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  • Andersson, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology.
    Spectroscopic data / carbon quality measurements1987Data set
  • Andersson, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology.
    Abundance data adaptation experiment2017Data set
  • Pehrson, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Varför tycker vi olika?: En beteendegenetisk studie i nationalistiska attityder2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Güler Akkus, Robin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Urban Inequality and Political Trust: The impact of social exclusion on individual political trust across residential areas in Sweden2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Contextual effects have previously been shown to be related to political attitudes and behaviour. Focusing on the contextual effect of social exclusion, this paper evaluates whether individuals living in areas with higher levels of social exclusion tend to be less trusting of political institutions. Regression analysis was used based on data from the Swedish Citizen Survey 2003 and Small Areas for Market Statistics. The results showed no evidence for a relationship between social exclusion and political trust.

  • Heidenberg, Caroline
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Dwindling Democracy: A study of democratic backsliding in the European Union’s Eastern bloc2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Proposed democratic backsliding in some Eastern members of the European Union, has recently been raised as a new challenge for the EU. Because of this, this thesis aims to shine light on the extent of democratic backsliding in the EU’s Eastern bloc and the factors that enable it. This is done through a two-step research design, consisting of a description of changes in Freedom House’s Freedom Rating, and a comparative case study testing the three main strands of potential explanations for backsliding. A key finding is that that five of 11 Eastern EU members have seen negative developments during the past 15 years. Backsliding has been substantial in Hungary and Latvia, moderate in Poland and Bulgaria, and mild Lithuania. Furthermore, it is found that mainstream parties’ commitment to democracy, as well as the extent to which Europe’s recent economic crisis hit national finances and ordinary citizens, appear to be factors enabling backsliding in the EU’s Eastern bloc. 

  • Patz, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Konsten Att Skapa Ett Fiasko: En Fallstudie Av Transportstyrelsens IT-Skandal2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ström, Lovisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Vilken väg ska lagen gå?: Den svenska sexualbrottslagstiftningen ur ett historieinstitutionalistiskt perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine how and why a law of consent has been able to gain support among Swedish parties and most Swedish legislators. The question about what should be defined as consensual sexual acts and not have been frequently discussed in Swedish media and the political sphere during the last few years. Women’s interest associations have been urging Swedish lawmakers to institute a law of consent. According to Swedish law, those who have physically forced or threatened someone into having sexual intercourse meet juridical consequences. The theory of historical institutionalism points out that institutions, such as laws, often change marginally and not dramatically. This seems to apply also in the Swedish case of lawmaking. At the end of 1998, the ruling social democratic parliament appointed a committee to investigate whether and how a law of consent should be implemented in Swedish law. Different parliaments have since discussed this issue and the law of consent has not gained support, until now. In 2014, a committee consisting of representatives of all governing parties concluded that a law of consent should reimburse current law. This thesis will show that the law of consent was able to gain support due to incremental change of the institution. It also considers how ideas provoke actors to act for change, if existing institutions fail to fulfill their purposes.

  • Rosberg, Adam
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Theorising EU secession: an ideational analysis on parliamentary debates prior to the Brexit referendum2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Sundström Dahl, Karl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Transportpolitiska mål i relation till Uppsala kommuns busstrafik2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Stendahl, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Vad är det att styra med tillit?: En analys av Tillitsdelegationens utredning av tillitsbaserad styrning av offentligt finansierad verksamhet i välfärdssektorn2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Lundgren, Hannah
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Girls' Future is Girls' Future?: Tracing the Girl Effect in Plan International Sweden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis sets out to answer if, and in that case how, the current development discourse, centring on instrumentalist arguments for gender equality and the “marketization” of aid, is reflected in Plan International Sweden’s campaign on the International Day of the Girl Child. The study draws upon critical feminist theories which stress that the instrumentalist approach, which scholars mean has become more common due to the marketization of aid, essentializes women and men in line with traditional ideas of femininity and masculinity. Through the use of discourse analysis, the study shows that the discourse of Plan’s campaign appeals to traditional constructions of femininity and masculinity where women and girls are ascribed signs such as maternal, responsible, altruistic and efficient, and men self-centred, irresponsible and potentially oppressive. Relatedly, Plan shows clear traces of instrumentalist reasoning, arguing that gender equality, besides being a social right, is an instrument to increase development efficiency. Additionally, the study finds that Plan shows traces of a marketized logic, something that can be seen in the organization’s cooperation with private companies which signifies an acceptance of them as actors in development, and the involvement of several celebrities which help validate, brand and “sell” the organization.

  • Kjellström, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Har Rwandas valprocess blivit mer auktoritär de senaste 25 åren?: En studie av Rwandas valprocess2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to study the electoral process of Rwanda, and whether or not an authoritarian development can be found within the electoral process. This will be achieved through a case study of Rwanda, categorising the changes made in its electoral process since 1991 as either semi - authoritarian or authoritarian. Furthermore, the electoral process is divided into three phases: the pre - existing conditions, the procedure, and final ly the outcome. The theoretical framework consists of theories regarding both semi - authoritarianism and authoritarianism. The study finds that the pre - existing conditions and the outcome have transitioned from being defined as semi - authoritarian to be defi ned as authoritarian, while the procedure remains semi - authoritarian. This illustrates the discrepancy between the different phases of the electoral process, as opposed to them being synchronised. The final analysis concludes that Rwanda’s electoral proces s has become more authoritarian since 1991.    

  • Karlsson, Simon
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Integration av utrikes födda i samhället och i politiken: En empirisk studie av Sveriges kommuner mandatperioderna 1994–20142018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    By examining if the proportion of foreign born representatives – in Swedish municipal councils – connects to the integration of the same group in society, this paper tests the theoretical notion that it matters who the representatives are. Briefly, the hypothesis is inspired by Anne Phillips’ thought that political interests and priorities can derive from people’s experiences.

