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Legnér, Mattias, ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0870-390x
Biography [eng]

I am Full Professor in Conservation and docent in History, stationed at the Unit of Conservation at the Department of Art History on Campus Gotland in Visby. I took my doctoral degree at Stockholm University in Sweden in 2004 at the Department of History. Since then I have been working with research and teaching on the preservation of especially built environment, but I have also been involved in management of museums and collections. I have researched historical perspectives on energy use in the built environment since 2009. In more recent years I have also developed a deeper interest in the management of cultural heritage after violent conflicts.

I have a long experience from teaching at university level. From 1998 to 2006 I worked as a teacher in history. I have been advising students at bachelor (undergraduate) level since 1998, and at master’s (graduate) level since 2004. I have been advising at the PhD level since 2011.

Biography [swe]

Min forskning behandlar bruket, förvaltningen och tolkningen av byggnader och byggda miljöer. Ett historiskt perspektiv är genomgående i min forskning.

Jag har behandlat återanvändningen av industriella områden i städer i, offentlig förvaltning av byggnader, uppfattningar om och tolkningar av stadsmiljöer, inklusive innemiljöer i hus, och lokal historieskrivning i äldre tid. 

Till min senaste forskning hör frågor dels om hur socialt konstruerade krav på inomhusklimatet utvecklades och påverkade det byggda kulturarvet under 1800- och 1900-talen, dels om hur kulturarv på gott och ont kan bli en resurs i och efter svåra konflikter. För närvarande leder jag ett fyraårigt projekt finansierat av Energimyndigheten som behandlar hur Sveriges byggda kulturarv har påverkats av statliga styrmedel för energieffektivisering sedan 1970-talet. Jag bedriver också forskning om hur kulturarv används och tolkas i konfliktområden.

Publications (10 of 96) Show all publications
Bravaglieri, S., Legnér, M. & Ristic, M. (2018). Kosovo: Quelle statue che dividono. In: Marco Dezzi Bardeschi (Ed.), Ananke 83: Idoli infranti: Intollerances 2017 (pp. 24-25). Milano: Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento ABC
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kosovo: Quelle statue che dividono
2018 (Italian)In: Ananke 83: Idoli infranti: Intollerances 2017 / [ed] Marco Dezzi Bardeschi, Milano: Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento ABC , 2018, p. 24-25Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

The use of monuments in urban space is often bounded to political power and social hierarchy; through spatial distribution, form and meanings of public statues one social group can convey political myths and stabilize or legitimize political authority. In Mitrovica, the divided city of Kosovo, since the conflict of 1999, and during the apartheid-like regime preceding it, uses of the past became more and more entangled with present-day political objectives connected to territory and national identity. here different interpretations of the past are manifested in public space by Kosovo Serbs and Kosovo Albanians. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Milano: Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento ABC, 2018
Keyword
Kosovo Monuments Conflict Mitrovica Heritage
National Category
History and Archaeology
Research subject
Conservation (HGO)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-344010 (URN)9788894869309 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-03-05 Created: 2018-03-05 Last updated: 2018-03-08Bibliographically approved
Legnér, M. (2017). 1700-talets ortsbeskrivningar (1ed.). In: Maja Markhouss (Ed.), Läroverkssamlingen i ljuset: Almedalsbibliotekets äldre samling (pp. 15-21). Uppsala: Uppsala universitetsbibliotek
Open this publication in new window or tab >>1700-talets ortsbeskrivningar
2017 (Swedish)In: Läroverkssamlingen i ljuset: Almedalsbibliotekets äldre samling / [ed] Maja Markhouss, Uppsala: Uppsala universitetsbibliotek , 2017, 1, p. 15-21Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Eighteenth century topographical descriptions

 

