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Kilger, C., Wallin, P. & Krooks, B. (2023). Tidig medeltida bebyggelse, hamnområde och fiske i Västergarn: Arkeologisk undersökning 2022. Snauvalds 1:2 RAÄ L1976:7960 (tidigare RAÄ-nr Västergarn 50:1) & Hamngården 1:2, Västergarn socken, Gotlands kommun, Gotland. Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tidig medeltida bebyggelse, hamnområde och fiske i Västergarn: Arkeologisk undersökning 2022. Snauvalds 1:2 RAÄ L1976:7960 (tidigare RAÄ-nr Västergarn 50:1) & Hamngården 1:2, Västergarn socken, Gotlands kommun, Gotland
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2023 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In April and May 2022, Uppsala University, Campus Gotland conducted seminar excavations at Västergarn, 25 kilometers southwest of Visby. Five trenches and two trial trenches were investigated covering an area of 208 sqm. At Snauvalds 1:2 four early medieval house structures have been exposed out of which two had been excavated. According to 14C the the two houses investigated date between c. 1040-1180/1230s. House 11 c. 4.5x7 meters is a one-room cabin with an oven places in the south-west corner. The building shows evidence of various crafts, including blacksmithing, textiles and the production of beads. House 12, a post two room cabin, c. 5x8 meters also with a hearth was probably used as a residence. The open space between house 11 and 11 was interpreted as a yard with evidence of processing cat furs and other activities. The purpose of the investigation at Hamngården 1:2 was to locate the harbor area of medieval Västergarn west of Klintehamnvägen. A geomagnetic survey conducted on the property in 2022 indicated anomalies in the beach meadow. For this purpose, a search trench was opened in an east-west direction between Klintehamnvägen and Västergarnsån. Coin and pottery finds indicate activities between 16th and 18th centuries. The find material has probably a connection with Hamngården, the residence of the port bailiff mentioned in the hictorical sources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala universitet, 2023. p. 173
Series
Arkeologiska fältrapporter ; 25
Keywords
Archaeology, Settlement, Viking Age, Early Middle Ages, Harbor, House foundations, Urnbanization
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-523156 (URN)
Available from: 2024-02-15 Created: 2024-02-15 Last updated: 2024-02-16Bibliographically approved
Wallin, P. & Martinsson-Wallin, H. (2022). Anakena Re-visited: New Perspectives on Old Problems at Anakena, Rapa Nui (1ed.). In: Valenti Rull and Christopher Stevenson (Ed.), The Prehistory of Rapa Nui (Easter Island): Towards an Integrative Interdisciplinary Framework (pp. 109-137). Springer Nature
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Anakena Re-visited: New Perspectives on Old Problems at Anakena, Rapa Nui
2022 (English)In: The Prehistory of Rapa Nui (Easter Island): Towards an Integrative Interdisciplinary Framework / [ed] Valenti Rull and Christopher Stevenson, Springer Nature, 2022, 1, p. 109-137Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

It is now over 30 years since we participated in the large-scale archaeological excavations at Anakena (Fig. 6.1). The results of the excavations are published in the Kon-Tiki Museum Occasional Papers (Skjølsvold 1994). The accumulated results from archaeological research on Rapa Nui subsequent to our initial excavations at Anakena justify a re-assessment of the remains and the chronological aspects at this site. New radiocarbon-dated samples have been added to the analysis and discussion of Rapa Nui prehistory, and old samples have been re-analyzed several times (see, for example, Martinsson-Wallin et al. 2013; Martinsson-Wallin and Crockford 2002; Wallin et al. 2010; Wilmshurst et al. 2011).In this respect, we suggest that it is important to re-analyze the activity and settlement sites and monuments at Anakena and their importance for ritual activities from the time of initial colonization onward. The aim of this paper is to provide new explanations and interpretations of the formation processes of the Anakena site with special attention to the activity area we named Nau Nau East (Fig. 6.2). Featuresobserved in this activity area included a small standing stone image upright that was crudely carved, hearths, refusal pits, postholes, grinding activities and a stone line demarcation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2022 Edition: 1
Series
Developments in Paleoenvironmental Research, ISSN 1571-5299, E-ISSN 2215-1672 ; 22
Keywords
Archaeology, Rapa Nui, Easter Island, Anakena, Monument, Statue, Settlement
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-483547 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-91127-0_6 (DOI)978-3-030-91126-3 (ISBN)978-3-030-91127-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-08-30 Created: 2022-08-30 Last updated: 2023-11-16Bibliographically approved
Wallin, P., Kilger, C. & Leidersdorff-Menzel, C. (2022). Delrapport 1: Fosfatkartering i förhållande till strandlinjer och variationer i bosättningens aktiviteter. In: Medeltida syllstensgrund, stolpbyggnad och brya: Arkeologisk undersökning 2021 (pp. 93-99). Visby: Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Campus Gotland, Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Delrapport 1: Fosfatkartering i förhållande till strandlinjer och variationer i bosättningens aktiviteter
2022 (Swedish)In: Medeltida syllstensgrund, stolpbyggnad och brya: Arkeologisk undersökning 2021, Visby: Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Campus Gotland, Uppsala universitet , 2022, p. 93-99Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Visby: Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Campus Gotland, Uppsala universitet, 2022
Series
Arkeologiska fältrapporter ; 23
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-488111 (URN)
Note

