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Urban, Susanne
Publications (10 of 28) Show all publications
Urban, S. (2018). Integration och grannskap: Hur kan staden hålla samman? (1ed.). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integration och grannskap: Hur kan staden hålla samman?
2018 (Swedish)Book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018. p. 132 Edition: 1
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-341678 (URN)9789144118994 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-02-12 Created: 2018-02-12 Last updated: 2018-03-01Bibliographically approved
Urban, S. (2018). Meandering rides of the Swedish taxi industry:Flourishing entrepreneurship or ethnic segmentation?. International journal of sociology and social policy, 38(5/6), 444-458
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Meandering rides of the Swedish taxi industry:Flourishing entrepreneurship or ethnic segmentation?
2018 (English)In: International journal of sociology and social policy, ISSN 0144-333X, E-ISSN 1758-6720, Vol. 38, no 5/6, p. 444-458Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to study the interplay between changes in policies, rules and regulations that have altered ethnic composition and incomes in the Swedish taxi industry since deregulation in the 1990s.

Design/methodology/approach

This is a mixed-methods study, combining the qualitative interviews, scrutiny of relevant policy documents and statistical data of the Swedish population between 1992 and 2012. The analysis uses a mixed embeddedness perspective to show how the changed regulations resulted in new openings/closings in opportunities for individuals operating in the sector and how the proportion of immigrants in the sector, increased continuously between 1992 and 2012.

Findings

Policy changes have altered ethnic composition and incomes in the Swedish taxi sector. Income differences between foreign born and Swedish born are decreasing. It occurs however in the context of a general trend of lower wages within the sector. New jobs are created, but these are low paid jobs with harsh working conditions.

Originality/value

What makes this paper original is the use of the mixed-method approach, combining the analyses of economic and ethnic changes in the sector with internal and external institutional changes in rules and regulations, which exemplify the essence of the mixed embeddedness concept. Additionally the quantitative part of the study uses register data - tax registers and population registers that includes entire population and is administered by Statistics Sweden in a database for REMESO.

National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-361652 (URN)10.1108/IJSSP-09-2017-0113 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-09-26 Created: 2018-09-26 Last updated: 2018-09-26
Urban, S. & Adenfelt, O. (2017). Breda insatser fungerar bäst mot segregation. Svenska dagbladet (17-02-21)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Breda insatser fungerar bäst mot segregation
2017 (Swedish)In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 2001-3868, no 17-02-21Article in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Försök att ”lyfta” enskilda områden pekar sam­tidigt ut dem som problemområden. Det riskerar att göra ­mera skada än nytta. Istället behövs en ny, social bostadspolitik där alla – oavsett bostadsområde – får tillgång till utbildning och jobb. Det skriver docent Susanne Urban och Oskar Adenfelt, tankesmedjan Fores.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2017
Keywords
Integration, segregation, områdesutveckling
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-337543 (URN)
Available from: 2017-12-31 Created: 2017-12-31 Last updated: 2017-12-31
Urban, S. & Schölin, T. (2017). Formal Education and New Openings for Self-Employment Amongst Foreign-Born Persons in the Swedish Healthcare Sector. Nordic Journal of Migration Research, 7(1), 28-37
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Formal Education and New Openings for Self-Employment Amongst Foreign-Born Persons in the Swedish Healthcare Sector
2017 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, ISSN 1799-649X, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 28-37Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study contributes to the discussion on the value of education for self-employment among foreign-born persons in Sweden. The case of the deregulated healthcare sector is used to illustrate the importance of the acknowledgement of unaccustomed types of education with regards to a lack of access to the ordinary labour market and for starting a new business. Register-based data on all individuals in Sweden with an education in healthcare are used in the analysis. The overrepresentation of foreign-born persons amongst newly self-employed people is explained by what type of education they have, that is, a highly educated specialised occupation or educations at high and low levels that are classified as ‘other’ in the register.

National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-310484 (URN)10.1515/njmr-2017-0003 (DOI)000409049100005 ()
Available from: 2016-12-16 Created: 2016-12-16 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved
Klinthäll, M. & Urban, S. (2016). The strength of ethnic ties: Routes into the labour market in spaces of segregation. Urban Studies, 53(1), 3-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The strength of ethnic ties: Routes into the labour market in spaces of segregation
2016 (English)In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 53, no 1, p. 3-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study analyses whether ethnic segregation leads to social isolation and lack of access to valuable informal channels into the labour market. We use a survey of Swedish-born young adults in Stockholm, whose parents were born either in Turkey (Stratum T) or in Sweden (Stratum S). Stratum T was randomly sampled, whereas Stratum S was sampled according to the residential distribution of Stratum T. Our results show that persons in Stratum T use informal contacts in order to find employment more often than Stratum S. Living in immigrant-dense areas increases the likelihood of finding employment through informal contacts. For Stratum T, co-ethnic contacts are more important than other contacts, in particular if they are neighbours. Access to ethnic networks and the use of ethnic contacts in the labour market differ between persons of Turkish, Kurdish and Assyrian/Syriac backgrounds. In contrast to the isolation thesis, this study shows that young adults in immigrant-dense neighbourhoods have access to and benefit more from informal channels in order to find ways into labour market.

