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Jansson, O., Jansson, J. & Ottosson, J. (2019). Neither sticks nor carrots: Swedish trade union involvement in the European Semester: Case study Sweden. Bryssel: Observatoire social européen
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Neither sticks nor carrots: Swedish trade union involvement in the European Semester: Case study Sweden
2019 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this OSE Research paper is to ascertain to what extent the social partners in Sweden are involved in the different stages of the European Semester: what do they expect (if anything) to gain from this involvement, and do they perceive that they have an influence on the outputs and outcomes of the process? By studying available written documents and conducting interviews with representatives of the trade union confederations, employer organizations and civil servants from the government’s office, we have reconstructed the involvement of the national-level social partners in the European Semester.  The Swedish case is characterized by a strong institutional framework for national social dialogue as well as weak EU pressure to adapt to the European Union’s (EU) Country-specific Recommendations (CSR) or other policy recommendations emanating from the Semester. Sweden is not part of the Eurozone and the economic recovery after the great recession has been comparatively good. In terms of the geographical typology for industrial relations used in the INVOTUNES project, Sweden is one of the ‘Northern countries’, together with Denmark, Finland and Norway. Fundamental components of the Swedish model for industrial relations, together with the high unionisation rate and broad membership, are the strong status of collective agreements, workplace representatives with a mandate to negotiate, as well as the independence of the social partners from central government. The labour market is regulated by a number of principal agreements reached at the central level between employers’ organizations and trade unions. These central agreements regulate aspects including negotiation procedures, dispute procedures and development issues. In contrast to many other countries, there are no state-administered minimum wage levels in Sweden, since the social partners negotiate these key aspects. The political situation in Sweden at the time of writing is characterised by a minority government, composed of the Social Democrats and the Green party, supported by the Liberals and the Centre party (two liberal parties).  The Swedish case illustrates how a strong national social dialogue and low degree of EU pressure mean that, on the one hand, the social partners have moderate to good access to the policy process and possess considerable resources which can be used to impact the European Semester. Regardless, they ultimately have limited incentives to use these tools to influence the outputs and outcomes of the policy process. So far, the outputs from the European Semester have not pushed for concrete reforms in the areas for which the social partners are mainly responsible, thus they have had few reasons to be involved in the process. Moreover, as the national social dialogue functions well, they have no interest in using the Commission to put pressure on the national government. Instead, the social partners wish to raise the awareness of the European Commission and others regarding how industrial relations function in Sweden and how beneficial this model is. The long-term goal of the social partners is to preserve their autonomy and the model of wage formation in Sweden, namely the freedom of the social partners to reach agreements through negotiations. Reaching this goal includes protecting the wage formation model from reforms at European level. Therefore, this study suggests that the social partners monitor the work related to the Semester and take action if the CSRs concern issues that are important to them. So far this has rarely been the case. When the social partners choose to become involved in the Semester, they use insider strategies, i.e. they turn to national rather than European-level actors.  The Swedish government has created formal institutions for ensuring the involvement of the social partners in the Semester work. The partners have meetings with the government regularly during the Semester, while unions and employer organizations together write an annex to the National Reform Programme (NRP). For Sweden, the policy recommendations for meaningful involvement would probably call for a more focused dialogue between local and central levels within the social partner organisations. In trying to strengthen positive incentives for such dialogue, the unions would most likely need to involve the various members more actively than they do today.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bryssel: Observatoire social européen, 2019. p. 29
Series
Ose Paper series, ISSN 1994-2893 ; 42
Keywords
trade union, European semester, social partners, CSR, EU
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Economic History; Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-388721 (URN)
Available from: 2019-07-03 Created: 2019-07-03 Last updated: 2019-07-29Bibliographically approved
Ottosson, J. & Magnusson, L. (2018). Editorial. Economic and Industrial Democracy, 39(2), 193-194
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Editorial
2018 (English)In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 193-194Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Sage Publications, 2018
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-356778 (URN)10.1177/0143831X18773644 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-08-07 Created: 2018-08-07 Last updated: 2018-11-15Bibliographically approved
Ottosson, J. & Magnusson, L. (2018). Editorial. Economic and Industrial Democracy, 39(3), 379-380
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Editorial
2018 (English)In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 379-380Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Sage Publications, 2018
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-356779 (URN)10.1177/0143831X18789335 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-08-07 Created: 2018-08-07 Last updated: 2018-11-15Bibliographically approved
Ottosson, J. & Magnusson, L. (2018). Editorial. Economic and Industrial Democracy, 39(1), 3-5
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Editorial
2018 (English)In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 3-5Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Sage Publications, 2018
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-389952 (URN)10.1177/0143831X1875448 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-08-01 Created: 2019-08-01 Last updated: 2019-08-21Bibliographically approved
Larsson, M. & Ottosson, J. (Eds.). (2018). Financial crises: International dissemination and consequences in historical perspective (1ed.). Uppsala: Uppsala University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Financial crises: International dissemination and consequences in historical perspective
2018 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala University, 2018. p. 50 Edition: 1
Series
Uppsala papers in financial and business history, ISSN 1652-5124 ; 22
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338550 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-10 Created: 2018-01-10 Last updated: 2018-01-22Bibliographically approved
Larsson, M. & Ottosson, J. (2018). Introduction (1ed.). In: Mats Larsson and Jan Ottosson (Ed.), Financial crises: International dissemination and consequences in historical perspective (pp. 5-8). Uppsala: Uppsala University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction
2018 (English)In: Financial crises: International dissemination and consequences in historical perspective / [ed] Mats Larsson and Jan Ottosson, Uppsala: Uppsala University, 2018, 1, p. 5-8Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala University, 2018 Edition: 1
Series
Uppsala papers in financial and business history, ISSN 1652-5124 ; 22
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338634 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-11 Created: 2018-01-11 Last updated: 2018-01-24
Andersson-Skog, L. & Ottosson, J. (2018). Path Dependence and Institutional Change -: The Emergence of Regulations in Swedish Network Industries in Historical Perspective. In: : . Paper presented at World Economic History Congress, WEHC, Boston 2018,July 29 – August 3, 2018,session exploring the Institutional Turn in Transport and Communication History: Comparative Aspects of the Regulated Economy of Transport, Communication, and Information Technology, 1850-2000.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Path Dependence and Institutional Change -: The Emergence of Regulations in Swedish Network Industries in Historical Perspective
2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-356771 (URN)
Conference
World Economic History Congress, WEHC, Boston 2018,July 29 – August 3, 2018,session exploring the Institutional Turn in Transport and Communication History: Comparative Aspects of the Regulated Economy of Transport, Communication, and Information Technology, 1850-2000
Available from: 2018-08-06 Created: 2018-08-06 Last updated: 2018-11-01Bibliographically approved
Andersson-Skog, L. & Ottosson, J. (2018). Stat och marknad i historiskt perspektiv: från 1850 till i dag (1ed.). Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stat och marknad i historiskt perspektiv: från 1850 till i dag
2018 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

