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Publications (10 of 25) Show all publications
Calissendorff, L., Brosché, J. & Sundberg, R. (2019). Dehumanization Amidst Massacres: An Examination of Dinka-Nuer Intergroup Attitudes in South Sudan. Peace and Conflict: The Journal of Peace Psychology, 25(1), 37-48
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dehumanization Amidst Massacres: An Examination of Dinka-Nuer Intergroup Attitudes in South Sudan
2019 (English)In: Peace and Conflict: The Journal of Peace Psychology, ISSN 1078-1919, E-ISSN 1532-7949, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 37-48Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous research on dehumanization has been conducted primarily in Western contexts, and outside ofperiods of ongoing and highly violent conflict. The present study, in contrast, examines grassroots-leveldehumanization between South Sudan’s two largest ethnic groups—Dinka and Nuer—during an episodeof extreme interethnic violence. Using a mixed-methods approach we study levels of dehumanization andhow these attitudes are related to and structured around ongoing and/or very recent extreme violence.Whereas the results demonstrated mechanistic dehumanization by the Dinka participants vis-a`-vis theNuer, no similar dehumanization was found among the Nuer: although there were clear signs ofintergroup bias. Our focus groups demonstrated that dehumanization attitudes in South Sudan are to agreat degree structured around recent event of mass violence. In fact, practically all dehumanizingattitudes were related to these recent events and not to events previous, or to historicized stereotypes. Thecore contribution of this article is threefold. First, we deepen understanding of dehumanization byexamining a non-Western case with ongoing, highly violent, conflict. Second, we further knowledgeabout the psychological effects of events of mass violence. Third, we provide new insights to the situationin South Sudan by our analysis of intergroup perceptions.

Keywords
attitudes, emotions, dehumanization, interethnic relations, South Sudan
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-362400 (URN)10.1037/pac0000352 (DOI)000457475500005 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2015-01235Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation
Available from: 2018-10-04 Created: 2018-10-04 Last updated: 2019-03-05Bibliographically approved
Brosché, J. (2019). Ethno-communal Conflict in Sudan and South Sudan. In: Steven Ratuva (Ed.), The Palgrave Handbook of Ethnicity: . Dordrecht: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethno-communal Conflict in Sudan and South Sudan
2019 (English)In: The Palgrave Handbook of Ethnicity / [ed] Steven Ratuva, Dordrecht: Springer, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter analyses ethno-communal conflicts in Sudan and South Sudan, which gained independence in 2011. In these two countries, ethno-communal rivalries have primarily manifested in three different types of violent conflicts: communal conflicts, rebel-rebel fighting and civil wars. The study consist of three core parts. First, the chapter provides some empirical information about center-periphery relations (in both Sudan and South Sudan elites in the center enjoys outmost political and economic power while other regions are severely marginalized) and the major violent conflicts in the two countries. Second, the chapter focuses on ethno-communal conflicts in Sudan’s westernmost region, Darfur. This section illustrates that an intricate web of ethno-communal conflicts exist in Darfur. It also emphasizes the importance of land and examines the government’s role in these different conflicts. Third, the chapter studies the civil war that has devastated South Sudan since December 2013. It shows that legacies from Sudan’s North-South war (particularly the Sudanese government’s strategy of divide-and-rule) are important for how the war in South Sudan has manifested.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dordrecht: Springer, 2019
Keywords
Sudan, South Sudan, Darfur, Conflict Complexity, Communal Conflict, Civil War, Conflict Interlinkages
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-381380 (URN)
Projects
Conflicts, Connections, Complexities: Towards a Multi-layered Understanding of Civil War
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2015-01235
Available from: 2019-04-09 Created: 2019-04-09 Last updated: 2019-04-09Bibliographically approved
Brosché, J. & Kreutz, J. (2018). A responsibility to talk: mediation and violence against civilians. In: David Carment and Evan Hoffman (Ed.), International Mediation in a Fragile World: . New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A responsibility to talk: mediation and violence against civilians
2018 (English)In: International Mediation in a Fragile World / [ed] David Carment and Evan Hoffman, New York: Routledge, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2018
Keywords
mediation; one-sided violence; civil war; negotiations; human security
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-381359 (URN)
Available from: 2019-04-08 Created: 2019-04-08 Last updated: 2019-04-09
Brosché, J. & Duursma, A. (2018). Hurdles to peace: a level-of-analysis approach to resolving Sudan's civil wars. Third World Quarterly, 39(3), 560-576
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hurdles to peace: a level-of-analysis approach to resolving Sudan's civil wars
2018 (English)In: Third World Quarterly, ISSN 0143-6597, E-ISSN 1360-2241, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 560-576Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Why do some peace agreements end armed conflicts whereas others do not? Previous studies have primarily focused on the relation between warring parties and the provisions included in peace agreements. Prominent mediators, however, have emphasised the importance of stakeholders at various levels for the outcome of peace agreements. To match the experience of these negotiators we apply a level-of-analysis approach to examine the contextual circumstances under which peace agreements are concluded. While prominent within the causes of war literature, level-of-analysis approaches are surprisingly scant in research about conflict resolution. This article compares two Sudanese Peace Agreements: the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (2005) that ended the North-South war and led to the independence of South Sudan, and the Darfur Peace Agreement (2006) which failed to end fighting in Darfur. We find that factors at the local, national and international level explain the different outcomes of the two agreements. Hence, the two case studies illustrate the merit of employing a level-of-analysis approach to study the outcome of peace agreements. The main contribution of this article is that it presents a new theoretical framework to understand why some peace agreements terminate armed conflict whereas others do not.

