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Lilja, Kristina, Docent
Publications (10 of 32) Show all publications
Lilja, K. & Jonsson, P. (2020). Inadequate supply and increasing demand for textiles and clothing: second-hand trade at auctions as an alternative source of consumer goods in Sweden, 1830–1900. Economic history review, 73(1), 78-105
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inadequate supply and increasing demand for textiles and clothing: second-hand trade at auctions as an alternative source of consumer goods in Sweden, 1830–1900
2020 (English)In: Economic history review, ISSN 0013-0117, E-ISSN 1468-0289, Vol. 73, no 1, p. 78-105Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Drawing on a study of historical national accounts and statistics, this article shows that a growing supply of mass-consumption textiles and clothing in Sweden during industrialization did not fully meet increasing demand. As a result, high demand for second-hand items remained even at the turn of the twentieth century. Records from a local auction house from 1830 to 1900 show that, even in the 1880s, more affluent urban consumers were still active on the second-hand market. Thereafter, they turned to the market for new goods, while potential demand from labourers and servants continued to be provided for by the second-hand market. Mechanization meant that more items entered this market. It changed the range and quality of objects available, consequently affecting the attractiveness of second-hand textiles and clothing. After the 1870s, falling and converging prices can be discerned, while more durable fabrics largely retained their value. We conclude that the consumer revolution (in a broader sense) had by this stage gained a foothold among ordinary Swedish urban households. The auction trade was part of a democratization of consumption. The general lesson is that understanding mass consumption requires research not only into second-hand consumption, but also into different regional settings. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2020
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-384179 (URN)DOI:10.1111/ehr.12879 (DOI)000506920900004 ()
Projects
Savings in the wardrobe—changes in the value and life cycle of clothes, 1790–1910
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P2014-0034
Available from: 2019-05-30 Created: 2019-05-30 Last updated: 2020-02-27Bibliographically approved
Bäcklund, D. & Lilja, K. (2019). Adolescents’ impact on family economy in Sweden: During the first decades of the twentieth century. Journal of Family History, 44(1), 3-23
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adolescents’ impact on family economy in Sweden: During the first decades of the twentieth century
2019 (English)In: Journal of Family History, ISSN 0363-1990, E-ISSN 1552-5473, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 3-23Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Adolescents' income contributions to working-class families decreased between the 1910s and the 1930s in Sweden. This was significant for adolescents' right to self-determination. By using household budget surveys, this article shows that at the time of the Great Depression, working adolescents paid less at home than had been common at the beginning of the twentieth century. Youth unemployment is one explanation, although it was also a consequence of children keeping more of their earnings for themselves. This development led to rising costs for having children and is interpreted as an aspect of the trade-off between quantity and quality of children.

