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Zetterberg, Pär
Publications (10 of 36) Show all publications
Hughes, M. M., Paxton, P., Clayton, A. B. & Zetterberg, P. (2019). Global Gender Quota Adoption, Implementation, and Reform. Comparative politics, 51(2), 219-238
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Global Gender Quota Adoption, Implementation, and Reform
2019 (English)In: Comparative politics, ISSN 0010-4159, E-ISSN 2151-6227, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 219-238Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Over the last fifty years, gender quotas have transformed the composition of national legislatures worldwide. But a lack of systematic cross-national longitudinal data limits the questions researchers are able to ask about quotas. This article introduces a new dataset-QAROT (Quota Adoption and Reform Over Time)-the first global dataset on gender quota adoption, implementation, and reform over time. Theoretically, we clarify important issues in extant quota research. The dataset moves beyond traditional categorizations of quota policies with new measures of quota design, quota thresholds, placement mandates, sanctions for non-compliance, and quota effectiveness. We also create a single-variable measure of the presence of an effective quota to be used by comparative politics researchers to control for this powerful institutional feature.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SHERIDAN PRESS, 2019
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-376885 (URN)10.5129/001041519825256650 (DOI)000456357800004 ()
Available from: 2019-02-13 Created: 2019-02-13 Last updated: 2019-02-13Bibliographically approved
Bjarnegård, E. & Zetterberg, P. (2019). Political parties, formal selection criteria, and gendered parliamentary representation. Party Politics, 25(3), 325-335
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Political parties, formal selection criteria, and gendered parliamentary representation
2019 (English)In: Party Politics, ISSN 1354-0688, E-ISSN 1460-3683, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 325-335Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Political parties sometimes set up formal criteria to define the pool of potential candidates. This article represents the first large-scale comparative analysis of potential unintended gendered consequences of these formal selection criteria for parliamentary representation. Using unique data on 101 political parties in 32 African, Asian, and postcommunist European countries, we find that there is indeed a relationship between formal selection criteria and men's and women's political representation. Criteria that concern ethnic or geographic background and intraparty experiences are harmful to women. On the other hand, gendered consequences are not as pronounced as a result of criteria concerning qualifications or requirements in relation to electability. Taken together, the analysis points to the need to pay increased attention to formal selection criteria and how this under-researched aspect of candidate selection shapes the parliamentary representation of underrepresented groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD, 2019
Keywords
candidate selection, formal selection criteria, gender, political parties, representation, feminist institutionalism
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-383848 (URN)10.1177/1354068817715552 (DOI)000466430900004 ()
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P10-0801:1
Available from: 2019-05-24 Created: 2019-05-24 Last updated: 2019-05-24Bibliographically approved
Bergqvist, C., Bjarnegård, E. & Zetterberg, P. (2018). A Feminist Opposition to Gender Equality?: Making Sense of the Social Democratic Party's Internal Struggle over Extending Parental-Leave Quotas in Sweden. In: Mieke Verloo (Ed.), Varieties of Opposition to Gender Equality in Europe: . Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Feminist Opposition to Gender Equality?: Making Sense of the Social Democratic Party's Internal Struggle over Extending Parental-Leave Quotas in Sweden
2018 (English)In: Varieties of Opposition to Gender Equality in Europe / [ed] Mieke Verloo, Routledge, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
Series
Gender and Comparative Politics
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-372421 (URN)978-1-138-64960-6 (ISBN)978-1-315-62574-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-07 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-09-13Bibliographically approved
Bjarnegård, E., Yoon, M. Y. & Zetterberg, P. (2018). Gender Quotas and the Re(pro)duction of Corruption. In: Helena Stensöta and Lena Wängnerud (Ed.), Gender and Corruptoon: Historical Roots and New Avenues for Research. Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender Quotas and the Re(pro)duction of Corruption
2018 (English)In: Gender and Corruptoon: Historical Roots and New Avenues for Research / [ed] Helena Stensöta and Lena Wängnerud, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2018
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-372304 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-70929-1_6 (DOI)978-3-319-70928-4 (ISBN)978-3-319-70929-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-07 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-09-13Bibliographically approved
Clayton, A. & Zetterberg, P. (2018). Quota Shocks: Electoral Gender Quotas and Government Spending Priorities Worldwide. Journal of Politics, 80(3), 916-932
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quota Shocks: Electoral Gender Quotas and Government Spending Priorities Worldwide
