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Publications (10 of 198) Show all publications
Burns, T. & Carson, M. (2018). Reconceptualizing resilience and what it implies for CCA, DRR, and sustainability development: a sociological pespective stressing socio-cultural dimensions, human agency, and innovation. In: Power, violence and justice: reflections, responses and responsibilities. Paper presented at XIX ISA (International Sociological Association) World Congress of Sociology, Toronto, Canada,July 15-21.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reconceptualizing resilience and what it implies for CCA, DRR, and sustainability development: a sociological pespective stressing socio-cultural dimensions, human agency, and innovation
2018 (English)In: Power, violence and justice: reflections, responses and responsibilities, 2018Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The use of the term resilience has virtually exploded in the past decade, yet its usage points to wildly differing meanings and applications. Among the most widely used definitions, it is defined  as the capacity of a system to respond to a perturbation or disturbance by resisting damage and recovering quickly (this is among several definitions critically discussed in the paper). Interdisciplinary theoretical discourses on resilience now include consideration of the interactions of humans and ecosystems by means of models of socio-ecological systems, and entails a shift from the maximum sustainable yield paradigm to environmental resource management that aims to build ecological resilience through adaptive resource management and adaptive governance".

The paper criticizes the mainstream conceptualization of resilience for its flat portrayal (and all-too-often neglect) of socio-cultural dimensions, the role of human agency, and innovative and creative activities. Drawing on a wide range of relevant sociological research, the paper offers an alternative conceptualization. It emphasizes: (1) the socio-cultural and institutional context of resilience processes; (2) the socio-political capacity of entrepreneurs to mobilize human agents and resources (including economic and technical resources) in response to systemic disturbances; and (3) the capacity to initiate innovation processes and produce creative responses and adaptations to systemic disturbances. Cases of municipalities and local communities are presented and analyzed in this new perspective. The paper concludes by discussing the implications of the reconceptualization for CCA, DRR, and Sustainability Development.

National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338616 (URN)
Conference
XIX ISA (International Sociological Association) World Congress of Sociology, Toronto, Canada,July 15-21
Available from: 2018-01-11 Created: 2018-01-11 Last updated: 2018-02-15Bibliographically approved
Burns, T., Roszkowska, E., Corte, U. & Machado, N. (2018). SOCIAL SCIENCE APPROACHES TO REFORMULATING GAME THEORY: Models, Comparisons, and Implications of an Alternative Development. Lisbon, Portugal: CIES-ISCTE (Lisbon University Institute) Av. das Forças Armadas, Edifício ISCTE, 1649-026 LISBOA, PORTUGAL, cies@iscte.pt
Open this publication in new window or tab >>SOCIAL SCIENCE APPROACHES TO REFORMULATING GAME THEORY: Models, Comparisons, and Implications of an Alternative Development
2018 (English)Report (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lisbon, Portugal: CIES-ISCTE (Lisbon University Institute) Av. das Forças Armadas, Edifício ISCTE, 1649-026 LISBOA, PORTUGAL, cies@iscte.pt, 2018
Series
CIES e-Working Papers, ISSN 1647-0893 ; CIES e-Working Paper N.º 218/2018
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338615 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-11 Created: 2018-01-11 Last updated: 2018-01-11
Burns, T., Roszkowska, E., Machado, N. & Corte, U. (2018). SOCIOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO REFORMULATING GAME THEORY: Norms, Roles, Institutions and Socio-cultural Formations in Cognitive Structuring and Action Determination Processe. Social Sciences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>SOCIOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO REFORMULATING GAME THEORY: Norms, Roles, Institutions and Socio-cultural Formations in Cognitive Structuring and Action Determination Processe
2018 (English)In: Social SciencesArticle in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338411 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-09 Created: 2018-01-09 Last updated: 2018-01-09
Burns, T., Roszkowska, E., Corte, U. & Machado, N. (2018). SOCIOLOGICAL GAME THEORY: AGENCY, SOCIAL STRUCTURES AND INTERACTION PROCESSES. Optimum: Economic Studies, 79(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>SOCIOLOGICAL GAME THEORY: AGENCY, SOCIAL STRUCTURES AND INTERACTION PROCESSES
2018 (English)In: Optimum: Economic Studies, Vol. 79, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) In press
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338410 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-09 Created: 2018-01-09 Last updated: 2018-01-09
Carson, M. & Burns, T. (2018). The theory of public policy paradigm shifts application to selected environmental policies: a social systems theoretical perspective. In: : . Paper presented at XIX ISA (International Sociological Association) World Congress of Sociology Toronto, Canada, July 15-21, 2018 Power, Violence and Justice: Reflections, Responses and Responsibilities.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The theory of public policy paradigm shifts application to selected environmental policies: a social systems theoretical perspective
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper conceptualizes public policy paradigm shifts in areas of environmental policy. Drawing on earlier work utilizing a social systems approach (ASD), the paper specifies the architecture of public policy paradigms and the mechanisms that contribute to shifts or reforms in paradigms. The theory is applied to major paradigm shifts in international agreements aimed at environmental protection, in particular,  bio-diversity policies. The shifts entail a reformulation from protecting specified individual species, locations, or environmental features to a more systemic perspective that emphasizes ecosystems, biodiversity, and system interactions that include people. In short, it is a shift from a very particularistic, differentiated view of nature in terms of individual flora and fauna to a much more holistic view. The research presented (theory and empirical cases) indicates  that such shifts consists of multiple changes: in goals, responsible agents, expert groups; also, changes in problem definitions, conceptualizations/models of the problems, the solution complex, the particular methods and technologies to be used in solutions. The article applies the theory to Nordic area cases of major policy shifts in the regulation of the use of water resources and wetlands as well  biodiversity generally.

