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Mörk, Eva
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 64) Show all publications
Edmark, K., Liang, C.-Y., Mörk, E. & Selin, H. (2016). The Swedish Earned Income Tax Credit: Did It Increase Employment?. Finanzarchiv, 72(4), 475-503.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Swedish Earned Income Tax Credit: Did It Increase Employment?
2016 (English)In: Finanzarchiv, ISSN 0015-2218, E-ISSN 1614-0974, Vol. 72, no 4, 475-503 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper analyzes the extensive-margin labor-supply effects of a Swedish earned income tax credit introduced in 2007. The reform was one of the government's flagship reforms to boost employment, but its actual effects have been widely debated. We exploit the fact that the size of the tax credit is a function of the municipality of residence and income if working, which yields two sources of quasi-experimental variation. The identifying variation, however, turns out to be small and potentially endogenous, which means that the question of whether the reform has delivered the hoped-for effects cannot be credibly answered.

Keyword
labor supply, labor-force participation, tax incentives
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-315084 (URN)10.1628/001522116X14764450192108 (DOI)000391650300006 ()
Available from: 2017-02-09 Created: 2017-02-09 Last updated: 2017-11-21Bibliographically approved
Mörk, E. & Nordin, M. (2016). Voting, Taxes and Heterogeneous Preferences: Evidence from Swedish Local Elections. .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Voting, Taxes and Heterogeneous Preferences: Evidence from Swedish Local Elections
2016 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A standard finding in the literature on political agency is that voters punish incumbents who raise taxes. Typically, only the reaction of a representative voter is considered, with the notion that all voters dislike high taxes because the revenue is, at least on the margin, spent on rent-seeking activities. In this paper we question this interpretation by considering the heterogeneous responses to tax changes in the electorate. Using high-quality panel survey data from Swedish local politics we find that voters who, ex ante, prefer a small public sector punish incumbents who raise taxes, while voters who prefer a large public sector actually reward tax hikes. This result holds also conditional on individuals’ past voting behavior and for voters who have low condence in politicians, indicating that Swedish voters interpret tax changes based on their own policy preferences, rather than as going to wasteful activities.

Publisher
30 p.
Series
Working paper / Department of Economics, Uppsala University (Online), ISSN 1653-6975 ; 2016:5
Keyword
Electoral accountability; local taxation; voter preferences; political agency
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-281791 (URN)
Available from: 2016-03-30 Created: 2016-03-30 Last updated: 2016-11-18Bibliographically approved
Mörk, E., Sjögren, A. & Svaleryd, H. (2014). Parental unemployment and child health. , 60(2).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parental unemployment and child health
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

We analyze to what extent health outcomes of Swedish children are worse among children whose parents become unemployed. To this end we combine Swedish hospitalization data for 1992-2007 for children 3-18 years of age with register data on parental unemployment. We find that children with unemployed parents are 17 percent more likely to be hospitalized than other children, but that most of the difference is driven by selection. A child fixed-effects approach suggests a small effect of parental unemployment on child health.

Publisher
37 p.
Series
Working paper / Department of Economics, Uppsala University (Online), ISSN 1653-6975 ; 2014:2
Keyword
Parental unemployment, child health, human capital
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-224253 (URN)
Available from: 2014-05-07 Created: 2014-05-07 Last updated: 2014-09-08Bibliographically approved
Mörk, E., Sjögren, A. & Svaleryd, H. (2014). Parental Unemployment and Child Health. CESifo Economic Studies, 60(2), 366-401.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parental Unemployment and Child Health
2014 (English)In: CESifo Economic Studies, ISSN 1610-241X, E-ISSN 1612-7501, Vol. 60, no 2, 366-401 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We analyze to what extent health outcomes of Swedish children are worse among children whose parents become unemployed. To this end we combine Swedish hospitalization data for 1992-2007 for children 3-18 years of age with register data on parental unemployment. We find that children with unemployed parents are 17% more likely to be hospitalized than other children, but that most of the difference is driven by selection. A child fixed-effects approach suggests a small effect of parental unemployment on child health. (JEL-codes: I12, J13).

