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Apel, Jan
Publications (10 of 11) Show all publications
Apel, J. (2011). Kommentar till Petter Snekkestad, Darwinistisk arkeologi. Primitive tider, 13, 177-180
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kommentar till Petter Snekkestad, Darwinistisk arkeologi
2011 (Swedish)In: Primitive tider, ISSN 1501-0430, Vol. 13, p. 177-180Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Primitive tider, 2011
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hgo:diva-1239 (URN)
Available from: 2011-12-13 Created: 2011-12-13 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
Martinsson-Wallin, H., Wallin, P. & Apel, J. (2011). Prehistoric lifestyles on Gotland: Diachronic and Synchronic perspectives. Archaeologia Lituana, 12, 142-153
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Prehistoric lifestyles on Gotland: Diachronic and Synchronic perspectives
2011 (English)In: Archaeologia Lituana, ISSN 1392-6748, Vol. 12, p. 142-153Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Österholm (1989) suggested that it was the same population group who inhabit Gotland territory from the Mesolithic until the Bronze Age. She is of the opinion that the dramatic environmental changes were the decisive factor of the various lifestyle approaches and settlement patterns seen over time, a period of 7000 years. New research and diachronic and synchronic perspectives show that these patterns are not so simple and straight forward. Interactivity between changes in natural, social and cultural milieu are all driving forces at play in the lifestyle approaches, settlement patterns, social formations and external influences indicated on Gotland in prehistoric times.

Abstract [lv]

österholm (1989) daro prielaidą, kad Gotlando teritorija nuo pat mezolito iki žalvario amžiaus buvo apgyvendinta tos pačios grupės gyventojų. Ši mokslininkė laikosi nuomonės, kad dramatiški aplinkos pokyčiai nulėmė įvairią gyvenseną ir apgyvendinimo struktūrą istoriniu 7000 metų laikotarpiu. Nauji tyrimai bei diachroninės ir sinchroninės perspektyvos rodo, kad šios struktūros nėra nei paprastos, nei primityvios. Priešistorinio Gotlando gyvensenos pobūdį, apgyvendinimo struktūrą, socialinius darinius ir išorinę įtaką nulėmė įvairių gamtinės, socialinės bei kultūrinės aplinkos pokyčių sąveika.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Vilnius: Vilniaus universiteto leidykla, 2011
Keywords
Arkeologi, Gotland
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hgo:diva-1709 (URN)
Projects
Landskap i förändring
Available from: 2012-12-20 Created: 2012-12-20 Last updated: 2013-07-01Bibliographically approved
Stout, D., Passingham, R., Frith, C., Apel, J. & Chaminade, T. (2011). Technology, expertise, and social cognition in human evolution. European Journal of Neuroscience, 33(7), 1328-1338
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Technology, expertise, and social cognition in human evolution
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2011 (English)In: European Journal of Neuroscience, ISSN 0953-816X, E-ISSN 1460-9568, Vol. 33, no 7, p. 1328-1338Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Paleolithic stone tools provide concrete evidence of major developments in human behavioural and cognitive evolution. Of particular interest are evolving cognitive mechanisms implied by the cultural transmission of increasingly complex prehistoric technologies, hypothetically including motor resonance, causal reasoning and mentalizing. To test the relevance of these mechanisms to specific Paleolithic technologies, we conducted a functional magnetic resonance imaging study of Naı¨ve, Trained and Expert subjects observing two toolmaking methods of differing complexity and antiquity: the simple ‘Oldowan’ method documented by the earliest tools 2.5 million years ago; and the more complex ‘Acheulean’ method used to produce refined tools 0.5 million years ago. Subjects observed 20-s video clips of an expert demonstrator, followed by behavioural tasks designed to maintain attention. Results show that observational understanding of Acheulean toolmaking involves increased demands for the recognition of abstract technological intentions. Across subject groups, Acheulean compared with Oldowan toolmaking was associated with activation of left anterior intraparietal and inferior frontal sulci, indicating the relevance of resonance mechanisms. Between groups, Naïve subjects relied on bottom-up kinematic simulation in the premotor cortex to reconstruct unfamiliar intentions, and Experts employed a combination of familiarity-based sensorimotor matching in the posterior parietal cortex and top-down mentalizing involving the medial prefrontal cortex. While no specific differences between toolmaking technologies were found for Trained subjects, both produced frontal activation relative to Control, suggesting focused engagement with toolmaking stimuli. These findings support motor resonance hypotheses for the evolutionary origins of human social cognition and cumulative culture, directly linking these hypotheses with archaeologically observable behaviours in prehistory.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011
Keywords
