uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Kavathatzopoulos, IordanisORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3806-5216
Publications (10 of 126) Show all publications
Persson, A. & Kavathatzopoulos, I. (2017). How to Make Decisions with Algorithms: Ethical Decision-Making Using Algorithms within Predictive Analytics. In: Richard Volkman (Ed.), CEPE/Ethicomp 2017: ElectronicCollection. Paper presented at CEPE/Ethicomp 2017, Values in Emerging Science and Technology, June 5-8, University of Turin, Italy (pp. 1-13). Torino: Università degli Studi di Torino
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How to Make Decisions with Algorithms: Ethical Decision-Making Using Algorithms within Predictive Analytics
2017 (English)In: CEPE/Ethicomp 2017: ElectronicCollection / [ed] Richard Volkman, Torino: Università degli Studi di Torino , 2017, p. 1-13Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The use of automated decision-making support, such as algorithms within predictive analytics,will inevitably be more and more relevant and will be affecting society. Sometimes it is good,and sometimes there seems to be negative effect, such as with discrimination. The solutionfocused on in this paper is how humans and algorithms, or ICT, could interact within ethicaldecision-making. What predictive analytics can produce is, arguably, mostly implicit knowledge,so what a human decision-maker could, possibly, help with is the explicit thought processes.This could be one way to conceptualize an interactive effect between humans and algorithms thatcould be fruitful. Presently there does not seem to be very much research regarding predictiveanalytics and ethical decisions, concerning this human-algorithm interaction. Rather it is often afocus on pure technological solutions, or with laws and regulation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Torino: Università degli Studi di Torino, 2017
Keywords
predictive analytics, algorithms, ethical decision-making, implicit bias, critical thinking, automation, fourth paradigm
National Category
Human Computer Interaction Ethics Computer Sciences
Research subject
Human-Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-329422 (URN)
Conference
CEPE/Ethicomp 2017, Values in Emerging Science and Technology, June 5-8, University of Turin, Italy
Projects
ETHCOMP
Available from: 2017-09-14 Created: 2017-09-14 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Kavathatzopoulos, I. (2016). Βιοηθική δεοντολογία, παιδιά και νοσηλευτικό προσωπικό. In: : . Paper presented at Ιατρική Ευθύνη & Βιοηθική IV, Το Παιδί.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Βιοηθική δεοντολογία, παιδιά και νοσηλευτικό προσωπικό
2016 (Greek, Modern (1453-))Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [el]

Τα ηθικά προβλήματα που προκύπτουν στις σχέσεις μεταξύ των ανθρώπων είναι σημαντικά. Σημαντικότερα είναι όμως τα προβλήματα σε σχέση με άτομα που βρίσκονται σε κάποια σχέση εξάρτησης, και ειδικότερα σε σχέση με παιδιά. Η ευθύνη σε αυτή την περίπτωση βαραίνει αποκλειστικά τους ενήλικες είτε αυτοί είναι νοσηλευτικό προσωπικό είτε γονείς είτε άλλοι εμπλεκόμενοι ενήλικες.

Τα ηθικά προβλήματα που προκύπτουν σε αυτές τις περιπτώσεις απαιτούν άψογους χειρισμούς ειδάλλως ελλοχεύει ο κίνδυνος αποτυχίας της θεραπευτικής προσπάθειας, δημιουργία αντιπαραθέσεων και συγκρούσεων, πρόκληση συναισθηματικών τραυμάτων, κ.α.

Ένας κλασσικός τρόπος αντιμετώπισης αυτών των κινδύνων είναι η διατύπωση ηθικών αρχών και κανόνων. Πράγματι, στον χώρο της βιοηθικής βρίσκουμε έναν μεγάλο αριθμό κωδίκων δεοντολογίας που καλύπτουν διαφορετικές δραστηριότητες και περιπτώσεις.

Η συνήθης αντίληψη είναι ότι η ύπαρξη τέτοιων κωδίκων είναι αρκετή για τη σωστή εφαρμογή τους. Δεν είναι όμως έτσι απλά. Οι κανόνες δεν εφαρμόζονται αυτόματα. Πρέπει να ερμηνευθούν και να προσαρμοστούν στη συγκεκριμένη πραγματικότητα. Αυτό σημαίνει ότι τα υπεύθυνα άτομα ή οι ομάδες ατόμων πρέπει να διαθέτουν τις απαραίτητες  δεξιότητες για να μπορούν να εφαρμόσουν τους κανόνες με επιτυχία.  Δηλαδή, ο τρόπος σκέψης και δράσης τους απαιτεί εμπειρία ή προηγούμενη  εξάσκηση καθώς και διαρκή υποστήριξη και εξέλιξη.

