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  • Helle, Valeria
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Negus, Andra-Stefania
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Nyberg, Jakob
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Improving armed conflict prediction using machine learning: ViEWS+2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Our project, ViEWS+, expands the software functionality of the Violence EarlyWarning System (ViEWS). ViEWS aims to predict the probabilities of armed conflicts in the next 36 months using machine learning. Governments and policy-makers may use conflict predictions to decide where to deliver aid and resources, potentially saving lives.

    The predictions use conflict data gathered by ViEWS, which includes variables like past conflicts, child mortality and urban density. The large number of variables raises the need for a selection tool to remove those that are irrelevant for conflict prediction. Before our work, the stakeholders used their experience and some guesswork to pick the variables, and the predictive function with its parameters.

    Our goals were to improve the efficiency, in terms of speed, and correctness of the ViEWS predictions. Three steps were taken. Firstly, we made an automatic variable selection tool. This helps researchers use fewer, more relevant variables, to save time and resources. Secondly, we compared prediction functions, and identified the best for the purpose of predicting conflict. Lastly, we tested how parameter values affect the performance of the chosen functions, so as to produce good predictions but also reduce the execution time.

    The new tools improved both the execution time and the predictive correctness of the system compared to the results obtained prior to our project. It is now nine times faster than before, and its correctness has improved by a factor of three. We believe our work leads to more accurate conflict predictions, and as ViEWS has strong connections to the European Union, we hope that decision makers can benefit from it when trying to prevent conflicts.

  • Matos, Joana
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teologiska fakulteten, Teologiska institutionen.
    International Negotiation Competitions: Benefits and Adaptability to the Humanitarian Sector2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    International negotiation competitions are not a new phenomenon. These competitionshave been growing in popularity worldwide and have several pedagogic benefits forthe participants. Unfortunately, so far have been targeted only to students from the lawor business fields excluding students from other fields, including the humanitarianstudents. These students are likely to follow a career where negotiations play a keyrole, nevertheless, they are not well prepared for it. The purpose of this thesis is toexplore these benefits and the transferability of these competition models to thehumanitarian sector. This thesis, therefore, seeks to answer the research question“What benefits can international negotiation competitions have for participants?” and“Could students in the humanitarian sector benefit from negotiation competitionsadapted to the challenges they are likely to face?”. The study comprises of bothquantitative and qualitative methodological approaches. An analysis of existingliterature was undertaken alongside a pre-study survey to humanitarian students, 15expert interviews and an online survey to participants to negotiation competitions.The thesis presents the opinions of a variety of experts and participants in negotiationcompetitions and reveals several benefits of participation in such events. Thesebenefits include: skill development, multicultural environment, simulation of realemotions, feedback from judges, networking opportunities and promotion of the field.The findings also suggest that the transferability of this model to humanitarian studentscould be not only possible but beneficial, yet some barriers could arise. Explanation ofpossible barriers to this implementation and possible solutions to mitigate them aredisclosed.

  • Höglund, Lovisa
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The European Union and Food Security: A study of how the European Union works with food security within the context of international cooperation and development2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     

    Today a lot of people in the world experience food insecurity. In this paper a qualitative content analysis method has been used in order to answer the following question:

     

    How does the European Union work with food security? More specifically, this paper investigates if the EU´s focus is on strengthening people’s entitlements or on increasing the availability of food, e.g. through increasing the production of food.

     

    This analysis was able to confirm that the 23 European Union projects (within the international cooperation and development context) which were analysed focus their attempts to achieve food security in a variety of different ways. Around half the projects include elements of improving both entitlements and food availability/production, whilst roughly half of the projects aim to improve only one of the above-mentioned elements. It was possible to identify Sen’s entitlement approach in the European Union projects; however, the paper reached the conclusion that although the entitlement approach to achieving food security is clearly very influential in the projects, it is not the only influence present.

  • Hansson, Olivia
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Litteraturvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Det litterära minfältet: Censurdebattens bild av barnlitteraturens funktion i samhället2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • Tengdin, Phoebe
    et al.
    Univ Colorado, Dept Phys, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;Univ Colorado, JILA, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;NIST, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.
    You, Wenjing
    Univ Colorado, Dept Phys, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;Univ Colorado, JILA, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;NIST, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.
    Chen, Cong
    Univ Colorado, Dept Phys, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;Univ Colorado, JILA, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;NIST, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.
    Shi, Xun
    Univ Colorado, Dept Phys, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;Univ Colorado, JILA, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;NIST, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.
    Zusin, Dmitriy
    Univ Colorado, Dept Phys, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;Univ Colorado, JILA, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;NIST, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.
    Zhang, Yingchao
    Univ Colorado, Dept Phys, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;Univ Colorado, JILA, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;NIST, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.
    Gentry, Christian
    Univ Colorado, Dept Phys, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;Univ Colorado, JILA, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;NIST, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.
    Blonsky, Adam
    Univ Colorado, Dept Phys, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;Univ Colorado, JILA, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;NIST, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.
    Keller, Mark
    NIST, 325 Broadway, Boulder, CO 80305 USA.
    Oppeneer, Peter M.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Materialteori.
    Kapteyn, Henry C.
    Univ Colorado, Dept Phys, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;Univ Colorado, JILA, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;NIST, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.
    Tao, Zhensheng
    Univ Colorado, Dept Phys, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;Univ Colorado, JILA, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;NIST, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.
    Murnane, Margaret M.
    Univ Colorado, Dept Phys, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;Univ Colorado, JILA, Boulder, CO 80309 USA;NIST, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.
    Critical behavior within 20 fs drives the out-of-equilibrium laser-induced magnetic phase transition in nickel2018Inngår i: Science Advances, ISSN 0036-8156, E-ISSN 2375-2548, Vol. 4, nr 3, artikkel-id eaap9744Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It has long been known that ferromagnets undergo a phase transition from ferromagnetic to paramagnetic at the Curie temperature, associated with critical phenomena such as a divergence in the heat capacity. A ferromagnet can also be transiently demagnetized by heating it with an ultrafast laser pulse. However, to date, the connection between out-of-equilibrium and equilibrium phase transitions, or how fast the out-of-equilibrium phase transitions can proceed, was not known. By combining time-and angle-resolved photoemission with time-resolved transverse magneto-optical Kerr spectroscopies, we show that the same critical behavior also governs the ultrafast magnetic phase transition in nickel. This is evidenced by several observations. First, we observe a divergence of the transient heat capacity of the electron spin system preceding material demagnetization. Second, when the electron temperature is transiently driven above the Curie temperature, we observe an extremely rapid change in the material response: The spin system absorbs sufficient energy within the first 20 fs to subsequently proceed through the phase transition, whereas demagnetization and the collapse of the exchange splitting occur on much longer, fluence-independent time scales of similar to 176 fs. Third, we find that the transient electron temperature alone dictates the magnetic response. Our results are important because they connect the out-of-equilibrium material behavior to the strongly coupled equilibrium behavior and uncover a new time scale in the process of ultrafast demagnetization.