Keywords
Civil war, conflict resolution, level of analysis, peace agreements, Sudan, South Sudan
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-331404 (URN)10.1080/01436597.2017.1333417 (DOI)000426957200010 ()
Projects
Conflicts, Connections, Complexities: Towards a Multi-layered Understanding of Civil War
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2015-01235
Available from: 2017-10-13 Created: 2017-10-13 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved
Brosché, J. & Sundberg, R. (2018). This Land is Whose Land?: ‘Sons of the Soil’ Conflicts in Darfur (1ed.). In: Isabelle Côté; Matthew I. Mitchell; Monica Duffy Toft (Ed.), People Changing Places: New Perspectives on Demography, Migration, Conflict, and the State (pp. 59-81). New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>This Land is Whose Land?: ‘Sons of the Soil’ Conflicts in Darfur
2018 (English)In: People Changing Places: New Perspectives on Demography, Migration, Conflict, and the State / [ed] Isabelle Côté; Matthew I. Mitchell; Monica Duffy Toft, New York: Routledge, 2018, 1, p. 59-81Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2018 Edition: 1
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research; Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-356702 (URN)9780815360759 (ISBN)9781351117623 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2015-01235
Available from: 2018-08-03 Created: 2018-08-03 Last updated: 2019-05-02Bibliographically approved
Brosché, J. (2017). Half a Century of Peace in Botswana. Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Half a Century of Peace in Botswana
2017 (English)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

Africa is the world’s most conflict-affected region, with one third of all civil and interstate conflicts since 1946 taking place on the continent. This bleak picture is not all-embracing, however. Surrounded by seven neighbours plagued by conflicts, Botswana, Malawi and Zambia constitute a ‘Zone of Peace’ spared from violent conflict since they gained independence over half a century ago. This article will describe the main characteristics of Botswana’s peace and chart some of its causes.

Place, publisher, year, pages
Stockholm: , 2017
Series
Dumela ; No 4 (2017)
Keywords
Botswana, Peace, Africa
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-336922 (URN)
Projects
Causes of Peace: The Botswana, Zambia and Malawi 'Zone of Peace'
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2013-06408
Available from: 2017-12-18 Created: 2017-12-18 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved
Brosché, J., Legnér, M., Kreutz, J. & Ijla, A. (2017). Heritage under Attack: motives for targeting cultural property during armed conflict. International Journal of Heritage Studies (IJHS), 23(3), 248-260
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Heritage under Attack: motives for targeting cultural property during armed conflict
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Heritage Studies (IJHS), ISSN 1352-7258, E-ISSN 1470-3610, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 248-260Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although attacks on cultural property have caused international outcry,our understanding of this phenomenon is still limited. In particular, littleresearch has been directed towards exploring the motivations for suchattacks. Therefore, we ask: What are the motives for attacking sites, buildingsor objects representing cultural heritage? By combining insights from peaceand conflict research with findings from heritage studies we present atypology of motivations for attacking cultural property. We identify four,not mutually exclusive, broad groups of motives: (i) attacks related to conflictgoals, in which cultural property is targeted because it is connected to theissue the warring parties are fighting over (ii), military-strategic attacks, inwhich the main motivation is to win tactical advantages in the conflict (iii),signalling attacks, in which cultural property is targeted as a low-risk targetthat signals the commitment of the aggressor, and (iv) economic incentiveswhere cultural property provides funding for warring parties. Our typologyoffers a theoretical structure for research about why, when, and by whom,cultural property is targeted. This is not only likely to provide academicbenefits, but also to contribute to the development of more effective toolsfor the protection of cultural property during armed conflict.