    The thesis uses municipal panel data which extends over the years 1994–2014. In the regression analysis, fixed effects and control variables are applied on a time-specific basis and municipality level. In short, the results in this paper suggests that the proportion of foreign born representatives tends to affect the integration of the same group in society under certain circumstances. When including control variables and time fixed effects, the independent variable share of foreign born in municipal councils is still statistically significant. But when municipality fixed effects are included, the explanatory variable struggles. Although, a reason for this may be that the variability of variables within the municipalities is too small during the investigated time period. With this in mind, substantial recommendations are given for future research in the field. 

    Finally, in order to strengthen the theoretical assumption that political interests and priorities among the representatives may vary depending on whether they are natives or foreigners, this paper also present relevant survey data regarding members of subnational councils in Sweden. By studying the answers concerning the representative’s origin, and how it corresponds to the self-perceived priority of representing immigrants and refugee’s interests, we can get a better understanding of how the representation of foreigners might affect the policy outcome. Primarily, the result in this passage indicates that foreigners do consider themselves to represent immigrants and refugee’s interests to a greater extent than natives. Secondarily, the result also indicates that foreigners from countries outside of Europe are most likely to prioritize this area of responsibility, of all investigated groups. 

  • Edström, Josefine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Feminized People and the Patriarchal State: Studying the Portrayal of Gender in North Korean Films2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Blomquist, Amalia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Från beslutande till rådgivande: En studie av det kollegiala inflytandet i hörandeprocessen vid rektorstillsättningar.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Cederquist, Tove
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Samhällskunskapsundervisning med tyngdpunkt i svenska språket: En studie av hur samhällskunskapsundervisningen på SPRINT i Uppsala genomförs2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Al Nashéa, Aram
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Reaction of the U.S. President To the Rise of China: A discourse analysis into the president of the United States’ reaction to China emerging as a competing hegemon.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The U.S. has enjoyed global hegemonic power for over 70 years and even more so

    after the fall of the Soviet Union. However, some political scientists argue that it is

    descending and the evidence lies in the increasing power of China. An imbalance of

    power in the international structure has the ability to result in different outcomes. The

    realist theory suggests that a conflict between the U.S. and China is unavoidable, the

    liberal theory suggests that the economic dependency between the two makes conflict

    less possible, while the constructivist theory suggests that the outcome depends on the

    reaction of the leaders and social change. This study asks what the reaction of the

    President of the U.S. is to the rise of China to find out the result of this hegemonic

    power imbalance. By using discourse analysis, this study has analyzed the remarks of

    President Trump from the period of January 2017 to November 2017 in search of his

    reaction to the rise of China. The results of this study show that President Trump

    divides the world in two parts making the U.S. the protagonist and the rest of the

    world, including China, the antagonist in his discourse as his reaction. Due to this

    reaction, Trump takes nationalistic and protectionist measures against China.

  • Sönne, Klara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Opening the black box: Domestic role contestation in Sweden during the diplomatic crisis with Saudi Arabia in 20152018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Stenberg, Carl-Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Gymnasiet och medborgarna: En analys av medborgarskapsidealet i tre svenska läroplaner för gymnasiet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Kluge, Sofia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Utvärderingsidéer: En idéanalys av Sidas utvärderingspolicy2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Chrapkowska, Disa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Partiet eller kommunen?: En enkätstudie om de socialdemokratiska kommunstyrelseordförandenas lojalitet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Målet med denna uppsats var att kartlägga hur Socialdemokratiska kommunstyrelseordföranden ser på den dubbla rollen partiföreträdare och kommunens ledare. Detta som en del i ett större område inom statsvetenskapen som handlar om att undersöka beslutsfattande och hur avgörande partilinjen egentligen är. Den teoretiska grunden i uppsatsen utgår ifrån forskning om representationsprinciper gällande beslutsfattande. Utifrån dessa principer blev det tydligt att Socialdemokraterna är ett parti som i stor utsträckning värdesätter partiets åsikt när de tar ett beslut vilket kan leda till att Socialdemokratiska kommunstyrelseordföranden sätter sitt parti före kommunens bästa. Ifall detta skulle ha visat sig vara sant hade det varit ett oroväckande resultat för medborgarna i de olika kommunerna. Studiens resultat visar dock tydligt att så inte är fallet. En klar majoritet av kommunstyrelseordförandena sätter vad som gynnar ens kommun före partiet. Det framgick inte tydligt vad detta berodde på, men en faktor som spelar in är att ju bättre kommunens ekonomi upplevs, desto större är utrymmet att följa sin partis nationella linje.

  • Skagegård, Maya
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Att förebygga könsbaserat våld i Burma: En kvalitativ studie av trosbaserade organisationers förebyggande arbete mot könsbaserat våld i Burma.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Narayaem Lindman, Lipikar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Military Coups in Thailand: The Strategic Arguments to Justify a Democratic Setback.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One of the military establishments that have gained considerable power and autonomy, and it is out of reach of civilian control, is the Royal Thai Army (RTA). In Thailand, coups have become the norm for change of political leadership and government, and has evolved in a cyclical pattern – starting with a coup, followed by an election and a short period of open politics, before a crisis leading to another coup. The majority of Thai people support military interventions when the government is incapable of ruling, but at the same time appear to desire a democratic state and democratic institutions. 

    With frequent military intervention, democracy in Thailand is fragile. When compared to other cases of military coups in other parts of the world, military takeovers are often violent and not approved of by its own citizens. Therefore, the case of Thailand is unusual and relevant because the latest interventions (2006 and 2014) were considered bloodless, and the RTA succeeded in gaining power and legitimacy from the support of the people without accomplishing political takeovers through armed and violent means. The strategic arguments the RTA uses to gain justificiation can be related to the discourses of security, corruption and monarchy, and it is apparent that the military has been using the rhetorics of the discourses to legitimize their coups.

