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Fransson, Mari
Publications (10 of 14) Show all publications
Frick, M. A., Forslund, T., Fransson, M., Johansson, M., Bohlin, G. & Brocki, K. C. (2018). The role of sustained attention, maternal sensitivity, and infant temperament in the development of early self-regulation. British Journal of Psychology, 109(2), 277-298
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of sustained attention, maternal sensitivity, and infant temperament in the development of early self-regulation
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2018 (English)In: British Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0007-1269, E-ISSN 2044-8295, Vol. 109, no 2, p. 277-298Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigated infant predictors of early cognitive and emotional self-regulation from an intrinsic and caregiving environmental perspective. Sustained attention, reactive aspects of infant temperament, and maternal sensitivity were assessed at 10months (n=124) and early self-regulation (including executive functions, EF, and emotion regulation) was assessed at 18months. The results indicated that sustained attention predicted early EF, which provide empirical support for the hierarchical framework of EF development, advocating early attention as a foundation for the development of cognitive self-regulation. Maternal sensitivity and surgency predicted emotion regulation, in that infants of sensitive mothers showed more regulatory behaviours and a longer latency to distress, whereas high levels of surgency predicted low emotion regulation, suggesting both the caregiving environment and temperament as important in the development of self-regulation. Interaction effects suggested high sustained attention to be a protective factor for children of insensitive mothers, in relation to emotion regulation. In addition, high levels of maternal sensitivity seemed to foster development of emotion regulation among children with low to medium levels of sustained attention and/or surgency. In all, our findings point to the importance of both intrinsic and extrinsic factors in infant development of self-regulation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY, 2018
Keywords
emotion regulation, executive functions, infant temperament, maternal sensitivity, self-regulation, sustained attention
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-352572 (URN)10.1111/bjop.12266 (DOI)000429702400007 ()28895129 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 421-2012-1222
Available from: 2018-08-07 Created: 2018-08-07 Last updated: 2019-03-26Bibliographically approved
Lindberg, L., Fransson, M., Forslund, T., Springer, L. & Granqvist, P. (2017). Maternal Sensitivity in Mothers with Mild Intellectual Disabilities is Related to Experiences of Maltreatment and Predictive of Child Attachment: A Matched-Comparison Study. JARID: Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities, 30(3), 445-455
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Maternal Sensitivity in Mothers with Mild Intellectual Disabilities is Related to Experiences of Maltreatment and Predictive of Child Attachment: A Matched-Comparison Study
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2017 (English)In: JARID: Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities, ISSN 1360-2322, E-ISSN 1468-3148, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 445-455Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Scientific knowledge on the quality of caregiving/maternal sensitivity among mothers with mild intellectual disabilities (ID) is limited and subject to many methodological shortcomings, but seems to suggest that these mothers are less sensitive than mothers without intellectual disabilities.

Methods: In this matched-comparison study (N=48), the present authors observed maternal sensitivity for 20min in four different laboratory play situations. The study also included semi-structured interviews to assess maternal experiences of maltreatment and child attachment.

Results: The present authors found significantly lower sensitivity among mothers with intellectual disabilities than among a comparison group of mothers without intellectual disabilities. Among mothers with intellectual disabilities, low sensitivity was related to maternal experiences of maltreatment and predictive of disorganized child attachment. In the comparison group, high maternal sensitivity was related to partner presence and social support, and predictive of child intelligence.

Conclusions: The present authors highlight the importance of attending to intellectual disabilities mothers' history of receiving care to understand their capacity for giving adequate care.

Keywords
attachment, intellectual disabilities, intelligence, maltreatment, maternal sensitivity
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-322095 (URN)10.1111/jar.12300 (DOI)000398841100004 ()27878912 (PubMedID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, Dnr 2005-0328
Available from: 2017-05-16 Created: 2017-05-16 Last updated: 2017-05-16Bibliographically approved
Fransson, M., Granqvist, P., Marciszko, C., Hagekull, B. & Bohlin, G. (2016). Is middle childhood attachment related to social functioning in young adulthood?. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 57(2), 108-116
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is middle childhood attachment related to social functioning in young adulthood?
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2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 57, no 2, p. 108-116Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of the present study (N = 69) was to examine whether middle childhood attachment, measured using the Separation Anxiety Test (Slough, Goyette & Greenberg, 1988), predicts aspects of social functioning (social initiative, prosocial orientation, social anxiety, loneliness) in young adulthood. Insecurity-avoidance at age 8.5 years was, as expected, negatively related to social initiative and prosocial orientation, and was also positively related to social anxiety and loneliness at age 21 years. In addition, insecurity-avoidance contributed to developmental change in social anxiety from middle childhood to young adulthood. Contrary to our expectations, the two security scales were generally unrelated to future social functioning. Taken together, these results extend previous research by showing that insecurity-avoidance is related to social functioning also beyond childhood and adolescence, and that it contributes to developmental change in social functioning over time. The scarcity of prospective links for the attachment security scales points to the need for future studies addressing when and why attachment does not contribute to future social functioning.

