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Publications (10 of 89) Show all publications
Ma, J., Ramachandran, M., Jin, C., Quijano-Rubio, C., Martikainen, M., Yu, D. & Essand, M. (2020). Characterization of virus-mediated immunogenic cancer cell death and the consequences for oncolytic virus-based immunotherapy of cancer. Cell Death and Disease, 11(1), Article ID 48.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Characterization of virus-mediated immunogenic cancer cell death and the consequences for oncolytic virus-based immunotherapy of cancer
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2020 (English)In: Cell Death and Disease, ISSN 2041-4889, E-ISSN 2041-4889, Vol. 11, no 1, article id 48Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Oncolytic viruses have the potential to induce immunogenic cell death (ICD) that may provoke potent and long-lasting anti-cancer immunity. Here we aimed to characterize the ICD-inducing ability of wild-type Adenovirus (Ad), Semliki Forest virus (SFV) and Vaccinia virus (VV). We did so by investigating the cell death and immune-activating properties of virus-killed tumor cells. Ad-infection of tumor cells primarily activates autophagy, but also activate events of necroptotic and pyroptotic cell death. SFV infection on the other hand primarily activates immunogenic apoptosis while VV activates necroptosis. All viruses mediated lysis of tumor cells leading to the release of danger-associated molecular patterns, triggering of phagocytosis and maturation of dendritic cells (DCs). However, only SFV-infected tumor cells triggered significant T helper type 1 (Th1)-cytokine release by DCs and induced antigen-specific T-cell activation. Our results elucidate cell death processes activated upon Ad, SFV, and VV infection and their potential to induce T cell-mediated anti-tumor immune responses. This knowledge provides important insight for the choice and design of therapeutically successful virus-based immunotherapies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP, 2020
National Category
Immunology in the medical area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-406507 (URN)10.1038/s41419-020-2236-3 (DOI)000511446600005 ()31969562 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Cancer Society, CAN 2016/318Swedish Research Council, 2015-03688Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, 2019.0088Swedish Childhood Cancer Foundation, TJ2017-0004Swedish Childhood Cancer Foundation, PR2018-0127
Available from: 2020-03-10 Created: 2020-03-10 Last updated: 2020-03-10Bibliographically approved
Georganaki, M., Ramachandran, M., Tuit, S., Nunez, N. G., Karampatzakis, A., Fotaki, G., . . . Dimberg, A. (2020). Tumor endothelial cell up-regulation of IDO1 is an immunosuppressive feed-back mechanism that reduces the response to CD40-stimulating immunotherapy. Oncoimmunology, 9(1), Article ID 1730538.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tumor endothelial cell up-regulation of IDO1 is an immunosuppressive feed-back mechanism that reduces the response to CD40-stimulating immunotherapy
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2020 (English)In: Oncoimmunology, ISSN 2162-4011, E-ISSN 2162-402X, Vol. 9, no 1, article id 1730538Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

