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Kaliff, Anders
Publications (10 of 41) Show all publications
Østigård, T. & Kaliff, A. (2020). Likbrud og dødsbryllup: Sjelen, sykdommer ogoldnordiske gravskikker. Uppsala: Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Likbrud og dødsbryllup: Sjelen, sykdommer ogoldnordiske gravskikker
2020 (Norwegian)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [no]

Døden og gravmaterial har definert arkeologifaget som disiplin siden tidenes morgen, men selv i den antikvariske samtiden ble etnologi og folklore i liten grad brukt som kilde til kunnskap om forhistorien og oldnordiske gravskikker. De fleste gravstudier har derfor ikke analysert dødens essens: sjelens substans. Gjennom en religionsvitenskapelig forståelse av etnologi og folklore presenteres en ny arkeologisk analyse av Nordens forhistoriske gravmaterial og døden som fenomen. En studie av sjelens substans må bokstavelig talt trenge inn i hjernen, beinmargen, blodet og skjelettet, som er menneskets åndelige essens, og inn i kvinnens livmor hvor sjelen skapes og fødes. Sjelene til forfedrene kroppsligjorde seg som alver, vetter og andre åndelige vesener. Den sjelelige essens i fysisk substans var også kosmologisk kraft, som kunne brukes og misbrukes, og derfor er dette også en berettelse om sykdom og trolldom. Medisinsk kannibalisme og bruk av de døde og døden var et effektivt beskyttelsesmiddel og den sterkeste medisin i tradisjonell legekunst. I den forhistoriske medisinhistorien var sykdom direkte og personlige angrep av ulike forfedre, som levde misfornøyde i en hinsidig tilværelse i ny kroppslig form. Sjelene kunne ta utallige former som ulike vetter, noen gode og andre onde, men en ting var sikkert: De ville komme tilbake til de levende, og de var farlige for de gjenlevende. Slekten definerte de døde og de døde definerte slekten. Dødsbryllup forente derfor ikke bare de levende og døde, men også fremtidige familier og slekter av forfedre, og sentralt i denne kosmologien var de store årtidsfestivaler, som kulminerte med den tradisjonelle julefeiringen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2020. p. 315
Series
Occasional papers in archaeology, ISSN 1100-6358 ; 69
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-399078 (URN)978-91-506-2796-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-12-12 Created: 2019-12-12 Last updated: 2020-05-11Bibliographically approved
Kaliff, A. (2018). Bronze Age Håga and the Viking King Björn: A History of Interpretation and Documentation from AD 818 to 2018. Uppsala: Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bronze Age Håga and the Viking King Björn: A History of Interpretation and Documentation from AD 818 to 2018
2018 (English)Book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2018. p. 206
Series
Occasional papers in archaeology, ISSN 1100-6358 ; 66
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-354556 (URN)978-91-506-2711-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-08-03 Created: 2018-06-20 Last updated: 2018-10-31Bibliographically approved
Kaliff, A. (2017). Anchorite Cells and Dwelling Complexes on al-Lisan Peninsula: Preliminary results based on the field documentation by TheSwedish Dead Sea Expedition 2009/2011. Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan (ADAJ), 56
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Anchorite Cells and Dwelling Complexes on al-Lisan Peninsula: Preliminary results based on the field documentation by TheSwedish Dead Sea Expedition 2009/2011
2017 (English)In: Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan (ADAJ), Vol. 56Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amman: Department of Antiquities of jordan, 2017
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-348716 (URN)
Funder
The Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities (KVHAA)
Available from: 2018-04-17 Created: 2018-04-17 Last updated: 2018-05-03Bibliographically approved
Kaliff, A. & Østigård, T. (2017). Cremation, Corpses and Cannibalism: Comparative Cosmologies and Centuries of Cosmic Consumption. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cremation, Corpses and Cannibalism: Comparative Cosmologies and Centuries of Cosmic Consumption
2017 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Death matters and the matters of death are initially, and to a large extent, the decaying flesh of the corpse. Cremation as a ritual practice is the fastest and most optimal way of dissolving the corpse’s flesh, either by annihilation or purification, or a combination. Still, cremation was not the final rite, and the archaeological record testifies that the dead represented a means to other ends – the flesh, and not the least the bones – have been incorporated in a wide range of other ritual contexts. While human sacrifices and cannibalism as ritual phenomena are much discussed in anthropology, archaeology has an advantage, since the actual bone material leaves traces of ritual practices that are unseen and unheard of in the contemporary world. As such, this book fleshes out a broader and more coherent understanding of prehistoric religions and funeral practices in Scandinavia by focusing on cremation, corpses and cannibalism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2017. p. 202
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-348708 (URN)978-1-4438-8173-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-04-17 Created: 2018-04-17 Last updated: 2018-05-31Bibliographically approved
Kaliff, A., Artursson, M. & Larsson, F. (Eds.). (2017). Rasbobygden i ett långtidsperspektiv 1100 BC till 1100 AD - kontinuitet och förändring (400ed.). Uppsala: Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rasbobygden i ett långtidsperspektiv 1100 BC till 1100 AD - kontinuitet och förändring
2017 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2017. p. 291 Edition: 400
Series
Occasional papers in archaeology, ISSN 1100-6358 ; 62
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-348711 (URN)978-91-983901-1-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-04-17 Created: 2018-04-17 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Kaliff, A. & Mattes, J. (2017). Tempel och kulthus i det forna Skandinavien: Myter och arkeologiska fakta. Carlsson Bokförlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tempel och kulthus i det forna Skandinavien: Myter och arkeologiska fakta
2017 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Carlsson Bokförlag, 2017. p. 219
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-348710 (URN)978-91-7331-812-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-04-17 Created: 2018-04-17 Last updated: 2018-05-18Bibliographically approved
Kaliff, A. & Østigård, T. (2013). Kremation och kosmologi: en komparativ arkeologisk introduktion. Uppsala: Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kremation och kosmologi: en komparativ arkeologisk introduktion
2013 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Cremation and Cosmology – A Comparative Archaeological Introduction aims to synthesise in an easily accessible style the current state of cremation research and some of the recent interpretations providing new understandings of the past. Since cremation is a highly complicated technological and cosmological process and ritual, part 1 emphasises what has shaped and restricted most of the Western perceptions of cremation. The Christian hell and its torturing fires, Hindu cremations along holy rivers in Nepal and India, and the ancient Vedic traditions have all to various degrees constructed images of what a cremation is, including our understanding of cremation in the past. This comparative part is stressed not only because it is important knowledge in itself, but also because it is a good point of departure for approaching the past and exploring new interpretations of funerals in general and cremations in particular, which have no ethnographic parallels. With mainly examples from Scandinavian Bronze- and Iron Age, in part 2 a wide range of cremation contexts are analysed from different perspectives highlighting new approaches to the materiality of death. A central theme throughout the book is that cremation is not one, but many funeral practices. By stressing this unique character of cremation compared to other burial practices, cremation as a ritual opens up a wide range of opportunities within the sphere of death, which can be studied archaeologically. As such, this book is intended to be an introductory and coarse book for archaeological students studying death and cremation, but hopefully it may also have interest and relevance beyond the archaeological circles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, 2013. p. 149
Series
Occasional papers in archaeology, ISSN 1100-6358 ; 56
Keywords
cremation, comparative archaeology, cosmology, eschatology, fire, materiality of death, funeral practice, ritual
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-192278 (URN)978-91-506-2322-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-01-17 Created: 2013-01-17 Last updated: 2013-01-17Bibliographically approved
Kaliff, A. & Munkhammar, L. (Eds.). (2013). Wulfila 311–2011: International Symposium. Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Wulfila 311–2011: International Symposium
2013 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2013. p. 224
Series
Acta Bibliothecae R. Universitatis Upsaliensis, ISSN 0346-7465 ; 48
Series
OPIA - Occasional papers in archaeology, ISSN 0346-7465 ; 57
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-211536 (URN)978-91-554-8664-8 (ISBN)
Funder
Riksbankens JubileumsfondThe Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities (KVHAA)Swedish Research Council
Note

