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Håstad, Olle
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Publications (9 of 9) Show all publications
Ödeen, A., Pruett-Jones, S., Driskell, A. C., Armenta, J. K. & Håstad, O. (2012). Multiple shifts between violet and ultraviolet vision in a family of passerine birds with associated changes in plumage coloration. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, 279(1732), 1269-1276
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multiple shifts between violet and ultraviolet vision in a family of passerine birds with associated changes in plumage coloration
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2012 (English)In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8452, E-ISSN 1471-2954, Vol. 279, no 1732, p. 1269-1276Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Colour vision in diurnal birds falls into two discrete classes, signified by the spectral sensitivity of the violet- (VS) or ultraviolet-sensitive (UVS) short wavelength-sensitive type 1 (SWS1) single cone. Shifts between sensitivity classes are rare; three or four are believed to have happened in the course of avian evolution, one forming UVS higher passerines. Such shifts probably affect the expression of shortwave-dominated plumage signals. We have used genomic DNA sequencing to determine VS or UVS affinity in fairy-wrens and allies, Maluridae, a large passerine family basal to the known UVS taxa. We have also spectrophotometrically analysed male plumage coloration as perceived by the VS and UVS vision systems. Contrary to any other investigated avian genus, Malurus (fairy-wrens) contains species with amino acid residues typical of either VS or UVS cone opsins. Three bowerbird species (Ptilonorhynchidae) sequenced for outgroup comparison carry VS opsin genes. Phylogenetic reconstructions render one UVS gain followed by one or more losses as the most plausible evolutionary scenario. The evolution of avian ultraviolet sensitivity is hence more complex, as a single shift no longer explains its distribution in Passeriformes. Character correlation analysis proposes that UVS vision is associated with shortwave-reflecting plumage, which is widespread in Maluridae.

Keywords
UV vision, SWS1 opsin sequencing, plumage spectrophotometry, Maluridae, Malurus, fairy-wren
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-172021 (URN)10.1098/rspb.2011.1777 (DOI)000300822400003 ()
Available from: 2012-04-02 Created: 2012-04-01 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Ödeen, A., Håstad, O. & Alström, P. (2010). Evolution of ultraviolet vision in shorebirds (Charadriiformes). Biology Letters, 6(3), 370-374
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evolution of ultraviolet vision in shorebirds (Charadriiformes)
2010 (English)In: Biology Letters, ISSN 1744-9561, E-ISSN 1744-957X, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 370-374Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Diurnal birds belong to one of two classes of colour vision. These are distinguished by the maximum absorbance wavelengths of the SWS1 visual pigment sensitive to violet (VS) and ultraviolet (UVS). Shifts between the classes have been rare events during avian evolution. Gulls (Laridae) are the only shorebirds (Charadriiformes) previously reported to have the UVS type of opsin, but too few species have been sampled to infer that gulls are unique among shorebirds or that Laridae is monomorphic for this trait. We have sequenced the SWS1 opsin gene in a broader sample of species. We confirm that cysteine in the key amino acid position 90, characteristic of the UVS class, has been conserved throughout gull evolution but also that the terns Anous minutus, A. tenuirostris and Gygis alba, and the skimmer Rynchops niger carry this trait. Terns, excluding Anous and Gygis, share the VS conferring serine in position 90 with other shorebirds but it is translated from a codon more similar to that found in UVS shorebirds. The most parsimonious interpretation of these findings, based on a molecular gene tree, is a single VS to UVS shift and a subsequent reversal in one lineage.

National Category
Zoology
Research subject
Animal Ecology; Biology with specialization in Animal Ecology; Biology with specialization in Evolutionary Functional Genomics; Biology with specialization in Evolutionary Organismal Biology; Biology with specialization in Comparative Physiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-120014 (URN)10.1098/rsbl.2009.0877 (DOI)000277559000025 ()
Available from: 2010-03-04 Created: 2010-03-04 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Ödeen, A. & Håstad, O. (2010). Pollinating birds differ in spectral sensitivity. Journal of Comparative Physiology A. Sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology, 196(2), 91-96
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pollinating birds differ in spectral sensitivity
2010 (English)In: Journal of Comparative Physiology A. Sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology, ISSN 0340-7594, E-ISSN 1432-1351, Vol. 196, no 2, p. 91-96Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Pollinating animals and their angiosperm hosts often show strong co-adaptation in traits that increase the likelihood of a successful transfer of pollen and nutrient rewards. One such adaptation is the reported colour difference caused by unequal distribution of anthocyanidin pigments amongst plant species visited by hummingbirds and passerines. This phenomenon has been suggested to reflect possible differences in the colour vision of these pollinating birds. The presence of any such difference in colour vision would arguably affect the ecological and evolutionary interactions between flowers and their visitors, accentuating differences in floral displays and attractiveness of plants to the favoured avian pollinators. We have tested for differences in colour vision, as indicated by the amino acid present at certain key positions in the short-wavelength-sensitive type 1 (SWS1) visual pigment opsin, between the major groups of pollinating birds: the non-passerine Trochilidae (hummingbirds), the passerine Meliphagidae (honeyeaters) and Nectariniidae (sunbirds) plus five other Passerida passerine families. The results reveal gross spectral sensitivity differences between hummingbirds and honeyeaters, on the one hand, and the Passerida species, on the other.

