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Einarsson, Niels
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 29) Show all publications
Einarsson, N. (2011). Culture, Conflict and Crises in the Icelandic Fisheries: An Anthropological Study of People, Policy and Marine Resources in the North Atlantic Arctic. (Doctoral dissertation). Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Culture, Conflict and Crises in the Icelandic Fisheries: An Anthropological Study of People, Policy and Marine Resources in the North Atlantic Arctic
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is offered as a contribution to studies of social and cultural change in the Icelandic fisheries and fishing communities. Such changes may be seen as a result of the interplay of internal dynamics with both national and global forces and processes, not least with regard to the impacts of fisheries governance. These changes occur also in an international context of new environmental ideologies and perceptions of marine mammals, with consequences for social dynamics of local resource-use. Here it is argued that the conflicts over the harvesting or conservation of cetaceans can productively be understood from a cultural perspective. The thesis discusses the elevation of whales as symbols of particular value, and the metaphorical and cognitive aspects of, in particular, anthropomorphism, the projection of human motives and values onto animal behaviour, as a significant and effective part of conservation rhetoric and ideology.

Specifically, the thesis deals with issues concerning whaling and whale watching along with issues and debates concerning these alternative forms of exploiting marine mammals. It also discusses central questions regarding fisheries governance and rights to fishing with reference to social and economic viability in Icelandic fishing communities. The unifying themes of this thesis are: how marine-mammal issues and controversies and social impacts of fisheries governance form part of globalization processes; how environmental and economic paradigms influence change, particularly in terms of marine-mammal conservation campaigns and market liberalist resource policy; and how these external ideological forces call for responses at local and national levels. The adaptive actions of the human agents and communities involved are described as creative, cumulative and complex. The thesis also highlights the central transformative role of the new regime of private property rights introduced into Icelandic fisheries governance in the 1980s.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2011. p. 152
Series
Uppsala Studies in Cultural Anthropology, ISSN 0348-5099 ; 48
Keywords
environmental perceptions, fisheries governance, fishing culture, common property resources, economic crisis, human and animal rights, Iceland, marine-mammal conservation, privatization, whale watching
National Category
Ethnology
Research subject
Cultural Anthropology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-146520 (URN)978-91-554-8014-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-04-08, Geijersalen, Engelska parken, Thunbergsv. 3H, Uppsala, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-03-17 Created: 2011-02-17 Last updated: 2015-02-03
Einarsson, N. (2011). Fisheries Governance and Social Discourse in Post-Crisis Iceland: Responses to the UN Human Rights Committee’s Views in Case 1306/2004. The Yearbook of Polar Law, 3
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fisheries Governance and Social Discourse in Post-Crisis Iceland: Responses to the UN Human Rights Committee’s Views in Case 1306/2004
2011 (English)In: The Yearbook of Polar Law, ISSN 1876-8814, E-ISSN 2211-6427, Vol. 3Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper deals with the social discourse on resource rights, fisheries policy and human rights in Iceland, especially in light of the 2007 United Nations Human Rights Committee view that the Icelandic fisheries management system is in violation of basic principles of human rights. The Committee’s ruling is discussed, together with the impacts on, and implications for, Icelandic fisheries policy and the discourse on resource rights and social justice it has evoked in Iceland. In this context, the relationship between fisheries management and the privatization of a former common property resource is discussed, in particular in the light of the 2008 economic and social meltdown in Iceland.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leiden-Boston: Brill, 2011
Keywords
fisheries governance, Iceland, human rights, social discourse
National Category
Ethnology
Research subject
Cultural Anthropology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-146238 (URN)
Available from: 2011-02-15 Created: 2011-02-15 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
Einarsson, N. (2010). Fiskveiðimenning, sjávarbyggðir og samtíminn. In: Embla Eir Oddsdóttir and Sigurbjörg Árnadóttir (Ed.), The wealth of sea and coast. Paper presented at The wealth of sea and coast-Fishernet conference in Akureyri, Iceland, May 7th 2010.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fiskveiðimenning, sjávarbyggðir og samtíminn
2010 (Icelandic)In: The wealth of sea and coast / [ed] Embla Eir Oddsdóttir and Sigurbjörg Árnadóttir, 2010Conference paper, Published paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Keywords
Iceland, fishing culture, fisheries governance
National Category
Ethnology Ethnology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-146441 (URN)
Conference
The wealth of sea and coast-Fishernet conference in Akureyri, Iceland, May 7th 2010
Note
Engelsk titel:Fishing culture, coastal communities and present timesAvailable from: 2011-02-16 Created: 2011-02-16 Last updated: 2011-04-04Bibliographically approved
Einarsson, N. (2009). From good to eat to good to watch: whale watching adaptation and change in Icelandic fishing communities. Polar Research, 28(1), 129-138
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From good to eat to good to watch: whale watching adaptation and change in Icelandic fishing communities
2009 (English)In: Polar Research, ISSN 0800-0395, E-ISSN 1751-8369, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 129-138Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Arctic and North Atlantic fishing communities may seem unlikely candidates for a viable whale-watching industry, because of the prevalent traditional consumptive attitudes toward marine mammals and their uses. The topic of this paper is the introduction of an internationally growing industry of whale watching in a fishing village in north-east Iceland, and how local inhabitants reconcile opposing views on whales, whaling and the new cetacean tourism. The paper also discusses the conflict between fishermen and marine mammals, and how it is managed in an area where fishing is still a mainstay of the economy, and where marine mammals are seen by many as competitors for scarce resources, and even as pests. This anthropological case study is used to address wider issues of adaptation, community viability and resilience in small resource-dependent coastal settlements, coping with rapid social and ecological change.