  • Lind, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Stöd eller egenansvar?: Den politiska diskursen kring nyanländas etablering 2013-20172018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie undersöks den politiska diskursen kring nyanländas etablering i Sverige med avseende på olika logiker kring integration med utgångspunkt i rättigheter och skyldigheter. I Europa har forskare identifierat utvecklingen som en reträtt från mångkulturalismen vilket karaktäriseras av en allt mer skyldighetsbaserad logik kring integration och migration genom till exempel obligatoriska språktester. I den aktuella studien undersöker jag hur den politiska diskursen har sett ut i Sverige efter den ökade immigrationen under 2010-talet vilket kulminerade 2015 genom frågeställningen: Hur har den politiska diskursen förändrats mellan 2013 och 2017 med avseende på nyanländas rättigheter och skyldigheter i integrationsprocessen? Tre politiska partier; Socialdemokraterna, Nya Moderaterna och Sverigedemokraterna samt deras politiska dokument i form av partiprogram och linjer har undersökts genom en diskursanalys. Resultatet visar att Socialdemokraterna och Nya Moderaternas diskursiva positioner under den undersökta perioden har förändrats mot en något mer skyldighetsbaserad logik. Nya Moderaterna kan sägas representera en mer skyldighetsbaserad logik medan Socialdemokraterna intar en mer delad position. Sverigedemokraternas position har inte förändrats men partiet representerar en skyldighetsbaserad assimileringspolitik baserad på en etnisk gemenskap. I och med denna diskursiva förändring är det ifrågasatt huruvida den svenska politiken fortfarande kan sägas representera en utpräglad rättighetslinje.

  • Græns Larsen, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Is Democracy Good for the Rural Population?: A Cross-National Study on the Effect of Democracy on the  Urban-Rural Divide2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Bohman, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Jobba mer eller mindre?: En studie av den svenska statens syn på arbetstid som ett verktyg för förbättrad jämställdhet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the view of the Swedish government on how working hours can be used as a tool to promote equality in Sweden. Previous research shows how women are experiencing a bigger challenge than men in achieving a balance between work and family life since they take a larger responsibility for the unpaid work at home. This leads to inferior prerequisites in life for women, which in turn means that we live in an unequal society. At the same time research shows that there are two ways to go when it comes to changing working hours in favour of equality: an extension of the working hours for women who work part-time or a shortening of the working hours over all in the Swedish society. The aim of this thesis is to investigate which of these alternatives that is promoted by the Swedish government. This will be done through a critical discourse analysis.

     

    The investigation shows that the Swedish government promotes the alternative where the women working part-time extend their working hours to full-time as a solution to the equality problem. This goes in line with what previous research has shown on this matter; that the working culture in Sweden is strong and that the idea of a “working line” is a strong concept that has been used since the start of the 20th century to this day. This also shows that there is a reigning discourse where it is not possible to talk about a shortening of working hours as a solution to the equality problem. As previous research has shown, this investigation also finds that the government continues to emphasize the economic consequences that come out of the fact that women to a large extent work part-time. The question of who is going to take care of the unpaid work at home when women starts to work full-time, however, remains unanswered. 

  • Blad, Johannes
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Limiting the use of pro-government militias: The effect of media freedom on the impact of pro-government militas on repression2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Younis-Khalid, Khaldoun
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Tillitsbaserad styrning av vård och omsorg: ur mellanchefernas perspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under en längre tid har svensk vård och omsorg präglats av ett marknadsinriktat tankesätt med starka inslag av målstyrning, kostnadskontroll och utvärderingsarbete. Forskningen har länge diskuterat problemen och riskerna med denna typ av styrning och pekar bland annat på att den medicinska professionen har en omfattande administrativ börda och att de i hög utsträckning detaljstyrs, vilket påverkar arbetsmiljön och i slutändan kvaliteten på vården till patienterna. En artikelserie i DN som belyste dessa problem introducerade den breda allmänheten till begreppet New Public Management och var startpunkten för en omfattande debatt kring offentlig styrning.

    Den svenska regeringen har påbörjat ett arbete för att utveckla en tillitsbaserad styrning för att komma åt problemen i vården. Det är däremot oklart vad en sådan styrning faktiskt innebär. Den här uppsatsens fokus och syfte är därför att, med utgångspunkt i mellanchefer och medarbetare inom vård och omsorg, bidra till utvecklingen av tillitsbaserad styrning och ge ett bud på vad det kan innebära. Fyra kvalitativa intervjuer har genomförts för att uppnå syftet. Resultatet och analysen kopplas till teorier om tillit och till ett ramverk för tillitsbaserad styrning. Man kan konstatera att undersökningens resultat sammanfaller till viss del med tidigare forskning och bekräftar bilden av styrningsproblemen i vården och vad tillitsbaserad styrning kan vara. Det framkommer emellertid att samtal och direkta möten, IT-lösningar, kvalitativa kvalitetsmått, kompetensförsörjning och transparens kan utgöra viktiga led i en tillitsbaserad styrning. Vidare framkommer en strategi kallad värdebaserad vård som ett sätt stärka tilliten och bättre tillvarata medarbetarnas kompetens.

  • Wildros, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The evolution of attitudes toward immigration in Sweden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study tested if intergenerational differences in attitudes toward immigration in Sweden exist due to different early life socialization experiences across generations with cohort analysis. Also, if shock effects which are defined as large scale shifts in society affected different age-groups differently? As socioeconomic status was positively related to both proimmigration attitudes and age, age could be excluded from the model assuming aging affected attitudes only indirectly due to increased financial security, this avoided collinearity between age, period and cohort. Assuming that aging does not affect attitudes toward immigration the conclusion was made that intergenerational differences in attitudes exist due to a difference in early life socialization across generations. Observing the trends of different age-groups between 2002 and 2016 a pattern emerged where shock effects like the refugee crisis in 2015 seemed to affect all cohorts with similar force contrary to prior research and the impressionable years and later-life decline models.