National Category
Zoology
Research subject
Biology with specialization in Animal Ecology; Biology with specialization in Evolutionary Functional Genomics; Biology with specialization in Evolutionary Organismal Biology; Biology with specialization in Systematics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-120015 (URN)10.1007/s00359-009-0474-z (DOI)000273853300001 ()
Available from: 2010-03-04 Created: 2010-03-04 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Ödeen, A., Hart, N. S. & Håstad, O. (2009). Assessing the use of genomic DNA as a predictor of the maximum absorbance wavelength of avian SWS1 opsin visual pigments. Journal of Comparative Physiology A. Sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology, 195(2), 167-173
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing the use of genomic DNA as a predictor of the maximum absorbance wavelength of avian SWS1 opsin visual pigments
2009 (English)In: Journal of Comparative Physiology A. Sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology, ISSN 0340-7594, E-ISSN 1432-1351, Vol. 195, no 2, p. 167-173Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recently, in vitro mutation studies have made it possible to predict the wavelengths of maximum absorbance (λmax) of avian UV/violet sensitive visual pigments (SWS1) from the identity of a few key amino acid residues in the opsin gene. Given that the absorbance spectrum of a cone's visual pigment and of its pigmented oil droplet can be predicted from just the λmax, it may become possible to predict the entire spectral sensitivity of a bird using genetic samples from live birds or museum specimens. However, whilst this concept is attractive, it must be validated to assess the reliability of the predictions of λmax from opsin amino acid sequences. In this paper, we have obtained partial sequences covering three of the known spectral tuning sites in the SWS1 opsin and predicted λmax of all bird species for which the spectral absorbance has been measured using microspectrophotometry. Our results validate the use of molecular data from genomic DNA to predict the gross differences in λmax between the violet- and ultraviolet-sensitive subtypes of SWS1 opsin. Additionally, we demonstrate that a bird, the bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus L., can have more than one SWS1 visual pigment in its retina.

Keywords
Colour vision, Microspectrophotometry, MSP, Ultraviolet sensitive, Violet sensitive
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Research subject
Biology with specialization in Comparative Physiology; Biology with specialization in Molecular Biology; Biology with specialization in Evolutionary Functional Genomics; Biology with specialization in Molecular Evolution
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-120020 (URN)10.1007/s00359-008-0395-2 (DOI)000262987200005 ()
Available from: 2010-03-04 Created: 2010-03-04 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Ödeen, A. & Håstad, O. (2009). New Primers for the Avian SWS1 Pigment Opsin Gene Reveal New Amino Acid Configurations in Spectral Sensitivity Tuning Sites. Journal of Heredity, 100(6), 784-789
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New Primers for the Avian SWS1 Pigment Opsin Gene Reveal New Amino Acid Configurations in Spectral Sensitivity Tuning Sites
2009 (English)In: Journal of Heredity, ISSN 0022-1503, E-ISSN 1465-7333, Vol. 100, no 6, p. 784-789Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recently, polymerase chain reaction-based estimates of visual pigment spectral tuning from genomic DNA have offered an alternative to the authoritative but rather slow and complicated retinal microspectrophotometry method. The genomic DNA method involves sequencing a fragment of the short-wavelength sensitive pigment, type 1 (SWS1) opsin gene covering amino acid positions 86, 90, and 93 and has been utilized in a wide range of avian species. Other key tuning sites have been proposed but not sequenced in the genomic DNA-based spectral sensitivity studies. We have designed 5 new primers for sequencing gene fragments of the ultraviolet-/violet-tuned SWS1 opsin gene containing the first, second and third, and sixth and seventh α-helical transmembrane regions and the spectral tuning sites 49, 86, 90, 93, 116, 118 and 298. Testing these primers on various bird species reveals some novel combinations of amino acid residues at the tuning sites. The potential significance of these on spectral tuning is discussed.

