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  • Boström, Oscar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Lundgren, Sofia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Intern kommunikation kring hållbarhet - En fallstudie vid Swedbank och Länsförsäkringar Bank2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hållbarhet är aktuellt för den enskilde individen och för företag. Företag kommunicerar sina hållbarhetsarbeten externt på olika sätt men för att effektivisera hållbarhetsarbetet behöver samtliga medarbetare involveras. Genom en tydlig intern- och tvåvägskommunikation kan företag dra större nytta av deras hållbarhetsarbete.

    Denna kvalitativa undersökning har syftat till att undersöka hur hållbarhetsarbetet kommuniceras internt i Swedbank och Länsförsäkringar Bank samt i vilken utsträckning företagen uppvisar likheter och skillnader. Forskningsfrågorna har besvarats genom intervjuer med personer i chefsbefattning och kundrådgivare. Teorier om intern kommunikation samt kommunikationsmodell ligger till grund för analysen av den empiriska undersökningen.

    Trots företagens storleksmässiga och strukturella skillnader uppvisar företagen många likheter. En stor skillnad är var i organisationen en hållbarhetsansvarig är stationerad och hur det påverkar medarbetare på kontoren. Ett förekommande problem som visat sig är mängden information som kommuniceras inom företaget vilket chefer är medvetna om och försöker därför sålla och anpassa informationen.

  • Babakhani, Victor
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Christoffer, Aalhuizen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Oil Price and Sector Returns: An International Analysis on the role of Oil Dependency in the Financial Sector2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Olja har under det förgångna seklet varit en av industrialiseringens stöttepelare. Idag, med omfattande satsningar inom hållbar utveckling så är inverkan av oljan högt aktuellt och inom en snar framtid kan den se en påtaglig nedbringa även om det har visats att dess relevans kommer kvarstå åtminstone fram till 2040. Tidigare forskning har påvisat att fluktuationer i oljepriset är en bidragsgivare till de systematiska risker företag ställs inför dagligen. Denna studie utvidgade analysområdet genom att välja ut länder med en netto-import av olja och sortera de på den andel relativa oljetillförsel som nationen erhållit gentemot nivån av systematisk risk från oljeprisfluktuationer som företagen ställs inför. Analysen utfördes över 120 Finansiella företag i 12 europeiska länder. Det anträffades utpräglade mönster i studiens resultat som kan antyda en koppling mellan dessa variabler, men resultaten återfinns i majoritet till att inte uppnå statistisk signifikans. Vidare kan studiens modell utgöra en bas för vidare forskning inom området.

  • Juwono, Jonathan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Malmstedt, Ebba
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Doftens påverkan: En kvantitativ studie om multi-sensorisk marknadsföring2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen undersöker hur multi-sensorisk stimuli med förstärkt kongruent doft kopplat till en given produkt påverkar konsumentens köpbeteende i form av köpvolym och impulsköp. Vidare undersöker även studien hur konsumentens uppmärksammande av visuellt stimuli kopplat till produkten påverkar doftkännedomen. Teorier för köpbeslutsprocessen, sinnesmarknadsföring, impulsköp och multi-sensorisk stimuli ligger till grund för studien och som analysmodell används Stimuli-Organism-Respons. Undersökningen fortgår under fyra veckor i en livsmedelsbutik, för perioden samlas 115 enkätsvar in. Det mest framstående resultatet visar att multi-sensorisk stimuli med förstärkt kongruent doft påverkar konsumentens emotionella perception. Detta tyder på att användningen av luktsinnet i marknadsföring är essentiellt i avseende att skapa en direkt påverkan på konsumentens affektiva tillstånd. 

  • Syk, Mikaela
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.
    Ellström, Sofie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.
    Mwinyi, Jessica
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Functional Pharmacology.
    Schiöth, Helgi B.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Functional Pharmacology.
    Ekselius, Lisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.
    Ramklint, Mia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.
    Cunningham, Janet L.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.
    Plasma levels of leptin and adiponectin and depressive symptoms in young adults.2019In: Psychiatry Research, ISSN 0165-1781, E-ISSN 1872-7123, Vol. 272, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Circulating levels of adipokines are known to be associated with depression. This study aimed to investigate a possible association between leptin, adiponectin and dimensional measures of depressive symptoms in young adults with and without psychiatric illness. Total plasma adiponectin and leptin levels were measured in 194 young adults seeking psychiatric ambulatory care and 57 healthy controls. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Self-Rating Scale (MADRS-S). Analysis was performed on men and women separately. P-leptin levels were significantly elevated in patients compared with controls and correlated with total MADRS-S scores in the women. Women with P-leptin in the highest quartile reached a significantly higher MADRS-S score than women in the lowest quartile, but this difference disappeared after adjusting for body mass index (BMI) and antidepressant use. MADRS-S score was associated with P-leptin in female patients without antidepressant use, independently of BMI. There was no association between P-leptin levels and current major depression. P-adiponectin levels were not associated with depressive symptoms or current major depression. The findings indicate that P-leptin levels are associated with depressive symptom severity in young women; however, the association is linked to other factors, which challenges its usefulness as a biomarker for depression in clinical psychiatry.

  • Public defence: 2019-03-01 13:15 Eva Netzelius, Uppsala
    Hofverberg, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Crafting Sustainable Development: Studies of Teaching and Learning Craft in Environmental and Sustainability Education2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of the thesis is to contribute with new and deepened knowledge about the teaching and learning of craft when the crafting activity is considered as environmental and sustainability education (ESE). To achieve this, three objectives have been formulated: to examine what constitutes a craft subject content relevant for ESE, to examine what influences the learning process when the crafting activity is considered as ESE, and to examine how the crafting material participates in the learning process when the crafting activity is considered as ESE. The three research objectives are addressed by four studies: one literature study (Paper I) and three case studies where the empirical data is constructed through observations (video recordings) of a remake project (Papers II and IV) and an embroidery project (Paper III) in the craft subject ‘educational sloyd’ in Sweden. The main theories that the thesis draws on are Tim Ingold’s theory of making as a practice of correspondence and John Dewey’s transactional approach to meaning-making. Several methods that acknowledge learning in action are used, which makes it possible to explore how the student–material relations emerge and how both humans and more-than-humans participate in the learning activity. The findings show that a craft activity, for example a remake project, can have different purposes and pedagogies, which produce different learning experiences and sustainability outcomes. Further, I identify and distinguish a process content from a product content, which deepens our understanding of what students learn when the crafting activity is considered as ESE. By focusing on how the student–material relations emerge in the learning process – with concepts that I use and develop such as correspondence, stories, and transactant – I empirically show how the crafting material not only participates with its materiality but also creates the embodied stories that students recognise when they encounter the crafting material in the crafting activity. How humans learn in socio-material relations and what consequences these have for ESE are two key issues that are further discussed when the crafting activity is considered as ESE. 

    List of papers
    1. Crafting sustainability?: An Explorative Study of Craft in Three Countercultures as a Learning Path for the Future
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Crafting sustainability?: An Explorative Study of Craft in Three Countercultures as a Learning Path for the Future
    2017 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Science and Technology Studies, ISSN 1894-4647, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 8-21Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    National Category
    Educational Sciences
    Research subject
    Curriculum Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-362795 (URN)
    Available from: 2018-10-10 Created: 2018-10-10 Last updated: 2019-01-09
    2. Recycling, crafting and learning: an empirical analysis of how students learn with garments and textile refuse in a school remake project
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Recycling, crafting and learning: an empirical analysis of how students learn with garments and textile refuse in a school remake project
    2018 (English)In: Environmental Education Research, ISSN 1350-4622, E-ISSN 1469-5871, Vol. 24, no 6, p. 775-790Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Creative remake assignments using garments and textile refuse are common educational projects to promote environmental and sustainability actions. However, very little empirical research has been carried out on the learning processes of remake projects. In this article, the aim is to examine how students learn with garments and textile refuse when engaging in a remake project. The exploration is conducted in a Swedish crafts class, educational sloyd, as a case. Practical epistemological analysis and the concept of transactant are used to analyse and be attentive to the learning process. The findings show how students transact with the idea of a product, the material's capabilities and the remake techniques. Further, the transactants show what participates and makes the learning process turn in specific directions, which is further discussed in the paper. Based on this empirical research, we may increase our understandings of how the learning processes is made in the remake project, and that knowledge can help us understand, and thus improve the quality of remake projects in relation to the environmental and sustainability aims.

    Keywords
    Recycling, remake, learning, arts and crafts, transactant
    National Category
    Pedagogy
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-354263 (URN)10.1080/13504622.2017.1338672 (DOI)000430846200001 ()
    Available from: 2018-06-28 Created: 2018-06-28 Last updated: 2019-01-09Bibliographically approved
    3. Human-material relationships in environmental and sustainability education: an empirical study of a school embroidery project
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Human-material relationships in environmental and sustainability education: an empirical study of a school embroidery project
    2018 (English)In: Environmental Education Research, ISSN 1350-4622, E-ISSN 1469-5871, Vol. 24, no 7, p. 955-968Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In recent discussions about the widening and opening up of anthropocentric perspectives in environmental and sustainability education (ESE) research, a recurrent issue has been what reasonably could be a subject of inquiry and an agent of knowledge. This article aims to showcase an empirical study of the relevance of human-material relationships in crafting learning processes by following an embroidery project with year 8 students in the Swedish craft subject of educational sloyd. How the human-material correspondence unfolds in the crafting learning process is analysed with the aid of Ingold's practice of correspondence and SOrensen's notion of participation, performance and imagination. Rather than assuming that materials contribute to certain environmental and sustainability aims, the analysis empirically demonstrates how the human-material correspondence unfolds. The analysis identifies three human-material relationships: attuning, troubling and tracing correspondence. Drawing on the findings, the human-material relevance for environmental and sustainability education and research is further discussed.

    National Category
    Learning
    Research subject
    Curriculum Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-362790 (URN)10.1080/13504622.2017.1358805 (DOI)000441636900003 ()
    Available from: 2018-10-10 Created: 2018-10-10 Last updated: 2019-01-09Bibliographically approved
    4. Entangled threads and crafted meanings: Students’ learning for sustainability
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entangled threads and crafted meanings: Students’ learning for sustainability
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Keywords
    Learning, handicraft, recycling clothes, remake pedagogy, mending
    National Category
    Didactics
    Research subject
    Curriculum Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-372975 (URN)
    Available from: 2019-01-09 Created: 2019-01-09 Last updated: 2019-01-09
  • Public defence: 2019-03-01 09:15 Rosénsalen, Uppsala
    Ehrstedt, Christoffer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
    Glioneuronal tumours in childhood: Clinical picture, long-term outcome and possible new treatments2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Glioneuronal tumours are a subgroup of low-grade tumours of the central nervous system (CNS), often causing epilepsy. Overall survival is excellent, but data regarding long-term seizure outcome and late effects are scarce.

    Aims: The overall aim was to gather data about pre- and postsurgical factors of importance and long-term outcomes to improve standards of care. Another aim was to explore the expression of somatostatin receptor (SSTR) subtypes and mTOR pathway markers.

    Methods: This thesis, based on four population-based studies with both retrospective and cross-sectional parts, was performed through a long-term follow-up of a Swedish cohort of children with glioneuronal tumours in the Uppsala-Örebro health region. Patients were identified from the National Brain Tumour Registry and the National Epilepsy Surgery Registry. Various methods were used: reviews of hospital medical records, patient interviews, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) assessments with generic (Short Form 36version2) and disease specific (Quality of Life in Epilepsy-31) questionnaires, neuropsychological evaluations with Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-IV or Wechsler Adult Intelligence Test-IV and Reys Complex Figure Test and evaluation for possible depression with Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale. Immunohistochemical analyses for SSTR subtypes 1, 2a, 3 and 5 and mTOR pathway components ezrin-radixin-moesin and pS6 were performed on tumour specimens.

    Results: Glioneuronal tumours seem to be more frequent than previously reported, accounting for 13.5% of all childhood CNS tumours. They often cause medically refractory epilepsy resulting in cognitive impairment. Neurosurgery was often delayed; mean time from symptom debut to lesionectomy was 4.6 years. Long-term seizure freedom was achieved in 84% of patients who had a gross total resection (GTR) and is important for long-term cognitive restitution, HRQoL, educational and vocational outcomes. SSTR2a and SSTR3 expression was a frequent finding in glioneuronal tumours. Signs of mTOR pathway activation were abundant in ganglioglioma.

