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Heimer, Gun
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Publications (10 of 55) Show all publications
Ahnlund, P., Andersson, T., Snellman, F., Sundström, M. & Heimer, G. (2020). Prevalence and Correlates of Sexual, Physical, and Psychological Violence Against Women and Men of 60 to 74 Years in Sweden. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 35(5-6), 1539-1561
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Prevalence and Correlates of Sexual, Physical, and Psychological Violence Against Women and Men of 60 to 74 Years in Sweden
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2020 (English)In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, ISSN 0886-2605, E-ISSN 1552-6518, Vol. 35, no 5-6, p. 1539-1561Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Past-year sexual, physical, and psychological violence against women and men aged 60 to 74 years was studied. The data derived from a nationally representative survey on violence in which approximately 2,800 women and men aged 60 to 74 years in Sweden participated. Women were significantly more likely to have been subjected to at least one form of violence in the past year. The prevalence of sexual violence as well as systematic and repeated psychological violence was found to be significantly higher for women than for men. Sexual violence was the most common form of violence against women. Systematic and repeated psychological violence was the most common form of violence against men. Additional gender differences were found in relation to victim characteristics. While associations among women were found between violence victimization and sociodemographic characteristics, health as well as social capital, only health-related characteristics were found to be associated with past-year violence victimization among men. Among women, economic problems, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, lack of trust in other people, and not having anyone to talk to were associated with violence victimization. Poor psychological health and an at-risk consumption of alcohol were found to be associated with violence victimization among men. The results highlight the importance of research on violence victimization to assess gender differences also when inquiring into the situation among persons in older generations. The results also indicate practical implications for caring professions; the need to inquire into the experiences of violence among older persons and to pay particular attention to these characteristics when encountering women and men in this age interval.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC, 2020
Keywords
violence exposure, elder abuse, mental health and violence
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-406498 (URN)10.1177/0886260517696874 (DOI)000511483000023 ()29294678 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2020-03-11 Created: 2020-03-11 Last updated: 2020-03-11Bibliographically approved
Öberg, M., Skalkidou, A. & Heimer, G. (2019). Experiences of sexual violence among women seeking services at a family planning unit in Sweden. Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences, 124(2), 135-139
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experiences of sexual violence among women seeking services at a family planning unit in Sweden
2019 (English)In: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences, ISSN 0300-9734, E-ISSN 2000-1967, Vol. 124, no 2, p. 135-139Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Experiences of sexual violence among women can lead to ill health and increase the risk of lifetime co-occurrence of violence. Identifying risk factors and victims facilitates development of effective programmes for treatment and prevention of additional violence. The primary aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and correlates of sexual violence experiences among women seeking care at a family planning unit in Sweden. A secondary aim was to examine associations between sexual violence and other types of violence.Methods: Women (n=1226) seeking services at a family planning unit, Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden, answered a questionnaire and were interviewed about experiences of sexual violence. Bivariate associations were examined using the chi-square test.Results: Experiences of sexual violence were reported by 27% of the participants, of which 57% were exposed when they were younger than 18 years old. Women with experiences of sexual violence were more likely to have lower education (P=0.024), were students or without occupation (P=0.037), and were not in a current relationship (P<0.001). Women with experiences of non-partner sexual violence were more likely to have experiences of intimate partner violence (P<0.001).Conclusion: Prevalence of sexual violence was high among the respondents. Many women were young when they were exposed to violence, and lifetime co-occurrence of violence was common among women with experiences of non-partner sexual violence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2019
Keywords
Intimate partner violence, polyvictimization, psychological violence, physical violence, revictimization, sexual violence
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-398724 (URN)10.1080/03009734.2019.1604587 (DOI)000471416100001 ()31081728 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-12-10 Created: 2019-12-10 Last updated: 2019-12-10Bibliographically approved
Berglund, A. & Heimer, G. (2016). Att ha varit utsatt för våld ökar risken för ohälsa senare i livet: Kunskap om våldets förekomst och konsekvenser behövs i hela vården – anamnesen bör innefatta fråga om våld. Läkartidningen, 113
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att ha varit utsatt för våld ökar risken för ohälsa senare i livet: Kunskap om våldets förekomst och konsekvenser behövs i hela vården – anamnesen bör innefatta fråga om våld
