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Hansson, E. & Jansson, D. (2019). Who’s afraid of the 'beggar'?: A psychoanalytic interpretation of the crises triggered by the begging of 'EU migrants' in Sweden. Social & cultural geography (Print)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Who’s afraid of the 'beggar'?: A psychoanalytic interpretation of the crises triggered by the begging of 'EU migrants' in Sweden
2019 (English)In: Social & cultural geography (Print), ISSN 1464-9365, E-ISSN 1470-1197Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The presence of poor migrants from the EU countries of Romania and Bulgaria (mainly Roma subjects)  who beg in Swedish cities has since 2010 caused a collective crisis in Sweden, affecting Swedish identity and institutions such as the (local and national) welfare state. Employing a psychoanalytic framework, inspired primarily by Lacan and Žižek, we describe the various dimensions of this crisis and explain the socio-psychological processes that produce the experience of crisis. We argue that the reason the ‘EU migrant’/’beggar’ produces these crises is because this figure is a symptom of the Real. Encounters with ‘EU migrants’ in the Swedish landscape become ethical encounters with the Real within three main realms: intersubjective (individual), national identity (collective), and political economy (institutional). The individual experiences an ethical crisis where no action in the meeting with a ‘beggar’ provides a satisfactory solution to the problem. The presence of ‘EU migrants’ also threatens to undermine the hegemonic Swedish self-image as a moral superpower. And the ‘EU migrant’s’ presence interferes with the nation’s desire to believe in its political and economic institutions. Finally, the attempt to satisfactorily locate responsibility for solving the problem of the ‘EU migrant’ reveals contradictions within capitalism, nationalism, and liberalism as they operate in the Swedish context.

Abstract [fr]

La présence de migrants pauvres de l’UE qui mendient dans les villes suédoises provoque depuis 2010 une crise collective en Suède, qui affecte l’identité et les institutions suédoises comme l’Etat providence (local et national). En utilisant un cadre psychanalytique, inspiré principalement de Lacan et Žižek, nous décrivons les différentes dimensions de cette crise et expliquons les processus socio-psychologiques qui produisent l’expérience de la crise. Nous soutenons que la raison pour laquelle le « mendiant de l’UE » produit ces crises est que cette figure est un symptôme du Réel. Les rencontres avec « les migrants de l’UE » dans le paysage suédois deviennent des rencontres éthiques avec le Réel au sein de trois domaines principaux: l’intersubjectif (individu), l’identité nationale (collectif) et la politique économique (institutionnel). L’individu fait l’expérience d’une crise éthique quand aucune action dans la rencontre avec « le mendiant » ne fournit de solution satisfaisante au problème. La présence des « migrants de l’UE » menace aussi d’ébranler l’image de soi hégémonique suédoise en tant que super puissance morale. La présence des « migrants de l’UE » dérange le désir de la nation de croire à ses institutions politiques et économiques. Enfin, la tentative de localiser correctement la responsabilité de résoudre le problème du « migrant de l’UE » révèle des contradictions au sein du capitalisme, du nationalisme et du libéralisme tels qu’ils opèrent dans le contexte suédois.

Abstract [es]

La presencia de migrantes pobres de la UE que mendigan en ciudades suecas ha causado desde 2010 una crisis colectiva en Suecia, afectando a la identidad sueca e instituciones como el estado del bienestar (local y nacional). Empleando un marco psicoanalítico, inspirado principalmente por Lacan y Žižek, se describen las diversas dimensiones de esta crisis y se explican los procesos sociopsicológicos que producen la experiencia de la crisis. Se argumenta que la razón por la cual el ‘mendigo de la UE’/‘mendigo’ produce estas crisis es porque esta imagen es un síntoma de lo Real. Los encuentros con los ‘migrantes de la UE’ en el paisaje sueco se convierten en encuentros éticos con lo Real dentro de tres ámbitos principales: intersubjetivo (individual), identidad nacional (colectiva), y economía política (institucional). El individuo experimenta una crisis ética donde ninguna acción en el encuentro con un ‘mendigo’ brinda una solución satisfactoria al problema. La presencia de ‘migrantes de la UE’ también amenaza con debilitar la autoimagen hegemónica de Suecia como una superpotencia moral. Y la presencia del ‘migrante de la UE’ interfiere con el deseo de la nación de creer en sus instituciones políticas y económicas. Finalmente, el intento de ubicar satisfactoriamente la responsabilidad de resolver el problema del ‘migrante de la UE’ revela contradicciones dentro del capitalismo, el nacionalismo y el liberalismo, ya que operan en el contexto sueco.

