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Kelhoffer, James Anthony, Professor i Nya testamentets exegetik
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 69) Show all publications
Kelhoffer, J. A. (2019). Second Clement (1ed.). In: Jens Schröter and Christine Jacobi (Ed.), The Reception of Jesus in the First Three Centuries: Volume 2: From Thomas to Tertullian : Christian literary receptions of Jesus in the second and third centuries CE (pp. 513-530). London: Bloomsbury Academic
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Second Clement
2019 (English)In: The Reception of Jesus in the First Three Centuries: Volume 2: From Thomas to Tertullian : Christian literary receptions of Jesus in the second and third centuries CE / [ed] Jens Schröter and Christine Jacobi, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2019, 1, p. 513-530Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Second Clement is a noteworthy early witness to the reception and creative interpretation of Jesus’s sayings, as compared with sayings preserved in the Gospels of Matthew, Luke, and Thomas. An unusual feature of its Christology is that, aside from “saving” believers, Christ is not said to play any role in their lives prior to the final judgment – for example, in guiding or protecting them.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2019 Edition: 1
Keywords
Second Clement, Christology, Gospels, Sayings of Jesus
National Category
Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Research subject
New Testament Exegesis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-401768 (URN)9780567000194 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-01-08 Created: 2020-01-08 Last updated: 2020-05-18Bibliographically approved
Kelhoffer, J. A. (2018). Eschatology, Androgynous Thinking, Encratism, and the Question of Anti-Gnosticism in 2 Clement 12 (Part One). Vigiliae christianae (Print), 72(2), 142-164
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Eschatology, Androgynous Thinking, Encratism, and the Question of Anti-Gnosticism in 2 Clement 12 (Part One)
2018 (English)In: Vigiliae christianae (Print), ISSN 0042-6032, E-ISSN 1570-0720, Vol. 72, no 2, p. 142-164Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article problematizes the widespread use of an untenably broad definition of Gnosticism to support claims that 2 Clement 12 is antignostic. Several conclusions about the writing’s aims and opponents must therefore be reconsidered. It is argued that 2 Clement 12 is not polemical and does not censure any distinctively gnostic views or praxes. By shedding both the supposedly gnostic background of the dominical logion about “the two” becoming “one,” about the “outside” being like the “inside,” and about “neither male nor female” (12:2b, 6b) and an antignostic agenda for the interpretations of the logion (12:3-5), scholarship has a better chance of opening up promising avenues for interpreting this saying of Jesus and its interpretation in 2 Clement 12.

Keywords
2 Clement, androgyny, encratism, eschatology, gender, Gnosticism, Gospel of the Egyptians, Gospel of Thomas
National Category
Religious Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-351074 (URN)10.1163/15700720-12341334 (DOI)000427418700002 ()
Available from: 2018-05-18 Created: 2018-05-18 Last updated: 2019-05-21Bibliographically approved
Kelhoffer, J. A. (2018). Eschatology, Androgynous Thinking, Encratism, and the Question of Anti-Gnosticism in 2 Clement 12 (Part Two). Vigiliae christianae (Print), 72(4), 353-368
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Eschatology, Androgynous Thinking, Encratism, and the Question of Anti-Gnosticism in 2 Clement 12 (Part Two)
2018 (English)In: Vigiliae christianae (Print), ISSN 0042-6032, E-ISSN 1570-0720, Vol. 72, no 4, p. 353-368Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Part One of this investigation problematized the use by numerous scholars of an untenably broad definition of "Gnosticism" to support the inference that 2 Clement 12 criticizes gnostic Christ-believers. Part Two completes the analysis of 2 Clement 12 and examines 2 Clement 13, which casts further doubt upon the notion that 12: 5-6 calls for sexual renunciation. It is argued that 12: 1-13: 4 is not polemical and does not censure any distinctively gnostic views or praxes. By shedding both the supposedly gnostic background of the dominical logion about "the two" becoming "one," about the "outside" being like the "inside,"and about "neither male nor female" (12: 2b, 6b) and an antignostic agenda for the interpretations of the logion (12: 3-5), scholarship has a better chance of opening up promising avenues for interpreting 12: 1-13: 4. In particular, the call to cultivate thinking that does not take into account a Christian's gender (12: 5) and the notion that the kingdom's arrival depends on believers' moral development (12: 6) merit further investigation.