I dag ser vi stora förändringar i det svenska samhället i form av avregleringar – eller snarare omregleringar. Samtidigt har debatten om avregleringarna i den svenska ekonomin polariserats alltmer. Å ena sidan framställs avregleringsvågen som något naturnödvändigt och helt självklart. Å andra sidan ses den som en del av en högersammansvärjning, ägnad att torpedera välfärdssamhället. Bakom båda uppfattningarna finns föreställningen att avregleringarna är en avvikelse eller nyorientering från ett läge där regleringar alltid har funnits – alltså att perioden efter 1990 skulle vara unik.

Författarna sätter detta fenomen i ett större perspektiv genom att diskutera och dra lärdomar från ett antal omreglerade sektorer i den svenska ekonomin. De använder historiska exempel för att belysa olika faser i vår moderna regleringshistoria. Exemplen hämtas bland annat från sektorer som tele, järnväg och buss, post, flyg, elbransch, vård, skola och apotek.

Hur såg omvandlingen till en reglerad ekonomi ut i Sverige, och vilka drivkrafter låg bakom dessa förändringar?

Författarna, Lena Andersson-Skog och Jan Ottosson är professorer i ekonomisk historia vid Umeå universitet respektive Uppsala universitet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2018. p. 144 Edition: 1
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-353616 (URN)9789175043357 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-06-14 Created: 2018-06-14 Last updated: 2018-10-24Bibliographically approved
Jansson, O., Ottosson, J., Murhem, S. & Magnusson, L. (2018). Sweden: supplementary Occupational Welfare with near universal coverage. In: David Natali and Emmanuele Pavolini with Bart Vanhercke (Ed.), Occupational Welfare in Europe: Risks, opportunities and social partner involvement (pp. 55-77). Brussels: ETUI and OSE
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sweden: supplementary Occupational Welfare with near universal coverage
2018 (English)In: Occupational Welfare in Europe: Risks, opportunities and social partner involvement / [ed] David Natali and Emmanuele Pavolini with Bart Vanhercke, Brussels: ETUI and OSE , 2018, p. 55-77Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Brussels: ETUI and OSE, 2018
National Category
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-343541 (URN)978-2-87452-463-9 (ISBN)978-2-87452-464-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-02-28 Created: 2018-02-28 Last updated: 2018-02-28
Lilja, K. & Ottosson, J. (2018). The risk of pioneering: Private interests, the State, and the launching of civil aviation in Sweden. The case of SLA 1918-23. Journal of Transport History, 39(3), 316-332
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The risk of pioneering: Private interests, the State, and the launching of civil aviation in Sweden. The case of SLA 1918-23
2018 (English)In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 316-332Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The making and running of one of the early Swedish civil aviation companies – Svenska Lufttrafikaktiebolaget 1919–23 – show that military representatives and private entrepreneurs were highly important during this phase. We state that the making of this early civil aviation company in Sweden had not been possible without close personal ties between bankers and entrepreneurs, as well as their beliefs in the future of civil aviation as a natural and an evident part of Swedish infrastructure. However, the enterprise was indeed pioneering the field and faced the 1920–23 Swedish crisis. Svenska Lufttrafikaktiebolaget did not survive, despite minor subsidies. The article shows that the initial position of State involvement regarding civil aviation was not a clear-cut matter in the late 1910s and early 1920s. We claim that only later in the 1920s the Swedish State properly supported civil aviation.

Keywords
Early civil aviation, Scandinavia, big business, financers, Kreuger
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-357194 (URN)10.1177/0022526618792379 (DOI)000449286700004 ()
Available from: 2018-08-13 Created: 2018-08-13 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2173-0224

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