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Sten, Sabine
Publications (10 of 41) Show all publications
Geber, J., Pickard, C., Macaud, S., Sten, S. & Carlsson, D. (2023). King Olaf's men?: Contextualizing Viking burials at S:t Olofsholm, Gotland, Sweden. International journal of osteoarchaeology, 33(5), 802-815
Open this publication in new window or tab >>King Olaf's men?: Contextualizing Viking burials at S:t Olofsholm, Gotland, Sweden
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2023 (English)In: International journal of osteoarchaeology, ISSN 1047-482X, E-ISSN 1099-1212, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 802-815Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The discovery of burials at S:t Olofsholm, a site associated with the Saint Olaf cult on Gotland in Sweden, has enabled a bioarchaeological contextualization of medieval legends and sagas in conjunction with the archaelogical record. This study seeks to illuminate who were buried at S:t Olofsholm, through a biocultural lens, and whether these burials can be linked to folklore and sagas associated with the site. Five burials of possibly six individuals (cal. AD 980-1270) were assessed macroscopically and through stable isotope analysis (delta C-13, delta N-15, delta S-34, Sr-87/Sr-86, and delta O-18) of incremental dentine, bulk enamel, and bone samples. Sagas and legends associated with S:t Olofsholm mention episodes of conflict and contact involving King Olaf Haraldsson of Norway (later canonized as Saint Olaf), Gutes and Icelanders, and travels between Norway and Kyiv Rus. Two (or three) burials show signs of violent deaths, including evidence of sharp force trauma and burning. Isotope analyses indicate local and non-local signals, with possible links to southern Scandinavia, Britain, Iceland, the Baltics, and Kyiv Rus. In general, the evidence neither challenges nor confirms the legends and sagas associated with S:t Olofsholm. Instead, the findings illustrate the site's function as an early Christian place of worship within a wider Viking world that was characterized by travel and contact across the Baltic Sea, Scandinavia, and beyond. The burials at S:t Olofsholm are likely to be non-normative as indicated by their place of interment and the violent cause of death of most individuals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Keywords
bioarchaeology, Guta Saga, Heimskringla, isotope analysis, Scandinavia
National Category
Archaeology History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-519873 (URN)10.1002/oa.3211 (DOI)000940124600001 ()
Available from: 2024-01-10 Created: 2024-01-10 Last updated: 2024-01-10Bibliographically approved
Wallin, P., Sten, S., Burenhult, G. & Sjöstrand, A. (2022). "Igelkottskvinnorna" under gropkeramisk tid på Gotland. In: Cathrin Emdén (Ed.), Gotland Vattenland: vattnets betydelse förr och nu (pp. 114-129). Visby: Gotlands Museum, Fornsalens Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"Igelkottskvinnorna" under gropkeramisk tid på Gotland
2022 (Swedish)In: Gotland Vattenland: vattnets betydelse förr och nu / [ed] Cathrin Emdén, Visby: Gotlands Museum, Fornsalens Förlag , 2022, p. 114-129Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Våra frågeställningar i den här artikeln berör igelkottens betydelse hos den gropkeramiska befolkningen på Gotland. Vilka utöver den s.k. ”Igelkottsflickan” fick med sig igelkottskäkar eller taggar i graven? Vår undersökning visar att "Igelkottsflickan" inte var unik och att igelkotten som hennes förfäder fört med sig från fastlandet var en del i den gropkeramiska kulturens gravritual för några av öns yngre kvinnor för ca 4500 år sedan.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Visby: Gotlands Museum, Fornsalens Förlag, 2022
Series
Gotländskt arkiv, ISSN 0434-2429 ; 94
Keywords
Stone Age, Pitted Ware Culture, Gotland, Hedge hog, Burial, Gotland, Stenålder, Gropkeramisk kultur, Igelkottar, Gravar
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-490022 (URN)9789189121164 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-12-07 Created: 2022-12-07 Last updated: 2023-05-31Bibliographically approved
Sten, S. & Karlsson, L. (2022). Osteologisk analys av benmaterial från försvarstornet Kepez Kule,Labraunda, Turkiet. Uppsala: Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Osteologisk analys av benmaterial från försvarstornet Kepez Kule,Labraunda, Turkiet
2022 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Totalt har 135 gram osteologiskt material analyserats från ett försvarstorn, Kepez Kule, Labraunda i Turkiet. Benmaterialet dateras till perioden 200-tal till ca 188 f.Kr. och kommer från ett litet försvarstorn längs den Heliga vägen söder om helgedomen till Zeus Labraundos.Följande djur har identifierats; häst, nötkreatur och får/get. Nötkreatur och får/get har slaktats och konsumerats. Nötkreaturen har uppnått vuxen ålder, medan får/get visar både en yngre och ett fullvuxet djur. En hästtand från en vuxen individ förekommer också i materialet.Under analysen påträffades bearbetade ben av ett fragmenterat föremål och en koprolit. Förhoppnings kommer koproliten att analyseras närmare på dess innehåll samt identifieras från vilken art den kommer från.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2022. p. 9