Keywords
2 Clement, androgyny, encratism, eschatology, gender, Gnosticism, Gospel of the Egyptians, Gospel of Thomas, Gospel of Truth
National Category
Religious Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-366001 (URN)10.1163/15700720-12341335 (DOI)000444799400001 ()
Available from: 2018-11-20 Created: 2018-11-20 Last updated: 2019-05-21Bibliographically approved
Kelhoffer, J. A. (2018). How Did Second Clement Originally End?: A Study of 2 Clement 19–20 and the Imitation of Both First and Second Clement. Early Christianity, 9(4), 432-483
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How Did Second Clement Originally End?: A Study of 2 Clement 19–20 and the Imitation of Both First and Second Clement
2018 (English)In: Early Christianity, ISSN 1868-7032, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 432-483Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A philological analysis of 2 Clem. 19:1–20:5 in comparison with the style and theology of 2 Clem. 1–18 reveals in 19:1–20:5 significant differences that most likely point to a later author. The most noteworthy divergences concern soteriology and eschatology. In particular, 2 Clem. 19–20 seems to correct a central teaching in 2 Clem. 1–18 about the necessity that believers engage in a reciprocal relationship with God and thereby expect from God remuneration and, ultimately, the consummation of their salvation. Consequently, an acceptance of 19:1–20:5 as authentic would significantly alter Second Clement’s overall message and theology. Despite those differences, there are also many similarities between 2 Clem. 19–20, on the one hand, and both First Clement and Second Clement, on the other hand. Those similarities suggest that the compositional strategy underlying 19:1–20:5 entails the imitation of both Clementine writings in order to make the secondary addition appear authentic. 2 Clem. 19–20 is therefore significant for its reception of both First and Second Clement and for its correction of some rather distinctive theological positions in 2 Clem. 1–18. As a correction of 2 Clem. 1–18, the addition of 19:1–20:5 may also have contributed to Second Clement’s preservation as an encore to First Clement.

Abstract [de]

Eine sprachliche Analyse der stilistischen und theologischen Eigenheiten von 2 Clem 19,1–20,5 im Vergleich zu 2 Clem 1–18 macht einige Unterschiede deutlich, die für die letzten beiden Kapitel sehr wahrscheinlich auf einen späteren Autor verweisen. Die auffälligsten Abweichungen bestehen im Blick auf die Soteriologie und Eschatologie. Die beiden Schlusskapitel scheinen insbesondere die zentrale Lehre aus 2 Clem 1–18 zu korrigieren, nach der für die Gläubigen die Notwendigkeit besteht, sich um ein wechselseitiges Verhältnis zu Gott zu bemühen, für das sie von Gott Belohnung und schließlich die Vollendung ihrer Rettung erwarten dürfen. Betrachtet man 2 Clem 19,1–20,5 als authentisch, würde dies die Gesamtbotschaft und Theologie des Zweiten Clemensbriefes substantiell verändern. Trotz der Unterschiede bestehen allerdings auch viele Gemeinsamkeiten zwischen 2 Clem 19–20 auf der einen Seite und dem Ersten und Zweiten Clemensbrief auf der anderen Seite. Diese Überein- stimmungen legen nahe, dass die hinter 2 Clem 19,1–20,5 liegende Kompositions- absicht die Nachahmung beider Clemensbriefe einschließt, um die nachträgliche Ergänzung der beiden Schlusskapitel authentisch erscheinen zu lassen. Besonders interessant ist deswegen die Art, in der 2 Clem 19–20 den Ersten und Zweiten Cle- mensbrief rezipiert und einige charakteristische theologische Positionen aus 2 Clem 1–18 abwandelt. Als Korrektur von 2 Clem 1–18 mag die Ergänzung in 2 Clem 19,1– 20,5 auch zur Erhaltung des Zweiten Clemensbriefes als Zugabe zum Ersten Cle- mensbrief beigetragen haben. 

Keywords
2 Clement 19:1–20:5, eschatology, First Clement, forgery, imitation, reception history, reciprocity, Second Clement, soteriology
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
New Testament Exegesis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-375424 (URN)10.1628/ec-2018-0031 (DOI)000493840600004 ()
Note

The December 2018 issue of the journal was published in February 2019.