Για να αντιμετωπισθεί αυτό το πρόβλημα, και με βάση την ηθική φιλοσοφία και την έρευνα στη λήψη ηθικών αποφάσεων, έχουν αναπτυχθεί ειδικές εκπαιδευτικοί μέθοδοι και εργαλεία με στόχο την υποστήριξη της ηθικής δεξιότητας στην εφαρμογή των κανόνων δεοντολογίας. Είναι πρακτικά εφαρμόσιμοι και έχουν ήδη δοκιμαστεί σε πολλά και διαφορετικά ιδρύματα για την εκπαίδευση και ανάπτυξη ηθικών δεξιοτήτων υπεύθυνων ατόμων και ομάδων προσωπικού.

Keywords
Ηθική, βιοηθική, παιδί, νοσηλευτές, δεοντολογία
National Category
Ethics Psychology Educational Sciences Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
Human-Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-309626 (URN)
Conference
Ιατρική Ευθύνη & Βιοηθική IV, Το Παιδί
Projects
ETHCOMP
Available from: 2016-12-06 Created: 2016-12-06 Last updated: 2018-01-13
Patrignani, N. & Kavathatzopoulos, I. (2015). Cloud Computing: The Ultimate Step Towards the Virtual Enterprise?. In: Mark Coeckelbergh, Bernd Stahl, and Catherine Flick; Vaibhav Garg and Dee Weikle (Ed.), Computers & Society: The Newsletter of the ACM Special Interest Group on Computers and Society Special Issue on 20 Years of ETHICOMP. Paper presented at ETHICOMP 2015 (pp. 68-72). ACM Digital Library
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cloud Computing: The Ultimate Step Towards the Virtual Enterprise?
2015 (English)In: Computers & Society: The Newsletter of the ACM Special Interest Group on Computers and Society Special Issue on 20 Years of ETHICOMP / [ed] Mark Coeckelbergh, Bernd Stahl, and Catherine Flick; Vaibhav Garg and Dee Weikle, ACM Digital Library, 2015, p. 68-72Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper proposes a reflection on cloud computing among users, organizations, policy makers, and providers. In particular the focus is on the social and ethical implications for organizations developing a strategy for cloud computing. Also the new roles and responsibilities of the CIOs are analyzed within the complexity of the stakeholders' network around cloud computing. The cloud opportunities but also the issues of concerns are investigated due to their importance for organizations that are more and more shifting towards virtual enterprises.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ACM Digital Library, 2015
Series
ACM SIGCAS Computers and Society Newsletter, ISSN 0095-2737
Keywords
Cloud Computing, Computer Ethics, Business Ethics, CIO, Virtual Enterprise
National Category
Human Computer Interaction Computer and Information Sciences Sociology Ethics Philosophy Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Human-Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-266792 (URN)10.1145/2874239.2874249 (DOI)
Conference
ETHICOMP 2015
Projects
ETHCOMP
Available from: 2015-11-10 Created: 2015-11-10 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Asai, R. & Kavathatzopoulos, I. (2015). Ethical Competence and Social Responsibility in Scientific Research using ICT Tools. In: Mark Coeckelbergh, Bernd Stahl, and Catherine Flick; Vaibhav Garg and Dee Weikle (Ed.), Computers & Society: The Newsletter of the ACM Special Interest Group on Computers and Society Special Issue on 20 Years of ETHICOMP. Paper presented at ETHICOMP 2015 (pp. 345-347). ACM Digital Library
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethical Competence and Social Responsibility in Scientific Research using ICT Tools
2015 (English)In: Computers & Society: The Newsletter of the ACM Special Interest Group on Computers and Society Special Issue on 20 Years of ETHICOMP / [ed] Mark Coeckelbergh, Bernd Stahl, and Catherine Flick; Vaibhav Garg and Dee Weikle, ACM Digital Library, 2015, p. 345-347Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study explores how to improve and support researchers'ethical competence in scientic research and how to conduct research ethically, especially in research activities using Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Refining research ethics relating to ICT is unavoidable in the highly technological society of today, for example big data is used in different scientic research activities, and systems which support our daily lives are constructed based on the existing systems. In other words, technology reproduces technology itself. And almost all research activities need to use ICT through the whole research process. Moreover, researchers are required to be able to participate and react sensibly in ethical dialogues with society and citizens. Seen in that light, this study could be applicable not only to computer science and technology but also to a broad spectrum of research areas as the constructive notions of ethics, liberty and responsibility in research activity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ACM Digital Library, 2015
Series
ACM SIGCAS Computers and Society Newsletter, ISSN 0095-2737
Keywords
Autonomy, decision making, ethical competence, ethical guidelines, research ethics
National Category
Human Computer Interaction Ethics Computer and Information Sciences
Research subject
Human-Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-266791 (URN)10.1145/2874239.2874290 (DOI)
Conference
ETHICOMP 2015
Projects
ETHCOMP
Available from: 2015-11-10 Created: 2015-11-10 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Kavathatzopoulos, I. & Laaksoharju, M. (2015). Etik och medicinteknik. In: Fredrik Nikolajeff (Ed.), Medicinteknikdagarna 2015: . Paper presented at Medicinteknikdagarna 2015; 13–14 oktober 2015, Uppsala (pp. 94-94). Uppsala: Svensk Förening för Medicinsk Teknik och Fysik (MTF), Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Etik och medicinteknik
2015 (Swedish)In: Medicinteknikdagarna 2015 / [ed] Fredrik Nikolajeff, Uppsala: Svensk Förening för Medicinsk Teknik och Fysik (MTF), Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala universitet , 2015, p. 94-94Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