  • Niklasson, Lovisa
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Oorganisk kemi.
    Characterization of the gas composition inside NiMH batteries during charge using GC-MS2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the project was to develop a method to measure and studythe degree of activation of the negative electrode (MH) in a NiMH battery.This was done by characterization of the gases produced during charge of a battery – O2 and H2 – using a Gas Chromatograph. The current applied in the very first charge of the battery was varied in order to examine how this affects the gas evolution. In the developed method, batteries were charged to 8Ah with 9A, after which a gas sample was taken and analyzed with Gas Chromatography. An additional goal was to use the method to examine the difference in activation between virgin and recycled negative electrode material. A module charged stepwise with 0.07C followed by 0.2C had the lowest share of H2 after two cycles, indicated best activation. However, a higher amount of H2 in the beginning of the activation process could possibly enhance the degree of activation during the following cycles. The method indicated that the module with recycled MH was better activated than the virgin MH. To improve the technique, repeated measurements to get better statistics should be done. Gas samples should be taken at dV/dt=0 in order to take samples at same SoC. The charge current should be adjusted so that the same C rate is always used. This would make the results easier to interpret.

  • Nygren, Cecilia
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    "Först rättar jag till luggen": Nioåringars berättelser om sina literacypraktiker2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Syftet med denna studie är att ta del av och göra en analys av tio elevers berättelser om sina literacypraktiker. Den teoretiska ingången i studien är ett sociokulturellt perspektiv vilket medför en förståelse av lärande som något som människan gör i samspel med andra i olika sociala, materiella och kulturella kontexter (Säljö, 2014a). Utifrån denna förståelse syftar undersökningen till att närmare undersöka specifika aspekter av goda läsares literacypraktiker, samt hur dessa kan förstås i relation till olika sociala, materiella och kulturella kontexter i barnens liv. Studien är av kvalitativ ansats och utgår från djupintervjuer genomförda med tio elever bedömda att ha en god läsförståelse. Elevernas medverkan baseras på resultat från både muntliga och skriftliga normerade test (Lundberg, 2001; Järpsten & Taube, 2010; Skolverket, 2015). Av det huvudsakliga resultatet framgår att samtliga elever använder sig av både medvetna och omedvetna literacypraktiker. Till de medvetna literacypraktikerna hör att läsa långsamt, läsa om ord och innehållet i texten samt att utgå från bilderna. De omedvetna literacypraktikerna är att skapa inre bilder, koppla texten till egna erfarenheter, leva sig in i karaktären samt omvandla text till rörliga bilder. Av studien framgår också att föräldrarna kommunicerar ett engagerat förhållningssätt till skolan och skolkunskaper. Detta görs i form av andra läroböcker som föräldrarna förser sina barn med vilket även visar sig i gemensamma utmaningar i olika skolämnen samt läsprojekt i form av bokklubbar.   

     

    Nyckelord: Literacypraktiker, family literacy, årskurs 3, läsförståelse, goda läsare 

  • Mohlin, Camilla
    et al.
    Linnaeus Univ, Linnaeus Ctr Biomat Chem, Fac Hlth & Life Sci, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Sandholm, Kerstin
    Linnaeus Univ, Linnaeus Ctr Biomat Chem, Fac Hlth & Life Sci, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Kvanta, Anders
    Karolinska Inst, St Erik Eye Hosp, Sect Ophthalmol & Vis, Dept Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nilsson Ekdahl, Kristina
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk immunologi. Linnaeus Univ, Linnaeus Ctr Biomat Chem, Fac Hlth & Life Sci, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Johansson, Kjell
    Orebro Univ, Sch Med Sci, Orebro, Sweden.
    A model to study complement involvement in experimental retinal degeneration2018Inngår i: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences, ISSN 0300-9734, E-ISSN 2000-1967, Vol. 123, nr 1, s. 28-42Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The complement system (CS) plays a role in the pathogenesis of a number of ocular diseases, including diabetic retinopathy (DR), glaucoma, uveitis, and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Given that many of the complex eye-related degenerative diseases have limited treatment opportunities, we aimed to mimic the in vivo retinal degenerative process by developing a relevant co-culture system.

    Method and materials: The adult porcine retina was co-cultured with the spontaneously arising human retinal pigment epithelial cells-19 (ARPE-19).

    Results: Inflammatory activity was found after culture and included migrating microglial cells, gliosis, cell death, and CS activation (demonstrated by a minor increase in the secreted anaphylotoxin C3a in co-culture). CS components, including C1q, C3, C4, soluble C5b-9, and the C5a receptor, were expressed in the retina and/or ARPE cells after culture. C1q, C3, and CS regulators such as C4 binding protein (C4BP), factor H (CFH), and factor I (CFI) were secreted after culture.

    Discussion: Thus, our research indicates that this co-culturing system may be useful for investigations of the CS and its involvement in experimental neurodegenerative diseases.

  • Johansson, Johanna
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Matematiska institutionen.
    Räcker läroboken till?: – en jämförande innehållsanalys av gymnasieskolansmatematikläromedel2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • Waara, Einar
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Matematiska institutionen, Analys och sannolikhetsteori.
    Gauss and Jacobi Sums and the Congruence Zeta Function2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • Stroiński, Mateusz
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Matematiska institutionen, Algebra och geometri.
    Homological Algebra for Quiver Representations2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • Gestsson, Einar Bessi
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Mineralogi, petrologi och tektonik.
    Geothermal Potential of Sub-Volcanic Intrusions in a Typical Caldera Setting2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Sub-volcanic intrusions can form an extensive network of sills, dikes and other intrusion types that make up a plumbing system beneath volcanoes. Such intrusions are the heat source for high-temperature geothermal systems in volcanic areas and therefore, it is of great importance to study them in relation to geothermal exploration and production. In this thesis a part of the plumbing system of Breiðuvík caldera, an eroded central volcano in northeastern Iceland, is studied. A set of magmatic intrusions showing a great range in size and shapes, is exposed in Leirfjall, a mountain composed of the eroded caldera infill of the Breiðuvík volcanic system. Data from these intrusions and their host rock is used as the foundation for numerical modeling using finite element method (FEM) constructed in this thesis. The numerical modeling assumes heat transfer in porous media including conduction and convection where fluid flow is governed by the Darcy‘s law. The aims of it is to compare the cooling times of different intrusions and the temperature distribution caused by intrusions of different sizes and shapes. To obtain input parameters for the numerical modeling, a thermometry study based on the mineral chemistry of the magmatic intrusions in Leirfjall is conducted and the thermal and physical properties of the sedimentary host rock are estimated, while literature values are used for basaltic lava and hyaloclastite host rocks for comparison. The results of the numerical modeling suggest that higher maximum values of increased temperature are reached above one thick intrusions compared to multiple thinner intrusions. When comparing dikes and sills, the dikes raise the maximum temperature of the host rock more than the sills, while the sills raise the average temperature above the intrusions more than dikes. Results of the estimated heat transfer from an arrangement of intrusions similar to what is observed in Leirfjall suggests that a significant increase in maximum increased temperature caused by the intrusions would be short-lived, while the average increase would still be constant over a longer time. Despite of the simplified structure of the numerical models it is the hope that they will provide inspiring data for further research and contribute to a better understanding of the relationship between the shallow magmatic intrusions and geothermal systems.

