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Aspers, Patrik, Professor (chair)
Publications (10 of 72) Show all publications
Aspers, P. (2018). Forms of uncertainty reduction: decision, valuation, and contest. Theory and society, 47(2), 133-149
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Forms of uncertainty reduction: decision, valuation, and contest
2018 (English)In: Theory and society, ISSN 0304-2421, E-ISSN 1573-7853, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 133-149Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Uncertainty is an intriguing aspect of social life. Uncertainty is epistemic,future-oriented, and implies that we can neither predict nor foresee what will happenwhen acting. In cases in which no institutionalized certainty about future states exists,or can be generated, judgment is needed. This article presents the forms by whichuncertainty is reduced as a result of judgments made about different alternatives in aprocess involving several actors. This type of uncertainty may exist, for example, aboutwhich artist is the best, which offer in the market is more valuable, which football teamis better than all the rest, or which research proposal will get a grant. The result ofdifferent forms of uncertainty reduction is increased certainty concerning alternatives inrelation to one another, such as good and bad, rank lists, scores, quality assessment, andBwinner and losers.^ Based on the result, uncertainty is reduced and action is facilitated.The forms are structural and comprise roles; may be legitimate in a smaller or largerdomain; and may exist in all spheres of life, as exemplified in sports competitions, inlabor markets, and in the ranking of universities. Three forms of uncertainty reductionbased on judgment are identified in this article: (1) decision, made by an authority; (2)valuation, by means of which order arises as a result of actors ascribing values; and (3)contest, by which an order is the result of direct struggle.

Keywords
Uncertainty, value, market
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Probability Theory and Statistics
Research subject
Sociology; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-349201 (URN)10.1007/s11186-018-9311-0 (DOI)000429672200001 ()
Funder
EU, European Research Council, 263699
Available from: 2018-04-23 Created: 2018-04-23 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Aspers, P. (2016). Interview with Patrik Aspers: "Since There Are So Many Theories, We Should Focus on Really Good Empirical Research Instead". Economic Sociology, 17(5), 147-158
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interview with Patrik Aspers: "Since There Are So Many Theories, We Should Focus on Really Good Empirical Research Instead"
2016 (English)In: Economic Sociology, ISSN 1726-3247, E-ISSN 1726-3247, Vol. 17, no 5, p. 147-158Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Patrik Aspers is professor of sociology at Uppsala University (Uppsala Universitet). Maya Shmidt conducted this interview in Uppsala, Sweden, in September 2016. Aspers introduces readers to different academic paths by presenting his own experience of becoming a sociologist and comparing the structural and cultural differences between the American, British, and European academic contexts. During the conversation, Aspers discusses the field of economic sociology and highlights opportunities for interdisciplinary cooperation. Particularly, he notes that sociology has exported certain ideas to other disciplines, and due to the field's enduring tradition, extensive theoretical literature and ability to distinguish between and combine different research methods, there is no danger of "blurring" within cooperative efforts. Influenced by Harrison White's theory, Aspers develops a typology of different market forms. He argues that markets, when taken apart, do not look the same: they take different forms, and each requires its own construction of theoretical concepts that can account for the variety in the empirical reality. Aspers emphasizes the significance of clarifying and reflecting upon knowledge as elements of pre-study ("vorstudie") when it comes to qualitative research. He develops an empirical phenomenology method and presents it as a step-by-step procedure for conducting qualitative research.(1)