Keywords
working-class adolescents, contribution habits, quality of children, household budget surveys, interwar years, household welfare, youth unemployment
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-357193 (URN)10.1177/0363199018787562 (DOI)000453331900001 ()
Available from: 2018-08-13 Created: 2018-08-13 Last updated: 2019-01-15Bibliographically approved
Lilja, K. (2018). Förmögenhet och förändrade förutsättningar: Förmögenhetsväxling som ekonomisk strategi och framväxten av en modern kapitalmarknad. In: P. Hedberg; M. Lönnborg (Ed.), Ett liv som handledare: Mats Larsson 65 år (pp. 63-77). Uppsala: Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Förmögenhet och förändrade förutsättningar: Förmögenhetsväxling som ekonomisk strategi och framväxten av en modern kapitalmarknad
2018 (Swedish)In: Ett liv som handledare: Mats Larsson 65 år / [ed] P. Hedberg; M. Lönnborg, Uppsala: Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet , 2018, p. 63-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet, 2018
Series
Uppsala papers in financial history, ISSN 1104-0726 ; 23
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-360974 (URN)
Available from: 2018-09-20 Created: 2018-09-20 Last updated: 2018-12-19Bibliographically approved
Lilja, K. (2018). Review of: Widows in European economy and society, 1600-1920 [Review]. Scandinavian Economic History Review, 66(1), 123-124
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Review of: Widows in European economy and society, 1600-1920
2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 66, no 1, p. 123-124Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-365141 (URN)10.1080/03585522.2017.1417157 (DOI)000434456000012 ()
Available from: 2018-11-08 Created: 2018-11-08 Last updated: 2018-11-08Bibliographically approved
Lilja, K. & Ottosson, J. (2018). The risk of pioneering: Private interests, the State, and the launching of civil aviation in Sweden. The case of SLA 1918-23. Journal of Transport History, 39(3), 316-332
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The risk of pioneering: Private interests, the State, and the launching of civil aviation in Sweden. The case of SLA 1918-23
2018 (English)In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 316-332Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The making and running of one of the early Swedish civil aviation companies – Svenska Lufttrafikaktiebolaget 1919–23 – show that military representatives and private entrepreneurs were highly important during this phase. We state that the making of this early civil aviation company in Sweden had not been possible without close personal ties between bankers and entrepreneurs, as well as their beliefs in the future of civil aviation as a natural and an evident part of Swedish infrastructure. However, the enterprise was indeed pioneering the field and faced the 1920–23 Swedish crisis. Svenska Lufttrafikaktiebolaget did not survive, despite minor subsidies. The article shows that the initial position of State involvement regarding civil aviation was not a clear-cut matter in the late 1910s and early 1920s. We claim that only later in the 1920s the Swedish State properly supported civil aviation.

Keywords
Early civil aviation, Scandinavia, big business, financers, Kreuger
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-357194 (URN)10.1177/0022526618792379 (DOI)000449286700004 ()
Available from: 2018-08-13 Created: 2018-08-13 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Lilja, K. (2016). Forandring og forankring: Sparebankene i Norge 1822-2014 [Review]. Scandinavian Economic History Review, 63(1), 73-75
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Forandring og forankring: Sparebankene i Norge 1822-2014
2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 63, no 1, p. 73-75Article, book review (Refereed) Published
National Category
Economics and Business History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-283026 (URN)10.1080/03585522.2015.1123178 (DOI)000384599300007 ()
Note

Web of Science title: Change and roots: the Norwegian savings banks 1822-2014

Available from: 2016-04-08 Created: 2016-04-08 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Lilja, K. & Bäcklund, D. (2016). Savings banks and working-class saving during the Swedish industrialisation. Financial History Review, 23(1), 111-132
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Savings banks and working-class saving during the Swedish industrialisation
2016 (English)In: Financial History Review, ISSN 0968-5650, E-ISSN 1474-0052, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 111-132Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article deals with savings banks and the extent to which they encouraged workers to save. A study of probate inventories from three Swedish towns shows that just 20-30 per cent of workers had assets in savings banks during the second half of the nineteenth century. Saving patterns differed greatly among groups of workers. Savings banks were most important for unskilled, unmarried women, but married workers were more likely to invest in, for example, real estate (1870s) and insurance (1900s). Family considerations greatly affected saving decisions, which detracted from the appeal of savings banks. Their emphasis on individual saving was more suitable for those who needed a flexible alternative to use for different saving needs. This flexibility also made it easier for savings banks to meet growing competition and can explain why they continued to attract workers in the twentieth century. Although savings banks never dominated the workers' saving arena, they probably promoted unmarried workers' awareness of the advantages of saving. Consequently, since all married workers had previously been unmarried, savings banks most likely contributed to fostering saving habits among the working class.

