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Lindahl, Erica
Publications (8 of 8) Show all publications
Runeson, C. & Lindahl, E. (2017). Illness-related absence among preschool children: Insights from a health intervention in Swedish preschools. Journal of Health Economics, 56, 191-200
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Illness-related absence among preschool children: Insights from a health intervention in Swedish preschools
2017 (English)In: Journal of Health Economics, ISSN 0167-6296, E-ISSN 1879-1646, Vol. 56, p. 191-200Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We evaluate the effect of a preschool health intervention aimed at reducing infections through improved hygiene practices and training of the staff. The large-scale design enables us to study heterogeneous effects with respect to several child and preschool characteristics that are related to the level of illness-related absence. We find no reduction, on average, in children's illness-related absence. This conclusion holds across different age groups of preschool children, and for preschools with varying levels of absence before the intervention. We find some suggestive evidence that the intervention may have induced effects operating in different directions: while improved hygiene practices may have reduced illness, stricter guidelines regarding absence during infections seems to have contributed to an increased absence level, resulting in an overall zero effect. Overall, our results suggest that reducing absence through improved hygiene practices is not easily accomplished in a child care setting. (c) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
Keywords
Preschool, Absence due to illness
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-345215 (URN)10.1016/j.jhealeco.2017.10.004 (DOI)000423004100014 ()29111499 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Social Insurance Agency
Available from: 2018-03-09 Created: 2018-03-09 Last updated: 2019-09-20Bibliographically approved
Lindahl, E. (2016). Are teacher assessments biased?: evidence from Sweden. Education Economics, 24(2), 224-238
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are teacher assessments biased?: evidence from Sweden
2016 (English)In: Education Economics, ISSN 0964-5292, E-ISSN 1469-5782, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 224-238Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates if the probability of being graded up in the school leaving certificates increases if the teacher is of the same gender as the student or if the teacher and the student both have a foreign background. The analysis is based on data on grade 9 students in Mathematics from Sweden. I find that female students and non-native students perform better on national test results if the teacher is of the same gender or also is non-native, respectively. The probability of being graded up is less likely if the student and the teacher are of the same gender.

Keywords
teacher assessments, gender gap, natural experiments
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-282394 (URN)10.1080/09645292.2015.1014882 (DOI)000371143800006 ()
Available from: 2016-04-05 Created: 2016-04-05 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Angelov, N., Johansson, P. & Lindahl, E. (2016). Parenthood and the Gender Gap in Pay. Journal of Labor Economics, 34(3), 545-579
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parenthood and the Gender Gap in Pay
2016 (English)In: Journal of Labor Economics, ISSN 0734-306X, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 545-579Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We compare the income and wage trajectories of women to those of their male partners before and after parenthood. Focusing on the within-couple gap allows us to control for both observed and unobserved attributes of the spouse and to estimate both short-and long-term effects of entering parenthood. We find that 15 years after the first child has been born, the male-female gender gaps in income and wages have increased by 32 and 10 percentage points, respectively. In line with a collective labor supply model, the magnitude of these effects depends on counterfactual relative incomes or wages within the family.

National Category
Probability Theory and Statistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-288361 (URN)000378091200001 ()
Available from: 2016-04-27 Created: 2016-04-27 Last updated: 2016-07-27Bibliographically approved
Leijon, O., Lindahl, E., Toren, K., Vingård, E. & Josephson, M. (2014). First-time decisions regarding work injury annuity due to occupational disease: a gender perspective. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 71(2), 147-153
Open this publication in new window or tab >>First-time decisions regarding work injury annuity due to occupational disease: a gender perspective
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2014 (English)In: Occupational and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 1351-0711, E-ISSN 1470-7926, Vol. 71, no 2, p. 147-153Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives This study presents an investigation of first-time decisions regarding work injury annuity due to occupational disease. Focus is a number of potential underlying factors behind the gender gap, where women are disadvantaged, in the granting of work injury annuity. Methods All 99 subjects (80 men and 19 women) who met the conditions of long-lasting reduction of work ability due to occupational disease (not occupational accident) in the Swedish Work Injury Insurance Act and were granted work injury annuity in 2010, together with a random sample of 118 subjects (55 men and 63 women) who were denied annuity in the same year, were selected for analysis. Each subject's case file from the Social Insurance Agency was examined with regards to cause of disease, diagnosis and the Social Insurance Agency's management and decision making of claims. The data were analysed by logistic regression analysis. Results Men had a higher probability of being granted work injury annuity than women for musculoskeletal disorders (OR 4.16), mental disorders (OR 7.93) and diseases in other diagnostic chapters (OR 3.65). After adjustment for age, country of birth, diagnosis, work exposure factors and decision support factors, the higher probability for men of being granted work injury annuity remained (full model: OR 2.67, 95% Cl 1.20 to 5.94). Conclusions Actions are necessary in order to establish equitable and gender-neutral treatment of work injury insurance claims. There is a need for more detailed knowledge of exposures in female-dominated jobs and the relationship between these exposures and occupational disease.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-219193 (URN)10.1136/oemed-2013-101489 (DOI)000330108100013 ()
Available from: 2014-02-25 Created: 2014-02-24 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Johansson, P. & Lindahl, E. (2013). Can sickness absence be affected by information meetings?: Evidence from a social experiment. Empirical Economics, 44(3), 1673-1695
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Can sickness absence be affected by information meetings?: Evidence from a social experiment
2013 (English)In: Empirical Economics, ISSN 0377-7332, E-ISSN 1435-8921, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 1673-1695Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During the last decade several empirical studies have stressed the importance of norms and social interactions for explaining sickness-absence behavior. In this context, public discussions about the intentions of the insurance, and of the rights and duties of the receivers, may be important for reducing the sickness absence. In this article, we study whether information meetings about the Swedish sickness insurance affect the length of sickness-absence spells. The study is based on experimental data on individuals with weak labor market attachments. The displacement of when the call to the meeting was sent out was randomized. Comparing the survival functions of those called immediately with those whose calls were delayed (by about 30 days) makes it possible to study whether the length of sickness absence is affected by receiving the call earlier. The result suggests that the length is reduced by, on average, 20%. In the long term (12 months later), there is no effect of the information meeting. This suggests that attendance to the information meeting does not change individuals' long-term behavior.

