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Molina, Irene, Professor i kulturgeografi, ssk Bosättning och bebyggelseORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1074-2302
Alternative names
Biography [eng]

Irene Molina obtained her master degree in Geography and graduated as a Professional Geographer in 1986 at the Pontifical Catholic University in Santiago, Chile, with the thesis: El Programa de Erradicación de Campamentos en la Región Metropolitana de Santiago: Implicancias Socio-económicas y Espaciales. Her PhD degree from 1997 is from the Department of Social & Economic Geography at Uppsala University, with the dissertation Stadens Rasifiering: Etnisk Boendesegregation i Folkhemmet. In 2002 Irene Molina obtained the title of Associate professor, and in 2011 she obtained the title of Professor of Human Geography, especially in Settlements and the Built Environment, both at Uppsala University. Since 2004, Molina is a senior lecturer and professor at the Institute for Housing and Urban Research, IBF, at Uppsala University (Head of Dept. 2013-2017). In 2017, she participated in the creation of the Center for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism, CEMFOR, where she currently is Director of Research.

Biography [swe]

Irene Molina är professor I kulturgeografi, verksam vid tre institutioner vid Uppsala universitet: Institutet för bostads- och urban forskning, IBF; Centrum för mångvetenskaplig forskning om rasism, CEMFOR (vetenskaplig ledare), samt kulturgeografiska institutionen. Specialiseringsområden är Boendet, Rasism, Diskriminering, Intersektionalitet, Genus, Stadsplanering i Sverige, Europa, Latinamerika. Har intresse för teoretiska och metodologiska frågor samt relationen mellan forskning och det omgivande samhället genom konst, kultur och politik.

Publications (10 of 57) Show all publications
Thapar-Björkert, S., Molina, I. & Rana Villacura, K. (2019). From Welfare to Warfare: Exploring the Militarisation of the Swedish Suburb. In: Suvi Keskinen, Unnur Dís Skaptadóttir, Mari Toivanen (Ed.), Undoing Homogeneity in the Nordic Region: Migration, Difference and the Politics of Solidarity. Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From Welfare to Warfare: Exploring the Militarisation of the Swedish Suburb
2019 (English)In: Undoing Homogeneity in the Nordic Region: Migration, Difference and the Politics of Solidarity / [ed] Suvi Keskinen, Unnur Dís Skaptadóttir, Mari Toivanen, Routledge, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
National Category
Globalisation Studies
Research subject
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-391070 (URN)9781138564275 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-08-18 Created: 2019-08-18 Last updated: 2019-08-19Bibliographically approved
Molina, I., Czischke, D. & Rolnik, R. (2019). Housing policy issues in contemporary South America: an introduction. International journal of housing policy, 19(3), 277-287
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Housing policy issues in contemporary South America: an introduction
2019 (English)In: International journal of housing policy, ISSN 1461-6718, E-ISSN 1473-3269, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 277-287Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

