uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Nordström Skans, Oskar
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 24) Show all publications
Björklund, M., Carlsson, M. & Nordström Skans, O. (2016). Fixed Wage Contracts and Monetary Non-Neutrality. Uppsala
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fixed Wage Contracts and Monetary Non-Neutrality
2016 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

We study the importance of wage rigidities for the monetary policy transmissionmechanism. Using uniquely rich micro data on Swedish wage negotiations,we isolate periods when the labor market is covered by xed wagecontracts. Importantly, negotiations are coordinated in time but their seasonalpatterns are far from deterministic. Using a VAR model, we documentthat monetary policy shocks have a substantially larger impact on productionduring xed wage episodes as compared to the average response. The resultsare not driven by the periodic structure, nor the seasonality, of the renegotiationepisodes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: , 2016. p. 30
Series
Working paper / Department of Economics, Uppsala University (Online), ISSN 1653-6975 ; 2016:10
Keyword
Monetary Policy, Wages, Nominal rigidities, Micro-data
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-301159 (URN)
Available from: 2016-08-18 Created: 2016-08-18 Last updated: 2018-06-05Bibliographically approved
Lundin, M., Nordström-Skans, O. & Zetterberg, P. (2016). Leadership Experiences within Civil Organizations and Candidacy in Public Elections: Causal Evidence from a Quasi-Experimental Approach. Political Behavior, 38(2), 433-454
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Leadership Experiences within Civil Organizations and Candidacy in Public Elections: Causal Evidence from a Quasi-Experimental Approach
2016 (English)In: Political Behavior, ISSN 0190-9320, E-ISSN 1573-6687, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 433-454Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Standing as a candidate in public elections has been characterized as the ultimate act of political participation. We test the hypothesis that acquiring office within civil organizations increases the probability of becoming a candidate in public elections. In order to take self-selection problems into account, we provide quasi-experimental evidence using election discontinuities, in which we compare the likelihood of being nominated for public office between closely ranked winners and losers in Swedish student union (SU) elections. Our original data cover 5,000 SU candidates and register data on their candidacies in public elections (1991–2010). The analysis provides support to the hypothesis: Students elected to SU councils were about 34 percent (6 percentage points) more likely to become a candidate in a public election than SU council candidates who were not elected. The causal impact is fairly stable over time. The analysis makes important contributions to two interrelated bodies of literature: First, it provides political recruitment literature with causal evidence that acquiring leadership experiences at arenas outside of representative democ­ratic institutions facilitate entry into election processes. Second, it provides strong evidence to an increasingly contested issue within political participation research by showing that certain organizational activities increase individuals’ political involvement.

National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-270193 (URN)10.1007/s11109-015-9320-x (DOI)000374964200008 ()
Projects
Kåren och karriären: Kausala effekter av studentpolitiskt engagemang
Funder
Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU), 148/09
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Åslund, O., Bohlmark, A. & Nordström, O. S. (2015). Childhood and family experiences and the social integration of young migrants. Labour Economics, 35, 135-144
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Childhood and family experiences and the social integration of young migrants
2015 (English)In: Labour Economics, ISSN 0927-5371, E-ISSN 1879-1034, Vol. 35, p. 135-144Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We study how age at migration affects social integration in adulthood. Using Swedish register data, we estimate the effects of age at migration by comparing siblings arriving (as children) at the same time, but at different ages. Migrants who were older when they arrived are less likely to live close to, work with, and marry natives. We also study 2nd generation immigrants and show that parental time in the host country has similar (although somewhat weaker) effects for this group. The effects do not appear to be propagated through socioeconomic status. Instead, preferences or cultural identities appear as key mechanisms.

Keyword
Immigration, Age at migration, Siblings, Assimilation
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-261256 (URN)10.1016/j.labeco.2015.05.004 (DOI)000359031500010 ()
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2013-0645
Available from: 2015-09-01 Created: 2015-08-31 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Rosenqvist, O. & Nordström, O. S. (2015). Confidence enhanced performance? – The causal effects of success on future performance in professional golftournaments. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 117, 281-295
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Confidence enhanced performance? – The causal effects of success on future performance in professional golftournaments
2015 (English)In: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, ISSN 0167-2681, E-ISSN 1879-1751, Vol. 117, p. 281-295Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper provides field evidence on the causal impact of past successes on future performances. Since persistence in success or failure is likely to be linked through, potentially time-varying, ability it is intrinsically difficult to identify the causal effect of succeeding on the probability of performing well in the future. We therefore employ a regression discontinuity design on data from professional golf tournaments exploiting that almost equally skilled players are separated into successes and failures half-way into the tournaments (the “cut”). We show that players who (marginally) succeeded in making the cut substantially increased their performance in subsequent tournaments relative to players who (marginally) failed to make the cut. This success-effect is substantially larger when the subsequent (outcome) tournament involves more prize money. The results therefore suggest that past successes provide an important prerequisite when performing high-stakes tasks.