cognitive processes, functional MRI, gesture, imitation, learning comprehension
National Category
Developmental Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hgo:diva-1240 (URN)10.1111/j.1460-9568.2011.07619.x (DOI)
Available from: 2011-12-14 Created: 2011-12-13 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
Apel, J. (2011). Tracing pressure-flaked arrowheads in Europe. In: Christopher Prescott and Håkon Glørstad (Ed.), Becoming European: the transformation of third millennium Northern and Western Europe (pp. 156-164). Oxford: Oxbow Books
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tracing pressure-flaked arrowheads in Europe
2011 (English)In: Becoming European: the transformation of third millennium Northern and Western Europe / [ed] Christopher Prescott and Håkon Glørstad, Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2011, p. 156-164Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2011
National Category
Humanities Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hgo:diva-1237 (URN)978-1-94217-450-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2011-12-14 Created: 2011-12-13 Last updated: 2013-07-01Bibliographically approved
Apel, J. (2010). Recention av Berit Valentin Eriksen (red.): Lithic technology in metal using societies [Review]. Kuml : årbog for Jysk arkæologisk selskab, 302-304
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Recention av Berit Valentin Eriksen (red.): Lithic technology in metal using societies
2010 (Swedish)In: Kuml : årbog for Jysk arkæologisk selskab, ISSN 0454-6245, p. 302-304Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
København: Jysk Arkæologisk Selskab, 2010
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hgo:diva-1164 (URN)
Available from: 2011-11-30 Created: 2011-11-30 Last updated: 2013-07-01Bibliographically approved
Apel, J. & Darmark, K. (2009). Evolution and Material Culture. Current Swedish Archaeology, 17, 11-28
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evolution and Material Culture
2009 (English)In: Current Swedish Archaeology, ISSN 1102-7355, Vol. 17, p. 11-28Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper the authors argue that the renewed interestin cultural evolution in archaeology may have a fundamentaleffect on the taxonomies employed and the roleof archaeology as a discipline

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Swedish Archaeological Society [Svenska arkeologiska samfundet], 2009
Keywords
cultural evolution, material culture, archaeological theory, selection, cultural transmission, taxonom
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hgo:diva-1165 (URN)
Available from: 2011-12-02 Created: 2011-11-30 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
Apel, J. (2009). Historiska och transhistoriska studier av förhistoriska hantverk. In: Julie Lund & Lene Melheim (Ed.), Håndverk og produksjon: et møte mellom ulike perspektiver (pp. 111-128). Oslo: Oslo Academic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Historiska och transhistoriska studier av förhistoriska hantverk
2009 (Swedish)In: Håndverk og produksjon: et møte mellom ulike perspektiver / [ed] Julie Lund & Lene Melheim, Oslo: Oslo Academic Press , 2009, p. 111-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this paper two ways of studying prehistoric technologies that were discussed at the meeting in oslo are compared: If, and how, archaeological research aimed at understanding the social and symbolic aspects of prehistoric technologies differs from research geared towards mapping the archaeological remains of different kinds of technical gestures. In the following text I try to define the different levels of interpretations that ought to be considered when archeologists study the remains of prehistoric technologies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Oslo Academic Press, 2009
Series
Oslo arkeologiske serie, ISSN 1503-4089 ; 12
National Category
History and Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hgo:diva-1592 (URN)978-82-7477-384-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-09-27 Created: 2012-09-25 Last updated: 2013-07-01Bibliographically approved
Apel, J. (2006). Skill and Experimental Archaeology. In: Jan Apel & Kjel Knutsson (Ed.), Skilled production and social reproduction: aspects of traditional stone-tool technologies (pp. 207-218). Uppsala: Societas Archaeologica Upsaliensis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Skill and Experimental Archaeology
2006 (English)In: Skilled production and social reproduction: aspects of traditional stone-tool technologies / [ed] Jan Apel & Kjel Knutsson, Uppsala: Societas Archaeologica Upsaliensis , 2006, p. 207-218Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper examines a way of combining the uique experience and knowledge that flint-knapping experiments produce, with a more distant and rational way of conducting research, which is the archaeologist's point of departure. In line with a French epistemological tradition, it is suggested that a relational research process, in which these two perspectives are consciously merged, is needed in order to elucidate the social aspects of technology. In order to illustrate this assertion, the Late neolithic flint dagger production in southern Scandinavia is studied with concepts that allow for a relational perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Societas Archaeologica Upsaliensis, 2006