  • Mattsson, Tobias
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Matematiska institutionen, Analys och sannolikhetsteori.
    Abstract Harmonic Analysis on Locally Compact Abelian Groups2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • Linder, Monika
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Matematiska institutionen.
    Vilka språkliga svårigheter upplever nyanlända elever i matematikundervisningen?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • Wallén, Maja
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Matematiska institutionen.
    Sannolikhet och statistik: förekomst och presentation i gymnasieskolans matematik2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • Lindqvist, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Viksell, Mikaela
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Kunskap,frågor och svar om egenvårdsråd gällande kost till patienter med kolorektal cancersjukdom: En intervjustudie med sjuksköterskor på kirurgisk vårdavdelning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Aktuell forskning lyfter kostens betydelse för tillfrisknande vid kolorektal cancersjukdom och föreslår kostbehandling som ett kompletterande behandlingsalternativ. Trots detta finns osäkerhet hos både patienter och sjuksköterskor om egenvårdsråd gällande kost vid utskrivning från kirurgisk vårdavdelning. Syfte: Syftet var att, från ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv, beskriva vilka egenvårdsråd om kost patienter som behandlas för kolorektal cancersjukdom efterfrågar och får inför utskrivning från kirurgisk vårdavdelning. Ett annat syfte var att beskriva vilken kunskap sjuksköterskor har för att ge egenvårdsråd om kost. Metodbeskrivning: En deskriptiv kvalitativ intervjustudie med semistrukturerade intervjuer med sjuksköterskor (n=11) på kirurgisk vårdavdelning genomfördes. Konventionell innehållsanalys användes vid dataanalys. Huvudresultat: En vanligt förekommande fråga från patienter med kolorektal cancersjukdom var om något i kosten bör uteslutas relaterat till diagnos. Patienterna rekommenderades att återgå till normal kosthållning och uppmanades att anpassa intaget efter tarmfunktion. Sjuksköterskornas rekommendationer baserades ofta på vilka frågor patienterna själva ställde. Gällande sjuksköterskors kunskap om egenvårdsråd om kost beskriver sjuksköterskorna ett ökat kunskapsbehov. Sjuksköterskorna hänvisade till andra professioner vid kostrådgivning samt en avsaknad av rutin för kostrådgivning framkom. Slutsats: Vaga och generella egenvårdsråd om kost till patienter med kolorektal cancersjukdom har identifierats. Sjuksköterskor tenderar att lämna över ansvar om kostråd till andra professioner och rutinerna för hur egenvårdsråd om kost skall ges är oklara, vilket bidrar till att en evidensbaserad kirurgisk omvårdnad inte uppnås. Ett angeläget behov finns således för rutinutveckling och förbättrad kunskap i ämnet hos sjuksköterskor, för att säkerställa att patienter får ta del av viktig information för tillfrisknande och att förutsättningar för en god egenvård skapas.

  • Uiterwijk Winkel, Siena
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    THE ROLE OF SECURITY IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS TO PREVENT CHILD RECRUITMENT: A QUANTITATIVE STUDY ON COLOMBIA2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    A relatively new academic field, a highly increasing phenomenon: the recruitment of children in armed groups. Previous research has highlighted the importance of education in the prevention of child recruitment. However, I argue that the already established negative relationship between education and child recruitment is incomplete as education can also positively affect child recruitment. Therefore, it is important to look under which circumstances education decreases the likelihood of child recruitment. No previous research has systematically introduced a theory of the security field into the educational research field while explaining the phenomena of child recruitment. This thesis argues that the security provision in an educational institution is of importance, as a safe learning space can prevent child recruitment through deterrence and empowerment. Using data on Colombian municipalities in 2016, this research aims to statistically investigate the role of security in an educational institution in decreasing the likelihood of child recruitment. This thesis finds that when controlling for displacement, presence of armed groups, poverty, population and rurality, the unexpected outcome that the presence of safe learning spaces, measured through boarding schools, is positively correlated with child recruitment.

  • Asklöf, Lovisa
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Gender Training of Peace Support Operation Personnel: An Effective Tool to Reach Increased Knowledge Levels and Attitudinal Change?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

      This study aims to answer the question of how pre-deployment gender training affects knowledge and attitudes regarding gender in the mission area among military personnel in peace support operations (PSOs). A common explanation to why attitude change occurs is through the introduction of new information. It is hypothesized that gender training leads to increased knowledge levels and more positive attitudes towards gender mainstreaming in PSOs. Unique longitudinal data is collected through a survey conducted among participants of a gender training session in the Swedish Armed Forces. The theory is tested through difference in means test of the participants test scores on knowledge and attitudes as well as a list experiment included in the survey. The study finds a substantial effect on change in knowledge levels and marginal support for attitude change due to the training. However, the result of the list experiment questions suggests that the marginal support on attitude change could in part be due to social desirability bias. The study concludes that increased attention needs to be placed on integration of gender perspectives into the general training and everyday service of peace support operation personnel. 

  • Sköndal, Ylva
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Inclusion, influence and increased durability of peace: Civil society organizations in peace negotiations2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to investigate why inclusion of civil society actors in peace processes leads to more durable peace in some cases while not in others. It argues that the influence, rather than inclusion, of civil society organizations (CSOs) explains this variation. It is hypothesized that when CSOs have influence in peace negotiations, peace is more likely to be durable, as well as when a wide range of CSOs have influence in peace negotiations, peace is more likely to be durable. This is explored through a structured focused comparison between the peace processes leading up to peace agreements in Sierra Leone in 1996, the DRC in 2002, the Ivory Coast in 2003 and Liberia in 2003. The empirical findings lend support to the hypotheses and point in the direction of influence of CSOs in peace processes being of importance for the durability of peace. Certain evidence suggesting legitimacy being the causal mechanism is found. However, the empirical analysis also points towards other factors being potential alternative explanations such as war fatigue and sequencing of the process. The suggestive findings and the potential alternative explanations should be investigated further in order to increase the chances of durable peace.

  • Fava, Alessandro
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Ballots and bullets: Elections and violence against civilians in Colombia2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Non-combatants, even though they not participate directly in a conflict, are often targeted by armed groups. This study seeks to answer to the question why some areas are more affected by violence against civilians than others. Considering their importance in the contemporary world, electoral processes are used to explain the patterns of civilians’ victimization. This study focuses on irregular civil wars as the effects of elections on the distribution of violence against civilians in those wars is particularly understudied. Elections provide crucial information to armed groups about the preferences of the local population and therefore also the presence of potential collaborators or enemies. In addition, local political elites have incentives to favour or curb the violence against civilians, according to their electoral strength in a specific area. The thesis tests the implication with a quantitative study in the case of Colombia by analysing the long- and short-term effects of electoral results on the distribution of violence. Contrary to conventional civil wars, the findings suggest that civilians living in political strongholds in irregular civil wars, areas where a political party has strong support, are more likely to be targeted. 

  • Szy, Paula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Back to the Roots: How Traditional Justice Processes Heal Collective Trauma after Conflict2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In recent times traditional justice processes have become increasingly adapted to serve as transitional justice tools in post-conflict societies. The healing potential of traditional justice is becoming more recognized, nevertheless there is still little known about its impact on collective trauma and especially about the causal mechanisms behind it. To contribute to this research field, this study is guided by the following research question: Why do some traditional justice processes generate the healing of collective trauma after conflict more than others?The developed theoretical framework argues that bottom-up, locally-led traditional justice processes foster voluntary community engagement which enhances collective trauma healing. Top-down, institutionalized processes, on the other hand, are theorized to produce involuntary contact which leads to lower levels of collective healing. It is thus hypothesized that locally-led traditional justice processes are more likely to generate healing of collective trauma than institutionalized traditional justice processes. An in-depth comparative case study which uses Structured Focused Comparison, analyzes the Rwandan Gacaca trials and the traditional justice processes in Acholiland. The empirical findings lend support to the hypothesis and provide modest support to the proposed causal mechanism.