Keywords
savings banks, workers, family structure, saving methods
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-293522 (URN)10.1017/S0968565016000032 (DOI)000381281000005 ()
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P2015 0150:1Åke Wiberg Foundation, H14-0103
Available from: 2016-05-13 Created: 2016-05-13 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, P. & Lilja, K. (2015). Strategier för krediter: Begagnade kläder och textilier som värdebevarare och värdebärare i 1800-talets Västerås. Historisk Tidskrift (S), 135(3), 465-500
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Strategier för krediter: Begagnade kläder och textilier som värdebevarare och värdebärare i 1800-talets Västerås
2015 (Swedish)In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 135, no 3, p. 465-500Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2015
Keywords
store of value, medium of exchange, money, second-hand clothes and textiles, 19th century, auctions
National Category
History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-265188 (URN)000362797200006 ()
Projects
Kläder som sparkapital - Återbruk och kläders förändrade värde på andrahandsmarknaden 1790-1890
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, 2014:0034:1Åke Wiberg Foundation, H14-0111
Note

Artikeln finns tillgänglig på nätet sex månader efter utgivning.

English title in Web of Science: Second-hand clothes and textiles as a store of value and medium of exchange in Vasteras 1830-1900

Available from: 2015-10-23 Created: 2015-10-23 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Bäcklund, D. & Lilja, K. (2014). Variation och förnyelse: Arbetarsparande i Sverige 1870-1914. Historisk Tidskrift (S), 134(4), 615-646
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Variation och förnyelse: Arbetarsparande i Sverige 1870-1914
2014 (Swedish)In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 134, no 4, p. 615-646Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Probate inventories indicate that approximately 50 per cent of married workers in Swedish towns at the turn of the 20th century had financial assets and/or owned real estate. Although profligacy of course existed, workers in general seem to have been thrifty. Those without savings often had very low incomes and many dependents. Savings and the percentage of savers increased concurrently with rising real incomes and economic surpluses. Essential were also the introduction of new savings methods that led to a decreasing cost for saving. Most important were sickness and burial funds and endowment assurances. These collective solutions for saving were well suited to workers' needs and economic capacity, and workers quickly adapted their savings habits to the new conditions. In the case of endowments, there was even a tendency that they tried to save more than they could actually afford. The adaptation to new savings methods meant that there was a renewal of working-class saving over time. Individual savings, for example in banks, were successively replaced by collective savings. The latter totally dominated at the end of the period. The extent of the renewal varied among occupational groups and towns. Also notable was the variation between families with children and those without. The former prioritized life and endowment assurances, while the latter more often accumulated funds in bank accounts. There was also a renewal in saving motives. Precautionary saving dominated, but after the turn of the 20th century saving for old age and/or bequests became more common. However, accumulated funds were generally small and insufficient for full retirement in old age. The development of working-class saving in Sweden 1870-1914 shows many similarities with the development in Great Britain, although the former started later, and was faster and more compressed. An important explanation is that real wages rose more rapidly in Sweden than in Great Britain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2014
Keywords
working-class, Sweden, turn of the 20th century, probate inventories, household budget survey, precautionary saving, saving for old age, endowment assurances, sickness and burial funds
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-237780 (URN)000346683100003 ()
Projects
Eget eller offentligt sparande för ålderdomen
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P2012-0150:1
Note

Web of Science title: Variation and renewal: Working-class saving in Sweden 1870-1914

Available from: 2014-12-05 Created: 2014-12-05 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Murhem, S., Ulväng, G. & Lilja, K. (2013). Auktioner etableras och sprids. In: Den glömda konsumtionen: Auktionshandel i Sverige under 1700- och 1800-talen (pp. 29-41). Gidlunds förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Auktioner etableras och sprids
2013 (Swedish)In: Den glömda konsumtionen: Auktionshandel i Sverige under 1700- och 1800-talen, Gidlunds förlag, 2013, p. 29-41Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gidlunds förlag, 2013
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-212612 (URN)9789178448326 (ISBN)
Projects
Den glömda konsumtionen
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2004:0130
Available from: 2013-12-12 Created: 2013-12-12 Last updated: 2013-12-12
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