  • Wiggen, Frida
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Gymnasielevers politiska deltagande på sociala medier2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen undersöker hur gymnasieelever deltar politiskt på sociala medier. Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur social bakgrund påverkar elever att delta politiskt i sociala medier och vilken roll skolan har i detta. För att ta reda på detta och besvara frågeställningarna framställdes enkäter vilka besvarades av 147 gymnasieelever vid olika program i skolor inom Eskilstuna, Västerås och Uppsala kommun. Resultaten gav inga signifikanta samband i social bakgrund och politiskt deltagande, men andra intressanta resultat upptäcktes. Sociala medier tenderar leda till en ökad politisk jämlikhet där elever med lägre social bakgrund är mer aktiva än de med högre social bakgrund. Dessutom tenderar elever med lågutbildade föräldrar anse att skolan gett viktiga kunskaper om att kritiskt granska källor på nätet i lägre grad än elever med högutbildade föräldrar. Det som dock påverkar elevers politiska deltagande på sociala medier är om de är politiskt intresserade eller ej. 

  • Stavenow, Melanie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Medborgardialoger som ett sätt att stärka legitimiteten i politiska beslut: En kvalitativ fallstudie om införandet av ett nytt stadsbusslinjenät2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Sandell, Albin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Från nytta till belastning: En jämförelse av svenska partiledares perspektiv på invandring och positionering i invandringsrelaterade debatter 2014 och 20172018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The autumn 2015 represented a critical juncture for Swedish migration politics. Prime Minister Löfven’s government tightened immigration policies in accordance with proposals made since long by the radical right wing party the Sweden Democrats (SD). But did the critical juncture and the following migration policies involve new political strategies against SD, and how have the mainstream parties’ leaders’ perspective on immigration been affected? The analysis is based on systemic functional grammar and scholarly literature concerning perspectives on immigration. Policy proposals, party leaders’ perspectives on immigration and party leaders’ positioning in immigration-related television debates from 2014 and 2017 are compared. The results confirm previous research showing that there was a strong convergence amongst mainstream parties 2014, in migration politics as well as in positioning against SD. In 2017, the migration issue has split up into more detailed issues like family reunification, temporary residence permits and differentiated welfare. The utility perspective on immigration was salient in 2014. In 2017, two new central perspectives on immigration were constructed: the strain perspective and the reversed rights perspective. The study suggests that immigration-related issues has gone from being a forum for distance making between mainstream parties and SD, to be like any other issue – a forum for the usual political dynamics between governing parties and opposition.

  • Mira, Nico
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Political Trust and Rationality: A study on the lower voter turnout among foreign born citizens in Sweden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the effect political trust has on voter turnout among foreign born citizens in Sweden. Economic theory is used as theoretical framework for this study and describes two types of rationale; rationale of voting and rationale of migration, which must be taking into the account when trying to understand the effect of political trust among foreign born citizens. It is from this argued that the incentives to vote for foreign born citizens are very low but that political trust is high due to an improved standard of living. Based on previous research on the positive relationship of political trust and voter turnout as well as the rationale behind it, hypotheses are constructed to be tested in statistical analysis. The hypotheses are that probability to vote increases with political trust, foreign born citizens have higher political trust than native citizens, but that the effect of political trust on voter turnout among foreign born citizens is weaker than for native citizens. The empirical data used for the study are gathered from the 2016 round of the European Social Survey. The statistical analysis supports the hypotheses that probability to vote increases with political trust and that foreign born citizens do have a higher political trust than native citizens. This support in combination with the knowledge that foreign born citizens vote to a lesser degree creates a paradox that would be solved by the last hypothesis, that the effect is weaker among foreign born citizens. However, this hypothesis cannot be completely supported, but there are reasons to believe that with better data the outcome would be positive. The study still reaches the conclusion that political trust among foreign born people is an important issue to take into account for policy makers and future research.

  • Löwdin, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Family Planning Programme in Rwanda: Substantive Representation of Women or Smart Economics?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to explore how the Rwandan state has motivated its increased prioritization of family planning (FP). The paper seeks to understand whether the state’s increased promotion of FP is a result of Rwanda’s strong commitment to gender equality or part of a broader development agenda. By applying theories of substantive representation of women and smart economics, the paper investigates if the state considers enhancing women’s sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) as a goal in itself or as a means to reach their broader development goals. The method which has been selected is text analysis. The texts which are analyzed are government documents from the time of the emergence of the FP programme. The main findings of this paper suggest that the state’s main motive for the increased prioritization of FP is driven by the development agenda rather than a gender-sensitive approach. Nevertheless, there are statements in the texts which the paper connects to theories of substantive representation of women, however, the development rational corresponding with the idea of smart economics is more recurrent. The paper finds that the hypothesis building on the theory of smart economics finds the strongest support and therefore suggests that the Rwandan states consider FP to be a means to achieve broader development goals.

  • Löfgren, Johanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Mot jämställdhet? En analys av den politiska debatten gällande ett förbud mot könsdiskriminerande reklam2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The overarching aim of this essay is to understand why gender equality policy proposals sometimes fail to be adopted even in very favorable circumstances. The paper searches to do so by examining the political debate and the process that lead to the Swedish Social Democratic Party’s decision in 2014 to not adopt a law against gender discrimination in commercial in Sweden, despite their longstanding arguments to impose such a ban. The case is considered being a “failed case”, that is, a situation where gender policy adoption failed. Drawing on feminist political theory and frame analysis the study examines the arguments made by proponents and opponents in the debate. The study finds that the Liberal People’s Party possibly might have managed to pursue the Social Democratic Party to switch position by reframing the issue regarding gender discrimination in commercial. The study also observes that freedom of speech can be seen as a competing and higher valued interest to gender equality. Furthermore, the paper demonstrate that Sweden generally have been reluctant to reach gender equality through harder measures, which additionally can be seen as an explanation to the failure of the proposal. 