    Conclusions: A safe GTR should be striven for and considered a first-line treatment. Long-term clinical follow-up should be offered to all patients and for those with an inoperable tumour/tumour remnant causing tumour growth and/or medically refractory epilepsy, somatostatin analogues and/or mTOR inhibitors might represent a therapeutic alternative worth exploring further.

    List of papers
    1. Clinical characteristics and late effects in CNS tumours of childhood: Do not forget long term follow-up of the low grade tumours
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Clinical characteristics and late effects in CNS tumours of childhood: Do not forget long term follow-up of the low grade tumours
    Show others...
    2016 (English)In: European journal of paediatric neurology, ISSN 1090-3798, E-ISSN 1532-2130, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 580-587Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To investigate clinical characteristics and late effects of CNS tumours in childhood with a special focus on low-grade tumours, especially low-grade astrocytoma and glib neuronal tumours. Methods: A retrospective population based study was performed at Uppsala University Children's Hospital, a tertiary referral centre for children with CNS tumours. Patients were identified from the National Brain Tumour Registry and the National Epilepsy Surgery Registry. Hospital medical records were analysed for patients with a follow up of >= 5 years after diagnosis. A re-evaluation of the neuro-pathological diagnosis was performed. Results: A total of 193 patients (age 0-17.99 years) during a twelve-year period (1995-2006) were included; 149 survived >= 5 years. Three larger subgroups could be identified: astrocytic, embryonal and glioneuronal tumours. A supratentorial location was found in 52%. Medical late effects were mainly neurological and endocrinological, affecting 81% and 26% of surviving patients. Cognitive late effects were a frequent finding in the whole group but also in low-grade astrocytoma and glioneuronal tumours (53% and 67%). Thirty per cent had some kind of pedagogic support in school. Conclusion: Late effects are common in long-term survivors of CNS tumours in childhood. Low-grade astrocytoma and glioneuronal tumours are no exception, and the findings support the need for long-term follow up.

    Keywords
    Childhood, CNS-tumour, Cognitive, Late effects, Low grade
    National Category
    Neurology Pediatrics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-300544 (URN)10.1016/j.ejpn.2016.04.009 (DOI)000379106700014 ()27157245 (PubMedID)
    Available from: 2016-08-10 Created: 2016-08-09 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved
    2. Glioneuronal tumors in childhood - Before and after surgery. A long-term follow-up study
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Glioneuronal tumors in childhood - Before and after surgery. A long-term follow-up study
    Show others...
    2017 (English)In: Epilepsy & Behavior, ISSN 1525-5050, E-ISSN 1525-5069, Vol. 72, p. 82-88Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To give a detailed description of the long-term outcome of a cohort of children with glioneuronal tumors regarding pre-and postsurgical factors, including "dual" and "double" pathology, seizure freedom, and psychosocial outcome.

    Methods: During a fifteen-year period (1995-2009), all patients (age 0-17.99 years) with a glioneuronal brain tumor diagnosed and treated at Uppsala University Children's Hospital were identified from the National Brain Tumor Registry and the National Epilepsy Surgery Registry. Hospital medical records were reviewed and neuroradiological and neuropathological findings were re-evaluated. A cross-sectional long-term follow-up prospective evaluation, including an interview, neurologic examination, and electroencephalogram, was accomplished in patients accepting participants in the study.

    Results: A total of 25 out of 28 (89%) eligible patientswere included. The M: F ratiowas 1.5: 1. Mean follow-up time after surgery was 12.1 years (range 5.0-19.3). Twenty patients were adults (N18 years) at follow-up. Seizure freedomwas achieved in 64%. Gross total resection (GTR) was the only preoperative factor significantly correlating to seizure freedom (p= 0.027). Thirty-eight percent were at some time postoperatively admitted for a psychiatric evaluation. There was a trend towards both higher educational level and employment status in adults who became seizure free.

    Conclusion: Long-termoutcome is good regarding seizure freedom if GTR can be achieved, but late seizure recurrence can occur. "Dual" and "double" pathology is uncommon and does not influence seizure outcome. Obtaining seizure freedomseems to be important for psychosocial outcome, but there is a risk for psychiatric comorbidities and long-term follow-up by a multi-professional team is advisable.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE, 2017
    Keywords
    Glioneuronal tumor, Childhood, "Dual" pathology, "Double" pathology, Seizure outcome, Psychosocial outcome
    National Category
    Medical and Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-333399 (URN)10.1016/j.yebeh.2017.02.012 (DOI)000406321300015 ()28575773 (PubMedID)
    Available from: 2017-11-16 Created: 2017-11-16 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved
    3. Cognition, health-related quality of life, and mood in children and young adults diagnosed with a glioneuronal tumor in childhood
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cognition, health-related quality of life, and mood in children and young adults diagnosed with a glioneuronal tumor in childhood
    Show others...
    2018 (English)In: Epilepsy & Behavior, ISSN 1525-5050, E-ISSN 1525-5069, Vol. 83, p. 59-66Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate long-term cognitive outcome, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and psychiatric symptoms in children and young adults diagnosed with a glioneuronal tumor in childhood.

    Methods: Twenty-eight children and adolescents (0-17.99 years) with a minimum postoperative follow-up time of five years were eligible for the study; four persons declined participation. A cross-sectional long-term follow-up evaluation was performed using the following study measures: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV) or Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-IV), Reys Complex Figure Test (RCFT), Short Form 36 version 2 (SF-36v2), Short Form 10 (SF-10), Quality of Life in Epilepsy 31 (QOLIE-31), Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS) or Beck Youth Inventory Scales (BYI), and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Historical WISC-III and RCFT data were used to compare cognitive longitudinal data.

    Results: Mean follow-up time after surgery was 12.1 years. Sixty-three percent (15/24) were seizure-free. Despite a successive postoperative gain in cognitive function, a significant reduction relative to norms was seen in the seizure-free group with respect to perceptual reasoning index (PRI), working memory index (WMI), and full-scale intelligence quotient (FSIQ). Seizure freedom resulted in acceptable HRQoL. Thirty-two percent and 16% exceeded the threshold level of possible anxiety and depression, respectively, despite seizure freedom.

    Conclusion: Although lower than in corresponding reference groups, cognitive outcome and HRQoL are good provided that seizure freedom or at least a low seizure severity can be achieved. There is a risk of elevated levels of psychiatric symptoms. Long-term clinical follow-up is advisable.

    Keywords
    Glioneuronal brain tumors, Cognition, Quality of life, Mood, Long-term outcome
    National Category
    Pediatrics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-357694 (URN)10.1016/j.yebeh.2018.03.026 (DOI)000434400600009 ()29654937 (PubMedID)
    Available from: 2018-08-22 Created: 2018-08-22 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved
    4. Somatostatin receptor expression and mTOR pathway activation in glioneuronal tumours of childhood
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Somatostatin receptor expression and mTOR pathway activation in glioneuronal tumours of childhood
    Show others...
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    National Category
    Pediatrics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-371905 (URN)
    Available from: 2019-01-03 Created: 2019-01-03 Last updated: 2019-01-07
  • Lerdell, André
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Systems and Control.
    Shadman, Simon
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Systems and Control.
    Maskininlärning inom kundanalys: Prediktion av kundbeteende inom energibranchen2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis considers the problem of churn within the electricity distribution sector. More specifically, this study evaluates how supervised machine learning can be used by a Swedish electricity distributor in order to identify customer churn. The data was by provided by the electricity distributor and covered personal, geographical and contract specific information regarding the company’s customers. The provided data was complemented with external data covering the customers’ financial positions. Based on this information the possibility to predict customer churn over a three-month period with a gradient boosted decision tree was evaluated. The results from the proposed models suggests that the possibility to identify customer churn is rather poor and could not be used in a practice. This is believed to be a result of unbalanced class distributions and that the data provided simply is not informative enough to accurately predict customer churn. If more information about the customers is collected, with predictive analyses in mind, the performance of the model is likely to increase.

  • Nilsson, Fanny
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ceder Thorin, Fabian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Opartisk journalistik eller känslomässig retorik?: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av Kalla Fakta & Uppdrag Granskning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of an examination of two separate episodes of investigative journalism. These two episodes are Dömda för våldtäkt produced by SVT1 and Slutstationen produced by TV4. Each episode was released during the early autumn of 2018 and received substantial criticism for their lack of responsible journalism and proper media ethics. This essay intends to thoroughly investigate each of these episodes in order to determine their ethical value and potential risks. In order to do so we examined several scientific outlooks on media ethics as well as the guidelines used by the separate media houses to conclusively summarise adequate characteristics of media ethics of which to examine the episodes by. In this essay we use theories by Stephen Ward, Torbjörn Von Krogh as well as Mats Ekström and Stig Arne Nohrstedt’s research on the subject. To analyse the episodes we have used a qualitative research method of critical examination as defined by Esaiasson et al. in order to summarise each episode’s ethical value and discuss if they follow the ethical guidelines or not.

    We discovered that each of the episodes were barely lacking in parts of the criteria, and the largest issue is regarding how much of a consequence ethics perspective that should be involved in a media ethics framework. This essay foremost presents an issue of intentions. Each episodes’ intention to produce critical journalism is greater than their use of proper media ethics which might discredit their journalism to a certain extent.

  • Ekman, Malin
    et al.
    Nina, Damber
    Specialistsjuksköterskors kompetens och dessbetydelse för vårdkvalitet och vårdutveckling: - en litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research has proven that a care of high quality is connected with a high degree of nursing competence. Although nurse specialists with advanced education have responsibilities to implement evidence-based research in practice, in addition to improve the quality of nursing care, there is a lack of a comprehensive and clear description of what this actually means and how their skills best should be applied.

    The purpose of this study is to examine the roles of nurse specialists and the impact their professional knowledge has on quality of care and health care development.

    A literature review was performed. Eighteen articles, of which twelve with qualitative method and six with quantitative method, were included in the result. A thematic analysis was made of the results of the articles.

    The skills of specialist nurses proved to be important for several patient groups as well as for other healthcare professions. The advanced competence made a difference for both quality of care and healthcare improvement. Thus, several challenges like organizational resistance and ambiguity in role descriptions can lead to a lack of development opportunities and that the competence of specialist nurses are not being fully utilized. The skills of nurse specialists need to be seen by healthcare organizations as a prerequisite for the improvement of care and for the development of care quality.

  • Vaughn, Paulina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Pushed towards the mainstream: A mixed method study of the West European radical left parties’ changing Eurosceptic positions.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Public defence: 2019-03-09 10:15 Humanistiska teatern, Uppsala
    Tang, Marc
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    A typology of classifiers and gender: From description to computation2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Categorization is one the most relevant tasks realized by humans during their life, as we consistently need to categorize the things and experience that we encounter. Such need is reflected in language via various mechanisms, the most prominent being nominal classification systems (e.g., grammatical gender such as the masculine/feminine distinction in French). Typological methods are used to investigate the underlying functions and structures of such systems, using a wide variety of cross-linguistic data to examine universality and variability. This analysis is itself a classification task, as languages are categorized and clustered according to their grammatical features. This thesis provides a cross-linguistic typological analysis of nominal classification systems and in parallel compares a number of quantitative methods that can be applied at different scales.

    First, this thesis provides an analysis of nominal classification systems (i.e., gender and classifiers) via the description of three languages with respectively gender, classifiers, and both. While the analysis of the first two languages are more of a descriptive nature and aligns with findings in the existing literature, the third language provides novel insights to the typology of nominal classification systems by demonstrating how classifiers and gender may co-occur in one language in terms of distribution of functions. Second, the underlying logic of nominal classification systems is commonly considered difficult to investigate, e.g., is there a consistent logic behind gender assignment in language? is it possible to explain the distribution of classifier languages of the world while taking into account geographical and genealogical effects? This thesis addresses the lack of arbitrariness of nominal classification systems at three different scales: The distribution of classifiers at the worldwide level, the presence of gender within a language family, and gender assignment at the language-internal level. The methods of random forests, phylogenetics, and word embeddings with neural networks are selected since they are respectively applicable at three different scales of research questions (worldwide, family-internal, language-internal).