Keyword
Confidence; Success; Performance; Hot hand; Regression discontinuity design; Golf
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-263248 (URN)10.1016/j.jebo.2015.06.020 (DOI)000361578700019 ()
Available from: 2015-09-29 Created: 2015-09-29 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Åslund, O., Hensvik, L. & Nordström Skans, O. (2014). Seeking Similarity: How Immigrants and Natives Manage in the Labor Market. Journal Labor Economics, 32(3), 405-441
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Seeking Similarity: How Immigrants and Natives Manage in the Labor Market
2014 (English)In: Journal Labor Economics, ISSN 0734-306X, E-ISSN 1537-5307, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 405-441Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We investigate how the interplay between manager and worker origin affects hiring patterns, job separations, and wages. Numerous specifications utilizing a longitudinal matched employer-employee database including 70,000 establishments consistently show that managers are substantially more likely to hire workers of their own origin. Workers who share an origin with their managers earn higher wages and have lower separation rates than dissimilar workers, but this pattern is driven by differences in unobserved worker characteristics. Our findings indicate that the sorting patterns are more likely to be explained by profit-maximizing concerns than by preference-based discrimination.

National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-231312 (URN)10.1086/674985 (DOI)000340135100002 ()
Available from: 2014-09-08 Created: 2014-09-07 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Skans, O. N. & Liljeberg, L. (2014). The wage effects of subsidized career breaks. Empirical Economics, 47(2), 593-617
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The wage effects of subsidized career breaks
2014 (English)In: Empirical Economics, ISSN 0377-7332, E-ISSN 1435-8921, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 593-617Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article studies how subsidized career breaks affect future labor market performance. The analysis uses a Swedish career break program where applications were accepted until local funds were exhausted. The rejected applicants serve as counterfactuals to derive estimates that are unaffected by selection or omitted variables. The estimated wage effect of a 10-month-long break is negative and in the order of 3 % 1-2 years after the interruption. The average applicant is estimated to have substantially lower returns to experience than the average worker. The results thus show that career breaks are costly, even for groups with low expected returns to experience, and in an environment with very compressed wages. The career breaks also induced an increase in job and task mobility whereas post-leave labor supply remained unaffected except for workers close to retirement.

Keyword
Career interruptions, Wages, Experience, Job mobility
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-230925 (URN)10.1007/s00181-013-0757-7 (DOI)000339971300009 ()
Available from: 2014-09-04 Created: 2014-09-01 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Kramarz, F. & Nordström Skans, O. (2014). When Strong Ties are Strong: Networks and Youth Labour Market Entry. The Review of Economic Studies, 81(3), 1164-1200
Open this publication in new window or tab >>When Strong Ties are Strong: Networks and Youth Labour Market Entry
2014 (English)In: The Review of Economic Studies, ISSN 0034-6527, E-ISSN 1467-937X, Vol. 81, no 3, p. 1164-1200Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The conditions under which young workers find their first real post-graduation jobs are important for their future careers and insufficiently documented given their potential importance for young workers welfare. To study these conditions, and in particular the role played by social ties, we use a Swedish population-wide linked employer-employee data set of graduates from all levels of schooling that includes detailed information on family ties, neighbourhoods, schools, class composition, and parents' and children's employers over a period covering years with both high and low unemployment, together with measures of firm performance. We find that strong social ties (parents) are an important determinant for where young workers find their first job. The effects are larger if the graduate's position is "weak" (low education, bad grades), during high unemployment years, and when information on potential openings are likely to be scarce. On the hiring side, by contrast, the effects are larger if the parent's position is "strong" (long tenure, high wage) and if the parent's plant is more productive. The youths appear to benefit from the use of strong social ties through faster access to jobs and by better labour market outcomes as measured a few years after entry. In particular, workers finding their entry jobs through strong social ties are considerably more likely to remain in this job, while experiencing better wage growth than other entrants in the same plant. Firms also appear to benefit from these wage costs (relative to comparable entrants) starting at a lower base. They also benefit on the parents' side; parents' wage growth drops dramatically exactly at the entry of one of their children in the plant, although this is a moment when firm profits tend to be growing. Indeed, the firm-side benefits appear large enough for (at least small) firms to increase job creation at the entry level in years when a child of one of their employees graduates.

