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Tralau, Johan
Publications (10 of 32) Show all publications
Tralau, J. (2017). Cannibalism, Vegetarianism and the Community of Sacrifice: Rediscovering Euripides’ Cretans and the Beginnings of Political Philosophy. Classical Philology, 112(4), 435-455
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cannibalism, Vegetarianism and the Community of Sacrifice: Rediscovering Euripides’ Cretans and the Beginnings of Political Philosophy
2017 (English)In: Classical Philology, ISSN 0009-837X, E-ISSN 1546-072X, Vol. 112, no 4, p. 435-455Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keyword
Cannibalism, vegetarianism, Euripides, Orphism, argumentation, rationality, political philosphy
National Category
Languages and Literature Philosophy, Ethics and Religion Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-270909 (URN)10.1086/694569 (DOI)
Projects
The Origins of Political Philosophy in Ancient Greece
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, RFP12-0518:1
Available from: 2016-01-04 Created: 2016-01-04 Last updated: 2017-11-17Bibliographically approved
Tralau, J. (2016). A Portrait of the Warrior as a Beast: Hunter, Soldier, Man and Animal in Sophokles’ Trachiniai and Schwarzenegger’s Predator. In: Peter Haldén & Peter Jackson (Ed.), Transforming Warriors: The Ritual Organization of Military Force. Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Portrait of the Warrior as a Beast: Hunter, Soldier, Man and Animal in Sophokles’ Trachiniai and Schwarzenegger’s Predator
2016 (English)In: Transforming Warriors: The Ritual Organization of Military Force / [ed] Peter Haldén & Peter Jackson, Routledge, 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2016
National Category
Classical Archaeology and Ancient History Cultural Studies History of Ideas History of Religions General Literature Studies Studies on Film Visual Arts Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-270911 (URN)9781138642836 (ISBN)9781315629711 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-01-04 Created: 2016-01-04 Last updated: 2017-05-12Bibliographically approved
Tralau, J. (2016). Gobierno subliminal: Lecciones secretas de la teoría hobbesiana de las imágenes, la representación y la política. Las Torres de Lucca. Revista Internacional de Filosofia Política, 5(9), 61-89
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gobierno subliminal: Lecciones secretas de la teoría hobbesiana de las imágenes, la representación y la política
2016 (Spanish)In: Las Torres de Lucca. Revista Internacional de Filosofia Política, ISSN 2255-3827, Vol. 5, no 9, p. 61-89Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent research on Hobbes has paid great attention to his use of images. Yet a serious possible objection remains: it could be argued that Hobbes relates his own production of imagery neither to politics nor to his theory of perception, and that we have hence no reason to believe that his images are an application of such a doctrine. The purpose of this paper is to show that Hobbes does indeed —in an implicit way— link his image-making and his psychological theory to political order. First, the paper reconstructs Hobbes’s theory of perception and its implications. Second, it is shown that Leviathan covertly establishes the link between the theory of images and political images, by implication including the ones created by Hobbes himself. Third, it is shown that Hobbes’s Leviathan on rare occasions uncovers its role as a device for seeing, for making the reader see the images that Hobbes considers necessary. Finally, we discuss the implications of this discovery for our understanding of Hobbes and for the understanding of visuality and images in political thought.

Abstract [es]

Los estudios recientes sobre Hobbes han puesto una gran atención en el uso de las imágenes. Permanece, sin embargo, una objeción seria y factible: se podría argumentar que Hobbes no relaciona su producción de imágenes, ni a su política, ni a su teoría de la percepción y que, por tanto, no tenemos razón para creer que sus imágenes son una aplicación de esta doctrina. El propósito de este trabajo es mostrar que Hobbes de hecho sí vincula —de un modo implícito— la construcción de imágenes y su teoría psicológica al orden político. Primero, el artículo reconstruye la teoría hobbesiana de la percepción y sus implicaciones. Segundo, se muestra que el Leviathan establece encubiertamente el vínculo entre la teoría de las imágenes y las imágenes políticas, incluyendo, por consiguiente, las creadas por el propio Hobbes. Tercero, se muestra que el Leviatán de Hobbes rara vez descubre su rol como dispositivo para ver, para hacer que el lector vea imágenes que él considera necesarias. Finalmente, se discuten las consecuencias de este descubrimiento para nuestra comprensión de Hobbes y de la visualidad y las imágenes en el pensamiento político.

