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Knutsson, Kjel
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Publications (10 of 51) Show all publications
Gummesson, S., Sundberg, R., Knutsson, H., Zetterlund, P., Molin, F. & Knutsson, K. (2017). Lithic Raw Material Economy in the Mesolithic: An Experimental Test of Edged Tool Efficiency and Durability in Bone Tool Production. LITHIC TECHNOLOGY, 42(4), 140-154
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lithic Raw Material Economy in the Mesolithic: An Experimental Test of Edged Tool Efficiency and Durability in Bone Tool Production
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2017 (English)In: LITHIC TECHNOLOGY, ISSN 0197-7261, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 140-154Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The foundation of this paper is lithic economy with a focus on the actual use of different lithic raw materials for tasks at hand. Our specific focus is on the production of bone tools during the Mesolithic. The lithic and osseous assemblages from Strandvagen, Motala, in east-central Sweden provide the archaeological background for the study. Based on a series of experiments we evaluate the efficiency and durability of different tool edges of five lithic raw materials: Cambrian flint, Cretaceous flint, mylonitic quartz, quartz, and porphyry, each used to whittle bone. The results show that flint is the most efficient of the raw materials assessed. Thus, a non-local raw material offers complements of functional characteristics for bone working compared to locally available quartz and mylonitic quartz. This finding provides a new insight into lithic raw material distribution in the region, specifically for bone tool production on site.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2017
Keyword
Lithic raw material, experimental archaeology, efficiency, durability, Mesolithic
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-339524 (URN)10.1080/01977261.2017.1374584 (DOI)000418332000001 ()
Available from: 2018-01-22 Created: 2018-01-22 Last updated: 2018-01-22Bibliographically approved
Knutsson, H., Knutsson, K., Molin, F. & Zetterlund, P. (2016). From flint to quartz: Organization of lithic technology in relation to raw material availability during the pioneer process of Scandinavia. Quaternary International, 424, 32-57
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From flint to quartz: Organization of lithic technology in relation to raw material availability during the pioneer process of Scandinavia
2016 (English)In: Quaternary International, ISSN 1040-6182, E-ISSN 1873-4553, Vol. 424, p. 32-57Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

Formal technologies and intensified reduction are often seen as responces to increased mobility and low abundance of lithic raw material of good flakeability and controllability. In this paper we discuss an alternative explanation to this hypothesis using the change in tool raw material experienced by flint using pioneers as they had to go from a formal blade technology to a simple flake technology as they settled in Scandinavia. The region is dominated by quartz and we used use-wear data as a means to evaluate the role of this type of raw material compared to the use profile of flint assemblages in the home territories of the pioneers. Although the technology changed through simplification and loss of formal production rules due to the low workability of quartz, we conclude that changes in the foraging range into areas of bad quality tool raw materials, does not need formalization of the technology. The quartz in our sample was used for a wide variety of activities in every aspect comparable to the range of uses identified in the contemporaneous blade assemblages based on flint. Instead of formalization of the lithic technology to cope with bad quality raw materials, it was diversified and simplified but without interfering with the organisational dimensions and design criteria of the bone technology.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
Keyword
Pioneer settlement, Scandinavia, lithic technology, use-wear, quartz, diversification, technological organization
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-263561 (URN)10.1016/j.quaint.2015.10.062 (DOI)000390534400005 ()
Available from: 2015-10-02 Created: 2015-10-02 Last updated: 2017-08-08Bibliographically approved
Manninen, M. & Knutsson, K. (2014). Lithic raw material diversification as an adaptive strategy: Technology, mobility, and site structure in Late Mesolithic northernmost Europe. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 33, 84-98
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lithic raw material diversification as an adaptive strategy: Technology, mobility, and site structure in Late Mesolithic northernmost Europe
2014 (English)In: Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, ISSN 0278-4165, E-ISSN 1090-2686, Vol. 33, p. 84-98Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [fi]