    List of papers
    1. The lexical and discourse functions of grammatical gender in Marathi
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The lexical and discourse functions of grammatical gender in Marathi
    2018 (English)In: Journal of South Asian languages and linguistics, ISSN 2196-0771, E-ISSN 2196-078X, Vol. 5, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) In press
    National Category
    General Language Studies and Linguistics
    Research subject
    Indology with Classical Sanscrit
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-366417 (URN)10.1515/jsall-2018-0012 (DOI)
    Available from: 2018-11-20 Created: 2018-11-20 Last updated: 2018-12-13
    2. Nominal classification in Assamese: An analysis of function
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nominal classification in Assamese: An analysis of function
    2019 (English)In: Nominal Classification in Asia: Functional and diachronic perspectives / [ed] Marc Tang and Marcin Kilarski, John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2019
    National Category
    General Language Studies and Linguistics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-366419 (URN)
    Available from: 2018-11-20 Created: 2018-11-20 Last updated: 2018-11-21
    3. Functions of gender and numeral classifiers in Nepali
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Functions of gender and numeral classifiers in Nepali
    (English)In: Poznan Studies in Contemporary Linguistics, ISSN 1732-0747, E-ISSN 1897-7499Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
    National Category
    General Language Studies and Linguistics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-366473 (URN)
    Available from: 2018-11-20 Created: 2018-11-20 Last updated: 2018-11-21
    4. Numeral base, numeral classifier, and noun: Word order harmonization
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Numeral base, numeral classifier, and noun: Word order harmonization
    (English)In: Language and linguistics/Yuyan Ji Yuyangxue, ISSN 1606-822X, E-ISSN 2309-5067, Vol. 22, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) In press
    National Category
    General Language Studies and Linguistics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-366474 (URN)
    Available from: 2018-11-20 Created: 2018-11-20 Last updated: 2018-11-29
    5. Insights on the Greenberg-Sanches-Slobin Generalization: Quantitative typological data on classifiers and plural markers
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Insights on the Greenberg-Sanches-Slobin Generalization: Quantitative typological data on classifiers and plural markers
    (English)In: Folia linguistica, ISSN 0165-4004, E-ISSN 1614-7308Article in journal (Refereed) In press
    National Category
    General Language Studies and Linguistics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-366476 (URN)
    Available from: 2018-11-20 Created: 2018-11-20 Last updated: 2018-11-21
    6. Word order of numeral classifiers and numeral bases: Harmonization by multiplication
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Word order of numeral classifiers and numeral bases: Harmonization by multiplication
    (English)In: Language Typology and Universals, ISSN 1867-8319, E-ISSN 2196-7148Article in journal (Refereed) In press
    National Category
    General Language Studies and Linguistics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-366477 (URN)
    Available from: 2018-11-20 Created: 2018-11-20 Last updated: 2018-11-21
    7. A Statistical Explanation of the Distribution of Sortal Classifiers in Languages of the World via Computational Classifiers
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Statistical Explanation of the Distribution of Sortal Classifiers in Languages of the World via Computational Classifiers
    2018 (English)In: Journal of Quantitative Linguistics, ISSN 0929-6174, E-ISSN 1744-5035Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies demonstrate that morphosyntactic plural markers and the structure of numeral systems have individually strong predictive power with regard to the usage of sortal classifiers in languages. We use these two factors as explanatory variables to train the computational classifier of random forests and evaluate the accuracy of their predictive power when selecting the existence/absence of sortal classifiers as response variable. Our results show that these two factors result in an excellent discrimination performance of random forests, even when taking into account sortal classifiers as an areal feature. However, the correlation between morphosyntactic plural markers and multiplicative bases is weaker than the correlation between sortal classifiers and plural markers plus multiplicative bases. We are thus able to provide novel insights with regard to probabilistic universals on sortal classifiers, and suggest an innovative cross-disciplinary approach to test the effect of implicational universals with computational methods.

    National Category
    General Language Studies and Linguistics Language Technology (Computational Linguistics)
    Research subject
    Linguistics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-362252 (URN)10.1080/09296174.2018.1523777 (DOI)
    Available from: 2018-10-03 Created: 2018-10-03 Last updated: 2018-11-21Bibliographically approved
    8. Measuring the phylogenetic signal of grammatical gender in Indo-Aryan languages
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Measuring the phylogenetic signal of grammatical gender in Indo-Aryan languages
    (English)In: Language Dynamics and Change, ISSN 2210-5824, E-ISSN 2210-5832Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
    National Category
    General Language Studies and Linguistics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-366596 (URN)
    Available from: 2018-11-21 Created: 2018-11-21 Last updated: 2018-11-23
    9. Linguistic information in word embeddings
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Linguistic information in word embeddings
    2019 (English)In: Lecture notes in artificial intelligence / [ed] Randy Goebel, Yuzuru Tanaka, and Wolfgang Wahlster, Dordrecht: Springer, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Dordrecht: Springer, 2019
    National Category
    General Language Studies and Linguistics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-366478 (URN)
    Available from: 2018-11-20 Created: 2018-11-20 Last updated: 2018-11-21
    10. Lexical and Morpho-syntactic Features in Word Embeddings: A Case Study of Nouns in Swedish
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lexical and Morpho-syntactic Features in Word Embeddings: A Case Study of Nouns in Swedish
    2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence: Volume 2, Setubal: SciTePress, 2018, p. 663-674Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Setubal: SciTePress, 2018
    National Category
    General Language Studies and Linguistics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-351926 (URN)978-989-758-275-2 (ISBN)
    Available from: 2018-05-31 Created: 2018-05-31 Last updated: 2018-11-21Bibliographically approved
  • Nilsson, Sofi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Tryggad försörjning av textil: Svensk ekonomisk beredskap av textil 1972-19842019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att beskriva hur det system för ekonomisk beredskap som utvecklades iSverige inbegrep den inhemska textilindustrin. Uppsatsen beskriver om och på vilket sätt dennaindustri subventionerades av statliga medel. Undersökningen visar att under perioden 1972-1984erhöll svensk textilindustri minst 280 st avskrivningslån från Överstyrelsen för ekonomiskt försvarsom hjälp till finansiering av investeringar. Huvudsakligen avsåg investeringarna uppdatering avföretagens maskinpark vilket bidrog till att säkerställa Sveriges beredskap och försörjning av textilier iett läge av krig eller avspärrning.

  • Sewerin, Disa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Lundin, Andrea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    En kvalitativ studie om organisationers utvärdering av extern kommunikation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to chart and enhance the knowledge of organizations’ evaluation of communication. The purpose is to understand what organizations evaluate, how they proceed and why it is important, as well as potential challenges they currently face. The framework of legitimacy and corporate reputation are taken into consideration when analyzing the results of the study. The results show the importance of indirect values of communication.

    Andrea Lundin & Disa Sewerin Institutionen för informatik och media C-uppsats i medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap HT 2018

    Seven managers, responsible for their specific organization’s communication, were interviewed to gather qualitative data. The spread of the organizations were from private to non-profit organizations in Sweden. The analyze method is qualitative in order to find codes, divide them into theme with the intent to find key patterns.

    The conclusion of the findings is that the mutual comprehension of the importance of evaluating communication in organizations today. The main theme, and finding, is organizations’ purpose of evaluating their communication; their impact of their communication based on profitability and hence worth to fund. With the economic values in mind, many organization overlook the indirect values communications contribute to. The indirect values are vital in order to strive for a strong corporate brand. Corporate branding is essential, yet the majority of organizations seems to not prioritize nor evaluate this. Depending on the type of organization, the opinion of importance of these indirect values differ.

    This study is relevant whereas it is a complement to the current research regarding evaluation of communication. This research contributes with an in-depth analysis regarding the challenges of evaluating indirect values, and the potential in what these evaluations can generate. The study contributes with an enhanced comprehension of the importance of these evaluations and highlights the obstacles that lie ahead to enable discovering the solutions and further research.

  • Åström Tolf, Linnéa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Unwillingly Advised: A field study on the dynamics of policy advice in developmentcooperation2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    While development cooperation largely consists of policy advice, the suggestions and inputs on development that policymakers in the Global South receive from donors and other international actors, little research exists on what makes policy advice useful to these policymakers. The aim of this study was to find out why policymakers in the Global South find some advice useful and some not. This was done through a field study in Kenya, using interviews with 23 policymakers and advisors. The analytical framework that was applied to the material reconciled the SCL model of analysing policy advice in terms of its content, with a critical postcolonial perspective which regarded the delivery of advice. The study showed that  the usefulness of policy advice for Kenyan policymakers is as dependent on the delivery of the advice as it is on its content, unlike what has been implied previously by Western research on think tanks. The study also concluded that not only is it possible to merge the two theoretical perspectives of policy advice and postcolonial theory, despite the difference in abstraction levels, applying a postcolonial perspective can be crucial in order to examine the full scope of what makes policy advice useful to policymakers in the Global South.

  • Forsberg, Ellika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi.
    Ohtamaa, Lotta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi.
    Listening Difficulties in children with Developmental Phonological Disorder: A survey of parents' perception of their children's listening abilities.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background/Aim: The British questionnaire ECLiPS (Evaluation of Children’s Listening and Processing Skills; Barry & Moore, 2015) aims to profile listening difficulties in children. The questionnaire consists of 38 statements, divided into five subscales, and a short survey with six questions about general health. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether children diagnosed with Developmental Phonological Disorder (DPD) in their preschool years (3-6 years of age) show listening difficulties in early school years (7-10 years).

    Methods: 113 guardians of children with Developmental Phonological Disorder (DPD) and 44 guardians of typically developing (TD) Swedish children participated in the study. Comparisons were made between the Swedish TD-group and the English reference (ER) group presented in the ECLiPS technical manual. Mean scores between the DPD-group and the TD-group were compared, as well as were the responses on the short survey. The groups were categorized by age and gender.

    Results: In general, high consistency was found between the ER- and TD-group in half of the comparisons; 7-, 9- and 10-year-old boys and 8-year-old girls. The DPD-group tended to show more symptoms of listening difficulties than the TD-group. However, the symptoms varied in relation to age and gender. For example, girls in the DPD-group had more symptoms in younger than in older ages. The short survey revealed that the DPD-group had a higher prevalence of ear infections than the TD-group. The difficulties seen in the DPD-group were most profound in statements concerning language, literacy and laterality.

    Conclusion: Our results indicate that listening difficulties as measured with the ECLiPS are more common in children diagnosed with DPD in preschool years, than typically developing children. The strongest indication for difficulties is seen in the statements regarding language and literacy.

     

    Bakgrund/syfte: Det brittiska frågeformuläret ECLiPS (Evaluation of Children’s Listening and Processing Skills; Barry & Moore, 2015) syftar till att kartlägga lyssningssvårigheter hos barn. Frågeformuläret består av 38 påståenden, indelade i fem underkategorier, samt en kort enkät med sex frågor rörande generell hälsa. Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka huruvida barn som hade diagnosticerats med fonologisk språkstörning (FS) i förskoleåldern (3-6 år) uppvisade lyssningssvårigheter i tidig skolålder (7-10 år).

    Metod: 113 vårdnadshavare till barn med fonologisk språkstörning och 44 vårdnadshavare till typiskt utvecklade (TU) svenska barn deltog i studien. Jämförelser gjordes mellan TU barn och den engelska referensgruppen (ER) som presenteras i ECLiPS tekniska manual. Barn med FS och barn med TU delades upp i mindre grupper baserat på kön och ålder, och medelvärdesjämförelser gjordes mellan grupperna. Jämförelser gjordes även av svaren på den medicinska enkäten.

    Resultat: Generellt sett hade ER-gruppen och barn med TU en hög grad av samstämmighet i hälften av jämförelserna; 7-, 9-, och 10-åriga pojkar samt 8-åriga flickor. Barn med FS tenderade att uppvisa en högre grad av lyssningssvårigheter än barn med TD. Dock varierade graden av symptom beroende på ålder och kön. Till exempel tenderade flickor med FS att uppvisa mer symptom i lägre än i högre åldrar. Svaren från den medicinska enkäten visade att barn med FS hade en högre prevalens av öroninfektioner än barn med TU. De svårigheter som barn med FS uppvisade var tydligast inom påståenden som rör språk, läs- och skrivförmåga och lateralitet.

    Slutsats: Våra resultat indikerar att de lyssningssvårigheter som mäts med ECLiPS är vanligare hos barn som diagnostiserats med fonologisk språkstörning i förskoleåldern än hos typiskt utvecklade barn. Den starkaste indikationen för svårigheter syns i de påståenden som rör språk-, läs- och skrivförmåga.

  • Yusuf, Hoodo
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Martinez Bergström, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Creating legitimacy within blockchain startups in a virtual context: A study on how decentralized organizations raise funds before executing an Initial Coin Offering.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats ämnar att undersöka de kommunikativa processer för blockedjeteknologi startups som ska lansera en så kallad “initial coin offering” och således mynta sin egna kryptovaluta, såsom till exempel bitcoin. Vi avser att undersöka det strategiska kommunikation processerna detta involverar.

