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Sollenberg, Margareta
Publications (10 of 56) Show all publications
Fjelde, H., Hultman, L., Schubiger, L., Hug, S., Cederman, L.-E. & Sollenberg, M. (2021). Introducing the Ethnic One-Sided Violence Dataset. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 38(1), 109-126
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introducing the Ethnic One-Sided Violence Dataset
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2021 (English)In: Conflict Management and Peace Science, ISSN 0738-8942, E-ISSN 1549-9219, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 109-126Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article introduces the Ethnic One-Sided Violence dataset (EOSV) that provides information on the ethnic identity of civilian victims of direct and deliberate killings by state and non-state actors from 1989 to 2013. The EOSV dataset disaggregates the civilian victims in the one-sided violence dataset from the Uppsala Conflict Data Program by identifying which ethnic group they belong to, using the list of politically relevant ethnic groups from the Ethnic Power Relations data. By providing information on the ethnic targets of violence, EOSV enables researchers to explore new questions about the logic and dynamics of violence against civilians.

Keywords
Conflict data, ethnicity, one-sided violence, violence against civilians
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-400472 (URN)10.1177/0738894219863256 (DOI)000488447100001 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, E0136501
Available from: 2019-12-20 Created: 2019-12-20 Last updated: 2021-03-25Bibliographically approved
Pettersson, T., Davies, S., Deniz, A., Engström, G., Hawach, N., Högbladh, S., . . . Öberg, M. (2021). Organized violence 1989-2020, with a special emphasis on Syria. Journal of Peace Research, 58(4), 809-825, Article ID 00223433211026126.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organized violence 1989-2020, with a special emphasis on Syria
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2021 (English)In: Journal of Peace Research, ISSN 0022-3433, E-ISSN 1460-3578, Vol. 58, no 4, p. 809-825, article id 00223433211026126Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article reports on trends in organized violence, building on new data by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP). The falling trend in fatalities stemming from organized violence in the world, observed for five consecutive years, broke upwards in 2020 and deaths in organized violence seem to have settled on a high plateau. UCDP registered more than 80,100 deaths in organized violence in 2020, compared to 76,300 in 2019. The decrease in violence in Afghanistan and Syria was countered by escalating conflicts in, for example, Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh), Azerbaijan and Tigray, Ethiopia. Moreover, the call for a global ceasefire following the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic failed to produce any results. In fact, the number of active state-based and non-state conflicts, as well as the number of actors carrying out one-sided violence against civilians, increased when compared to 2019. UCDP noted a record-high number of 56 state-based conflicts in 2020, including eight wars. Most of the conflicts occurred in Africa, as the region registered 30 state-based conflicts, including nine new or restarted ones.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage PublicationsSAGE Publications, 2021
Keywords
armed conflict, conflict data, non-state conflict, one-sided violence, Syria, war
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-451417 (URN)10.1177/00223433211026126 (DOI)000671413200001 ()
Available from: 2021-09-07 Created: 2021-09-07 Last updated: 2024-01-15Bibliographically approved
Sollenberg, M. & Melander, E. (2017). Patterns of organized violence, 2007-€“16. In: SIPRI Yearbook 2017: . Oxford: Oxford University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patterns of organized violence, 2007-€“16
2017 (English)In: SIPRI Yearbook 2017, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-337602 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-02 Created: 2018-01-02 Last updated: 2018-01-24Bibliographically approved
Sollenberg, M. (2017). Profiles of Active Armed Conflicts 2015. In: David Backer, Ravinder Bhavnani, Paul Huth (Ed.), Peace and Conflict 2017: . New York, NY: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Profiles of Active Armed Conflicts 2015
2017 (English)In: Peace and Conflict 2017 / [ed] David Backer, Ravinder Bhavnani, Paul Huth, New York, NY: Routledge, 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, NY: Routledge, 2017
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338233 (URN)978-1-857-43912-0 (ISBN)978-1-351-21166-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-01-08 Created: 2018-01-08 Last updated: 2018-01-25Bibliographically approved
Sollenberg, M. (2016). Active Armed Conflicts in 2014. In: David A. Backer, Ravi Bhavnani, Paul K. Huth. (Ed.), Peace and Conflict 2016: . New York, NY: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Active Armed Conflicts in 2014
