uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Publications (10 of 75) Show all publications
Dalberg, T., Börjesson, M. & Broady, D. (2019). A Reversed Order: Expansion and Differentiation of Social Sciences and Humanities in Sweden 1945–2015. In: Fleck, Christian; Duller, Matthias; Karády, Victor (Ed.), Shaping Human Science Disciplines: Institutional Developments in Europe and Beyond (pp. 247-287). Cham: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Reversed Order: Expansion and Differentiation of Social Sciences and Humanities in Sweden 1945–2015
2019 (English)In: Shaping Human Science Disciplines: Institutional Developments in Europe and Beyond / [ed] Fleck, Christian; Duller, Matthias; Karády, Victor, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 247-287Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Swedish social sciences and humanities have expanded dramatically since 1945. The augmentation has been especially strong in the 1950s, the 1960s and the 1990s, coinciding with transitions from elite to mass to universal higher education. However, the expansion has been very uneven. The social sciences have surpassed the humanities in a number of aspects such as student enrolment, research financing and demand for their expert knowledge. Thus, a long-established order has been reversed. Our main conclusion is that the differentiated path the disciplines take is explained largely by their altered position in the field of higher education and changing demands from the labor market as well as the strengthened link between the expansion of the welfare state and the social sciences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019
Series
Socio-Historical Studies of the Social and Human Sciences ; 2
Keywords
Swedish higher education fields, Morphological transformations, Reforms, Welfare state
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology of Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-361780 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-92780-0_7 (DOI)978-3-319-92779-4 (ISBN)978-3-319-92780-0 (ISBN)
Projects
Svensk högre utbildning: finansiering, organisering, rekrytering, utfall 1950-2020
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-04746
Available from: 2018-09-27 Created: 2018-09-27 Last updated: 2018-12-13Bibliographically approved
Bryntesson, A. & Börjesson, M. (2019). Internationella studenter i Sverige: Avgiftsreformens påverkan på inflödet av studenter. Stockholm: Elanders Sverige AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Internationella studenter i Sverige: Avgiftsreformens påverkan på inflödet av studenter
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In the autumn of 2011, Sweden introduced tuition fees for third country free-mover students, i.e. students from outside the EEA and Switzerland who apply to Swedish higher education institutions (HEIs) independently, outside the framework of exchange programmes. This report interprets this as part of an ideological shift that has taken place within Swedish internationalisation policy. The emphasis in this policy has shifted over time, from a development aid perspective, through a discourse on diversity as a driver for enhanced quality, and later towards a competition centred perspective in line with international trends, where HEIs are viewed as educational goods producers who compete to attract international students on a global market.

This report describes the changes in the inflow of students that took place when tuition fees were introduced, which followed a period in which there had been a significant increase in the number of incoming students. It was already well documented that the number of newly arriving students pertaining to the group targeted by fees initially dropped by four fifths when fees were introduced. Instead, this report maps out how the composition of the group of incoming students changed with respect to fields of study as well as the students’ geographical origin and the economic, political and cultural character of their countries of origin. The changes are then analysed in relation to the goals and values that were emphasised in Swedish policy regarding the internationalisation of higher education, in particular those highlighted in the national strategy for internationalisation from 2005, and in the bill introducing tuition fees and new scholarships.

The report shows that the proportions of third country students with certain types of origin or fields of study changed in several ways, since the number of students in some groups dropped more so than in others. In the group targeted by fees, the number of students from wealthier, Christian and politically free countries dropped less than the average of the group as a whole. Simultaneously, the number of students from poorer and non-Christian countries dropped more than average. However, as the number of third country free-mover students gradually began to recover, the number of students in the most affected groups were among those that increased the fastest.

Furthermore, there was a shift in the relative proportions of free-mover and exchange students in the third country student population in Sweden. The exchange student group came to make up a larger part than before, as the number of free-mover students dropped. This, in turn, was linked to an altered geographical representation. After the fee introduction, Western students came to make up a larger share of the incoming third country students, while students from several countries in southern Asia, eastern Europe and parts of Africa came to make up a smaller proportion.