The gymnasium library in Visby contains a number of volumes from the time before 1800 describing places (parishes, towns, counties) in Sweden. These topographical descriptions cover topics such as the landscape, customs, history and economic development. In the eighteenth century writing such descriptions became a popular pastime among priests and burghers, and it was seen as an appropriate topic for university students writing their thesis. In the course of the century more than 300 such descriptions were printed in Sweden (including Finland). Some of these descriptions are found in this collection, and three of them are dealt with in the article. The first one was a description of Uppsala and its environs authored by the royal antiquarian Johan Peringskiöld in the early eighteenth century, focusing entirely on the antiquities of the place. The second description was one of the antiquities of Gotland, written in 1730s and 1740s by the superintendent Jöran Wallin. The third one is an account of the county Stora Kopparberg from 1757, written by the merchant Abraham Abrahamsson Hülphers who also published an extensive description of northern Sweden.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitetsbibliotek, 2017 Edition: 1
Keyword
ortsbeskrivningar, patriotism, fädernesland, topografi, hülphers, peringskiöld, fornforskning
National Category
History
Research subject
Conservation (HGO)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-333472 (URN)978-91-506-2660-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-11-14 Created: 2017-11-14 Last updated: 2018-01-02Bibliographically approved
Brosché, J., Legnér, M., Kreutz, J. & Ijla, A. (2017). Heritage under Attack: motives for targeting cultural property during armed conflict. International Journal of Heritage Studies (IJHS), 23(3), 248-260
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Heritage under Attack: motives for targeting cultural property during armed conflict
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Heritage Studies (IJHS), ISSN 1352-7258, E-ISSN 1470-3610, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 248-260Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although attacks on cultural property have caused international outcry,our understanding of this phenomenon is still limited. In particular, littleresearch has been directed towards exploring the motivations for suchattacks. Therefore, we ask: What are the motives for attacking sites, buildingsor objects representing cultural heritage? By combining insights from peaceand conflict research with findings from heritage studies we present atypology of motivations for attacking cultural property. We identify four,not mutually exclusive, broad groups of motives: (i) attacks related to conflictgoals, in which cultural property is targeted because it is connected to theissue the warring parties are fighting over (ii), military-strategic attacks, inwhich the main motivation is to win tactical advantages in the conflict (iii),signalling attacks, in which cultural property is targeted as a low-risk targetthat signals the commitment of the aggressor, and (iv) economic incentiveswhere cultural property provides funding for warring parties. Our typologyoffers a theoretical structure for research about why, when, and by whom,cultural property is targeted. This is not only likely to provide academicbenefits, but also to contribute to the development of more effective toolsfor the protection of cultural property during armed conflict.

Keyword
Cultural heritage; cultural property; attacks; motives; armed conflict
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified History
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research; History of Art
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-308993 (URN)10.1080/13527258.2016.1261918 (DOI)000393883600005 ()
Projects
Attacks on Cultural Heritages: Causes and Consequences Examined from a Multidisciplinary Perspective
Funder
Magnus Bergvall Foundation, 2015-00813
Available from: 2016-12-01 Created: 2016-12-01 Last updated: 2018-01-02Bibliographically approved
Legnér, M. (2016). Attacker mot kulturarv i väpnade konflikter: En forskningsöversikt. Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, 131-160
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Attacker mot kulturarv i väpnade konflikter: En forskningsöversikt
2016 (Swedish)In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, p. 131-160Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan, 2016
National Category
History
Research subject
Conservation (HGO)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-316871 (URN)
Projects
Attacker på kulturarv: orsaker och konsekvenser sedda ur ett tvärvetenskapligt perspektiv
Available from: 2017-03-07 Created: 2017-03-07 Last updated: 2018-01-02Bibliographically approved
Legnér, M. (2016). Behandlingen av kulturminnen under första världskriget: dokumentation, debatt, propaganda. In: Gunilla Jonsson & Torsten Daun (Ed.), Gutilandorum Universitas Scholarium et Magistrorum: Tidskrift för Högskolan på Gotlands historiska förening (pp. 9-48). Visby: Historiska föreningen på Gotland. Alumnerna
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Behandlingen av kulturminnen under första världskriget: dokumentation, debatt, propaganda
2016 (Swedish)In: Gutilandorum Universitas Scholarium et Magistrorum: Tidskrift för Högskolan på Gotlands historiska förening / [ed] Gunilla Jonsson & Torsten Daun, Visby: Historiska föreningen på Gotland. Alumnerna , 2016, p. 9-48Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Treatment of Historical Monuments in World War I: Documentation, Debate, Propaganda

Mattias Legnér

 

