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Noreen, Erik
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Publications (10 of 36) Show all publications
Sjöstedt, R. & Noreen, E. (2021). When peace nations go to war: Examining the narrative transformation of Sweden and Norway in Afghanistan. European Journal of International Security, 6(3), 318-337
Open this publication in new window or tab >>When peace nations go to war: Examining the narrative transformation of Sweden and Norway in Afghanistan
2021 (English)In: European Journal of International Security, ISSN 2057-5637, E-ISSN 2057-5645, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 318-337Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

What happens to dominant narratives and settled self-images of so-called peace nations when experiencing actual combat in out-of-area military missions? This question arises when studying the contemporary international engagement of small states that previously have mostly been engaged in peacekeeping with limited mandates and non-use of force restrictions. As today's international missions have altered radically, it is important to analyse narrative friction and transformation in small states with little prior experience of international war-fighting. This article addresses this lacuna by examining two small states and self-proclaimed peace nations - Sweden and Norway - in relation to their engagement in the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), the NATO-led security mission to Afghanistan 2002-14. By examining the interplay and discursive struggle of two narratives - peace nation and military culture - this article finds that these narratives constantly constitute and reconstitute a small state's self-image and the boundaries for acceptable or even required behaviour. With altered principles regarding use of force there is an increased friction between the narratives. By addressing these frictions, the article contributes to the literature on small state international military engagement and develops and refines assumptions regarding the drivers and consequences of small state participation in out-of-area missions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University PressCambridge University Press (CUP), 2021
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-442080 (URN)10.1017/eis.2021.6 (DOI)000671399500004 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2017-01959
Available from: 2021-05-07 Created: 2021-05-07 Last updated: 2024-01-15Bibliographically approved
Noreen, E., Sjöstedt, R. & Ångström, J. (2017). Why small states join big wars: The case of Sweden in Afghanistan 2002–2014. International Relations, 31(2), 145-168
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Why small states join big wars: The case of Sweden in Afghanistan 2002–2014
2017 (English)In: International Relations, ISSN 0047-1178, E-ISSN 1741-2862, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 145-168Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The security behavior of small states has traditionally been explained by different takes of realism, liberalism, or constructivism – focusing on the behavior that aims toward safeguarding sovereignty or engaging in peace policies. The issue of why states with limited military capacities and little or no military alignments or engagements decide to participate in an international mission has received limited attention by previous research. In contrast, this article argues that a three-layered discursive model can make the choices of small states more precisely explained and thereby contribute to an increased understanding of small states’ security behavior beyond threat balancing and interdependence. Analyzing a deviant case of a non-aligned small state, this article explains why Sweden became increasingly involved in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) mission in Afghanistan. By focusing on the domestic political discourses regarding the Swedish involvement in this mission, it is suggested that a narrative shapes public perception of a particular policy and establishes interpretative dominance of how a particular event should be understood. This dominant domestic discourse makes a certain international behavior possible and even impossible to alter once established. In the Swedish case, it is demonstrated that this discourse assumed a ‘catch-all’ ambition, satisfying both domestic and international demands. In general terms, it should thus be emphasized that certain discourses and narratives are required in order to make it possible for a country to participate in a mission such as ISAF and prolong the mission for several years.

Keywords
Afghanistan, international interventions, International Security Assistance Force, small states, Sweden
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-314661 (URN)10.1177/0047117816651125 (DOI)000403204300003 ()
Funder
Swedish Armed Forces
Available from: 2017-02-04 Created: 2017-02-04 Last updated: 2020-07-02Bibliographically approved
Noreen, E. & Ångström, J. (2016). Swedish Strategy and the Afghan Experience: from neutrality to ambiguity. In: Arita Holmberg & Jan Hellenberg (Ed.), The Swedish Presence in Afghanistan: Security and Defence Transformation (pp. 31-54). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish Strategy and the Afghan Experience: from neutrality to ambiguity
2016 (English)In: The Swedish Presence in Afghanistan: Security and Defence Transformation / [ed] Arita Holmberg & Jan Hellenberg, London: Routledge, 2016, p. 31-54Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2016
Keywords
"Swedish Security Policy" "Peacekeeping" " Afghanistan"
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-286409 (URN)978-1-4724-7409-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-04-20 Created: 2016-04-20 Last updated: 2020-07-02
Noreen, E. & Ångström, J. (2015). A Catch-All Strategic Narrative: Target Audiences and Swedish Troop Contribution to ISAF in Afghanistan. In: Beatrice De Graaf, George Dimitriu and Jens Ringsmose (Ed.), Strategic narratives, public opinion and war: winning domestic support for the Afghan War (pp. 282-299). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Catch-All Strategic Narrative: Target Audiences and Swedish Troop Contribution to ISAF in Afghanistan
2015 (English)In: Strategic narratives, public opinion and war: winning domestic support for the Afghan War / [ed] Beatrice De Graaf, George Dimitriu and Jens Ringsmose, London: Routledge, 2015, p. 282-299Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2015
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-248152 (URN)
Available from: 2015-03-28 Created: 2015-03-28 Last updated: 2020-07-02Bibliographically approved
Noreen, E. (2013). Same, same but different. Nordic Experiences of Crisis Management in Afghanistan: Paper presented for ISA annual convention in San Francisco, April 2013. In: : . Paper presented at ISA annual convention in San Francisco, April 2013 (pp. 1-25).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Same, same but different. Nordic Experiences of Crisis Management in Afghanistan: Paper presented for ISA annual convention in San Francisco, April 2013
2013 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-214482 (URN)
Conference
ISA annual convention in San Francisco, April 2013
Available from: 2014-01-08 Created: 2014-01-08 Last updated: 2016-04-20
Noreen, E. (2010). Mikael Blomdahl: The Polititcal Use of Force. Beyond National Security Considerations as a Source of American Foreign Policy, Stockholm Studies in Politics 127. (Stockholm: Stockholm University 2008.) [Review]. Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, 112(3), 301-305
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mikael Blomdahl: The Polititcal Use of Force. Beyond National Security Considerations as a Source of American Foreign Policy, Stockholm Studies in Politics 127. (Stockholm: Stockholm University 2008.)
