uu.seUppsala universitets publikationer
Ändra sökning
Länk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
BETA
von Hackwitz, Kim
Publikationer (10 of 14) Visa alla publikationer
Burgi, M., Bieling, C., von Hackwitz, K., Kizos, T., Lieskovsky, J., Martin, M. G., . . . Printsmann, A. (2017). Processes and driving forces in changing cultural landscapes across Europe. Landscape Ecology, 32(11), 2097-2112
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Processes and driving forces in changing cultural landscapes across Europe
Visa övriga...
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Landscape Ecology, ISSN 0921-2973, E-ISSN 1572-9761, Vol. 32, nr 11, s. 2097-2112Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Context

Cultural landscapes evolve over time. However, the rate and direction of change might not be in line with societal needs and more information on the forces driving these changes are therefore needed.

Objectives

Filling the gap between single case studies and meta-analyses, we present a comparative study of landscape changes and their driving forces based in six regions across Europe conducted using a consistent method.

Methods

A LULC analysis based on historical and contemporary maps from the nineteenth and twentieth century was combined with oral history interviews to learn more about perceived landscape changes, and remembered driving forces. Land cover and landscape changes were analysed regarding change, conversions and processes. For all case study areas, narratives on mapped land cover change, perceived landscape changes and driving forces were compiled.

Results

Despite a very high diversity in extent, direction and rates of change, a few dominant processes and widespread factors driving the changes could be identified in the six case study areas, i.e. access and infrastructure, political shifts, labor market, technological innovations, and for the more recent period climate change.

Conclusions

Grasping peoples’ perception supplements the analyses of mapped land use and land cover changes and allows to address perceived landscape changes. The list of driving forces determined to be most relevant shows clear limits in predictability: Whereas changes triggered by infrastructural developments might be comparatively easy to model, political developments cannot be foreseen but might, nevertheless, leave major marks in the landscape.

Nyckelord
Land change science, Landscape history, Oral history interviews, Topographic maps, Land cover change, Technology, Subsidies, Infrastructure
Nationell ämneskategori
Arkeologi Historia
Forskningsämne
Arkeologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-341944 (URN)10.1007/s10980-017-0513-z (DOI)000414975000003 ()
Forskningsfinansiär
EU, Europeiska forskningsrådet, 603447
Tillgänglig från: 2018-02-16 Skapad: 2018-02-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-02-16Bibliografiskt granskad
von Hackwitz, K. & Löwenborg, D. (2016). HERCULES - Sustainable futures for Europe’s HERitage in CULtural landscapES: Tools for understanding, managing, and protecting landscape functions and values: D2.3 Dynamic models for analyzing long-term landscape change.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>HERCULES - Sustainable futures for Europe’s HERitage in CULtural landscapES: Tools for understanding, managing, and protecting landscape functions and values: D2.3 Dynamic models for analyzing long-term landscape change
2016 (Engelska)Rapport (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Work Package 2.3 of the HERCULES project brings together a protocol for studying the long-term changes in cultural landscapes and spatial dynamic modelling frameworks and tools. Additionally it presents the possibilities of applying web GIS tools, which are available through HERCULES´s Knowledge Hub (WP7) to publish and share the research results with various actors having different disciplinary backgrounds. The protocol defines an innovative methodological procedure for understanding the long-term development and transformation of cultural landscapes, drawing on recent insights from geography, landscape archaeology, (historical) ecology, anthropology and information science. The protocol subsequently deals with the following topics and issues:  An overview of the major concepts and approaches in archaeological and historical landscape research in both North America and Europe and the major issues raised in landscape history over the past decades (Section 2.1). This also defines the necessity of developing an integrated approach to long-term changes in cultural landscapes (Section 2.2); A set of premises for understanding long-term changes in cultural landscapes (Section 2.3), as well as a number of operational principles for translating these premises to concrete starting points, procedures, methods and techniques in individual or comparative landscape projects (Section 2.4). These premises and operational principles are based on the methodological buildings blocks of the protocol: historical ecology, landscape biography and complex systems theory. Based on the protocol two spatial dynamic modelling frameworks are presented and applied in two carefully selected case study areas (i.e. the Dutch Lower Rhine region and the Swedish Uppland region). The modelling frameworks present innovative methods that allow analyzing past spatial dynamics. The presented modelling frameworks demonstrate the high potential of spatial dynamic modelling framework to better understand past landscape processes. However, it also shows that it is highly complicated to simulate these spatial dynamics. The main problems are the quality and detail of available data, and the uncertainties in assumptions made. Interpreting and using the modelling results must therefore be approached with care and requires additional research. Additionally this deliverable shows the potential of HERCULES’s Knowledge Hub. It shows how the results of one of the modelling frameworks can be interactively presented using advance web mapping technologies (i.e. story telling GIS tools). This does not only allow the research results to be published in a scientific transparent way, it also offers tooling to bridge the gap between academic spatial modelling experts, heritage landscape experts and nonscientific stakeholders.