2016 (English)In: Peace and Conflict 2016 / [ed] David A. Backer, Ravi Bhavnani, Paul K. Huth., New York, NY: Routledge, 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This chapter summarizes the origins and evolution of armed conflicts that were active in 2014, as recorded by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP). Descriptive profiles are provided of active armed conflicts that reached the level of war either in 2014 or in one or more previous years.1 War is defined as those armed conflicts that have resulted in at least 1,000 battle-related deaths in a calendar year. This chapter is compiled based on information included in the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia, as well as various UCDP datasets (www.ucdp.uu.se). The details about armed conflict activity in 2014 also draw on the most recent publications about the UCDP data (Pettersson and Wallensteen 2015; Melander 2015).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, NY: Routledge, 2016
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338229 (URN)978-1-85743-843-7 (ISBN)9781315625614 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-01-08 Created: 2018-01-08 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Höglund, K., Melander, E., Sollenberg, M. & Sundberg, R. (2016). Armed Conflict and Space: Exploring Urban–Rural Patterns of Violence. In: Björkdahl, Annika and Susanne Buckley-Zistel (Ed.), Spatialising Peace and Conflict: Mapping the Production of Places, Sites and Scales of Violence: . Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Armed Conflict and Space: Exploring Urban–Rural Patterns of Violence
2016 (English)In: Spatialising Peace and Conflict: Mapping the Production of Places, Sites and Scales of Violence / [ed] Björkdahl, Annika and Susanne Buckley-Zistel, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016
Keywords
violence, armed conflict, rural, urban, space
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-281930 (URN)
Available from: 2016-03-31 Created: 2016-03-31 Last updated: 2017-06-13
Wallensteen, P. & Sollenberg, M. (2015). Patterns Of Organized Violence, 2004-13,. In: Sipri Yearbook 2015: Armaments, Disarmament And International Security,: (pp. 122-146). London: Oxford University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patterns Of Organized Violence, 2004-13,
2015 (English)In: Sipri Yearbook 2015: Armaments, Disarmament And International Security,, London: Oxford University Press, 2015, p. 122-146Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Oxford University Press, 2015
Keywords
Violence, One-sided violence, conflict, peace
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-270537 (URN)
Available from: 2015-12-30 Created: 2015-12-30 Last updated: 2016-04-29
Allansson, M., Sollenberg, M. & Themnér, L. (2013). Armed conflict in the wake of the Arab Spring. In: SIPRI Yearbook: armaments, disarmament and international security. 2013. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Armed conflict in the wake of the Arab Spring
2013 (English)In: SIPRI Yearbook: armaments, disarmament and international security. 2013, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013
Series
SIPRI Yearbook: armaments, disarmament and international security, ISSN 0953-0282
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-213127 (URN)9780199678433 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-12-18 Created: 2013-12-18 Last updated: 2019-02-18Bibliographically approved
Sollenberg, M. (2012). A Scramble for Rents: Foreign Aid and Armed Conflict. (Doctoral dissertation). Uppsala: Department of Peace and Conflict Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Scramble for Rents: Foreign Aid and Armed Conflict
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Previous research has not specified the circumstances under which foreign aid may increase the probability of armed conflict. The purpose of this dissertation is to address this gap by employing a theoretical framework in which foreign aid produces incentives for a rent-seeking scramble among elites. A set of conditions affecting the likelihood of armed conflict are identified and tested on global data in a series of statistical analyses. Paper I argues and finds that foreign aid increases the probability of armed conflict in states where there are few constraints on executive power, allowing for a scramble for rents. Paper II proposes and finds a threshold effect of aid, such that the likelihood of armed conflict increases only when aid has reached a certain level. Paper III suggests and demonstrates that sudden negative changes in aid flows enhance the risk of armed conflict as well as coup attempts, as aid shortfalls accelerate distributional conflict over aid rents. Paper IV claims and shows that civil wars are less likely to be terminated by settlement in the form of elections when conflict parties are dependent on rents. In sum, this dissertation contributes by theoretically specifying and empirically identifying conditions under which foreign aid increases the probability of armed conflict.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Department of Peace and Conflict Research, 2012. p. 40
Series
Report / Department of Peace and Conflict Research, ISSN 0566-8808 ; 95
Keywords
armed conflict, civil conflict, civil war, coup d'etat, foreign aid, rents, institutions, aid dependence, aid shocks
