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Svaleryd, Helena
Publications (10 of 15) Show all publications
Lundberg, E. & Svaleryd, H. (2017). Birth Order and Child Health. .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Birth Order and Child Health
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Previous research has established that birth order affects outcomes such as educational achievements, IQ and earnings. The mechanisms behind these effects are, however, still largely unknown. In this paper, we examine birth-order effects on health, and whether health at young age could be a transmission channel for birth-order effects observed later in life. We find no support for the birth-order effect having a biological origin; rather firstborns have worse health at birth. This disadvantage is reversed in early age and later-born siblings are more likely to be hospitalized for injuries and avoidable conditions, which could be related to less parental attention. In adolescence and as young adults, younger siblings are more likely to be of poor mental health and to be admitted to hospital for alcohol induced health conditions. We also critically test for reverse causality by estimating fertility responses to the health of existing children. We conclude that the effects on health are not severely biased; however, the large negative birth-order effects on infant mortality are partly due to endogenous fertility responses. Overall our results suggest that birth order effects are due to differential parental investment because parents’ time and resources are limited.

Publisher
49 p.
Series
Working paper / Department of Economics, Uppsala University (Online), ISSN 1653-6975 ; 2017:3
Keyword
Birth order, child health, parental behavior, endogenous fertility
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-317441 (URN)
Available from: 2017-03-14 Created: 2017-03-14 Last updated: 2017-03-15Bibliographically approved
Svaleryd, H. (2015). Self-employment and the local business cycle. Small Business Economics, 44(1), 55-70.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-employment and the local business cycle
2015 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 44, no 1, 55-70 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The business cycle is likely to be of importance for self-employment rates. When the economy is growing, business opportunities open up and encourage the set-up of new firms. In downturns self-employment may be a way to avoid unemployment. The strength of these pull and push factors may depend on the amount of human capital a person has. The findings in this paper show that although the local business cycle is of minor importance for total self-employment rates in Sweden there are heterogeneous effects across groups. People with higher human capital endowments are more likely to be pulled into self-employment, while those with lower human capital endowments are to a larger extent pushed into self-employment. This pattern is particularly strong for women. The study contributes to our knowledge of how individuals respond to business cycle changes as well as towards understanding why the association between the business cycle and self-employment rates differ across countries.

Keyword
Self-employment, local business cycle, panel data
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics; Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-224511 (URN)10.1007/s11187-014-9592-2 (DOI)000347409500004 ()
Available from: 2014-05-13 Created: 2014-05-13 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Mörk, E., Sjögren, A. & Svaleryd, H. (2014). Parental unemployment and child health. , 60(2).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parental unemployment and child health
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

We analyze to what extent health outcomes of Swedish children are worse among children whose parents become unemployed. To this end we combine Swedish hospitalization data for 1992-2007 for children 3-18 years of age with register data on parental unemployment. We find that children with unemployed parents are 17 percent more likely to be hospitalized than other children, but that most of the difference is driven by selection. A child fixed-effects approach suggests a small effect of parental unemployment on child health.

Publisher
37 p.
Series
Working paper / Department of Economics, Uppsala University (Online), ISSN 1653-6975 ; 2014:2
Keyword
Parental unemployment, child health, human capital
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-224253 (URN)
Available from: 2014-05-07 Created: 2014-05-07 Last updated: 2014-09-08Bibliographically approved
Mörk, E., Sjögren, A. & Svaleryd, H. (2014). Parental Unemployment and Child Health. CESifo Economic Studies, 60(2), 366-401.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parental Unemployment and Child Health
2014 (English)In: CESifo Economic Studies, ISSN 1610-241X, E-ISSN 1612-7501, Vol. 60, no 2, 366-401 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We analyze to what extent health outcomes of Swedish children are worse among children whose parents become unemployed. To this end we combine Swedish hospitalization data for 1992-2007 for children 3-18 years of age with register data on parental unemployment. We find that children with unemployed parents are 17% more likely to be hospitalized than other children, but that most of the difference is driven by selection. A child fixed-effects approach suggests a small effect of parental unemployment on child health. (JEL-codes: I12, J13).

Keyword
parental unemployment, child health, human capital
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-231507 (URN)10.1093/cesifo/ifu016 (DOI)000339901600005 ()
Available from: 2014-09-08 Created: 2014-09-08 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Mörk, E., Sjögren, A. & Svaleryd, H. (2013). Childcare costs and the demand for children-evidence from a nationwide reform. Journal of Population Economics, 26(1), 33-65.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Childcare costs and the demand for children-evidence from a nationwide reform
2013 (English)In: Journal of Population Economics, ISSN 0933-1433, E-ISSN 1432-1475, Vol. 26, no 1, 33-65 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Exploiting the exogenous variation in user fees caused by a Swedish childcare reform, we are able to identify the causal effect of childcare costs on fertility in a context in which childcare enrollment is almost universal, user fees are low, and labor force participation of mothers is very high. Anticipation of a reduction in childcare costs increased the number of first and higher-order births, but only seemed to affect the timing of second births. For families with many children we also find a marginally significant negative income effect on fertility.

