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Mjør, Kåre Johan
Publications (10 of 41) Show all publications
Mjør, K. J. (2018). Metaphysics, Aesthetics, or Epistemology?: The Conceptual History of tvorchestvo in Nineteenth-Century Russian Thought. Slavic and East European Journal, 62(1 (Spring 2018)), 4-25
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Metaphysics, Aesthetics, or Epistemology?: The Conceptual History of tvorchestvo in Nineteenth-Century Russian Thought
2018 (English)In: Slavic and East European Journal, ISSN 0037-6752, E-ISSN 2325-7687, Vol. 62, no 1 (Spring 2018), p. 4-25Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyzes the history of the Russian concept of tvorchestvo (“creation,” “creativity”) from its emergence and early usages in the early nineteenth century, in particular in the writings of Nikolai Nadezhdin, Nikolai Stankevich and Vissarion Belinskii, and up to and including the philosophy of Vladimir Solov’ev. While the concept later on became a key term and pivotal philosophical issue for thinkers such as Nikolai Berdiaev and Sergei Bulgakov, this article focuses on its early history, and more specifically on how it was coined in the translation of the ideas of Schelling, while subsequently becoming independent of the Schellingian origins. More specifically, while it initially was a metaphysical concept, corresponding to Schilling’s idea of “productivity” (of nature as well as of the human being), thinkers like Nadezhdin and Belinskii used it as an aesthetic concept, referring to the creative genius, while Solov’ev in turn applied it in order to emphasize the active role we play in cognition and perception (epistemology). The article demonstrates the importance of cultural transfer in the creation of a Russian philosophical discourse in the nineteenth century and expolores how processes of transfer and translation generate new philosophical issues.

Abstract [ru]

Социалистический реализм получил широкое освещение в истории как русской, так и восточноевропейской литератур. Тем не менее, при использовании сложившегося в этих историях институционального и эстетического аппарата, представляется сложным объяснить существование левых текстов вне рамок государственного социализма. Настоящая статья посвящена мировому пролетарскому роману первой половины ХХ века и предлагает новый аппарат для рассмотрения таких текстов, во-первых, очерчивая границы Народной республики литературы (литературной подсистемы, соседствовавшей с политическими левыми и отличной от Мировой республики литературы Паскаль Казановы), внутри которой эти тексты циркулировали, а во-вторых, объясняя широкое использование религиозных нарративов и системы образов, посредством которых в таком романе были представлены революционные сообщества старых левых.

National Category
History of Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-351460 (URN)000433526300002 ()
Available from: 2018-05-25 Created: 2018-05-25 Last updated: 2018-08-24Bibliographically approved
Mjør, K. J. (2018). Smuta: Cyclical visions of history in contemporary Russian thought and the question of hegemony. Studies in East European thought
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Smuta: Cyclical visions of history in contemporary Russian thought and the question of hegemony
2018 (English)In: Studies in East European thought, ISSN 0925-9392, E-ISSN 1573-0948Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the post-Soviet context, various cyclical models of recurrent Russian “Times of Troubles” (smuty) have become increasingly popular. This perspective emerged first in Soviet dissident circles (Alexander Yanov, Aleksandr Akhiezer), who used it as a means to expose as mistaken the Soviet belief in continual historical progress on Russian soil. In post-Soviet Russia this critical approach has been continued by members of the “Akhezier circle,” the economist Egor Gaidar, and others. Meanwhile it was given an affirmative, conservative reinterpretation by Aleksandr Panarin, according to whom Russia has always managed to overcome its phases of devastating Westernization and state collapse. This idea of Russian history has become influential; even Vladimir Putin has talked about Russia as a strong state able to survive various “Times of Troubles” from the early seventeenth century to the early post-Soviet period. It also figures prominently among members of the neoconservative Izborsk Club. This article analyzes different conceptions of Russian history as cyclical and their prominent place in the prevailing civilizational discourse of post-Soviet Russia. By means of postcolonial perspectives, this discourse is seen on the one hand as an attempt to question and reject Western hegemony, attempts that on the other hand nevertheless seem unable to liberate themselves from a normative dependence on the West.

National Category
History of Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-339843 (URN)10.1007/s11212-018-9298-0 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-01-23 Created: 2018-01-23 Last updated: 2018-01-26Bibliographically approved
Mjør, K. J. & Lunde, I. (2018). Special Issue: The Russian Revolution 100 Years On. Scando-Slavica, 64(1), 2-6
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Special Issue: The Russian Revolution 100 Years On
2018 (English)In: Scando-Slavica, ISSN 0080-6765, E-ISSN 1600-082X, Vol. 64, no 1, p. 2-6Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2018
National Category
History of Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-349070 (URN)10.1080/00806765.2018.1446793 (DOI)000430429600002 ()
Available from: 2018-04-20 Created: 2018-04-20 Last updated: 2018-08-16Bibliographically approved
Mjør, K. J. (2017). Nikolai Berdiaev and the "boundless spaces" of Russia. Nordlit, 39, 4-17
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nikolai Berdiaev and the "boundless spaces" of Russia
2017 (English)In: Nordlit, ISSN 0809-1668, E-ISSN 1503-2086, Vol. 39, p. 4-17Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article analyses the ways in which the Russian philosopher Nikolai Berdiaev understood Russian space and geography, beginning with the texts that he wrote during the First World War and ending with his book The Russian Idea (1946). It was characteristic of Berdiaev to extensively recycle passages from his own texts, not least those that put forth the claim that there was a correspondence between Russia’s vast and wide-open spaces and the "Russian soul." However, the article argues that Berdiaev’s seemingly similar phrases had different meanings in different contexts. In the 1910s, his perspective was predominantly critical, if speculative, positing that the acquisition of large territories had prevented the Russian "self-organization" in thought and culture. After the 1917 revolutions and his own emigration in 1922, by contrast, Berdiaev gradually became more essentialist in his approach to Russian space, seeing the vast territories as perfectly matching the strivings and quests of the Russian people. The article contextualises Berdiaev’s understanding of space both in relation to nineteenth-century traditions of interpreting Russian geography and to the political upheavals that took place during his lifetime.