    Från ena perspektivet är ett decentraliserat blockkedjesystem högt värderat på grund av det faktum att det jämställer samtliga medverkande och på så vis skapar en “perfekt demokrati”, å andra sidan argumenterar många att centralisering behövs för att bibehålla tillit. Tillit till organisationer skapas genom vetandet att det finns konsekvenser till dess handlingar som kan införas av högre auktoriteter ifall dessa handlingar faller utanför ramarna av vad som anses accepterat (De Fillipe & Wright, 2015). Utan en högre auktoritet som kan implementera detta blir tillit svårare att upprätthålla. Dock verkar blockkedjeteknologi motbevisa detta koncept. Hur är det möjligt för organisationer utan någon reglering från centrala myndigheter att skapa legitimitet och tillit för att på så sätt kunna få investeringar? Resultaten vi fann ställdes i jämförelse sig till våra tre legitimitets teorier som var kognitiv legitimitet, moral legitimitet och pragmatisk legitimitet, samt centrala teman och nyckelord. Att etablera en levande närvaro på sociala medier som till exempel Twitter, LinkedIn och framför allt Telegram grupper var mycket relevant. I telegram grupper sågs en grupp med många aktiva medlemmar och snabb svarsfrekvens från organisationen som mycket betydelsefullt, samt att ha botar som städar upp irrelevant material utan att deltagarna upplever detta som automatiserat och genuint. Att delta på event och etablera relationer med andra individer inom området och även närliggande områden som till exempel banksektorn var centralt, målet med detta var i många fall att kunna få betydelsefulla individer i sin styrelse av rådgivare vilket ökar legitimiteten. Att kunna ställa organisationens implementering av decentraliserad blockkedjeteknologi i jämförelse med den nuvarande centraliserade lösningen var essentiellt för att locka investerare som var villiga att riskera kapital för en ny modernare lösning.

  • Adolfsson, Tina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Crone, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Genus i matematikläromedel: Förändring över tid2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att utifrån ett genusperspektiv granska hur kvinnor/flickor och män/pojkar framställs i matematikläromedel från olika tidsepoker, samt om framställningen har förändrats över tid. För att besvara studiens syfte tillämpas två frågeställningar: I vilken utsträckning förekommer kvinnor/flickor och män/pojkar i namn, personliga pronomen och bild i matematikläromedel från olika tidsepoker? och I vilken utsträckning förekommer kvinnor/flickor och män/pojkar i typiskt kvinnligt respektive manligt kodade kläder och sysselsättningar i matematikläromedel från olika tidsepoker? Datainsamlingen genomförs genom en kvantitativ innehållsanalys av tre matematikserier avsedda för årskurs två – serien Matematik från år 1988, serien Lilla Mattestegen från år 2000–2011 och serien Singma matematik från år 2017–2018.

    Resultatet visar en relativt jämn fördelning mellan kvinnor/flickor och män/pojkar i namn, personliga pronomen och bild. Vad som skiljer serierna åt, är att den äldsta serien Matematik befäster kategorierna flicka och pojke genom att använda fler personliga pronomen och flera namn. De nyare serierna, Lilla Mattestegen och Singma matematik, använder däremot ett neutralare språk. I den äldsta serien och i den nyaste serien framstår klänning och kjol som typiskt kvinnligt kodade klädesplagg, medan byxor och tröja framstår som typiskt manligt kodade klädesplagg. Den äldsta serien Matematik reproducerar flera tankar som associeras med män/pojkar och kvinnor/flickor både vad gäller klädesplagg och olika typer av sysselsättningar. Serien Lilla Mattestegen har den mest jämställda fördelningen mellan kvinnor/flickor och män/pojkar, inom både klädesplagg och sysselsättningar. Den nyaste serien Singma matematik har även den en jämställd fördelning, men övergår dessutom till att bryta flera tankar som associeras med kvinnors/flickors och mäns/pojkars sysselsättningar.

  • Rydström, Camilla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Saleh, Sama
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Lärgrupper och sociala interaktioner: En kvalitativ studie om lärares syn på kooperativa lärgrupper2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Huvudsyftet med vår studie var att med hjälp av metoden kvalitativ intervju undersöka lärares uppfattning av kooperativa lärgrupper. Studien hade sin utgångspunkt i den sociokulturella lärandeteorin eftersom vi anser att lärande sker genom interaktion och samarbete mellan elever. Vi ville även utifrån vårt valda teoretiska perspektiv, ta reda på om lärare anser att kooperativa lärgrupper är ett bra arbetssätt för att utveckla elevers lärande och samspel, samt hur de uppfattar skillnaden mellan kooperativa lärgrupper och traditionella grupper. Det empiriska materialet vi har utgått ifrån består av fyra intervjuer av lärare i årskurs 2–4, från skolor runt om i Uppsala.

    Resultatet visade att alla lärare i studien har en positiv syn av kooperativt lärande och

    lärgrupper. Lärarna var eniga om att kooperativt lärande och lärgrupper innebär att eleverna ska vara lärresurser för varandra för att kunna utveckla såväl de sociala förmågorna som de akademiska kunskaperna. I studiens resultat framgår att samtliga lärare främst strukturerar sina lärgrupper utifrån elevernas samarbetsförmåga, då de upplever svårigheter i att placera eleverna i lärpar utifrån tanken om proximal utvecklingszon. Resultatet visade att lärarna i studien uppfattar sammanhållningen och det ömsesidiga beroendet i lärgruppen som viktigt för ett lyckat samarbete. De två nämnda faktorerna ska enligt lärarna gynnas av de olika roller som eleverna i lärgruppen har och som gör alla gruppmedlemmarna lika delaktiga. Gällande lärarnas uppfattning av elevernas lärande så visade resultatet att de anser att lärgrupper påverkar det sociala samspelet på ett positivt sätt. Utifrån sitt eget perspektiv ansåg lärarna att lärgruppens självständighet underlättar för dem att göra bedömningar och ta del av elevernas kunskap genom gruppens diskussioner. Det framgår i resultatet att alla lärare uppfattade sin roll som strukturerande, instruerande och observerande. Slutligen visade resultatet att lärarna i studien uppfattade skillnaden mellan traditionella grupper och kooperativa lärgrupper som att gruppmedlemmarna i den kooperativa gruppen är beroende av varandra på ett annat sätt än i den traditionella gruppen. De menade också att lärandet liksom processen står i fokus i den kooperativa lärgruppen snarare än slutresultatet som i den traditionella gruppen.

  • Hamrin, Sara
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Jönsson, Viktor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ord och symboler i utveckling: En analys av progressionen i ämnesspråket i matematikläroböcker för årskurs 1–62018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien undersöker huruvida det finns någon progression i ämnesspråk inom algebra och bråk i Matte Eldorado årskurs 1–6. Matematikundervisningen styrs till stor del av läroböcker. Språket och innehållet i läroböckerna avgör därför vilka möjligheter eleverna får att utveckla sina matematikkunskaper. De frågor som ligger till grund för studien är således: hur många allmänna respektive ämnesspecifika ord och symboler som finns i algebra och bråk i läroböckerna för årskurs 1–6? Finns det någon progression inom områdena? Vilka likheter och/eller skillnader som finns mellan områdena gällande progression i ämnesord och symboler? För att besvara frågorna avgränsas först vilka sidor som hör till algebra respektive bråk i de valda läromedlen. Därefter görs en kvantitativ innehållsanalys där ord och symboler sorteras i åtta olika kategorier; fem för ord och tre för symboler. Analysen visar att det finns en progression både i algebra och bråk. Orden i samtliga kategorier ökar i antal i stigande årskurs och vad viktigare är, att antalet olika fackord ökar. Symbolerna skiftar istället från informella till formella symboler. Även talområdet utökas i algebra genom årskurserna från att i årskurs 1 ta upp ental och tiotal till att i årskurs 6 ta upp ental, tiotal, hundratal, tusental, decimaltal och negativa tal. Analysen visar också att algebra får mycket större plats i de senare årskurserna än vad bråk får, medan bråk har ett jämnt antal sidor genom böckerna för årskurs 1–6. Likheter som syns genom analysen är ökningen i antal ord, ökningen i antal olika ord och även ökningen i antal symboler.

  • Jakobsson, Elin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Vartiainen, Frida
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Kan musik främja språkutveckling?: en kvalitativ studie av några musiklärares tankar kring sin undervisning2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka om och i så fall hur några musiklärare använder musikundervisningen som ett verktyg för språkutveckling i årskurs 1. Detta skedde utifrån tre aspekter: musikundervisning för att främja språkutveckling, språkutvecklande arbetsformer i musikundervisningen samt musikundervisningens möjligheter till språkutveckling hos andraspråkselever. Studien tar sin utgångspunkt i ett sociokulturellt perspektiv och ett didaktiskt perspektiv. Datainsamlingen har skett genom intervjuer med åtta musiklärare verksamma i grundskolor i en mellanstor kommun i Mellansverige. Resultatet visade att samtliga musiklärare anser att elevernas språkutveckling främjas av musikundervisningen, även då dessa inte aktivt planerar för detta i första hand. Eleverna fick i musikundervisningen möta och öva på språkliga byggstenar, som exempelvis kopplingen mellan fonem och grafem, rimord, textriktningen, ordförståelse, nya begrepp, ordföljd, fantasi och inre bilder. Denna övning skedde genom sång, rörelser och ordlekar. Vidare menar musiklärarna att andraspråkselever övar på det svenska språkets ordföljd och betoningar genom sång samt på ordförståelse genom samtal kring sångtexter. Musiklärarna menar även att andraspråkselevers språkliga självförtroende främjas av deltagande i musikundervisningen. Elevernas språkutveckling, menade musiklärarna, påverkades av musiklärarnas didaktiska val och interaktionen i undervisningen. Studien kommer fram till att det finns många likheter mellan musikundervisningen och svenskämnets kursplan för årkurs F-3. Vi diskuterar musikämnets språkutvecklande möjligheter och om dessa är så stora som musiklärarnas uttalanden visar. Vidare diskuteras huruvida musikämnet bör få större utrymme i elevernas undervisning samt i lärarutbildningen. Vi ser även möjligheter för äldre åldersgrupper och nyanlända att ta del av språkutvecklande arbete via musikundervisning.

  • Schröder, Felix
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    Is Searle a Property Dualist?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It has often been argued that John Searle’s theory of mind, biological naturalism, due to its commitment to mental irreducibility amounts to no more than disguised property dualism. I suggest that a thorough analysis of Searle’s somewhat unusual views on the nature of reduction reveals this irreducibility to be not a metaphysical relation between mental properties and physical but one concerned only with the semantics of the respective terms used to refer to these. As a result, I argue, irreducibility in his sense is insufficient to support a metaphysical conclusion like property dualism. Finally, to reinforce this point I give a concrete example of a potential physicalist view which is compatible with the analysis of irreducibility as semantic but not as metaphysical and hence on my reasoning remains open to Searle.

  • Baltruschat, Anne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
    Adoption of high-technology products in emerging markets: The ACE-1 advanced biomass cookstove in rural Cambodia2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the adoption of clean cooking technologies in developing countries with a focus on the ACE-1 advanced biomass stove (ABS). Marginalized communities in rural environments are often exposed to high levels of Household Air Pollution (HAP) due to the common use of traditional cookstoves. The United Nations (UN) has recognized the adoption of clean cooking technology like the ABS as a key driver and high-impact opportunity in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Nonetheless, the context for adoption is complex. Adoption depends on numerous variables, that can enable or hinder the uptake of modern cookstoves. This study is based on the assumption, that adoption starts with the decision-making process and acquisition of the stove. Based on a field study in rural Cambodia, this research focuses on users at the initial stage of adoption. By means of questionnaire-based interviews, this study identifies how variables related to ‘fuel and technology’ and ‘household and setting’ affect the likeliness of adoption and what opportunities can be identified to facilitate the process of adoption. The study finds, that ABS-suitable biomass fuels are available and accessible in rural Cambodia. Besides, the production of renewable biomass fuels like pellets is growing, which provides opportunities for collaboration with stove distributors. The study confirms the common practice of stove stacking and points out the strong market presence of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) stoves. Market activities need to consider these factors and highlight the competitive advantages of AB, namely fuel efficiency and cost savings. Finally, the impact of social influence and peer relations should be further researched and taken into consideration for sales and marketing activities. 