  • Lazar, Andrei
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    En gammal profession i ett nytt samhälle: En studie om kommunala lärares upplevelser och erfarenheter av densvenska friskolereformen.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the experience that secondary school teachers in Swedenhave of the charter school reform (friskolereformen). The reform meant that charter schools couldcompete on equal terms with municipal schools, the idea being that competition would cut costs andimprove the overall quality of all schools. The main objective of the study is to investigate how thishas affected teachers working for municipal schools, who's main objective remains to cater to thepublic good. Through interviews with several teachers from municipals schools in Uppsala, it'sclear that the reform has had a clear impact on their profession. The municipality's will to reducecosts seem to have increased the workload for the teachers. A lot of new administrative tasks, notregarded as essential educational tasks, have been added. Meanwhile the reputation and salary ofteachers have dropped along with a decreasing collegiality, attributed to lack of time. It appears thatthe teachers are overall dissatisfied with the implementation of the reform but agree thatcompetition can have positive and diversifying effects on the education system. The teachers areabove all sceptical to private companies making profit of students, claiming that it promotes a faultycompetition that tries to attract student not by promising a lot of lessons but rather few lessons andeasy grades. The conclusion is that even teachers in municipal schools have felt the effect of NPMreforms.The teachers feel that their autonomy has decreased and that their profession has sufferedas a consequence of the charter school reform. The bureaucratic and professional logic that hasguided teachers has had to make way for a new market logic.

  • Kusoffsky, Julia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Compassion with(out) borders: A case study of compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue in humanitarian action2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a world where insecurities, violence and disasters seem to be increasing on a daily basis, compassion, a moral sentiment of co-suffering and motivation to alleviate it, plays an important role, especially in humanitarian action. However, compassion is not a constant feeling, and our emotions and compassion towards tragedies do not always resonate with egalitarian principles. This thesis seeks to explore the potential relationship between field experience, in humanitarian action, and compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue. Departing from two contrasting hypotheses, grounded in theories of compassion, it investigates the factors, relating to field experience, that affect this moral sentiment, in a single case study of the Network on Humanitarian Action (NOHA). Through a quantitative survey design, combined with semi-structured interviews, the study finds that there exists no isolated correlation between field experience and compassion fatigue or satisfaction. However, the study concludes that compassion is affected by several intervening variables, relating to field experience, which can result in either compassion fatigue or satisfaction, resonating with both hypotheses. 

  • Hubalek, Valerie
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Uppsala, Sweden.
    Buck, Moritz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Tan, BoonFei
    University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada; Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology, Leipzig, Germany.
    Foght, Julia
    University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
    Wendeberg, Annelie
    Centre for Environmental Research, Leipzig, Germany.
    Berry, David
    University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Bertilsson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology.
    Eiler, Alexander
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology. eDNA Solutions AB, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Vitamin and Amino Acid Auxotrophy in Anaerobic Consortia Operating under Methanogenic Conditions2017In: mSystems, E-ISSN 2379-5077, Vol. 2, no 5, e00038-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Syntrophy among Archaea and Bacteria facilitates the anaerobic degra- dation of organic compounds to CH4 and CO2 . Particularly during aliphatic and aro- matic hydrocarbon mineralization, as in the case of crude oil reservoirs and petroleum-contaminated sediments, metabolic interactions between obligate mutu- alistic microbial partners are of central importance. Using micromanipulation com- bined with shotgun metagenomic approaches, we describe the genomes of complex consortia within short-chain alkane-degrading cultures operating under methano- genic conditions. Metabolic reconstruction revealed that only a small fraction of genes in the metagenome-assembled genomes encode the capacity for fermenta- tion of alkanes facilitated by energy conservation linked to H2 metabolism. Instead, the presence of inferred lifestyles based on scavenging anabolic products and inter- mediate fermentation products derived from detrital biomass was a common fea- ture. Additionally, inferred auxotrophy for vitamins and amino acids suggests that the hydrocarbon-degrading microbial assemblages are structured and maintained by multiple interactions beyond the canonical H2 -producing and syntrophic alkane degrader-methanogen partnership. Compared to previous work, our report points to a higher order of complexity in microbial consortia engaged in anaerobic hydrocar- bon transformation. IMPORTANCE

  • Hällmark, Kristin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Var går gränsen?: En internkritisk diskussion om möjligheten att demokratisk rättfärdiga nationalistprincipen, påverkansprincipen och tvångsprincipen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary democratic states seems to be facing problems regarding who is to be included in demos. Without knowing who is included in the people, it is impossble to know who is to be granted political equality. Whithout political equality, there can be no democracy. This thesis undertakes an internal citique to establish whether the nationalist-principle (represented by David Miller), the all affected interests-principle (represented by Robert E. Goodin) and the coercion-principle (represented by Arash Abizadeh) can be justified on the basis of their own view of political equality. It will be argued that all of the principleas are more or less internally incoherent, meaning that none of the perpesctives of who is to be included in the demos is consistent with political equality. By pointing out these inconsistencies, this paper lays the foundation for a potential further developent of these principles, which could make them more in tune with political equality. 