Keywords
employment, ethnicity, neighbourhood, second generation, segregation
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-240322 (URN)10.1177/0042098014560498 (DOI)000366672500001 ()
Projects
Kompetens och kontakter
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2015-01-07 Created: 2015-01-07 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Urban, S., Dahlstedt, M., Hertzberg, F. & Ålund, A. (Eds.). (2016). Utbildning, arbete, medborgarskap: Strategier för social inkludering i den mångetniska staden. (3ed.). Umeå: Boréa Bokförlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Utbildning, arbete, medborgarskap: Strategier för social inkludering i den mångetniska staden.
2016 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Boréa Bokförlag, 2016. p. 389 Edition: 3
Keywords
Medborgarskap, utbildning, inkludering, segregering
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-307710 (URN)9789189140905 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-11-21 Created: 2016-11-21 Last updated: 2016-11-21
Urban, S. (2015). Etnisk boendesegregation (2ed.). In: Mehrdad Darvishpour & Charles Westin (Ed.), Migration och etnicitet: Perspektiv på ett mångkulturellt Sverige (pp. 303-318). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Etnisk boendesegregation
2015 (Swedish)In: Migration och etnicitet: Perspektiv på ett mångkulturellt Sverige / [ed] Mehrdad Darvishpour & Charles Westin, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 2, p. 303-318Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015 Edition: 2
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-263488 (URN)9789144105239 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-10-01 Created: 2015-10-01 Last updated: 2015-10-01
Urban, S. (2015). Lokal sammanhållning mot segregation – varför då? (1ed.). In: Roger Andersson, Bo Bengtsson & Gunnar Myrberg (Ed.), Mångfaldens dilemman: Boendesegregation och områdespolitik (pp. 183-200). Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lokal sammanhållning mot segregation – varför då?
2015 (Swedish)In: Mångfaldens dilemman: Boendesegregation och områdespolitik / [ed] Roger Andersson, Bo Bengtsson & Gunnar Myrberg, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 1, p. 183-200Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015 Edition: 1
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-269879 (URN)9789140692115 (ISBN)
Projects
Mångfaldens dilemman: Etnisk integration och segregation i staden
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2015-12-18 Created: 2015-12-18 Last updated: 2015-12-18
Urban, S. (2014). Områdesutveckling mot fattigdom. PLAN (3), 35-39
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Områdesutveckling mot fattigdom
2014 (Swedish)In: PLAN, ISSN 0032-0560f, no 3, p. 35-39Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Föreningen för samhällsplanering, 2014
Keywords
Storstadsutveckling, områdesutveckling, segregation, grannskapseffekter
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology; Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-229173 (URN)
Available from: 2014-08-04 Created: 2014-08-04 Last updated: 2014-08-08Bibliographically approved
Klinthäll, M. & Urban, S. (2014). Second-Generation Immigrants in the Small-Business Sector in Sweden. Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, 12(3), 210-232
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Second-Generation Immigrants in the Small-Business Sector in Sweden
2014 (English)In: Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, ISSN 1556-2948, E-ISSN 1556-2956, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 210-232Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the importance of co-ethnic employment for second-generation immigrants using data on the total population of Sweden. The analyses show that employment by parents comprises a substantial part of co-ethnic employment among young people. However, youth of Swedish origin in the small business sector are employed by parents to the same extent as second-generation immigrants. Furthermore, youth of Swedish origin are much more often employed by Swedish-born employers. Therefore, we argue that mobilization of family resources and social networks is not specific to immigrants in 'ethnic economies' but is rather part of a general small-business class strategy.

Keywords
ethnic economies, second-generation immigrants, ethnic capital, coethnic employment, Sweden, small-business class, family business, labor market integration
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-240347 (URN)10.1080/15562948.2013.827768 (DOI)
Projects
Kompetens och kontakter: Betydelsen av olika typer av sociala relationer för etablering på arbetsmarknaden bland unga med utländsk bakgrundStrategies and Structures. A multidisciplinary study of the preconditions for entrepreneurship among immigrants in Sweden.
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2015-01-07 Created: 2015-01-07 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
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