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Enström Öst, Cecilia
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 23) Show all publications
Enström Öst, C. & Wilhelmsson, M. (2015). Youth dwellings, higher education, and childbearing. Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Youth dwellings, higher education, and childbearing
2015 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Earlier research has found that housing and childbearing are linked, difficulties accessing housing possibly delaying childbearing and negatively effecting education opportunities. To increase housing accessibility, some municipalities have earmarked apartments for young adults. These “youth dwellings” are criticized for being small and not necessarily facilitating family formation and fertility, better suiting students’ needs. We analyze the childbearing and education patterns of young adults entering youth housing in 1996. We follow them for 14 years to examine the causal effect of youth housing on childbearing and higher education using a propensity score matching technique. Results indicates that gaining access to small, low-rent inner-city rental apartments earmarked for young adults promote higher education but negatively affect childbearing, unless the rest of the housing market permits these renters to advance their housing careers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2015
Series
Working Paper Series, Department of Real Estate and Construction Management & Centre for Banking and Finance (cefin), Royal Institute of Technology ; 2015:3
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-259893 (URN)
Available from: 2015-08-13 Created: 2015-08-13 Last updated: 2015-08-13
Enström Öst, C. (2014). Economic incentives, housing allowance, and housing consumption: An unintended consequence of a shift in housing policy. Journal of Housing Economics (23), 17-27
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Economic incentives, housing allowance, and housing consumption: An unintended consequence of a shift in housing policy
2014 (English)In: Journal of Housing Economics, ISSN 1051-1377, E-ISSN 1096-0791, no 23, p. 17-27Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-240550 (URN)
Available from: 2015-01-07 Created: 2015-01-07 Last updated: 2017-12-05
Enström Öst, C. (2014). Economic incentives, housing allowance, and housing consumption: An unintended consequence of a shift in housing policy. Journal of Housing Economics, 23(March), 17-27
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Economic incentives, housing allowance, and housing consumption: An unintended consequence of a shift in housing policy
2014 (English)In: Journal of Housing Economics, ISSN 1051-1377, E-ISSN 1096-0791, Vol. 23, no March, p. 17-27Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigated whether an imposed dwelling size constraint in the Swedish housing allowance system induced recipients to move into smaller apartments and overcrowded conditions, i.e., an unintended consequence of a housing policy shift. To address this matter, this paper exploits a quasi-experimental dimension of the imposed dwelling size limit by applying the difference-in-difference estimator. Data for this study were extracted from the Swedish National Insurance Board’s database on housing allowance recipients, which comprises data previously unavailable for research. The estimation results suggest that this policy shift induced single-parent households living in rental housing to decrease their consumption of interior space, yielding a statistically significant increase in moves into overcrowded conditions, an effect that is even greater for single parents with one child than for those with two or more children. This effect runs directly counter to two long-term stated goals of the Swedish housing allowance system: (1) to induce households to move into better housing, thereby increasing their housing consumption, and (2) to prevent families with children from living in overcrowded conditions.

National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-213302 (URN)10.1016/j.jhe.2013.11.003 (DOI)
Available from: 2013-12-20 Created: 2013-12-20 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Enström Öst, C., Söderberg, B. & Wilhelmsson, M. (2014). Household allocation and spatial distribution in a market under ("soft") rent control. Journal of Policy Modeling, 36(2), 353-372
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Household allocation and spatial distribution in a market under ("soft") rent control
2014 (English)In: Journal of Policy Modeling, ISSN 0161-8938, E-ISSN 1873-8060, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 353-372Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-240548 (URN)
Available from: 2015-01-07 Created: 2015-01-07 Last updated: 2017-12-05
Enström Öst, C., Söderberg, B. & Wilhelmsson, M. (2014). Household allocation and spatial distribution on a market under ('soft') rent control. Journal of Policy Modeling, 36(2), 353-372
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Household allocation and spatial distribution on a market under ('soft') rent control
2014 (English)In: Journal of Policy Modeling, ISSN 0161-8938, E-ISSN 1873-8060, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 353-372Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We analyse whether segregation exists in the rental housing market in Stockholm, Sweden, a market under persistent and all-embracing, yet “soft”, rent control. We use segregation measures for the uncontrolled cooperative housing segment as benchmarks for analysing whether rent control counteracts segregation. We apply the analyses to a rich dataset encompassing some 400,000 households.

We find that income segregation is significantly lower in the rent control segment than in the free market benchmark. However, when analysing segregation with respect to other segregation measures, the rental housing market is more segregated in these respects than in the non-regulated market for cooperatives. Rent control has arguably led to a comparatively flat rent gradient over the city and thus the comparatively low rents in the central, and most attractive, areas of the city provide a general subsidy to those who live in these areas. But according to our results this subsidy does not efficiently benefit households with low educated level, households with children, young households or households with a migrant background.