Formal technologies and intensified reduction are often seen as responses to increased mobility and low abundance of lithic raw material of good flakeability and controllability. Although patterns of lithic raw material availability and occurrence are in many ways analogous to those of subsistence resources, resource diversification, an adaptive strategy commonly discussed in relation to food procurement, is rarely discussed in connection to changes in lithic resource availability and technology. We present a case from northernmost Europe in which pronounced differences in raw material availability caused by a distinct geological setting existed within a relatively small area. We conclude that restricted availability of high-quality raw material due, for instance, to increased mobility or changes in the size or location of the foraging range does not necessarily lead to formalization and intensification and can, in certain situations, as in the studied case, lead to the application of an adaptive strategy that can be called raw material diversification. This strategy entails a widening of the raw material base to include raw materials of lower workability and a consequent alteration of existing technological concepts, often in the form of simplification and informalization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014
Keyword
Lithic technology, mobility, site structure, diversification, intensification, adaptation, technological organization, lithic raw material properties, Fennoscandia, quartz
National Category
Humanities
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-188615 (URN)10.1016/j.jaa.2013.12.001 (DOI)000331496300005 ()
Available from: 2012-12-18 Created: 2012-12-18 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Sørensen, M., Rankama, T., Kankaanpää, J., Knutsson, K., Knutsson, H., Melvold, S., . . . Glørstad, H. (2013). The first eastern migrations of people and knowledge into Scandinavia: evidence from studies of Mesolithic technology, 9th-8th millennium BC. Norwegian Archaeological Review, 46(1), 19-56
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The first eastern migrations of people and knowledge into Scandinavia: evidence from studies of Mesolithic technology, 9th-8th millennium BC
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2013 (English)In: Norwegian Archaeological Review, ISSN 0029-3652, E-ISSN 1502-7678, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 19-56Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper a team of Scandinavian researchers identifies and describes a Mesolithic technological concept, referred to as the conical core pressure blade' concept, and investigates how this concept spread intoFennoscandia and across Scandinavia. Using lithic technological, contextual archaeological and radiocarbon analyses, it is demonstrated that this blade concept arrived with post-Swiderian' hunter-gatherer groups from the Russian plain into northern Fennoscandia and the eastern Baltic during the 9th millennium bc. From there it was spread by migrating people and/or as transmitted knowledge through culture contacts into interior central Sweden, Norway and down along the Norwegian coast. However it was also spread intosouthern Scandinavia, where it was formerly identified as the Maglemosian technogroup 3 (or the Svaerdborg phase'). In this paper it is argued that theidentification and spread of the conical core pressure blade concept representsthe first migration of people, technology and ideas into Scandinavia from thesouth-eastern Baltic region and the Russian plain.

National Category
Humanities
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-188616 (URN)10.1080/00293652.2013.770416 (DOI)000320018500002 ()
Projects
Pioneer settlement, scandinavia, pressure-blade technology, chaine operatoire
Available from: 2012-12-18 Created: 2012-12-18 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Knutsson, K. & Knutsson, H. (2012). Pressure and punched blades in non-flint materials.: Chaine Opératoire analysis of Middle Mesolithic Blade Assemblages from Central Sweden. In: Pablo Arias (Ed.), Proceedings of the Eight Conference of the Mesolithic in Europe, Santander, Spain 14-18 september 2010.. Paper presented at The Mesolithic in Europe. Santander
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pressure and punched blades in non-flint materials.: Chaine Opératoire analysis of Middle Mesolithic Blade Assemblages from Central Sweden
2012 (English)In: Proceedings of the Eight Conference of the Mesolithic in Europe, Santander, Spain 14-18 september 2010. / [ed] Pablo Arias, Santander, 2012Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper a Chaine Operatoire analysis of previously only preliminary discussed blade assemblages from Central Sweden is presented. The material derive mainly from a collection of stray finds in Dalecarlia and Hä'rjedalen, Central Sweden and consists of blade cores, blades and debitage in local raw materials such as tuff, metamorphous tuff, jasper, quartzite and porphyry. Three, possibly four different core treatment practices are defined and preliminary comparative analysis shows that the material has strong resemblances to Middle mesolithic blade assemblages from southern Norway, western Sweden and with Preboreal finds from northern Finland. It is hypothesised that a major part of the blade assemblage resepresents adaption to local raw materials as the first flint using pioneers settled this area as the Weichselian ice retreated during the Preboreal and early Boreal 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Santander: , 2012
Keyword
Chaine Operatoire, Middle Mesolithic, Lithic analysis, Blades
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-162239 (URN)
Conference
The Mesolithic in Europe
Available from: 2011-11-28 Created: 2011-11-28 Last updated: 2013-04-02
Knutsson, K. & Knutsson, H. (2012). The postglacial colonization of humans, fauna and plants in northern Sweden. Arkeologi i Norr, 13, 004618 461003
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The postglacial colonization of humans, fauna and plants in northern Sweden
2012 (English)In: Arkeologi i Norr, ISSN 0284-558x, Vol. 13, p. 004618 461003-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents a re-evaluation of the pioneer settlement of Scandinavia following the melting of the Weichselian ice sheet during the late Glacial/Preboreal. The preliminary results of the swedish part of an inter-Nordic research project are presented focussiong on analyses of previously only preliminary discussed assemblages from central Sweden. A preliminary comparative analysis showws that the material has resemblances to Middle Mesolithic blade assemblages from southern Norway and western Sweden and thus represents the first pioneers settling this area during the Preboreal and early Boreal.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Institutionen för idé och samhällsstudier vid Umeå Universitet, 2012
Keyword
Pioneer settlement, northern Sweden
National Category
Humanities
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-159690 (URN)
Projects
Archaeological contributions to cultural analysis
Available from: 2011-10-06 Created: 2011-10-06 Last updated: 2013-07-24Bibliographically approved
Knutsson, K. & Knutsson, H. (2011). Chaine Operatoire analys av utvalda artefakter från Knöklegård, Porsgrunn kommune, Telemark fylke: En undersökning av tillverkning och användning. In: Jaksland Lasse (Ed.), E18 Brunlanesprojektet: Lokalitetsbeskrivelser. Tidigmesolitikum og senere perioder. Oslo: Kulturhistorisk museum, Fornminnessektionen, Universitetet i Oslo
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Chaine Operatoire analys av utvalda artefakter från Knöklegård, Porsgrunn kommune, Telemark fylke: En undersökning av tillverkning och användning
2011 (Swedish)In: E18 Brunlanesprojektet: Lokalitetsbeskrivelser. Tidigmesolitikum og senere perioder / [ed] Jaksland Lasse, Oslo: Kulturhistorisk museum, Fornminnessektionen, Universitetet i Oslo , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