  • Gewecke, Hanne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    It’s Complicated: A quantitative analysis explaining member state compliance with the EU’s 2020 emission target.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union’s climate mitigation is highly dependent on member state compliance with EU climate policy. This paper therefore investigates the effect of different factors on national compliance with the EU’s emission target of a 20 percent reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 compared to 1990. This target is further divided into additional ones, covering different sectors: a 21 percent reduction of greenhouse gases by 2020 compared to 2005 in the sectors covered by the Emissions Trading System (ETS), and differentiated targets for each member state under the Effort Sharing Decision (ESD) during the same period. Common operationalizations of compliance in quantitative research are associated with problems since the available data mostly concern policy output. This paper measures compliance in terms of outcome instead, by comparing the emission targets to the actual reductions made by the member states. The results indicate that compliance with the nation-specific targets in the ESD sector is mostly decided by how much a state is required to reduce their emissions. Regarding the ETS target, compliance appears somewhat likelier in member states where a larger share of citizens are members of an environmental organization, and a little more unlikely in states where the industry contributes economically with a larger share of GDP.

  • Berglund, Adam
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    En knegares val: En Studie om klassröstningens betydelse för Socialdemokraterna 1982-20102017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Söderqvist, Karin
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ahmed Osman, Omneya
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Wolff, Cecilia
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Bertilsson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Vågsholm, Ivar
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Boqvist, Sofia
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Emerging microbiota during cold storage and temperature abuse of ready-to-eat salad​2017In: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology, ISSN 2000-8686, E-ISSN 2000-8686, Vol. 7, no 1, 1328963Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Ready-to-eat (RTE) leafy vegetables have a natural leaf microbiota that changes during different processing and handling steps from farm to fork. The objectives of this study were (i) to compare the microbiota of RTE baby spinach and mixed-ingredient salad before and after seven days of storage at 8°C or 15°C; (ii) to explore associations between bacterial communities and the foodborne pathogens Listeria monocytogenes, pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica, and pathogen model organism Escherichia coli O157:H7 gfp+ when experimentally inoculated into the salads before storage; and (iii) to investigate if bacterial pathogens may be detected in the 16S rRNA amplicon dataset. Material and methods: The microbiota was studied by means of Illumina 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing. Subsets of samples were inoculated with low numbers (50-100 CFU g(-1)) of E. coli O157:H7 gfp+, pathogenic Y. enterocolitica or L. monocytogenes before storage. Results and discussion: The composition of bacterial communities changed during storage of RTE baby spinach and mixed-ingredient salad, with Pseudomonadales as the most abundant order across all samples. Although pathogens were present at high viable counts in some samples, they were only detected in the community-wide dataset in samples where they represented approximately 10% of total viable counts. Positive correlations were identified between viable counts of inoculated strains and the abundance of Lactobacillales, Enterobacteriales, and Bacillales, pointing to positive interactions or similar environmental driver variables that may make it feasible to use such bacterial lineages as indicators of microbial health hazards in leafy vegetables. The data from this study contribute to a better understanding of the bacteria present in RTE salads and may help when developing new types of biocontrol agents.​.

  • Färlin, Johanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Literature.
    Rasistisk uppdelning eller rättvist utrymme?: En pragmadialektisk argumentationsanalys av debatter om separatism ur ett intersektionellt perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här uppsatsen analyseras debattartiklar om separatism, i dessa fall om uppdelning av människor baserat på kön eller "ras", med hjälp av en pragmadialektisk argumentationsanalys. Artiklarna – tre för och tre emot separatism– analyseras i enlighet med den metod som presenteras av Mika Hietanen i antologin Retorisk kritik. Argumenten har ställts upp i argumentationsstrukturer för att konkretisera vilka ståndpunkter som förs och hur respektive debattör argumenterar för att ta sig dit.

    Av analysen kan dras slutsatsen att separatismens förespråkare driver teserna att separatistiska rum är nödvändiga och viktiga, och att de argumenterar för detta genom att hävda att det är viktigt för marginaliserade – i dessa fall kvinnor och rasifierade – att ibland få en fristad bortom sina förtryckares närvaro. Separatismens motståndare argumenterade för att separatisters sätt att dela upp människor är rasistiskt och kontraproduktivt. De utmärkande skillnaderna sidorna emellan är att förespråkarna framstår som i underläge i och med att de främst fokuserar på att problematisera den dominerande gruppens beteende och ge historiska exempel på tidigare separatistiska framgångar. Dessutom förekommer falska auktoritetsargument, som om de övriga argumenten inte upplevs starka nog. Motståndarna går hårdare fram och kostar på sig personangrepp och anklagelser, eftersom de tycks säkra på att de har en majoritet av den allmänna opinionen på sin sida. Detta förklaras med hjälp av tidigare exempel på kritik mot så kallad identitetspolitik som omöjliggörande solidaritet och gemensam kamp. Dessutom dras en parallell mellan separatisternas perspektiv och idén om white privilege och ”förblindade” motståndare. Ambitionen för tolkningen av analysens resultat var att tillämpa ett intersektionellt perspektiv. Insikten om olika faktorers inverkan gjorde det angeläget att även blottlägga min egen position. Den här uppsatsen presenteras därför som en tolkning av debatten om separatism utifrån min position som bland annat vit, kvinnlig student.