National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-221034 (URN)10.1016/j.jpolmod.2014.01.002 (DOI)000335110100010 ()
Available from: 2014-03-25 Created: 2014-03-25 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Enström Öst, C. & Wilhelmsson, M. (2014). Youth Dwellings, Education and Childbearing: Presentation av uppsats till European Network for Housing Research (ENHR), Edinburgh, Scotland, 1-4 July 2014.. In: : . Paper presented at European Network for Housing Research (ENHR), Edinburgh, Scotland, 1-4 July 2014..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Youth Dwellings, Education and Childbearing: Presentation av uppsats till European Network for Housing Research (ENHR), Edinburgh, Scotland, 1-4 July 2014.
2014 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-241126 (URN)
Conference
European Network for Housing Research (ENHR), Edinburgh, Scotland, 1-4 July 2014.
Available from: 2015-01-08 Created: 2015-01-08 Last updated: 2015-01-08
Enström Öst, C. (2013). Att tala samma språk: Gemensam struktur vid bedömning av vårdbidrag. Stockholm: Inspektionen för socialförsäkringen
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att tala samma språk: Gemensam struktur vid bedömning av vårdbidrag
2013 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Inspektionen för socialförsäkringen, 2013. p. 60
Series
Inspektionen för socialförsäkringen ; 12
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-207435 (URN)
Available from: 2013-09-13 Created: 2013-09-13 Last updated: 2013-10-03Bibliographically approved
Enström Öst, C., Bo, S. & Wilhelmsson, M. (2013). High house prices and homeownership rates. Stockholm: Department of Real Estate and Construction Management & Centre for Banking and Finance (cefin), Royal Institute of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>High house prices and homeownership rates
2013 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Earlier research have concluded that high house prices, relative to household income and wealth, and a tax on imputed rent are the most important causes of a countries low ownership rate. Given these findings, it is challenging to apply a similar analysis to a housing market characterized by comparatively high homeownership rates. One candidate for such a comparison is Sweden, where homeownership rates have exceeded 80% for at least the last two decades. From a particularly rich database covering all inhabitants of Sweden, we use observations of some 790,000 households (corresponding to some 2.9 million inhabitants) to analyze the Stockholm region housing market in 2008. The results suggest that high house prices relative to rents are unlikely to be the only key variable explaining the general ownership rate pattern in a housing market.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Real Estate and Construction Management & Centre for Banking and Finance (cefin), Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. p. 19
Series
Working Paper Series ; 08
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-207437 (URN)
Available from: 2013-09-13 Created: 2013-09-13 Last updated: 2013-10-03Bibliographically approved
Enström Öst, C. (2013). Individuella inkomstgränser i bostadsbidragssystemet ledde till ökade förvärvsinkomster. Ekonomisk Debatt (3), 16-26
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Individuella inkomstgränser i bostadsbidragssystemet ledde till ökade förvärvsinkomster
2013 (Swedish)In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, no 3, p. 16-26Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

Individuella inkomstgränser i bostadsbidragssystemet infördes den 1 januari 1997. Motivet till regelförändringen var bl.a. att stärka arbetslinje genom att minska den privatekonomiska förlust i form av kraftigt reducerat bostadsbidrag som kan uppkomma om en förälder vill övergå från hemarbete till förvärvsarbete. Huvudsyftet med den här studien är att undersöka om regelförändringen har haft någon effekt på arbetsutbudet. Författaren drar slutsatsen att individuella inkomstgränser verkar vara ett effektivt sätt att stärka arbetslinjen och öka förvärvsinkomsten.

Studien i sin helhet finns att beställa som rapport från Inspektionen för socialförsärkingen (ISF 2012:6).

National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-200402 (URN)
Available from: 2013-05-27 Created: 2013-05-27 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Enström Öst, C. (2013). Kommentar på rapport: Segregationen bland hyresgäster i Stockholms län: En beskrivning av hyresgästers inkomster. Stockholm: Fastighetsägarna Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kommentar på rapport: Segregationen bland hyresgäster i Stockholms län: En beskrivning av hyresgästers inkomster
2013 (Swedish)Other (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, pages
Stockholm: Fastighetsägarna Stockholm, 2013. p. 38
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-213304 (URN)
Note

Cecilia Enström Öst ger kommentarer i rapporten, s. 18-37.

Available from: 2013-12-20 Created: 2013-12-20 Last updated: 2014-01-14Bibliographically approved
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