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Asai, Ryoko
Publications (10 of 34) Show all publications
Kavathatzopoulos, I., Asai, R., Adams, A. A. & Murata, K. (2017). Snowden’s revelations and the attitudes of students at Swedish universities. Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society, 15(3), 247-264
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Snowden’s revelations and the attitudes of students at Swedish universities
2017 (English)In: Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society, ISSN 1477-996X, E-ISSN 1758-8871, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 247-264Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – This study aims to map Swedish students’ attitudes towards Snowden’s revelations and their effects in the political and socio-cultural environment of Sweden.

Design/methodology/approach – A questionnaire was answered by 190 Swedish university students. The quantitative responses to the survey and qualitative considerations of free text answers were statistically analysed.

Findings – Swedish students had a high level of knowledge about the Snowden revelations; they actively searched for information, gave a positive judgement of Snowden’s actions and were willing to follow his example in Sweden, although not in the USA. They trusted their country and most of its institutions and authorities except for secret service agencies and the internet and computer software companies.

Practical implications – This study could be used as a design of education for university students, especially in information technology programmes.

Social implications – The study can be used for developing and applying policies on privacy, surveillance and whistle-blowing.

Originality/value – This study is part of a bigger international study to map students’ attitudes towards Snowden’s revelations and their opinions about privacy, surveillance and whistle-blowing opening up for cross-cultural analyses.

Keywords
Sweden, Surveillance, Privacy, Snowden
National Category
Human Computer Interaction Media and Communication Technology Psychology Information Systems, Social aspects Human Aspects of ICT Political Science Sociology Ethics
Research subject
Human-Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-329414 (URN)10.1108/JICES-02-2017-0009 (DOI)000412561100006 ()
Projects
ETHCOMP
Available from: 2017-09-14 Created: 2017-09-14 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Asai, R. (2015). Between Insanity and Love. In: Mark Coeckelbergh, Bernd Stahl, and Catherine Flick (Ed.), Computers & Society: The Newsletter of the ACM Special Interest Group on Computers and Society Special Issue on 20 Years of ETHICOMP. Paper presented at ETHICOMP 2015 (pp. 154-158).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Between Insanity and Love
2015 (English)In: Computers & Society: The Newsletter of the ACM Special Interest Group on Computers and Society Special Issue on 20 Years of ETHICOMP / [ed] Mark Coeckelbergh, Bernd Stahl, and Catherine Flick, 2015, p. 154-158Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Technology has opened up more opportunities to find bet- ter partners, especially via online dating sites . In addition, technology related to love and sex currently goes far beyond online dating sites. Technology influences our intimate life more and more. Media started to pick up romantic rela- tionship between human beings and digital characters of- ten. Furthermore, today, many wearable devices to experi- ence virtual sex have come into the market. And also robots designed for having a sex with human beings are being de- veloped rapidly. Some might claim having a sex without love or without reproduction is just totally pointless. Or, having a sex with robots is totally “insane”. But apparently there are big market needs, and modern technology seems to be able to satisfy them. This paper explores how it is possible for us to feeling love or sexual desire for non-organic objects by conducting the interview survey, and also considers why people want to have technology for satisfying sexual desire from a philosophical perspective. 