Keyword
Childcare cost, Fertility, Quasi-experiment
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-184871 (URN)10.1007/s00148-011-0399-z (DOI)000310323600003 ()
Available from: 2012-11-21 Created: 2012-11-15 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Heyman, F., Svaleryd, H. & Vlachos, J. (2013). Competition, Takeovers and Gender Discrimination. Industrial & labor relations review, 66(2), 409-432.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Competition, Takeovers and Gender Discrimination
2013 (English)In: Industrial & labor relations review, ISSN 0019-7939, E-ISSN 2162-271X, Vol. 66, no 2, 409-432 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Theories of taste-based discrimination predict that competitive pressures will drive discriminatory behavior out of the market. The authors analyze how firm takeovers and product market competition affect firms’ gender composition and gender wage gap using detailed matched employer-employee data. Taking into account several endogeneity concerns while using a difference-in-difference framework, they find that the share of female employees increases as a result of an ownership change when product market competition is weak. Furthermore, a takeover reduces the gender wage gap. Although the estimated effects are small, the results support the main theoretical predictions.

National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-205867 (URN)000327163800005 ()
Available from: 2013-08-23 Created: 2013-08-23 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Svaleryd, H. (2013). Self-employment and the local business cycle. Uppsala.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-employment and the local business cycle
2013 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The business cycle is likely to be of importance for self-employment rates. When the economy is growing, business opportunities open up and encourage the set-up of new firms. In downturns, self-employment may be a way to avoid unemployment. The strength of these pull and push factors may depend on the amount of human capital a person has. The findings in this paper show that although the local business cycle is of minor importance for total self-employment rates in Sweden, there are heterogeneous effects across groups. People with higher human capital endowments are more likely to be pulled into self-employment, while those with lower human capital endowments are to a larger extent pushed into self-employment. This pattern is particularly strong for women

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: , 2013. 28 p.
Series
Working paper / Department of Economics, Uppsala University (Online), ISSN 1653-6975 ; 2013:15
Keyword
Self-employment, local business cycle, panel data
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-206313 (URN)
Available from: 2013-08-30 Created: 2013-08-30 Last updated: 2014-06-11Bibliographically approved
Hartman, L. & Svaleryd, H. (2010). Hur stor är risken för bestående hög arbetslöshet?. Ekonomisk Debatt, 38(6), 16-32.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hur stor är risken för bestående hög arbetslöshet?
2010 (Swedish)In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 38, no 6, 16-32 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Tidigare erfarenheter från djupa lågkonjunkturer visar att arbetslösheten tenderar att bestå även när konjunkturen vänder. Utvecklingen på den svenska arbetsmarknaden efter 1990-talskrisen är ett exempel på detta. I den här artikeln diskuterar vi denna risk i dagsläget. Vår analys baseras på en beskrivning av hur arbetslösheten utvecklats för olika grupper och på de förändringar som gjorts av institutionerna på arbetsmarknaden. Vår slutsats är att mycket tyder på att risken för att arbetslösheten kommer att bita sig fast på en hög nivå är mindre i dag än vad som var fallet efter 1990-talskrisen. Men risken finns att vi i Sverige dras ned i en djupare lågkonjunktur på grund av situationen i Europa och USA.

National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-206108 (URN)
Available from: 2013-08-27 Created: 2013-08-27 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Cronqvist, H., Heyman, F., Nilsson, M., Svaleryd, H. & Vlachos, J. (2009). Do Entrenched CEOs pay Their Workers More?. Journal of Finance, 64, 309-339.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do Entrenched CEOs pay Their Workers More?
Show others...
2009 (English)In: Journal of Finance, ISSN 0022-1082, E-ISSN 1540-6261, Vol. 64, 309-339 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-205878 (URN)10.1111/j.1540-6261.2008.01435.x (DOI)
Available from: 2013-08-23 Created: 2013-08-23 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Mörk, E., Sjögren, A. & Svaleryd, H. (2009). Effekter av barnomsorgsavgifter på barnafödandet. Ekonomisk Debatt, 37(2), 59-69.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effekter av barnomsorgsavgifter på barnafödandet
2009 (Swedish)In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 37, no 2, 59-69 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-108881 (URN)
Available from: 2009-10-01 Created: 2009-10-01 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
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