Konferens: Wulfila 311-2011. The Goths - A Common European Heritage, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden, June 15-18, 2011

Available from: 2013-12-02 Created: 2013-11-26 Last updated: 2015-11-10Bibliographically approved
Kaliff, A. (2012). Goter och goticism - ett europeiskt fenomen. Saga och sed: Kungl. Gustav Adolfs Akademiens årsbok, 2011, 77-94
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Goter och goticism - ett europeiskt fenomen
2012 (Swedish)In: Saga och sed: Kungl. Gustav Adolfs Akademiens årsbok, ISSN 0586-5360, Vol. 2011, p. 77-94Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Kungl. Gustav Adolfs Akademien för svensk folkkultur, 2012
Keywords
Goths, Gothicism, Cultural contacts, Migration, goter, göticism, kulturkontakter, migration
National Category
History and Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-196048 (URN)
Available from: 2013-03-04 Created: 2013-03-04 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Kaliff, A. (2011). Det medeltida Sverige:  Förutsättningar för den fortsatta kunskapsuppbyggnaden. Stockholm: Riksantikvarieämbetet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Det medeltida Sverige:  Förutsättningar för den fortsatta kunskapsuppbyggnaden
2011 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Riksantikvarieämbetet, 2011. p. 37
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-162925 (URN)978-91-7209-556-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2011-12-06 Created: 2011-12-06 Last updated: 2012-07-11Bibliographically approved
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