At the same time, changes in the inflow of students meant that sciences and technology lost more students than humanities and social sciences, both in absolute numbers and as a share of the incoming students. As the number of incoming students began to increase again during the years after the fee introduction, the number of students in sciences and technology began to recover.

Based on the political aims and values concerning diversity of backgrounds and perspectives, poverty reduction, democratic development, and domestic undersupply of labour in technology and research, the above-mentioned changes were problematic. The national strategy for internationalisation emphasised diversity of perspectives and experiences among the students as a means to increase the quality of education. Such conditions, in terms of diversity, worsened as the student population became less heterogeneous. Furthermore, the reduction of students from developing countries impeded the development aid goal of fighting poverty and assisting democratic development in the students’ countries of origin. The changes were also negative regarding the notion that incoming students within certain disciplines should be encouraged to remain in Sweden after graduation, in order to meet the demand for skilled labour.

On the other hand, after the fee introduction, HEIs may have been forced to make more of an effort in order to be internationally competitive, since it has clearly become more challenging to recruit third country students. Based on a logic of incentives, such pressure is a driver for increased quality. However, many of the disadvantages that Swedish HEIs face in international competition, such as the local language, climate, housing and labour market, lie outside the power of HEIs to change. The current tuition fee system does not formally leave much room for adjusting the price according to the status and attractiveness of particular programmes or courses. It is possible that high status institutions or programmes would stand to gain from charging higher fees, since price is sometimes perceived by students as an indication of quality.

A key result in the report is that the presence of students from the poorest countries, and those that Sweden has a long-term development cooperation with, could only be maintained thanks to scholarships from the Swedish Institute. In absolute terms, this group of students did not drop much more in numbers than the average of the group, i.e. with around four fifths. Without scholarships, however, only a tiny fraction of the incoming students would likely originate from these countries. This means that the power of Swedish authorities and scholarship organisations over the flows of students from the weakest economies has grown. In other words, the direct political influence on these flows has increased. The scholarship programme would probably have to be expanded at a pace equal to the increase in the number of incoming students, if the proportion of students from the poorest countries is to be maintained at the same level.

Another question concerns how we should understand the changes that the report documents. The increasing number of incoming students during the first decade of the 21st century could be interpreted in relation to the global development. Not only did the number of free-mover students increase globally, but on top of that, Sweden’s attractiveness to students was probably strengthened relative to other countries when several of them introduced tuition fees or increased already existing ones. Right before the fees were introduced in Sweden, knowledge of this change may also have, to some extent, increased the attractiveness of a Swedish education. The fact that the introduction of Swedish tuition fees was followed by such a large reduction in the number of third country students could simultaneously be seen as an indication that the majority of the Swedish HEIs could not compete as equals with the HEIs in the most market-oriented countries. To a large extent, this is probably due to the aforementioned factors that the Swedish HEIs cannot themselves change, such as the language spoken in the country. English speaking countries automatically have an advantage in the competition for international students.

Finally, it is clear that the internationalisation of higher education is an area where policy often has a very direct and significant impact on what takes place in the concerned institutions. The introduction of tuition fees has clearly affected which international students study in Sweden, and the composition of this group. Economic means of control are undoubtedly powerful in this area. It is, however, a complex question in what way such means are to be used to achieve specific goals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Elanders Sverige AB, 2019. p. 103
Series
Delmi rapport ; 2019:4
Keywords
International student mobility, Migration, Higher Education, Tuition Fees, Diversity, Educational Policy, Internationell studentmobilitet, Migration, Högre utbildning, Studieavgifter, Mångfald, Utbildningspolitik
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology of Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-385709 (URN)978-91-88021-39-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-06-16 Created: 2019-06-16 Last updated: 2019-06-16
Åkerlund, A., Börjesson, M. & Collsiöö, A. (2018). Akademiskt utbyte och internationell migration: En studie av stipendiater inom Svenska institutets stipendieprogram 1997-2015. Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Akademiskt utbyte och internationell migration: En studie av stipendiater inom Svenska institutets stipendieprogram 1997-2015
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Akademisk mobilitet är en aspekt av internationell migration, som sällan får samma uppmärksamhet som flykt eller arbetskraftsmigration. Denna mobilitet möjliggörs ofta genom stipendier, och i Sverige är Svenska institutet en av de viktigaste stipendiegivarna. Föreliggande rapport handlar om personer som fått ett mobilitetsstipendium inom Visbyprogrammet. Programmet har funnits sedan 1997 och är inriktat mot länder i östra Europa. Ur ett migrationsperspektiv är dessa stipendiater en intressant grupp vad gäller migrationsmönster och internationella nätverk.

