och skolverksamhet samt att det finns en kunskap bland lärare och specialpedagoger om vad som ska göras men inte alltid hur det ska gå till.

  • Forslund, Elin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Mossberg, Majken
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Styra eller störa?: En kristisk analys av Skolinspektionens helhetsbedömningar2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolinspektionen utför vart tredje år regelbunden tillsyn på landets kommuner och skolor. Syftet med tillsynerna är att skolorna ska utvecklas och främja elevers lärande i en trygg miljö. Denna studie ”Styra eller störa” har granskat helhetsbedömningar från regelbundna tillsyner av kommuner och skolor i syfte att synliggöra eventuella maktrelationer samt vilka eventuella konsekvenser det kan få för lärare. Frågor som besvarades i studien var: 1) Hur åskådliggörs Skolinspektionens styrning i helhetsbedömningarna av skolorna/kommunerna? 2) Vad är centralt i Skolinspektionens helhetsbedömningar och vad brister på skolor och kommuner enligt Skolinspektionen? 3) I vilken mån förekommer i inspektionsrapporterna implicita och explicita krav på åtgärder som påverkar lärares handlingsutrymme? 4) Går det att urskilja vilka kommuner som ligger högt respektive lågt på Lärarförbundets lista i granskningsrapporterna från Skolinspektionen? Studien granskade 36 helhetsbedömningar från Skolinspektionen utifrån en kritisk diskursanalys och kom fram till att Skolinspektionens syfte att förbättra skolor även leder till mer dokumentation hos lärare, rektorer och huvudmän. Dokumentationen gäller främst att skolor och kommuner måste ha ett väl fungerande arbete med det systematiska kvalitetsarbetet. 

  • Public defence: 2017-03-16 09:15 Rudbeck Hall, Uppsala
    Alzrigat, Mohammad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Experimental and Clinical Oncology.
    Targeted Inhibition of Polycomb Repressive Complexes in Multiple Myeloma: Implications for Biology and Therapy2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Multiple myeloma (MM) is a hematological malignancy of antibody producing plasmablasts/plasma cells. MM is characterized by extensive genetic and clonal heterogeneity, which have hampered the attempts to identify a common underlying mechanism for disease establishment and development of appropriate treatment regimes. This thesis is focused on understanding the role of epigenetic regulation of gene expression mediated by the polycomb repressive complexes 1 and 2 (PRC1 and 2) in MM and their impact on disease biology and therapy.

    In paper I the genome-wide distribution of two histone methylation marks; H3K27me3 and H3K4me3 were studied in plasma cells isolated from newly diagnosed MM patients or age-matched normal donors. We were able to define targets of H3K27me3, H3K4me3 and bivalent (carry both marks) which are, when compared to normal individuals, unique to MM patients. The presence of H3K27me3 correlated with silencing of MM unique H3K27me3 targets in MM patients at advanced stages of the disease. Notably, the expression pattern of H3K27me3-marked genes correlated with poor patient survival. We also showed that inhibition of the PRC2 enzymatic subunit EZH2 using highly selective inhibitors (GSK343 and UNC1999) demonstrated anti-myeloma activity using relevant in vitro models of MM. These data suggest an important role for gene repression mediated by PRC2 in MM, and highlights the PRC2 component EZH2 as a potential therapeutic target in MM.

    In paper II we further explored the therapeutic potential of UNC1999, a highly selective inhibitor of EZH2 in MM. We showed that EZH2 inhibition by UNC1999 downregulated important MM oncogenes; IRF-4, XBP-1, BLIMP-1and c-MYC. These oncogenes have been previously shown to be crucial for disease establishment, growth and progression. We found that EZH2 inhibition reactivated the expression of microRNAs genes previously found to be underexpressed in MM and which possess potential tumor suppressor functions. Among the reactivated microRNAs we identified miR-125a-3p and miR-320c as predicted negative regulators of the MM-associated oncogenes. Notably, we defined miR-125a-3p and miR-320c as targets of EZH2 and H3K27me3 in MM cell lines and patients samples.  These findings described for the first time PRC2/EZH2/H3K27me3 as regulators of microRNA with tumor suppressor functions in MM. This further strengthens the oncogenic features of EZH2 and its potential as a therapeutic target in MM.

    In paper III we evaluated the therapeutic potential of targeting PRC1 in MM using the recently developed chemical PTC-209; an inhibitor targeting the BMI-1 subunit of PRC1. Using MM cell lines and primary cells isolated from newly diagnosed or relapsed MM patients, we found that PTC-209 has a potent anti-MM activity. We showed, for the first time in MM, that PTC-209 anti-MM effects were mediated by on-target effects i.e. downregulation of BMI-1 protein and the associated repressive histone mark H2AK119ub, but that other subunits of the PRC1 complex were not affected. We showed that PTC-209 reduced MM cell viability via significant induction of apoptosis. More importantly, we demonstrated that PTC-209 shows synergistic anti-MM activity with other epigenetic inhibitors targeting EZH2 (UNC1999) and BET-bromodomains (JQ1). This work highlights the potential use of BMI-1 and PRC1 as potential therapeutic targets in MM alone or in combination with other anti-MM agents including epigenetic inhibitors.