Förlag
s. 96
Nyckelord
Long term landuse, GIS, modelling, Archaeology
Nationell ämneskategori
Arkeologi
Forskningsämne
Arkeologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-311745 (URN)
Projekt
HERCULES
Forskningsfinansiär
EU, FP7, Sjunde ramprogrammet, 603447
Tillgänglig från: 2017-01-01 Skapad: 2017-01-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-01-02Bibliografiskt granskad
Peyroteo Stjerna, R. & von Hackwitz, K. (Eds.). (2015). Ancient Death Ways: Proceedings of the workshop on archaeology and mortuary practices. Uppsala, 16–17 May 2013 (300ed.). Uppsala: Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Ancient Death Ways: Proceedings of the workshop on archaeology and mortuary practices. Uppsala, 16–17 May 2013
2015 (Engelska)Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Ancient Death Ways – proceedings of the workshop on archaeology and mortuary practices, contains articles of the work in progress presented and discussed at the Ancient Death Ways 2013 meeting, which was organised around three main themes: current research, landscapes of death, and defining death. The diversity of case studies and subjects tackled by the participants reflects the richness of the field of archaeological research concerning death studies. This book does not aim to be a treaty on the archaeology of death in 2013, but rather a straightforward outcome of the sessions. The series of eight articles is introduced and closed by two commentary essays from two of the moderators of the workshop.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Uppsala: Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, 2015. s. 204 Upplaga: 300
Serie
Occasional papers in archaeology, ISSN 1100-6358 ; 59
Nyckelord
Mesolithic, Neolithic, death, funerary archaeology, mortuary practices, archaeothanatology, cremation, ritual practice, GIS, landscape archaeology
Nationell ämneskategori
Arkeologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-251622 (URN)978-91-506-2446-5 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-04-22 Skapad: 2015-04-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-01-25Bibliografiskt granskad
von Hackwitz, K. (2015). D2.2 Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) for linking geographical, archaeological, historical, and ecological data and information for the case studies.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>D2.2 Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) for linking geographical, archaeological, historical, and ecological data and information for the case studies
2015 (Engelska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The second deliverable of WP2 (D2.2) of the HERCULES project contains the outlines of the Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) for retrieving and linking archaeological, historical, and ecological data and geo-information to support the interdisciplinary study of landscape change. It reports on the current state of the infrastructural facility, as the content (data) and functionality (query, analysis and visualization functions) will be refined further in the process of the modelling conducted in three regional case studies (task 2.3) and inter-regional comparisons within the HERCULES project. The SDI outline defines an innovative SDI conceptualization and architecture, grounded in international SDI literature and the functionality and data needs of interdisciplinary research of the long-term development and transformation of cultural landscapes. Furthermore, it describes how the architecture has been implemented in order to achieve a user-centric facility that meets the demands of the WP2 researchers and their societal partners and that enables the SDI to be linked to the Knowledge Hub developed in WP7. The SDI outline subsequently deals with the following topics and issues: 1. A short description of its main aim and its relationship to the work being done in other WPs of the HERCULES project (Section 1); 2. A detailed description of an innovative methodology for the development of a usercentric SDI (Section 2) 3. An elaboration on the SDI architecture (technical components) implemented to support the researchers of WP2 (Section 3) 4. An elaboration on the SDI content (data) with specific reference to the modelling conducted in WP2 (Section 4)

