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Ahmad, Abdulbaghi
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 15) Show all publications
Taib, N. I. & Ahmad, A. (2019). Boys who work on the streets of Iraq are exposed to more traumatic events such as torture than schoolboys of the same age. Acta Paediatrica, 108(4), 725-730
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Boys who work on the streets of Iraq are exposed to more traumatic events such as torture than schoolboys of the same age
2019 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 108, no 4, p. 725-730Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: Information is scarce about the issues faced by street working. This study examined traumatic events experienced by boys working on the streets of Iraq compared to schoolboys.

Methods We compared 100 street working boys aged 8–16 years who were attending a drop‐in centre for street working children in Duhok City, Kurdistan, Iraq, in 2004/2005 with 100 age‐matched schoolboys randomly selected from six local schools. The instruments that were used included the Harvard–Uppsala Trauma Questionnaire for Children.

Results: Most of the street working boys were involved in activities such as selling goods or shoe shining, and some were stealing or begging. None were involved in drugs or prostitution. The street working boys showed a significantly higher rate of traumatic events than the control group (96% versus 64%, p < 0.001) and higher rates of moderate to severe trauma levels (78% versus 25%, p < 0.001). A varying degree of association was found for reporting different traumatic events. The largest effect size was found for torture, with an odds ratio of 28.4, and the smallest for maltreatment or assault (2.7).

Conclusion: Street working boys in Iraq faced a higher risk of exposure to traumatic events than age‐matched schoolboys.

Keywords
Genogram, Schoolchildren, Street working children, Torture, Traumatic events
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-369670 (URN)10.1111/apa.14530 (DOI)000461014600023 ()30066963 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-12-15 Created: 2018-12-15 Last updated: 2019-05-08Bibliographically approved
Ahmad, A. (2018). Child mental health: a developmental approach from Kurdistan [Video file].
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Child mental health: a developmental approach from Kurdistan [Video file]
2018 (English)Other (Refereed)
Series
Biomedical & Life Sciences Collection, Henry Stewart Talks., ISSN 2056-452X
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-369675 (URN)
Available from: 2018-12-15 Created: 2018-12-15 Last updated: 2019-01-10Bibliographically approved
Ahmad, A. (2018). CIPCA (crisis intervention program for children and adolescents) preventing posttraumatic psychopathology [Video file]. HSTALKS
Open this publication in new window or tab >>CIPCA (crisis intervention program for children and adolescents) preventing posttraumatic psychopathology [Video file]
2018 (English)Other (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, pages
HSTALKS, 2018
Series
Biomedical & Life Sciences Collection, Henry Stewart Talks, ISSN 2056-452X
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-369671 (URN)
Available from: 2018-12-15 Created: 2018-12-15 Last updated: 2019-01-10Bibliographically approved
Ahmad, A. (2015). Krisbearbeningsprogram för flyktingbarn. Tidskriften för svensk psykiatri
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Krisbearbeningsprogram för flyktingbarn
2015 (Swedish)In: Tidskriften för svensk psykiatri, ISSN 1653-8579Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-369674 (URN)
Available from: 2018-12-15 Created: 2018-12-15 Last updated: 2019-02-28Bibliographically approved
Tahib, N. & Ahmad, A. (2015). Mental Illness among Children Working on the Street Compared with School Children in Duhok. Psychology, 6(12), 1421-1426
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mental Illness among Children Working on the Street Compared with School Children in Duhok