Keywords
color vision, sequencing, ultraviolet sensitive, violet sensitive
National Category
Biological Sciences
Research subject
Biology with specialization in Molecular Biology; Biology with specialization in Evolutionary Functional Genomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-120018 (URN)10.1093/jhered/esp060 (DOI)000271817600013 ()
Available from: 2010-03-04 Created: 2010-03-04 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Håstad, O., Partridge, J. & Ödeen, A. (2009). Ultraviolet photopigment sensitivity and ocular media transmittance in gulls, with an evolutionary perspective. Journal of Comparative Physiology A. Sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology, 195(6), 585-590
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ultraviolet photopigment sensitivity and ocular media transmittance in gulls, with an evolutionary perspective
2009 (English)In: Journal of Comparative Physiology A. Sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology, ISSN 0340-7594, E-ISSN 1432-1351, Vol. 195, no 6, p. 585-590Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Gulls (Laridae excluding Sternidae) appear to be the only shorebirds (Charadriiformes) that have a short wavelength sensitive type 1 (SWS1) cone pigment opsin tuned to ultraviolet (UV) instead of violet. However, the apparent UV-sensitivity has only been inferred indirectly, via the interpretation that the presence of cysteine at the key amino acid position 90 in the SWS1 opsin confers UV sensitivity. Unless the cornea and the lens efficiently transmit UV to the retina, gulls might in effect be similar to violet-sensitive birds in spectral sensitivity even if they have an ultraviolet sensitive (UVS) SWS1 visual pigment. We report that the spectral transmission of the cornea and lens of great black-backed Larus marinus and herring gulls L. argentatus allow UV-sensitivity, having a λ value, 344 nm, similar to the ocular media of UV sensitive birds. By molecular sequencing of the second α-helical transmembrane region of the SWS1 opsin gene we could also infer that 15 herring gulls and 16 yellow-legged gulls L. michahellis, all base-pair identical, are genetically UV-sensitive.

Keywords
Larus argentatus, Larus marinus, Larus michahellis, SWS1 opsin gene, Ocular media spectral transmittance
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-120019 (URN)10.1007/s00359-009-0433-8 (DOI)000266584100006 ()
Available from: 2010-03-04 Created: 2010-03-04 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Håstad, O., Victorsson, J. & Ödeen, A. (2005). Differences in color vision make passerines less conspicious in the eyes of their predators. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States, 102, 6391-6394
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Differences in color vision make passerines less conspicious in the eyes of their predators
2005 (English)In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States, Vol. 102, p. 6391-6394Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-77203 (URN)
Available from: 2006-03-13 Created: 2006-03-13 Last updated: 2011-01-11
Hastad, O., Victorsson, J. & Odeen, A. (2005). Differences in color vision make passerines less conspicuous in the eyes of their predators. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102(18), 6391-6394
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Differences in color vision make passerines less conspicuous in the eyes of their predators
2005 (English)In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 102, no 18, p. 6391-6394Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sexual selection often favors brighter and exaggerated traits, which also increase the risk of detection by predators. Signals that are preferentially conspicuous to conspecifics would reduce the predation cost of signaling and, therefore, might facilitate the evolution of stronger sexual and social signals. This selective signaling is possible if predators and prey have differently tuned sensory systems. By using a retinal model to compare reflectance from the plumages of Swedish songbirds to the reflectance of their natural backgrounds, we found their color badges to be significantly more conspicuous to other songbirds (which have a UV-tuned visual system) than to raptors and corvids (which have a violet-tuned system) in both coniferous and deciduous forests, consistent with an adaptive private communication system.

Keywords
plumage reflectance, predation, sexual selection, UV vision
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-70715 (URN)10.1073/pnas.0409228102 (DOI)
Available from: 2005-04-27 Created: 2005-04-27 Last updated: 2017-11-21Bibliographically approved
Håstad, O., Ernstdotter, E. & Ödeen, A. (2005). Ultraviolet vision and foraging in dip and diving birds. Biology Letters, 1, 306-309
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ultraviolet vision and foraging in dip and diving birds
2005 (English)In: Biology Letters, Vol. 1, p. 306-309Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-77200 (URN)
Available from: 2006-03-13 Created: 2006-03-13 Last updated: 2011-01-11
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