  • Engström, Jakob
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Markstedt, Helena
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Arbetsmiljö i relation till könsfördelning i byggproduktion2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    There are presently a number of projects that aim to minimize the number of work related accidents on construction sites in Sweden. The industry has one of the highest number of accidents as well as the highest number of work related deaths. What causes these accidents varies and there are several action plans to overcome them. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate whether and, if so,how the social culture of construction sites could benefit from a more even gender distribution and how the number of work related accidents could be affected. The survey consists mainly of interviews. A literature studie and a poll have been conducted with the purpose of gaining background information as well as making more general conclusions regarding construction sites. The result shows that the employees who participated in thesurvey agree there is a macho culture on construction sites. However, whether or not this is a problem there are shared opinions. A majority of the employees, on the other hand, experience a difference in security mentality depending on gender, and by extension that the safety culture in the workplace would change if a more even gender distribution existed. Finally, further examination is recommended in the form of amore extensive interview study comprising of several projects.This study would generate a more detailed comparison and providea broader view of how the current situation stands. A statistical comparison of work related accidents would also be of interestas it would more clearly demonstrate any differences between projects with different gender segregation.

  • Woonink, Aron
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    From perceptions to hostilities: An experimental study of realistic and symbolic threats2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, I will argue that the role different types of perceived threat play is fundamental for how people can become more hostile or violent. Scholars have previously studied how threat perceptions can lead to outgroup hostilities and violent attitudes. Sometimes they have distinguished between realistic threats, those pertaining to wellbeing, safety and economic resources, and symbolic threats, related to culture, identity and values. Yet, despite previous research, systematic experimental evidence is scarce. Therefore, this thesis has attempted to answer the question of how realistic and symbolic threat perceptions affect outgroup hostilities through a novel survey-experimental design (n = 97) making use of Amazon’s MTurk for recruitment. It found that those exposed to a realistically framed threat exhibit more pragmatist attitudes, whereas those exposed to a symbolically framed threat leaned towards more vicious responses, although these latter results lacked statistical significance. This thesis found no difference in violent attitudes for these two types of perceived threat. These findings are important as they teach us how people can become more hostile, and how we can be aware of how actors, such as politicians, can use threat framing to achieve certain objectives.

  • Rogner, Sam
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Too Many Cooks Spoil the Broth?: Burden Sharing and Effectiveness in Peacekeeping Operations2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the effect of burden sharing in peacekeeping operations (both among contingent troops and in the entirety of the mission) and effectiveness, specifically whether a party chooses to renege on a peace agreement. The author hypothesizes that burden sharing will make it less likely that a party reneges on a peace agreement. The theoretical argument made in the paper is that burden sharing will help in solving the commitment problem inherent to peace agreements, by signaling to the combatants that the peacekeeping mission is there to stay (and won’t be vulnerable to a potential withdrawal from an important contributor), as well as signaling that there is international support for punishing measures against a party who would renege on the agreement. The paper examines all peacekeeping missions that deployed following a peace agreement between 1992-2016 using data on peacekeeping contributions from the United Nations. The hypotheses will however not be supported by the empirics. In fact there is limited evidence for burden sharing among contingent troops to increase the likelihood that a party chooses to renege on a peace agreement, while burden sharing among all personnel (military and civilian) have no effect on the matter.

  • Sjöstedt, Oskar
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Coerced Concessions:: Does Government Mass Killing of Civilians Affect Rebel Groups’ War Aims?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    A government’s choice to kill civilians on a massive scale in civil wars has long been a puzzling phenomenon. Although the scholarly discussion on the motives behind such actions has been growing in the last decades, the understanding of the impact of mass killings is still limited. This thesis aspires to contribute to the understanding of the consequences of civilian victimization by asking “How does government mass killing of civilians affect military power-sharing in peace agreements?”. The hypothesis predicts that governments can use mass killing of civilians to indirectly pressure rebels to concede on their war aims and sign a peace agreement in order to stop the civilian victimization. The focus is on rebels’ war aims concerning military power-sharing, and to what degree the mass killing can lower the rebels’ demands on this aspect. Eight peace agreements have been selected, where four of them had government mass killing and the other four did not. This is to ensure variation on the independent variable. This thesis uses a structured focus comparison of the eight civil war peace agreements to test the hypothesis. The empirical results do not confirm the hypothesis, as no correlation is seen between the relationship of interest, rather, it contradicts it slightly.

  • Rutten, Rik
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    A Licence to Kill? Ideology and civilian victimisation in Northern Ireland2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Ideology matters. The return of this insight to the study of civil war has sparked a new line of literature. Drawing on its insights, I argue that ideology can affect civilian victimisation in two ways. The first is the adoption by armed groups of exclusionary frames that justify the killing of civilians; the second is the need of armed groups for civilian approval – what I call ideological licence – from their home constituencies.Civilian victimisation is expected to peak in places where exclusionary group frames and civilian attitudes are dominant. For the empirical analysis, I turn to The Troubles, the thirty year-long armed conflict between Northern Ireland’s Catholic and Protestant communities. I construct a novel dataset using ideological attitudes, based on a pre-conflict survey among over 1200 respondents across Northern Ireland, and new, detailed casualty data on more than 2700 conflict-related fatalities. Although Catholics were the most lethal side in the conflict, I find that the Protestant community is significantly more likely to kill civilians. This finding is driven by national differences between Catholics and Protestants. Subnational differences in civilian attitudes are found to be less relevant.

  • Hammarström, Anne
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap.
    Hensing, Gunnel
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Sect Social Med, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    How gender theories are used in contemporary public health research2018Inngår i: International Journal for Equity in Health, ISSN 1475-9276, E-ISSN 1475-9276, Vol. 17, artikkel-id 34Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Public health research often focuses on gender differences within certain diagnoses, but so far research has failed to explain these differences in a satisfactory way. Theoretical development could be one prerequisite for moving beyond categorical thinking. The aim of this paper was to analyse how gender theories have been used in public health research in relation to various methodological approaches. Method: Six special issues of gender research with public health relevance (comprising 33 papers in total) were identified from a search of PubMed and Web of Science, spanning a 10-year period. The papers were analysed inductively through posing questions to the text. Results: Gender theories were used in eight different ways: 1. to test hypotheses, 2. integrate theories, 3. develop gender concepts and models, 4. interpret findings, 5. understand health problems, 6. illustrate the validity of other theories, 7. integrated into a gender blind theory, as well as to 8. critique of other gender theories. The strategies applied seemed independent of the health aspects of the papers. However, the methodologies were of importance, indicating that both theoretical papers and papers using qualitative methodologies used almost all available strategies, while papers using quantitative empirical research used a limited number of strategies. Conclusions: This study contributes to identifying how gender theories are used in contemporary public health research, which can help researchers move beyond a categorical understanding of gender in health research.

  • Juhlin, Stina
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Tillämpad materialvetenskap.
    Evaulation of liquid-exfoliatedgraphene as additive in Ag-basedsliding contacts2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis work is performed at ABB Corporate Research Center inVästerås. The aim of this study is to investigate Ag:graphene composites as slidingelectrical contacts, suitable for use in e.g. tap-changers. Three different graphenematerials, all produced by a low-cost exfoliation process, are evaluated in this study. The results are compred to an ongoing work on Ag:GO (graphene oxide) composites. This material has shown very good tribological properties, however it hasbeen difficult to handle during sintering processing. The goal of this study is to geteven better tribological, electrical and mechanical properties than Ag:GO, and also todevelop a new powder-metallurgical method to produce the Ag:graphene composites.The study also investigates the influence of graphene flake size and concentration aswell as microstructure of the Ag:graphene composites. This report focuses on aninvestigation of the graphene raw material quality from the suppliers, and friction,wear and resistance analysis of the composites. This is done by using Ramanspectroscopy, SEM with EDS, LOM, tribometer tests and resistivity analysis.