Keywords
Russian Philosophy; History of Ideas; Space; Gender; Identity Formation; Nikolai Berdiaev
National Category
History of Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-332128 (URN)10.7557/13.4189 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-10-24 Created: 2017-10-24 Last updated: 2017-10-31Bibliographically approved
Mjør, K. J. (2016). A Morphology of Russia?: The Russian Civilisational Turn and its Cyclical Idea of History. In: Arto Mustajoki, Katja Lehtisaari (Ed.), Philosophical and Cultural Interpretations of Russian Modernisation: . Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Morphology of Russia?: The Russian Civilisational Turn and its Cyclical Idea of History
2016 (English)In: Philosophical and Cultural Interpretations of Russian Modernisation / [ed] Arto Mustajoki, Katja Lehtisaari, Routledge, 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2016
National Category
History of Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-293471 (URN)
Available from: 2016-05-13 Created: 2016-05-13 Last updated: 2016-05-13
Mjør, K. J. (2016). Cyclical History and the Post-Soviet Condition. In: : . Paper presented at First Annual Tartu Conference on Russian and East European Studies, 12-14 June 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cyclical History and the Post-Soviet Condition
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
National Category
History of Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-297295 (URN)
Conference
First Annual Tartu Conference on Russian and East European Studies, 12-14 June 2016
Available from: 2016-06-22 Created: 2016-06-22 Last updated: 2016-06-22
Mjør, K. J. (2016). Eit evig Russland: Oleg Platonov, Institutt for russisk sivilisasjon og nasjonaliseringa av russisk tenking. Nordisk Østforum, 30(2), 98-117
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Eit evig Russland: Oleg Platonov, Institutt for russisk sivilisasjon og nasjonaliseringa av russisk tenking
2016 (Norwegian Nynorsk; Nynorsk, Norwegian)In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 98-117Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article discusses the Russian nationalist Oleg Platonov and his Institute for Russian Civilization, a project established for publishing both contemporary works and the classics of Russian intellectual history. Special attention is given to how Platonov, who is otherwise known for his extreme anti-Westernism and anti-Semitism, within the framework of this project actively disseminates not only his own idea of a unique and self-sufficient Russian civilization, but also numerous classics of Russian thought, in particular of the Slavophile current. Various Russian thinkers are presented here as the embodiment of “Russian national thought” and the expression of an alleged “ideology of the Russian people”. On the basis of this analysis, the article reviews Platonov’s contribution to contemporary Russian nationalism more generally and its tendency to make the marginal mainstream.

National Category
History of Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-293469 (URN)
Available from: 2016-05-13 Created: 2016-05-13 Last updated: 2018-06-19Bibliographically approved
Mjør, K. J. (2015). Between Ideology and Nauka: Russia's First Visions of an Indigenous Philosophy. In: : . Paper presented at 15th Annual Aleksanteri Conference: Culture and Russian Society, Helsinki, October 21-23.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Between Ideology and Nauka: Russia's First Visions of an Indigenous Philosophy
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
National Category
History of Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-274806 (URN)
Conference
15th Annual Aleksanteri Conference: Culture and Russian Society, Helsinki, October 21-23
Available from: 2016-01-26 Created: 2016-01-26 Last updated: 2016-01-26
Mjør, K. J. (2015). Between Ideology and Science: Russia’s First Visions of an Indigenous Philosophy. In: : . Paper presented at BASEES Annual Conference, Cambridge, March 28–30.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Between Ideology and Science: Russia’s First Visions of an Indigenous Philosophy
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
National Category
History of Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-274803 (URN)
Conference
BASEES Annual Conference, Cambridge, March 28–30
Available from: 2016-01-26 Created: 2016-01-26 Last updated: 2016-01-26
Mjør, K. J. (2015). Between Universalism and Nationalism: Soviet Historiography of National Philosophies. In: : . Paper presented at 15th Annual Aleksanteri Conference: Culture and Russian Society, Helsinki, 21-23 October.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Between Universalism and Nationalism: Soviet Historiography of National Philosophies
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
National Category
History of Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-274809 (URN)
Conference
15th Annual Aleksanteri Conference: Culture and Russian Society, Helsinki, 21-23 October
Available from: 2016-01-26 Created: 2016-01-26 Last updated: 2016-01-26
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