2010 (Swedish)In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 112, no 3, p. 301-305Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Fahlbeckska Stiftelsen, 2010
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-141762 (URN)
Available from: 2011-01-12 Created: 2011-01-12 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
Noreen, E. (2008). Socializing Baltic Sea states into a security community: Aspects of globalization. In: Douglas W. Blum (Ed.), Russia and globalization: Identity, security, and society in an era of change (pp. 233-259). Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Socializing Baltic Sea states into a security community: Aspects of globalization
2008 (English)In: Russia and globalization: Identity, security, and society in an era of change / [ed] Douglas W. Blum, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press , 2008, p. 233-259Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-16204 (URN)978-0-8018-8842-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2008-05-13 Created: 2009-03-03 Last updated: 2011-10-05Bibliographically approved
Noreen, E. (2007). Threat Images and Socialization: Estonia and Russia in the New Millennium. In: Olav F. Knudsen (Ed.), Security Strategies, Power Disparity and Identity: The Baltic Sea Region (pp. 97-122). Aldershot: Ashgate
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Threat Images and Socialization: Estonia and Russia in the New Millennium
2007 (English)In: Security Strategies, Power Disparity and Identity: The Baltic Sea Region / [ed] Olav F. Knudsen, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007, p. 97-122Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007
Keywords
Security Socialization Baltic states Russia
National Category
Social Sciences Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-286400 (URN)978-0-7546-4920-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-04-20 Created: 2016-04-20 Last updated: 2016-04-20
Noreen, E. & Eriksson, J. (2006). Hotbildsentreprenörens verktygslåda. : Krisberedskapsmyndigheten, Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hotbildsentreprenörens verktygslåda
2006 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Krisberedskapsmyndigheten, Stockholm, 2006
Series
KBM:s Temaserie nr 8
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-20987 (URN)
Available from: 2006-12-14 Created: 2006-12-14
Noreen, E. & Eriksson, J. (2006). Hur man säljer hot: Bakom uppmärksammade hotbilder finns ofta särskilda intressen, och inte nödvändigtvis verklig fara. Axess (8), 6-7
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hur man säljer hot: Bakom uppmärksammade hotbilder finns ofta särskilda intressen, och inte nödvändigtvis verklig fara
2006 (Swedish)In: Axess, ISSN 1651-0941, no 8, p. 6-7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-17998 (URN)
Available from: 2006-11-18 Created: 2006-11-18 Last updated: 2016-04-20
Projects
Threat Politics; Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict ResearchConflict and Democracy Program; Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict ResearchOrganisational culture, norms and modern warfare; Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research; Publications
Noreen, E., Sjöstedt, R. & Ångström, J. (2017). Why small states join big wars: The case of Sweden in Afghanistan 2002–2014. International Relations, 31(2), 145-168Noreen, E. & Ångström, J. (2016). Swedish Strategy and the Afghan Experience: from neutrality to ambiguity. In: Arita Holmberg & Jan Hellenberg (Ed.), The Swedish Presence in Afghanistan: Security and Defence Transformation (pp. 31-54). London: RoutledgeNoreen, E. & Ångström, J. (2015). A Catch-All Strategic Narrative: Target Audiences and Swedish Troop Contribution to ISAF in Afghanistan. In: Beatrice De Graaf, George Dimitriu and Jens Ringsmose (Ed.), Strategic narratives, public opinion and war: winning domestic support for the Afghan War (pp. 282-299). London: RoutledgeÅngström, J. & Honig, J. W. (2012). Regaining Strategy: Small Powers, Strategic Culture, and Escalation in Afghanistan. Journal of Strategic Studies, 35(5), 663-687
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