Stipendieutdelning är en av många faktorer som är med och formar internationella migrationsflöden. Det innebär att de regler som svenska staten ställer upp för sina stipendier i kombination med Svenska institutets praktiska hantering av samma stipendier påverkar migrationen, då de gör internationell akademisk mobilitet möjlig för vissa specifika grupper. Över tid har Visbyprogrammet gått från att ha en näringslivsfrämjande, biståndspolitisk och tillväxtskapande inriktning till att handla om regionalt samarbete, avspänning och social utveckling. Programmet tillhör alltså tre politikområden, nämligen a) bistånds- och utvecklingsarbete, b) internationaliseringen av den högre utbildningen och c) offentlig diplomati, främjandet av Sverige och svensk ekonomi.

Inom existerande forskning är det mycket ovanligt att ovan nämnda politikområden relateras till varandra. Studiens utgångspunkt är dock att relationen dem emellan är grundläggande för att förstå Visbyprogrammet. Utifrån detta antagande undersöks fem olika områden. Först och främst i vilken utsträckning stipendiaterna utgör en viktig resurs för ekonomin, politiken eller forskningen i sina hemländer (1), i vilken mån stipendiaterna fortfarande är förbundna med Sverige och det svenska samhället eller till och med är bosatta i Sverige och verksamma på svensk arbetsmarknad (2), samt om stipendiaterna flyttat vidare till andra länder och en internationell arbetsmarknad (3). Därutöver undersöks även i vilken utsträckning stipendierna skapar ett utbildningskapital, ett språkligt kapital och ett svenskt symboliskt kapital (4), samt hur stipendiaterna själva värderar sin stipendievistelse och de primäramotiven för att söka sig till Sverige (5).

Som underlag för den aktuella studien genomfördes en enkätundersökning med tidigarelångtidsstipendiater inom Visbyprogrammet. Enkäten innehöll 34 frågor ochbesvarades av total 482 personer. Huvudresultaten är att stipendiatsgruppen harförändrats mellan 1997 och 2015. Från att initialt ha kommit från Baltikum, Polenoch Ryssland, kommer dagens stipendiater företrädelsevis från Ukraina, Rysslandoch Vitryssland. Dessutom har stipendiaternas ämnesinriktning förskjutits frånteknik och naturvetenskap mot samhällsvetenskap och humaniora. Orsaken tilldetta är att ekonomi och tillväxt tonats ned inom Visbyprogrammet till förmånför säkerhetspolitik och bistånd. Ett politiskt formulerat stipendieprogram som Visbyprogrammet och en mediär som Svenska institutet, har därmed en stor betydelseför hur den internationella student- och forskarmobiliteten ser ut och hur den varierar över tid.