Keywords
empirical phenomenology, theorizing in sociology, interdisciplinarity in economic sociology, markets, market forms, stock exchange, markets in fashion, organization studies
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-315167 (URN)000391117200008 ()
Available from: 2017-02-09 Created: 2017-02-09 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Aspers, P. & Brunsson, N. (. l. (2015). Att organisera marknader: Slutrapport från ett forskningsprogram (1ed.). Stockohlm: Makadam Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att organisera marknader: Slutrapport från ett forskningsprogram
2015 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockohlm: Makadam Förlag, 2015. p. 98 Edition: 1
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-268810 (URN)9789170611933 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-12-09 Created: 2015-12-09 Last updated: 2015-12-09
Aspers, P. & Selleberg, A. M. (2015). Fashion, Sociology of. Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, 835-839
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fashion, Sociology of
2015 (English)In: Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, p. 835-839Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Social Sciences Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-252884 (URN)
Available from: 2015-05-13 Created: 2015-05-13 Last updated: 2015-05-13
Aspers, P., Dodd, N. & Anderberg, E. (2015). Introduction (1ed.). In: Aspers, Patrik and Nigel Dodd (Ed.), Re-Imagining Economic Sociology: (pp. 1-33). Oxford: Oxford University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction
2015 (English)In: Re-Imagining Economic Sociology / [ed] Aspers, Patrik and Nigel Dodd, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, 1, p. 1-33Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015 Edition: 1
National Category
Social Sciences Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-267912 (URN)
Projects
ERC 263699
Funder
EU, European Research Council, 263699
Available from: 2015-11-28 Created: 2015-11-28 Last updated: 2015-11-28
Aspers, P. (2015). Lars Ahlin: en kllassanalys. In: Edling, Christofer (Ed.), Sociologi genom litteratur: (pp. 21-30). Lund: Arkiv
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lars Ahlin: en kllassanalys
2015 (Swedish)In: Sociologi genom litteratur / [ed] Edling, Christofer, Lund: Arkiv , 2015, p. 21-30Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Arkiv, 2015
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-263265 (URN)9789179242701 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-09-29 Created: 2015-09-29 Last updated: 2015-09-29
Aspers, P. (2015). Märkte. Wiesbaden: Springer VS
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Märkte
2015 (German)Book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiesbaden: Springer VS, 2015
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-261168 (URN)978-3-658-08779-1 (ISBN)
Projects
ERC CEV 263699; VR;
Available from: 2015-08-31 Created: 2015-08-31 Last updated: 2015-08-31
Aspers, P. (2015). Performing Ontology. Social Studies of Science, 45(3), 449-453
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Performing Ontology
2015 (English)In: Social Studies of Science, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 449-453Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ontology, and in particular, the so-called ontological turn, is the topic of a recent themed issue of Social Studies of Science (Volume 43, Issue 3, 2013). Ontology, or metaphysics, is in philosophy concerned with what there is, how it is, and forms of being. But to what is the science and technology studies researcher turning when he or she talks of ontology? It is argued that it is unclear what is gained by arguing that ontology also refers to constructed elements. The ‘ontological turn’ comes with the risk of creating a pseudo-debate or pseudo-activity, in which energy is used for no end, at the expense of empirical studies. This text rebuts the idea of an ontological turn as foreshadowed in the texts of the themed issue. It argues that there is no fundamental qualitative difference between the ontological turn and what we know as constructivism.

National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-261167 (URN)
Available from: 2015-08-31 Created: 2015-08-31 Last updated: 2015-08-31
Aspers, P. (2015). Performing ontology. Social Studies of Science, 45(3), 449-453
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Performing ontology
2015 (English)In: Social Studies of Science, ISSN 0306-3127, E-ISSN 1460-3659, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 449-453Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ontology, and in particular, the so-called ontological turn, is the topic of a recent themed issue of Social Studies of Science (Volume 43, Issue 3, 2013). Ontology, or metaphysics, is in philosophy concerned with what there is, how it is, and forms of being. But to what is the science and technology studies researcher turning when he or she talks of ontology? It is argued that it is unclear what is gained by arguing that ontology also refers to constructed elements. The 'ontological turn' comes with the risk of creating a pseudo-debate or pseudo-activity, in which energy is used for no end, at the expense of empirical studies. This text rebuts the idea of an ontological turn as foreshadowed in the texts of the themed issue. It argues that there is no fundamental qualitative difference between the ontological turn and what we know as constructivism.

Keywords
constructivism, ontology, phenomenology, theory
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-269771 (URN)10.1177/0306312714548610 (DOI)000357946100007 ()
Available from: 2015-12-18 Created: 2015-12-18 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Aspers, P. (2015). Phenomenological Identity Theory in Economic Sociology (1ed.). In: Aspers, Patrik and Nigel Dodd (Ed.), Re-Imagining Economic Sociology: (pp. 252-274). Oxford: Oxford University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Phenomenological Identity Theory in Economic Sociology
2015 (English)In: Re-Imagining Economic Sociology / [ed] Aspers, Patrik and Nigel Dodd, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, 1, p. 252-274Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015 Edition: 1
National Category
Social and Economic Geography Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-267913 (URN)
Projects
ERC 263699
Available from: 2015-11-28 Created: 2015-11-28 Last updated: 2015-11-28
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