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Gustavsson, Gina
Publications (10 of 35) Show all publications
Gustavsson, G., Van der Noll, J. & Sundberg, R. (2016). Opposing the Veil in the Name of Liberalism: Popular Attitudes to Liberalism and Muslim Veiling in the Netherlands. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 39(10), 1719-1737
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Opposing the Veil in the Name of Liberalism: Popular Attitudes to Liberalism and Muslim Veiling in the Netherlands
2016 (English)In: Ethnic and Racial Studies, ISSN 0141-9870, E-ISSN 1466-4356, Vol. 39, no 10, p. 1719-1737Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Is popular antagonism towards Muslim veils in Europe rooted in an exclusionary ‘enlightenment liberalism’? By examining different conceptions of liberalism and readings of veiling in a Dutch survey from 2014, we present the first study that investigates this question empirically. We thus bring together two hitherto largely unconnected literatures. The first is the work on immigration and ethnicity, which has shown the centrality of enlightenment liberalism in anti-Muslim media and policy discourses. The second is the literature on anti-Muslim attitudes in public opinion, which explains support for veil bans as the result of perceiving veils as threatening the respondent's own, supposedly liberal, values – but has failed to distinguish between different conceptions of liberalism and thus reached inconclusive results. This, we show, can be remedied by distinguishing between ‘enlightenment liberals’, who hold negative attitudes, and ‘reformation liberals’, who hold positive attitudes towards Muslim veils.

National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-265991 (URN)10.1080/01419870.2015.1124126 (DOI)000380368000001 ()
External cooperation:
Available from: 2015-11-04 Created: 2015-11-04 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Gustavsson, G. (2015). A Romantic Reading of the French ‘Burqa Ban’: Liberty as Self-Expression and the Symbolism of Uncovered Faces in the French Debate on Full Veils. Confluence: online journal of world philosophies, 2, 88-106
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Romantic Reading of the French ‘Burqa Ban’: Liberty as Self-Expression and the Symbolism of Uncovered Faces in the French Debate on Full Veils
2015 (English)In: Confluence: online journal of world philosophies, ISSN 2199-0360, Vol. 2, p. 88-106Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper suggests that in order to understand the recent ban in France against covering one’s face in public, we need to move beyondthe theoretical frameworks typically applied to the more researched 'headscarf ban' of 2004. Previous research tends to interpret the 'burqa ban' as yet another attempt to impose republican unity and order over what was taken to be the excessive and divisive self-expression manifested by the Muslim veil. It has recently been suggested, however,that it might be more fruitful to approach the debate through a rather different theoretical lens: the Romantic ideal of liberty as self-expression, the original target of Isaiah Berlin’s warnings that positive liberty invites tyranny under the very banner of liberation. The paper follows up on this suggestion by revisiting the report that recommended the 2010 ban on full veils to the National Assembly. More specifically, it analyzes the section of the report in which it is argued that there is something special about faces, which requires usto keep them uncovered. This reasoning, it is argued, does indeed seem to be rooted in a Romantic understanding of liberty and human dignity, and in the fear that full veils suppress rather than express each individual’s unique self. The ban on full veils must thus also be understood as an attempt, whether misguided or not, to promote the self-expression of veiled women – not curb it, as previous research has nevertheless often assumed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Freiburg: Verlag Karl Alber, 2015
Keywords
veil, Romanticism, Isaiah Berlin, republicanism, liberty, self-expression
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-240251 (URN)
Projects
The Impact of Religion
Note

ISBN: 978-3-451-10350-6

Available from: 2015-01-06 Created: 2015-01-06 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Van der Noll, J. & Gustavsson, G. (2015). Anti-religiosity and Islamophobia in the name of enlightenment values. In: The International Society for Political Psychology Annual Meeting, San Diego, July 3-6, 2015: . Paper presented at The International Society for Political Psychology Annual Meeting, San Diego, July 3-6, 2015. San Diego
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Anti-religiosity and Islamophobia in the name of enlightenment values
2015 (English)In: The International Society for Political Psychology Annual Meeting, San Diego, July 3-6, 2015, San Diego, 2015Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
San Diego: , 2015
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-255667 (URN)
Conference
The International Society for Political Psychology Annual Meeting, San Diego, July 3-6, 2015
Available from: 2015-06-17 Created: 2015-06-17 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Gustavsson, G. (2015). Liberal national identity: thinner than conservative, thicker than civic – but in terms of what?. In: ECPR Joint Sessions, Warsaw, April 2015. Workshop: The Civic Turn in European Immigrant Integration Policies: . Paper presented at ECPR Joint Sessions, Warsaw, March 30th-April 2nd 2015. Colchester: European Consortium for Political Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Liberal national identity: thinner than conservative, thicker than civic – but in terms of what?