In  the paper a Chaine Operatoire analysis of points from the late Neolithic site Nöklegård in southern Norway is presented. It is concluded that the points have been used as scrapers and reamers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Kulturhistorisk museum, Fornminnessektionen, Universitetet i Oslo, 2011
Series
Varia ; 81
Keyword
Chaine Operatoire analyser, use-wear, lihic analysis, late neolithic
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-136764 (URN)
Available from: 2010-12-14 Created: 2010-12-14 Last updated: 2013-03-13
Knutsson, K. & Knutsson, H. (2011). Chaine Operatoire analys av utvalda flintartefakter från pauler 1 och 6, Larvik kommune, Vestfold fylke: Enn undersökning av tillverkning och användning. In: Jaksland, Lasse (Ed.), E18 Brunlanesprojektet. Oslo: Kulturhistorisk museum, fornminnessektionen, universitetet i Oslo
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Chaine Operatoire analys av utvalda flintartefakter från pauler 1 och 6, Larvik kommune, Vestfold fylke: Enn undersökning av tillverkning och användning
2011 (Swedish)In: E18 Brunlanesprojektet / [ed] Jaksland, Lasse, Oslo: Kulturhistorisk museum, fornminnessektionen, universitetet i Oslo , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

The paper is the presentation od functional and technological analyses of Early mesolithic points from the Pauler site in southern Norway

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Kulturhistorisk museum, fornminnessektionen, universitetet i Oslo, 2011
Series
Varia ; 79
Keyword
Chaine Operatiore analyser, Högnipenspisser
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-136759 (URN)
Available from: 2010-12-14 Created: 2010-12-14 Last updated: 2013-03-13
Knutsson, K., Knutssson, H., Guinard, M., Holmgren, L. & Klamke, D. (2010). Proffs och amatörer i Torsåker. Populär arkeologi, 28(4)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Proffs och amatörer i Torsåker
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2010 (Swedish)In: Populär arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014X, Vol. 28, no 4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

I artikeln presenteras pågående grävningar på mellan- och senmesolitiska fyndlokaler i Torsåker i Gästrikland. Här tas även upp det inter nordiska vetenskapliga nätverk Nordic BladeTechnology Network till vilket forskarguppen är ansluten.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lärbro: , 2010
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-136771 (URN)
Available from: 2010-12-14 Created: 2010-12-14 Last updated: 2013-04-12Bibliographically approved
Knutsson, K. & Knutsson, H. (2009). Cognitive tool categories in prehistoric quartz assemblages: The analysis of fracture patterns and use wear in a case study of Stone Age sites from Eastern Central Sweden.. In: Pavel Kouřil, Rostislav Nekuda & Vladimír Hašek (Ed.), Ve službách archeologie: sbornik k 60. narozeninám Vladimíra Haška (pp. 10--25). Brno, 1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cognitive tool categories in prehistoric quartz assemblages: The analysis of fracture patterns and use wear in a case study of Stone Age sites from Eastern Central Sweden.
2009 (English)In: Ve službách archeologie: sbornik k 60. narozeninám Vladimíra Haška / [ed] Pavel Kouřil, Rostislav Nekuda & Vladimír Hašek, Brno, 2009, Vol. 1, p. 10--25Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper presents a possible strategy for the identification of prehistoric cognitive quartz tool categories among flakes and flake fragments found on Stone Age sites. Use-wear and fracture pattern analysis of 543 artefacts from 21 Mesolithic and Neolithic Stone age sites in Eastern Central Sweden form the basis of the discussion. It is initially assumed that the type of fractures and formal qualities of flakes are decisive regarding which pieces were selected for use. It could be concluded that most tools are unmodified flakes and that as much as 50% of the total flaked, but unmodified assemblage on some of the sites, have been used as tools. A range of uses to which these tools had been put could thus be interpreted. Another important result of this study is that the initially hypothesised relationship between certain types of fractures and specific use was refuted. Flake and flake fragments are most likely, and not surprisingly, used for different purposes based on edge qualities, rather than on formal qualities of the flake or flake fragment. Distinct cognitive categories seem to be present as certain types continuously show up among the flakes with use-wear in the investigated assemblages.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Brno: , 2009
Series
Spisy archeologického ústav AV ČR v Brně, ISSN 99-2369122-5 ; 10
Keyword
Quartz, lithic analysis, use-wear analysis, cognitive tool categories
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-113693 (URN)80-86023-13-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2010-02-02 Created: 2010-02-02 Last updated: 2011-03-02Bibliographically approved
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