National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-280478 (URN)DOI: 10.1111/sjop.12276 (DOI)000372356600002 ()
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilRiksbankens Jubileumsfond
Available from: 2016-03-10 Created: 2016-03-10 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Granqvist, P., Hesse, E., Fransson, M., Main, M., Hagekull, B. & Bohlin, G. (2016). Prior participation in the strange situation and overstress jointly facilitate disorganized behaviours: implications for theory, research and practice. Attachment & Human Development, 18(3), 235-249
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Prior participation in the strange situation and overstress jointly facilitate disorganized behaviours: implications for theory, research and practice
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2016 (English)In: Attachment & Human Development, ISSN 1461-6734, E-ISSN 1469-2988, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 235-249Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We seek to understand why a relatively high percentage (39%; vs the meta-analytic average, 15-18%) of disorganized/disoriented (D) classifications has accrued in the low-risk Uppsala Longitudinal Study (ULS) study, using experienced D coders. Prior research indicates that D behaviours do not always indicate attachment disorganization stemming from a history of frightening caregiving. We examined the role of two other presumed factors: participation in a previous strange situation and overstress. Our findings indicate that both factors were highly prevalent in the ULS sample and that they jointly predicted higher rates of D. First, participation in a previous strange situation was associated with significantly higher distress displays during the second visit than occurred among previously untested children, suggesting that prior participation in the strange situation had a sensitizing effect on child distress during the second visit. Second, unless separations were cut short in lieu of high distress during the second visit, re-tested children were disproportionately likely (ca 60%) to be classified D. We argue that these findings have important implications for theory, research, and practice. In particular, we conclude that practitioners must refrain from misattributing the appearance of any D behaviors observed to a history of maltreatment.

Keywords
strange situation; equifinality; measurement; disorganized/disoriented; Attachment
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-280482 (URN)10.1080/14616734.2016.1151061 (DOI)000372197400002 ()26982875 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-03-10 Created: 2016-03-10 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Lindskog, M., Gredebäck, G., Marciszko, C., Kenward, B. & Fransson, M. (2015). A Measure of Individual Differences in Numerosity Discriminaton in Infants Using Eye-tracking. In: : . Paper presented at Presentation at the biennial meeting of the Society for Reserach in Child Development (SRCD) Philadelphia, USA. March 2015..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Measure of Individual Differences in Numerosity Discriminaton in Infants Using Eye-tracking
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2015 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-284544 (URN)
Conference
Presentation at the biennial meeting of the Society for Reserach in Child Development (SRCD) Philadelphia, USA. March 2015.
Available from: 2016-04-18 Created: 2016-04-18 Last updated: 2017-01-25
Lindskog, M., Gredebäck, G., Marciszko, C., Kenward, B. & Fransson, M. (2015). Development of Geometric Acuity in Infants. In: : . Paper presented at Presentation at the biennial meeting of the Society for Reserach in Child Development (SRCD) Philadelphia, USA. March 2015..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development of Geometric Acuity in Infants
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2015 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-284545 (URN)
Conference
Presentation at the biennial meeting of the Society for Reserach in Child Development (SRCD) Philadelphia, USA. March 2015.
Available from: 2016-04-18 Created: 2016-04-18 Last updated: 2017-01-25
Fransson, M. (2015). The Contribution of Middle Childhood Attachment to Social Functioning in Young Adulthood. In: : . Paper presented at Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Meeting, Philadelphia, USA. March 2015..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Contribution of Middle Childhood Attachment to Social Functioning in Young Adulthood
2015 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-284499 (URN)
Conference
Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Meeting, Philadelphia, USA. March 2015.
Available from: 2016-04-18 Created: 2016-04-18 Last updated: 2016-04-21
Lindskog, M., Gredebäck, G., Marciszko, C., Kenward, B. & Fransson, M. (2015). Within-Subjects Measurement of Numerosity Discrimination in Infants. In: : . Paper presented at SRCD, Society for Research in Child Development, Philadelphia, USA. March 2015..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Within-Subjects Measurement of Numerosity Discrimination in Infants
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2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-284546 (URN)
Conference
SRCD, Society for Research in Child Development, Philadelphia, USA. March 2015.
Available from: 2016-04-18 Created: 2016-04-18 Last updated: 2017-01-25
Fransson, M. (2014). Attachment and the Development of Personality and Social Functioning. (Doctoral dissertation). Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Attachment and the Development of Personality and Social Functioning
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