    Raman and SEM analyses show that none of the supplied LEG materials are ofhigh-quality G (single or bilayer), but rather multi-layer graphene or even graphite.Small amounts of graphene added to Ag gave extremly low friction (μ<0.2 vs. pureAg μ~1.3, 5 N load and 5 cm/s speed). The composite manufacturing process hadcritical steps, which have to be optimized, to obtain low values of friction. Severedegassing of the composites was observed for some sampes, but the samples stillmaintained good friction values. SEM and EDS analyses of 2dfab’s wear track show abuild-up thin carbon-containing tribofilm on the Ag surface. Indicating that G ispresent, and works as a lubricant, creating good tribological properties. The resultsfrom this project may for sure be of importance for future ABB products in specificindustrial applications.

  • Andersson, Joakim
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Jeppsson, Viggo
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Världsbäst i digitalisering?: En explorativ fallstudie om den pågående digitaliseringsprocessen av den svenska skolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish society is constantly evolving and growing into higher levels of digitalisation. The school system plays an important part in creating a nationwide competence regarding the proper use of digital tools, by growing alongside the society as a whole. In the spring of 2017 the Swedish government issued a public document called the national strategy of digitalization, which defines certain goals for the school system to achieve. The Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (SKL) is in the process of developing a plan of action, which is to be a document used for guiding people working within the school system towards reaching the goals within the national strategy of digitalization. A few initial changes have now been made to the general curriculum and it has raised several questions, regarding the good, bad or even unmanageable consequences that such changes will lead to. This study aims to look into the ongoing discussion and define specific areas of future research. A number of key actors with different roles within and in relation to the school system have been interviewed. Among the results is a model depicting several major actors within the digitalization process and how they relate to each other. The theoretical framework TPACK is used to analyze and discuss the complexity of a general level of competence that is required of teachers working within a digitalized school system. Two areas of future research have been defined: (1) Continuous study and evaluation of the action plan; (2) Proper use and integration of digital study material.

  • Westerlind, Rickard
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Langelaar, Joakim
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Faktorer för användningen av automatiserade fordon2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Tekniska innovationer förknippas alltmer med modernt, utvecklade IT-komponenter i dagens samhällsutveckling. Detta framträder framförallt inom fordonsindustrin där självkörande/automatiserade fordon tagit ett rejält språng på den globala fordonsmarknaden. Automatiserade fordon anses av många som framtidens teknik inom områden som framförallt berör kollektivtrafik och varutransporter, men visionen om en helt automatiserad trafik lämnas inte oberörd. Men då ny, främmande teknologi även kan ses som avskräckande för gemene man - vad krävs då för att ändra på detta synsätt? Hur kan det säkerställas att tekniska innovationer såsom automatiserade fordon accepteras av allmänheten och används i praktiken? Dessa är frågor som legat till grund för föreliggande rapport som syftat till att presentera en studie som undersöker vilka faktorer som har en inverkan på användningen av automatiserade fordon. Detta har genomförts genom en omfattande litteratursökning av tidigare och aktuell forskning inom ämnet, samt intervjuer och enkätundersökningar för att ta del av synpunkter och erfarenheter från befintliga användare av automatiserad teknologi. Forskningen har resulterat i en kunskapsprodukt som utgörs av en tabell innehållandes ovan nämnda faktorer med en kort beskrivning, typ av faktor, samt en motivering till varför de bedömts till att ha en inverkan på användningen av automatiserade fordon. Tabellen har därtill kompletterats av en relationsmodell som beskriver hur faktorer samverkar och är beroende av varandra. Resultatet ska med förhoppningar kunna användas som stöd till framtida studier och forskningsprojekt, samt ge inspiration till företag och organisationer som bedriver verksamhet med koppling till automatiserade fordon och dess användning.

  • Lundström, Fredrik
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media, Informationssystem.
    Sandberg, Sofia
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media, Informationssystem.
    Effektiviteten av rekommendationssystems olika filtreringstekniker: En strukturerad litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Mängden data som transporteras över Internet idag är stor. Vilket innebär att det finns ett överflöd av information och ett behov för att urskilja relevant innehåll mot irrelevant. För att uppnå detta används rekommendationssystem som i sin tur använder olika filtreringstekniker. Det finns tre huvudtyper av tekniker, innehållsbaserad kollaborativ filtrering och hybrid tekniker. Syftet med studien är att jämföra olika filtreringstekniker och undersöka hur teknikerna förhåller sig till träffsäkerhet mot testset, beräkningsbelasning och användarnöjdhet. För att genomföra detta på ett nyanserat sätt har en strukturerad litteraturstudie genomförts där sju olika steg för inhämtning och analys av dokument gjorts. En kvalitativ metanalys genomfördes på de 28 utvalda tidskriftsartiklarna. IFT rekommendationssystem var den rekommendationsteknik som anses minst effektiv utifrån den definition som studien utgått från. KFT och hybrid rekommendationssystem är de som är mest effektiva enligt denna studie. Hybrid system kan ta vara på fördelar från alla andra tekniker och kan synergiskt också motverka vissa av teknikernas förknippade brister, mot kostnaden av att implementations-komplexiteten ökar.

  • Billman, Astrid
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Dyrhage, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Dataskyddsförordningens införande: Hur organisationer förhåller sig till dataskyddsförordningen, riskbedömning och efterlevnad2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    On May 25 2018, the General Data Protection Regulation from EU was introduced, which aims to protect individual fundamental rights and freedoms, in particular their right to protection of personal data. The data protection regulation replaces the EU's previous data protection directive and will help prevent the flow of data within the Union being hindered, as the data protection ordinance will apply to all members of EU. This case study aims to gaining an understanding of how different organisations’ risk management against the data protection regulation looks, and whether it will lead to compliance or not. Four Swedish organisations have been studied, presented, and then analysed based on a theoretical framework, designed after the different parts of a general risk management process. The study is of qualitative form and data have been collected through both semi structured and structured interviews. The data protection regulation was not yet implemented during the course of this study, and it was during this time that all parts were designed and the information was collected. The study concludes that the organizations will not be completely compliant against the data protection regulation, which has a number of reasons: They do not take the regulation seriously, they are wrongly doing the change which lengthens the processes, and they delay their compliance due to greater economic profit.

  • Wallman, Daniel
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Sandström, Viktor
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Parprogrammering och kommunikation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Parprogrammering (PP) är en utvecklingsmetod där två personer delar en dator och arbetar sida vid sida. I denna uppsats undersöks vilka effekter PP innebär för verksamheten och vilka framgångsfaktorer som främjar PP. Dessutom undersöks hur kommunikation bör utövas i samband med PP. Det teoretiska ramverket som ligger till grund för undersökningen är sammansatt av tidigare forskning om PP och psykologisk teori om kommunikation. Detta undersöks med en kvalitativ metod med material från fem gruppintervjuer. Utvalda respondenter kommer från företag som aktivt använder agil utveckling och PP. Undersökningen finner att en mängd av den tidigare forskningens effekter, framgångsfaktorer och riktlinjer kan bekräftas samtidigt som flera nya upptäcks. Undersökningen bekräftar bland annat att det råder oenighet kring huruvida PP leder till kortare utvecklingstid, att god kommunikation är en central del av PP och att självständiga team är främjande för PP. Vidare följer en diskussion om författarnas tankar kring samtida användning av PP.