2015 (English)In: Psychology, ISSN 2152-7180, E-ISSN 2152-7199, Vol. 6, no 12, p. 1421-1426Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Abstract Child labor is a gradually increasing phenomenon across the world. Children working on the streets are vulnerable to a variety of mental and non-mental illnesses. Due to the scarcity of the research on the health impacts of this phenomenon on these children, this study investigates the risks of mental illnesses and school performance among children working on the streets. A comparative study was conducted from December 16, 2006 to June 10, 2007. The study included 120 boys working on the streets and a comparable sample of non-working boys from primary schools. A modified Family Map was used to collect data on the socio-demographic characteristics. The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescence tool was utilized to identify the presence of mental illnesses. The findings show that children working on the streets are five times more likely to be depressed and four times more likely to be anxious than school children. No significant differences are found between the two groups concerning suicide, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, conduct disorder, tic disorder or school performance. Children working on the streets are more likely to have one or more mental illnesses than the comparable sample of boys attending school regularly. More research is needed to address pathogenesis of mental illnesses as well as resilience of vulnerable children living in a difficult environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
US: Scientific Research Publishing, 2015
National Category
Psychiatry
Research subject
Child and Youth Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-382868 (URN)10.4236/psych.2015.612138 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-05-03 Created: 2019-05-03 Last updated: 2019-05-08Bibliographically approved
Tahib, N. & Ahmad, A. (2014). Psychiatric Morbidity among Street Children in Duhok. Clinical Medicine Insights: Pediatrics, 8, 11-16, Article ID 24653656.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychiatric Morbidity among Street Children in Duhok
2014 (English)In: Clinical Medicine Insights: Pediatrics, ISSN 1179-5565, Vol. 8, p. 11-16, article id 24653656Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Due, in part, to family constraints in dealing with the economical burden of raising a family, a wave of street children is sweeping the developing world. Such children are prone to both somatic and mental illnesses. This is the first ever study that has been conducted to explore the psychopathology among street children in the Duhok Governorate. Methods: The study was conducted between March 2004 and May 2005 in Duhok City among street children who attended the Zewa Center—the only center for street children in the region at the time of the study. Among a total of 107 eligible children, 100 agreed to participate (93% response rate). A modified family map (genogram) was used to obtain demographic data from the children and their caregivers through semi-structured interviews. In addition, the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID) structured interviews were conducted with the children. results: The study found that 98% of children worked on the street because of the economic need and pressure on their families. There was high rate of parental illiteracy (90% of fathers and 95% of mothers), and 61% of respondents were shown to have at least one psychiatric disorder. A high percentage (57%) of these children suffered from anxiety disorders including posttraumatic stress disorders (29%). Ten percent had depression, and 5% had attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. conclusIon: Street children in Duhok seem to be working children due to their families’ needs. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
US: Sage Publications, 2014
Keywords
street children, psychiatric disorders, Duhok
National Category
Psychiatry
Research subject
Child and Youth Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-382867 (URN)10.4137/CMPed.S13505 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-05-03 Created: 2019-05-03 Last updated: 2019-05-08Bibliographically approved
Ahmad, A. (2009). Introducing child mental health in the medical curriculum in Duhok. Duhok Medical Journal, 3(1), 12-24
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introducing child mental health in the medical curriculum in Duhok
2009 (English)In: Duhok Medical Journal, ISSN 2071-7326, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 12-24Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Child mental health and child and adolescent psychiatry is increasinglybecoming an indicator for any modern society to bring up child perspectives preparing forprosperous future. This field was lacking as an own medical speciality in the Middle Eastuntil the establishment of the Department of Child Mental Health at the College of Medicine,University of Duhok in 20 September 2001.