CD40-stimulating immunotherapy can elicit potent anti-tumor responses by activating dendritic cells and enhancing T-cell priming. Tumor vessels orchestrate T-cell recruitment during immune response, but the effect of CD40-stimulating immunotherapy on tumor endothelial cells has not been evaluated. Here, we have investigated how tumor endothelial cells transcriptionally respond to CD40-stimulating immunotherapy by isolating tumor endothelial cells from agonistic CD40 mAb- or isotype-treated mice bearing B16-F10 melanoma, and performing RNA-sequencing. Gene set enrichment analysis revealed that agonistic CD40 mAb therapy increased interferon (IFN)-related responses in tumor endothelial cells, including up-regulation of the immunosuppressive enzyme Indoleamine 2, 3-Dioxygenase 1 (IDO1). IDO1 was predominantly expressed in endothelial cells within the tumor microenvironment, and its expression in tumor endothelium was positively correlated to T-cell infiltration and to increased intratumoral expression of IFN gamma. In vitro, endothelial cells up-regulated IDO1 in response to T-cell-derived IFN gamma, but not in response to CD40-stimulation. Combining agonistic CD40 mAb therapy with the IDO1 inhibitor epacadostat delayed tumor growth in B16-F10 melanoma, associated with increased activation of tumor-infiltrating T-cells. Hereby, we show that the tumor endothelial cells up-regulate IDO1 upon CD40-stimulating immunotherapy in response to increased IFN gamma-secretion by T-cells, revealing a novel immunosuppressive feedback mechanism whereby tumor vessels limit T-cell activation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC, 2020
Keywords
IDO1, tumor endothelial cells, CD40, immunotherapy, melanoma
National Category
Immunology in the medical area Cancer and Oncology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-407370 (URN)10.1080/2162402X.2020.1730538 (DOI)000518499700001 ()
Funder
Swedish Childhood Cancer Foundation, TJ 2017-0004Swedish Childhood Cancer Foundation, PR2015-0133Swedish Childhood Cancer Foundation, NCP2015-0075Swedish Childhood Cancer Foundation, PR2018-0148Swedish Cancer Society, CAN 2017/502Swedish Cancer Society, CAN 2015/1216EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, MCA-ITN 317445Swedish Research Council, 2016-02495
Available from: 2020-04-29 Created: 2020-04-29 Last updated: 2020-04-29Bibliographically approved
Čančer, M., Hutter, S., Holmberg Olausson, K., Rosén, G., Sundström, A., Tailor, J., . . . Johansson, F. K. (2019). Humanized Stem Cell Models of Pediatric Medulloblastoma Reveal an Oct4/mTOR Axis that Promotes Malignancy. Cell Stem Cell, 25(6), 855-870
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Humanized Stem Cell Models of Pediatric Medulloblastoma Reveal an Oct4/mTOR Axis that Promotes Malignancy
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2019 (English)In: Cell Stem Cell, ISSN 1934-5909, E-ISSN 1875-9777, Vol. 25, no 6, p. 855-870Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Medulloblastoma (MB), the most frequent malignant childhood brain tumor, can arise from cellular malfunctions during hindbrain development. Here we generate humanized models for Sonic Hedgehog (SHH)-subgroup MB via MYCN overexpression in primary human hindbrain-derived neuroepithelial stem (hbNES) cells or iPSC-derived NES cells, which display a range of aggressive phenotypes upon xenografting. iPSC-derived NES tumors develop quickly with leptomeningeal dissemination, whereas hbNES-derived cells exhibit delayed tumor formation with less dissemination. Methylation and expression profiling show that tumors from both origins recapitulate hallmarks of infant SHH MB and reveal that mTOR activation, as a result of increased Oct4, promotes aggressiveness of human SHH tumors. Targeting mTOR decreases cell viability and prolongs survival, showing the utility of these varied models for dissecting mechanisms mediating tumor aggression and demonstrating the value of humanized models for a better understanding of pediatric cancers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CELL PRESS, 2019
National Category
Cell Biology Cell and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-400664 (URN)10.1016/j.stem.2019.10.005 (DOI)000500942400013 ()31786016 (PubMedID)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 640275Swedish Cancer SocietySwedish Research CouncilKnut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationSwedish Childhood Cancer FoundationScience for Life Laboratory - a national resource center for high-throughput molecular bioscienceRagnar Söderbergs stiftelse
Available from: 2020-01-03 Created: 2020-01-03 Last updated: 2020-01-03Bibliographically approved
Xie, Y., Sundström, A., Maturi, N. P., Tan, E.-J., Marinescu, V. D., Jarvius, M., . . . Uhrbom, L. (2019). LGR5 promotes tumorigenicity and invasion of glioblastoma stem-like cells and is a potential therapeutic target for a subset of glioblastoma patients. Journal of Pathology, 247(2), 228-240
Open this publication in new window or tab >>LGR5 promotes tumorigenicity and invasion of glioblastoma stem-like cells and is a potential therapeutic target for a subset of glioblastoma patients
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Pathology, ISSN 0022-3417, E-ISSN 1096-9896, Vol. 247, no 2, p. 228-240Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and lethal primary malignant brain tumor which lacks efficient treatment and predictive biomarkers. Expression of the epithelial stem cell marker Leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein coupled receptor 5 (LGR5) has been described in GBM, but its functional role has not been conclusively elucidated. Here, we have investigated the role of LGR5 in a large repository of patient-derived GBM stem cell (GSC) cultures. The consequences of LGR5 overexpression or depletion have been analyzed using in vitro and in vivo methods, which showed that, among those with highest LGR5 expression (LGR5(high)), there were two phenotypically distinct groups: one that was dependent on LGR5 for its malignant properties and another that was unaffected by changes in LGR5 expression. The LGR5-responding cultures could be identified by their significantly higher self-renewal capacity as measured by extreme limiting dilution assay (ELDA), and these LGR5(high)-ELDA(high) cultures were also significantly more malignant and invasive compared to the LGR5(high)-ELDA(low) cultures. This showed that LGR5 expression alone would not be a strict marker of LGR5 responsiveness. In a search for additional biomarkers, we identified LPAR4, CCND2, and OLIG2 that were significantly upregulated in LGR5-responsive GSC cultures, and we found that OLIG2 together with LGR5 were predictive of GSC radiation and drug response. Overall, we show that LGR5 regulates the malignant phenotype in a subset of patient-derived GSC cultures, which supports its potential as a predictive GBM biomarker. Copyright (c) 2018 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019
Keywords
glioblastoma stem-like cells, LGR5, self-renewal, invasion, radiation response
National Category
Cancer and Oncology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-376723 (URN)10.1002/path.5186 (DOI)000456331900009 ()30357839 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2012-02591Swedish Cancer Society, 2012/4882015/656
Available from: 2019-02-11 Created: 2019-02-11 Last updated: 2019-02-11Bibliographically approved
Martikainen, M. & Essand, M. (2019). Virus-Based Immunotherapy of Glioblastoma. Cancers, 11(2), Article ID 186.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Virus-Based Immunotherapy of Glioblastoma
2019 (English)In: Cancers, ISSN 2072-6694, Vol. 11, no 2, article id 186Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common type of primary brain tumor in adults. Despite recent advances in cancer therapy, including the breakthrough of immunotherapy, the prognosis of GBM patients remains dismal. One of the new promising ways to therapeutically tackle the immunosuppressive GBM microenvironment is the use of engineered viruses that kill tumor cells via direct oncolysis and via stimulation of antitumor immune responses. In this review, we focus on recently published results of phase I/II clinical trials with different oncolytic viruses and the new interesting findings in preclinical models. From syngeneic preclinical GBM models, it seems evident that oncolytic virus-mediated destruction of GBM tissue coupled with strong adjuvant effect, provided by the robust stimulation of innate antiviral immune responses and adaptive anti-tumor T cell responses, can be harnessed as potent immunotherapy against GBM. Although clinical testing of oncolytic viruses against GBM is at an early stage, the promising results from these trials give hope for the effective treatment of GBM in the near future.