Series
SAU Stone studies, ISSN 1653-672X ; 2
Keywords
experimental archaeology
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hgo:diva-1595 (URN)91-973740-6-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-09-26 Created: 2012-09-25 Last updated: 2013-07-01Bibliographically approved
Apel, J. (2000). Flint Daggers and Technological Knowledge: Production and Consumption During LN I. In: Deborah Olausson & Helle Vandkilde (Ed.), Form, function & context: Material Culture Studies in Scandinavian Archaeology (pp. 135-154). Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell International
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Flint Daggers and Technological Knowledge: Production and Consumption During LN I
2000 (English)In: Form, function & context: Material Culture Studies in Scandinavian Archaeology / [ed] Deborah Olausson & Helle Vandkilde, Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell International , 2000, p. 135-154Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Debatten kring den etablerade flintdolkstypologin har under 1970, -80, och -90-talet visat att den inte enbart avspeglar en kronologisk serie. Under LN I är det tydligt att det under flera hundra år existerar åtminstone två regioner där olika typer av dolkar produceras. Ett västligt område där lancettformade dolkar utan uttalat grepp tillverkas och ett östligt område där dolkar med uttalat grepp tillverkas. Detta innebär att flera av de huvudtyper, och några av de undertyper, som Lomborg definierat kan betraktas som reella typer i den bemärkelsen att de härstammar från geografiskt och kronologiskt begränsade normativa, teknologiska traditioner. Detta antagande är svårt att styrka genom studier av statiska, arkeologiska material, men argument för en sådan tolkning presenteras i artikeln utifrån en experimentell studie där flintdolksteknologin studeras ingående. En översiktlig undersökning av lösfunna dolkar i Skandinavien visar att de två produktionsområdena har påverkat två geografiskt skilda konsumtionsområden. Det västra produktionsområdet har avsatt dolkar i sydvästra Norge, längs den norska västkusten upp till Trondheim och sedan över Sylarna till Sverige och vidare till den norrländska östkusten. Det östra produktionsområdet tycks i sin tur ha avsatt dolkar i Västergötland, Bohuslän, sydöstra Norge och i östra Mellansverige upp till Dalälven.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell International, 2000
Series
Acta archaeologica Lundensia. Series in 8o, ISSN 0065-0994 ; 31
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hgo:diva-1594 (URN)91-22-01847-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-09-26 Created: 2012-09-25 Last updated: 2013-07-01Bibliographically approved
Apel, J., Bäckström, Y., Hallgren, F., Knutsson, K., Lekberg, P., Olsson, E., . . . Sundström, L. (1995). Fågelbacken och trattbägarsamhället: samhällsorganisation och rituella samlingsplatser vid övergången till en bofast tillvaro i östra Mellansverige. Tor : meddelanden från Uppsala universitets museum för nordiska fornsaker, 27(1), 47-132
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fågelbacken och trattbägarsamhället: samhällsorganisation och rituella samlingsplatser vid övergången till en bofast tillvaro i östra Mellansverige
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1995 (Swedish)In: Tor : meddelanden från Uppsala universitets museum för nordiska fornsaker, ISSN 0495-8772, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 47-132Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A discussion of the TRB cultural landscape and form of society is attempted on the basis of the excavation of an early Neolithic Funnel-beaker settlement site at Fågelbacken in eastern central Sweden. The site, situated on top of an esker, is characterized by finds of TRB pottery, quartz and flint debitage, pits with charred human bones, a cultbuildibng and D-shaped huts. As a result of intra-site spatial analysis, ceramic analysis and a discussion of the site features, it is suggested that Fågelbacken should be interpreted not only a a coastal hunting site but also as a repeatedly visited, communal ritual site. A spatial analysis of thin-butted axes in the area surrounding the site, suggests that it is probably one of a whole series of similar, evenly spaced, ritual sites in the area. A sociocultural interpretation of Funnel-beaker huts and houses, together with an analysis of the distribution of stray finds of TRB type in the research area, further suggests that coastal sites like Fågelbacken are structurally related to groups of swidden-agriculture farmsteads and hunting stations in the interior.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitets museum för nordiska fornsaker, 1995
National Category
History and Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hgo:diva-1593 (URN)
Available from: 2012-09-26 Created: 2012-09-25 Last updated: 2013-07-01Bibliographically approved
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