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Kreutz, Joakim
Publications (10 of 33) Show all publications
Brosché, J. & Kreutz, J. (2018). A responsibility to talk: mediation and violence against civilians. In: David Carment and Evan Hoffman (Ed.), International Mediation in a Fragile World: . New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A responsibility to talk: mediation and violence against civilians
2018 (English)In: International Mediation in a Fragile World / [ed] David Carment and Evan Hoffman, New York: Routledge, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2018
Keywords
mediation; one-sided violence; civil war; negotiations; human security
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-381359 (URN)
Available from: 2019-04-08 Created: 2019-04-08 Last updated: 2019-04-09
Kreutz, J. (2018). New Rebels in Postconflict Settings: The Principal-Agent Dilemma of Peacebuilding. Peace and Change, 43(2), 218-247
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New Rebels in Postconflict Settings: The Principal-Agent Dilemma of Peacebuilding
2018 (English)In: Peace and Change, ISSN 0149-0508, E-ISSN 1468-0130, Vol. 43, no 2, p. 218-247Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores the processes that lead to different types of civil war outbreak in postconflict societies, combining quantitative analysis with case studies of Myanmar and Sierra Leone to disaggregate situations in which former rebels resume fighting from those when new rebels emerge in the postconflict environment. The analysis, based in principal–agent theory, illuminates how relations between the government and ex‐rebel elites, group cohesion among rebels, and the relationship between the government and the ex‐combatants all can lead to resumed civil war. Its findings suggest that victories and settled conflicts are the most important outcome for preventing conflict recurrence by former rebels, but do not prevent the rise of new insurgencies. Moreover, the absence of government repression emerges as the factor most likely to reduce the risk of new rebellion.

National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-349276 (URN)10.1111/pech.12284 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-05734
Available from: 2018-04-24 Created: 2018-04-24 Last updated: 2018-04-25Bibliographically approved
Bjarnegård, E. & Kreutz, J. (2017). Debating the East Asian Peace: What it is. How it came about. Will it last?. Copenhagen: NIAS Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Debating the East Asian Peace: What it is. How it came about. Will it last?
2017 (English)Book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2017. p. 288
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-321979 (URN)978-87-7694-219-9 (ISBN)978-87-7694-220-5 (ISBN)
Projects
The East Asian Peace Programme
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, m10-0100:1
Available from: 2017-05-15 Created: 2017-05-15 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Brosché, J., Legnér, M., Kreutz, J. & Ijla, A. (2017). Heritage under Attack: motives for targeting cultural property during armed conflict. International Journal of Heritage Studies (IJHS), 23(3), 248-260
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Heritage under Attack: motives for targeting cultural property during armed conflict
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Heritage Studies (IJHS), ISSN 1352-7258, E-ISSN 1470-3610, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 248-260Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although attacks on cultural property have caused international outcry,our understanding of this phenomenon is still limited. In particular, littleresearch has been directed towards exploring the motivations for suchattacks. Therefore, we ask: What are the motives for attacking sites, buildingsor objects representing cultural heritage? By combining insights from peaceand conflict research with findings from heritage studies we present atypology of motivations for attacking cultural property. We identify four,not mutually exclusive, broad groups of motives: (i) attacks related to conflictgoals, in which cultural property is targeted because it is connected to theissue the warring parties are fighting over (ii), military-strategic attacks, inwhich the main motivation is to win tactical advantages in the conflict (iii),signalling attacks, in which cultural property is targeted as a low-risk targetthat signals the commitment of the aggressor, and (iv) economic incentiveswhere cultural property provides funding for warring parties. Our typologyoffers a theoretical structure for research about why, when, and by whom,cultural property is targeted. This is not only likely to provide academicbenefits, but also to contribute to the development of more effective toolsfor the protection of cultural property during armed conflict.

Keywords
Cultural heritage; cultural property; attacks; motives; armed conflict
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified History
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research; History of Art
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-308993 (URN)10.1080/13527258.2016.1261918 (DOI)000393883600005 ()
Projects
Attacks on Cultural Heritages: Causes and Consequences Examined from a Multidisciplinary Perspective
Funder
Magnus Bergvall Foundation, 2015-00813
Available from: 2016-12-01 Created: 2016-12-01 Last updated: 2018-01-02Bibliographically approved
Kreutz, J., Bjarnegård, E., Eck, K., Guthrey, H. L., Melander, E., Svensson, I. & Tønnesson, S. (2017). The East Asian Peace: will it last?. In: Elin Bjarnegård, Joakim Kreutz (Ed.), Debating the East Asian Peace: What it is, How it came about, Will it last? (pp. 281-296). Copenhagen: NIAS Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The East Asian Peace: will it last?
Show others...
2017 (English)In: Debating the East Asian Peace: What it is, How it came about, Will it last? / [ed] Elin Bjarnegård, Joakim Kreutz, Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2017, p. 281-296Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2017
Series
NIAS Studies in Asian Topics
National Category
Other Social Sciences Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-337593 (URN)978-87-7694-219-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-01-02 Created: 2018-01-02 Last updated: 2018-01-25Bibliographically approved
Brosché, J., Kreutz, J. & Legnér, M. (2016). Kulturarv i skottgluggen.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kulturarv i skottgluggen
2016 (Swedish)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

ANALYS Den Islamiska staten attacker mot Palmyra och andra kulturarv i Syrien och Irak har fått stor uppmärksamhet i internationella medier. Men attacker mot kulturarv i väpnade konflikter är inte unikt för IS, och dessa attacker kan ha en rad olika syften. Det skriver Johan Brosché, Joakim Kreutz och Mattias Legner utifrån ett nytt tvärvetenskapligt forskningsprojekt.