  • Buftic, Alexandru
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Karafylloudis, Dimitrios
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Hardwiring sustainability into business practice through the use of management controls: A case study of Solvay Group2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This is an exploration into how large companies, well placed in the sustainability field, embed sustainability in their corporate practice through the use of management controls. This was investigated empirically based on a case study of Solvay S.A. The framework by Crutzen et al. (2017), with its pattern approach to sustainability management controls, was employed in this study as a theoretical lens and as a tool for the evaluation of data output. Evidence indicates systemic and systematic deployment of formal management controls to direct the sustainability performance within the Group.  Such technocratic institutionalization of sustainability through formal controls is topped by the application of informal cultural controls, concrete signals of which were identified in relation to sustainability. The paper concludes that the researched Group deploys a full package of formal and informal management control mechanisms for sustainability.

  • Wesström, Axel
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Gustafsson, Pontus
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Gör det själv!: En flerfallsstudie över skapandet av e-handelssidor med hjälp av e-handelsplattformar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle flyttar allt fler tjänster online, något som människor idag kommit att förvänta sig. E-handel är inget undantag till detta. Intäkter från e-handel har ökat stadigt på senare år och blivit en allt större del av handelns intäkter överlag. Av denna anledning kan man anta att återförsäljare av alla storlekar skulle tjäna på att investera i närvaro på internet. Att skapa en ny e-handelssida kan dock vara svårt, speciellt om man inte har tiden, kunnigheten eller pengarna som krävs för att utveckla, eller anlita någon att utveckla, en ehandelssida från grunden. Att använda sig av en så kallad e-handelsplattform vars syfte är att man lätt och billigt kan starta en e-handelssida utan vidare teknisk kompetens ser därför ut som en enkel lösning på problemen. Syftet med denna uppsats var att undersöka om dessa plattformar lämpar sig för att skapa en högkvalitativ e-handelssida utan att användaren behöver sätta sig in i koden, samt hur lätt detta var att göra. Specifikt har två plattformar undersökts, Shopify och Textalk, huvudsakligen genom observationer och intervjuer. Slutsatsen som dras från detta arbete är att det är de mest grundläggande beståndsdelarna i en e-handelssida som är lättast att skapa med plattformarna. Specifika krav på exakt hur ehandelssidan som skapas ska se ut blir svårare att uppfylla med Textalk och Shopify då användarens kontroll över utseendet är begränsad om användaren inte skriver eller redigerar källkod. Dessa begränsade möjligheter är eventuellt resultatet av en kompromiss mellan användarvänlighet och valmöjligheter för anpassning av e-handelssidan.

  • Englund, Andreas
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media, Informationssystem.
    Stensfelt, Johannes
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media, Informationssystem.
    Att kommunicera över nationella gränser: En fallstudie om hur Scrum-lag kan överkomma utmaningar med den interna kommunikationen inom globalt distribuerad agil utveckling2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
  • Östergren, Jonathan
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media, Informationssystem.
    Litsesiö, Daniel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media, Informationssystem.
    Adoptionen av mobila betalningssätt i Sverige2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Betalningar med kontanter minskar i Sverige samtidigt som kontaktlösa betalningssätt och mobila betalningsapplikationer ökar. 2017 var första året då användandet av mobila betalningssätt används mer än kontanter, samtidigt som många inte hade några kontanter på sig i vardagen. Lanseringen utav NFC/RFID baserade mobila betalningssätt under 2017 så som Samsung och Apple Pay kan vara nästa steg mot ett kontantlöst samhälle. Men med redan utformade och populära betalningsalternativ som Swish och kontaktlösa kreditkort kan lanseringen utav dessa mobila betalningssätt skilja sig gentemot de som observerats i andra europeiska länder. Det finns en avsaknad av forskning om hur svenska användare ställer sig till mobila betalningssätt och vilka faktorer som influerar deras beslut. Undersökningen ämnar utvärdera vilka faktorer som influerar svenska användare och vilka faktorer som påverkar en potentiell adoptionen av tekniken. Studien har bedrivits på ett kvalitativt sätt och empiri har hämtats från fyra semistrukturerade-intervjuer med svenska icke-användare av tekniken. Analysen bedrevs utifrån Rogers innovationsspridning teori (IDT). De 9 faktorer som influerade användarna var okunskap, nytta, enkelhet, stödjande infrastruktur, säkerheter och risk, personlig integritet, förtroende, sociala influenser och alternativa betalningssätt. Dessa influerar den potentiella adoptionen på positiva och negativa vis. Kompatibilitet, komplexitet och kommunikationskanaler identifierades som mestadels positiva för en potentiell adoption medan relativ fördel, testbarhet och observerbarhet påverkade mestadels negativt. 

  • Gras, Konrad
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi.
    Mapping of Chromosome Dynamics over the Bacterial Cell Cycle2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The replication of DNA, its compaction and segregation in dividingcells are challenges which all organisms are faced with. Ensuringthat these processes occur without error is essential for thesurvival of the organism. While the major mechanisms governingchromosome replication and segregation have been elucidated ineukaryotic organisms, analogous processes and their details inprokaryotic organisms have been more challenging to analyse. Inorder to understand the processes behind the localisation of thechromosome during cell division, this project has aimed atanalysing the dynamics of 13 fluorescently labelled loci over thecell cycle of Escherichia coli. The results of this project can beused for further analysis of the chromosome in a large-scale studywhere more loci are analysed to map the dynamics of the wholechromosome.The fluorescent labelling was achieved by introducing the parSsequence at the chosen sites with lambda-Red recombination andexpression of ParB fused to the fluorescent protein mCherry. Thesequence was successfully introduced at eight different positionsin eight separate strains. The introduced parS/ParB system wasconfirmed to result in fluorescent foci by fluorescence microscopyimaging of the strains on agarose pads. Three of these strainswere analysed in a microfluidic PDMS chip platform withfluorescence microscopy. Microfluidic systems provide an advantageof capturing large amounts of cells and making it possible toanalyse them continuously in the same conditions. Combining thesesystems with bright-field, phase contrast and fluorescenceimaging, the growth rates of the cells and dynamics of thefluorescent foci were successfully analysed over several hours.

  • Talebi, Roxana
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Österlund, Linnea
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Effektivisering av process för utlastning: Identifiering av störningar och förbättringsförslag för en miljö med hög variation2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    En process som hanterar ett system där variationen är hög kan vara svår att kontrollera vilket leder till uppkomsten av processtörningar. Störningarna reducerar processens potentiella kapacitet och ger upphov till tidsförluster. Följande rapport behandlar en analys av möjligheter till effektivisering av en utlastningsprocess i en miljö med hög variation. Arbetets syfte är öka effektiviteten genom att identifiera processtörningar och föreslå förbättringsförslag. 

    Företag ingår i försörjningskedjor där flera delar måste samarbeta för att nå gemensamma mål. Variation i form av ledtid uppstår i dessa kedjor och varje länk påverkar nästkommande. Därmed blir god kommunikation och ett gott samarbete av yttersta vikt. De teoretiska områden som arbetet berör är, förutom försörjningskedjor även kapacitetsstyrning, lean, variation i processer samt engagemang hos medarbetare. Alla dessa delar hänger ihop och är faktorer vilka ligger som underlag till att stödja diskussion kring frågeställningarna som berör identifikation av processtörningar samt förbättringsförslag.