  • Ernsén, Joakim
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Andersson, Saimon
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    En systematisk litteraturstudie om hur män påverkas efter radikal prostatektomi2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Prostatacancer är den vanligaste cancerformen hos män idag. En vanlig behandling är radikal prostatektomi (RP), där prostatakörteln kirurgiskt avlägsnas. Ingreppet kan medföra komplikationer som påverkar mannens dagliga liv. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur män påverkas efter RP. Metod Studien genomfördes som en systematisk litteraturöversikt. Tio vetenskapliga artiklar med kvantitativ ansats inkluderades. Resultat Författarna identifierade tre huvudområden som påverkades efter RP. Den sexuella funktionen påverkades negativt efter behandling och de upplevda sexuella besvären ökade. Patienterna rapporterade även att deras sexualdrift, sexuella aktivitet och sexuella självkänsla försämrades. Den urologiska påverkan var störst under de första postoperativa månaderna, för att sedan förbättras över tid. Urinfunktionen var det område som blev mest påverkat och aldrig återhämtade sig till sina preoperativa nivåer. Den psykosociala påverkan var störst före RP genomförts, för att sedan visa en signifikant förbättring postoperativt. Slutsats Denna systematiska litteraturöversikts resultat visar att män påverkas vid behandling med RP. Det är något sjuksköterskan bör vara medveten om för att kunna tillgodose dessa patienters behov.

  • Public defence: 2019-02-28 13:00 Sal IV, Uppsala
    Matar, Amal
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Considering a Baby? Responsible Screening for the Future: Ethical and social implications for implementation and use of preconception expanded carrier screening in Sweden2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Preconception expanded carrier screening is a novel technology that involves the offer of a screening test for many recessive diseases (via an expanded screening panel) to prospective parents, with no priori risk. Test positive couples have a number of reproductive choices; prenatal diagnosis and aborting affected fetus, IVF and preimplantation genetic diagnosis, sperm or ovum donation or simply accept the risk. The test had been piloted in studies and can potentially be implemented in Europe. Therefore, it seemed pertinent to evaluate stakeholders’ perspectives on ethical and social implications of implementing and using preconception ECS in Sweden.

    Two main stakeholders were examined; healthcare professionals and health policymaking experts, via a mix of qualitative methods for data collection and data analysis. In Study I, we employed in-depth interviews to collect data and content analysis to analyze it. In Studies III and IV, expert interviews were used to gather data while thematic analysis was utilized to interpret it. Furthermore, in Study II, an ethical concept namely; reproductive autonomy, was critically discussed within a setting that expects a couple to make a conjoint reproductive decision about preconception ECS, while each partner still upholds his or her individual autonomy.

    The main findings of the empirical studies (Studies I, III and IV) echo to a great extent the prevailing ethical and social debates associated with the novel technology. Respondents expressed concerns with reproductive autonomy, medicalization, prioritization of health resources, discrimination and long term societal changes. Furthermore, respondents emphasized the importance to observe Swedish values, such as human dignity, equality and solidarity, when assessing a preconception ECS program. In addition, they described practicalities of implementation and political considerations that are pertinent to the Swedish context. Finally, some respondents recognized the advantages of reduced suffering and decrease in fetal anomalies and abortion as a consequence of preconception ECS.

    Study II, proposed a notion of couple autonomy, where certain demands if met, a couple’s reproductive decision can be accepted by healthcare staff as autonomous.

    The findings, in this thesis, steer towards non implementation of preconception ECS in its current status within the publicly-funded healthcare system in Sweden. This is because healthcare providers and experts were of the opinion that it would not solve a medical need, threaten Swedish values and use up resources extensively.

    List of papers
    1. Swedish healthcare providers' perceptions of preconception expanded carrier screening (ECS)—a qualitative study
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish healthcare providers' perceptions of preconception expanded carrier screening (ECS)—a qualitative study
    2016 (English)In: Journal of Community Genetics, ISSN 1868-6001, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 203-214Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Reproductive autonomy, medicalization, and discrimination against disabled and parental responsibility are the main ongoing ethical debates concerning reproductive genetic screening. To examine Swedish healthcare professionals’ views on preconception expanded carrier screening (ECS), a qualitative study involving academic and clinical institutions in Sweden was conducted in September 2014 to February 2015. Eleven healthcare professionals including clinicians, geneticists, a midwife, and a genetic counselor were interviewed in depth using a semi-structured interview guide. The questionnaire was constructed after reviewing the main literature and meetings with relevant healthcare providers. The interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and content analyzed for categories and subcategories. Participants nurtured many ethical and non-ethical concerns regarding preconception ECS. Among the ethical concerns were the potential for discrimination, medicalization, concerns with prioritization of healthcare resources, and effects on reproductive freedom. The effects of implementation of preconception ECS, its stakeholders, regulations, and motivation are some of non-ethical concerns. These concerns, if not addressed, may affect the uptake and usage of carrier screening within Swedish healthcare system. As this is a qualitative study with a small non-random sample size, the findings cannot be generalized. The participants had little to no working experience with expanded screening panels. Moreover, the interviews were conducted in English, a second language for the participants, which might have limited the expression of their views. However, the authors claim that the findings may be pertinent to similar settings in other Scandinavian countries.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Springer, 2016
    Keywords
    reproductiion, autonomy, expanded carrier screening
    National Category
    Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-294966 (URN)10.1007/s12687-016-0268-2 (DOI)000386778700004 ()27225888 (PubMedID)
    Available from: 2016-05-31 Created: 2016-05-31 Last updated: 2019-01-11Bibliographically approved
    2. Couple autonomy in preconception expanded carrier screening
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Couple autonomy in preconception expanded carrier screening
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Preconception Expanded Carrier Screening (ECS) is a genetic test offered to a general population or to couples who have no known risk of recessive and X-linked genetic diseases and are interested in becoming parents. A test may screen for carrier status of several autosomal recessive diseases at one go. Such a program has been piloted in the Netherlands and may become a reality in more European countries in the future. The ethical rationale for such tests is that they would enhance reproductive autonomy. The dominant conception of autonomy is individual-based. However, at the clinic, people deciding on preconception ECS will be counselled together and are expected to make a joint decision, as a couple. The aim of the present study was to develop an understanding of autonomous decisions made by couples in the context of reproductive technologies in general and of preconception ECS in particular. A further aim was to shed light on what occurs in reproductive clinics and to suggest concrete implications for the approach of healthcare professionals in those clinics. Discussion: Based on the shift in emphasis from individual autonomy to relational autonomy, a notion of couple autonomy was suggested and some features of this concept were outlined. First, that both partners are individually autonomous and that the decision is reached through a communicative process. In this process each partner should feel free to express his or her concerns and preferences, so no one partner dominates the discussion. Further, there should be adequate time for the couple to negotiate possible differences and conclude that the decision is right for them. The final decision should be reached through consensus of both partners without coercion, manipulation or miscommunication. Through concrete examples, the suggested notion of couple autonomy was applied to diverse clinical situations. Conclusions: A notion of couple autonomy can be fruitful for healthcare professionals by facilitating the ways in which close ones are vital for the decision-making concerning preconception ECS. A normative implication for healthcare staff is to allow the necessary time for decision-making and to promote a dialogue that can increase the power of the weaker part in a relationship.

    National Category
    Other Medical Biotechnology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-366363 (URN)
    Available from: 2018-11-20 Created: 2018-11-20 Last updated: 2019-01-11Bibliographically approved
    3. “A perfect society”— Swedish policymakers’ ethical and social views on preconception expanded carrier screening
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>“A perfect society”— Swedish policymakers’ ethical and social views on preconception expanded carrier screening
    2018 (English)In: Journal of Community Genetics, ISSN 1868-310X, E-ISSN 1868-6001Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    To improve healthcare policymaking, commentators have recommended the use of evidence, health technology assessment, priority setting, and public engagement in the process of policymaking. Preconception expanded carrier screening, according to the World Health Organization’s definition, is a novel health technology and therefore warrants assessment, part of which involves evaluating ethical and social implications. We examined ten Swedish policymakers’ perspectives on ethical and social aspects of preconception expanded screening through in-depth expert interviewing, using a semi-structured questionnaire. Respondents were affiliated to governmental and non-governmental institutions that directly influence healthcare policymaking in Sweden. The interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed via inductive thematic analysis method, which generated seven themes and several subthemes. Policymakers harbored concerns regarding the economics, Swedish and international political respects, implementation procedures, and societal effects, which included long-term ones. Moreover, participants detailed the role of public engagement, research, and responsibility in regard to preconception expanded carrier screening implementation. Since this is a qualitative study, with a small non-random sample, the results may not be generalizable to all policymakers in Sweden. However, the results give a profound insight into the process and interpretative knowledge of experts, in the Swedish milieu and the extent of readiness of Sweden to implement a preconception expanded carrier screening program.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Springer, 2018
    Keywords
    Preconception Expanded carrier screening Genetic Policymakers Reproductive decision-making Ethics Social effects
    National Category
    Other Medical Biotechnology Other Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-362390 (URN)10.1007/s12687-018-0389-x (DOI)
    Available from: 2018-10-04 Created: 2018-10-04 Last updated: 2019-01-11Bibliographically approved
    4. Values and value conflicts in implementation and use of preconception expanded carrier screening: an expert interview study
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Values and value conflicts in implementation and use of preconception expanded carrier screening: an expert interview study
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Ethical values and principles have been incorporated in most aspects of healthcare, such as policy-making, communication, medical research and health technology assessment. Preconception expanded carrier screening is a genetic test offered to a general population or to couples with no known risk of recessive genetic diseases and planning a pregnancy. A test screens for carrier status of several autosomal recessive diseases simultaneously.

    Aim: To examine values and value conflicts experts recounted in implementation and use of preconception expanded carrier screening in Sweden. Methods: We interviewed ten experts, directly associated with influencing health policy- making in Sweden, and members of two non-governmental and three governmental organizations. We employed systematizing expert interviews to access experts’ specialist knowledge. There were four female and six male informants, of which four were physicians, three bioethicists, a legal expert, a theologian and a political party representative in the parliament. We used thematic analysis to identify themes and sub-themes in the data.

    Results: The main values that emerged were Respect for persons, Solidarity, Human dignity, Do no harm, Health, Love and Trust. Concepts relating to autonomy, integrity and privacy were the most commonly mentioned among the participants, followed by notions of equality, justice and social care. The experts’ descriptions of values were concordant to those in bioethical literature.

    Conclusions: Experts highlighted values that are distinctive of welfare states, as Sweden. Certain values were deemed more substantive than others, judging by the extent and detail of inference; for example, respect for persons and solidarity.

    Keywords
    Moral values; intrinsic and extrinsic values; preconception expanded carrier screening; respect for persons; Solidarity; human dignity.
    National Category
    Other Medical Biotechnology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-366366 (URN)
    Available from: 2018-11-20 Created: 2018-11-20 Last updated: 2019-01-11Bibliographically approved
  • Aresköld, Sandra
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Norberg, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    När livet sätts inom parentes: En litteraturstudie om att leva med hemodialys2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Chronic renal failure (uremia) is one of the world's largest health problems. In Sweden, approximately 1100 people are added in need of kidney transplant or dialysis treatment each year. In case of chronic renal failure, the person undergoes treatment three to four times per week and is connected to a dialysis machine for four to five hours each time. Many hours in hemodialysis can result in changes in everyday life and its routines.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe the experience of people living on hemodialysis.

    Method: A descriptive design with a literature study as a data collection method.

    Result: The result is presented based on three themes and six subcategories. The result shows feelings of meaninglessness, and hopelessness for the lifelong need of hemodialysis. Feelings that life is limited when they can not travel, do not have the energy, or have the time to spend with family and friends also gave a sense of inadequacy. Fear and concern for an uncertain future, but at the same time hoping for a kidney transplant or the desire to live with children and grandchildren, helped to accept and move forward in hemodialysis treatment.

    Conclusion: Individuals initially describe the feeling of shock and frustration about the announcement of needing hemodialysis, and the meaning of a lifelong treatment. The experience that the announcement came like a lightning from clear skies and without warning shows the need for further research on how patients with a risk of having chronic renal failure experience information and preparations for a possible start of hemodialysis.