Keyword
Social Ties, Networks, Family, Classmates, Neighbors
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-231317 (URN)10.1093/restud/rdt049 (DOI)000340047800009 ()
Available from: 2014-09-08 Created: 2014-09-07 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Bennmarker, H., Skans, O. N. & Vikman, U. (2013). Workfare for the old and long-term unemployed. Labour Economics, 25, 25-34
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Workfare for the old and long-term unemployed
2013 (English)In: Labour Economics, ISSN 0927-5371, E-ISSN 1879-1034, Vol. 25, p. 25-34Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We estimate the effects of conditioning benefits on program participation among older long-term unemployed workers. We exploit a Swedish reform which reduced UI duration from 90 to 60 weeks for a group of older unemployed workers in a setting where workers who exhausted their benefits received unchanged transfers if they agreed to participate in a work practice program. Our results show that job finding increased as a result of the shorter duration of passive benefits. The time profile of the job-finding effects suggests that the results are due to deterrence during the program-entry phase. We find no impact on ensuing job durations or wages, suggesting that the increased job-finding rate was driven by increased search intensity rather than lower reservation wages. A crude cost-benefit analysis suggests that the reform reduced the combined cost of programs and transfers.

Keyword
Activation, Program evaluation, UI, Duration
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-213916 (URN)10.1016/j.labeco.2013.04.008 (DOI)000327684900003 ()
Available from: 2014-01-06 Created: 2014-01-05 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Åslund, O. & Nordström Skans, O. (2012). Do anonymous job application procedures level the playing field?. Industrial & labor relations review, 65(1), 82-107
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do anonymous job application procedures level the playing field?
2012 (English)In: Industrial & labor relations review, ISSN 0019-7939, E-ISSN 2162-271X, Vol. 65, no 1, p. 82-107Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite anti-discrimination legislation and the potential for hefty fines, labor market discrimination remains an issue for ethnic minorities and women, particularly in the recruitment and screening process. The apparent failure of legal and voluntary interventions has created a call for anonymous application procedures (AAP), in which key identifying data is hidden from recruiters in the initial recruiting process. Using unusually rich Swedish data on actual applications and recruitments, the authors show that AAP increased the chances of both women and individuals of non-Western origin of advancing to the interview stage. In addition, results show that women experienced an increased probability of being offered a job under AAP. However, applicants belonging to ethnic minorities were equally disadvantaged in terms of job offers under conventional and anonymous hiring procedures, suggesting that racial and ethnic discrimination may be harder to circumvent than gender discrimination.

National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-169976 (URN)000299987300005 ()
Available from: 2012-03-08 Created: 2012-03-07 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Carlsson, M. & Nordström Skans, O. (2012). Evaluating Microfoundations for Aggregate Price Rigidities: Evidence from Matched Firm-Level Data on Product Prices and Unit Labor Cost. The American Economic Review, 102(4), 1571-1595
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluating Microfoundations for Aggregate Price Rigidities: Evidence from Matched Firm-Level Data on Product Prices and Unit Labor Cost
2012 (English)In: The American Economic Review, ISSN 0002-8282, E-ISSN 1944-7981, Vol. 102, no 4, p. 1571-1595Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using matched data on product-level prices and the producing firm's unit labor cost, we find a moderate pass-through of current idiosyncratic marginal-cost changes. Also, the response does not vary across firms facing very different idiosyncratic shock variances, but identical aggregate conditions. These results do not fit the predictions of Mackowiak and Wiederholt (2009). Neither do firms react strongly to predictable marginal-cost changes, as expected from Mankiw and Reis (2002). We find that firms consider both current and expected future marginal cost when setting prices. This points toward impediments to continuous price adjustments as a key driver of monetary non-neutrality.

National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-178682 (URN)10.1257/aer.102.4.1571 (DOI)000305272500014 ()
Available from: 2012-08-02 Created: 2012-08-01 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Organisations

Search in DiVA

Show all publications