Available from: 2019-01-29 Created: 2019-01-29 Last updated: 2019-12-03Bibliographically approved
Kelhoffer, J. A. (2018). The Ecclesiology of 2 Clement 14: Ephesians, Pauline Reception, and the Church’s Preexistence. In: Edited by Simon Butticaz, Andreas Dettwiler, and Jens Schröter, in cooperation with Clarissa Paul (Ed.), Receptions of Paul in Early Christianity: The Person of Paul and His Writings through the Eyes of His Early Interpreters (pp. 377-409). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Ecclesiology of 2 Clement 14: Ephesians, Pauline Reception, and the Church’s Preexistence
2018 (English)In: Receptions of Paul in Early Christianity: The Person of Paul and His Writings through the Eyes of His Early Interpreters / [ed] Edited by Simon Butticaz, Andreas Dettwiler, and Jens Schröter, in cooperation with Clarissa Paul, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2018, p. 377-409Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Numerous reasons suggest that the Letter of Ephesians influenced the claim of 2 Clement 14 that the “church” was present with Christ before the creation of the world. The latter writing may, in turn, have been not only borrowing from Ephesians but also correcting its soteriology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2018
Series
Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft, ISSN 0171-6441 ; 234
Keywords
Apostle Paul, Ephesians, Ecclesiology, Second Clement, Reception history
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Research subject
New Testament Exegesis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-404165 (URN)10.1515/9783110533781-015 (DOI)978-3-11-053378-1 (ISBN)978-3-11-053378-1 (ISBN)
Note

The book appeared in 2019, not in 2018 as had been planned.

Available from: 2020-02-14 Created: 2020-02-14 Last updated: 2020-03-24Bibliographically approved
Kelhoffer, J. A. (2017). A Diverse Academy Recognizes No Boundaries for Critical Inquiry and Debate: A Rejoinder to Anders Gerdmar. Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok, 82, 210-222
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Diverse Academy Recognizes No Boundaries for Critical Inquiry and Debate: A Rejoinder to Anders Gerdmar
2017 (English)In: Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok, ISSN 1100-2298, Vol. 82, p. 210-222Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Svenska exegetiska sällskapet, 2017
Keywords
Roman Catholicism, Pentecostalism, biblical authority, Anders Gerdmar (1954–), Ulf Ekman (1950–)
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
New Testament Exegesis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-339205 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-17 Created: 2018-01-17 Last updated: 2020-05-13Bibliographically approved
Kelhoffer, J. A. (2017). Second Clement and Gnosticism: The status quaestionis. EARLY CHRISTIANITY, 8(1), 124-149
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Second Clement and Gnosticism: The status quaestionis
2017 (English)In: EARLY CHRISTIANITY, ISSN 1868-7032, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 124-149Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MOHR SIEBECK, 2017
National Category
Religious Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-322306 (URN)10.1628/186870317X14876711440240 (DOI)000399684100009 ()
Available from: 2017-05-19 Created: 2017-05-19 Last updated: 2017-05-19Bibliographically approved
Kelhoffer, J. A. (2017). Simplistic Presentations of Biblical Authority and Christian Origins in the Service of Anti-Catholic Dogma: A Response to Anders Gerdmar. Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok, 82, 154-178
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Simplistic Presentations of Biblical Authority and Christian Origins in the Service of Anti-Catholic Dogma: A Response to Anders Gerdmar
2017 (English)In: Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok, ISSN 1100-2298, Vol. 82, p. 154-178Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This review article assesses Anders Gerdmar, Guds ord räcker: evangelisk tro kontra romersk-katolsk [God’s Word is sufficient: Evangelical faith against Roman Catholic (faith)] (Uppsala: Areopagos, 2016) and focuses on the use of arguments ostensibly based on biblical scholarship urging that Protestant evangelicals not convert to Roman Catholicism. The main issues concern the Bible in relation to tradition; alleged witnesses to an early New Testament canon; the “Protestant historiographic myth” of origins as a rhetorical weapon; and essentialist characterizations of what is biblical, evangelical, and Catholic. Much of what James Barr said to primarily British and North American audiences in Fundamentalism (1977) and Beyond Fundamentalism (1984) would seem to be forebodingly relevant even nowadays in some parts of Sweden. 

Keywords
Roman Catholicism, Pentecostalism, biblical authority, Anders Gerdmar (1954–), Ulf Ekman (1950–)
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
New Testament Exegesis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-336711 (URN)
Available from: 2017-12-15 Created: 2017-12-15 Last updated: 2018-01-18Bibliographically approved
Kelhoffer, J. A. (2017). Wilhelm Pratscher, Der zweite Clemensbrief; Christopher Tuckett, 2 Clement: Introduction, Text, and Commentary [Review]. Early Christianity, 8(1), 124-149
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Wilhelm Pratscher, Der zweite Clemensbrief; Christopher Tuckett, 2 Clement: Introduction, Text, and Commentary
2017 (English)In: Early Christianity, ISSN 1868-7032, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 124-149Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Mohr Siebeck, 2017
National Category
Religious Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-377546 (URN)10.1628/186870317X14876711440240 (DOI)000399684100008 ()
Available from: 2019-02-21 Created: 2019-02-21 Last updated: 2019-02-21Bibliographically approved
Ålöw, T., Franke, L., Ljungberg, B. K., Löfstedt, T., Willgren, D., Nylund, J. H., . . . Green, S. (2016). Recensioner [Review]. Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok, 81, 217-284
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Recensioner
Show others...
2016 (Swedish)In: Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok, ISSN 1100-2298, Vol. 81, p. 217-284Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Book reviews:

Herbert W. Basser with Marsha B. Cohen

The Gospel of Matthew and Judaic Traditions: A Relevance-based Commentary

(Tobias Ålöw)

Alicia J. Batten och John S. Kloppenborg (red.)