Ett annat centralt resultat är att stipendieperioden öppnar upp för tre olika livsbanor. Majoriteten av respondenterna flyttade tillbaka till sina hemländer (50 procent)medan mer än en på fyra (27 procent) bodde kvar i Sverige. En nästan lika stor grupp (23 procent) bosatte sig istället i ett tredje land, vanligtvis ett västeuropeiskt land eller USA. Samma mönster syns även om man ser till de länder där respondenterna bott en kortare period efter stipendieperioden. En vistelse i Sverige genererar alltså utbildningskapital som även har ett värde i andra länder. Visbystipendierna fungerar som en viktig del i en såväl socialt uppåtstigande som geografisk mobilitetsrörelse.Den främsta pullfaktorn för att söka sig till just Sverige var dock existensen av stipendierna och den ekonomiska säkerhet de innebär. En övervägande majoritet av stipendiaterna uppskattar att tiden i Sverige har haft en avgörandebetydelse för deras vidare karriär, men också att de har kunnat etablera stabila kontakter mellan Sverige och ursprungslandet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2018. p. 116
Series
Delmi Rapport ; 2018:2
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology of Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-358067 (URN)978-91-88021-28-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-08-24 Created: 2018-08-24 Last updated: 2018-08-27Bibliographically approved
Bryntesson, A., Börjesson, M. & Haru, A. (2018). From Sweden with Erasmus+: The experiences, practices and preferences of outgoing exchange students. Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From Sweden with Erasmus+: The experiences, practices and preferences of outgoing exchange students
2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2018. p. 89
Series
UHR Report Series ; 2018:13
Keywords
Student Mobility, Higher Education, Internationalisation, Exchange Studies, European Union, Geometric Data Analysis, Multiple Correspondence Analysis
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology of Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-379868 (URN)978-91-7561-060-3 (ISBN)
Note

Report written for UHR by the Swedish Centre for Studies of the Internationalisation of Higher Education at Uppsala University.

Available from: 2019-03-21 Created: 2019-03-21 Last updated: 2019-07-01Bibliographically approved
Bryntesson, A., Börjesson, M. & Haru, A. (2018). Från Sverige med Erasmus+: Utresande utbytesstudenters upplevelser, praktiker och preferenser. Stockholm: Universitets- och högskolerådet (UHR)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Från Sverige med Erasmus+: Utresande utbytesstudenters upplevelser, praktiker och preferenser
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Universitets- och högskolerådet (UHR), 2018. p. 79
Series
UHR:s rapportserie ; 2018:11
Keywords
Studentmobilitet, Högre utbildning, Internationalisering, Utbytesstudier, Europeiska unionen, Geometrisk dataanalys, Multipel korrespondensanalys
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology of Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-364416 (URN)978-91-7561-058-0 (ISBN)
Note

Rapport skriven av Forum för studier av den högre utbildningens internationalisering (SIHE) på uppdrag av UHR.

Available from: 2018-10-26 Created: 2018-10-26 Last updated: 2019-06-11Bibliographically approved
Börjesson, M. (2018). Rummet av kultur- och medievanor i Sverige 2015. Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rummet av kultur- och medievanor i Sverige 2015
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2018. p. 53
Series
Kulturfakta ; 2018:3
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology of Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-358066 (URN)978-91-87046-55-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-08-24 Created: 2018-08-24 Last updated: 2018-08-30Bibliographically approved
Börjesson, M. (2017). Det svenska gymnasiefältet: Ett exempel på utbildningssociologiska studier i Sverige (4ed.). In: Ulf P. Lundgren, Roger Säljö, Caroline Liberg (Ed.), Lärande, skola, bildning: (pp. 415-432). Stockholm: Natur och kultur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Det svenska gymnasiefältet: Ett exempel på utbildningssociologiska studier i Sverige
2017 (Swedish)In: Lärande, skola, bildning / [ed] Ulf P. Lundgren, Roger Säljö, Caroline Liberg, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2017, 4, p. 415-432Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2017 Edition: 4
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology of Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-358763 (URN)9789127818408 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-08-31 Created: 2018-08-31 Last updated: 2019-01-02Bibliographically approved
Forsberg, H., Palme, M. & Börjesson, M. (2017). Le marché de l’éducation et la structure sociale: La transformation de l’enseignement secondaire supérieur suédois à la veille desréformes du libre choix. Esprit Critique: revue internationale de sociologie et de sciences sociales, 27(1), 23-36
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Le marché de l’éducation et la structure sociale: La transformation de l’enseignement secondaire supérieur suédois à la veille desréformes du libre choix
2017 (French)In: Esprit Critique: revue internationale de sociologie et de sciences sociales, ISSN 1705-1045, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 23-36Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology of Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338673 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-11 Created: 2018-01-11 Last updated: 2018-02-08Bibliographically approved
Börjesson, M. (2017). The global space of international students in 2010. Journal of ethnic and migration studies, 43(8), 1256-1275
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The global space of international students in 2010
2017 (English)In: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, ISSN 1369-183X, E-ISSN 1469-9451, Vol. 43, no 8, p. 1256-1275Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

