uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Publications (10 of 41) Show all publications
Bjarnegård, E. & Zetterberg, P. (2019). Political parties, formal selection criteria, and gendered parliamentary representation. Party Politics, 25(3), 325-335
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Political parties, formal selection criteria, and gendered parliamentary representation
2019 (English)In: Party Politics, ISSN 1354-0688, E-ISSN 1460-3683, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 325-335Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Political parties sometimes set up formal criteria to define the pool of potential candidates. This article represents the first large-scale comparative analysis of potential unintended gendered consequences of these formal selection criteria for parliamentary representation. Using unique data on 101 political parties in 32 African, Asian, and postcommunist European countries, we find that there is indeed a relationship between formal selection criteria and men's and women's political representation. Criteria that concern ethnic or geographic background and intraparty experiences are harmful to women. On the other hand, gendered consequences are not as pronounced as a result of criteria concerning qualifications or requirements in relation to electability. Taken together, the analysis points to the need to pay increased attention to formal selection criteria and how this under-researched aspect of candidate selection shapes the parliamentary representation of underrepresented groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD, 2019
Keywords
candidate selection, formal selection criteria, gender, political parties, representation, feminist institutionalism
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-383848 (URN)10.1177/1354068817715552 (DOI)000466430900004 ()
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P10-0801:1
Available from: 2019-05-24 Created: 2019-05-24 Last updated: 2019-05-24Bibliographically approved
Bjarnegård, E., Brounéus, K. & Melander, E. (2019). Violent Boyhoods, Masculine Honor Ideology, and Political Violence: Survey Findings From Thailand. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1-25
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Violent Boyhoods, Masculine Honor Ideology, and Political Violence: Survey Findings From Thailand
2019 (English)In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, ISSN 0886-2605, E-ISSN 1552-6518, p. 1-25Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Throughout history, those who have participated in political violence have predominantly been male young adults. At the same time, we know that most young men will not use violence for political protest. So what distinguishes those who do from those who do not? In this article, we link psychological research on the intergenerational effects of violence in the family to violence in the political arena. We ask to what extent experiences of violence as a child are associated with participation in political violence as an adult. Our overarching argument is that family-of-origin violence may not only have serious negative, intergenerational effects on health and well-being but also on future spirals of violence for the individual. Family-of-origin violence may also lead to an increased risk of using violence for political purposes due to the diffusion of violence norms, whereby violence is seen as a just and appropriate response to conflict. We test this claim using micro-level data from the Survey on Gender, Politics, and Violence in Thailand, conducted in 2012-2013. For our analyses, we zoom in on men from a specific cluster sample of the survey: 200 political activist interviewees—100 Red Shirts and 100 Yellow Shirts. The results support our claim. We find that experiences of family violence as a child increase the risk of participating in political violence as an adult among male political activists in Thailand. Our study suggests one imperative policy implication: Violence prevention measures at the individual level—against corporal punishment of children or violence against women—may have critical implications also for decreasing the risk for and prevalence of political violence and armed conflict in society.

Keywords
violence exposure, children exposed to domestic violence, domestic violence, political violence, child abuse, intergenerational transmission of trauma
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-378404 (URN)10.1177/0886260519832926 (DOI)30827140 (PubMedID)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M10-0100:1
Available from: 2019-03-05 Created: 2019-03-05 Last updated: 2019-05-15Bibliographically approved
Bjarnegård, E. & Murray, R. (2018). Critical Perspectives on Men and Masculinities in Politics: Introduction. Politics & Gender, 14(2), 264-265
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Critical Perspectives on Men and Masculinities in Politics: Introduction
2018 (English)In: Politics & Gender, ISSN 1743-923X, E-ISSN 1743-9248, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 264-265Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2018
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-386350 (URN)10.1017/S1743923X18000132 (DOI)000436120900008 ()
Available from: 2019-07-09 Created: 2019-07-09 Last updated: 2019-07-09Bibliographically approved
Bjarnegård, E. (2018). Focusing on Masculinity and Male-Dominated Networks. In: Helena Stensöta and Lena Wängnerud (Ed.), Gender and Corruption: Historical Roots and New Avenues for Research (pp. 257-273). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Focusing on Masculinity and Male-Dominated Networks
2018 (English)In: Gender and Corruption: Historical Roots and New Avenues for Research / [ed] Helena Stensöta and Lena Wängnerud, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, p. 257-273Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2018
Series
Political Corruption and Governance
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-372308 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-70929-1_13 (DOI)978-3-319-70928-4 (ISBN)978-3-319-70929-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-07 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-09-13Bibliographically approved
Bjarnegård, E. & Melander, E. (2018). Gender and Conflict in East Asia. In: Teh-Kuang Chang and Angelin Chang (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of Asia in World Politics: . Abingdon and New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender and Conflict in East Asia
2018 (English)In: Routledge Handbook of Asia in World Politics / [ed] Teh-Kuang Chang and Angelin Chang, Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2018
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-372297 (URN)978-1-138-92713-1 (ISBN)978-1-315-68280-8 (ISBN)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Available from: 2019-01-07 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-09-13Bibliographically approved
Bjarnegård, E., Yoon, M. Y. & Zetterberg, P. (2018). Gender Quotas and the Re(pro)duction of Corruption. In: Helena Stensöta and Lena Wängnerud (Ed.), Gender and Corruptoon: Historical Roots and New Avenues for Research. Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender Quotas and the Re(pro)duction of Corruption
2018 (English)In: Gender and Corruptoon: Historical Roots and New Avenues for Research / [ed] Helena Stensöta and Lena Wängnerud, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2018
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-372304 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-70929-1_6 (DOI)978-3-319-70928-4 (ISBN)978-3-319-70929-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-07 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-09-13Bibliographically approved
Bjarnegård, E. (2018). Making Gender Visible in Election Violence: Strategies for Data Collection. Politics & Gender, 14(4), 690-695
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Making Gender Visible in Election Violence: Strategies for Data Collection
2018 (English)In: Politics & Gender, ISSN 1743-923X, E-ISSN 1743-9248, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 690-695Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Election violence is an important issue from a number of perspectives. Understanding the causes and consequences of violations of personal integrity is always relevant, but election violence adds a different dimension to this already serious issue: it also violates electoral integrity and decreases democratic quality (Norris 2013). Therefore, election violence should be studied as a simultaneous violation of personal and electoral integrity. In this contribution, I define election violence as occurring when (1) the goal of the act is to affect an electoral outcome or prevent someone from running in an election, and (2) the means by which it is carried out violates the personal integrity of individuals involved in the electoral process.