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-171720 (URN)978-91-506-2277-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-05-12, Sal IV, Universitetshuset, Biskopsgatan 3, Uppsala, 12:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-04-20 Created: 2012-03-26 Last updated: 2012-05-03Bibliographically approved
Öberg, M. & Sollenberg, M. (2011). Gathering conflict information using news resources. In: Kristine Höglund and Magnus Öberg (Ed.), Understanding peace research: methods and challenges (pp. 47-73). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gathering conflict information using news resources
2011 (English)In: Understanding peace research: methods and challenges / [ed] Kristine Höglund and Magnus Öberg, London: Routledge, 2011, p. 47-73Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Every minute of every day, hundreds if not thousands of journalists around the world are working to collect and disseminate information on matters related to armed conflicts. Journalists provide ‘a first rough draft of history that will never really be completed about a world we can never really understand.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2011
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-148029 (URN)9780415571975 (ISBN)9780203828557 (ISBN)
Available from: 2011-03-01 Created: 2011-03-01 Last updated: 2019-12-11Bibliographically approved
Projects
Armed Conflict in the European Space; Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research; Publications
Wallensteen, P. & Möller, F. (2003). Conflict Prevention: Methodology for Knowing the Unknown. Uppsala UniversityEriksson, M., Höglund, K., Johansson, P., Nilsson, D., Sollenberg, M. & Wallensteen, P. (2001). States in Armed Conflict 2000. Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, Uppsala
​Governance, Democratization, and Civil War; Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research; Publications
Sollenberg, M. (2008). From Bullets to Ballots: Using the People as Arbitrators to Settle Civil Wars. In: Governance, Resources and Civil Conflict: . Routledge, OxfordÖberg, M. & Strøm, K. (2008). Introduction. In: Resources, governance and civil conflict: . Oxford: RoutledgeSollenberg, M. (2005). From Bullets to Ballots: Using the People as Arbitrators to Settle Civil Wars. In: : . Öberg, M. & Melander, E. (2005). Quality of Government and Civil War. In: : . Paper presented at The conference on the Quality of Government Conference: What It Is, How to Get It, Why It Matters, November 17-19, 2005, Göteborg.
Conflict and Democracy Program; Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict ResearchPatrimonialism, Globalisation and Civil Conflict; Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict ResearchProgramme on Governance, Conflict and Peacebuilding; Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research; Publications
Nilsson, D. (2012). Anchoring the Peace: Civil Society Actors in Peace Accords and Durable Peace. International Interactions, 38(2), 243-266Ohlson, T. (Ed.). (2012). From Intra-State War to Durable Peace: Conflict and Its Resolution in Africa after the Cold War. Dordrecht: Republic of Letters PublishingNilsson, D. & Söderberg Kovacs, M. (2011). Revisiting an Elusive Concept: A Review of the Debate on Spoilers in Peace Processes. International Studies Review, 13(4), 606-626Lindgren, M. (2011). Sexual Violence Beyond Conflict Termination: Impunity for Past Violations as a Recipe for New Ones?. Durban, South Africa: ACCORD (15)Höglund, K. & Jarstad, A. K. (2011). Toward Electoral Security: Experiences from KwaZulu-Natal. Africa Spectrum, 46(1), 33-59Themnér, A. (2011). Violence in Post-Conflict Societies: Remarginalization, Remobilizers and Relationships. Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon: RoutledgeNilsson, D. (2010). Agreements and Sustainability. In: Nigel J. Young (Ed.), The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace: Volume I (pp. 30-32). New York: Oxford University PressHöglund, K. & Söderberg Kovacs, M. (2010). Beyond the Absence of War: The Diversity of Peace in Post-Settlement Societies. Review of International Studies, 36(2), 367-390Höglund, K. & Jarstad, A. K. (2010). Strategies to Prevent and Manage Electoral Violence: Considerations for Policy. Durban: ACCORDNilsson, D. (2010). Turning Weakness into Strength: Military Capabilities, Multiple Rebel Groups and Negotiated Settlements. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 27(3), 253-271
Threatening Ties: Understanding wartime civilian targeting along ethnic lines [2014-01365_VR]; Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research; Publications
Fjelde, H., Hultman, L., Sollenberg, M. & Sundberg, R. (2018). Spatial Patterns of Violence against Civilians. In: Backer, David A., Ravi Bhavnani, & Paul K. Huth (Ed.), Peace and Conflict 2017: . New York, NY: RoutledgeFjelde, H., Hultman, L. & Sollenberg, M. (2016). Violence against Civilians in Civil War. In: David A. Backer, Ravi Bhavnani, and Paul K. HUth (Ed.), Peace and Conflict 2016: (pp. 42-49). RoutledgeFjelde, H. & Hultman, L. (2014). Weakening the Enemy: A Disaggregated Study of Violence against Civilians in Africa. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 58(7), 1230-1257
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