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Alipour, Akbar
Publications (5 of 5) Show all publications
Emdad, R., Alipour, A., Hagberg, J. & Jensen, I. B. (2013). The impact of bystanding to workplace bullying on symptoms of depression among women and men in industry in Sweden: an empirical and theoretical longitudinal study. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 86(6), 709-716
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of bystanding to workplace bullying on symptoms of depression among women and men in industry in Sweden: an empirical and theoretical longitudinal study
2013 (English)In: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, ISSN 0340-0131, E-ISSN 1432-1246, Vol. 86, no 6, p. 709-716Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND:

Prospective studies on bystanding to workplace bullying and the health outcomes are scarce.

AIM:

To investigate the work environmental risk factors of depressive symptoms among bystanders to bullying in both women and men in four large industrial organizations in Sweden.

METHOD:

The number of respondents at four large industrial enterprises with more than one year at the workplace at T1: n = 2,563 (Women: n = 342; Men: n = 2,227). Bystanders to bullying at T1: n = 305 (Women: n = 30; Men: n = 275). The total number of those with symptoms of depression at T2: Women: n = 30; Men: n = 161. Two thousand one hundred and seventy-seven employees answered the questionnaire on T1 and T2 with an 18-month interval. "To have depressive symptoms" was defined as not having depressive symptoms at T1 but having depressive symptoms at T2.

RESULTS:

The number of men who were bystanders to bullying was larger compared to women. However, the proportion of women who were bystanders to bullying and developed depressive symptoms 18 months later was higher in comparison with men (33.3 and 16.4 %, respectively). Further, "Being a bystander to bullying" 1.69 (1.13-2.53), "Rumors of changes in the workplace" 1.53 (1.10-2.14), "Reduced role clarity" 2.30 (1.21-4.32), "Lack of appreciation of being in the group" 1.76 (1.22-2.53) increased the risk of future symptoms of depression. "Job Strain" was not an adjusted risk factor for depression.

CONCLUSION:

Our results support previous findings that bystanding to workplace bullying is related to future depressive symptoms.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-190075 (URN)10.1007/s00420-012-0813-1 (DOI)000322261300011 ()22940902 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2013-01-07 Created: 2013-01-07 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Ghaffari, M., Alipour, A., Farshad, A. A., Jensen, I., Josephson, M. & Vingård, E. (2008). Effect of psychosocial factors on low back pain in industrial workers. Occupational Medicine, 58(5), 341-347
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effect of psychosocial factors on low back pain in industrial workers
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2008 (English)In: Occupational Medicine, ISSN 0962-7480, E-ISSN 1471-8405, Vol. 58, no 5, p. 341-347Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim To test the hypothesis that workplace psychosocial factors such as demand, control, support, job satisfaction and job appreciation can predict the future onset of disabling low back pain (LBP). Methods The present study involved a prospective cohort of 4500 Iranian industrial workers. Data were gathered by means of a self-reported questionnaire about LBP, as well as working life exposure, lifestyle factors, social exposures, co-morbidity, life events and psychosomatic complaints in 2004. All new episodes of disabling LBP resulting in medically certified sick leave during the 1-year follow-up registered by occupational health clinic inside the factory. Results The participation rate was good (85%). A total of 744 subjects reported current LBP (point prevalence cases). A total of 52 (< , 2%) new episodes of disabling LBP were observed during the 1-year follow-up (incident cases). Male employees reported higher demands, lower control and lower support than female employees. Employees with high demands, low control, job strain, low job satisfaction and low job appreciation showed increased odds ratios, and these results were statistically significant. Conclusions Few prospective studies in this field have been published, but all of them are related to industrialized countries. This prospective study suggests the aetiological role of job strain for LBP. The findings of this study indicate a substantial potential for disease prevention and health promotion at the workplace.

Keyword
industrial workers, low back pain, psychosocial factors
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-17067 (URN)10.1093/occmed/kqn006 (DOI)000258143500007 ()18296687 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2008-06-16 Created: 2008-06-16 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
Alipour, A., Ghaffari, M., Jensen, I., Shariati, B. & Vingård, E. (2007). Reliability and validity study of Persian modified version of MUSIC (musculoskeletal intervention center) - Norrtalje questionnaire. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 8, 88
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reliability and validity study of Persian modified version of MUSIC (musculoskeletal intervention center) - Norrtalje questionnaire
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2007 (English)In: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, ISSN 1471-2474, E-ISSN 1471-2474, Vol. 8, p. 88-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a major health problem in the world. Self-reported questionnaires are a known method for estimating the prevalence of MSDs among the population. One of the studies concerning MSDs and their relation to work-related physical and psychosocial factors, as well as non-work-related factors, is the MUSIC-Norrtalje study in Sweden. In this study, the research group developed a questionnaire, which has been validated during its development process and is now considered a well-known instrument. The aim of this study is to validate the Persian version of this questionnaire.

Methods

The first step was to establish two expert panel groups in Iran and Sweden. The Focus Group Discussion (FGD) method was used to detect questionnaire face and content validity. To detect questionnaire reliability, we used the test-retest method.

Results

Except for two items, all other questions that respondents had problems with in the focus group (20 of 297), had unclear translations; the ambiguity was related to the stem of the questions and the predicted answers were clear for the participants. The concepts of 'household/spare time' and 'physical activity in the workplace' were not understood by the participants of FGD; this has been solved by adding further descriptions to these phrases in the translation. In the test-retest study, the reliability coefficient was relatively high in most items (only 5 items out of 297 had an ICC or kappa below 0.7).

Conclusion

The findings from the present study provide evidence that the Persian version of the MUSIC questionnaire is a reliable and valid instrument.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-14845 (URN)10.1186/1471-2474-8-88 (DOI)000251168100001 ()17764557 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2008-01-31 Created: 2008-01-31 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
Ghaffari, M., Alipour, A., Farshad, A. A., Yensen, I. & Vingard, E. (2006). Incidence and recurrence of disabling low back pain and neck-shoulder pain.. Spine: Incidence and recurrence of disabling low back pain and neck-shoulder pain., 31(21), 2500-6
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Incidence and recurrence of disabling low back pain and neck-shoulder pain.
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2006 (English)In: Spine: Incidence and recurrence of disabling low back pain and neck-shoulder pain., ISSN 1528-1159, Vol. 31, no 21, p. 2500-6Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keyword
Adult, Cohort Studies, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Incidence, Industry, Iran, Longitudinal Studies, Low Back Pain/*epidemiology/prevention & control, Male, Middle Aged, Neck Pain/*epidemiology/prevention & control, Occupational Diseases/epidemiology/prevention & control, Prospective Studies, Recurrence/prevention & control, Sex Factors, Shoulder Pain/*epidemiology/prevention & control
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-25992 (URN)17023861 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2007-02-14 Created: 2007-02-14 Last updated: 2011-01-11
Ghaffari, M., Alipour, A., Jensen, I., Farshad, A. A. & Vingard, E. (2006). Low back pain among Iranian industrial workers.. Occup Med (Lond): Low back pain among Iranian industrial workers., 56(7), 455-60
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Low back pain among Iranian industrial workers.
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2006 (English)In: Occup Med (Lond): Low back pain among Iranian industrial workers., ISSN 0962-7480, Vol. 56, no 7, p. 455-60Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-25998 (URN)16837536 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2007-02-14 Created: 2007-02-14 Last updated: 2011-01-11
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