National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-373044 (URN)10.1017/S1743923X18000624 (DOI)000451709900013 ()
Available from: 2019-01-10 Created: 2019-01-10 Last updated: 2019-01-10Bibliographically approved
Bjarnegård, E. (2018). Men’s Political Representation. In: William R. Thompson (Ed.), Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics: . Oxford University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Men’s Political Representation
2018 (English)In: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics / [ed] William R. Thompson, Oxford University Press, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In much research on gender and representation, the constraining factors for women’s political representation have served as a backdrop against which women’s activities are contextualized, rather than as a primary focus of research. Research explicitly focusing on men’s overrepresentation in politics does the opposite: it puts the reproduction of male dominance at the center of the analysis. Such a focus on men and masculinities and their relation to political power requires a set of analytical tools that are partly distinctly different from the tools used to analyze women’s underrepresentation. A feminist institutionalist framework is used to identify the logic of recruitment underpinning the reproduction of male dominance. It proposes and elaborates on two main types of political capital that under certain circumstances may reinforce male dominance and resist challenges to it: homosocial capital, consisting of instrumental and expressive rules favoring different types of similarity; and male capital, consisting of sexist and patriarchal resources that always favor men. Although the different types of political capital may be empirically related, they should be analytically separated because they require different methodological approaches and call for different strategies for change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2018
Keywords
representation, men, masculinities, political resources, political capital, gender, feminist institutionalism, homosocial capital
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-372282 (URN)10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.013.214 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-01-07 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-11-22Bibliographically approved
Bjarnegård, E. & Murray, R. (2018). Revisiting Forms of Representation by Critically Examining Men. Politics & Gender, 14(2), 265-270
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Revisiting Forms of Representation by Critically Examining Men
2018 (English)In: Politics & Gender, ISSN 1743-923X, E-ISSN 1743-9248, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 265-270Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research on gender and politics has made use of Pitkin's (1967) distinction between descriptive, substantive, and symbolic representation to conceptualize and understand the different facets of women's underrepresentation and misrepresentation. The corresponding overrepresentation of men has seldom been explicitly recognized in this literature. We explore what the critical study of men and masculinities could contribute to the study of different forms of representation. Researching the descriptive overrepresentation of men implies recognizing male dominance and turning our attention from the factors that constrain women from entering politics to the factors that enable and reproduce men's presence. Researching the substantive representation of men also implies investigating how men represent men and identifying whether hegemonic masculinities privilege the representation of some men while neglecting others. Finally, a study of the symbolic representation of men implies identifying and describing the masculine signals and symbols that permeate political life but remain largely invisible because they constitute the political norm. Naming them as “masculine” will facilitate a gendered analysis of political institutions, practices, and discourses that are seldom questioned. We also consider the symbolic representation of men who do not conform to hegemonic masculine ideals and are not represented descriptively.

National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-387456 (URN)10.1017/S1743923X18000144 (DOI)000436120900009 ()
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-06-25Bibliographically approved
Bjarnegård, E. & Murray, R. (2018). Revisiting Forms of Representation by Critically Examining Men. Politics & Gender, 14(2), 265-270
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Revisiting Forms of Representation by Critically Examining Men
2018 (English)In: Politics & Gender, ISSN 1743-923X, E-ISSN 1743-9248, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 265-270Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2018
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-386298 (URN)10.1017/S1743923X18000144 (DOI)000436120900009 ()
Available from: 2019-07-18 Created: 2019-07-18 Last updated: 2019-07-18Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-3530-2805

Search in DiVA

Show all publications