The purpose of this article is to investigate why historical monuments such as churches, monasteries, libraries and museums were attacked and damaged in World War I. These kinds of buildings were targeted by both sides throughout the war despite their lack of strategic importance for the war, and despite a relative consensus among the European countries that cultural institutions should be protected from the ravages of war. Several blatant attacks on churches, museums and libraries were publicly criticised and debated both during the war and after its end. The theoretical basis of our days' conventions on the protection of cultural heritage developed during the war and later in the twentieth century. The article begins by explaining the development of laws on war in the later part of the nineteenth century. A review of previous interpretations and views on the destruction of cultural heritage in World War I follows. It becomes apparent that the view of older research, that historical monuments were targeted to a very limited extent needs to be modified. Empirical research of recent years has shown that destruction was more widespread and intentional than previously recognized. The article then goes on to treat the beginnings of the war and the German and Austrian invasion of Belgium and France. The infamous German attacks on the towns of Leuven and Rheims are analysed. These attacks were followed by vicious propaganda in France and the United Kingdom, and by counter-propaganda produced in Germany. War on the eastern front was more brutal than fighting in Belgium and France, with looting of churches and the persecution of ethnic minority groups conducted primarily by Russian troops. Cultural heritage was targeted for several reasons throughout the war on both fronts: to weaken the moral of the enemy, to take revenge by destroying visible traces of enemy culture, but also to loot for economic purposes. Even in the Versailles peace treaty national heritage became an asset as Germany had to surrender valuable works of art to Belgium.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Visby: Historiska föreningen på Gotland. Alumnerna, 2016
Series
Gusem = Gutilandorum Universitas Scholarium et Magistrorum : tidskrift för Högskolan på Gotlands historiska förening, ISSN 2000-3870 ; 7
Keyword
Första världskriget, Kulturminnesvård, Kulturarv, Konflikter, Paul Clemen, Tyskland, Storbritannien, Frankrike, Belgien
National Category
History Architecture Art History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-307240 (URN)
Available from: 2016-11-11 Created: 2016-11-11 Last updated: 2018-01-02Bibliographically approved
Legnér, M. (2016). Cultural Heritage and the Promotion of Peace: Cultural Heritage without Borders in Kosovo, 2001–2011. In: ACHS 2016 - What does heritage change?: Association of Critical Heritage Studies. Third Biennial Conference, Montreal, Canada, 3-8 June, 2016.. Paper presented at ACHS 2016 - What does heritage change? Association of Critical Heritage Studies. Third Biennial Conference, Montreal, Canada, 3-8 June, 2016..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cultural Heritage and the Promotion of Peace: Cultural Heritage without Borders in Kosovo, 2001–2011
2016 (English)In: ACHS 2016 - What does heritage change?: Association of Critical Heritage Studies. Third Biennial Conference, Montreal, Canada, 3-8 June, 2016., 2016Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Cultural Heritage and the Promotion of Peace: Cultural Heritage without Borders in Kosovo, 2001–2011 

Mattias Legnér

 

This paper will deal with approaches to cultural heritage used in the Balkans, specifically Kosovo, in the first decade of the 21st century. Built cultural heritage was at the centre of the Kosovo conflict of the 1990s, symbolising either Serbian or Albanian ethnicity. As they had become heavily politicised, Orthodox churches, mosques and historic dwellings became targets for attacks before, during and after the Kosovo War 1998-99. That the war ended did not mean that the destruction of buildings stopped. In 2004 violence broke out again and was aimed against the Serbian minority and its cultural heritage. Furthermore, there has been extensive demolition of historic buildings after the war due to unchecked urban development.

A theoretical point of departure is the idea that cultural heritage should be understood as a choice of perspective, rather than as a mass of buildings and objects existing regardless of users or observers. Depending on the perspective used cultural heritage perspectives may be used in the wake of armed conflict to make social and economic development possible, and to foster dialogue, human rights and democracy in communities plagued by violent conflict. General aims of using cultural heritage in post-conflict reconstruction have been to promote peaceful coexistence or reconciliation, economic improvements such as the creation of jobs through tourism or handicrafts, or democratic institutions and social equality.

An overall aim of the paper is to analyse the approaches to cultural heritage in post-conflict reconstruction by the Swedish non-governmental organization Cultural Heritage without Borders (CHwB) in the period 2001-11.

Cultural heritage remains ethnically defined in Kosovo, even if CHwB has worked to promote heritage as a "common value for all". What does this mean in practice and how was this approach practiced in the early 2000s? I argue that during the period in question there was a gradual shift in CHwB's aims from promoting a common Kosovar heritage by way of conserving buildings, to the use of cultural heritage for promoting local ownership and economic development.