  • Öhrman, Mikkel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Konstruktion av drivenhet till Veritas: Konstruktionsförslag till drivenhet2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During this project a mechanical design proposal has been developed for the Veritas project at Uppsala University. The Veritas resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) spectrometer aims at becoming a world leading beamline for RIXS in the 275-1500eV range. The instrument is almost 10 meters long and will rotate 120 degrees in the horizontal plane. Usually similar instruments are rotated manually. This project has developed a design proposal that allows the instrument to be rotated to a set angle without the need to manually move the instrument.

    The project started off with a phase of information gathering. It focused mainly on available products and suitable components. The information gathered here was later used to create concepts. To focus the concept generation on the most critical funcionality the challange was divided up into four different problems. Conecpts were generated for each of these problems. By comparing the conecepts against one another the most suitable concepts was merged into a final design proposal during a phas of embodiement design. This resultet in a motorized trolley. The trolley pulls or pushes the instrument around its rotational axis by moving along a rolled stainless steel T-profile. The final design proposal meets the mechanical and finiancial requirements set at the beginning of this project.

  • Edström, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Bildande bokstavssånger: nya bokstavssånger med fokus på bokstavsljud, språkutveckling och fonologisk medvetenhet2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the project described in this report was to create letter songs that increase students' knowledge of letter sounds and contributes to their development of language and phonological awareness, which in turn can support students who are learning to read and write. The songs should be fun to sing, meaningful and invite the students to participate.

    The project was started during my third year at the Primary School Teacher Education Programme at Uppsala University, and during my last and 7 weeks long teaching internship in a preschool class in Uppsala. The project continued for the rest of the semester as a part of my first (of two) Independent Project when I chose to create a pedagogical product.The letter songs are aimed towards students and teachers in preschool class and grade 1, and is meant to complement other language instruction (for example, in accordance with the Bornholm model) and other music instruction.

    In the report I argue that music can (and should) be used in language instruction, and the argument is among other things supported by an overview of studies and research about music and language. The report also contains sheet music and a link to recordings, an analysis of what these songs contributes to existing songs, an description of the product development process and a discussion of the project and resulting songs and lessons learned.

  • Aimard, Axelle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Crack speed in wood fibers composites and PLA2017Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Pettersson, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi.
    Fonologiskt arbetsminne hos döva barn med cochleaimplantat: Hur hör de, och hur gör de?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Being born deaf, or with a moderate-severe hearing loss, means that linguistic and cognitive abilities might develop with an atypical pattern compared to children with normal hearing. With help from technical hearing devices like cochlear implants and/or hearing aids, combined with early intervention and support from caregivers and other people that interacts with the child, there is a good chance that the he or she will develop a well-functioning spoken language. In this study, the phonological working memory capacity of 22 children with cochlear implants, and a control group of 43 children with normal hearing, was investigated.  The usage of semantic strategies in tasks testing the phonological working memory was also examined. The results showed that the group of children with cochlear implants have a less developed phonological working memory in comparison with the children with normal hearing. Phonological working memory in children with cochlear implants was predicted by expressive vocabulary, which in turn was affected by the parent’s highest level of education. When investigating the retrieval strategies that was used, results indicated that children with cochlear implants used more semantic strategies than the group of hearing children. Higher ages at 1st cochlear implantation correlated with higher degree of semantic strategy use. The results regarding the phonological working memory indicated that the involvement and support from the caregivers were essential for the language and cognitive development. Regarding the usage of semantic strategies, the results indicated that children with cochlear implants used more semantic-related than phonological retrieval strategies when the phonological working memory capacity was investigated.

  • Jidling, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Systems and Control.
    Strain Field Modelling using Gaussian Processes2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report deals with reconstruction of strain fields within deformed materials. The method relies upon data generated from Bragg edge measurements, in which information is gained from neutron beams that are sent through the sample. The reconstruction has been made by modelling the strain field as a Gaussian process, assigned a covariance structure customized by incorporation of the so-called equilibrium constraints. By making use of an approximation scheme well suited for the problem, the complexity of the computations has been significantly reduced. The results from numerical simulations indicates a better performance as compared to previous work in this area.

  • Ceréus, Oskar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Beloppsspärren vid förtäckta sakutdelningar: Värderingsmetoderna under rättsekonomisk lupp2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I uppsatsen behandlas valet av värderingsmetod i ABL 17:3 1 st. Främst diskuteras värderingsmetoderna utifrån ett rättsekonomiskt perspektiv. Perspektivet har valts i syfte att undersöka vilken metod som är mest ekonomiskt effektiv för de berörda intressegrupperna, då främst aktieägare och borgenärer. Beloppsspärren har i doktrin ansetts vara så väl en aktieägar- som en borgenärsskyddsregel. Det får därför anses vara relevant att ställa dessa två intressen mot varandra inom ramen för en rättsekonomisk analys av bestämmelsen. Det kan konstateras att aktieägarintresset avseende beloppsspärrens värderingsmetod är rakt motsatt borgenärsintresset. Ingen av värderingsmetoderna skapar således Paretoeffektivitet där båda intressegrupperna gynnas samtidigt. Istället nås slutsatsen att tillämpning av bruttometoden i samband med ABL 17:3 1 st. får anses mest ekonomiskt effektiv, eftersom den uppnår Kaldor-Hicks-effektivitet där de gynnade borgenärerna kan kompensera de missgynnade aktieägarna.