2015 (English)In: ECPR Joint Sessions, Warsaw, April 2015. Workshop: The Civic Turn in European Immigrant Integration Policies, Colchester: European Consortium for Political Research , 2015, p. -16Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Contemporary European policies and discourses regarding immigration and citizenship seem to be increasingly oriented towards strengthening the national identity. The typologies and analytical frameworks typically used to make sense of these trends, however, are in dire need of further elaboration. The goal of this paper is to help in this endeavour. The pre-dominant analytical approach for a long time has been to separate between ‘civic’ and ’ethnic’ national identities, and to assume that the more liberal and universalistic their content, the less nationalistic they are per definition, and vice versa. A great deal of recent research has suggested we need to go beyond these dichotomies, however – both because they are theoretically too crude, and because they hamper rather than help us in understanding the trend of purportedly universal liberal values being invoked as the very basis for exclusive, particularistic national identities after all (cf. Mouritsen & Olsen 2013). The most recent solution suggested by previous research is to leave the content of national identities aside altogether, and instead focus entirely on whether the boundaries of a given national identity are constructed in a voluntaristic or a deterministic way (Kriegbaum Jensen, 2014; Laegaard, 2007; Zimmer, 2003). In contrast, while this paper agrees with the need to go beyond the civic-ethnic and liberal-nationalist dichotomies, it offers an alternative solution to the problem. Instead of discarding ideal types like civic or ethnic nationalism as analytical categories altogether, I propose they can be further nuanced, by bringing in the literature in political theory that differentiates between ‘conservative nationalism’, ‘liberal nationalism’ and ‘civic patriotism’. These ideal types, I argue, can be spelled out along five different dimensions – and a number of additional policy dimensions – that the theoretical literature has failed to specify. Doing so allows us to create an analytical tool that is likely to help future research analyze and assess contemporary national identity trends in a way that connects the discussion to normative theory, especially regarding the recent empirical cases where liberal values are presented in a nationalistic way.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Colchester: European Consortium for Political Research, 2015
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-248707 (URN)
Conference
ECPR Joint Sessions, Warsaw, March 30th-April 2nd 2015
Projects
Liberal Nationalism in the Welfare State: Bridging the Gap Between Political Theory and Political Psychology on National Identity and Economic Solidarity
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2015-04-07 Created: 2015-04-07 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Gustavsson, G. (2015). Reply to Crowder. Review of Politics, 77(2), 279-284
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reply to Crowder
2015 (English)In: Review of Politics, ISSN 0034-6705, E-ISSN 1748-6858, Vol. 77, no 2, p. 279-284Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-238245 (URN)10.1017/S0034670515000078 (DOI)
Available from: 2014-12-10 Created: 2014-12-10 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Gustavsson, G. (2014). Banning the Muslim Veil in the Name of Liberty – But Liberty of What Kind?. In: ECPR General Conference, Glasgow, September 2014: . Paper presented at ECPR General Conference, Glasgow, September 2014.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Banning the Muslim Veil in the Name of Liberty – But Liberty of What Kind?
2014 (English)In: ECPR General Conference, Glasgow, September 2014, 2014Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-248708 (URN)
Conference
ECPR General Conference, Glasgow, September 2014
Available from: 2015-04-07 Created: 2015-04-07 Last updated: 2018-01-11
Gustavsson, G. (2014). Contemporary European liberalism: Exclusionary, enlightened or romantic?. In: José M. Magone (Ed.), Routledge handbook of European politics: (pp. 75-96). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contemporary European liberalism: Exclusionary, enlightened or romantic?