Series
Osteologisk rapportserie ; 2022:1
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-490365 (URN)
Funder
The Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities (KVHAA)
Available from: 2022-12-09 Created: 2022-12-09 Last updated: 2022-12-12Bibliographically approved
Sten, S. & Vretemark, M. (2021). Osteologiska museisamlingar, en omistlig källa till kunskap. In: Katarina Ek-Nilsson och Gullög Nordquist (Ed.), Stort smått fint och fult: museisamlingar en nödvändig källa till kunskap (pp. 116-134). Svenska Humanistiska Förbundet; CKM Förlag (142)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Osteologiska museisamlingar, en omistlig källa till kunskap
2021 (Swedish)In: Stort smått fint och fult: museisamlingar en nödvändig källa till kunskap / [ed] Katarina Ek-Nilsson och Gullög Nordquist, Svenska Humanistiska Förbundet; CKM Förlag , 2021, no 142, p. 116-134Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Svenska Humanistiska Förbundet; CKM Förlag, 2021
Series
Svenska humanistiska förbundets skriftserie ; 142
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-430354 (URN)9789170401480 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-01-08 Created: 2021-01-08 Last updated: 2021-02-22Bibliographically approved
Sten, S. (2020). Animals, water and ownership in Halland's history [Review]. Fornvännen, 115(3), 220-222
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Animals, water and ownership in Halland's history
2020 (English)In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 115, no 3, p. 220-222Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ROYAL ACADEMY LETTERS, HISTORY & ANTIQUITIES, 2020
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-427269 (URN)000590363100014 ()
Available from: 2020-12-09 Created: 2020-12-09 Last updated: 2021-02-10Bibliographically approved
Sten, S. (2020). ”Avseides u mitt ei": En maritim arkeologisk och osteologisk långtidsstudie av människors verksamhet på Gotska Sandön i Östersjön. Gotska Sandöns Hembygdsförenings tidskrift, 39(2), 13-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>”Avseides u mitt ei": En maritim arkeologisk och osteologisk långtidsstudie av människors verksamhet på Gotska Sandön i Östersjön
2020 (Swedish)In: Gotska Sandöns Hembygdsförenings tidskrift, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 13-16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Keywords
arkeologi, osteologi, Gotska Sandön, Östersjön
National Category
Humanities and the Arts Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-430362 (URN)
Available from: 2021-01-08 Created: 2021-01-08 Last updated: 2021-02-22Bibliographically approved
Bertilsson, C., Sten, S., Andersson, J., Lundberg, B. & Lingstrom, P. (2020). Dental health of Vikings from Kopparsvik on Gotland. International journal of osteoarchaeology, 30(4), 551-556
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dental health of Vikings from Kopparsvik on Gotland
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2020 (English)In: International journal of osteoarchaeology, ISSN 1047-482X, E-ISSN 1099-1212, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 551-556Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The prevalence, distribution, and location of dental caries were studied in complete and partial human dentitions dating from the Viking Age dating (900-1050 AD) excavated in Kopparsvik on island of Gotland, Sweden. 18 individuals and a total of 370 teeth were examined, using a strong light source and dental probe. Carious lesions were found in a large number of the individuals, 14 out of 18. The percentage of teeth affected by caries (11,9%) corresponds well with studied skull materials from the same period. The surface most susceptible to caries was the occlusal surface, whereas only a few proximal lesions and one single carious root surface was found. The tooth most commonly affected by caries was the mandibular first molar. The tooth most commonly missing ante-mortem was also the mandibular molar, and the tooth most commonly missing post mortem was the mandibular incisor. Other findings included apical infections, which were detected clinically in 3% of the teeth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley, 2020
Keywords
caries, dental health, Gotland, Kopparsvik, tooth decay, Viking age
National Category
Dentistry Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-421092 (URN)10.1002/oa.2867 (DOI)000562737400001 ()
Available from: 2020-10-06 Created: 2021-07-06 Last updated: 2023-04-03Bibliographically approved
Vala, C. H., Lorentzon, M., Sundh, V., Johansson, H., Lewerin, C., Sten, S., . . . Mellstrom, D. (2020). Increased risk for hip fracture after death of a spouse-further support for bereavement frailty?. Osteoporosis International, 31(3), 485-492
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Increased risk for hip fracture after death of a spouse-further support for bereavement frailty?