National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338665 (URN)
Conference
XIX ISA (International Sociological Association) World Congress of Sociology Toronto, Canada, July 15-21, 2018 Power, Violence and Justice: Reflections, Responses and Responsibilities
Available from: 2018-01-11 Created: 2018-01-11 Last updated: 2018-02-16Bibliographically approved
Burns, T. R. & Machado, N. (2017). A Sustainable Development Perspective. In: Ilan Kelman, Jessica Mercer, JC Gaillard (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation: . London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Sustainable Development Perspective
2017 (English)In: Routledge Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation / [ed] Ilan Kelman, Jessica Mercer, JC Gaillard, London: Routledge, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2017
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-271183 (URN)9781138924567 (ISBN)9781315684260 (ISBN)
Funder
Welfare and Life-course
Available from: 2016-01-06 Created: 2016-01-06 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Burns, T. (2017). Boom and Bust Cycles in Financial Markets: Causes and Cures: Multiple Contradictory Functions of Money and Collective Action Problems. Theoretical Economics Letters, 7(4), 914-928
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Boom and Bust Cycles in Financial Markets: Causes and Cures: Multiple Contradictory Functions of Money and Collective Action Problems
2017 (English)In: Theoretical Economics Letters, ISSN 2162-2078, E-ISSN 2162-2086, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 914-928Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this conceptualization article is to formulate propositions about: (1) systemic faults in established money and financial systems, in particular the mechanisms that make for boom-and-bust cycles; and (2) the cognitive and action factors which limit the central banks capabilities to consistently and effectively to regulate or to limit these cycles. Drawing on earlier research (our own as well as that of others), this conceptualization is presented in Section 1. Section 2 identifies a new design and institutional arrangement, which would minimize the boom-and-bust predispositions in money and financial systems. This work builds on earlier research invested in “the Chicago Plan” (from the 1930s) in addition to our own research. Section 3 considers the expected political and ideological constraints on reforming financial systems. Previously operating constraints—including Neo-liberal erosion of New Deal banking arguments and reforms—make for formidable barriers. The paper concludes that reform is necessary—if boom-and-bust cycles on the scale of those since 1929 are to be effectively regulated; but it is suggested that such reform is politically and ideologically difficult if not impossible in the short-run.

National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338399 (URN)10.4236/tel.2017.74062 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-01-08 Created: 2018-01-08 Last updated: 2018-02-02Bibliographically approved
Burns, T. & Machado Des Johansson, N. (2017). Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation: A Sustainable Development Systems Perspective. Sustainability, 9(2), Article ID 93.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation: A Sustainable Development Systems Perspective
2017 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 9, no 2, article id 93Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article considers the concepts of sustainability and sustainable development in relation to disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation. We conceptualize sustainability from a social systemic perspective, that is, from a perspective that encompasses the multiple functionalities of a social system and their interrelationships in particular environmental contexts. The systems perspective is applied in our consideration and analysis of disaster risk reduction (DRR), climate change adaptation (CCA), and sustainable development (SD). Section “Sustainability and Sustainable Development” introduces briefly sustainability and sustainable development, followed by a brief presentation of the theory of complex social systems (Section “Social System Model”). The theory conceptualizes interdependent subsystems, their multiple functionalities, and the agential and systemic responses to internal and external stressors on a social system. Section “Case Studies of Response to Stressors” considers disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA), emerging in response to one or more systemic stressors. It illustrates these with disaster risk reduction in the cases of food and chemical security regulation in the EU. CCA is illustrated by initiatives and developments on the island of Gotland, Sweden and in the Gothenburg Metropolitan area, which go beyond a limited CCA perspective, taking into account long-term sustainability issues. Section “Sustainable Development as a Societal Development System” discusses the limitations of DRR and CCA, not only their technical limitations but economic, socio-cultural, and political limitations, as informed from a sustainability perspective. It is argued that DRRs are only partial subsystems and must be considered and assessed in the context of a more encompassing systemic perspective. Part of the discussion is focused on the distinction between sustainable and non-sustainable DRRs and CCAs. Section “Concluding Remarks” presents a few concluding remarks about the importance of a systemic perspective in analyzing DRR and CCA as well as other similar subsystems in terms of sustainable development.

Keywords
Social systems theory, sustainability, disaster risk reduction (DRR), climate change adaptation (CCA)
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-312273 (URN)10.3390/su9020293 (DOI)000395590500135 ()
Funder
Welfare and Life-course
Available from: 2017-01-09 Created: 2017-01-09 Last updated: 2018-02-02Bibliographically approved
Burns, T., Roszkowska, E., Corte, U. & Machado, N. (2017). Linking Group Theory to Social Science Game Theory: Interaction Grammars, Group Subcultures and Games for Comparative Analysis. Social Sciences, 6, 1-36
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Linking Group Theory to Social Science Game Theory: Interaction Grammars, Group Subcultures and Games for Comparative Analysis
2017 (English)In: Social Sciences, Vol. 6, p. 1-36Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338402 (URN)10.3390/socsci6030107 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-01-09 Created: 2018-01-09 Last updated: 2018-02-08Bibliographically approved
Burns, T. & Roszkowska, E. (2017). Rational Choice. In: Fathali M. Moghaddam (Ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Political Behavior: . London: Sage Publications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rational Choice
2017 (English)In: The SAGE Encyclopedia of Political Behavior / [ed] Fathali M. Moghaddam, London: Sage Publications, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Sage Publications, 2017
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338394 (URN)9781483391168 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-01-08 Created: 2018-01-08 Last updated: 2018-02-01Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9350-8652

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