Snauvalds 1:2, Västergarn socken, Gotlands kommun, Gotland

RAÄ nr: L1976:7960 (tidigare RAÄ-nr Västergarn 50:1)

Available from: 2022-11-09 Created: 2022-11-09 Last updated: 2022-11-11Bibliographically approved
Wallin, P., Sten, S., Burenhult, G. & Sjöstrand, A. (2022). "Igelkottskvinnorna" under gropkeramisk tid på Gotland. In: Cathrin Emdén (Ed.), Gotland Vattenland: vattnets betydelse förr och nu (pp. 114-129). Visby: Gotlands Museum, Fornsalens Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"Igelkottskvinnorna" under gropkeramisk tid på Gotland
2022 (Swedish)In: Gotland Vattenland: vattnets betydelse förr och nu / [ed] Cathrin Emdén, Visby: Gotlands Museum, Fornsalens Förlag , 2022, p. 114-129Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Våra frågeställningar i den här artikeln berör igelkottens betydelse hos den gropkeramiska befolkningen på Gotland. Vilka utöver den s.k. ”Igelkottsflickan” fick med sig igelkottskäkar eller taggar i graven? Vår undersökning visar att "Igelkottsflickan" inte var unik och att igelkotten som hennes förfäder fört med sig från fastlandet var en del i den gropkeramiska kulturens gravritual för några av öns yngre kvinnor för ca 4500 år sedan.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Visby: Gotlands Museum, Fornsalens Förlag, 2022
Series
Gotländskt arkiv, ISSN 0434-2429 ; 94
Keywords
Stone Age, Pitted Ware Culture, Gotland, Hedge hog, Burial, Gotland, Stenålder, Gropkeramisk kultur, Igelkottar, Gravar
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-490022 (URN)9789189121164 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-12-07 Created: 2022-12-07 Last updated: 2023-05-31Bibliographically approved
Kilger, C., Wallin, P., Andreeff Högfeldt, A. & Krooks, B. (2022). Medeltida syllstensgrund, stolpbyggnad och brya: Arkeologisk undersökning 2021. Visby: Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Campus Gotland, Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Medeltida syllstensgrund, stolpbyggnad och brya: Arkeologisk undersökning 2021
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2022 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In April and May 2021, Uppsala University Campus Gotland performed an archaeological investigation at Västergarn, 25 kilometres southwest of Visby, as part of an advanced field course in archaeology. Two trenches were investigated, covering an area of 90 m2. The purpose was to reinvestigate post-holes, remains of a wooden floor and a water hole unearthed in 2013. Further to understand how these remains relate to a number of Late Viking Age artefacts discovered in the same area. As a result it could be established that the wooden floor belongs to a medieval house foundation with corner-hearth and a partly preserved stone-lined sill. The foundation is mainly dated by shards of Baltic ware to the period 1100/1125-1230. Find concentrations of iron tools adjacent to the hearth, iron armory plates and glass beads may indicate a small workshop. The Viking Age artefacts relate to a separate post-hole building probably dated to the 11th century. The date and the function of the water hole remain inconclusive. The large amount of animal bones deposited in the stone paved water hole, among them a high proportion of horse bones indicates a function as a well for grazing cattle in the area during the dry season. A coin-like copper pendant with pseudo-Islamic glyphs found adjacent to the water hole underlines Viking Age activity in the area. The results show that the house remains in the area investigated probably belong to the outer precinct of the harbour settlement in Västergarn. This particular area within the Västergarn rampart was settled presumably between AD 1000/1050-1200/1230. Findings such as cultural layers, strengthens indications of a complex and active settlement in the late Viking and early medieval period.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Visby: Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Campus Gotland, Uppsala universitet, 2022. p. 113
Series
Arkeologiska fältrapporter ; 23
Keywords
Archaeology, Settlement, Viking Age, Early Middle Ages, Housefoundations, Armor, Glasbeads, Baltic ware, Well, Pseudo-Islamic coin pendant, Urbanization
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-488106 (URN)
Note