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2020 (English)In: Osteoporosis International, ISSN 0937-941X, E-ISSN 1433-2965, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 485-492Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Death of a spouse is associated with poorer physical and mental health. We followed all married individuals, born from 1902 to 1942, during the period from 1987 to 2002, and found that widows and widowers had higher risk for hip fracture, compared with still married women and men. Introduction Spousal bereavement can lead to poorer physical and mental health. We aimed to determine whether married women and men had an elevated risk of hip fracture after death of a spouse. Methods In a retrospective cohort study, we followed all Swedish married individuals aged 60 to 100 years (n = 1,783,035), from 1987 to 2002. Data are presented as mean with 95% confidence interval (CI). Results During the follow-up period, 21,305 hip fractures among widows and 6538 hip fractures among widowers were noted. The hazard ratio (HR) for hip fracture in widows compared with married women was 1.34 (95% CI 1.31 to 1.37) and for widowers compared with married men 1.32 (95% CI 1.29 to 1.35). The HR for hip fracture in the first 6 months after death of a spouse was in widows compared with married women 1.62 (95% CI 1.53 to 1.71) and in widowers compared with married men 1.84 (95% CI 1.68 to 2.03). The elevated risk was especially prominent in young widowers in the age range 60-69 years. During the first 6 months they showed a HR of 2.76 (95% CI 1.66 to 4.58) for a hip fractvure compared with age matched married men. Widows aged 60-69 years showed a HR of 1.59 (95% CI 1.26 to 1.99) compared with age matched married women. Conclusion Our observation of a higher hip fracture risk in both genders in connection with the death of a spouse indicates a possible effect of bereavement on frailty.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER LONDON LTD, 2020
Keywords
Bereavement, Hip fracture, Osteoporosis, Widow, Widower, Widowhood
National Category
Geriatrics Orthopaedics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-408256 (URN)10.1007/s00198-019-05242-w (DOI)000519860900009 ()31832693 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2017-02229
Available from: 2020-04-06 Created: 2020-04-06 Last updated: 2020-04-06Bibliographically approved
Sten, S. (2020). Nils-Gustaf Gejvall (1911–1991). In: Anne-Sofie Gräslund (Ed.), Svenska arkeologer: (pp. 341-348). Kungliga Gustav Adolfs Akademien
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nils-Gustaf Gejvall (1911–1991)
2020 (Swedish)In: Svenska arkeologer / [ed] Anne-Sofie Gräslund, Kungliga Gustav Adolfs Akademien, 2020, p. 341-348Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kungliga Gustav Adolfs Akademien, 2020
Series
Acta Academiae Regiae Gustavi Adolphi, ISSN 0065-0897 ; 158
Keywords
Nils-Gustaf Gejvall, osteologi
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-431694 (URN)9789187403385 (ISBN)
Note

Biographical item

Available from: 2021-01-15 Created: 2021-01-15 Last updated: 2024-04-16Bibliographically approved
Margaryan, A., Lawson, D. J., Sikora, M., Racimo, F., Rasmussen, S., Moltke, I., . . . Willerslev, E. (2020). Population genomics of the Viking world. Nature, 585(7825), 390-+
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Population genomics of the Viking world
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2020 (English)In: Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, E-ISSN 1476-4687, Vol. 585, no 7825, p. 390-+Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The maritime expansion of Scandinavian populations during the Viking Age (about ad 750–1050) was a far-flung transformation in world history1,2. Here we sequenced the genomes of 442 humans from archaeological sites across Europe and Greenland (to a median depth of about 1×) to understand the global influence of this expansion. We find the Viking period involved gene flow into Scandinavia from the south and east. We observe genetic structure within Scandinavia, with diversity hotspots in the south and restricted gene flow within Scandinavia. We find evidence for a major influx of Danish ancestry into England; a Swedish influx into the Baltic; and Norwegian influx into Ireland, Iceland and Greenland. Additionally, we see substantial ancestry from elsewhere in Europe entering Scandinavia during the Viking Age. Our ancient DNA analysis also revealed that a Viking expedition included close family members. By comparing with modern populations, we find that pigmentation-associated loci have undergone strong population differentiation during the past millennium, and trace positively selected loci—including the lactase-persistence allele of LCT and alleles of ANKA that are associated with the immune response—in detail. We conclude that the Viking diaspora was characterized by substantial transregional engagement: distinct populations influenced the genomic makeup of different regions of Europe, and Scandinavia experienced increased contact with the rest of the continent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2020
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-423039 (URN)10.1038/s41586-020-2688-8 (DOI)000571285200015 ()32939067 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2020-10-21 Created: 2020-10-21 Last updated: 2020-10-21Bibliographically approved
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