In the introduction to this special issue on Latin American housing policies, we address the common elements evident in this collection of papers with the aim of enabling a better knowledge exchange between the 'global North' and the 'global South' on potentially common issues. These include the changing relationship between state and capital, with special emphasis on the new role adopted by the State as a facilitator for financial private capital in an increasingly privatised housing sector; the need to address precarious housing conditions among vast sectors of the population, including international migrants; and the various innovative roles played by civil society in housing provision. Notwithstanding these similarities between world regions, our editorial introduction highlights a number of particularities in housing research in the Latin American region, underscoring the need to reflect critically on the applicability of concepts and models created in different geographical contexts with different historical, social and political realities. Within this editorial, we also introduce the main themes discussed in the specific articles and attempt to place them within the more general scope of earlier research on housing policies in the region. We conclude by acknowledging that a solution to long lasting housing inequality in Latin America remains an unfulfilled promise.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2019
Keywords
Latin America, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, housing policy, housing inequality
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-394154 (URN)10.1080/19491247.2019.1627843 (DOI)000482290600001 ()
Available from: 2019-10-04 Created: 2019-10-04 Last updated: 2019-10-04Bibliographically approved
Wolgast, S., Molina, I. & Gardell, M. (2018). Antisvart rasism och diskriminering på arbetsmarknaden: Skillnader mellan afrosvenskar och den övriga befolkningen i bruttolön, disponibel inkomst och möjlighet att göra karriär på den svenska arbetsmarknaden. Stockholm: Länsstyrelsen i Stockholms län
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Antisvart rasism och diskriminering på arbetsmarknaden: Skillnader mellan afrosvenskar och den övriga befolkningen i bruttolön, disponibel inkomst och möjlighet att göra karriär på den svenska arbetsmarknaden
2018 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Länsstyrelsen i Stockholms län, 2018. p. 61
Keywords
Rasism, diskriminering, afrosvenskar, totalbefolkningen, arbetsmarknad
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-371487 (URN)978-91-7281-845-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-12-21 Created: 2018-12-21 Last updated: 2019-01-10Bibliographically approved
Molina, I. (2018). Planning for Patriarchy?: Gender Equality in theSwedish Modern Built Environment. In: Alexandra Staub (Ed.), The Routledge Companion to Modernity, Space and Gender: (pp. 26-40). Rotledge-Taylor & Francis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Planning for Patriarchy?: Gender Equality in theSwedish Modern Built Environment
2018 (English)In: The Routledge Companion to Modernity, Space and Gender / [ed] Alexandra Staub, Rotledge-Taylor & Francis , 2018, p. 26-40Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Rotledge-Taylor & Francis, 2018
National Category
Human Geography Gender Studies
Research subject
Gender Studies; Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-359425 (URN)978-1-351-71943-8 (ISBN)9781138746411 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-01623
Available from: 2018-09-02 Created: 2018-09-02 Last updated: 2018-12-20Bibliographically approved
Molina, I. (2017). Dags för ett nytt miljonprogram?. In: Titti Olsson (Ed.), Höra hemma - om det bostadspolitiska dilemmat: (pp. 180-185).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dags för ett nytt miljonprogram?
2017 (Swedish)In: Höra hemma - om det bostadspolitiska dilemmat / [ed] Titti Olsson, 2017, p. 180-185Chapter in book (Other academic)
Series
ArkDes Resumé ; 2
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-336351 (URN)978-91-87447-08-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-12-13 Created: 2017-12-13 Last updated: 2017-12-13
Baeten, G., Westin, S., Pull, E. & Molina, I. (2017). Pressure and violence: Housing renovation and displacement in Sweden. Environment and planning A, 49(3), 631-351
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pressure and violence: Housing renovation and displacement in Sweden
2017 (English)In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 49, no 3, p. 631-351Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Based on interview material relating to the current wave of housing renovation in Swedish cities,this article will analyse the profit-driven, traumatic and violent displacement in the wake ofcontemporary large-scale renovation processes of the so-called Million Program housingestates from the 1960s and 1970s. We maintain that the current form of displacement(through renovation) has become a regularized profit strategy, for both public and privatehousing companies in Sweden. We will pay special attention to Marcuse’s notion of‘displacement pressure’ which refers not only to actual displacement but also to the anxieties,uncertainties, insecurities and temporalities that arise from possible displacement due tosignificant rent increases after renovation and from the course of events preceding the actualrent increase. Examples of the many insidious forms in which this pressure manifests itself will begiven – examples that illustrate the hypocritical nature of much planning discourse and rhetoric ofurban renewal. We illustrate how seemingly unspectacular measures and tactics deployed in therenovation processes have far-reaching consequences for tenants exposed to actual or potentialdisplacement. Displacement and displacement pressure due to significant rent increases (which isprofit-driven but justified by invoking the ‘technical necessity’ of renovation) undermines the ‘rightto dwell’ and the right to exert a reasonable level of power over one’s basic living conditions, withall the physical and mental benefits that entails – regardless of whether displacement fearsmaterialize in actual displacement or not.