De nya metoder för att diagnostisera och behandla sjukdomar och de nya möjligheter som den medicinska teknologin och då inte minst informationsteknologin erbjuder, ställer beslutsfattarna inom vården inför nya typer av etiska beslutssituationer. Förbättrade metoder för diagnosticering ger information som inte alltid har önskvärda konsekvenser, exempelvis abort av barn av oönskat kön. De nya möjligheterna att behandla sjukdomstillstånd som tidigare uppfattats som hopplösa innebär allvarliga och svåra val då liv kan komma att vägas mot samhällskostnad. Ny medicinteknik kan kräva snabbt beslutsfattande där eftertanke inte hinns med vilket ställer frågan om teknikleverantörens ansvar på sin spets. Den nya internetsjukvården, dvs. de nya möjligheter till medicinsk konsultation och information som skapats genom Internet ger upphov till nya relationer mellan vårdgivare och patient och aktualiserar därmed också frågor om ansvar och etik.

Tekniken ger oss nya möjligheter för diagnos och terapi men även för organiseringen av vården, t ex patientjournaler och distansvård, men tekniken innebär också risker i form av feldiagnoser, skador i vården, intrång på patientintegritet, etc. Dialysolyckan i Linköping och konflikten om elektroniska patientjournaler är talande exempel. Det är viktigt att medicinteknik fungerar så som det är tänkt och att vårdpersonal, patienter och allmänhet litar på och accepterar tekniken. Annars kan vi inte dra nytta av det tekniken har att erbjuda.

Det är också viktigt att vårdpersonal och alla användare av medicinteknik förstår hur den fungerar och vilka effekter den kan ha, och att de har kompetensen att hantera problem som kan uppstå vid användning, även icke tekniska sådana. Etiken är därför en mycket viktig aspekt i medicinteknikutvecklingen. Det är nödvändigt att integrera etiska bedömningar i utformningen av medicinsk teknik och förbereda vårdpersonal, patienter och alla berörda för en etisk användning.

Om etiken är viktig för medicinsk teknik blir den intressanta frågan hur ska vi lyckas integrera etiken i forskning, utveckling, design, och användning av medicinteknik. Det vanligaste angreppsättet är att försöka anpassa tekniken till viktiga moraliska principer och regler. Om det fungerar är detta det snabbaste och enklaste sättet att bygga etisk medicinteknik. Det finns dock flera frågor med detta angreppsätt, t ex vilken princip som ska gälla och vilken tolkning som ska tillämpas i designen av medicinteknik. Det kan också upplevas som att etiken fungerar enbart begränsande i utvecklingsarbetet.