James, 1 & 2 Peter, and Early Jesus Traditions

(Leonhard Franke)

Bible Works 10 

(Bo Krister Ljungberg)

Derek R. Brown

The God of This Age: Satan in the Churches and Letters of the Apostle Paul

(Torsten Löfstedt)

William P. Brown (ed.)

The Oxford Handbook of the Psalms 

(David Willgren)

Constantine R. Campbell

Advances in the Study of Greek: New Insights for Reading the New Testament 

(Jan H. Nylund)

Nancy L. deClaissé-Walford (ed.) 

The Shape and Shaping of the Book of Psalms: The Current State of Scholarship

(David Willgren)

Nancy L. deClaissé-Walford, Rolf A. Jacobson and Beth Laneel Tanner 

The Book of Psalms

(David Willgren)

Thomas B. Dozeman, Konrad Schmid och Baruch J. Schwartz (red.) 

The Pentateuch: International Perspectives on Current Research

(Stig Norin)

Ole Jakob Filtvedt

The Identity of God’s People and the Paradox of Hebrews

(Mikael Tellbe)

David Hellholm, Tor Vegge, Øyvind Norderval and Christer Hellholm (eds.)

Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity

(James A. Kelhoffer)

Wesley Hill 

Paul and the Trinity: Persons, Relations, and the Pauline Letters

(Mikael Tellbe)

Douglas S. Huffman

Verbal Aspect Theory and the Prohibitions in the Greek New Testament

(Jan H. Nylund)

Thomas Kazen

Scripture, Interpretation, or Authority? Motives and Arguments in Jesus’ Halakic Conflicts

(Cecilia Wassén)

Judith M. Lieu

Marcion and the Making of a Heretic: God and Scripture in the Second Century

(James A. Kelhoffer)

L. Michael Morales (ed.)

Cult and Cosmos: Tilting Toward a Temple-Centered Theology

(Stefan Green)

Mark D. Nanos och Magnus Zetterholm (red.)

Paul within Judaism: Restoring the First-Century Context to the Apostle

(Martin Landgren)

Carol A. Newsom och Brennan W. Breed

Daniel: A Commentary

(LarsOlov Eriksson)

Maren Niehoff (red.)

Homer and the Bible in the Eyes of Ancient Interpreters

(Blazenka Scheuer)

Kurt L. Noll

Canaan and Israel in Antiquity: A Textbook on History and Religion

(Richard Pleijel)

Ken Parry (ed.) 

The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Patristics

(Carl Johan Berglund)

Ralf Rothenbusch

“... abgesondert zur Tora Gottes hin”: Ethnisch-religiöse Identitäten im Esra/Nehemiabuch

(Lena-Sofia Tiemeyer)

Michael L. Satlow

How the Bible Became Holy

(Martin Wessbrandt)

Birke Siggelkow-Berner

Die jüdischen Feste im Bellum Judaicum des Flavius Josephus

(Birger Olsson)

Lena-Sofia Tiemeyer och Hans M. Barstad (red.)

Continuity and Discontinuity: Chronological and Thematic Development in Isaiah 40–66

(Stefan Green)

W. Dennis Tucker Jr.

Constructing and Deconstructing Power in Psalms 107–150

(David Willgren)

Helmut Utzschneider och Wolfgang Oswald

Exodus 1–15

(LarsOlov Eriksson)

Urban C. Von Wahlde

The Gospel and Letters of John, vol. 1:Introduction, Analysis, and Reference 

The Gospel and Letters of John, vol. 2: Commentary on the Gospel of John

The Gospel and Letters of John, vol. 3: Commentary on the Three Johannine Letters

(Birger Olsson)

Benjamin L. White

Remembering Paul: Ancient and Modern Contests over the Image of the Apostle

(Martin Wessbrandt)

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Svenska exegetiska sällskapet, 2016
National Category
Religious Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-313820 (URN)
Available from: 2017-01-24 Created: 2017-01-24 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
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