2018 (English)In: Journal of Politics, ISSN 0022-3816, E-ISSN 1468-2508, Vol. 80, no 3, p. 916-932Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The rapid expansion of electoral gender quotas in the past few decades has been met with considerable scholarly and public attention. Despite this, there has been little empirical work examining the global legislative consequences of gender quotas over time. Developing a unique time-series cross-sectional data set from 139 states during the peak period of quota adoption and implementation (1995-2012), we test whether and how quotas are associated with subsequent changes in government spending priorities. We find that substantial quota shocks-those associated with a large increase in women's parliamentary representation-are followed by increased government expenditures toward public health. Further, we find that increases in health spending are offset by relative decreases in military spending and other spending categories. Our findings provide strong evidence that quota policies influence government priorities in historically feminized policy areas but principally when they are complied with and have substantial numerical consequences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
UNIV CHICAGO PRESS, 2018
Keywords
electoral gender quotas, government spending, representation, budget priorities, legislative politics
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-359878 (URN)10.1086/697251 (DOI)000436308500020 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2015-00955
Available from: 2018-09-07 Created: 2018-09-07 Last updated: 2018-12-11Bibliographically approved
Bergqvist, C., Bjarnegård, E. & Zetterberg, P. (2018). The Gendered Leeway: Male Privilege, Internal and External Mandates, and Gender Equality Policy Change. Politics, Groups, and Identities, 6(4), 576-592
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Gendered Leeway: Male Privilege, Internal and External Mandates, and Gender Equality Policy Change
2018 (English)In: Politics, Groups, and Identities, ISSN 2156-5503, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 576-592Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article addresses the question of why male politicians continue to be relatively unlikely to act in favor of gender-equality policy change, despite the advances in gender equality in recent decades. Drawing together literature on men and masculinities, feminist institutionalism and women’s substantive representation, we present a theoretical argument in which we distinguish between an internal and an external mandate to push for genderequality policy change. We argue that both these mandates apply to female politicians but not to their male colleagues. As a consequence, a gendered leeway exists: men have more leeway than women in political maneuvering. We illustrate this argument by analyzing high-ranked party representatives within the selflabelled feminist Swedish Social Democratic Party. This article contributes theoretically to the launching of a research agenda on the role of men in processes of gender-equality policy adoption.

Keywords
Gender equality, policy, men, masculinities, substantive representation, internal mandate, external mandate, feminist institutionalism
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-314938 (URN)10.1080/21565503.2016.1229627 (DOI)000449778500003 ()
Projects
“So far, no further? Gender equality initiatives on the Swedish labor market”
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2009-1350
Available from: 2017-02-07 Created: 2017-02-07 Last updated: 2019-01-23Bibliographically approved
Zetterberg, P. (2018). Women's Conditioned Access to Political Office in Mexico. In: Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer (Ed.), Gender and Representation in Latin America: (pp. 196-210). New York: Oxford University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Women's Conditioned Access to Political Office in Mexico
2018 (English)In: Gender and Representation in Latin America / [ed] Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer, New York: Oxford University Press, 2018, p. 196-210Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Oxford University Press, 2018
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-368822 (URN)9780190851231 (ISBN)9780190851262 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-12-07 Created: 2018-12-07 Last updated: 2019-04-11Bibliographically approved
Bjarnegård, E. & Zetterberg, P. (2016). Gender Equality Reforms on an Uneven Playing Field: Candidate Selection and Quota Implementation in Electoral Authoritarian Tanzania. Government and Opposition, 51(3), 464-486
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender Equality Reforms on an Uneven Playing Field: Candidate Selection and Quota Implementation in Electoral Authoritarian Tanzania
2016 (English)In: Government and Opposition, ISSN 0017-257X, E-ISSN 1477-7053, Vol. 51, no 3, p. 464-486Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article investigates the dynamics that gender quota reforms create withinand between government and opposition parties in electoral authoritariandominant-party states. A dominant-party state regularly holds relativelycompetitive elections, but the political playing field is skewed in favour of thegovernment party. We investigate the circumstances under which genderquotas’ goal of furthering political gender equality within political parties canbe reconciled with parties’ electoral concerns. We address these issues byanalysing the implementation of reserved seats by the three largest parties inthe dominant-party state of Tanzania. The empirical analysis suggests that theuneven playing field leaves an imprint on the specific priorities parties makewhen implementing candidate selection reforms. Because of large resource gapsbetween parties, the ruling party, Chama Cha Mapinduzi – (CCM), is able toreconcile gender equality concerns with power-maximizing partisan strategies toa greater extent than the opposition parties.