Keyword
Cultural heritage Identity Peace Peacebuilding Post-conflict reconstruction Kosovo Western Balkans Former Yugoslavia
National Category
Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Conservation (HGO)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-294846 (URN)
Conference
ACHS 2016 - What does heritage change? Association of Critical Heritage Studies. Third Biennial Conference, Montreal, Canada, 3-8 June, 2016.
Available from: 2016-05-27 Created: 2016-05-27 Last updated: 2018-01-02
Legnér, M. (2016). Cultural heritage as a means of development in the wake of ethnic conflict: Kosovo, 2000-2008. In: Elizabeth Brabec et al (Ed.), 7th Annual Conference on Heritage Issues in Contemporary Society: Nature and Culture. Heritage in Context. Paper presented at 7th Annual Conference on Heritage Issues in Contemporary Society. Nature and Culture. Heritage in Context. Center for Heritage & Society, University of Massachusetts Amherst and Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, May 16-19, 2016 (pp. 30-30).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cultural heritage as a means of development in the wake of ethnic conflict: Kosovo, 2000-2008
2016 (English)In: 7th Annual Conference on Heritage Issues in Contemporary Society: Nature and Culture. Heritage in Context / [ed] Elizabeth Brabec et al, 2016, p. 30-30Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Keyword
development heritage ethnicity identity Yugoslavia Kosovo War Peace
National Category
Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Conservation (HGO)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-299591 (URN)
Conference
7th Annual Conference on Heritage Issues in Contemporary Society. Nature and Culture. Heritage in Context. Center for Heritage & Society, University of Massachusetts Amherst and Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, May 16-19, 2016
Available from: 2016-07-22 Created: 2016-07-22 Last updated: 2018-01-02Bibliographically approved
Legnér, M. (2016). Konstruktionen av en minnesplats: Bruket av Burmeisterska huset i Visby. Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, 71(1), 22-41
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Konstruktionen av en minnesplats: Bruket av Burmeisterska huset i Visby
2016 (Swedish)In: Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0349-2834, Vol. 71, no 1, p. 22-41Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article deals with how a 17th-century building in Visby, the Burmeister House, has been used as a site of memory since the end of the 19th century. The theoretical starting point is the concept by the French historian Pierre Nora on how historians actively create sites of memory (les lieux de mémoire). We can regard the house as a site of memory to try and understand the historical significance previously ascribed to it and how the house is seen today. A site can be conserved or preserved through alteration, which emphasizes a selection of its characteristics that become tangible expressions of abstract

narratives about the national or local community. This is the case with Burmeister House,

which, after being bought by Visby council in 1904, went from being a private home to a public museum, tourist office, restaurant, and reading room, later becoming a listed building and a visitor centre for the World Heritage Site. Hand in hand with the house becoming a place that provided experiences by way of guided tours, and where various kinds of merchandise were sold, the building underwent a number of major renovations. These were designed to reinforce the impression of a well-preserved merchant’s home from the early period of Swedish control on Gotland. Reminders of the post-18th-century history of the house can be seen in various places. The building has an almost 90-year history as a tourist centre and travel agency, yet we can glimpse this narrative only by way of various “forgotten” objects. An increasingly respectful attitude to the building’s 17th-century wall paintings, viewed through the lens of cultural history, led to the tourist centre moving out in around 1993. At the beginning of the 21st century the building became a visitor centre for the newly designated World Heritage Site of the Hanseatic town of Visby. This led to a shift in focus for this site of memory, away from the building itself towards the conceptualization of the World Heritage Site and notions of Visby’s unique nature. At the end of the article the author discusses problems and possibilities if the building were to be used more actively again. The article draws on records held by the Antiquarian-Topographical Archive, Gotland Tourist Association, Military Archives in Stockholm, Gotlands fornvänner, Museum of Gotland and Region Gotland.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Föreningen bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, 2016
Keyword
Tourism history, Heritage, Conservation, les lieux de mémoire, World Heritage, memory sites, Burmeister House
National Category
History Art History
Research subject
Conservation (HGO)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-294551 (URN)
Available from: 2016-05-24 Created: 2016-05-24 Last updated: 2018-01-02Bibliographically approved
Brosché, J., Kreutz, J. & Legnér, M. (2016). Kulturarv i skottgluggen.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kulturarv i skottgluggen
2016 (Swedish)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

ANALYS Den Islamiska staten attacker mot Palmyra och andra kulturarv i Syrien och Irak har fått stor uppmärksamhet i internationella medier. Men attacker mot kulturarv i väpnade konflikter är inte unikt för IS, och dessa attacker kan ha en rad olika syften. Det skriver Johan Brosché, Joakim Kreutz och Mattias Legner utifrån ett nytt tvärvetenskapligt forskningsprojekt.

Keyword
Islamiska Staten, kulturarv, palmyra
National Category
Art History Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research; Conservation (HGO)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-313193 (URN)
Projects
Projektet "Attacker på kulturarv" vid Uppsala Universitet.
Note

Projektet "Attacker på kulturarv" vid Uppsala Universitet.

Available from: 2017-01-17 Created: 2017-01-17 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Legnér, M. (2016). Kulturarvsbruk i väpnade konflikter. Historisk Tidskrift (S), 136(4), 658-672
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kulturarvsbruk i väpnade konflikter
2016 (Swedish)In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 136, no 4, p. 658-672Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keyword
kulturarv, konflikter, förstörelse, plundring, kulturegendom, krig, historiebruk, Kosovo, Bosnien, Mostar, Balkan
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-313433 (URN)000390184600004 ()
Available from: 2017-01-26 Created: 2017-01-19 Last updated: 2018-01-02Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0870-390x

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