    Studien bygger på en mix av kvantitativa metoder, där datainsamling genom tidsstudier och databas genomförs, samt kvalitativa metoder i form av observationer och samtal med personal. Utifrån metoderna görs en processkartläggning som delas upp i fyra delprocesser. 

    Resultatet visar inte endast på att det finns störningar i processen som påverkas av den närvarande variationen, utan även att övriga faktorer, så som styrning och medarbetarengagemang, spelar en väsentlig roll. Det är därför viktigt med en helhetssyn vid utveckling av verksamheten.  

    21 förbättringsförslag har tagits fram och anses genomförbara på både kort- och långsiktig tidshorisont. De har genom en PICK-chartanalys värderats efter ansträngning och effekt för att vägleda företaget i kommande steg för införande av förslagen. 8 förslag har valts ut som lämpliga att påbörja utvecklingsarbetet. 

    Rekommendationer om en stark kultur för avdelningen som främjar engagemang och bistår med verktyg för ständiga förbättringar ges. Ständiga förbättringar är av substantiell betydelse i en verksamhets utvecklingsarbete, där standarder utgör grunden. 

    Denna studie kan ses som det första steget i ett PDCA-projekt (Plan) där företaget bör fortsätta arbetet med implementering och kontinuerlig uppföljning för att sedan vidta nödvändiga åtgärder. Genom implementering av förbättringsförslagen, samt kontinuerligt utvecklingsarbete med god uppföljning kommer den interna variationen kunna minska och därmed kan ökad effektivitet i utlastningsprocessen uppnås. 

  • Nordby, Linda
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teologiska fakulteten, Teologiska institutionen.
    Gender-based violence in the refugee camps in Cox Bazar: -A case study of Rohingya women’s and girls’ exposure to gender-based violence2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The Rohingya, an ethnic minority group that traditionally have lived in Rakhine State, Myanmar, are facing severe structural discrimination from the Myanmar state. Rohingya women and girls have experienced horrific acts of gender-based violence from the Myanmar army in Rakhine State before they fled to Bangladesh and the refugee camps in Cox Bazar area. In these refugee camps gender-based violence continues to be widespread, much like other refugee camps in other parts of the world. Rohingya women and girls are vulnerable because of their gender, refugee status and ethnic affiliation. In addition they become even more vulnerable because family and community structures have broken down. These intersecting vulnerabilities make them exposed to gender-based violence from a number of different perpetrators. In addition these intersecting vulnerabilities lead to a lack of access to sexual and reproductive health services. Overall the humanitarian organisations operating in Cox Bazar did not manage to deliver these sexual and reproductive health services to the amount of Rohingya women and girls that needed them. Although gender-based violence was identified to be widespread in the refugee camps preventive measures were few. The unequal power relationships are identified as an underpinning reason for gender-based violence. In addition, the underlying causes of gender-based violence are connected with beliefs, norms, attitudes and structures that promote and/or tolerate gender-based discrimination and unequal power relationships.

  • Algoz, Sara
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Mussa, Amin
    Hur hjälper AI den svenska vården?: Sjuksköterskors uppfattning av AI inom vården2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Artificiell intelligens sprider sig allt mer och mer inom olika arbetsområden. I denna studie har en kvalitativ fallstudie gjorts som behandlar hur sjuksköterskors uppfattning av framtida användandet av AI inom vården kan se ut. Genom att intervjua tre sjuksköterskor, en e-hälsostrateg och en projektledare inom området analyseras även detta empiriska material med hjälp av TAM för att slutligen ta reda på hur sjuksköterskors attityder kring att använda AI i framtiden ser ut. Resultatet av studien visar att sjuksköterskors uppfattning och acceptans av AI inom vården är delad i två områden där ena är icke-beslutsfattande AI och andra, beslutsfattande AI. Resultatet visar alltså hur sjuksköterskors attityd är positiv när det kommer till icke-beslutsfattande AI och mer negativ vid beslutsfattande AI. Detta då sjuksköterskorna anser att den mänskliga kontakten försvinner vid beslutsfattande AI. Det vill säga vid användning av AI-baserade system som behåller patientkontakt och kan besluta om vilken slags vård patienten behöver. Istället menar respondenterna att maskin och människa går bäst hand i hand.

  • Halldestam, Markus
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Karlsson, Katarina
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Trading Opportunities You Missed on the Swedish Equity Market: An Analysis of the Persistence of Calendar Anomalies2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This Study uses a period between 1939-2017 to analyse calendar anomalies on the Swedish equity market. We test whether calendar anomalies’ return deviates from the return of ordinary trading days. Our result shows that the day of the week effect, weekend effect, turn of the year, turn of the month and holiday effect have had an impact on the daily rate of return, both domestic and abroad. Similar to international markets the calendar anomalies in Sweden start to be less prominent during 1980’s. Also, our result displays that, since the 1970’s, UK holidays have had a negative impact on the daily return in Sweden. In contrast, American holidays have since the 2010’s had a positive impact. Turn of the year and turn of the month in Sweden have been more clustered around the first trading day of the year and month, compared to studies on other equity markets. Negative returns on Tuesdays, rather than Mondays, do also distinguish Sweden’s equity market relative to other markets. 

  • Kreienborg, Marius
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Durable Solutions, Durable Peace?: Assessing the Impact of Peace Agreement Provisions Regarding Forced Displacement on the Durability of Peace2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the relationship between the level of implementation of peace agreement provisions regarding forced displacement and the durability of peace in a country. Based on the assumption that implementation creates durable solutions for refugees and internally displaced persons, I argue that the attainment of durable solutions enables displaced populations to contribute to peacebuilding in different ways, for example by encouraging economic activity or promoting transitional justice. These engagements with peacebuilding, in turn, make durable peace more likely. To test this theory, I estimate several logistic models, making use of implementation data from the Peace Accord Matrix and a replication dataset. I find tentative support for my hypothesis that higher levels of implementation of said category of provisions increase the chance of durable peace, but concede that more research must follow to verify and solidify my results. 

  • Kobilke, Johanna
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Litterst, Leoni
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Cognitive Frames for Sustainability: A Bilateral Concept?: An Application to the German Agriculture Sector2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout the past decades, global institutions and private actors have stepped into action in order to determine how a more sustainable development can be achieved in the future. The role of private organizations in this process, is still subject to ongoing debate in both research and practice. How individual managers perceive and integrate sustainability into their business, can be assessed with cognition theory. It is assumed that cognitive frames play a role, when dealing with this complex topic. One approach to evaluate such frames is to develop several characteristics that define the way these frames are shaped. Those indicate whether someone perceives sustainability as a mere business case or rather as a more complex, paradox issue that needs to integrate several, often conflicting demands.

    The aim of this thesis is to develop a better understanding for how specific cognitive frames are present in the perception of social, environmental and economic sustainability demands and their relation to the respective organization by individual managers. Through a quantitative study a theoretical framework, which is differentiating managers along thetypology of the ‘Business Case Frame’ and opposed to that the ‘Paradoxical Frame’, is tested and analyzed. The study is conducted in the agricultural sector in Germany. Finally, it is suggested to extend the existing framework by two additional cognitive frames to contribute to the ongoing debate around business sustainability. Consequently, a differentiated understanding of the role of cognitive frames for sustainability in practice is encouraged.