According to attachment theory, the establishment of an attachment bond to a caregiver not only provides the infant with protection from danger, but also many other resources presumably beneficial to the child’s general psychological development. Although there is substantial empirical support for a link between attachment security and social functioning in childhood and adolescence, less is known about whether childhood attachment contributes to social functioning beyond adolescence. Similarly, attachment has been found predictive of broad aspects of a person’s functioning, but few attempts have been made to link attachment to the currently dominating perspective on personality, the Five Factor Model (FFM). Results in Study I partially supported our expectations, by showing prospective links from middle childhood security to various aspects of social functioning in young adulthood. Further, security contributed to developmental change in social functioning from middle childhood to young adulthood. In Study II, middle childhood security was found to predict some of the FFM personality traits (primarily extraversion and openness) concurrently and prospectively, partially supporting our expectations. The third aim of this thesis was to address whether attachment disorganization, which has usually been found predictive of maladaptive phenomena, may predict also other, non-pathological outcomes. In Study II, we found that higher levels of disorganization in young adulthood were concurrently associated with more openness and lower conscientiousness. Furthermore, in Study III disorganization was shown to be concurrently associated with more New Age spirituality and more absorption in adulthood. In addition, absorption was, in accordance with our expectations, found to statistically mediate the link between disorganization and New Age spirituality. Hence, these findings supported our assumption that disorganization might be expressed in other life domains besides specifically maladaptive ones. Taken together, we suggest that attachment spreads its influence to a broad set of life domains through its continuous influence on general psychological components such as cognitive representations and self-regulation abilities. However, the modest strength of our results indicates that attachment is only one among several factors involved in the development of social functioning, personality traits, and spirituality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2014. p. 79
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 1652-9030 ; 98
Keywords
Social anxiety, loneliness, social competence, Adult Attachment Interview, Separation Anxiety Test, Five Factor Model, absorption, spirituality
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-221869 (URN)978-91-554-8980-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-06-04, Universitetshuset Sal IV, Biskopsgatan 3, Uppsala, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-05-14 Created: 2014-04-04 Last updated: 2014-07-25
Granqvist, P., Forslund, T., Fransson, M., Springer, L. & Lindberg, L. (2014). Mothers with intellectual disability, their experiences of maltreatment, and their children's attachment representations: a small-group matched comparison study. Attachment & Human Development, 16(5), 417-436
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mothers with intellectual disability, their experiences of maltreatment, and their children's attachment representations: a small-group matched comparison study
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2014 (English)In: Attachment & Human Development, ISSN 1461-6734, E-ISSN 1469-2988, Vol. 16, no 5, p. 417-436Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Maternal intellectual disability (ID) is regarded a risk factor in child development, but there is no scientific evidence on maternal ID in relation to children's attachment. Using a matched comparison design, a small group (n = 23) of mothers diagnosed with ID was studied to help fill this gap. Besides maternal ID, we examined the role of abuse/trauma/maltreatment (ATM) in the mothers' biographies, along with potential confounds. Comparison group mothers (n = 25) had normal variations in intelligence and matched mothers with ID on residential area, income, child age, and sex. History of maternal ATM was assessed using a semi-structured interview and was found to be significantly more likely in the ID group mothers' experience than the comparison group mothers. Children's (M age = 77 months) attachment representations were assessed with the Separation Anxiety Test. Among children of mothers with ID, a substantial minority (35%) had a secure and the vast majority (> 80%) an organized attachment representation. Mothers with ID who had suffered elevated ATM were significantly more likely to have children who were scored high on disorganization and insecurity. We discuss possible implications of our findings for societal considerations regarding parenting and child attachment in the context of parental ID status.

Keywords
attachment, intellectual disability, abuse/trauma/maltreatment, risk factor, matched comparison
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-233615 (URN)10.1080/14616734.2014.926946 (DOI)000341571500002 ()
Available from: 2014-10-08 Created: 2014-10-07 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
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