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Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
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Publications (10 of 37) Show all publications
Nilsson, D. & Kovacs, M. S. (2023). Dealing with Divergence: Intra-party Dynamics and Spoiler Management in Civil Wars. Journal of Global Security Studies, 8(2), Article ID ogad003.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dealing with Divergence: Intra-party Dynamics and Spoiler Management in Civil Wars
2023 (English)In: Journal of Global Security Studies, ISSN 2057-3170, E-ISSN 2057-3189, Vol. 8, no 2, article id ogad003Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Civil war peace processes are frequently accompanied by spoiler behavior relating to intra-party divergence, such as leadership struggles or breakaway groups, which risk undermining the implementation of a peace accord. However, previous literature has not sufficiently explored how third-party actors can address spoiler behavior linked to such intra-party aspects. This study addresses this gap by providing an empirical analysis of a few illustrative cases of spoiler behavior by armed actors in two peace processes in West Africa—Sierra Leone after the 1999 Lomé peace accords and Liberia after the 2003 Accra peace agreement. We find that in contexts where there is a vertical divergence between the leader and the rest of the group, divisive strategies—aimed to divide and rule or marginalize—are effective. In contrast, in situations of horizontal divergence between different factions that are more equal in power, integrative strategies—aimed at unifying the ranks or reconciling a divided leadership—are more appropriate. This study enhances our understanding of how third-party strategies can be devised to manage intra-party divisions that otherwise may threaten a transition from war to peace.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2023
Keywords
spoilers, intra-party, civil war, Liberia, Sierra Leone, third-party management
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-500114 (URN)10.1093/jogss/ogad003 (DOI)000950298900001 ()
Funder
Sida - Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, 2007-235Swedish Research Council, 2015-01235
Available from: 2023-04-12 Created: 2023-04-12 Last updated: 2023-05-16Bibliographically approved
Söderberg Kovacs, M., Höglund, K. & Jiménez, M. (2021). Autonomous Peace?: The Bangsamoro Region in the Philippines Beyond the 2014 Agreement. Journal of Peacebuilding and Development, 16(1), 55-69
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Autonomous Peace?: The Bangsamoro Region in the Philippines Beyond the 2014 Agreement
2021 (English)In: Journal of Peacebuilding and Development, ISSN 1542-3166, E-ISSN 2165-7440, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 55-69Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

What kind of peace has emerged in the Bangsamoro region in the Philippines after the 2014 peace agreement? And how does it matter for the prospects of sustainable peace and development? The peace deal between the government of Philippines and the armed group Moro Islamic Liberation Front builds on the establishment of a new autonomous region. The new autonomy has the potential to end a prolonged cycle of armed rebellions. But if it fails to deliver the expected peace dividends, it could also lead to escalating violence. This article uses the Peace Triangle as a conceptual tool to analyse the current status of peace in Bangsamoro. As such, it advances a theoretical understanding of peace that focuses on how autonomy solutions impact on conflict issues, violent behaviour, and conflict attitudes and aid an assessment of the longer term prospects of peace in the wake of autonomy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage PublicationsSAGE Publications, 2021
Keywords
peace agreement, peace process, autonomy, Peace Triangle, conflict resolution, Bangsamoro, Mindanao, Philippines
National Category
Other Social Sciences Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-433190 (URN)10.1177/1542316620987556 (DOI)2-s2.0-85100033155 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-01-26 Created: 2021-01-26 Last updated: 2024-01-15Bibliographically approved
Söderberg Kovacs, M., Malm, J., Wrede, S., Martínez Lorenzo, L. & Triana, S. E. (2021). Reintegration or Recividism? : Why Ex-combatants in the DRC return to arms. Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reintegration or Recividism? : Why Ex-combatants in the DRC return to arms
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2021 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2021
Series
FBA Report
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-465086 (URN)
Note