Keywords
oncolytic virotherapy, cancer immunotherapy, glioblastoma
National Category
Neurology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-380671 (URN)10.3390/cancers11020186 (DOI)000460747200060 ()30764570 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2015-03688Swedish Childhood Cancer Foundation, PR2015-0049Swedish Cancer Society, CAN 2016/318
Available from: 2019-04-01 Created: 2019-04-01 Last updated: 2019-04-01Bibliographically approved
Enblad, G., Karlsson, H., Gammelgård, G., Wenthe, J., Lövgren, T., Amini, R.-M., . . . Loskog, A. (2018). A Phase I/IIa Trial Using CD19-Targeted Third-Generation CAR T Cells for Lymphoma and Leukemia. Clinical Cancer Research, 24(24), 6185-6194
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Phase I/IIa Trial Using CD19-Targeted Third-Generation CAR T Cells for Lymphoma and Leukemia
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2018 (English)In: Clinical Cancer Research, ISSN 1078-0432, E-ISSN 1557-3265, Vol. 24, no 24, p. 6185-6194Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has been effective for patients with CD19(+) B-cell malignancies. Most studies have investigated the second-generation CARs with either CD28 or 4-1BB costimulatory domains in the CAR receptor. Here, we describe the first clinical phase I/IIa trial using third-generation CAR T cells targeting CD19 to evaluate safety and efficacy.

Patients and Methods: Fifteen patients with B-cell lymphoma or leukemia were treated with CAR T cells. The patients with lymphoma received chemotherapy during CAR manufacture and 11 of 15 were given low-dose cyclophosphamide and fludarabine conditioning prior to CAR infusion. Peripheral blood was sampled before and at multiple time points after CAR infusion to evaluate the persistence of CAR T cells and for immune profiling, using quantitative PCR, flow cytometry, and a proteomic array.

Results: Treatment with third-generation CAR T cells was generally safe with 4 patients requiring hospitalization due to adverse reactions. Six of the 15 patients had initial complete responses [4/11 lymphoma and 2/4 acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)], and 3 of the patients with lymphoma were in remission at 3 months. Two patients are still alive. Best predictor of response was a good immune status prior to CAR infusion with high IL12, DC-Lamp, Fas ligand, and TRAIL. Responding patients had low monocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs; CD14(+)CD33(+)HLA(-)DR(-)) and low levels of IL6, IL8, NAP3, sPDL1, and sPDL2.

Conclusions: Third-generation CARs may be efficient in patients with advanced B-cell lymphoproliferative malignancy with only modest toxicity. Immune profiling pre- and posttreatment can be used to find response biomarkers.