National Category
Gender Studies Ethics Media and Communication Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-267915 (URN)
Conference
ETHICOMP 2015
Projects
ETHCOMP
Available from: 2015-11-28 Created: 2015-11-28 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Asai, R. & Kavathatzopoulos, I. (2015). Ethical Competence and Social Responsibility in Scientific Research using ICT Tools. In: Mark Coeckelbergh, Bernd Stahl, and Catherine Flick; Vaibhav Garg and Dee Weikle (Ed.), Computers & Society: The Newsletter of the ACM Special Interest Group on Computers and Society Special Issue on 20 Years of ETHICOMP. Paper presented at ETHICOMP 2015 (pp. 345-347). ACM Digital Library
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethical Competence and Social Responsibility in Scientific Research using ICT Tools
2015 (English)In: Computers & Society: The Newsletter of the ACM Special Interest Group on Computers and Society Special Issue on 20 Years of ETHICOMP / [ed] Mark Coeckelbergh, Bernd Stahl, and Catherine Flick; Vaibhav Garg and Dee Weikle, ACM Digital Library, 2015, p. 345-347Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study explores how to improve and support researchers'ethical competence in scientic research and how to conduct research ethically, especially in research activities using Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Refining research ethics relating to ICT is unavoidable in the highly technological society of today, for example big data is used in different scientic research activities, and systems which support our daily lives are constructed based on the existing systems. In other words, technology reproduces technology itself. And almost all research activities need to use ICT through the whole research process. Moreover, researchers are required to be able to participate and react sensibly in ethical dialogues with society and citizens. Seen in that light, this study could be applicable not only to computer science and technology but also to a broad spectrum of research areas as the constructive notions of ethics, liberty and responsibility in research activity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ACM Digital Library, 2015
Series
ACM SIGCAS Computers and Society Newsletter, ISSN 0095-2737
Keywords
Autonomy, decision making, ethical competence, ethical guidelines, research ethics
National Category
Human Computer Interaction Ethics Computer and Information Sciences
Research subject
Human-Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-266791 (URN)10.1145/2874239.2874290 (DOI)
Conference
ETHICOMP 2015
Projects
ETHCOMP
Available from: 2015-11-10 Created: 2015-11-10 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Kavathatzopoulos, I., Lennerfors, T., Laaksoharju, M., Asai, R. & Björk, I. (2015). Etikutbildning för ingenjörer: Övningar, verktyg, metoder. In: Stefan Pålsson (Ed.), 5:e utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges Ingenjörsutbildningar: . Paper presented at 5:e utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges Ingenjörsutbildningar; 18–19 november 2015, Teknisk-naturvetenskaplig fakultet, Uppsala universitet (pp. 30-31). Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Etikutbildning för ingenjörer: Övningar, verktyg, metoder
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2015 (Swedish)In: 5:e utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges Ingenjörsutbildningar / [ed] Stefan Pålsson, Uppsala universitet, 2015, p. 30-31Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