Keywords
Cultural heritage; cultural property; attacks; motives; armed conflict
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified History
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research; History of Art
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-308993 (URN)10.1080/13527258.2016.1261918 (DOI)000393883600005 ()
Projects
Attacks on Cultural Heritages: Causes and Consequences Examined from a Multidisciplinary Perspective
Funder
Magnus Bergvall Foundation, 2015-00813
Available from: 2016-12-01 Created: 2016-12-01 Last updated: 2018-01-02Bibliographically approved
Brosché, J., Höglund, K. & van Baalen, S. (2017). Jasaffären i Botswana strider mot Sveriges mål (Selling JAS to Botswana goes against Sweden’s Foreign Policy Goals). Stockholm: Svenska Dagbladet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Jasaffären i Botswana strider mot Sveriges mål (Selling JAS to Botswana goes against Sweden’s Foreign Policy Goals)
2017 (Swedish)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Som fredsforskare stöder vi starkt en svensk utrikespolitik med fokus på mänskliga rättigheter, fred och fattigdomsbekämpning. En Jasaffär med Botswana skulle stå i direkt strid med Sveriges utrikesmål.

Place, publisher, year, pages
Stockholm: Svenska Dagbladet, 2017
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-331850 (URN)
Projects
Causes of Peace – The Botswana, Zambia and Malawi “Zone of Peace”
Available from: 2017-10-18 Created: 2017-10-18 Last updated: 2017-10-19
Brosché, J. & Höglund, K. (2016). Crisis of governance in South Sudan: electoral politics and violence in the world's newest nation. Journal of Modern African Studies, 54(1), 67-90
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Crisis of governance in South Sudan: electoral politics and violence in the world's newest nation
2016 (English)In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 54, no 1, p. 67-90Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Since mid-December 2013, thousands of people have been killed in armed conflict in South Sudan. The fighting is entrenched in a power struggle between the main political contenders ahead of elections which were scheduled for 2015. This article examines the violence in South Sudan since the North-South war ended with a focus on the consequences of the introduction of electoral politics. Our research contributes to the literature on state-building and peace-building in war-torn societies, by exploring how the extreme levels of violence are linked to three groups of factors. First, the stakes involved in being part of the government are extremely high, since it is the only way to secure political and economic influence. Second, the actors involved in political life are dominated by individuals who held positions within the rebel groups, which increases the risk of political differences turning violent. Third, the institutions important for a legitimate electoral process, and which work to prevent violence, are weak or non-existent.

Keywords
South Sudan, elections, violence, conflict
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-276272 (URN)10.1017/S0022278X15000828 (DOI)000370862400003 ()
Available from: 2016-02-10 Created: 2016-02-10 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Brosché, J., Kreutz, J. & Legnér, M. (2016). Kulturarv i skottgluggen.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kulturarv i skottgluggen
2016 (Swedish)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

ANALYS Den Islamiska staten attacker mot Palmyra och andra kulturarv i Syrien och Irak har fått stor uppmärksamhet i internationella medier. Men attacker mot kulturarv i väpnade konflikter är inte unikt för IS, och dessa attacker kan ha en rad olika syften. Det skriver Johan Brosché, Joakim Kreutz och Mattias Legner utifrån ett nytt tvärvetenskapligt forskningsprojekt.

Keywords
Islamiska Staten, kulturarv, palmyra
National Category
Art History Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research; Conservation (HGO)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-313193 (URN)
Projects
Projektet "Attacker på kulturarv" vid Uppsala Universitet.
Note

Projektet "Attacker på kulturarv" vid Uppsala Universitet.

Available from: 2017-01-17 Created: 2017-01-17 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Projects
Conflicts, Connections, Complexities: Towards a Multi-layered Understanding of Civil War [2015-01235]; Uppsala University; Publications
Fjelde, H. & Nilsson, D. (2018). The Rise of Rebel Contenders: Barriers to entry and fragmentation in civil wars. Journal of Peace Research, 55(5), 551-565
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1282-9823

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