Keyword
parental unemployment, child health, human capital
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-231507 (URN)10.1093/cesifo/ifu016 (DOI)000339901600005 ()
Available from: 2014-09-08 Created: 2014-09-08 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Mörk, E., Dahlberg, M. & Lundqvist, H. (2014). Stimulating Local Public Employment: Do General Grants Work?. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 6(1), 167-192.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stimulating Local Public Employment: Do General Grants Work?
2014 (English)In: American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, ISSN 1945-7731, E-ISSN 1945-774X, Vol. 6, no 1, 167-192 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338554 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-10 Created: 2018-01-10 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Mörk, E., Sjögren, A. & Svaleryd, H. (2013). Childcare costs and the demand for children-evidence from a nationwide reform. Journal of Population Economics, 26(1), 33-65.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Childcare costs and the demand for children-evidence from a nationwide reform
2013 (English)In: Journal of Population Economics, ISSN 0933-1433, E-ISSN 1432-1475, Vol. 26, no 1, 33-65 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Exploiting the exogenous variation in user fees caused by a Swedish childcare reform, we are able to identify the causal effect of childcare costs on fertility in a context in which childcare enrollment is almost universal, user fees are low, and labor force participation of mothers is very high. Anticipation of a reduction in childcare costs increased the number of first and higher-order births, but only seemed to affect the timing of second births. For families with many children we also find a marginally significant negative income effect on fertility.

Keyword
Childcare cost, Fertility, Quasi-experiment
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-184871 (URN)10.1007/s00148-011-0399-z (DOI)000310323600003 ()
Available from: 2012-11-21 Created: 2012-11-15 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Edmark, K., Liang, C.-Y., Mörk, E. & Selin, H. (2012). Därför går det inte att utvärdera jobbskatteavdraget. Ekonomisk Debatt (5), 6-16.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Därför går det inte att utvärdera jobbskatteavdraget
2012 (Swedish)In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, no 5, 6-16 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-186933 (URN)
Available from: 2012-11-30 Created: 2012-11-30 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Edmark, K., Liang, C.-Y., Mörk, E. & Selin, H. (2012). Evaluation of the Swedish earned income tax credit. Uppsala: Department of Economics, Uppsala University.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluation of the Swedish earned income tax credit
2012 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Over the last twenty years we have seen an increasing use of in-work tax subsidies to encourage labor supply among low-income groups. In Sweden, a non-targeted earned income tax credit was introduced in 2007, and was reinforced in 2008, 2009 and 2010. The stated motive of the reform was to boost employment; in particular to provide incentives for individuals to go from unemployment to, at least, part-time work. In this paper we try to analyze the extensive margin labor supply effects of the Swedish earned income tax credit reform up to 2008. For identification we exploit the fact that the size of the tax credit, as well as the resulting average tax rate, is a function of the municipality of residence and income if working. However, throughout the analysis we find placebo effects that are similar in size to the estimated reform effects. In addition, the results are sensitive with respect to how we define employment, which is especially true when we analyze different subgroups such as men and women, married and singles. Our conclusion is that the identifying variation is too small and potentially endogenous and that it is therefore not possible to use this variation to perform a quasi-experimental evaluation of the Swedish EITC-reform.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Department of Economics, Uppsala University, 2012. 39 p.
Series
Working paper / Department of Economics, Uppsala University (Online), ISSN 1653-6975 ; 2012:3
Keyword
Labor supply, labor force participation, tax incentives
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-168214 (URN)
Available from: 2012-02-06 Created: 2012-02-06 Last updated: 2013-06-26Bibliographically approved
Dahlberg, M., Mörk, E. & Sorribas Navarro, P. (2011). Do Politicians’ Preferences Matter for Voters’ Voting Decisions?. Uppsala.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do Politicians’ Preferences Matter for Voters’ Voting Decisions?
2011 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Using unique survey data that allows us to observe both voters’ and politicians’ preferences for local public spending as well as voting decisions, this paper tests if voters typically support parties in which the politicians’ preferences are closest to their own. Doing so would be rational for the voters to do if politicians’ preferences matter for policy outcomes, as is the case in e.g. the citizen-candidate model. It is found that this is indeed the case. This finding is in line with theoretical models such as the citizen-candidate model arguing that politicians cannot credibly commit to election platforms that differ from their true policy preferences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: , 2011. 28 p.
Series
Working paper / Department of Economics, Uppsala University (Online), ISSN 1653-6975 ; 2011:10
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-154645 (URN)
Available from: 2011-06-09 Created: 2011-06-08 Last updated: 2013-06-26Bibliographically approved
Mörk, E. (2011). Från försörjningsstöd till arbete – Hur kan vägen underlättas? (Bilaga 11ed.). In: Välfärdsstaten i arbete – Inkomsttrygghet och omfördelning med incitament till arbete: SOU 2011:2 (pp. 193-262). Fritzes.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Från försörjningsstöd till arbete – Hur kan vägen underlättas?
2011 (Swedish)In: Välfärdsstaten i arbete – Inkomsttrygghet och omfördelning med incitament till arbete: SOU 2011:2, Fritzes , 2011, Bilaga 11, 193-262 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Fritzes, 2011 Edition: Bilaga 11
Series
SOU, 2011:2
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-186935 (URN)
Available from: 2012-11-30 Created: 2012-11-30 Last updated: 2013-06-26Bibliographically approved
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