2016 (Swedish)In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 113Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Violence is a common problem in society worldwide, and recent research has shown links to various signs of ill-health among victims. In a Swedish population based study, 46 per cent of women and 38 per cent of men had, at some point, been subjected to severe sexual, physical or emotional violence. The respondents were also asked about their present health. The study showed a significant over-representation of respondents subjected to serious violence in all ill-health indicators (PTSD, depression, psychosomatic symptoms, self-harm behaviour, risky alcohol intake, low self-rated physical health and heart attacks in the older age group). Several other Swedish studies have addressed abuse and future health. In a study among young people attending youth clinics the last year prevalence of sexual, physical and emotional violence was high, as expected. Young women were to a higher extent than young men exposed to sexual (14 and 4 per cent, respectively) and emotional violence (33 and 18 per cent respectively) and young men more to physical violence than young women (27 and 18 per cent respectively). Those who had been exposed to more than two types of violence were significantly more likely to resort to self-harm behaviour and suicide ideation and rated their psychological wellbeing lower than others. In one study the violence victimization and self-reported physical and mental ill-health among young women belonging to a sexual minority and heterosexual young women was assessed. Being subjected to two or more types of violence was significantly more frequent among the minority women compared to heterosexual women. However all victimized women had significantly higher risk for ill-health in all outcomes (PTSD, sleeping difficulties, and recurrent bowel problems). The impact of being subjected to more than one type of violence has been shown to be even more strongly linked to mental ill-health also in adult patients. Hence, research supports that violence victimisation is associated with various symptoms and conditions for which people seek medical care. Therefore questions about violence victimization should routinely be included in the medical history.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-278537 (URN)
Available from: 2016-02-24 Created: 2016-02-24 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Öberg, M., Skalkidou, A. & Heimer, G. (2015). Family Planning Units: suitable settings for disclosure of experience of sexual violence. BMC Women's Health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Family Planning Units: suitable settings for disclosure of experience of sexual violence
2015 (English)In: BMC Women's Health, ISSN 1472-6874, E-ISSN 1472-6874Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-278536 (URN)
Available from: 2016-02-24 Created: 2016-02-24 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Heimer, G. & Egardt, P. (2015). Långt kvar till målet att avskaffa mäns våld mot kvinnor. Uppsala Nya Tidning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Långt kvar till målet att avskaffa mäns våld mot kvinnor
2015 (Swedish)In: Uppsala Nya TidningArticle in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-279339 (URN)
Available from: 2016-02-29 Created: 2016-02-29 Last updated: 2016-02-29
Ahnlund, P., Andersson, T., Snellman, F., Sundström, M. & Heimer, G. (2015). Prevalence and correlates of sexual, physical and psychological violence against women and men 60-74 years in Sweden. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Prevalence and correlates of sexual, physical and psychological violence against women and men 60-74 years in Sweden
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2015 (English)In: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, ISSN 0894-6566, E-ISSN 1540-4129Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-278538 (URN)
Available from: 2016-02-24 Created: 2016-02-24 Last updated: 2017-11-30
Heimer, G. & Witkowski, Å. (2015). Redovisning av regeringsuppdraget att utveckla den nationella stödtelefonen Kvinnofridslinjen (U2011/3939/JÄM). Uppsala: Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Redovisning av regeringsuppdraget att utveckla den nationella stödtelefonen Kvinnofridslinjen (U2011/3939/JÄM)
2015 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2015. p. 43
Series
NCK-rapport
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-276322 (URN)978-91-978448-8-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-02-11 Created: 2016-02-11 Last updated: 2016-02-11
Andersson, T., Heimer, G. & Lucas, S. (2015). Violence and health in Sweden: A National Prevalence Study on Exposure to Violence among Women and Men and its Association to Health. Uppsala: Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Violence and health in Sweden: A National Prevalence Study on Exposure to Violence among Women and Men and its Association to Health
2015 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2015. p. 95
Series
NCK-rapport, ISSN 1654-7195 ; 1
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-276324 (URN)
Available from: 2016-02-11 Created: 2016-02-11 Last updated: 2016-02-11
Witkowski, Å. & Heimer, G. (2014). En stödtelefon som alltid är öppen: Kvinnofridslinjen 2009-2012. Uppsala: Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>En stödtelefon som alltid är öppen: Kvinnofridslinjen 2009-2012
2014 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2014. p. 36
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-291322 (URN)978-91-978448-7-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-05-01 Created: 2016-05-01 Last updated: 2016-05-01
Heimer, G. & Berglund, A. (2014). Kunskap om våld borde vara en självklarhet. Uppsala Nya Tidning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kunskap om våld borde vara en självklarhet
2014 (Swedish)In: Uppsala Nya TidningArticle in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-279337 (URN)
Available from: 2016-02-29 Created: 2016-02-29 Last updated: 2016-02-29
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