En utbildning i etik som ska träna studenter att själva hantera etiska problem måste utgå ifrån klassisk filosofi och från etikpsykologisk forskning i problemlösning och beslutsfattande. Utbildningen ska koncentrera sig på praktiskt arbete och seminarier med egna verkliga etiska dilemman. Målet är utveckling av förmågan att lösa etiska problem, tolka och tillämpa viktiga principer och regler, och delta aktivt i dialog med andra intressenter. I workshopen kommer vi att visa metoder, verktyg och övningar som vi använder i våra etikkurser för ingenjörer och teknologer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala universitet, 2015
Keywords
Ingenjörsutbildning, etik, didaktik, utbildning, kurs, övning, verktyg, metod
National Category
Human Computer Interaction Ethics Didactics Pedagogy Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Human-Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-268314 (URN)
Conference
5:e utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges Ingenjörsutbildningar; 18–19 november 2015, Teknisk-naturvetenskaplig fakultet, Uppsala universitet
Projects
ETHCOMP
Available from: 2015-12-03 Created: 2015-12-03 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Kavathatzopoulos, I. & Asai, R. (2015). Judging the complexity of privacy, openness and loyalty issues. In: Mark Coeckelbergh, Bernd Stahl, and Catherine Flick; Vaibhav Garg and Dee Weikle (Ed.), Computers & Society: The Newsletter of the ACM Special Interest Group on Computers and Society Special Issue on 20 Years of ETHICOMP. Paper presented at ETHICOMP 2015 (pp. 416-419). ACM Digital Library
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Judging the complexity of privacy, openness and loyalty issues
2015 (English)In: Computers & Society: The Newsletter of the ACM Special Interest Group on Computers and Society Special Issue on 20 Years of ETHICOMP / [ed] Mark Coeckelbergh, Bernd Stahl, and Catherine Flick; Vaibhav Garg and Dee Weikle, ACM Digital Library, 2015, p. 416-419Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Privacy protection and whistle-blowing are controversial issues. Privacy has to be protected but it hinders access to correct information. Whistle-blowing is necessary for correct decision-making, neutralizing wrong beliefs and preventing crime but it may destabilize groups, institutions and societies, and cause conicts. The question investigated here was whether people judging the controversial issues of privacy and whistle-blowing take a moralistic or a philosophical approach. The hypothesis was that homogeneous responses point to a philosophical approach whereas responses correlated with cultural background point to a moralistic approach. Participants' responses to a questionnaire on Manning and Snowden cases did not produce an unambiguous picture, and this result did not lead to a decisive answer to our hypothesis question.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ACM Digital Library, 2015
Series
ACM SIGCAS Computers and Society Newsletter, ISSN 0095-2737
Keywords
Culture, decision-making, ethics, privacy, Edward Snowden, Sweden, Whistle-blowing
National Category
Human Computer Interaction Media and Communication Technology Media and Communications Political Science Sociology Psychology Ethics
Research subject
Human-Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-266789 (URN)10.1145/2874239.2874300 (DOI)
Conference
ETHICOMP 2015
Projects
ETHCOMP
Available from: 2015-11-10 Created: 2015-11-10 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Asai, R. (2015). Technology as Mask. In: : . Paper presented at Technology and Ethics: Sweden meets Japan-Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science and Uppsala University.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Technology as Mask
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
National Category
Ethics Human Computer Interaction Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-267916 (URN)
Conference
Technology and Ethics: Sweden meets Japan-Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science and Uppsala University
Projects
ETHCOMP
Available from: 2015-11-29 Created: 2015-11-29 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Asai, R. & Murata, K. (2015). The holding function of robots in highly technological society. In: Proceedings of Japan Society for Infomation and Management 70th Annual Conference: . Paper presented at Japan Society for Infomation and Management 70th Annual Conference (pp. 65-68). , 70
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The holding function of robots in highly technological society
2015 (Japanese)In: Proceedings of Japan Society for Infomation and Management 70th Annual Conference, 2015, Vol. 70, p. 65-68Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Ethics Human Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-267914 (URN)
Conference
Japan Society for Infomation and Management 70th Annual Conference
Projects
ETHCOMP
Available from: 2015-11-28 Created: 2015-11-28 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Kavathatzopoulos, I. & Asai, R. (2014). Philosophical method and the conflict liberty-security. In: Proceedings ETHICOMP 2014Li: berty and security in an age of ICTs. Paper presented at ETHICOMP 2014, Paris, France, June 25-27. Paris: UPMC - Sorbonne Universités
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Philosophical method and the conflict liberty-security
2014 (English)In: Proceedings ETHICOMP 2014Li: berty and security in an age of ICTs, Paris: UPMC - Sorbonne Universités , 2014Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

ICT both supports and controls our lives, but today it is necessary and unavoidable for our way of living. In the present paper different ways to approach security are critically examined. The main question is how we may able to handle these issues in real life and how to create suitable and working system designs and policies. We need to consider the controversial nature of security, and base our efforts on classical philosophical theory and psychological research. By that we can develop suitable skills, methods and tools to be adopted in a democratic and deliberative process in order to create, revise and apply policies, guidelines, designs, rules and principles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Paris: UPMC - Sorbonne Universités, 2014
Keywords
autonomy, liberty, methods, security, skills
National Category
Human Computer Interaction Media and Communication Technology Media and Communications Ethics Philosophy Political Science Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-231005 (URN)
Conference
ETHICOMP 2014, Paris, France, June 25-27
Projects
ETHCOMPSECURITY
Available from: 2014-09-02 Created: 2014-09-02 Last updated: 2018-01-11
Asai, R. & Kavathatzopoulos, I. (2014). Responsibility and Competence in Political Ethics. In: Proceedings International Political Science Association, 23rd World Congress of Political Science, 2014: Challenges of contemporay governance. Paper presented at International Political Science Association, 23rd World Congress of Political Science 2014. Montreal
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Responsibility and Competence in Political Ethics
2014 (English)In: Proceedings International Political Science Association, 23rd World Congress of Political Science, 2014: Challenges of contemporay governance, Montreal, 2014Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