  • Meleaku, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Produktionens spridning i rationaliseringens tid: En studie om lägenhetsbyggandets regionala utveckling i en byggcykel mellan 1960–19752019Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Lennart Schön var en ekonom-historiker som ville typologisera de återkommande ekonomiska kriserna i en cyklisk utveckling. Denna uppsats undersöker den länsvisa spridningen av bostadsbyggandet i Sverige mellan 1960–1975 och förhållandet mellan produktionskostnader mellan 1968–1975. Med denna undersökning är förhoppningen att kunna bringa mer klarhet i om Schöns teori om ökade regional spridning av bostadsbyggande, och vinstpressande under strukturcykelns senare del stämmer. Miljonprogrammet framstår som ett tydligt Stockholmsprojekt och Stockholm leder periodens bostadsbyggande men efter Stockholm kommer mer perifera län. Produktionskostnader och hyror har ett statistiskt säkerställt samband men observationerna är för få för att kunna göra inferens på hela bostadsmarknaden.

  • Elfström, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Hållbar planering av offentliga rum: Kattvikskajen i Hudiksvall2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fler och fler flyttar in till städerna, och medan städerna växer behöver de även utvecklas hållbart. De tre perspektiven; ekologiskt, ekonomiskt och social måste balanseras. Parallellt med urbaniseringstrenden förekommer också en trend av att få in naturen och grönområden i staden. I den här studien undersöks det hur hållbar planering uttrycks och praktiseras i en svensk stadsdelsplaneringsprocess. Det har gjorts genom granskning av plandokument och interjuver med planerare i ett projekt i Hudiksvall, där den nya stadsdel Kattvikskajen planeras. Där ligger stort fokus på offentliga rum och de utformas främst utifrån ett socialt perspektiv, men också utifrån det ekologiska perspektivet. Agenda 2030, de globala hållbarhetsmålen, är ett verktyg som tagits fram för att underlätta genomförandet hållbar utveckling, dock är de målen inget som diskuterats eller hänvisats till i det här projektet. Men det har inte funnits några större konflikter mellan det ekologiska, ekonomiska och sociala och det har gjorts val gjorts som i efterhand går att koppla till de olika målen på ett eller annat sätt.

  • Berglund, Knut-Erland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Att undervisa i hållbar utveckling: Samarbeten, ämnesdidaktik och geografi2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate how teachers use collaboration, didactics and geography to teach sustainable development to upper secondary pupils in Swedish schools. A qualitative and interview method was chosen in order to catch the strategies amongst teachers and their perceptions in these matters. Five in depth interviews were held with experienced teachers in four different schools. These interviews were selected by different strategies such as the Possibility Principle and the understanding of gatekeepers’ roles’. A narrative material was collected. Four theoretical areas were developed for analysing the retrieved material. A school with a clear sustainability profile has both resources and the developed didactical methods, to enhance the understanding of sustainable development. However, the investigated schools have their own varieties of tackling lacking time and resources which have developed competencies’ in different ways. These are complementary didactical methods in order to enhance sustainable development. For further research a historical perspective was suggested.

  • Nordlund, Lovisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Kulturarvet, en mångskiftande miljö?: En kvalitativ studie om olika aktörers tolkning och identifiering av platsen Gamla Uppsala som kulturarv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats ämnar analysera den process och de kulturmiljövärden som bidrar till att aktörer identifierar platsen Gamla Uppsala som ett kulturarv, samt vem av aktörerna som besitter tolkningsföreträde av platsen. För att möjliggöra denna undersökning, har samtalsintervjuer, granskning av rapporter och dokument, samt inventeringar av landskapet, ansetts utgöra lämpliga metoder för att besvara frågeställningarna. Svaren som framkommit i samband med studien pekar på att det finns en övergripande tanke om platsen som historiskt viktig, samtidigt som det även råder skiljaktigheter mellan vilka specifika kulturmiljövärden respektive aktör betonar. Kulturmiljövärdena beror även på aktörernas framställning av kulturarvet som något abstrakt eller fysiskt påtagligt. Resultatet av de två sista frågorna kan beskrivas utifrån att det finns ett tolkningsföreträde på platsen, som kan kopplas till politiska prioriteringar och ramverk, men även ekonomiska tillgångar. Dessa faktorer är i sin tur beroende av olika internationella, nationella och lokala kontexter, som påverkar de olika aktörernas möjligheter till inflytande över Gamla Uppsalas utformning. 

  • Palm, Lisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Platsmarknadsföring och kommuner: En studie av tre svenska kommuners framtagning och användning av ett platsvarumärke2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine three Swedish municipalities place brand. The three municipalities Uppsala, Västerås and Enköping have been chosen as case studies based on their size since each of them represents a big, medium and a small sized municipality. The place brand of each municipality is examined on what the brand wants to show and how it is marketed, which other stakeholders have been involved in the creation of the place brand, if the place brand aim to attract specific target audiences and if the brand is based on a service logic or a product logic. The research, based on qualitative interviews with municipalities, shows that all of the municipalities have or is in the process to create strong brand identities and brand attributes which are marketed mostly through planned messages. All of the municipalities have used other stakeholders in the creative process, mostly residents and local businesses. Both Västerås and Enköping have clear target groups to attract while Uppsala does not need to market towards specific groups. All the place brands showed signs of both the service logic and the product logic, which makes it hard to conclude if either of them is more dominant.

  • Gillner, Fred
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Offentlig konst i kommunal förvaltning: Kvalitativ undersökning i tre steg av Västerås stads arbete med offentlig konst2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how a larger Swedish municipality administer public art and to what extent the practical work relates to the objectives adopted in the municipal comprehensive plan. A qualitative method conducted by semi structured interviews in three tiers with a politician, an official, a representative of an artist organization and a local artist constitutes the base of the study. The interviews are also complemented with subject relevant literature and analysis of municipal documents to support the findings. Results show that the politician and the official have contrasting views on how to concretize the objectives. The discrepancy may cause a misconception of what to expect from public art investments. Further results indicate that municipal practice on the selection of artists, together with the strict bureaucratic framework, may have negative effect on the diversity of artistic expressions that is viewed as important for an attractive city. After years of poor public art management in the surveyed municipality, a foundation is at the time of writing being established to enable more strategic management. Overall the study presents challenges and opportunities about the future of public art management in a mid-sized Swedish municipality.  

  • Sandström, Eric
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
    Implementation of an automatic quality control of derived data files for NONMEM2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A pharmacometric analysis must be based on correct data to be valid.

    Source clinical data is rarely ready to be modelled as is, but rather

    needs to be reprogrammed to fit the format required by the

    pharmacometric modelling software. The reprogramming steps include

    selecting the subsets of data relevant for modelling, deriving new

    information from the source and adjusting units and encoding.

    Sometimes, the source data may also be flawed, containing vague

    definitions and missing or confusing values. In either setting, the

    source data needs to be reprogrammed to remedy this, followed by

    extensive quality control to capture any errors or inconsistencies

    produced along the way. The quality control is a lengthy task which is

    often performed manually, either by the scientists conducting the

    pharmacometric study or by independent reviewers. This project

    presents an automatic data quality control with the purpose of aiding

    the data curation process, as to minimize any potential errors that

    would otherwise have to be detected by the manual quality control. The

    automatic quality control is implemented as an R-package and is

    specifically tailored for the needs of Pharmetheus.

  • Sonesson, Madelene
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Konflikten "Hästen och allemansrätten": En studie av markförändringar i samband med ridning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to identify, document and map any changes in soil due to horse-riding in relation to the nationally prevailing conflict between horse and land owners whether the horse should furthermore be included in the Swedish Right of Public Access. The study includes a field work done in Vagnhärad, Sweden where changes in soil was documented accordingly to the trail-problem assessment method developed by Marion and Leung in 1999. The conflict has been summarized by previous research and supplemented with a framing analysis that shows how it is portrayed in national media. The result of the fieldwork has been visualized with GIS, and then analysed to provide a solution for how and when to use the area for riding to prevent conflict. The analysis was made in relation to the result from the field work and previous research that was presented but most importantly in relation to the notions of the Recreational Opportunity Spectrum and Recreation Carrying Capacity. The result of the study was that the area of interest was indeed affected by horse-riding, mostly through the exposure of tree roots. It also showed that by adhering to the principles of the Swedish Right of Public Access and the previously mentioned models of analysis you can prevent a rising conflict and limit the effects on soil and nature done by horse-riding.

  • Strandberg, Julia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Literature.
    Ordning, spänning och nyfikenhet: en berättarteknisk undersökning av P3 Historias podcasts2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Pettersson, Kristopher
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Planering för fysisk aktivitet: En jämförelse mellan Helsingborgs och Uppsala kommun2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Andelen individer som lider av övervikt, fetma och psykisk ohälsa är högre än någonsin. Befolkningen växer stadigt, bland annat på grund av migrationsvågor, vilket ställer krav på integration. Att planerna för idrotts- och näridrottsplatser kommer inte att få alla människor att utöva fysisk aktivitet per automatik, men kommunerna i Sverige bör tillgodose det ständigt växande behovet. Det finns nämligen en korrelation mellan utbudet av idrotts- och näridrottsplatser och deltagande. Med utgångspunkt i korrelationen mäts, i denna uppsats, en stor andel av det totala utbudet i Helsingborgs- och Uppsala kommun. Helsingborgs kommun har ett större utbud än Uppsala baserat på kommunernas befolkning och yta. Uppsala kommun framstår som framgångsrika gällande samverkan mellan olika nämnder och prioriterar samråd med kommunmedborgarna. Kommunernas olika profiler verkar influera sättet de planerar för idrotts- och näridrottsplatser. Uppsala är en kommun utan en tydlig idrottslig identitet, medan Helsingborgs kommun uppmanar alla medarbetare att våga misslyckas i kombination med en identitet som bottnar i idrott. Ingen av kommunerna har några uttalade strategier för hur de ska inkludera kvinnor i högre utsträckning, men arbetar för att hitta sätt att öka kvinnors deltagande, framförallt i spontanidrotten. Integration är ett återkommande element som planering för idrotts- och näridrottsplatser kan underlätta.

  • Diehl, Lisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
    Sustained Asymmetries: Norrland and sustainable development as envisioned by the ecological modernization and environmental justice discourses2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The gap between rural and urban is widening in ways that reward urban lifestyles and undermine the interests of rural communities. The asymmetrical power relation between rural and urban is relevant in a Swedish context where Norrland, Sweden's northernmost region, is experiencing outmigration and cutbacks in welfare services all the while urban centers in southern Sweden attract innovation, economic capital and an inflow of young, educated people. This study examines what perceptions of Norrland that are dominating the Swedish media landscape and by doing so aims to investigate how power relations between urban and rural are constructed in the sustainability discourses ecological modernization and the environmental justice framework. The study is based on a discourse analysis of printed articles in the national press and TT news agency over a 10 to 12 years time span. In addition to discourse analysis, a theoretical framework concerning visions of sustainability and urban/rural divisions are applied. The result suggest that the material primarily articulate Norrland as a natural resource base for economic profit and as a site for realizing ideas inherent to the ecological modernization discourse. Resistance against Norrland as a site for production and exploitation are embedded in the environmental justice discourse and shed light on the socially unequal and geographically uneven patterns of injustice. 

  • Rinaldo, Nina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Hållbar kulturarvsturism i Visby: En diskursanalys av utvecklingsplaner för världsarvet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: This is a two years master's thesis in Museum and Cultural Heritage Studies. The purpose of this thesis was to critically examine discourses of sustainable cultural tourism, and how different sustainability dimensions and ideals can coexist and be applied in practice. The starting point was a case study of the World Heritage Site “The Hanseatic town of Visby”, where the relationship between the conservation and the availability of the world heritage site was investigated. The research questions that were formulated were which actors and agendas that cooperate in the production of sustainable heritage tourism, how global and national guidelines for sustainable cultural tourism correspond to the local development work of the Visby world heritage city, which are the prominent discourses in the documents on sustainable heritage tourism in the world heritage city of Visby and how they are described as well as whether there is opposition between the conservation and the availability of cultural heritage, and what potential solutions to such opposition can look like.

    Theory: Prior to the study, previous research on sustainability, sustainable heritage tourism and the world heritage site Visby has been studied and used as a springboard for the thesis research questions. The theoretical perspectives that were used in the analysis consisted of theories regarding sustainable tourism, posthumanism, system theory and authorized heritage discourse, AHD.

    Method: The method chosen for the study was Laclau & Mouffes discourse analysis. This enabled a closer examination of the development plans and documents on sustainable heritage tourism produced by local, national and global actors. This was complemented with short interviews with thirteen stakeholders.