Keywords
begging, Sweden, psychoanalysis, public space, racism, nationalism, welfare state
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-372126 (URN)10.1080/14649365.2019.1585563 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-01-06 Created: 2019-01-06 Last updated: 2019-03-06Bibliographically approved
Jansson, D. (2018). Deadly exceptionalisms, or, would you rather be crushed by a moral superpower or a military superpower?. Political Geography, 64, 83-91
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Deadly exceptionalisms, or, would you rather be crushed by a moral superpower or a military superpower?
2018 (English)In: Political Geography, ISSN 0962-6298, E-ISSN 1873-5096, Vol. 64, p. 83-91Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this essay, I consider the ways in which nationalism in both the U.S. and Sweden relies on notions of exceptionalism, and I discuss what this means materially for their own populations and for the world. The analysis consists of two lines of attack against both these assumptions of exceptionalism – one focusing on psychological processes and the other political economy processes. I examine the historical development of the ideas of U.S. and Swedish exceptionalism, and consider the roles of ignorance, denial, and projection in maintaining these problematic ideas. Through the use of a materialist definition of racism, I show how the nationalist ideology of exceptionalism in these two cases harms the well-being of their own citizens as well as citizens of other states. I argue that a combination of the psychological and political economy approaches are necessary if we are to both understand the power and impact of exceptionalism as a nationalist ideology and to be able to effectively work against their tendency to “crush” marginalized groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Exceptionalism, Nationalism, Ideology, Racism, U.S., Sweden
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-350509 (URN)10.1016/j.polgeo.2017.12.007 (DOI)000432759900009 ()
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P11-0754:1
Available from: 2018-05-09 Created: 2018-05-09 Last updated: 2018-08-13Bibliographically approved
Jansson, D. (2018). Orientalism and Geography. In: Oxford bibliographies: Geography: . New York: Oxford University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Orientalism and Geography
2018 (English)In: Oxford bibliographies: Geography, New York: Oxford University Press, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Oxford University Press, 2018
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-197259 (URN)10.1093/OBO/9780199874002-0010 (DOI)
Available from: 2013-03-20 Created: 2013-03-20 Last updated: 2018-03-02
Jansson, D. (2017). The work of southering: "Southern justice" and the moral landscape of uneven racism. Southeastern Geographer, 57(2), 131-150
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The work of southering: "Southern justice" and the moral landscape of uneven racism
2017 (English)In: Southeastern Geographer, ISSN 0038-366X, Vol. 57, no 2, p. 131-150Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article seeks to stimulate a discussion about the ways in which scholars may reproduce the identity discourse of internal orientalism (here called “southering”) and the moral landscape of uneven racism in the process of critiquing injustice in the southeastern states. It points to the problems with making explicit and unsubstantiated comparisons on issues such as racism between the “South” and “North” and highlights discursive forms that risk triggering reader interpretations (such as the idea of “Southern distinctiveness”) that may be inconsistent with the intentions of the author. It ends by considering a few strategies for minimizing the communication of unintended messages, including more precision with regard to temporal and spatial boundaries, using a form of the “contrapuntal method” where generalizations about “the South” are accompanied by statements describing the status of the problem in question in the rest of the country, employing a materialist definition of racism as well as a dialectical analysis that focuses on process and relation.

Keywords
internal orientalism, U.S. South, racism, discourse, justice, representation
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-325536 (URN)10.1353/sgo.2017.0014 (DOI)000403703500004 ()
Available from: 2017-06-26 Created: 2017-06-26 Last updated: 2017-10-19Bibliographically approved
Jansson, D. (2016). Humor as pedagogy: A geographical perspective. In: K. Andreasen, M. Magnusson (Ed.), För Pedagogisk Utveckling Tillsammans: Lärare och Studenter som Medskapare av Utbildningen (pp. 45-52). Uppsala: Uppsala University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Humor as pedagogy: A geographical perspective
2016 (English)In: För Pedagogisk Utveckling Tillsammans: Lärare och Studenter som Medskapare av Utbildningen / [ed] K. Andreasen, M. Magnusson, Uppsala: Uppsala University , 2016, p. 45-52Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala University, 2016
Series
Rapportserie från Avdelningen för universitetspedagogisk utveckling ; 4
Keywords
humor, pedagogy, classroom
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-301658 (URN)
Available from: 2016-08-24 Created: 2016-08-24 Last updated: 2016-08-24Bibliographically approved
Jansson, D. (2016). The Other Vietnam Syndrome: The Cultural Politics of Corporeal Patriotism and Visual Resistance. ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies, 15(2), 418-439
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Other Vietnam Syndrome: The Cultural Politics of Corporeal Patriotism and Visual Resistance
2016 (English)In: ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies, ISSN 1492-9732, E-ISSN 1492-9732, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 418-439Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article argues that the emergence of the U.S. counterculture contemporaneously with the Vietnam antiwar movement produced a visual coding of antiwar thought and action as dirty, messy, and most of all ‘hippie’, as a result of the visual differences between the most visible elements of the movement and the U.S. mainstream. This coding of antiwar sentiment as visually Other was seized upon by the right as part of the process of remembering this era of U.S. history, and this visual coding has over time evolved into a ‘regime of visuality’ that delegitimizes opposition to war and introduces a kind of corporeal patriotism where one’s loyalty to the state can be measured by an evaluation of one’s appearance. Whereas the Vietnam syndrome was an expression of elite disdain for public opposition to ‘the use of force’ (i.e. military invasions), the other Vietnam syndrome (OVS) constitutes a regime of visuality that links visual deviance to opposition to war, with the intention of delegitimizing both and placing deviant-looking protesters outside the body of the ‘legitimate’ public. The article provides historical and theoretical overviews of the OVS and discusses implications for contemporary protest movements.