At present, our society is globalized, chaotic, changing, and also highly affected by individualization. That is, it is more difficult for out society to reach goals or conclusions collectively as one nation or one society. Under the situation, society needs political leaders to gather individual values, interests and opinions, and to take a lead in making collective decisions in the proper manner. Political leaders are required to have ability of making decisions and acting in the best way for society. Their responsibility is high even for future generations. According to Weber there are two categories of ethics pertaining to politics and to political leaders. One is the "ethic of ultimate ends" and the other is the "ethic of responsibility". "Ethic of responsibility" of political leaders is considered as a critical element. It is perceived as a kind of ability to consider possible social options and their impact, and also to take responsibility of their consequences in the future. In this context, it is very well compatible to the idea of ethical competence. It binds together philosophy and modern empirical research on ethical decision making, opening up for interventions like training and education for political leaders. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Montreal: , 2014
Keywords
Ethics, Freedom of choice, Good, Liberty, Public/private sphere, Responsibility, Value
National Category
Ethics Political Science Sociology Philosophy Psychology
Research subject
Human-Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-238368 (URN)
Conference
International Political Science Association, 23rd World Congress of Political Science 2014
Projects
ETHCOMPCEST
Available from: 2014-12-11 Created: 2014-12-11 Last updated: 2014-12-18
Kavathatzopoulos, I., Coghill, K. & Asai, R. (2014). Supporting politicians’ skill to handle moral issues. In: Proceedings of IPSA 23rd Congress on Political Science, 2014: Challenges of contemporay governance. Paper presented at IPSA, 23rd Congress of Political Science. Montreal: The International Political Science Association
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Supporting politicians’ skill to handle moral issues
2014 (English)In: Proceedings of IPSA 23rd Congress on Political Science, 2014: Challenges of contemporay governance, Montreal: The International Political Science Association , 2014Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In politics it is necessary, for leaders as well as for political parties, to have the ability to handle all kinds of moral problems that may arise during any political activity. Failure to address moral issues properly has significant impact on a political organization’s influence on society, affecting election results, image, and public relations as well as internal processes. It may have a detrimental effect on the morality of citizens and society. Competence in handling moral problems in a satisfying way is therefore very important for any political leader and political organization. Education in ethics should equip politicians for difficult decisions, and ethical competence is therefore the most important goal of training programs. We need reliable and effective methods to stimulate and support political leaders’ ethical competence. In order to achieve ethical competence for political leaders we need to describe and assess psychological processes aimed at the handling of moral problems: How political leaders reason in front of moral problems, how they solve these problems, and how they make their decisions. Ethical skill in psychology, and in accordance to the classical philosophical position, is understood as the basis and the aim of ethical competence of leaders. Politicians’ ethical competence and confidence is defined as the use of a problem-solving and decision-making cognitive ability, independent of particular political, ideological or moral values. Based on that, we can construct valid assessment tools and training programs that support the acquisition and use of ethical competence and skills.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Montreal: The International Political Science Association, 2014
Keywords
politicians, ethics, moral, skill, competence, education, training, support
National Category
Political Science Psychology Ethics Philosophy
Research subject
Human-Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-238366 (URN)978-2-924444-01-06 (ISBN)
Conference
IPSA, 23rd Congress of Political Science
Projects
ETHCOMPCEST
Available from: 2014-12-11 Created: 2014-12-11 Last updated: 2014-12-18
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