Vi föreslår ett angreppsätt baserat på klassisk etikfilosofi. Vi skiftar fokus från det normativa innehållet till utvecklings- och användningsprocessen. Det viktiga blir att fokusera på hur vi skapar den kunskap vi behöver och hur ansvar kan fördelas när vi designar etisk medicinsk teknik. Detta öppnar upp för skapande av olika metoder och verktyg samt stöd för användares etiska kompetensutveckling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Svensk Förening för Medicinsk Teknik och Fysik (MTF), Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala universitet, 2015
Keywords
Medicinteknik, etik, teknikanvändning, teknikutveckling, utveckling, utbildning
National Category
Human Computer Interaction Medical and Health Sciences Ethics
Research subject
Human-Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-268313 (URN)
Conference
Medicinteknikdagarna 2015; 13–14 oktober 2015, Uppsala
Projects
ETHCOMP
Available from: 2015-12-03 Created: 2015-12-03 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Kavathatzopoulos, I., Lennerfors, T., Laaksoharju, M., Asai, R. & Björk, I. (2015). Etikutbildning för ingenjörer: Övningar, verktyg, metoder. In: Stefan Pålsson (Ed.), 5:e utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges Ingenjörsutbildningar: . Paper presented at 5:e utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges Ingenjörsutbildningar; 18–19 november 2015, Teknisk-naturvetenskaplig fakultet, Uppsala universitet (pp. 30-31). Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Etikutbildning för ingenjörer: Övningar, verktyg, metoder
Show others...
2015 (Swedish)In: 5:e utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges Ingenjörsutbildningar / [ed] Stefan Pålsson, Uppsala universitet, 2015, p. 30-31Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

En utbildning i etik som ska träna studenter att själva hantera etiska problem måste utgå ifrån klassisk filosofi och från etikpsykologisk forskning i problemlösning och beslutsfattande. Utbildningen ska koncentrera sig på praktiskt arbete och seminarier med egna verkliga etiska dilemman. Målet är utveckling av förmågan att lösa etiska problem, tolka och tillämpa viktiga principer och regler, och delta aktivt i dialog med andra intressenter. I workshopen kommer vi att visa metoder, verktyg och övningar som vi använder i våra etikkurser för ingenjörer och teknologer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala universitet, 2015
Keywords
Ingenjörsutbildning, etik, didaktik, utbildning, kurs, övning, verktyg, metod
National Category
Human Computer Interaction Ethics Didactics Pedagogy Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Human-Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-268314 (URN)
Conference
5:e utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges Ingenjörsutbildningar; 18–19 november 2015, Teknisk-naturvetenskaplig fakultet, Uppsala universitet
Projects
ETHCOMP
Available from: 2015-12-03 Created: 2015-12-03 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Kavathatzopoulos, I. & Björk, I. (2015). How ethical robots process information, communicate and act. In: 1st TRANSOR Workshop: Methodological Problems of Social Robotics. Paper presented at 1st TRANSOR Workshop: Methodological Problems of Social Robotics, Aarhus University, Denmark, January 28–30, 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How ethical robots process information, communicate and act
2015 (English)In: 1st TRANSOR Workshop: Methodological Problems of Social Robotics, 2015Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Robots can be of great help to obtain optimal solutions to problems in situations where humans have difficulties to perceive and process information, or make decisions and implement actions because of the quantity, variation and complexity of information.

 

However, if they do not act in accordance to our ethical values they will not be used or will cause harm. Classical philosophical theory and psychological research on problem solving and decision making gives us a concrete definition of ethics and opens up the way for the construction of robots that can support handling of moral problems. Linguistic research focusing on language use as realization of meaning during the communication between humans and robots gives us the tools for investigating how particular linguistic features such as words and grammar may be related to ethical thinking.

 

In such research work we can focus on three different kinds of robots: The first one is already programmed to act in certain ways, and the focus is on designers using ethical tools to identify moral problems and formulate solutions. The second is an integrated system which is also pre-programmed but also contains an ethical tool to gather information, to present it to the operators and to communicate with them. The third is trained autonomous systems in which we will implement automatic judgment. Such research will help us to clarify theoretical issues, to formulate working methods, and to develop technical solutions that will support ethical decision making of automated IT systems.

