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Husz, O. (2018). Bank Identity: Banks, ID Cards, and the Emergence of a Financial Identification Society in Sweden. Enterprise & society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bank Identity: Banks, ID Cards, and the Emergence of a Financial Identification Society in Sweden
2018 (English)In: Enterprise & society, ISSN 1467-2227, E-ISSN 1467-2235Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Today nearly the entire adult population in Sweden uses a digital BankID for more purposes than only financial ones. Issuing identity documents is commonly perceived as a task for state authorities, but in Swedish society banks have played a dominant role as identificators. The first contribution of this article is that it explains this unique emergence of bank identity and traces the historical roots of a financial identification society to the mid-1960s. Banks started issuing standardized identity cards as a complement to the new system of paying salaries and wages by direct deposit to checking accounts, and these cards eventually became quasi-official identity documents. The Swedish story thus contrasts the scholarship on identification and state control. By treating identity as both a socio-cultural category and a materialization of a technology of control, I argue that the formalization of official identity documents for everyday use was intertwined with the creation of new financial identities. The introduction and general distribution of ID cards were parts of a process whereby wage earners became financial consumers, and the banks transformed themselves into retail companies. My second contribution therefore relates to the scholarly narrative on the financialization of everyday life since the 1980s. While the mass move to financial identification in Sweden, highlighted in this article, certainly fits the content of this narrative, it questions its chronology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2018
Keywords
ID cards, financial identity, banks, consumer banking, cheque accounts, twentieth-century Europe
National Category
Social Sciences Economics and Business Economic History Cultural Studies History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-340725 (URN)10.1017/eso.2017.43 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2017-01342
Available from: 2018-02-01 Created: 2018-02-01 Last updated: 2018-04-18Bibliographically approved
Husz, O. (2018). Between human capital and human worth: Advertising for correspondence education in 20th century Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of History, Article ID SHIS-2018-0011.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Between human capital and human worth: Advertising for correspondence education in 20th century Sweden
2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, article id SHIS-2018-0011Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

In this article we challenge the conventional dichotomy in the Swedish historiography of the knowledge economy between a present characterized by the capitalization and marketization of knowledge, and a past signified by more idealistic and collectivist educational ideals. We examine how knowledge and education were promoted and justified in terms of their economic and/or ideal value from the 1920s to the 1970s. The sources consist of widely circulated advertisements for Hermods Korrespondensinstitut, the largest of the Swedish correspondence schools during the 20th century. By analysing and contextualising advertisements over six decades we find a strong dominance of individualistic economic valuations from the beginning, a successive increase in idealistic valuations over the decades, and an increasing amalgamation of idealistic and economic justifications for knowledge. Thus, long before human capital theory was formulated around 1960, knowledge was marketed in terms of an individually beneficial investment for economic gain. Given the extensive scale of Hermods and similar institutes’ educational activities, we argue that the narrative about 20th century Swedish society as “a study circle democracy” built on collectivistic ideals of knowledge needs to be nuanced.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
Keywords: knowledge; valuations, human worth; human capital, correspondence schools, Hermods, history of the knowledge economy
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History; History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-346256 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilThe Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation
Available from: 2018-03-15 Created: 2018-03-15 Last updated: 2018-03-15
Husz, O. & Arnberg, K. (2018). From the great department store with love: window display and the transfer of commercial knowledge in early twentieth-century Sweden. History of Retailing and Consumption
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From the great department store with love: window display and the transfer of commercial knowledge in early twentieth-century Sweden
2018 (English)In: History of Retailing and Consumption, ISSN 2373-518X, E-ISSN 2373-5171Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This article highlights the transfers and practical uses of the commercial knowledge of window dressing in early twentieth-century Sweden through the analysis of the professional career and family business of Oscar Lundkvist, Swedish display pioneer and former window dresser in chief of the largest and first Swedish department store, Nordiska Kompaniet. Building on rich source material including unique written and photographic documents from the Lundkvist family, educational material and trade journals, we show how the innovative and spectacular became ordinary and mundane in retail praxis. We argue that the emergence and professionalization of window display brought with it the dissemination and trivialization of the same practice. By focusing on not only the most conspicuous aspects and cultural meanings of window displays but also on the materials and competences involved, we explain how setting up the displays became an everyday commercial practice and how it was positioned between advertising and retail as well as between the artistic and the commercial.