Keywords
visuality, visibility, appearance, protest, Vietnam, body, patriotism, nationalism
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-284450 (URN)000380036300009 ()
Available from: 2016-04-18 Created: 2016-04-18 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Jansson, D. (2015). “Car-terrorism” and other horrors: Sweden confronts automobility, 1906-1939. In: : . Paper presented at Nordic Geographers Meeting.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>“Car-terrorism” and other horrors: Sweden confronts automobility, 1906-1939
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the emergence of automobility in early twentieth-century Sweden. In today’s Sweden the automobile has a taken-for-granted dominance, though the rule of the car is increasingly being questioned. By reviewing archival materials, including protocols from debates in the Swedish parliament, official government reports, and newsreel films, I try to recover the sense of impending disaster, as well as the sense of impending freedom and progress, that government leaders were confronted with as the automobile gradually moved beyond being a plaything for wealthy men to becoming a form of transportation accessible to wage-laborers. Some Swedish politicians happily retold stories of horses keeling over dead when confronted by automobiles on relatively narrow dirt roads, and warned of the threat of “car-terrorism”, while others welcomed the automobile as a sign of modernity, freedom, and progress. The analysis grapples with the political nature of historical geographical research, as well as the problem of the limits presented by the materiality of these particular sources and to what extent they allow faithful historical interpretation.

Keywords
automobility
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-287510 (URN)
Conference
Nordic Geographers Meeting
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P11-0754:1
Available from: 2016-04-25 Created: 2016-04-25 Last updated: 2016-04-25
Jansson, D. (2015). Humor in the classroom: A geographic perspective on the rewards and risks of a pedagogy of laughter. In: : . Paper presented at Konferens i universitetspedagogisk utveckling.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Humor in the classroom: A geographic perspective on the rewards and risks of a pedagogy of laughter
2015 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Keywords
education, pedagogy, space, humor, teaching, learning, classroom
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-284454 (URN)
Conference
Konferens i universitetspedagogisk utveckling
Available from: 2016-04-18 Created: 2016-04-18 Last updated: 2016-04-18
Jansson, D. (2015). Reaching a State of Hope: Refugees, Immigrants and the Swedish Welfare State, 1930-2000 [Review]. The international migration review, 49(3), E23-E24, Article ID IMRE12218.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reaching a State of Hope: Refugees, Immigrants and the Swedish Welfare State, 1930-2000
2015 (English)In: The international migration review, ISSN 0197-9183, E-ISSN 1747-7379, Vol. 49, no 3, p. E23-E24, article id IMRE12218Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-262842 (URN)10.1111/imre.12218 (DOI)000363731800004 ()
Available from: 2015-09-22 Created: 2015-09-22 Last updated: 2017-12-04
Jansson, D. (2015). “We are going through a deep dark valley”: Social anxiety and the success of the art of Haddon Sundblom and Warner Sallman. In: : . Paper presented at Nordic Association of American Studies 24th Biennial Conference.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>“We are going through a deep dark valley”: Social anxiety and the success of the art of Haddon Sundblom and Warner Sallman
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

American artists Haddon Sundblom and Warner Sallman were the creators of some of the most famous images of the 20th century. They both also happen to have roots in the same small municipality in the Åland Islands archipelago. Sundblom created the famous images of Santa Claus for Coca-Cola’s yearly Christmas advertisments, and Sallman painted the famous “Head of Christ” image of Jesus. The purpose of this paper is to seek an explanation for the astounding success of their images. I begin by reviewing some letters sent by American immigrants from Åland back home to their relatives in the municipality of Föglö, where Sundblom’s and Sallman’s fathers came from, during the period 1933-1951. These letters eloquently express the tensions and anxiety faced by the general population during this time of depression and war. The paper then proceeds to examine the social psychological dynamics experienced by Americans during this period through a consideration of the historical literature. The tentative argument presented in the paper holds that the images of Sundblom and Sallman represented two kinds of gods: a god of commercialism (Santa) and a god of Christianity (Jesus), both figures being made more accessible and comforting than they previously had been experienced by consumers of these images.

Keywords
Åland
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-287519 (URN)
Conference
Nordic Association of American Studies 24th Biennial Conference
Available from: 2016-04-25 Created: 2016-04-25 Last updated: 2016-04-25
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5123-1357

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