Förlag
s. 31
Serie
HERCULES Sustainable futures for Europe’s HERitage in CULtural landscapES: Tools for understanding, managing, and protecting landscape functions and values
Nyckelord
Spatial Data Infrastructure; GIS; GI-Literacy; Long-term changes;Spatial Data Infrastructure; GIS; GI-Literacy; Long-term changes;
Nationell ämneskategori
Humaniora
Forskningsämne
Arkeologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-259801 (URN)
Projekt
HERCULES
Forskningsfinansiär
EU, FP7, Sjunde ramprogrammet, GA no. 603447
Tillgänglig från: 2015-08-12 Skapad: 2015-08-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2015-09-15Bibliografiskt granskad
von Hackwitz, K. (2015). D3.2 Compiled timelines of cultural landscape change for the study landscapes.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>D3.2 Compiled timelines of cultural landscape change for the study landscapes
2015 (Engelska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Work package (WP) 3 aim is to reconstruct and assess the short-term past changes and dynamics of cultural landscapes, using case study approach. As a more detailed analysis can be carried out in smaller spatial scale, Study Municipalities (SM) were distinguished within Study Landscapes (SL). The aim of this deliverable is to present the results of the task of “Compiled timelines of cultural landscape change (CTCLC)” based on land use / land cover (LULC) change analysis of maps and aerial images since mid-19th century from scales 1:10,000 – 1:50,000 digitised and generalised to 1:50,000 level. The variety of available maps, scales and level of detail for each SM in different natural, physical, political, social and cultural environment is enormous and does not justify cross-SM comparisons on LULC level. Still, some individual conclusions for CTCLC for specific SM can be drawn: 1. Estonia: SL – Vooremaa and Kodavere, SM – Alatskivi and Peipsiääre. Constant struggle with amelioration has reduced the area of wetlands remarkably promoting forest in a marginalised area where otherwise the landscape has been quite stable: massive forest with mosaic village landscapes. 2. Greece: SL – Lesvos, SM – Gera. The most remarkable change from 1960 to 2012 has been the decline of agriculture whereas the grassland and shrubs, especially wooded grasslands and shrubs taking over based on mapping categories. Also the forest and built-up areas are increasing as is the road network. Probably the processes of modernisation and tourist influx have had impact on abandoning agriculture, which in turn may negatively affect tourism industry that is in search for traditional olive landscapes. 3. Switzerland: SL – Obersimmental, SM – Lenk. With the glaciers melting away bare natural rock area grows slowly. No agriculture. Built-up area grows slowly. Grassland and shrubs are decreasing and forest increasing, both fragmented. Linear infrastructures have been modernised from main roads, railways to cable cars. It seems to be a rather natural landscape with forest overgrowth. 4. Spain: SL – Sierra de Guadarrama foothills, SM – Colmenar Viejo. 1946 seems to be the crucial year, agriculture was in large amounts substituted with grasslands and shrubs; forest almost clear cut. Built-up area and quarries spread as it is situated NW from Madrid. The landscape is criss-crossed with infrastructures: highways, railways and channels. A peri-urban landscape that is in constant change. 5. Sweden: SL – Uppland, SM – Börje. Changes in the vicinity of Uppsala city do not seem radical at all. Scattered mosaic land use seems to have found its peri-urban equilibrium, if this is a possibility. Typical mature polarisation is slowly under way: more monolithic fields appear and grasslands and shrubs are taking over – perhaps as the urban way of life creeps into the countryside leaving fields aside, or more ecoaware attitudes have emerged. CTCLC based on LULC change analysis is not landscape, thus this outcome will serve as a basis for “objective” background against which comparison of other methods (e.g. oral history interviews (OHI), major events and driving forces (DF) analysis, public participatory GIS (PP-GIS), terrestrial photos etc.) can be done forming Landscape change trajectories (LCT) as case study approach. The mapping exercise results will be uploaded to Knowledge Hub (KH).

Förlag
s. 73
Serie
HERCULES Sustainable futures for Europe’s HERitage in CULtural landscapES: Tools for understanding, managing, and protecting landscape functions and values
Nyckelord
Study municipality, land use analysis, land cover analysis
Nationell ämneskategori
Annan samhällsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Kulturgeografi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-259802 (URN)
Forskningsfinansiär
EU, FP7, Sjunde ramprogrammet, GA no. 603447
Tillgänglig från: 2015-08-12 Skapad: 2015-08-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2015-09-15Bibliografiskt granskad
Kolen, J., Crumley, C., Burgers, G. J., von Hackwitz, K., Howard, P., Karro, K., . . . Verhagen, P. (2015). HERCULES: Studying long-term changes in Europe’s landscapes. Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia, 209-220
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>HERCULES: Studying long-term changes in Europe’s landscapes
Visa övriga...
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia, ISSN 0169-7447, s. 209-220Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents the outlines of a new EU-fundedresearch program for the long-term history, present-daymanagement and further development of the Europeanlandscapes, including their natural and cultural heritage:HERCULES. One of the subprojects of this program(Work Package 2) links archaeological, historical andhistorical ecological data to the analysis of geo-informationin order to develop models of long-term landscape changein three carefully chosen study regions in the Netherlands,Sweden and Estonia. This is framed theoretically byintegrating insights from landscape biography, historicalecology and complex systems theory. The linking andanalysis of data will be done using a Spatial DataInfrastructure and by means of dynamic modelling.