  • Jansen, Remco
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Costly victories?: The dynamics of territorial control and insurgent violence against civilians within civil war2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Limited systematic research has investigated how conflict events shape the spatial-temporal variation of insurgent violence against civilians. Although previous research has investigated how degrees of territorial control relate to general levels of violence against civilians, it remains largely an open question how the dynamics within territorial control determine violence against civilians by insurgents. This study aims to address this gap by hypothesizing that (1) insurgents become more likely to commit fatal violence against civilians, and (2) kill more civilians in contested areas when they lose territorial control. The Armed Conflict Location and Event Dataset (ACLED) was used along with Peace Research Institute Oslo’s (PRIO) GRID Dataset to create a novel data frame of all territorially contested area-weeks on the African continent between 1997 and 2017 (n = 3035). Contrary to theoretical expectations, logistic regressions indicate a lower risk of insurgent violence against civilians in contested areas following an insurgent territorial loss than following a break-even. Zero-inflated negative binomial regressions moreover tentatively indicate that insurgents kill more civilians following territorial wins in the short-term, and following territorial loss in the long-term. These results suggest that proactive counterinsurgency campaigns are in the interest of civilians in civil war.

  • Voss, Suna J.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Immigration, Identity and Inequality - The Micro-Level Effects of Discrimination on Integration2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The relation between identity and Horizontal Inequality is increasingly relevant in the light of international migration flows. Research on the effects of Horizontal Inequality, or discrimination, on integration, is however limited. In particular, the causal mechanism underlying this relation remains to be defined. The present study fills this gap, arguing that perceived Horizontal Inequalities, i.e. inequalities between identity groups, create grievances in affected migrants that in turn increase group boundaries and, finally, decrease people’s ability to integrate into a new society. This proposed causal mechanism is tested through the use of process tracing and the controlled comparison method. Qualitative evaluative and thematic text analysis is employed to this end on novel micro-level data obtained through 30 interviews of concerned migrants and experts in Germany. The findings indicate support for the hypothesised model, amongst others highlighting the centrality of prior expectations and experiences for perceptions of Horizontal Inequality.

  • Kristoffersson, Agnes
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Fasta tillståndets fysik.
    Koch, Johanna
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Fasta tillståndets fysik.
    Utformning av ett verktyg för att nå cirkulära lösningar i byggprojekt: Implementering av cirkulär ekonomi på företaget Incoord2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis aims to create a user-friendly Excel-based tool tohelp the co-workers at Incoord, a technology consulting companywithin the construction business, to implement circular economy intheir projects. A literature study was done focusing on theconstruction business, circular economy and earlier implementedcircular projects and user-design experience. Interviews were heldwith the co-workers at Incoord to identify where and how circulareconomy can be implemented in the projects at Incoord. In addition,workshops and a case-group meeting were held with the co-workers toset up the requirement specifications for user-design experience andto encourage the co-workers to come up with circular solutions.

    All of this resulted in a framework that included knowledge aboutuser-design experience and questions encouraging circular solutionsin the projects at Incoord. The framework was used when the digitaltool was created in Excel. The tool was evaluated to make sure thatit met the requirement specifications. It resulted in a toolconsisting of four parts; the first focusing on circular solutionsthat can be made by Incoord themselves, the second advocated toexternal actors, the third focusing on promoting circular materialand the fourth calculating the carbon dioxide reduction whenreprocessing compared to making new materials. The different partscan be adjusted depending on which area of expertise the user isworking within. Points are collected depending on the answers in thedifferent parts, which gives the user a concluding result that showshow circular the current project can be.

  • Thompson, Pierre
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    When Peace Fails But Terrorism Succeeds: Do Failing Peace Agreements Encourage Terrorism?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The quality of peace at the end of civil war has emerged as an important concept for understanding persistent security threats. This study seeks to bridge two well established fields by asking: Does the failure to implement a peace agreement encourage terrorism? I argue that the psychological effect of a failing peace agreement shapes the individual’s propensity to terrorism by enhancing the appeal of a frame which favors “radical” action to advance the group’s struggle for recognition. Terrorism can be simultaneously an emotionally driven response at the individual level, and a rational choice at the group level. This paper employs mixed methods. A cross-case study measures the spatial/temporal variation in peace settlement implementation and the intensity of terrorism between/within 34 post-accord settings. A within-case study leverages temporal variation to illustrate how four violent non-state actors responded to perceptions of salient loss at various points in the Mindanao peace process. While each organization used terrorism strategically, the strategies were not always linked to peace settlement implementation. This study advances understanding of the event-driven relationship between implementation failure and terrorism, the process by which “radical” frames convert an individual’s emotional reaction into political violence, and the dynamic integration of quantitative and qualitative research.

  • Arnicāns, Olafs
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Is Winter Coming?: The Effect of Consistent Patron-States on Territorial Conflicts Becoming Frozen2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Of the territorial intra-state conflicts around the world, there are some that live in the ‘no war, no peace’ environment. The so-called frozen conflicts have attracted significant scholarly and policy attention to explain their durability over time, and sustainability of the de facto regimes that live within such environment. This study shifts the focus from looking at the frozen state of the conflict to improving the understanding of how they become frozen in the first place. My question: ‘why do some territorial conflicts become frozen while others do not?’ sheds light on consistent-patron action during wartime to explain how, through the establishment of trade, territorial conflicts become frozen. Additional novel contributions are provided by conceptualizing patron-state support and focusing on trade as part of state-building mechanisms. A structured, focused comparison with a most-similar case design compares Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Republika Srpska Krajina conflicts. My findings show partial support to the tested hypotheses that indicate a consistent patron-state’s trade establishment with de facto regime leads to frozen conflict. Empirical limitations within the cases limit the ability to draw stronger conclusions.

    Of the territorial intra-state conflicts around the world, there are some that live in the ‘no war, no peace’ environment. The so-called frozen conflicts have attracted significant scholarly and policy attention to explain their durability over time, and sustainability of the de facto regimes that live within such environment. This study shifts the focus from looking at the frozen state of the conflict to improving the understanding of how they become frozen in the first place. My question: ‘why do some territorial conflicts become frozen while others do not?’ sheds light on consistent-patron action during wartime to explain how, through the establishment of trade, territorial conflicts become frozen. Additional novel contributions are provided by conceptualizing patron-state support and focusing on trade as part of state-building mechanisms. A structured, focused comparison with a most-similar case design compares Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Republika Srpska Krajina conflicts. My findings show partial support to the tested hypotheses that indicate a consistent patron-state’s trade establishment with de facto regime leads to frozen conflict. Empirical limitations within the cases limit the ability to draw stronger conclusions.

  • Bell, Richard
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    The quality of governance peace: Governance perceptions and sustaining peace2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Quality of Government (QoG) peace is a concept gaining some traction alongside more known concepts such as the democratic peace, or liberal (capitalist) peace or the globalist/modernist peace. This study aims to uncover how perceptions of governance quality uncover variation in the number of violent and nonviolent collective and interpersonal events at the sub-national level in Nepal. National survey data is used to operationalise the mechanisms for quality of governance perceptions which are then aggregated at District level. In-country elite level interviews were also completed in order to trace the process in the causal mechanism and control for reverse causality. Results point to a strong negative effect between perceptions of governance quality and the number of events occurring. There was not, however, any causal relationship established between perceptions of governance quality and the ratio of violent to non-violent events. Instead, interviewees related the resort to violence as coming about more strongly from a committed leadership of protest movements (or lack thereof) and moves by the State to instigate violence through repressive tactics against protest events.