Keyword
Thomas Hobbes, images, perception, tolerance, paganism
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-311978 (URN)000390243000003 ()
Projects
Thomas Hobbes sista hemlighet
Available from: 2017-01-04 Created: 2017-01-04 Last updated: 2017-01-25Bibliographically approved
Tralau, J. (2016). The Justice of the Chimaira: Goat, Snake, Lion, and Almost the Entire Oresteia in a Little Monstrous Image. Arion, 24(2), 41-67
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Justice of the Chimaira: Goat, Snake, Lion, and Almost the Entire Oresteia in a Little Monstrous Image
2016 (English)In: Arion, ISSN 0095-5809, E-ISSN 2327-6436, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 41-67Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keyword
Chimaira, Aischylos, Goat, Lion, Snake, Justice, Right
National Category
Classical Archaeology and Ancient History Political Science Specific Literatures
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-310393 (URN)000389121300004 ()
Funder
Birgit och Gad Rausings stiftelse för Humanistisk Forskning
Available from: 2016-12-15 Created: 2016-12-15 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Tralau, J. (2015). Monstret i mig: Myter om gränser och vilddjur. Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlantis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Monstret i mig: Myter om gränser och vilddjur
2015 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlantis, 2015. p. 207
Keyword
Monster, myth, Minotaur, Centaur, Herakles, animal, cow, bull, horse, incest, combat, hunting
National Category
Philosophy, Ethics and Religion Languages and Literature Arts Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-241522 (URN)9789173537605 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-01-13 Created: 2015-01-13 Last updated: 2015-06-09Bibliographically approved
Tralau, J. (2014). Deception, Politics and Aesthetics: The Importance of Hobbes’s Concept of Metaphor. Contemporary Political Theory, 13(2), 112-129
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Deception, Politics and Aesthetics: The Importance of Hobbes’s Concept of Metaphor
2014 (English)In: Contemporary Political Theory, ISSN 1470-8914, E-ISSN 1476-9336, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 112-129Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In recent years, we have witnessed renewed interest in metaphors in political theory. In this context, Hobbes’s theory of metaphor is of great importance as it helps us understand aesthetic qualities in theory and politics. This article argues that in the work of Hobbes – often portrayed as hostile to the use of metaphor, especially so by himself – there is a remarkable discrepancy between his professed enmity to metaphor and his own use of the very word ‘metaphor’. In a philosopher who censures conceptual imprecision, we ␣nd a fundamentally inconsistent and ever-changing use of this key term. This inconsistency can be accounted for if we relate it to Hobbes’s own often neglected poetics and his theory of the need for conceptual innovation. This will help solve riddles that have haunted Hobbes studies. Moreover, we must discover Hobbes’s theory of metaphor as a source of potential insights into the way in which political and theoretical languages operate with regard to aesthetic pleasure through linguistic change. Hobbes’s theory can thus make us understand the importance of something being new, that is, how theoretical languages need novelty in order to be pleasant and persuasive.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014
Keyword
Thomas Hobbes; Aristotle; metaphor; political philosophy; images; aesthetics
National Category
Philosophy History of Ideas Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-216408 (URN)10.1057/cpt.2013.18 (DOI)000334474900001 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2014-01-21 Created: 2014-01-21 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Kristiansson, M. & Tralau, J. (2014). Hobbes’s Hidden Monster: A New Interpretation of the Frontispiece of Leviathan. European Journal of Political Theory, 13(3), 299-320
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hobbes’s Hidden Monster: A New Interpretation of the Frontispiece of Leviathan
2014 (English)In: European Journal of Political Theory, ISSN 1474-8851, E-ISSN 1741-2730, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 299-320Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In recent years, much work has been done on the role of images in Hobbes. But there is an unsolved riddle with regard to the famous frontispiece of Leviathan (1651). Why is there nothing monstrous in the sovereign body depicted, despite the fact that it is named for a Biblical sea monster? In this article it is argued that there is a monster just barely hidden in the image and that the iconographical tradition helps us rediscover this creature. We argue that this monstrosity serves a theoretical and political purpose pertaining to fear and imagery within Hobbes’s overall project and in the political con- text of his time. Moreover, we argue that the discovery of the hitherto unknown monster should make political theory and intellectual history sensitive to the role played by physical images in Hobbes as well as in political thought at large.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Sage Publications, 2014
Keyword
Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan, image, monster, animal
National Category
History of Ideas Arts Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-216407 (URN)10.1177/1474885113491954 (DOI)
Available from: 2014-01-21 Created: 2014-01-21 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Tralau, J. (2013). El Leviatán de Hobbes: La destrucción del Estado, Cristo y el vientre del cocodrilo. Foro Interno : Anuario de Teoría Política, 13, 119-138
Open this publication in new window or tab >>El Leviatán de Hobbes: La destrucción del Estado, Cristo y el vientre del cocodrilo
2013 (Spanish)In: Foro Interno : Anuario de Teoría Política, ISSN 1578-4576, E-ISSN 1988-2920, Vol. 13, p. 119-138Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, the author addresses the question why Thomas Hobbes named his philosophical magnum opus for the Biblical monster Leviathan (1651). It is argued that Hobbes was acutely aware of the political power of images. Moreover, the author claims that the image of Leviathan as the state alludes to a contemporaneous interpretation of Leviathan as a crocodile. By reconstructing the history of the crocodile in European thought, from Aristotle via Diodoros Siculus to influential Christian animal allegories, we can discover the kind of images conjured up by Hobbes’s use of the Leviathan. More specifically, it is shown that the crocodile was interpreted as an image of the Devil. According to influential ancient authors, the crocodile can be defeated by a little animal, the ichneumōn, that is devoured by the crocodile yet defeats it from within. Ancient and mediaeval bestiaries allegorically interpreted the animal as an image of the Christ. Furthermore, Hobbes, by many considered an atheist or deist, constructs metaphors and similes likening the Christian religion to something that is swallowed. By having the crocodile represent the state, Hobbes thus esoterically indicates his disagreements with Christianity and his belief that the Christian doctrine is destructive to the state and inferior to the pagan empires with regard to its capability of inducing law-abiding behaviour on the part of citizens.