Nyckelord
Cultural heritage, land use, historical ecology, GIS, SPI, European Landscapes
Nationell ämneskategori
Humaniora
Forskningsämne
Arkeologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-258602 (URN)
Projekt
HERCULES
Tillgänglig från: 2015-07-16 Skapad: 2015-07-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-10-04Bibliografiskt granskad
von Hackwitz, K. & Lindholm, K.-J. (2015). Landscapes of Mortuary Practices. In: Kim von Hackwitz & Rita Peyroteo-Stjerna (Ed.), Ancient Death Ways: Proceedings of the workshop on archaeology and mortuary practices, Uppsala, May 2013 (pp. 143-166). Uppsala: Uppsala universitet
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Landscapes of Mortuary Practices
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Ancient Death Ways: Proceedings of the workshop on archaeology and mortuary practices, Uppsala, May 2013 / [ed] Kim von Hackwitz & Rita Peyroteo-Stjerna, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2015, s. 143-166Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2015
Serie
Occasional papers in archaeology, ISSN 1100-6358 ; 59
Nyckelord
Mortuary practices, Landscape archaeology, GIS, Neolithic, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Arkeologi
Forskningsämne
Arkeologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-280420 (URN)979-91-506-2446-5 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2016-03-10 Skapad: 2016-03-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-12-07
von Hackwitz, K. & Lindholm, K.-J. (2015). LANDSCAPES OF MORTUARY PRACTICES. In: Kim von Hackwitz & Rita Peyroteo Stjerna (Ed.), Ancient Death Ways : Proceedings of the workshop on archaeology and mortuary practices. Uppsala, 16–17 May 2013: (pp. 143-166). Uppsala: Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>LANDSCAPES OF MORTUARY PRACTICES
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Ancient Death Ways : Proceedings of the workshop on archaeology and mortuary practices. Uppsala, 16–17 May 2013 / [ed] Kim von Hackwitz & Rita Peyroteo Stjerna, Uppsala: Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia , 2015, s. 143-166Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Free Fulltext in the main post, Ancient Death Ways

This paper focuses on the question of how a landscape perspective can contribute to the understanding of mortuary practices. By applying basic GIS methodology, we argue that it is possible to add additional dimensions to an understanding of the management of burials. The starting point is that the selection of locations and spatial relations of burials should be considered an expression of the norms and values that were important for the society that created the burials and organised the landscape. To illustrate this we use two case studies: The Passage Graves of Karleby, Falbygden and the Pitted Ware burials in Eastern Middle Sweden, Lake Hjälmaren.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Uppsala: Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, 2015
Serie
Occasional papers in archaeology, ISSN 1100-6358 ; 59
Nyckelord
Mortuary practices, Landscape archaeology, GIS, Neolithic, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Arkeologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-251632 (URN)978-91-506-2446-5 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-04-22 Skapad: 2015-04-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2015-04-22
von Hackwitz, K., Bieling, C. & Bürgi, M. (2014). D3.1 List and documentation of case study landscapesselected for HERCULES.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>D3.1 List and documentation of case study landscapesselected for HERCULES
2014 (Engelska)Övrigt, Policydokument (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

HERCULES develops insights, tools, technologies and strategies and applies and tests theseat regional case studies that span major environmental and land use history gradientsthroughout Europe. As a project that specifically refers to landscapes, the case studies form acornerstone for HERCULES.This report describes the selection of the HERCULES case studies (in the following termedstudy landscapes, SLs) regarding the criteria considered and the process carried out. As asecond part, it contains an overview of all SLs and provides a detailed profile for each area,including cartographic information.Attending to the criteria defined in the HERCULES Description of Work, a five step-processwas carried out to identify the SLs. This encompassed 1) an open call for proposals of SLcandidates among the HERCULES projects partners, 2) the evaluation of the suitability ofproposed SLs by the leaders of those WPs that are active at the SL scale, 3) a decision on theSLs taken by the responsible WP 3 team and the project coordinator, 4) an adjustment processin order to achieve a maximum overlap of the activities of different WPs in the SLs, and 5)the selection of specific focus areas/study municipalities (SMs) within the larger SLs, to bereferred to e.g. for more detailed map analyses or closer stakeholder interaction.This process resulted in the identification of nine SLs: 1) Vooremaa and Kodavere (Estonia),2) Lesvos (Greece), 3) Obersimmental (Switzerland), 4) Grand Parc de Miribel Jonage,Rhône-Alpes area (France), 5) Sierra de Guadarrama foothills (Spain), 6) Parque NaturelRegional d’Armorique (France), 7) South West Devon (United Kingdom), 8) Dutch riverdelta Rhine-Meuse (Netherlands), and 9) Uppland (Sweden). These SLs span a variety ofdifferent characteristics (e.g. the major biogeographical zones of Europe), include bothoutstanding heritage features and everyday landscapes with more hidden historical layers,cover rural and urban areas and are all firmly embedded in the project via a local contactperson who is member of the HERCULES consortium.The case study selection was a joint enterprise to which all HERCULES partners activelycontributed. It involved several typical challenges for Pan-European multi-partner projects,ranging from the homogenisation of material from different languages and administrativesystems to the development of an integrative and well-balanced agreement on the potential ofproposed sites beyond specific personal interests. As such, the successful selection of the SLsproves the capacity of the consortium to work as joint and target-oriented team.