National Category
Cancer and Oncology Hematology Clinical Laboratory Medicine
Research subject
Pathology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-372924 (URN)10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-18-0426 (DOI)000453267600012 ()30097433 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilAFA InsuranceSwedish Cancer Society
Available from: 2019-01-10 Created: 2019-01-10 Last updated: 2019-03-29Bibliographically approved
Fotaki, G., Jin, C., Kerzeli, I. K., Ramachandran, M., Martikainen, M.-M., Karlsson-Parra, A., . . . Essand, M. (2018). Cancer vaccine based on a combination of an infection-enhanced adenoviral vector and pro-inflammatory allogeneic DCs leads to sustained antigen-specific immune responses in three melanoma models. Oncoimmunology, 7(3), Article ID e1397250.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cancer vaccine based on a combination of an infection-enhanced adenoviral vector and pro-inflammatory allogeneic DCs leads to sustained antigen-specific immune responses in three melanoma models
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2018 (English)In: Oncoimmunology, ISSN 2162-4011, E-ISSN 2162-402X, Vol. 7, no 3, article id e1397250Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Autologous patient-derived dendritic cells (DCs) modified ex vivo to present tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) are frequently used as cancer vaccines. However, apart from the stringent logistics in producing DCs on a patient basis, accumulating evidence indicate that ex vivo engineered DCs are poor in migration and in fact do not directly present TAA epitopes to naïve T cells in vivo. Instead, it is proposed that bystander host DCs take up material from vaccine-DCs, migrate and subsequently initiate antitumor T-cell responses. We used mouse models to examine the possibility of using pro-inflammatory allogeneic DCs (alloDCs) to activate host DCs and enable them to promote antigen-specific T-cell immunity. We found that alloDCs were able to initiate host DC activation and migration to draining lymph node leading to T-cell activation. The pro-inflammatory milieu created by alloDCs also led to recruitment of NK cells and neutrophils at the site of injection. Vaccination with alloDCs combined with Ad5M(gp100), an infection-enhanced adenovirus encoding the human melanoma-associated antigen gp100 resulted in generation of CD8+ T cells with a T-cell receptor (TCR) specific for the gp10025-33 epitope (gp100-TCR+). Ad5M(gp100)-alloDC vaccination in combination with transfer of gp100-specific pmel-1 T cells resulted in prolonged survival of B16-F10 melanoma-bearing mice and altered the composition of the tumor microenvironment (TME). We hereby propose that alloDCs together with TAA- or neoepitope-encoding Ad5M can become an “off-the-shelf” cancer vaccine, which can reverse the TME-induced immunosuppression and induce host cellular anti-tumor immune responses in patients without the need of a time-consuming preparation step of autologous DCs.

Keywords
adjuvants, Allogeneic dendritic cells, cell-based immunotherapy, tumor microenvironment, tumor-associated antigen
National Category
Cancer and Oncology Immunology in the medical area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-346362 (URN)10.1080/2162402X.2017.1397250 (DOI)000423567000013 ()29399398 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Cancer Society, CAN 2013/373; CAN 2016/318Swedish Childhood Cancer Foundation, PR2015-0049Swedish Research Council, 2015-03688
Available from: 2018-03-16 Created: 2018-03-16 Last updated: 2019-02-21Bibliographically approved
Lugano, R., Vemuri, K., Yu, D., Bergqvist, M., Smits, A., Essand, M., . . . Dimberg, A. (2018). CD93 promotes β1 integrin activation and fibronectin fibrillogenesis during tumor angiogenesis.. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 128(8), 3280-3297
Open this publication in new window or tab >>CD93 promotes β1 integrin activation and fibronectin fibrillogenesis during tumor angiogenesis.
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Investigation, ISSN 0021-9738, E-ISSN 1558-8238, Vol. 128, no 8, p. 3280-3297Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Tumor angiogenesis occurs through regulation of genes that orchestrate endothelial sprouting and vessel maturation, including deposition of a vessel-associated extracellular matrix. CD93 is a transmembrane receptor that is up-regulated in tumor vessels in many cancers, including high-grade glioma. Here, we demonstrate that CD93 regulates integrin-β1-signaling and organization of fibronectin fibrillogenesis during tumor vascularization. In endothelial cells and mouse retina, CD93 was found to be expressed in endothelial filopodia and to promote filopodia formation. The CD93 localization to endothelial filopodia was stabilized by interaction with multimerin-2 (MMRN2), which inhibited its proteolytical cleavage. The CD93-MMRN2 complex was required for activation of integrin-β1, phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and fibronectin fibrillogenesis in endothelial cells. Consequently, tumor vessels in gliomas implanted orthotopically in CD93-deficient mice showed diminished activation of integrin-β1 and lacked organization of fibronectin into fibrillar structures. These findings demonstrate a key role of CD93 in vascular maturation and organization of the extracellular matrix in tumors, identifying it as a potential target for therapy.

