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Publications (10 of 34) Show all publications
Andreasson, R., Arweström Jansson, A. & Lindblom, J. (2019). Past and future challenges for railway research and the role of a systems perspective. In: Proc. 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association: Volume VII. Paper presented at IEA 2018, August 26–30, Florence, Italy (pp. 1737-1746). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Past and future challenges for railway research and the role of a systems perspective
2019 (English)In: Proc. 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association: Volume VII, Springer, 2019, p. 1737-1746Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Operational train traffic is dependent on an efficient traffic plan monitored and executed by the traffic controllers, the proficient maneuvering of the trains by the train drivers, and on the interaction, communication, and coordination between these two work roles. The railway research community, and the branch of industry itself, has called for an integrated systems perspective for the whole train traffic system to achieve an efficient performance. As human-human and human-technology interactions are natural parts of the socio-technical system of train traffic, the aim of this paper is to provide illustrative examples for why a systems perspective is needed for the future of railway research. Furthermore, we present the theoretical framework of distributed cognition (DCog) as a necessary addition to the theoretical and methodological toolbox of the Human Factors and Ergonomics (HF&E) discipline. To realize efficient and coordinated processes involved in organizing and executing operational train traffic, the paper proposes that the DCog framework should be implemented in the train traffic domain as a viable approach forward.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, ISSN 2194-5357, E-ISSN 2194-5365 ; 824
National Category
Interaction Technologies
Research subject
Interaction Lab (ILAB)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-364089 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-96071-5_178 (DOI)000473061800167 ()2-s2.0-85052309815 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-96070-8 (ISBN)
Conference
IEA 2018, August 26–30, Florence, Italy
Available from: 2018-08-11 Created: 2018-10-23 Last updated: 2019-08-19Bibliographically approved
Andreasson, R., Jansson, A. & Lindblom, J. (2019). The coordination between train traffic controllers and train drivers: a distributed cognition perspective on railway. Cognition, Technology & Work, 21(3), 417-443
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The coordination between train traffic controllers and train drivers: a distributed cognition perspective on railway
2019 (English)In: Cognition, Technology & Work, ISSN 1435-5558, E-ISSN 1435-5566, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 417-443Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although there has long been a call for a holistic systems perspective to better understand real work in the complex domain of railway traffic, prior research has not strongly emphasised the socio-technical perspective. In operational railway traffic, the successful planning and execution of the traffic are the product of the socio-technical system comprised by both train drivers and traffic controllers. This paper presents a study inspired by cognitive ethnography with the aim to characterise the coordinating activities that are conducted by train traffic controllers and train drivers in the work practices of the socio-technical system of Swedish railway. The theoretical framework of distributed cognition (DCog) is used as a conceptual and analytical tool to make sense of the complex railway domain and the best practices as they are developed and performed “in the wild”. The analysis reveals a pattern of collaboration and coordination of actions among the workers and we introduce the concept of enacted actionable practices as a key concern for understanding how a successfully executed railway traffic emerges as a property of the socio-technical system. The implications for future railway research are briefly discussed.

Keywords
Distributed cognition, DCog, Railway, Rail human factors
National Category
Interaction Technologies
Research subject
Interaction Lab (ILAB)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-364088 (URN)10.1007/s10111-018-0513-z (DOI)000478042500005 ()2-s2.0-85051644932 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration
Available from: 2018-10-23 Created: 2018-10-23 Last updated: 2019-09-27Bibliographically approved
Löscher, I., Axelsson, A., Vännström, J. & Jansson, A. (2018). Eliciting strategies in revolutionary design: exploring the hypothesis of predefined strategy categories. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, 19(1), 101-117
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Eliciting strategies in revolutionary design: exploring the hypothesis of predefined strategy categories
2018 (English)In: Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, ISSN 1463-922X, E-ISSN 1464-536X, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 101-117Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introducing automation in a human-machine system changes the tasks performed by human operators. It is difficult to analyse systems for which there are no experienced operators. This issue emerged within a project with the aim to develop a human–machine interface for a highly automated long-haul vehicle. To handle the problem, a formative strategies analysis method with promises to enable desktop analyses through predefined strategy categories was adopted. The method was used to investigate strategies for controlling the future long haul vehicle by conducting workshops with today's drivers. The method was shown to be a valuable asset in eliciting strategies for revolutionary design.