Snauvalds 1:2, Västergarn socken, Gotlands kommun, Gotland

RAÄ nr: L1976:7960 (tidigare RAÄ-nr Västergarn 50:1)

Available from: 2022-11-09 Created: 2022-11-09 Last updated: 2022-11-11Bibliographically approved
Wallin, P. (2020). Heiau, 'aina, lani: The Hawaiian temple system in ancient Kahikinui and Kaupo, Maui [Review]. Journal of Pacific Archaeology, 11(1), 83-85
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Heiau, 'aina, lani: The Hawaiian temple system in ancient Kahikinui and Kaupo, Maui
2020 (English)In: Journal of Pacific Archaeology, ISSN 1179-4704, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 83-85Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-424753 (URN)000580433700010 ()
Available from: 2020-11-16 Created: 2020-11-16 Last updated: 2020-12-16Bibliographically approved
Wallin, P. (2020). Native South Americans were early inhabitants of Polynesia early. Nature, 583(7817), 524-525
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Native South Americans were early inhabitants of Polynesia early
2020 (English)In: Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, E-ISSN 1476-4687, Vol. 583, no 7817, p. 524-525Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2020
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-420591 (URN)10.1038/d41586-020-01983-5 (DOI)000555475200002 ()32641787 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2020-09-29 Created: 2020-09-29 Last updated: 2020-09-29Bibliographically approved
Apel, J., Wallin, P., Stora, J. & Possnert, G. (2018). Early Holocene human population events on the island of Gotland in the Baltic Sea (9200-3800 cal. BP). Quaternary International, 465, 276-286
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Early Holocene human population events on the island of Gotland in the Baltic Sea (9200-3800 cal. BP)
2018 (English)In: Quaternary International, ISSN 1040-6182, E-ISSN 1873-4553, Vol. 465, p. 276-286Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The summed probability distribution of 162 radiocarbon dates from Gotland was analysed with reference to archaeological and environmental data in order to evaluate possible variations in settlement intensity on the island. The data indicated variations in demographic development on the island, with probably several different colonization events and external influences; the pioneer settlement reached the island around 9200 cal. BP. After the initial colonization, the radiocarbon dates were rather evenly distributed until around 7700-7600 cal. BP, then there was a drop in the number of dates between 8300 and 8000 cal. BP that may be associated with the 8200 cold event. A marked decline in the number of dates between 7600 and 6000 cal. BP may be associated initially with the Littorina I transgression, but this transgression cannot explain why the Late Mesolithic period is not well represented on Gotland: the climatic development was favourable but did not result in increased human activity. The number of radiocarbon dates indicated that the population size remained low until around 6000 cal. BP, after which there was a gradual increase that reached a first 'threshold' after 5600 cal. BP and a second 'threshold' after 4500 cal. BP. The first apparent population increase was associated with the appearance of the Funnel Beaker Culture (FBC) and the second with Pitted Ware Culture (PWC) complexes. A decline in the number of dates occurred after 4300 cal. BP, i.e. towards the Late Neolithic. There was an association between the frequency distributions of the radiocarbon dates and the number of stray finds from different time periods but any correlation was not straightforward. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2018
Keywords
Gotland, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Settlement intensity, Population events, Demography
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-351059 (URN)10.1016/j.quaint.2017.03.044 (DOI)000427454900010 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2018-05-30 Created: 2018-05-30 Last updated: 2018-05-30Bibliographically approved
Wallin, P. & Martinsson-Wallin, H. (2018). Gothemshammar - a Late Bronze Age coastal rampart on Gotland. Fornvännen, 113(2), 65-75
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gothemshammar - a Late Bronze Age coastal rampart on Gotland
2018 (English)In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 113, no 2, p. 65-75Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper reports the results of a project aiming to use survey and excavation of the Gothemshammar rampart in a digital reconstruction to understand the site in its original landscape setting. Excavations uncovered internal construction details and dateable materials from domestic animals and charcoal. Fifteen AMS dates indicate that the rampart was built and used in the Late Bronze Age, c. 950-700 cal AD.