Keywords
Brain cancer, Fibronectin, Oncology, Vascular Biology, endothelial cells
National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-350902 (URN)10.1172/JCI97459 (DOI)000440461500015 ()29763414 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Cancer Society, CAN 2014/832Swedish Cancer Society, CAN 2017/502Swedish Cancer Society, CAN 2015/1216Swedish Childhood Cancer Foundation, PR2015-0133Swedish Childhood Cancer Foundation, NCP2015-0075Swedish Research Council, 2016-02495
Available from: 2018-05-17 Created: 2018-05-17 Last updated: 2018-11-08Bibliographically approved
Roche, F. P., Pietilä, I., Kaito, H., Sjöström, E. O., Sobotzki, N., Noguer, O., . . . Claesson-Welsh, L. (2018). Leukocyte differentiation by histidine-rich glycoprotein/stanniocalcin-2 complex regulates murine glioma growth through modulation of anti-tumor immunity. Molecular Cancer Therapeutics, 17(9), 1961-1972
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Leukocyte differentiation by histidine-rich glycoprotein/stanniocalcin-2 complex regulates murine glioma growth through modulation of anti-tumor immunity
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2018 (English)In: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics, ISSN 1535-7163, E-ISSN 1538-8514, Vol. 17, no 9, p. 1961-1972Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The plasma-protein histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG) is implicated in phenotypic switching of tumor-associated macrophages, regulating cytokine production and phagocytotic activity, thereby promoting vessel normalization and anti-tumor immune responses. To assess the therapeutic effect of HRG gene delivery on CNS tumors, we used adenovirus-encoded HRG to treat mouse intracranial GL261 glioma. Delivery of Ad5-HRG to the tumor site resulted in a significant reduction in glioma growth, associated with increased vessel perfusion and increased CD45+ leukocyte and CD8+ T cell accumulation in the tumor. Antibody-mediated neutralization of colony-stimulating factor-1 suppressed the effects of HRG on CD45+ and CD8+ infiltration. Using a novel protein interaction-decoding technology, TRICEPS-based ligand receptor capture (LRC), we identified Stanniocalcin-2 (STC2) as an interacting partner of HRG on the surface of inflammatory cells in vitro and co-localization of HRG and STC2 in gliomas. HRG reduced the suppressive effects of STC2 on monocyte CD14+ differentiation and STC2-regulated immune response pathways. In consequence, Ad5-HRG treated gliomas displayed decreased numbers of Interleukin-35+ Treg cells, providing a mechanistic rationale for the reduction in GL261 growth in response to Ad5-HRG delivery. We conclude that HRG suppresses glioma growth by modulating tumor inflammation through monocyte infiltration and differentiation. Moreover, HRG acts to balance the regulatory effects of its partner, STC2, on inflammation and innate and/or acquired immunity. HRG gene delivery therefore offers a potential therapeutic strategy to control anti-tumor immunity.

National Category
Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-356836 (URN)10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-18-0097 (DOI)000444041300015 ()29945872 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Cancer Society, 16 0585Swedish Cancer Society, 16 0520Swedish Research Council, 2015-02375_3Swedish Research Council, 2016-01085
Note

I. Pietilä and H. Kaito contributed equally to this article.

Available from: 2018-08-08 Created: 2018-08-08 Last updated: 2018-11-26Bibliographically approved
Shridhar, N., Ruotsalainen, J., van der Sluis, T., Rogava, M., Yu, D., Essand, M., . . . Tueting, T. (2018). Modifying melanoma immune microenvironment by heterologous prime-boost vaccination with adenovirus and Modified Vaccinia Ankara virus vectors. Paper presented at 45th Annual Meeting of the Arbeitsgemeinscha-Dermatologische-Forschung (ADF), MAR 07-10, 2018, Zurich, SWITZERLAND. Experimental dermatology, 27(3), E54-E55
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modifying melanoma immune microenvironment by heterologous prime-boost vaccination with adenovirus and Modified Vaccinia Ankara virus vectors
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2018 (English)In: Experimental dermatology, ISSN 0906-6705, E-ISSN 1600-0625, Vol. 27, no 3, p. E54-E55Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
National Category
Dermatology and Venereal Diseases
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-361438 (URN)000427009500127 ()
Conference
45th Annual Meeting of the Arbeitsgemeinscha-Dermatologische-Forschung (ADF), MAR 07-10, 2018, Zurich, SWITZERLAND
Available from: 2018-12-10 Created: 2018-12-10 Last updated: 2019-02-07Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-9725-0422

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