Keywords
political parties, gender quotas, dominant-party states, Tanzania, gender equality, candidate selection, electoral authoritarianism
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-289265 (URN)10.1017/gov.2016.10 (DOI)000375947700006 ()
Projects
Political parties and women’s political representation: The role of bureaucratized candidate selection procedures
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 421-2010- 1638
Available from: 2016-04-29 Created: 2016-04-29 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Lundin, M., Nordström-Skans, O. & Zetterberg, P. (2016). Leadership Experiences within Civil Organizations and Candidacy in Public Elections: Causal Evidence from a Quasi-Experimental Approach. Political Behavior, 38(2), 433-454
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Leadership Experiences within Civil Organizations and Candidacy in Public Elections: Causal Evidence from a Quasi-Experimental Approach
2016 (English)In: Political Behavior, ISSN 0190-9320, E-ISSN 1573-6687, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 433-454Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Standing as a candidate in public elections has been characterized as the ultimate act of political participation. We test the hypothesis that acquiring office within civil organizations increases the probability of becoming a candidate in public elections. In order to take self-selection problems into account, we provide quasi-experimental evidence using election discontinuities, in which we compare the likelihood of being nominated for public office between closely ranked winners and losers in Swedish student union (SU) elections. Our original data cover 5,000 SU candidates and register data on their candidacies in public elections (1991–2010). The analysis provides support to the hypothesis: Students elected to SU councils were about 34 percent (6 percentage points) more likely to become a candidate in a public election than SU council candidates who were not elected. The causal impact is fairly stable over time. The analysis makes important contributions to two interrelated bodies of literature: First, it provides political recruitment literature with causal evidence that acquiring leadership experiences at arenas outside of representative democ­ratic institutions facilitate entry into election processes. Second, it provides strong evidence to an increasingly contested issue within political participation research by showing that certain organizational activities increase individuals’ political involvement.

National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-270193 (URN)10.1007/s11109-015-9320-x (DOI)000374964200008 ()
Projects
Kåren och karriären: Kausala effekter av studentpolitiskt engagemang
Funder
Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU), 148/09
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Bjarnegård, E. & Zetterberg, P. (2016). Political Parties and Gender Quota Implementation: The Role of Bureaucratized Candidate Selection Processes. Comparative politics, 48(3), 393-417
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Political Parties and Gender Quota Implementation: The Role of Bureaucratized Candidate Selection Processes
2016 (English)In: Comparative politics, ISSN 0010-4159, E-ISSN 2151-6227, Vol. 48, no 3, p. 393-417Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article scrutinizes the role of political parties in gender quota implementation. First, it theoretically specifies and operationalizes the concept of bureaucratization in relation to candidate selection. Second, it examines whether parties with bureaucratized selection procedures are better at implementing legally mandated candidate quotas than other parties. We measure implementation as the number of women candidates and women elected (the latter measuring implementation of the spirit of quota laws). Using unique data on almost 100 Latin American parties, the analysis shows that once quotas are in place, parties with bureaucratized selection procedures put substantially more women on their candidate lists than other parties. However, these parties are only better at implementing the letter of the law: they do not get more women elected.

National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-281307 (URN)10.5129/001041516818254400 (DOI)000373031300006 ()
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P10-0801:1
Available from: 2016-03-22 Created: 2016-03-22 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
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