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Grund, Peter
Publications (10 of 14) Show all publications
Grund, P. (2007). From Tongue to Text: The Transmission of the Salem Witchcraft Examination Records. American Speech, 82(2), 119-150.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From Tongue to Text: The Transmission of the Salem Witchcraft Examination Records
2007 (English)In: American Speech, ISSN 0003-1283, E-ISSN 1527-2133, Vol. 82, no 2, 119-150 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores the problem of using court documents for studies of the spoken language of the past. It discusses three sets of examination records from the Salem witchcraft trials in 1692. By comparing records that exist in two or more alternative versions, the article shows that there are substantial linguistic and content-related differences between the versions. It is suggested that the recorders of the examinations paid more attention to the substance of the proceedings than to the exact language used by the participants and that the recorders reconstructed the courtroom dialogue on the basis of (shorthand) notes, mixing their own and the informants' language. The variation in the documents casts doubt on the reliability of the records as accurately reflecting the original courtroom dialogue. The use of the examination records as linguistic sources is thus called into question, especially for historical sociolinguistic studies that attempt to correlate language use and extralinguistic factors such as sex, age, and social status.

Keyword
Salem, examination, speech-based records, linguistic reliability
National Category
Specific Languages
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-11160 (URN)10.1215/00031283-2007-005 (DOI)000247434400001 ()
Available from: 2007-06-04 Created: 2007-06-04 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved
Grund, P. (2007). Review of Albrecht, R. 2005. The Virgin Mary as Alchemical and Lullian Reference in Donne. [Review]. Ambix: The Journal for the Society for the History of Alchemy and Chemistry, 54(2).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Review of Albrecht, R. 2005. The Virgin Mary as Alchemical and Lullian Reference in Donne.
2007 (English)In: Ambix: The Journal for the Society for the History of Alchemy and Chemistry, Vol. 54, no 2Article, book review (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.)) Published
National Category
Specific Languages
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-12155 (URN)
Available from: 2007-11-30 Created: 2007-11-30 Last updated: 2018-01-12
Grund, P. (2007). Review of Breivik, L. E., S. Halverson, and K. E. Haugland (eds.). 2006. “These things write i vnto thee...”: Essays in Honour of Bjørg Bækken. Oslo: Novus Press. [Review]. Studia Neophilologica, 79(1).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Review of Breivik, L. E., S. Halverson, and K. E. Haugland (eds.). 2006. “These things write i vnto thee...”: Essays in Honour of Bjørg Bækken. Oslo: Novus Press.
2007 (English)In: Studia Neophilologica, Vol. 79, no 1Article, book review (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.)) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-12153 (URN)
Available from: 2007-11-30 Created: 2007-11-30 Last updated: 2011-01-11
Grund, P. (2007). Review of Taavitsainen, I., P. Pahta, and M. Mäkinen. 2005. Middle English Medical Texts. CD-ROM. Amsterdam: John Benjamins [Review]. Journal of English Linguistics, 35(1).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Review of Taavitsainen, I., P. Pahta, and M. Mäkinen. 2005. Middle English Medical Texts. CD-ROM. Amsterdam: John Benjamins
2007 (English)In: Journal of English Linguistics, Vol. 35, no 1Article, book review (Other scientific) Published
National Category
Specific Languages
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-12154 (URN)
Available from: 2007-11-30 Created: 2007-11-30 Last updated: 2018-01-12
Grund, P. (2006). "ffor to make Azure as Albert biddes": Medieval English Alchemical Writings in the Pseudo-Albertan Tradition. Ambix: The Journal for the Society for the History of Alchemy and Chemistry, 53(1), 21-42.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"ffor to make Azure as Albert biddes": Medieval English Alchemical Writings in the Pseudo-Albertan Tradition
2006 (English)In: Ambix: The Journal for the Society for the History of Alchemy and Chemistry, Vol. 53, no 1, 21-42 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of the article is to explore the unresearched body of manuscript texts on alchemy in medieval English (15th-century). More specifically, it is concerned with texts that are commonly attributed to the famous medieval scholar Albertus Magnus. Taking as its starting point the work done by Pearl Kibre on Latin alchemical writings attributed to Albertus, the article shows that the English manuscript texts (some 30) are all related to one text in the Latin corpus, the Semita Recta. (Kibre lists about 30 texts in Latin.) However, the English texts display varying affinities to the Semita Recta: there are literal translations as well as major adaptations, and there are texts that appear to exploit the authority of the Semita Recta for advancing completely unrelated discussions. It is also evident that the early English translators and redactors of alchemical texts were particularly interested in practical aspects of alchemy: many of the texts exhibit an emphasis on practical details, whereas the theoretical parts have been excised. Furthermore, the article demonstrates that although the English manuscripts derive from a pseudo-Albertan text most of them do not contain an overt attribution to Albertus. It is thus unclear whether Albertus’s renown as an alchemist played a significant part in the circulation of the texts in a vernacular context.