Keywords
Arctic anthropology human-environmental relations fishing Iceland whale watching
National Category
Ethnology
Research subject
Cultural Anthropology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-142900 (URN)
Available from: 2011-01-17 Created: 2011-01-17 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
Einarsson, N., Nymand Larsen, J., Nilsson, A. & Young, O. R. (Eds.). (2007). Arktisen alueen inhimillisen kehityksen ratortti (Finnish editioned.). Helsinki: Ministry of the Environment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Arktisen alueen inhimillisen kehityksen ratortti
2007 (Finnish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Helsinki: Ministry of the Environment, 2007. p. 238 Edition: Finnish edition
Keywords
human development, Arctic
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-146320 (URN)
Available from: 2011-02-16 Created: 2011-02-16 Last updated: 2011-06-21Bibliographically approved
Einarsson, N., Nymand Larsen, J., Nilsson, A. & Young, O. R. (Eds.). (2007). ДОКЛАД О РАЗВИТИИ ЧЕЛОВЕКА В АРКТИКЕ. Akureyri: Stefansson Arctic Institute
Open this publication in new window or tab >>ДОКЛАД О РАЗВИТИИ ЧЕЛОВЕКА В АРКТИКЕ
2007 (Russian)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Akureyri: Stefansson Arctic Institute, 2007
Keywords
human development, Arctic
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-146319 (URN)
Available from: 2011-02-16 Created: 2011-02-16 Last updated: 2011-03-30Bibliographically approved
Einarsson, N. (2006). Comment to Crate, S.A. Gone the Bull of Winter: Grappling with the Cultural Implications of and Anthropology's Role(s) in Global Climate Change. Current Anthropology, 49(4), 585-586
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comment to Crate, S.A. Gone the Bull of Winter: Grappling with the Cultural Implications of and Anthropology's Role(s) in Global Climate Change
2006 (English)In: Current Anthropology, ISSN 0011-3204, E-ISSN 1537-5382, Vol. 49, no 4, p. 585-586Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keywords
climate change, adaptation, Siberia, Arctic
National Category
Social Anthropology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-146399 (URN)
Available from: 2011-02-16 Created: 2011-02-16 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
Einarsson, N. & Young, O. R. (2004). A human development agenda for the Arctic: Major findings and emerging issues. In: Niels Einarsson et al (Ed.), Arctic Human Development Report (pp. 229-242). Akureyri: Stefansson Arctic Institute
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A human development agenda for the Arctic: Major findings and emerging issues
2004 (English)In: Arctic Human Development Report / [ed] Niels Einarsson et al, Akureyri: Stefansson Arctic Institute , 2004, p. 229-242Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Akureyri: Stefansson Arctic Institute, 2004
Keywords
human development, Arctic
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-146339 (URN)9979-834-45-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2011-02-16 Created: 2011-02-16 Last updated: 2011-03-29Bibliographically approved
Einarsson, N., Nymand Larsen, J., Nilsson, A. & Young, O. R. (Eds.). (2004). Arctic Human Development Report. Akureyri: Stefansson Arctic institute
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Arctic Human Development Report
2004 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Arctic Human Development Report is the first comprehensive assessment of human well-being covering the entire Arctic region.

Mandated under the Arctic Council’s 2002 Ministerial Declaration as a “priority project” designed to provide a “comprehensive knowledge base” for the work of the Council’s Sustainable Development Programme, the AHDR was a centerpiece of the Icelandic Chairmanship of the Arctic Council during 2002-2004.

The report contains 11 substantive chapters, an introduction, a conclusion and a Summary of Major Findings. Based on contributions from some 90 scientists located in all the members of the Arctic Council and coordinated by a secretariat based at the Stefansson Arctic Institute in Akureyri, Iceland, the report offers a wide-ranging scientific assessment of achievements and challenges relating to human development in the Arctic.   

According to the AHDR,  “Arctic societies have a well-deserved reputation for resilience in the face of change. But today they are facing an unprecedented combination of rapid and stressful changes” involving both environmental forces like climate change and socioeconomic pressures associated with globalization

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Akureyri: Stefansson Arctic institute, 2004. p. 242
Keywords
human development, Arctic
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-146316 (URN)9979-834-45-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2011-02-16 Created: 2011-02-16 Last updated: 2011-04-04Bibliographically approved
Einarsson, N. & Young, O. R. (2004). Introduction: Human development in the Arctic. In: Niels Einarsson et al (Ed.), Arctic Human Development Report (pp. 15-41). Akureyri: Stefansson Arctic Institute
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction: Human development in the Arctic
2004 (English)In: Arctic Human Development Report / [ed] Niels Einarsson et al, Akureyri: Stefansson Arctic Institute , 2004, p. 15-41Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Akureyri: Stefansson Arctic Institute, 2004
Keywords
human development, Arctic
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-146333 (URN)9979-834-45-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2011-02-16 Created: 2011-02-16 Last updated: 2011-04-01Bibliographically approved
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