https://fba.se/om-fba/publikationer/reintegration-or-recidivism/

Available from: 2022-01-17 Created: 2022-01-17 Last updated: 2022-01-17
Söderberg Kovacs, M. (2021). The Legacy of a Revolution that Never Happened: The Post-War Politics of Former Rebel Party RUFP in Sierra Leone. Government and Opposition, 56(2), 245-259
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Legacy of a Revolution that Never Happened: The Post-War Politics of Former Rebel Party RUFP in Sierra Leone
2021 (English)In: Government and Opposition, ISSN 0017-257X, E-ISSN 1477-7053, Vol. 56, no 2, p. 245-259Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The former rebel party Revolutionary United Front Party (RUFP) in Sierra Leone has struggled with a discredited wartime reputation and electoral defeats throughout the post-war period. In spite of this, the party has remained loyal to its wartime revolutionary ideas, symbols and political rhetoric. Why is this the case? In this article, I argue that the answer lies in the premises of party politics in war-torn states and new democracies on the African continent. In a political landscape where brokerage is power, retaining wartime identities can sometimes serve as a valuable source of (potential) patronage. With few other options for access to resources and opportunities, the core of the party membership has clung to its past as a means to both rally electoral support among the marginalized ex-combatant community and to get access to the long-awaited funds that were promised to them in the peace negotiations.

Keywords
Public Administration, Sociology and Political Science
National Category
Social Sciences Social Sciences
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-461264 (URN)10.1017/gov.2019.23 (DOI)000630479500003 ()
Available from: 2021-12-13 Created: 2021-12-13 Last updated: 2022-07-20Bibliographically approved
Söderberg Kovacs, M. (2020). A Matter of Faith?: Negotiations with Boko Haram in Nigeria. International Negotiation, 25(3), 435-462
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Matter of Faith?: Negotiations with Boko Haram in Nigeria
2020 (English)In: International Negotiation, ISSN 1382-340X, E-ISSN 1571-8069, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 435-462Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Brill, 2020
Keywords
Political Science and International Relations, Sociology and Political Science
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-461267 (URN)10.1163/15718069-bja10002 (DOI)000563707800004 ()2-s2.0-85095590655 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-12-13 Created: 2021-12-13 Last updated: 2023-05-31Bibliographically approved
Söderberg Kovacs, M. (Ed.). (2020). New Insights on Women, Peace and Security for the Next Decade. Stockholm: Folke Bernadotteakademin
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New Insights on Women, Peace and Security for the Next Decade
2020 (English)Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Folke Bernadotteakademin, 2020
Series
Joint Research Brief series 
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-465094 (URN)
Available from: 2022-01-17 Created: 2022-01-17 Last updated: 2022-05-06Bibliographically approved
Sjöstedt, R., Söderberg Kovacs, M. & Themnér, A. (2019). Demagogues of Hate or Shepherds of Peace?: Examining the Threat Construction Processes of Warlord Democrats in Sierra Leone and Liberia. Journal of International Relations and Development, 22(3), 560-583
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Demagogues of Hate or Shepherds of Peace?: Examining the Threat Construction Processes of Warlord Democrats in Sierra Leone and Liberia
2019 (English)In: Journal of International Relations and Development, ISSN 1408-6980, E-ISSN 1581-1980, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 560-583Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

How are threat images framed and constructed by the so-called warlord democrats (WDs)? Societies that have suffered from large-scale civil wars are commonly permeated by inter-group fear and hate. In these contexts, former military or political leaders of armed groups sometimes become involved in post-war politics. These WDs can act as reconciliation spoilers by making securitising moves, i.e. they construct threat images that are potentially very costly for fragile post-conflict democratisation processes. It is therefore crucial to explore WDs’ speech acts. Yet, the literature on post-war politics has largely overlooked these individual aspects. This article argues that the central components of securitisation theory can be useful in understanding this phenomenon if adjusted to the contextual circumstances of post-war societies. By analysing speech acts by seven WDs in post-war Liberia and Sierra Leone, two forms of framing strategies stand out as particularly relevant. First, WDs’ securitising moves are often framed as veiled threats of violence, as it is often deemed too risky for these individuals outside formal power positions to overtly express threats in a generally de-securitised setting. Second, when WDs construct threats, they often chose to frame themselves or their constituencies or followers as the referent object of security.