Its northern end is situated at a steep scarp towards the current sea shore, and the southern end is in an open slightly sloping terrain, currently about a kilometre from the sea. LiDAR data and an up-to-date shoreline displacement model indicate that the seashore was about so m higher when the rampart was built and used than it is today. The landscape reconstruction shows that the rampart originally cut off a headland on an islet that was strategically located at the mouth of an inland water system.

To further understand the site's Bronze Age context we made a spatial analysis of features tied to the same time frame, including other monumental structures (stone ships, burial cairns, other ramparts/enclosures) and metalwork hoards. It became evident that all kinds of monuments were mainly located close to the sea shore on capes and islets. We could also see that the monuments, especially the stone ships, were mostly on the north shore of the ancient waterway and that its entry/exit where Gothemshammar is situated served as an important control point for travel into Gotland as well as overseas.

National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-368062 (URN)000445977700001 ()
Funder
Berit Wallenberg FoundationBirgit och Gad Rausings stiftelse för Humanistisk Forskning
Available from: 2018-12-07 Created: 2018-12-07 Last updated: 2021-02-10Bibliographically approved
Fraser, M., Sanchez-Quinto, F., Evans, J., Storå, J., Götherström, A., Wallin, P., . . . Jakobsson, M. (2018). New insights on cultural dualism and population structure in the MiddleNeolithic Funnel Beaker culture on the island of Gotland. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 17, 325-334
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New insights on cultural dualism and population structure in the MiddleNeolithic Funnel Beaker culture on the island of Gotland
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, ISSN 2352-409X, E-ISSN 2352-4103, Vol. 17, p. 325-334Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In recent years it has been shown that the Neolithization of Europe was partly driven by migration of farming groups admixing with local hunter-gatherer groups as they dispersed across the continent. However, little research has been done on the cultural duality of contemporaneous foragers and farming populations in the same region. Here we investigate the demographic history of the Funnel Beaker culture [Trichterbecherkultur or TRB, c. 4000–2800 cal BCE], and the sub-Neolithic Pitted Ware culture complex [PWC, c. 3300–2300 cal BCE] during the Nordic Middle Neolithic period on the island of Gotland, Sweden. We use a multidisciplinary approach to investigate individuals buried in the Ansarve dolmen, the only confirmed TRB burial on the island. We present new radiocarbon dating, isotopic analyses for diet and mobility, and mitochondrial DNA haplogroup data to infer maternal inheritance. We also present a new Sr-baseline of 0.71208 ± 0.0016 for the local isotope variation. We compare and discuss our findings together with that of contemporaneous populations in Sweden and the North European mainland.

The radiocarbon dating and Strontium isotopic ratios show that the dolmen was used between c. 3300–2700 cal BCE by a population which displayed local Sr-signals. Mitochondrial data show that the individuals buried in the Ansarve dolmen had maternal genetic affinity to that of other Early and Middle Neolithic farming cultures in Europe, distinct from that of the contemporaneous PWC on the island. Furthermore, they exhibited a strict terrestrial and/or slightly varied diet in contrast to the strict marine diet of the PWC. The findings indicate that two different contemporary groups coexisted on the same island for several hundred years with separate cultural identity, lifestyles, as well as dietary patterns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Molecular Genetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-343835 (URN)10.1016/j.jasrep.2017.09.002 (DOI)000429561000031 ()
Funder
Berit Wallenberg FoundationGunvor och Josef Anérs stiftelseHelge Ax:son Johnsons stiftelse Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Available from: 2018-03-01 Created: 2018-03-01 Last updated: 2020-06-05Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0916-6264

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