  • Sender, Camilla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi.
    Svensson, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi.
    Felsvarsanalys vid bedömning av flerspråkiga barns ordförråd: En kvantitativ och kvalitativ studie kring ordförrådsutvecklingen hos svensk-turkiska 4- och 7-åringar via ordförrådstestet Cross-linguistic Lexical Task (CLT)2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The knowledge about typical vocabulary development in bilingual children is limited, which is why bilingual children incorrectly might be diagnosed with language impairment. The aim of this study is to investigate the Swedish vocabulary of 4- and 7-year-old bilingual Swedish-Turkish children via the vocabulary test Cross-linguistic Lexical Task (CLT). The assessment has been carried out earlier within the project BiLI-TAS and included 52 children, equally distributed over the two age groups, who both understood and spoke Swedish and Turkish. The test included both production and comprehension of nouns and verbs. The authors of this thesis have analysed the incorrect answers given by the children in the production part of the vocabulary test. The responses were categorised through an elaborated category system to map out the word knowledge of the children in detail. The emphasis of the study was on the qualitative analysis, although a quantitative analysis was also made of all parts of the test. The results of the quantitative analyses showed that the 7-year-old children had a higher result (96,6 points) than the 4-year-old children (67,5 points) on all parts of the test (120 points in total). The difference between the age groups was significant. Both age groups achieved higher results when nouns were tested than when verbs were. This difference was small but significant. One third of the participants got equal or higher results in the verb part than in the noun part of the test. The results of the qualitative analysis showed that the younger children more often than the older children used alternative ways to express themselves than through the Swedish language (they used Turkish or gestures). The older children more often chose to not give any response or to make a circumlocution or invent a new word. Both age groups made more taxonomic errors (e.g. bird instead of the target word owl) than thematic associations (e.g. paint instead of the target word paintbrush), which suggests that the syntagmatic-paradigmatic shift begins earlier than other studies have shown (Holmström, Salameh, Nettelbladt, & Dahlgren Sandberg, 2016; Namei, 2004). However, the 7-year-old children made more taxonomic errors than the 4-year-old children. The conclusion of this study was that a qualitative analysis of the incorrect answers in a vocabulary test may complement a quantitative analysis by giving information about the children’s word knowledge. This may hopefully give important clues when diagnosing language impairment in the future.

    Kunskapen kring flerspråkiga barns typiska ordförrådsutveckling är begränsad. Detta gör att flerspråkiga barn riskerar att felaktigt diagnosticeras med språkstörning. Syftet med denna studie är att via ordförrådstestet Cross-linguistic Lexical Task (CLT) undersöka det svenska ordförrådet hos flerspråkiga svensk-turkiska 4- och 7-åringar. Testningen har genomförts tidigare inom projektet BiLI-TAS och omfattade 52 barn, jämnt fördelade över de två åldersgrupperna, som både talade och förstod svenska och turkiska. Testet omfattade såväl förståelse som produktion av både substantiv och verb. Författarna till denna uppsats har analyserat de inkorrekta svar som barnen gett i produktionsdelen av ordförrådstestet genom att kategorisera dessa efter ett utarbetat kategorisystem för att mer ingående kartlägga barnens ordkunskap. Fokus i studien låg på denna kvalitativa undersökning av barnens felsvar, men även en kvantitativ analys av testets samtliga delar har genomförts. Resultaten av den kvantitativa analysen visade att 7-åringarna fick högre resultat (96,6 poäng) än 4-åringarna (67,5 poäng) på samtliga deltester (totalt 120 poäng). Skillnaden mellan grupperna var signifikant. Båda ålders-grupperna fick också ett litet men signifikant högre resultat på substantivdelarna än på verbdelarna av testet. En tredjedel av alla deltagare fick dock lika höga eller högre resultat på verbdelen av testet. Resultaten av den kvalitativa analysen visade att de yngre barnen oftare än de äldre använde andra sätt att uttrycka sig på än med svenska ord (de använde turkiska eller gester). De äldre barnen valde oftare att inte ge någon respons eller att göra en omskrivning eller nyordbildning. Båda åldersgrupperna gjorde fler taxonomiskt relaterade fel (t.ex. fågel istället för målordet uggla) än tematiska associationer (t.ex. måla istället för målordet pensel), vilket tyder på att det syntagmatisk-paradigmatiska skiftet inleds tidigare än vad andra studier visat (Holmström, Salameh, Nettelbladt, & Dahlgren Sandberg, 2016; Namei, 2004). Det förekom dock fler taxonomiskt relaterade felsvar hos 7-åringarna jämfört med hos 4-åringarna. Slutsatsen i denna studie var att en kvalitativ analys av felsvaren i ett ordförrådstest kan komplettera en kvantitativ analys genom att ge information kring barnens ordkunskap. Detta kan förhoppningsvis ge ledtrådar vid diagnosticering av språkstörning i framtiden.

  • Liljenfeldt, Johanna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Keskitalo, Carina
    Umeå universitet, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Regionala och kommunala mål för hållbarhetsarbete i Umeåregionen2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 2008-2010 samverkade sex kommuner i Umeåregionen ("Hållbara Umeåregionen") runt försök att genomföra Ålborgåtagandena om hållbar utveckling – en process som kommunerna och kommunförbundet inbjudit forskning om. Inom ramen för projektet har de sex kommunerna antagit lokala hållbarhetsstrategier med kommunvisa prioriteringar. Dessa prioriteringar diskuterades inom Umeåregionssamarbetet för att eventuellt samordnas och för att nå prioriteringar som ses som lämpliga både i individuella kommuner och i regionen som helhet. Förutom arbetet på kommunal nivå och inom samarbetet existerar också regionala mål i Västerbottens län samt inom den privata sektorn (Tillväxtalliansen).

    Sammanvägningen och prioriteringen av hållbarhetsmål är komplex både i termer av vilka aktörer som ska ingå och vilka roller dessa tar, samt genom arbetet med de breda sociala, ekonomiska och miljömässiga mål som Ålborgåtagandena ställer. Detta möjliggör ett stort antal olika prioriteringar, med olika nivå av regionalisering av beslut, där även andra teoretiska och praktiska kriterier för hållbarhet kan spela in.

    Målet med den här rapporten är att undersöka och beskriva

    regionens och kommunernas förutsättningar samt arbete med Ålborgåtagandena inom Hållbara Umeåregionsprocessen.

    Vilka prioriteringsdokument existerar på regional samt kommunal nivå angående hållbarhetsfrågor?

    Vilka prioriteringar inom hållbarhetsarbete utvecklades under Hållbara Umeåregionsprojektet?

    Studien beskriver därmed ett komplext fall av regionalt arbete med hållbar utveckling i praktiken. Rapporten beskriver existerande mål och prioriteringar i olika dokument på regionala nivåer, kommunal nivå och slutligen under Ålborgsamarbetet. 