Objectives To build up local competence in Child Mental Health, and to introduce Child andAdolescent Psychiatry as a modern subject in the curriculums at the College of Medicine,University of Duhok, in the Kurdistan region of Iraq.

Methods The Department of Child Mental Health (CMH) was established at the College ofMedicine, University of Duhok, in collaboration with the Department of Neuroscience, Childand Adolescent Psychiatry at the Uppsala University in Sweden. Education programs aredelivered from the Uppsala University in Sweden to the College of Medicine, University ofDuhok in Iraqi Kurdistan, at three levels; community-based education, undergraduate medicaleducation, and postgraduate education to achieve High Diploma (Master) degree, adjusted tothe local system in Kurdistan.

Results The CMH is a unit belonged to the pediatrics at the College of Medicine, and havinglinks to the Directorates of Health, Education and Social Care in Duhok. Lectures in Childand Adolescent Psychiatry are delivered to the fifth year medicine students one week inautumn to be followed by another week of teaching in clinical case discussions in springevery year. The final examination consisting of the means of scores collected during the firsttheory and the second clinical courses compose 20% of the final pediatric examination. Thepostgraduate program consists of two-year education, after one-year pediatric residency, toobtain specialist competence in the subject.

Conclusions Transferring up-to-date knowledge on modern subjects from advancedinternational universities to the universities in Iraq is necessary and possible if modernteaching methods are effectively utilized. The CMH is proved to be a good example ofsuccessful collaboration, making the College of Medicine at the University of Duhok as thefirst school of medicine in the Middle East having Child and Adolescent Psychiatry as anobligatory teaching subject.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Duhok: College of Medicine, Dohuk University, Iraq, 2009
Keywords
Child mental health, Child and adolescent psychiatry, Medical curriculum, Modern society
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-121009 (URN)
Available from: 2010-03-18 Created: 2010-03-18 Last updated: 2010-03-18Bibliographically approved
Hanna, V. N. & Ahmad, A. (2009). Suicide in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, state of the art. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 63(4), 280-284
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Suicide in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, state of the art
2009 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 63, no 4, p. 280-284Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In recent years the, incidence of suicide in Kurdistan has been increasing, especially among females, to a degree it cannot be neglected. Consequently, attention was given to this phenomena and the aggressive method of suicide used by young peoples, especially females, in Kurdistan. In attempt to obtain an objective picture of the frequently media-reported suicide among youths and women in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. The responsible authorities and medical service units in the region were visited to collect information, and the available data were explored to produce a state-of-the-art overview on the subject. Because of insufficient documentation and lack of systematic registration, the data on suicide were scattered and difficult to evaluate. However, the findings did confirm that suicide exists as a serious problem in the society in Kurdistan, particularly among females. Urgent attention is demanded from the responsible authorities and organizations concerned in the region. Further research is needed to investigate the exact extent of suicide and its correlates in the society in Kurdistan, in order to plan for effective preventive measures.

Keywords
Burn, Iraq, Kurdistan, Suicide, Young
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-128277 (URN)10.1080/08039480802610016 (DOI)000269602400003 ()19085207 (PubMedID)
Note

Corrected and republished: "Suicide in the KurdistanRegion of Iraq, state of the art". In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry (2013), vol. 67, issue 2, pp. 140-144.

DOI: 10.3109/08039488.2012.761401

*Originally published as Hanna VN, Ahmad A. Suicide in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, state of the art, Nord J Psychiatry 2009; 63:280–4. The Nordic Journal of Psychiatry apologizes that the citations and references to Mr Rasool's Master Thesis were incomplete in the original version of this article. The original article is hereby retracted. Read More: http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/08039488.2012.761401

Available from: 2010-07-21 Created: 2010-07-20 Last updated: 2018-12-02
Michel, P.-O., Bergh Johannesson, K., Ahmad, A. & Lundin, T. (2006). Posttraumatiskt stressyndrom alltmer i fokus: diagnos och riskfaktorer välbeskrivna men oklart hur vanligt tillståndet är. Läkartidningen, 103(44), 3369-3372
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Posttraumatiskt stressyndrom alltmer i fokus: diagnos och riskfaktorer välbeskrivna men oklart hur vanligt tillståndet är
2006 (Swedish)In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 103, no 44, p. 3369-3372Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-26259 (URN)
Available from: 2007-02-15 Created: 2007-02-15 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Sundelin Wahlsten, V., Ahmad, A. & von Knorring, A.-L. (2002). Do Kurdistanian and Swedish parents and children differ in their rating of competence and behavioural problems?. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 56(4), 279-283
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do Kurdistanian and Swedish parents and children differ in their rating of competence and behavioural problems?
2002 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 56, no 4, p. 279-283Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective

This paper investigates child self-rating of behavioural problems and competence as compared with their parents' ratings, in comparative samples of Kurdistanian refugee children in Sweden and a group of Swedish children.

Method

Kurdistanian and Swedish comparative samples composed of 32 children each matched in age, sex and trauma level, in the same community, and their parents. Among a large battery of instruments, the child behavioural checklist (CBCL) was used in separate interviews with parents and their children.

Results

When compared to the children's self-reported problems scores, the Swedish parents reported significantly lower scores than their children, compared to the Kurdistanian refugee parents.

Conclusion

Regardless of cultural backgrounds, there were more similarities than differences in the children's reporting of their behavioural problems and competence. The discrepancy between the Swedish parents' estimation of their children's behavioural problems and the children's self-reported behavioural problems could be an effect of the individualistic nature of Swedish society compared with the more collective nature of Kurdistanian culture. However, the results should be considered hypothesis generating rather than conclusive.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-63349 (URN)
Available from: 2008-10-17 Created: 2008-10-17 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
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