    Results and analysis: The result and analysis showed that several different actors and agendas are involved in the production of sustainable heritage tourism. However, there are difficulties in letting all actors get their voices heard and being part of the decision-making process, such as the local population, which are often disregarded. In addition, interaction between different actors could get better with more clearly defined areas of responsibility. The result also showed that, in particular, the concepts of sustainability and sustainable develop-ment were used in the documents about the development of the world heritage city of Visby, but the concept of sustainable heritage tourism was rarely used. The Swedish National Heritage Board and the region of Gotland are currently working on developing sustainable tourism strategies. At present, however, there is unclear correspondence between global guidelines and local application, where it is up to the municipalities to interpret and apply Unesco’s guidelines themselves, which may be difficult since the guidelines are quite general and vague. The study also showed that there are three clear discourses in the documents about sustainable heritage tourism. Under the overall discourse of sustainable tourism in Visby there is an ecological discourse, an economic discourse and a social discourse. In all documents, sustainable tourism is described as consisting of three discourses, but there is great freedom of interpretation in the use of the term. The discourses are also prioritized and described differently in different documents.

    Conclusion: The study's conclusion is that there are both oppositions and solutions. Both documents and interviews show that there are oppositions between ecological, economic and social interests in a place like the world heritage site in Visby. At the same time, there are also various suggestions for how the different dimensions can coexist and the actors were generally optimistic. Basically, it is about finding a balance between conservation and accessibility, taking into account both contemporary and future interests. Suggested solutions are to work further with information and knowledge, improve interaction between different actors, work with conservation-based development, productize heritage, better interaction with the local society, develop creative industries in historical buildings, and include visitors in the conservation work. However, most voices agree that the issue is difficult and complex and requires more knowledge and research.

  • Ablikim, M.
    et al.
    Andersson, Walter Ikegami
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Johansson, Tord
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Kupsc, Andrzej
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Li, Cui
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Papenbrock, Michael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Pettersson, Joachim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Schönning, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Wolke, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Zou, J. H.
    Study of the Dalitz decay J/psi -> e(+)e(-)eta2019In: Physical Review D: covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology, ISSN 2470-0010, E-ISSN 2470-0029, Vol. 99, no 1, article id 012006Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the electromagnetic Dalitz decay J/psi -> e(+)e(-)eta and search for dielectron decays of a dark gauge boson (gamma') in J/psi -> gamma'eta with the two q decay modes eta -> gamma gamma and eta -> pi(+)pi(-)pi(0) using (1310.6 +/- 7.0) x 10(6) J/psi events collected with the BESIII detector. The branching fraction of J/psi -> e(+)e(-)eta is measured to be (1.43 +/- 0.04(stat) +/- 0.06(syst)) x 10(-5), with a precision that is improved by a factor of 1.5 over the previous BESIII measurement. The corresponding dielectron invariant mass dependent modulus square of the transition form factor is explored for the first time, and the pole mass is determined to be Lambda = 2.84 +/- 0.11(stat) +/- 0.08(syst) GeV/c(2). We find no evidence of gamma' production and set 90% confidence level upper limits on the product branching fraction B(J/psi -> gamma'eta) x B(gamma' -> e(+)e(-)) as well as the kinetic mixing strength between the standard model photon and gamma' in the mass range of 0.01 <= m(gamma') <= 2.4 GeV/c(2).

  • Cunha Byström, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Påverkar grupptryck beslutsfattande?: Belägg från allsvenska domare2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the effects of peer pressure in relation to football audiences’ possible impact on how the referees judge. The data used is new data from the highest Swedish football league, Allsvenskan, for the seasons 2016-2018. The paper treats the problem with the size of the audience not being random by using weather as an instrument. The OLS-estimations suggest that the referee is affected by the audience in the sense that more spectators increase referee stringency. The IV-estimations are precise and close to zero suggesting that it is important to account for omitted variables when studying the effect of peer pressure on referees.

  • Dias, Mariana Castro
    et al.
    Univ Bern, Theodor Kocher Inst, Bern, Switzerland.
    Coisne, Caroline
    Univ Bern, Theodor Kocher Inst, Bern, Switzerland.
    Lazarevic, Ivana
    Univ Bern, Theodor Kocher Inst, Bern, Switzerland.
    Baden, Pascale
    Univ Bern, Theodor Kocher Inst, Bern, Switzerland.
    Hata, Masaki
    Hyogo Coll Med, Lab Tumor Immunol & Cell Therapy, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, Japan.
    Iwamoto, Noriko
    Kobe Univ, Div Cell Biol, Grad Sch Med, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan.
    Francisco, David Miguel Ferreira
    Univ Bern, Interfac Bioinformat Unit, Bern, Switzerland;Univ Bern, Swiss Inst Bioinformat, Bern, Switzerland.
    Vanlandewijck, Michael
    AstraZeneca, Karolinska Inst, Cardio Metab Ctr, KI,AZ ICMC, Huddinge, Sweden.
    He, Liqun
    AstraZeneca, Karolinska Inst, Cardio Metab Ctr, KI,AZ ICMC, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Baier, Felix A.
    Univ Bern, Dept Biomed Res, Visceral Surg Res Lab, Bern, Switzerland.
    Stroka, Deborah
    Univ Bern, Dept Biomed Res, Visceral Surg Res Lab, Bern, Switzerland.
    Bruggmann, Remy
    Kobe Univ, Div Cell Biol, Grad Sch Med, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan;Univ Bern, Interfac Bioinformat Unit, Bern, Switzerland;Univ Bern, Swiss Inst Bioinformat, Bern, Switzerland.
    Lyck, Ruth
    Univ Bern, Theodor Kocher Inst, Bern, Switzerland.
    Enzmann, Gaby
    Univ Bern, Theodor Kocher Inst, Bern, Switzerland.
    Deutsch, Urban
    Univ Bern, Theodor Kocher Inst, Bern, Switzerland.
    Betsholtz, Christer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology. AstraZeneca, Karolinska Inst, Cardio Metab Ctr, KI,AZ ICMC, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Furuse, Mikio
    Natl Inst Physiol Sci, Div Cell Struct, Okazaki, Aichi, Japan;Sch Life Sci, Dept Physiol Sci, Okazaki, Aichi, Japan.
    Tsukita, Shoichiro
    Univ Bern, Theodor Kocher Inst, Bern, Switzerland.
    Engelhardt, Britta
    Univ Bern, Theodor Kocher Inst, Bern, Switzerland.
    Claudin-3-deficient C57BL/6J mice display intact brain barriers2019In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, article id 203Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The tight junction protein claudin-3 has been identified as a transcriptional target of the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway regulating blood-brain barrier (BBB) maturation. In neurological disorders loss of claudin-3 immunostaining is observed at the compromised BBB and blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCSFB). Although these observations support a central role of claudin-3 in regulating brain barriers' tight junction integrity, expression of claudin-3 at the brain barriers has remained a matter of debate. This prompted us to establish claudin-3-/-C57BL/6J mice to study the role of claudin-3 in brain barrier integrity in health and neuroinflammation. Bulk and single cell RNA sequencing and direct comparative qRT-PCR analysis of brain microvascular samples from WT and claudin-3-/- mice show beyond doubt that brain endothelial cells do not express claudin-3 mRNA. Detection of claudin-3 protein at the BBB in vivo and in vitro is rather due to junctional reactivity of anti-claudin-3 antibodies to an unknown antigen still detected in claudin-3-/- brain endothelium. We confirm expression and junctional localization of claudin-3 at the BCSFB of the choroid plexus. Our study clarifies that claudin-3 is not expressed at the BBB and shows that absence of claudin-3 does not impair brain barrier function during health and neuroinflammation in C57BL/6J mice.

  • Aaboud, M.
    et al.
    Asimakopoulou, Eleni M.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Bergeås Kuutmann, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Bokan, Petar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Brenner, Richard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ekelöf, Tord
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ellert, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ferrari, Arnaud
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Gradin, P. O. Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Isacson, Max
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Mårtensson, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Sales De Bruin, Pedro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Zwalinski, L.
    Search for vector-boson resonances decaying to a top quark and bottom quark in the lepton plus jets final state in pp collisions at root s=13 TeV with the ATLAS detector2019In: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 788, p. 347-370Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A search for new charged massive gauge bosons, W', is performed with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. Data were collected in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of root s = 13 TeV and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 36.1 fb(-1). This analysis searches for W' bosons in the W'-> t ( b) over bar decay channel in final states with an electron or muon plus jets. The search covers resonance masses between 0.5 and 5.0 TeV and considers right-handed W' bosons. No significant deviation from the Standard Model (SM) expectation is observed and upper limits are set on theW'-> t ( b) over bar cross section times branching ratio and the W' boson effective couplings as a function of the W' boson mass. For right-handed W' bosons with coupling to the SM particles equal to the SM weak coupling constant, masses below 3.15 TeV are excluded at the 95% confidence level. This search is also combined with a previously published ATLAS result for W'-> t ( b) over bar in the fully hadronic final state. Using the combined searches, right-handed W' bosons with masses below 3.25 TeV are excluded at the 95% confidence level. 

  • Dennis, Martin
    et al.
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Clin Brain Sci, Edinburgh EH16 4SB, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Forbes, John
    Univ Limerick, Hlth Res Inst, Limerick, Ireland.
    Graham, Catriona
    Univ Edinburgh, Edinburgh Clin Res Facil, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Hackett, Maree
    Univ New South Wales, George Inst Global Hlth, Kensington, NSW, Australia;Univ Cent Lancashire, Fac Hlth & Wellbeing, Preston, Lancs, England.
    Hankey, Graeme J.
    Univ Western Australia, Med Sch, Perth, WA, Australia.
    House, Allan
    Univ Leeds, Inst Hlth Sci, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England.
    Lewis, Stephanie
    Univ Edinburgh, Edinburgh Clin Trials Unit, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Lundström, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Neurology. Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Solna, Sweden.
    Sandercock, Peter
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Clin Brain Sci, Edinburgh EH16 4SB, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Mead, Gillian
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Clin Brain Sci, Edinburgh EH16 4SB, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Anderson, Rosemary
    Buchanan, David
    Deary, Ann
    Drever, Jonathan
    Fraser, Ruth
    Innes, Karen
    McGill, Connor
    McGrath, Aileen
    Perry, David
    Walker, Pauli
    Williams, Carol
    Chun, Yvonne
    Dinsmore, Lynn
    Maschauer, Emma
    Fraser, Greig
    Lawrence, Katherine
    Shaw, Alison
    Barugh, Amanda
    Mikhail, Shadia
    Blair, Gordon
    Hoeritzauer, Ingrid
    Scott, Maggie
    Lewis, Steff
    Williamson, Judith
    Murray, Veronica
    French, Ray
    Stott, David
    Burgess, David
    Emberson, Jonathan
    Ellis, Graham
    Tyrrell, Pippa
    Brady, Marian
    MacLeod, Malcolm
    Milligan, Hazel
    Sullivan, Frank
    van Wijck, Frederike
    Watkins, Caroline
    Anderson, Craig
    Morales, D.
    Langhorne, Peter
    Reid, Fiona
    Rodgers, Helen
    Effects of fluoxetine on functional outcomes after acute stroke (FOCUS): a pragmatic, double-blind, randomised, controlled trial2019In: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 393, no 10168, p. 265-274Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Results of small trials indicate that fluoxetine might improve functional outcomes after stroke. The FOCUS trial aimed to provide a precise estimate of these effects.

    Methods FOCUS was a pragmatic, multicentre, parallel group, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial done at 103 hospitals in the UK. Patients were eligible if they were aged 18 years or older, had a clinical stroke diagnosis, were enrolled and randomly assigned between 2 days and 15 days after onset, and had focal neurological deficits. Patients were randomly allocated fluoxetine 20 mg or matching placebo orally once daily for 6 months via a web-based system by use of a minimisation algorithm. The primary outcome was functional status, measured with the modified Rankin Scale (mRS), at 6 months. Patients, carers, health-care staff, and the trial team were masked to treatment allocation. Functional status was assessed at 6 months and 12 months after randomisation. Patients were analysed according to their treatment allocation. This trial is registered with the ISRCTN registry, number ISRCTN83290762.

    Findings Between Sept 10,2012, and March 31,2017,3127 patients were recruited. 1564 patients were allocated fluoxetine and 1563 allocated placebo. mRS data at 6 months were available for 1553 (99.3%) patients in each treatment group. The distribution across mRS categories at 6 months was similar in the fluoxetine and placebo groups (common odds ratio adjusted for minimisation variables 0.951 [95% CI 0.839-1.079]; p=0.439). Patients allocated fluoxetine were less likely than those allocated placebo to develop new depression by 6 months (210 [13.43%] patients vs 269 [17.21%]; difference 3.78% [95% CI 1.26-6.30]; p=0.0033), but they had more bone fractures (45 [2.88%] vs 23 [1.47%]; difference 1.41% [95% CI 0.38-2.43]; p=0.0070). There were no significant differences in any other event at 6 or 12 months.