  • Liljenfeldt, Johanna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Keskitalo, Carina
    Umeå universitet, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Kriterier och indikatorer på hållbar utveckling: exempel från teori och praktik2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns inte något universalt sätt att varken definiera hållbarhet eller att försöka mäta framstegen mot eller att hållbarhet uppnåtts. Tankar kring hållbar utveckling har varit en del av samhällsdebatten och politiken speciellt sedan år 1980, då begreppet introducerades i IUCN-rapporten

    World Conservation Strategy: Living resources for sustainable development (Olsson et al, 2004). Den definition som oftast citeras idag är dock den som slogs fast i Brundtland-rapporten år 1987: "Hållbar utveckling är en utveckling som tillfredsställer dagens behov utan att äventyra kommande generationers möjligheter att tillfredsställa sina behov" (NE, Internet, 2009-05-25). Idag anses hållbar utveckling oftast omfatta tre olika aspekter. För det första innebär hållbar utveckling att olika dimensioner av utveckling måste vägas samman. I allmänhet nämns här sociala, ekonomiska och ekologiska dimensioner i första hand. För det andra dyker ofta tids- och rumsförhållanden upp i diskussioner om hållbarhet. Vad gäller tidsaspekten är det här frågan om det ansvar som samhället har för kommande generationer och för att det som görs idag inte bara skall vara hållbart nu utan även leda till en hållbar framtid. Rumsförhållandet handlar om det ansvar för och påverkan som ett samhälle har på ett annat samhälles möjlighet att få en hållbar utveckling. Den tredje dimensionen som hållbarhetsbegreppet oftast innefattar relaterar till delaktighet. Detta handlar om att en hållbar utveckling bör utgå från och vara förankrad i en bred allmänhet. Det vill säga ingen enskild beslutsfattare bör på egen hand besluta om hur ett samhälles strategier för hållbarhet skall se ut. Istället kräver detta arbete att exempelvis medborgare, intresseorganisationer, privat- och offentligsektor skall samverka i detta arbete.Målet med den här rapporten är att beskriva kriterier för och indikatorer på hållbar utveckling. Studien beskriver därmed de processer och innehållsindikatorer som kan användas för att i ett praktiskt fall bedöma vilka delar och aktörer som inkluderas och prioriteras i processerna. Rapporten beskriver och sammanställer olika teoretiska och praktiska modeller med relevans för att tillämpa hållbarhetskriterier lokalt och regionalt, med målet att inkludera en bredd av hållbarhetsprocesser och exempel från mätbara och certifierbara system till generella principer. Studien lägger också specifik vikt vid system med relevans för den svenska kontexten speciellt i kommuner och regioner.

    2Med ovanstående i åtanken kommer upplägget i den här texten därför inte att vara att försöka ge svar på vad exakt hållbar utveckling eller indikatorer på det samma är. Istället kommer här att presenteras hur begreppen mer allmänt definieras samt ges förslag på hur man kan se på och kategorisera hållbar utveckling samt på hur man kan se på, kategorisera och ta fram indikatorer för hållbar utveckling (HUT-indikatorer). Ett axplock från den stora skara av lednings- och styrsystem som finns idag kommer även att beskrivas.

  • Liljenfeldt, Johanna
    Umeå universitet, Kulturgeografi.
    Wind power development as a means to local economic development2013In: Natural resources and regional development theory / [ed] Linda Lundmark, Camilla Sandström, Umeå: Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Umeå universitet , 2013, 124-141 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Hamilton, Joshua J.
    et al.
    University of Wisconsin—Madison, Madison, USA.
    Garcia, Sarahi L.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology.
    Brown, Brittany S.
    University of Wisconsin—Madison, Madison, USA.
    Oyserman, Ben O.
    University of Wisconsin—Madison, Madison, USA.
    Moya-Flores, Francisco
    University of Wisconsin—Madison, Madison, USA.
    Bertilsson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Malmstrom, Rex R.
    United States Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, USA.
    Forest, Katrina T.
    University of Wisconsin—Madison, Madison, USA.
    McMahon, Katherine D.
    University of Wisconsin—Madison, Madison, USA.
    Metabolic Network Analysis and Metatranscriptomics Reveal Auxotrophies and Nutrient Sources of the Cosmopolitan Freshwater Microbial Lineage acI2017In: mSystems, E-ISSN 2379-5077, Vol. 2, no 4, e00091-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An explosion in the number of available genome sequences obtained through metagenomics and single-cell genomics has enabled a new view of the diversity of microbial life, yet we know surprisingly little about how microbes interact with each other or their environment. In fact, the majority of microbial species remain uncultivated, while our perception of their ecological niches is based on reconstruction of their metabolic potential. In this work, we demonstrate how the “seed set framework,” which computes the set of compounds that an organism must acquire from its environment (E. Borenstein, M. Kupiec, M. W. Feldman, and E. Ruppin, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:14482–14487, 2008, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0806162105 ), enables computational analysis of metabolic reconstructions while providing new insights into a microbe’s metabolic capabilities, such as nutrient use and auxotrophies. We apply this framework to members of the ubiquitous freshwater actinobacterial lineage acI, confirming and extending previous experimental and genomic observations implying that acI bacteria are heterotrophs reliant on peptides and saccharides. We also present the first metatranscriptomic study of the acI lineage, revealing high expression of transport proteins and the light-harvesting protein actinorhodopsin. Putative transport proteins complement predictions of nutrients and essential metabolites while providing additional support of the hypothesis that members of the acI are photoheterotrophs.

  • Lensander, Bjorn
    Modern Human Rights in Europe: The Legacy of the Enlightenment2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ström, Per
    Uppsala University, University Administration.
    Promotionsfesten i Uppsala den 26 januari 20182018Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))