Keywords
Cognitive work analysis, strategies analysis, automation, revolutionary systems design, long haul trucks
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-292799 (URN)10.1080/1463922X.2017.1278805 (DOI)000428728900006 ()
Projects
MODAS
Funder
VINNOVA, 2012-03678
Available from: 2017-01-27 Created: 2016-05-09 Last updated: 2020-01-08Bibliographically approved
Axelsson, A. & A. Jansson, A. (2018). On the importance of mental time frames: A case for the need of empirical methods to investigate adaptive expertise. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 7(1), 51-59
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the importance of mental time frames: A case for the need of empirical methods to investigate adaptive expertise
2018 (English)In: Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, ISSN 2211-3681, E-ISSN 2211-369X, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 51-59Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-352734 (URN)10.1016/j.jarmac.2017.12.004 (DOI)000429489400010 ()
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration
Available from: 2018-03-03 Created: 2018-06-07 Last updated: 2019-01-09Bibliographically approved
Jansson, A. & Axelsson, A. (2017). Knowledge Elicitation in Naturalistic Decision Making: Collegial Verbalisation with "Conspective Protocols". In: Julie Gore & Paul Ward (Ed.), Naturalistic Decision Making and Uncertainty: Proceedings of the 13th Bi-annual International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making. Paper presented at 13th Bi-annual Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making (NDM), 20-23 June 2017, Bath, UK. (pp. 87-93).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Knowledge Elicitation in Naturalistic Decision Making: Collegial Verbalisation with "Conspective Protocols"
2017 (English)In: Naturalistic Decision Making and Uncertainty: Proceedings of the 13th Bi-annual International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making / [ed] Julie Gore & Paul Ward, 2017, p. 87-93Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Keywords
Decision making; naturalistic decision making; dynamic decision making, verbalisation, verbal reports
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-335143 (URN)
Conference
13th Bi-annual Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making (NDM), 20-23 June 2017, Bath, UK.
Projects
UFTB
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration
Available from: 2017-11-30 Created: 2017-11-30 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Andreasson, R. & Arweström Jansson, A. (2017). Towards a distributed cognition perspective of the Swedish train traffic system. In: Proceedings of the 13th SweCog Conference: . Paper presented at SweCog 2017, October 26–27, Uppsala, Sweden (pp. 37-39). Högskolan i Skövde
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards a distributed cognition perspective of the Swedish train traffic system
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the 13th SweCog Conference, Högskolan i Skövde , 2017, p. 37-39Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Högskolan i Skövde, 2017
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-335368 (URN)978-91-983667-2-3 (ISBN)
Conference
SweCog 2017, October 26–27, Uppsala, Sweden
Available from: 2017-11-10 Created: 2017-12-04 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Arweström Jansson, A. (2017). Vad är det trafikledarna gör som automationen inte klarar?: Tågtrafikstyrning med människan i centrum. Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vad är det trafikledarna gör som automationen inte klarar?: Tågtrafikstyrning med människan i centrum
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala universitet, 2017. p. 81
Series
KAJT-rapport
Keywords
Beslutsfattande, automation
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Human-Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-335144 (URN)
Projects
UFTB
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration
Available from: 2017-11-30 Created: 2017-11-30 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
Bodin, I., Fröjd, C. & Arweström Jansson, A. (2016). Work domain analysis of an intensive care unit: An Abstraction Hierarchy based on a bed-side approach. In: Proc. Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Europe Chapter 2015 Annual Conference: . Paper presented at Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Europe Chapter 2015 Annual Conference.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Work domain analysis of an intensive care unit: An Abstraction Hierarchy based on a bed-side approach
2016 (English)In: Proc. Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Europe Chapter 2015 Annual Conference, 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Work in intensive care units requires interaction with several medical devices and interpretation of dynamic information from several sources. The aim of the current study was to gain understanding of the work domain to support the development of a holistic information environment and further analyses of risky situations. A total of 18 hours of bed-side observations at an intensive care unit and interviews with three experienced intensive care unit nurses were conducted in order to receive input data for the modelling of the work domain. The domain was modelled in an abstraction hierarchy, as according to the first phase of the cognitive work analysis framework. The results show that the ultimate purpose of the work carried out in an intensive care unit is keeping patients alive while gaining time for treatment, but also to perform treatment and relieve symptoms. The purpose is represented at the top level of the model, and lower levels include functions as supporting the patients’ vital functions and avoiding secondary complications. With this work domain analysis as a basis, three different design challenges identified can be dealt with systematically.

National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-335425 (URN)
Conference
Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Europe Chapter 2015 Annual Conference
Available from: 2017-12-05 Created: 2017-12-05 Last updated: 2020-01-08
Jansson, A., Erlandsson, M. & Axelsson, A. (2015). Collegial verbalisation — the value of an independent observer: an ecological approach. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, 16(5), 474-494
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collegial verbalisation — the value of an independent observer: an ecological approach
2015 (English)In: Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, ISSN 1463-922X, E-ISSN 1464-536X, Vol. 16, no 5, p. 474-494Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Human Computer Interaction Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-249009 (URN)10.1080/1463922X.2015.1027322 (DOI)
Available from: 2015-04-07 Created: 2015-04-09 Last updated: 2019-01-09Bibliographically approved
Jansson, A., Stensson, P., Bodin, I., Axelsson, A. & Tschirner, S. (2014). Authority and level of automation: Lessons to be learned in design of in-vehicle assistance systems. In: Human-Computer Interaction: Applications and Services, Part III. Paper presented at 16th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCII 2014), June 22–27, Heraklion, Greece (pp. 413-424). Springer Berlin/Heidelberg
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Authority and level of automation: Lessons to be learned in design of in-vehicle assistance systems
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2014 (English)In: Human-Computer Interaction: Applications and Services, Part III, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2014, p. 413-424Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2014
Series
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743 ; 8512
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-236270 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-07227-2_39 (DOI)000342750300039 ()978-3-319-07226-5 (ISBN)
Conference
16th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCII 2014), June 22–27, Heraklion, Greece
Available from: 2014-11-18 Created: 2014-11-17 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4714-5253

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