Keywords
warlord democrats, ex-military leaders, military leaders, warlords, democracy, peacebuilding, democratization, conflict resolution, Liberia, Sierra Leone
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-369458 (URN)10.1057/s41268-017-0111-3 (DOI)000480500200003 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2022-05-30Bibliographically approved
Söderberg Kovacs, M. & Bangura, I. (2018). Competition, uncertainty and violence in Sierra Leone's swing district. In: Mimmi Söderberg Kovacs and Jesper Bjarnesen (Ed.), Violence in African Elections: Between Democracy and Big Man Politics (pp. 114-134). London: Zed Books
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Competition, uncertainty and violence in Sierra Leone's swing district
2018 (English)In: Violence in African Elections: Between Democracy and Big Man Politics / [ed] Mimmi Söderberg Kovacs and Jesper Bjarnesen, London: Zed Books, 2018, p. 114-134Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Zed Books, 2018
Series
Africa Now
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-465118 (URN)9781786992291 (ISBN)9781786992314 (ISBN)9781786992307 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-01-17 Created: 2022-01-17 Last updated: 2022-05-13Bibliographically approved
Söderberg Kovacs, M. & Bjarnesen, J. (Eds.). (2018). Violence in African Elections: Between Democracy and Big Man Politics. London: Zed Books
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Violence in African Elections: Between Democracy and Big Man Politics
2018 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Multiparty elections have become the bellwether by which all democracies are judged, and the spread of these systems across Africa has been widely hailed as a sign of the continent's progress towards stability and prosperity. But such elections bring their own challenges, particularly the often intense internecine violence following disputed results.

While the consequences of such violence can be profound, undermining the legitimacy of the democratic process and in some cases plunging countries into civil war or renewed dictatorship, little is known about the causes. By mapping, analysing and comparing instances of election violence in different localities across Africa – including Kenya, Ivory Coast and Uganda – this collection of detailed case studies sheds light on the underlying dynamics and sub-national causes behind electoral conflicts, revealing them to be the result of a complex interplay between democratisation and the older, patronage-based system of 'Big Man' politics.