Keywords
Displacement, public housing, renovation, urban renewal
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-310512 (URN)10.1177/0308518X1667627 (DOI)000399247700011 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2016-12-16 Created: 2016-12-16 Last updated: 2018-01-15Bibliographically approved
Molina, I. & Raña Villacura, K. (2017). Una perspectivainterseccional para abordar la globalidad del racismo. Actuel Marx Intervenciones (22)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Una perspectivainterseccional para abordar la globalidad del racismo
2017 (Spanish)In: Actuel Marx Intervenciones, ISSN 0718-0179, no 22Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Santiago de Chile: , 2017
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-359426 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-05144
Available from: 2018-09-02 Created: 2018-09-02 Last updated: 2018-12-12
Molina Vega, I. & Grundström, K. (2016). From Folkhem to Life-style Housing in Sweden: Segregation and Urban Form, 1930’s – 2010’s. International journal of housing policy, 16(3)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From Folkhem to Life-style Housing in Sweden: Segregation and Urban Form, 1930’s – 2010’s
2016 (English)In: International journal of housing policy, ISSN 1461-6718, E-ISSN 1473-3269, Vol. 16, no 3Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

This article analyses the political and ideological transformations underlying the gradual privatisation and deregulation of the mid-twentieth-century Keynesian model of housing provision in Sweden. We identify a series of three political and ideological shifts in housing policy and urban form since the 1930s: regulating Folkhem housing, deregulating Folkhem housing, and back to business in housing. We argue that even though the Folkhem parole of ‘housing for all’ differs extensively from the current situation where the market is ‘housing the privileged’, segregation trends have, from the Folkhem to the postwelfare period, been shaped by both state interventions and market forces. Second, we argue that there is a continuing trend through which newly constructed housing has metamorphosed from a basic human right for the working class into an expression of individual distinction and ‘style’ for the upper middle and middle classes. While privileged classes, more than ever before in modern Swedish housing history, have the possibility to choose new forms of housing, the most impoverished groups live in residual and often stigmatised peripheral housing areas. One main conclusion is that recent forms of housing for privileged groups signal a cultural and ideological shift towards new, more elitist conceptions of housing and privilege.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2016
Keywords
housing; segregation; Sweden; urban form, Folkhem;
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-289144 (URN)
Available from: 2016-04-29 Created: 2016-04-29 Last updated: 2017-11-30
Grundström, K. & Molina, I. (2016). From Folkhem to lifestyle housing in Sweden: Segregation and urban form, 1930s–2010s. International journal of housing policy, 16(3), 316-336
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From Folkhem to lifestyle housing in Sweden: Segregation and urban form, 1930s–2010s
2016 (English)In: International journal of housing policy, ISSN 1461-6718, E-ISSN 1473-3269, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 316-336Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyses the political and ideological transformations underlying the gradual privatisation and deregulation of the mid-twentieth-century Keynesian model of housing provision in Sweden. We identify a series of three political and ideological shifts in housing policy and urban form since the 1930s: regulating Folkhem housing, deregulating Folkhem housing, and back to business in housing. We argue that even though the Folkhem parole of ‘housing for all’ differs extensively from the current situation where the market is ‘housing the privileged’, segregation trends have, from the Folkhem to the post-welfare period, been shaped by both state interventions and market forces. Second, we argue that there is a continuing trend through which newly constructed housing has metamorphosed from a basic human right for the working class into an expression of individual distinction and ‘style’ for the upper middle and middle classes. While privileged classes, more than ever before in modern Swedish housing history, have the possibility to choose new forms of housing, the most impoverished groups live in residual and often stigmatised peripheral housing areas. One main conclusion is that recent forms of housing for privileged groups signal a cultural and ideological shift towards new, more elitist conceptions of housing and privilege.

National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-311267 (URN)10.1080/14616718.2015.1122695 (DOI)000391006200003 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2010-1043
Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Molina, I. (2015). Kvalitativ praktikprövning och rasdiskriminering på bostadsmarknaden: Metodologiska reflektioner (1ed.). In: Roger Andersson, Bo Bengtsson & Gunnar Myrberg (Ed.), Mångfaldens dilemman: Boendesegregation och områdespolitik (pp. 159-181). Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kvalitativ praktikprövning och rasdiskriminering på bostadsmarknaden: Metodologiska reflektioner
2015 (Swedish)In: Mångfaldens dilemman: Boendesegregation och områdespolitik / [ed] Roger Andersson, Bo Bengtsson & Gunnar Myrberg, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 1, p. 159-181Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015 Edition: 1
National Category
Human Geography International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-269877 (URN)9789140692115 (ISBN)
Projects
Mångfaldens dilemman: Etnisk integration och segregation i staden
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2015-12-18 Created: 2015-12-18 Last updated: 2015-12-18
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1074-2302

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