Keywords
Monitoring, Moral hazard, Public social insurance, Survival analysis, Instrumental variables
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-201777 (URN)10.1007/s00181-012-0593-1 (DOI)000318553300029 ()
Available from: 2013-06-17 Created: 2013-06-17 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Johansson, P. & Lindahl, E. (2012). Locking-In Effects Due to Early Interventions?: An Evaluation of a Multidisciplinary Screening Programs for Avoiding Long-Term Sickness. Evaluation review, 36(5), 323-345
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Locking-In Effects Due to Early Interventions?: An Evaluation of a Multidisciplinary Screening Programs for Avoiding Long-Term Sickness
2012 (English)In: Evaluation review, ISSN 0193-841X, E-ISSN 1552-3926, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 323-345Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: In this article, we estimate the effect of a multidisciplinary collaborationprogram on the length of sickness absence. The intention with the program was to avoid long-term sickness absence by providing an early and holistic evaluation of the sick-listed individuals' conditions. The target group was individuals who were at risk of becoming long-term sick. The eligibility criteria were mainly based on register information that we have access to. Methods: Using this register information, we estimate different Cox regression models and apply a nonparametric matching estimator. We have also conducted a small randomized experiment. Results: The result from the randomized experiment is not statistically significant, but the point estimate provides the same result as was found in the observational study: The program prolongs rather than shortens the sickness absence spell. That is, the average sickness absence spell is prolonged by about 3 months. Conclusions: Our main explanation for this discouraging result is that the team focuses too much on rehabilitation rather than encouraging the sick-listed individual to return to work.

Keywords
physiotherapist, psychology, diagnosis, rehabilitation, Cox proportional hazard models, stratified Cox regression
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-200837 (URN)10.1177/0193841X12466663 (DOI)000318351000001 ()
Available from: 2013-06-04 Created: 2013-06-04 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Anderzén, I., Demmelmaier, I., Hansson, A.-S., Johansson, P., Lindahl, E. & Winblad, U. (2008). Samverkan i Resursteam: effekter på organisation, hälsa och sjukskrivning. Uppsala: IFAU
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Samverkan i Resursteam: effekter på organisation, hälsa och sjukskrivning
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2008 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Vi utvärderar samverkansformen Resursteam, som bedrivits som ett försök för att minska långa sjukskrivningar. Resursteam innebär att ett team med hand-läggare från Försäkringskassan, husläkare, sjukgymnast och beteendevetare, vid regelbundna möten bedömer sjukskrivna personers rehabiliteringsbehov och ger förslag på åtgärder. Det övergripande syftet är att skatta effekten av Resursteam på den försäkrades sjukskrivningslängd och självskattade hälsa. Vi har genomfört (i) en kartläggning av verksamheten, (ii) en enkätstudie till sjuk-skrivna som deltagit i Resursteam och till jämförelsepersoner samt (ii) skattat effekten av Resursteam på självskattad hälsa och sjukskrivning. Resultaten är entydiga och visar på inga eller negativa effekter för de personer som ingått i Resursteam. Som exempel kan nämnas att tiden i sjukskrivning förlängs med cirka 20 procent i genomsnitt.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: IFAU, 2008. p. 119
Series
Rapporter IFAU, ISSN 1651-1158 ; 2008:8
National Category
Economics Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-113486 (URN)
Available from: 2010-01-29 Created: 2010-01-29 Last updated: 2014-03-13
Lindahl, E. & Westermark, A. (2006). Soft Budget Constraints as a Risk Sharing Arrangement in an Economic Federation. Uppsala: Department of Economics, Uppsala University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Soft Budget Constraints as a Risk Sharing Arrangement in an Economic Federation
2006 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

We analyze a model where the federal government provides risk sharing arrangements to municipalities investing in a local public good. The risk sharing arrangements are an income equalization system and a system allowing for a soft budget constraint, i.e., a bailout. Our main result is that a bailout system in combination with income equalization can be a more efficient risk sharing arrangement than an income equalization system only. Thus, the introduction of a bailout system is welfare improving.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Department of Economics, Uppsala University, 2006
Series
Working paper / Department of Economics, Uppsala University (Online), ISSN 1653-6975 ; 2006:5
Keywords
Bailout, Fiscal federalism
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-83071 (URN)
Available from: 2006-10-16 Created: 2006-10-16 Last updated: 2013-11-20Bibliographically approved
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