Essential for scholars and policymakers across the social sciences and humanities interested in democratization, peace-keeping and peace studies, Violence in African Elections provides important insights into why some communities prove more prone to electoral violence than others, offering practical suggestions for preventing violence through improved electoral monitoring, voter education, and international assistance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Zed Books, 2018
Series
Africa Now
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-465057 (URN)10.5040/9781350223837 (DOI)9781786992291 (ISBN)9781786992284 (ISBN)9781786992307 (ISBN)9781786992314 (ISBN)9781786992321 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2022-01-17 Created: 2022-01-17 Last updated: 2022-04-28Bibliographically approved
Kovacs, M. S. (2017). Peace agreements: finding solutions to intra-state conflicts [Review]. Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 30(2-3), 294-297
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Peace agreements: finding solutions to intra-state conflicts
2017 (English)In: Cambridge Review of International Affairs, ISSN 0955-7571, E-ISSN 1474-449X, Vol. 30, no 2-3, p. 294-297Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2017
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-348319 (URN)10.1080/09557571.2017.1380438 (DOI)000424147300014 ()
Available from: 2018-04-24 Created: 2018-04-24 Last updated: 2019-02-28Bibliographically approved
Projects
​From Intra-State War to Durable Peace. Conflict and Conflict Resolution in Africa, 1989-2004; Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research; Publications
Ohlson, T. (2008). Understanding causes of war and peace. European Journal of International Relations, 14(1), 133-160Ohlson, T. & Söderberg, M. (2005). From Intra-State War to Democratic Peace in Africa. In: Africa: A Future Beyond the Crises and Conflicts: . Nordic Africa Institute: UppsalaSöderberg, M. & Ohlson, T. (2003). Democratisation and Armed Conflicts in Weak States. Stockholm: SidaOhlson, T. & Söderberg Kovacs, M. (2002). From Intra-State War to Democratic Peace in Weak States. Universitetsförlaget, Uppsala
Conflict and Democracy Program; Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict ResearchTurning Spoilers into Statesmen: Third Party Strategies for Sustainable Peace in West Africa; Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research; Publications
Nilsson, D. & Kovacs Söderberg, M. (2013). Different Paths of Reconstruction: Military Reform in Post-War Sierra Leone and Liberia. International Peacekeeping, 20(1), 2-16Nilsson, D. & Söderberg Kovacs, M. (2011). Revisiting an Elusive Concept: A Review of the Debate on Spoilers in Peace Processes. International Studies Review, 13(4), 606-626Söderberg Kovacs, M. (2010). Bringing in the Good, the Bad and the Ugly into the Peace Fold: The Transformation of the Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces after the Lomé Peace Agreement. In: Roy Licklider (Ed.), Authors’ conference at the U.S. Army War College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, USA: . Paper presented at New Armies from Old: Merging Competing Military Forces after Civil Wars. Nilsson, D. (2009). Crafting a Secure Peace: Evaluating Liberia’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement 2003. Uppsala: Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala UniversitySöderberg Kovacs, M. & Nilsson, D. (2005). Breaking the Cycle of Violence?: Promises and Pitfalls of the Liberian Peace Process. Civil Wars, 7(4), 19Nilsson, D. (2003). Liberia - The Eye of the Storm: A Review of the Literature on Internally Displaced, Refugees and Returnees. Uppsala, Nordiska afrikainstitutetNilsson, D. & Söderberg, M. (2003). På väg mot fred i Liberia?. Stockholm: Utrikespolitiska Institutet (11)
Programme on Governance, Conflict and Peacebuilding; Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research; Publications
Nilsson, D. (2012). Anchoring the Peace: Civil Society Actors in Peace Accords and Durable Peace. International Interactions, 38(2), 243-266Ohlson, T. (Ed.). (2012). From Intra-State War to Durable Peace: Conflict and Its Resolution in Africa after the Cold War. Dordrecht: Republic of Letters PublishingNilsson, D. & Söderberg Kovacs, M. (2011). Revisiting an Elusive Concept: A Review of the Debate on Spoilers in Peace Processes. International Studies Review, 13(4), 606-626Lindgren, M. (2011). Sexual Violence Beyond Conflict Termination: Impunity for Past Violations as a Recipe for New Ones?. Durban, South Africa: ACCORD (15)Höglund, K. & Jarstad, A. K. (2011). Toward Electoral Security: Experiences from KwaZulu-Natal. Africa Spectrum, 46(1), 33-59Themnér, A. (2011). Violence in Post-Conflict Societies: Remarginalization, Remobilizers and Relationships. Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon: RoutledgeNilsson, D. (2010). Agreements and Sustainability. In: Nigel J. Young (Ed.), The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace: Volume I (pp. 30-32). New York: Oxford University PressHöglund, K. & Söderberg Kovacs, M. (2010). Beyond the Absence of War: The Diversity of Peace in Post-Settlement Societies. Review of International Studies, 36(2), 367-390Höglund, K. & Jarstad, A. K. (2010). Strategies to Prevent and Manage Electoral Violence: Considerations for Policy. Durban: ACCORDNilsson, D. (2010). Turning Weakness into Strength: Military Capabilities, Multiple Rebel Groups and Negotiated Settlements. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 27(3), 253-271
Partnership Project; Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict ResearchFrom Wars of the Weak to Strong Peace [P2008-0732:1-E]; Uppsala University
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