Keywords
autonomous systems, robots, language, communication, ethics, moral
National Category
Human Computer Interaction Computer Vision and Robotics (Autonomous Systems) Language Technology (Computational Linguistics) Ethics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-253113 (URN)
Conference
1st TRANSOR Workshop: Methodological Problems of Social Robotics, Aarhus University, Denmark, January 28–30, 2015
Projects
ETHCOMPCEST
Available from: 2015-05-20 Created: 2015-05-20 Last updated: 2018-01-11
Kavathatzopoulos, I. (2015). ICT and sustainability: skills and methods for dialogue and policy making. Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society, 13(1), 13-18
Open this publication in new window or tab >>ICT and sustainability: skills and methods for dialogue and policy making
2015 (English)In: Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society, ISSN 1477-996X, E-ISSN 1758-8871, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 13-18Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present an overview and to discuss the following issues: most often, discussions about Information and communication technology (ICT) sustainability focus on environmental issues; however, there are other aspects referring to ICT internal sustainability and to its role as a tool in managing general sustainability issues. The way to handle ICT sustainability issues is also significant.

Design/methodology/approach: The paper discusses and investigates various aspects of ICT sustainability, and of methods to handle these issues and make decisions.

Findings: Classical philosophy and psychological empirical research on decision-making demonstrate the way to take care of ICT sustainability issues. This way is philosophizing, which has to be trained and supported for people and organizations involved to acquire the necessary skills and to use suitable methods.

Originality/value: The paper highlights other significant aspects of ICT sustainability rather than the environmental impact alone. It also proposes focus on the way ICT sustainability issues are handled rather than focus on normative or ideological aspects of it.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015
Keywords
Sustainability, Autonomy, Computer ethics, IT ethics, Human–computer interaction, Ethics education
National Category
Human Computer Interaction Environmental Sciences Ethics Philosophy Human Aspects of ICT Political Science Computer and Information Sciences Psychology
Research subject
Human-Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-246462 (URN)10.1108/JICES-12-2014-0063 (DOI)
Projects
ETHCOMPCESTSECURITY
Available from: 2015-03-08 Created: 2015-03-08 Last updated: 2018-01-11
Kavathatzopoulos, I. & Asai, R. (2015). Judging the complexity of privacy, openness and loyalty issues. In: Mark Coeckelbergh, Bernd Stahl, and Catherine Flick; Vaibhav Garg and Dee Weikle (Ed.), Computers & Society: The Newsletter of the ACM Special Interest Group on Computers and Society Special Issue on 20 Years of ETHICOMP. Paper presented at ETHICOMP 2015 (pp. 416-419). ACM Digital Library
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Judging the complexity of privacy, openness and loyalty issues
2015 (English)In: Computers & Society: The Newsletter of the ACM Special Interest Group on Computers and Society Special Issue on 20 Years of ETHICOMP / [ed] Mark Coeckelbergh, Bernd Stahl, and Catherine Flick; Vaibhav Garg and Dee Weikle, ACM Digital Library, 2015, p. 416-419Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Privacy protection and whistle-blowing are controversial issues. Privacy has to be protected but it hinders access to correct information. Whistle-blowing is necessary for correct decision-making, neutralizing wrong beliefs and preventing crime but it may destabilize groups, institutions and societies, and cause conicts. The question investigated here was whether people judging the controversial issues of privacy and whistle-blowing take a moralistic or a philosophical approach. The hypothesis was that homogeneous responses point to a philosophical approach whereas responses correlated with cultural background point to a moralistic approach. Participants' responses to a questionnaire on Manning and Snowden cases did not produce an unambiguous picture, and this result did not lead to a decisive answer to our hypothesis question.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ACM Digital Library, 2015
Series
ACM SIGCAS Computers and Society Newsletter, ISSN 0095-2737
Keywords
Culture, decision-making, ethics, privacy, Edward Snowden, Sweden, Whistle-blowing
National Category
Human Computer Interaction Media and Communication Technology Media and Communications Political Science Sociology Psychology Ethics
Research subject
Human-Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-266789 (URN)10.1145/2874239.2874300 (DOI)
Conference
ETHICOMP 2015
Projects
ETHCOMP
Available from: 2015-11-10 Created: 2015-11-10 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Kavathatzopoulos, I. (2015). Philosophy and philosophology. In: : . Paper presented at Japanese Ethics and Technology - Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science and Uppsala University,2-3 September 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Philosophy and philosophology
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Keywords
IT, computer, robot, ethics, philosophy
National Category
Human Computer Interaction Ethics Philosophy
Research subject
Human-Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-266784 (URN)
Conference
Japanese Ethics and Technology - Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science and Uppsala University,2-3 September 2015
Projects
ETHCOMP
Available from: 2015-11-10 Created: 2015-11-10 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3806-5216

Search in DiVA

Show all publications