    Interpretation Fluoxetine 20 mg given daily for 6 months after acute stroke does not seem to improve functional outcomes. Although the treatment reduced the occurrence of depression, it increased the frequency of bone fractures. These results do not support the routine use of fluoxetine either for the prevention of post-stroke depression or to promote recovery of function.

  • Aaboud, M.
    et al.
    Bokan, Petar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Brenner, Richard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ekelöf, Tord
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ellert, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ferrari, Arnaud
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Isacson, Max
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Bergeås Kuutmann, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Gradin, P. O. Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Mårtensson, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Öhman, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Rangel Smith, Camila
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Sales De Bruin, Pedro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Zwalinski, L.
    Search for light resonances decaying to boosted quark pairs and produced in association with a photon or a jet in proton-proton collisions at root s=13 TeV with the ATLAS detector2019In: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 788, p. 316-335Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This Letter presents a search for new light resonances decaying to pairs of quarks and produced in association with a high-p(T) photon or jet. The dataset consists of proton-proton collisions with an integrated luminosity of 36.1 fb(-1) at a centre-of-mass energy of root s = 13 TeV recorded by the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. Resonance candidates are identified as massive large-radius jets with substructure consistent with a particle decaying into a quark pair. The mass spectrum of the candidates is examined for local excesses above background. No evidence of a new resonance is observed in the data, which are used to exclude the production of a lepto-phobic axial-vector Z' boson.

  • Broman, Julius
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Olausson, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Reagerar olika grupper av bilköpare annorlunda på en ekonomisk policyförändring?: En studie om anpassning av konsumtionsbeslut i anslutning till bonus malus-systemets ikraftträdande2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen undersöker om olika grupper av bilköpare skiljer sig åt avseende hur de anpassade tidpunkten för sina inköp av personbilar, i anslutning till bonus malus-systemetsikraftträdande den 1 juli 2018. Med utgångspunkt i ett teoretiskt ramverk om priskänslighet och rationella val, tillämpas en linjär sannolikhetsmodell på ett datamaterial över nybilsköpare i juni och juli 2018. Vi estimerar sannolikheten för respektive grupp att införskaffa en personbil i den månad som är förknippad med en lägre kostnad. När vi inkluderar valda kontrollvariabler finner vi, med statistisk signifikans, att juridiska personer och boende i icke tätbefolkade län har anpassat tidpunkten för införskaffande i större utsträckning än andra grupper. Mer specifik data hade gynnat studien, varför försiktighet bör vidtas för att kunna dra några definitiva slutsatser, och vidare forskning adresseras. Resultaten bidrar alltjämt till förståelsen för de undersökta skillnaderna grupperna emellan, samt kan vara av intresse för utformning av liknande ekonomisk policy.

  • Ahnfelt, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kön och prioriteringar i kommunfullmäktige: En paneldatastudie över sambandet mellan andelen kvinnor i Sveriges kommunfullmäktige och kommunens kostnader för barnomsorg samt individ- och familjeomsorg2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning har visat att kvinnor tenderar att prioritera omsorgsfrågor i högre grad än män gör. Det har även i en undersökning för perioden 1976–1997 bevisats ett samband mellan andelen kvinnor i Sveriges kommunfullmäktige och offentliga konsumtionsmönster. Nutida forskning har dock indikerat att könsskillnader bland Sveriges förtroendevalda avtagit sedan mitten på 1990-talet. Denna uppsats syftar till att vidare undersöka sambandet mellan andelen kvinnor i kommunfullmäktige och kommunernas offentliga konsumtionsmönster. Analysen baseras på data för perioden 1995–2013 och de beroende variabler som undersöks är barnomsorg samt individ- och familjeomsorg, som andel av summan av kommunens kostnader för all sin verksamhet med undantag för affärsverksamheten. Effekterna skattas med hjälp av paneldataregressioner med fixa effekter. Studien finner inga säkerställda samband mellan andelen kvinnor i kommunfullmäktige och kommunens kostnader för barnomsorg och individ- och familjeomsorg.

  • Aspenström, Pontus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Vascular Biology.
    Activated Rho GTPases in Cancer-The Beginning of a New Paradigm2018In: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, ISSN 1422-0067, E-ISSN 1422-0067, Vol. 19, no 12, article id 3949Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Involvement of Rho GTPases in cancer has been a matter of debate since the identification of the first members of this branch of the Ras superfamily of small GTPases. The Rho GTPases were ascribed important roles in the cell, although these were restricted to regulation of cytoskeletal dynamics, cell morphogenesis, and cell locomotion, with initially no clear indications of direct involvement in cancer progression. This paradigm has been challenged by numerous observations that Rho-regulated pathways are often dysregulated in cancers. More recently, identification of point mutants in the Rho GTPases Rac1, RhoA, and Cdc42 in human tumors has finally given rise to a new paradigm, and we can now state with confidence that Rho GTPases serve as oncogenes in several human cancers. This article provides an expose of current knowledge of the roles of activated Rho GTPases in cancers.

  • Ablikim, M.
    et al.
    Andersson, Walter Ikegami
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Johansson, Tord
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Kupsc, Andrzej
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Li, Cui
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Papenbrock, Michael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Pettersson, Joachim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Schönning, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Wolke, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Zou, J.H.
    Measurements of e(+)e(-)-> (KSK +/-)-K-0 pi(-/+)pi(0) and (KSK +/-)-K-0 pi(-/+)eta at center-of-mass energies from 3.90 to 4.60 GeV2019In: Physical Review D: covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology, ISSN 2470-0010, E-ISSN 2470-0029, Vol. 99, no 1, article id 012003Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using 5.2 fb(-1) e(+)e(-) annihilation data samples collected with the BESIII detector, we measure the cross sections of e(+)e(-)->(KSK +/-)-K-0 pi(-/+)pi(0) and (KSK +/-)-K-0 pi(-/+)eta at center-of-mass energies from 3.90 to 4.60 GeV. In addition, we search for the charmoniumlike resonance Y(4260) decays into (KSK +/-)-K-0 pi(-/+)pi(0) and (KSK +/-)-K-0 pi(-/+)eta and Z(c)(0,+/-) (3900) decays into (KSK +/-)-K-0 pi(-/+)(,0) and (KSK +/-)-K-0 eta. Corresponding upper limits are provided since no clear signal is observed.

  • Sandhu, Roopinder K.
    et al.
    Univ Alberta, Mazankowski Alberta Heart Inst, Edmonton, AB, Canada;Univ Alberta, Canadian VIGOUR Ctr, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
    Ezekowitz, Justin A.
    Univ Alberta, Mazankowski Alberta Heart Inst, Edmonton, AB, Canada;Univ Alberta, Canadian VIGOUR Ctr, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
    Hijazi, Ziad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology.
    Westerbergh, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
    Aulin, Julia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology.
    Alexander, John H.
    Duke Clin Res Inst, Duke Med, Durham, NC USA.
    Granger, Christopher B.
    Duke Clin Res Inst, Duke Med, Durham, NC USA.
    Halvorsen, Sigrun
    Oslo Univ Hosp Ulleval, Dept Cardiol, Oslo, Norway;Univ Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Hanna, Michael S.
    Bristol Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ USA.
    Lopes, Renato D.
    Duke Clin Res Inst, Duke Med, Durham, NC USA.
    Siegbahn, Agneta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Chemistry.
    Wallentin, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
    Obesity paradox on outcome in atrial fibrillation maintained even considering the prognostic influence of biomarkers: insights from the ARISTOTLE trial2018In: Open heart, E-ISSN 2053-3624, Vol. 5, no 2, article id UNSP e000908Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective

    We investigated the association between obesity and biomarkers indicating cardiac or renal dysfunction or inflammation and their interaction with obesity and outcomes.

    Methods

    A total of 14 753 patients in the Apixaban for Reduction In STroke and Other ThromboemboLic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) trial provided plasma samples at randomisation to apixaban or warfarin. Median follow-up was 1.9 years. Body Mass Index (BMI) was measured at baseline and categorised as normal, 18.5-25 kg/m(2); overweight, >25 to <30 kg/m(2); and obese, >= 30 kg/m(2). We analysed the biomarkers high-sensitivity C reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6), growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15), troponin T and N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP). Outcomes included stroke/systemic embolism (SE), myocardial infarction (MI), composite (stroke/SE, MI, or all-cause mortality), all-cause and cardiac mortality, and major bleeding.

    Results

    Compared with normal BMI, obese patients had significantly higher levels of hs-CRP and IL-6 and lower levels of GDF-15, troponin T and NT-pro-BNP. In multivariable analyses, higher compared with normal BMI was associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality (overweight: HR 0.73 (95% CI 0.63 to 0.86); obese: 0.67 (0.56 to 0.80), p<0.0001), cardiac death (overweight: HR 0.74 (95% CI 0.60 to 0.93); obese: 0.71 (0.56 to 0.92), p=0.01) and composite endpoint (overweight: 0.80 (0.70 to 0.92); obese: 0.72 (0.62 to 0.84), p<0.0001).

    Conclusions

    Regardless of biomarkers indicating inflammation or cardiac or renal dysfunction, obesity was independently associated with an improved survival in anticoagulated patients with AF.

  • Albert, A.
    et al.
    Botner, Olga
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Burgman, Alexander
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Hallgren, Allan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Pérez de los Heros, Carlos
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Unger, Lisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Zweizig, J.
    Search for Multimessenger Sources of Gravitational Waves and High-energy Neutrinos with Advanced LIGO during Its First Observing Run, ANTARES, and IceCube2019In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 870, no 2, article id 134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Astrophysical sources of gravitational waves, such as binary neutron star and black hole mergers or core-collapse supernovae, can drive relativistic outflows, giving rise to non-thermal high-energy emission. High-energy neutrinos are signatures of such outflows. The detection of gravitational waves and high-energy neutrinos from common sources could help establish the connection between the dynamics of the progenitor and the properties of the outflow. We searched for associated emission of gravitational waves and high-energy neutrinos from astrophysical transients with minimal assumptions using data from Advanced LIGO from its first observing run O1, and data from the ANTARES and IceCube neutrino observatories from the same time period. We focused on candidate events whose astrophysical origins could not be determined from a single messenger. We found no significant coincident candidate, which we used to constrain the rate density of astrophysical sources dependent on their gravitational-wave and neutrino emission processes.

  • Fredlander, Oskar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Melbye, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Hur poliser lär sig hantera stressfyllda situationer: En fängslande studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka polisers upplevelse över hur de lär sig att hantera stressfyllda situationer med utgångspunkt i det formella och informella lärandet. Utifrån syftet formulerades följande frågeställningar: Hur upplever poliser att de förbereds för dessa stressfyllda situationer under sin utbildning? Hur lär de sig hantera dessa stressfyllda situationer när de sedan börjar tjänstgöra som poliser och vilken roll spelar här det informella lärandet? Vilken form av lärande upplever poliserna har störst inverkan på hur de i praktiken kan handskas med de stressfyllda situationerna? Hur visar det sig? För att besvara frågeställningarna genomfördes 7 stycken semistrukturerade intervjuer med poliser som jobbar med stressfyllda situationer. Empirin tolkades och analyserades med hjälp av Wengers (1998) teori om praktikgemenskaper. Resultatet visade att poliserna upplever att den formella utbildningen förbereder dem inför stressfyllda situationer genom både praktiska och teoretiska moment. Det teoretiska har gett poliserna ett grundläggande tankesätt att luta sig tillbaka mot och det praktiska har förberett dem rent fysiskt genom att de kan använda sig av olika metoder och tekniker i stressfyllda situationer. Resultatet visade vidare att ett informellt lärande sker via samtal och reflektion med kollegor. Genom att fråga en kollega om hjälp kan polisen hantera stressfyllda situationer. Genom reflektion tillsammans med kollegor kan också ett lärande kring hur man hanterar situationer uppstå. Resultatet visade att erfarenhet (en form av informellt lärande) av andra situationer är viktigt för att poliserna ska kunna tolka situationen rätt men också för att välja ett passande agerande. Resultatet visade att den formella utbildningen är viktigare i början av poliskarriären men att det informella lärandet sedan tar mer plats. Brister i den formella utbildningen vad gäller hanterandet av stressfyllda situationer leder till att det informella lärandet tar mer utrymme i polisens dagliga arbete och upplevs som det viktigaste för att hantera stressfyllda situationer.