Keyword
Albertus Magnus, alchemical texts, alchemy, Middle English, vernacularization
National Category
Specific Languages
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-83788 (URN)
Available from: 2006-11-09 Created: 2006-11-09 Last updated: 2018-01-13
Grund, P. (2006). Review of U. Dons, Descriptive Adequacy of Early Modern English Grammars [Review]. Journal of English Linguistics, 34(4), 355-358.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Review of U. Dons, Descriptive Adequacy of Early Modern English Grammars
2006 (English)In: Journal of English Linguistics, Vol. 34, no 4, 355-358 p.Article, book review (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-26473 (URN)
Available from: 2007-02-16 Created: 2007-02-16 Last updated: 2011-01-11
Grund, P. & Walker, T. (2006). The Subjunctive in Adverbial Clauses in Nineteenth-Century English. In: Nineteenth-Century English: Stability and Change (pp. 89-109). : Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Subjunctive in Adverbial Clauses in Nineteenth-Century English
2006 (English)In: Nineteenth-Century English: Stability and Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge , 2006, 89-109 p.Chapter in book (Other scientific)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2006
Keyword
subjunctive, adverbial clauses, CONCE, corpus linguistics
National Category
Specific Languages
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-83795 (URN)
Available from: 2006-11-10 Created: 2006-11-10 Last updated: 2018-01-13
Grund, P. (2005). Review of Hiltunen, R., and J. Skaffari (eds.). 2003. Discourse Perspectives on English: Medieval to Modern. (Pragmatics and Beyond New Series 119.) Amsterdam: John Benjamins. [Review]. Journal of English Linguistics, 33(1), 87-91.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Review of Hiltunen, R., and J. Skaffari (eds.). 2003. Discourse Perspectives on English: Medieval to Modern. (Pragmatics and Beyond New Series 119.) Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
2005 (English)In: Journal of English Linguistics, Vol. 33, no 1, 87-91 p.Article, book review (Other scientific) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-83800 (URN)
Available from: 2006-11-09 Created: 2006-11-09 Last updated: 2011-01-12
Grund, P. (2004). Albertus Magnus and the Queen of the Elves: A 15th-Century English Verse Dialogue on Alchemy. Anglia: Zeitschrift für englische Philologie, 122(4), 640-662.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Albertus Magnus and the Queen of the Elves: A 15th-Century English Verse Dialogue on Alchemy
2004 (English)In: Anglia: Zeitschrift für englische Philologie, Vol. 122, no 4, 640-662 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article presents an edition of a Middle English verse tract on alchemy based on Trinity College, Cambridge, MS R. 14. 44 (15th century). The tract, entitled ”Semita Recta Albertus peribet testimonium”, is structured as a dialogue between Albertus Magnus, the famous medieval scholar (c. 1200–1280), and Elchyell, the Queen of the Elves. In the dialogue, Elchyell instructs Albertus on how to produce an alchemical elixir that will produce silver or gold. Besides presenting the edition, this article also places the dialogue in the tradition of alchemical and scientific writing in Middle English. I argue that, as in the case of many other alchemical texts of the period, the author of this tract uses Albertus and the setting of the poem to bestow dignity and credibility on the text. Furthermore, it is shown that the tract exploits several presentation strategies common in other alchemical and scientific texts, such as the verse medium, the dialogue format, the recipe structure and coded language. However, I also demonstrate that this text appears to be unique in the way it utilizes and combines these presentation strategies.

Keyword
Albertus Magnus, Trinity College Cambridge MS R. 14. 44, alchemy, dialogue, verse, vernacularization
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-83790 (URN)
Available from: 2006-11-09 Created: 2006-11-09 Last updated: 2011-01-12
Grund, P. (2004). Review of Linden, S. J. 2003. The Alchemy Reader: From Hermes Trismegistus to Isaac Newton. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press [Review]. Ambix: The Journal for the Society for the History of Alchemy and Chemistry, 51(3), 269-270.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Review of Linden, S. J. 2003. The Alchemy Reader: From Hermes Trismegistus to Isaac Newton. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
2004 (English)In: Ambix: The Journal for the Society for the History of Alchemy and Chemistry, Vol. 51, no 3, 269-270 p.Article, book review (Other scientific) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-83805 (URN)
Available from: 2006-11-09 Created: 2006-11-09 Last updated: 2011-01-12
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