International students have become an increasingly importantresearch object–not only on the basis of the overall expansionand importance of international students in higher education andin national economic policies, but also since they constitute astrategicresearch object for understanding the global landscapeof higher education. By using correspondence analysis on a dataset on countries of destination and regions of origin, the globalspace of international students is depicted. The analysis reveals astructure with three main poles, a Pacific pole, a Central Europeanone and a French/Iberian one. The three poles correspond tothree different logics of recruitment: a market logic, a proximitylogic and a colonial logic. The three poles and logics are alsorelated to linguistic structures. The Pacific/Market pole isdominated by English, while the Central European pole hasGerman and Slavic languages as a common denominator, and theFrench and Iberian pole has French, Spanish and Portuguese incommon with their former colonies. It is argued that the Pacific/Market pole is the dominating pole in the space due to the highconcentration of resources of different sorts, including economic,political, educational, scientific and not least, linguistic assets.

Keywords
International students; higher education; space; correspondence analysis; Bourdieu
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology of Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-321980 (URN)10.1080/1369183X.2017.1300228 (DOI)000400788900002 ()
Projects
Domestic Arenas of Internationalization. Swedish Higher Education and International Students, 1945 ‒ 2015‘ Transnational Strategies within Higher Education. Sweden ’ s Relations to France and the US, 1919 ‒ 2009
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2010-5347Swedish Research Council, 2006-2451
Available from: 2017-05-15 Created: 2017-05-15 Last updated: 2017-06-14Bibliographically approved
Börjesson, M., Broady, D., Le Roux, B., Lidegran, I. & Palme, M. (2016). Cultural capital in the elite subfield of Swedish higher education. Poetics (Amsterdam. Print)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cultural capital in the elite subfield of Swedish higher education
Show others...
2016 (English)In: Poetics (Amsterdam. Print), ISSN 0304-422X, E-ISSN 1872-7514Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The idea of a strong tie between culture and education, advocated by Bourdieu and his colleagues from the 1960s, is in this article explored in detail by investigating cultural capital in both its embodied state, expressed in tastes and cultural practices among students in the elite subfield of Swedish higher education, and its institutionalised state, through an analysis of the same students’ enrolment patterns. By applying Specific MCA to a questionnaire answered by 1152 students at 20 socially and scholarly selective programmes we identify three main dimensions in the space of lifestyles. The first dimension separates advanced and legitimate cultural practices and tastes from mainstream ones. In a second dimension, elaborate and often costly body-oriented practices in training or clothing are distinguished from a more ascetic lifestyle. The third dimension opposes a pole of establishment from a pole of non-establishment. The study programmes are well dispersed in the space of lifestyles, which suggests a close relation between embodied and institutionalised states of cultural capital. We finally argue that the pursuit of field-specific capital best explains this dispersion: the future trajectories into specific regions of the field of power tend to correspond to distinct lifestyles of various categories of elite students.

Keywords
Cultural capital, Lifestyles, Geometric data analysis, Swedish higher education, Elite education
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology of Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-288342 (URN)10.1016/j.poetic.2016.02.004 (DOI)
Projects
The Struggle for Students. The Swedish Field of Higher Education and the Recruitment Strategies of the Institutions
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2001-4772
Available from: 2016-04-27 Created: 2016-04-27 Last updated: 2017-11-30
Projects
Transnational Strategies in Higher Education and Professional Fields. The Cases of Law, Science, and Art (EDUCULT -08) [2008-1059_VR]; Uppsala University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3683-3146

Search in DiVA

Show all publications