Keywords
Window display; retail; advertising; commercial practices; education; knowledge transfer
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History; History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-346250 (URN)10.1080/2373518X.2018.1449922 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2013-822Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, SAF16-1063:1The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation
Available from: 2018-03-15 Created: 2018-03-15 Last updated: 2018-04-18Bibliographically approved
Husz, O. & Carlsson, K. (2018). Kökskunskap: Det svenska köket mellan socialt ingenjörskap och global kommersialism. In: Lee, Jenny & Torell, Ulrika (Ed.), Köket: rum för drömmar, ideal och vardagsliv under det långa 1900-talet: . Nordiska museets förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kökskunskap: Det svenska köket mellan socialt ingenjörskap och global kommersialism
2018 (Swedish)In: Köket: rum för drömmar, ideal och vardagsliv under det långa 1900-talet / [ed] Lee, Jenny & Torell, Ulrika, Nordiska museets förlag, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nordiska museets förlag, 2018
National Category
Economic History History
Research subject
Economic History; History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-270675 (URN)
Available from: 2016-01-03 Created: 2016-01-03 Last updated: 2018-03-15
Husz, O. & Carlsson, K. (2018). Marketing a New Society or Engineering Kitchens?: The Swedish Consumer Agency and IKEA in the 1970s. In: Gary Cross, Ingo Köhler, and Jan Logemann (Ed.), "Consumer Engineering”::  Marketing between Planning Euphoria and the Limits of Growth, 1930s-1970s. Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Marketing a New Society or Engineering Kitchens?: The Swedish Consumer Agency and IKEA in the 1970s
2018 (English)In: "Consumer Engineering”::  Marketing between Planning Euphoria and the Limits of Growth, 1930s-1970s / [ed] Gary Cross, Ingo Köhler, and Jan Logemann, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2018
National Category
Humanities Social Sciences
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-279018 (URN)
Available from: 2016-02-27 Created: 2016-02-27 Last updated: 2018-03-15
Husz, O. (2016). Att sälja kredit som pengar: Kreditkortets domesticering i 1960-talets Sverige. In: Erik Andersson, Oskar Broberg, Marcus Gianneschi & Bengt Larsson (Ed.), Vardagslivets finansialisering: (pp. 46-58). Göteborg: Centrum för konsumtionsvetenskap
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att sälja kredit som pengar: Kreditkortets domesticering i 1960-talets Sverige
2016 (Swedish)In: Vardagslivets finansialisering / [ed] Erik Andersson, Oskar Broberg, Marcus Gianneschi & Bengt Larsson, Göteborg: Centrum för konsumtionsvetenskap , 2016, p. 46-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Centrum för konsumtionsvetenskap, 2016
Series
CFK-Rapport, ISSN 1653-7491 ; 2016:01
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-279017 (URN)
Available from: 2016-02-27 Created: 2016-02-27 Last updated: 2016-02-27
Husz, O. (2016). Att sätta sig i skuld utan skuldkänsla: Kreditkortets introduktion i 1960-talets Sverige. Ord & Bild (2), 48-58
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att sätta sig i skuld utan skuldkänsla: Kreditkortets introduktion i 1960-talets Sverige
2016 (Swedish)In: Ord & Bild, ISSN 0030-4492, no 2, p. 48-58Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: , 2016
Keywords
konsumtionskredit, kreditkort, vardagslivets finansialisering, 1960-tal, historia
National Category
Social Sciences Economic History Humanities History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-295321 (URN)
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation
Available from: 2016-06-04 Created: 2016-06-04 Last updated: 2016-06-04
Husz, O. (2016). Att upptäcka sin forskningsfråga: Identitetssökande i bankarkivet (1ed.). In: Lundgren, Frans & Josephsson, Peter (Ed.), Historia i praktiken: (pp. 23-38). Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att upptäcka sin forskningsfråga: Identitetssökande i bankarkivet
2016 (Swedish)In: Historia i praktiken / [ed] Lundgren, Frans & Josephsson, Peter, Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 1, p. 23-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Studentlitteratur AB, 2016 Edition: 1
National Category
History Economic History
Research subject
Economic History; History; History of Sciences and Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-270674 (URN)9789144114132 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-01-03 Created: 2016-01-03 Last updated: 2017-05-12Bibliographically approved
Husz, O. (2016). ”Domesticizing consumer credit or creating a debit card nation? The marketing of credit cards in 1960s and 1970s Sweden”. In: : . Paper presented at Workshop: Debt trails: Mapping relations of debt and credit from everyday actors to global credit markets, 3-4 mars 2016, Budapest, Hungary, ELTE University.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>”Domesticizing consumer credit or creating a debit card nation? The marketing of credit cards in 1960s and 1970s Sweden”
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Social Sciences Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-285821 (URN)
Conference
Workshop: Debt trails: Mapping relations of debt and credit from everyday actors to global credit markets, 3-4 mars 2016, Budapest, Hungary, ELTE University
Available from: 2016-04-19 Created: 2016-04-19 Last updated: 2016-04-19
Husz, O. (2016). “Proof of Trust or Modern Money? ”,: Domesticizing Credit Cards in the 1960s and 1970s Sweden. In: : . Paper presented at Domesticizing Financial Economies Part 2 at SASE (Society for the Advancement of Socio-Economics) Conference London, July 2-4, 2015..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>“Proof of Trust or Modern Money? ”,: Domesticizing Credit Cards in the 1960s and 1970s Sweden
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-285823 (URN)
Conference
Domesticizing Financial Economies Part 2 at SASE (Society for the Advancement of Socio-Economics) Conference London, July 2-4, 2015.
Available from: 2016-04-19 Created: 2016-04-19 Last updated: 2016-04-19
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7194-5533

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