2014 (English)In: Routledge handbook of European politics / [ed] José M. Magone, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2014, p. 75-96Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2014
Keywords
veils, liberalism, romantic, Enlightenment, positive liberty, negative liberty, Berlin, attitudes, immigration
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-221564 (URN)978-0-415-62675-0 (ISBN)
Projects
The Impact of Religion
Available from: 2014-04-01 Created: 2014-04-01 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Gustavsson, G. (2014). Harmful Speech and Self-Disclosure in the Case of the Danish Muhammad Cartoons: The Diverging Implications of Enlightenment Liberalism and Romantic Liberalism. In: Free Speech, Public Deliberation, and Global Affairs Conference, The Arctic University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway, June 2014: . Paper presented at Free Speech, Public Deliberation, and Global Affairs Conference, The Arctic University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway, June 2014.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Harmful Speech and Self-Disclosure in the Case of the Danish Muhammad Cartoons: The Diverging Implications of Enlightenment Liberalism and Romantic Liberalism
2014 (English)In: Free Speech, Public Deliberation, and Global Affairs Conference, The Arctic University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway, June 2014, 2014Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-248709 (URN)
Conference
Free Speech, Public Deliberation, and Global Affairs Conference, The Arctic University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway, June 2014
Available from: 2015-04-07 Created: 2015-04-07 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Gustavsson, G., Van der Noll, J. & Sundberg, R. (2014). Intolerance in the Name of Liberalism: Opposition to Muslim Headscarves in Sweden and the Netherlands. In: American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, August 30, 2014 Washington DC, USA.: . Paper presented at American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, August 30, 2014 Washington DC, USA.. Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intolerance in the Name of Liberalism: Opposition to Muslim Headscarves in Sweden and the Netherlands
2014 (English)In: American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, August 30, 2014 Washington DC, USA., Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network , 2014Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Opposition to Muslim headscarves remains high in otherwise typically tolerant countries, like Sweden and the Netherlands. One suggested explanation is a mounting concern among liberal Europeans that Muslims threaten liberal values. Yet, the nature of these threatened values remains obscure. Empirical research on anti-Muslim attitudes in general, and their relation to liberal values in particular is limited.What understanding of liberalism characterizes those who oppose Muslim veiling? By studying attitudes towards the veil in a Swedish and a Dutch sample, we test a number of hypotheses informed by political theory, and the burgeoning field of immigration studies, which have rarely been used in political psychology. We include measures of different conceptions of liberalism and value orientations and resistance to Muslim veils.Our analyses suggest that post-materialism values are too crude measures for parsing out intolerance against the Muslim veil in a liberal sample. Positive attitudes to veiling are best predicted by a Reformation Liberalism, a commitment to a diversity-oriented understanding of liberalism. Both Enlightenment Liberalism (emphasizing autonomy) and Romantic Liberalism (stressing authenticity and individuality), on the other hand, seem to induce more negative attitudes towards the headscarf, yet providing mixed results in the two studies. Possible explanations for these mixed results are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network, 2014
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-235783 (URN)
Conference
American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, August 30, 2014 Washington DC, USA.
Projects
The Impact of Religion
Available from: 2014-11-10 Created: 2014-11-10 Last updated: 2018-01-11
Gustavsson, G. (2014). Romantic Liberalism: An Alternative Perspective on Liberal Disrespect in the Muhammad Cartoons Controversy. Political Studies, 62(1), 53-69
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Romantic Liberalism: An Alternative Perspective on Liberal Disrespect in the Muhammad Cartoons Controversy
2014 (English)In: Political Studies, ISSN 0032-3217, E-ISSN 1467-9248, Vol. 62, no 1, p. 53-69Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is increasing scholarly concern that liberalism comes into conflict with religious diversity. William Galston blames this tendency on ‘enlightenment liberalism’, which places autonomous self-reflection at the heart of the liberal project. This paper, however, proposes a culprit that is more prone to both disrespect and fundamentalism: romantic liberalism, which idealises authentic self-expression. I develop this concept by re-visiting the Danish cartoon controversy, allegedly a case of enlightenment liberalism. This reveals that Flemming Rose, the editor who commissioned the cartoons, invokes romantic rather than enlightened values in defense of the publication. In contrast to previous research, I show that Rose does not portray the disrespectfulness of the cartoons as a side effect of trying to promote autonomy among Muslims. Rather, he argues in favor of artistic provocation as such, and invokes a distinctly romantic understanding of freedom of speech, which in many ways runs counter to the ideal of autonomy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2014
Keywords
Romanticism, authenticity, autonomy, Galston, freedom of speech, enlightenment liberalism, diversity, tolerance, positive liberty, self-expression
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-159137 (URN)10.1111/1467-9248.12022 (DOI)000331387300004 ()
Projects
The Impact of Religion
Available from: 2011-09-22 Created: 2011-09-21 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved
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