Förlag
s. 92
Serie
HERCULES GA no. 603447
Nyckelord
Investigation area, case study, study landscape, study municipality
Nationell ämneskategori
Arkeologi
Forskningsämne
Arkeologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-239623 (URN)
Projekt
Sustainable futures for Europe’s HERitage in CULtural landscapES: Tools for understanding, managing, and protecting landscape functions and values (HERCULES)
Forskningsfinansiär
EU, FP7, Sjunde ramprogrammet
Tillgänglig från: 2014-12-29 Skapad: 2014-12-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2015-01-07
von Hackwitz, K., Kolen, J., Crumley, C. & Löwenborg, D. (2014). Innovative interdiciplinary protocol for understanding landscape dynamics, based on the rpespective of historical ecology, landscape biography and complex system theory..
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Innovative interdiciplinary protocol for understanding landscape dynamics, based on the rpespective of historical ecology, landscape biography and complex system theory.
2014 (Engelska)Övrigt, Policydokument (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The first deliverable of Work Package 2 (D 2.1) of the HERCULES project contains theoutlines of a protocol for studying the long-term changes in cultural landscapes. It is intendedas a first design of such a protocol, as it has to be tested and refined further in the process ofconducting three regional case studies and inter-regional comparisons within the HERCULESproject. The protocol defines an innovative methodological procedure for understanding thelong-term development and transformation of cultural landscapes, drawing on recent insightsfrom geography, landscape archaeology, (historical) ecology, anthropology and informationscience. The procedure will be informed by the definitions and the conceptual frameworkdeveloped in HERCULES work package 1.The protocol text subsequently deals with the following topics and issues:1. A short description of its main aim and its relationship to the work being done in otherwork packages of the HERCULES project (Section 1);2. An overview of the major concepts and approaches in archaeological and historicallandscape research in both North America and Europe and the major issues raised inlandscape history over the past decades (Section 2). This also defines the necessity ofdeveloping an integrated approach to long-term changes in cultural landscapes(Section 3);3. A set of premises for understanding long-term changes in cultural landscapes (Section4), as well as a number of operational principles for translating these premises toconcrete starting points, procedures, methods and techniques in individual orcomparative landscape projects (section 5). These premises and operational principlesare based on the methodological buildings blocks of the protocol: historical ecology,landscape biography and complex systems theory.4. Starting points for integrating landscape history with the current theory and practice ofgeodesign (Section 6);5. Design of an infrastructural facility for retrieving and linking archaeological,historical and ecological data and geo-information (SDI) to support theinterdisciplinary study of landscape change (Section 7).6. An exploration of concepts and techniques in dynamic modeling that can help betterand more consistently understand the long-term processes that have been operating (orstill are) in cultural landscapes, including outlines and examples of a comparative casestudy approach (Section 8).

Förlag
s. 26
Serie
HERCULES GA no. 603447
Nyckelord
Long-term changes; Protocol; Historical Ecology; Landscape Biography; Spatial Data Infrastructure; Dynamic Modelling; Complex Systems
Nationell ämneskategori
Arkeologi
Forskningsämne
Arkeologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-239570 (URN)
Projekt
Sustainable futures for Europe’s HERitage in CULtural landscapES: Tools for understanding, managing, and protecting landscape functions and values (HERCULES)
Forskningsfinansiär
EU, FP7, Sjunde ramprogrammet
Tillgänglig från: 2014-12-29 Skapad: 2014-12-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2015-01-07
Organisationer

Sök vidare i DiVA

Visa alla publikationer