Keywords
Islamiska Staten, kulturarv, palmyra
National Category
Art History Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research; Conservation (HGO)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-313193 (URN)
Projects
Projektet "Attacker på kulturarv" vid Uppsala Universitet.
Note

Projektet "Attacker på kulturarv" vid Uppsala Universitet.

Available from: 2017-01-17 Created: 2017-01-17 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Kreutz, J. (2015). Civil war outcomes and successful peace: setting the record straight. Bonn: German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Civil war outcomes and successful peace: setting the record straight
2015 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bonn: German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), 2015. p. 4
Series
Briefing Paper, ISSN 1615-5483 ; 17/2015
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-266931 (URN)
Available from: 2015-11-13 Created: 2015-11-13 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Kreutz, J. (2015). Human Rights, Geostrategy, and EU Foreign Policy, 1989–2008. International Organization, 69(1), 195-217
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Human Rights, Geostrategy, and EU Foreign Policy, 1989–2008
2015 (English)In: International Organization, ISSN 0020-8183, E-ISSN 1531-5088, Vol. 69, no 1, p. 195-217Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Is foreign policy influenced by humanitarian concern, or are concepts such as human security merely rhetoric for traditional power politics? In this paper, I systematically explore whether military and economic interventions by the European Union are conducted in response to humanitarian atrocities. Using a multilevel modelling technique and a unique dataset of military and economic EU intervention 1989-2008, I find that this is the case, but that geostrategic concerns also influence EU action. Whilst the EU consistently is more likely to act against countries with greater civilian victimization, the size of the effect is influenced by spatial considerations. The EU is most attentive to human rights violations in non-EU European states, followed by countries in sub-Saharan Africa, while it has been least active in Asia and the Americas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015
Keywords
European Union, foreign policy, human rights, realism, international norms
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-206531 (URN)10.1017/S0020818314000368 (DOI)000347718100007 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2010-1514
Available from: 2013-09-01 Created: 2013-09-01 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Kreutz, J. & Laskaris, S. (2015). Rising powers and the responsibility to protect: Will the norm suvirve in the age of BRICS?. Global Affairs, 1(2), 149-158
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rising powers and the responsibility to protect: Will the norm suvirve in the age of BRICS?
2015 (English)In: Global Affairs, ISSN 2334-0479, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 149-158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

What is the view of the BRICS countries regarding the international community's Responsibility to Protect (RtoP) against civilian atrocities? This article revisits the debate on international humanitarian action in Libya and Syria in 2011–2012; a time with BRICS states as members of the United Nation Security Council. While BRICS countries from the outset had different views on RtoP, the experiences of the Libyan intervention led to a unanimous reluctance to initiate any humanitarian action in Syria. We find, however, that all BRICS except Russia in general are positive to the RtoP concept and are willing to participate in further developments to specify how and when it applies. On the basis of our analysis, we expect that RtoP will continue to be an important feature of international relations but that it primarily will be used against non-state actors and that the behaviour of the interveners may be subjected to UNSC scrutiny.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2015
Keywords
BRICS, humanitarian intervention, Libya, responsibility to protect, Syria
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-254215 (URN)10.1080/23340460.2015.1032174 (DOI)
Available from: 2015-06-05 Created: 2015-06-05 Last updated: 2016-12-02Bibliographically approved
Kreutz, J. (2015). Separating dirty war from dirty peace: Revisiting the conceptualization of state repression in quantitative data. European Political Science, 14(4), 458-472
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Separating dirty war from dirty peace: Revisiting the conceptualization of state repression in quantitative data
2015 (English)In: European Political Science, ISSN 1680-4333, E-ISSN 1682-0983, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 458-472Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

What is state repression? This article explores in detail how state repressionis conceptualized by the two most prevalent data sets employed byqualitative scholars: the Political Terror Scale (PTS) and the Cingranelli-Richards (CIRI) data set. The article uses disaggregated data on thecharacteristics of state’s repressive strategy and compare changes in thesesubcomponents in years when the overall measure of repression increasesor decreases. Following bivariate and multivariate analyses of eighteenWest African countries with a history of fluctuating human rights practices,the article finds that both the PTS and CIRI scores are primarily influencedby military involvement in human rights violations. The article highlightsthe need for more scholarship on the mechanisms behind the finding thatdemocracies are less repressive than other regimes and motivates morestudies on how and when repression decreases.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015
Keywords
State repression, Dataset, Dynamics
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-266930 (URN)10.1057/eps.2015.63 (DOI)000364798900005 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2010-1514
Available from: 2015-11-13 Created: 2015-11-13 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
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