Abstract [es]

En este artículo se aborda la cuestión de por qué Thomas Hobbes, consciente del poder político de las imágenes, tituló su opus magnum con el nombre del monstruo bíblico Leviathan (1651). El autor asegura que la imagen del Leviatán como el Estado alude a una interpretación contemporánea del monstruo como un cocodrilo. Más específicamente, se muestra cómo el cocodrilo fue interpretado como una imagen del diablo. Por otra parte, Hobbes, considerado por muchos un ateo o deísta, construye metáforas y símiles comparando la religión cristiana con algo que es tragado. Siendo conscientes de que el cocodrilo representa el Estado, Hobbes apunta esotéricamente sus desacuerdos con el cristianismo y su creencia de que la doctrina cristiana es destructiva para el Estado e inferior a los imperios paganos en su capacidad de inducir la obediencia de la ley por parte de los ciudadanos.

Keyword
Thomas Hobbes, cocodrilo, alegoría, Leviatán, Cristianidad, religión pagana
National Category
History of Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-216402 (URN)10.5209/rev_FOIN.2013.v13.43087 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2014-01-21 Created: 2014-01-21 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Tralau, J. (2013). Incest and Liberal Neutrality*. The Journal of Political Philosophy, 21(1), 87-105
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Incest and Liberal Neutrality*
2013 (English)In: The Journal of Political Philosophy, ISSN 0963-8016, E-ISSN 1467-9760, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 87-105Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-197051 (URN)10.1111/j.1467-9760.2011.00413.x (DOI)000315051800005 ()
Available from: 2013-03-19 Created: 2013-03-18 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Tralau, J. (2013). Introduksjon til politisk teori. Oslo: Gyldendal Akademisk
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduksjon til politisk teori
2013 (Norwegian)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [no]

Tanken med denne boken er å forklare hvordan prinsipper fungerer som grunnlag for politisk tenkning.

Dessuten hva begrepsanalyse, empiriske observasjoner av virkeligheten og tolkning av eldre og nyere ideer kan bidra med i politisk teori.

Politisk teori handler om å lære å gi gjennomtenkte svar på vanskelige politiske, samfunnsmessige og moralske problemer. Da er det viktig ikke å la ens egne politiske overbevisninger styres av lettvint synsing eller vage følelser, men heller gi seg i kast med dem ved hjelp av intellektet. I boken vises det hvordan argumenter om riktig og galt i politiske saker kan bygges opp, og videre hvordan slike argumenter kan diskuteres og kritiseres, forkastes eller beholdes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Gyldendal Akademisk, 2013. p. 111
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-209643 (URN)978820545252 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-10-22 Created: 2013-10-22 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
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