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Bruno, Linnéa
Publications (10 of 10) Show all publications
Bruno, L. (2018). Financial oppression and post-separation child positions in Sweden. European Journal of Social Work, 21(2), 181-192
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Financial oppression and post-separation child positions in Sweden
2018 (English)In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 181-192Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present paper deals with post-separation child positions in two domains of practice in the Swedish welfare state: welfare benefits such as financial aid and child contact. The area of concern is financial oppression in the context of parental separation. Empirically, the study draws upon three types of material: interviews with victimised mothers, court orders in welfare benefit appeals and court orders in contested contact cases. Findings suggest that financial abuse in the context of parental separation is a non-question in the domain of welfare benefits, and in the domain of child contact framed as a conflict between equal parties. Object without voice and with needs ignored was the typical child position in welfare benefits cases, whereas incompetent subject was more prominent in child contact cases. Age order as a form of domination may be reinforced by the practice of both domains.

Abstract [sv]

Denna artikel handlar om hur barn till separerande föräldrar positioneras inom två domäner av praktik i den svenska välfärdsstaten: bidrag och försörjning samt umgänge. Problemområdet är ekonomiskt förtryck i samband med föräldrars separation. Studien bygger på tre olika slags empiriska material: intervjuer med våldsutsatta mödrar, förvaltningsrättsdomar gällande överklaganden om nekande till ekonomiskt bistånd samt tingsrättsdomar gällande beslut om umgänge. Resultaten föreslår att ekonomiskt förtryck är en icke-fråga inom bidrag och försörjning, medan det inom tvister om umgänge hanteras som en intressekonflikt mellan jämlika parter. Barnet positioneras som ett objekt utan röst och utan övervägande av individuella behov i de flesta av förvaltningsrättsdomarna. I familjerättsdomarna gällande umgänge är däremot inkompetent subjekt en mer framträdande barnposition. Båda dessa sätt att positionera barnet och att representera problemet har implikationer för barns möjligheter att få sina rättigheter till delaktighet, skydd och resurser tillgodosedda. I förlängningen bidrar denna praktik till att reproducera vuxnas strukturella överordning.

Keywords
Child welfare, financial abuse, income support, social assistance, participation, citizenship, social policy, ekonomiskt våld, barn, våld i nära relationer, ekonomiskt bistånd, umgänge
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-346358 (URN)10.1080/13691457.2017.1286296 (DOI)000423748000003 ()
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, FASdnr 2011-0559
Note

Svensk titel: Ekonomiskt förtryck och barnpositioner när föräldrar separerar i Sverige

Available from: 2018-03-16 Created: 2018-03-16 Last updated: 2018-03-16Bibliographically approved
Bruno, L. (2016). Ofridstid: Fäders våld, staten och den separerande familjen. (Doctoral dissertation). Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ofridstid: Fäders våld, staten och den separerande familjen
2016 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Times of Trouble : Fathers' violence, the state and the separating family
Abstract [en]

The present thesis explores intersectional and institutional conditions for counteracting domestic violence in the Swedish welfare state. Empirically, the study focuses on professional discourses and practices concerning fathers’ violence against mothers and children in the context of separation, in three domains of practice: 1) Children’s education; 2) Disputes concerning custody, contact and residence; and 3) Welfare benefits such as financial aid. Theoretically, the study draws on feminist political theory and sociology, childhood studies and critical race studies. The empirical material consists of court orders and interviews with staff and victimised mothers. Two main social processes that undermine implementation of children’s rights are identified and discussed: Familialisation and selective repression. The thesis is based on four articles:

Article I, (Skolan, familjerätten och barnen) School, family law and children exposed to violence, explores how staff at school and preschool understands their professional task, when in encounters with children in difficulties due to family law proceedings. The results suggest that two competing perspectives shape staff understandings of risks, solutions and violence. When arguing from the child’s rights’ perspective, the staff prioritises children’s safety and participation, while an upbringing perspective tends to construct violence mainly as a problem of order, with disquieting implications for vulnerable children.

Article II, (Pedagoger i det sociala uppdragets gränstrakter: Att hantera familjerättsliga processer, hot och våld)Pedagogues in the borderland of their social task: Dealing with family law proceedings, threats and violence, investigates strategies used by preschool and school staff, when encountering gendered conflicts and violence between parents. How do the staff cope with their own and children’s vulnerability? An analytical model of six types of proactive and reactive strategies, ranging from keeping distance to normalisation of own vulnerability, is utilised in the analysis and discussed in relation to organisational and professional circumstances and intersecting social relations of inequality.

Article III, Contact and evaluations of violence: An intersectional analysis of Swedish court orders, examines obstacles to implementation of children’s rights in contested parental contact cases in which there are indications of violence. The analysis shows that the contact presumption is strong, and generally overrides protection. This norm applies even where there are convictions or explicit reports of child abuse or domestic violence. In cases with ‘non-Nordic’ fathers however, the contact presumption is less likely to override protection than in cases with ‘Nordic’ fathers.

Article IV, Financial oppression and post-separation child positions in Sweden, deals with post-separation child positions in two domains of practice in the Swedish welfare state: Welfare benefits such as financial aid, and child contact. The area of concern is financial oppression in the context of parental separation. Findings suggest that financial abuse in the context of parental separation is a non-question in the domain of welfare benefits, and in the domain of child contact framed as a conflict between equal parties. The age order as a form of domination may be reinforced by the practice of both domains.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. p. 109
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 1652-9030 ; 123
Keywords
family law, domestic violence, financial abuse, separations, children’s rights, childhood studies, intersectionality, feminist theory, gender, race, racialisation, welfare state, social policy
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-268678 (URN)978-91-554-9438-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-02-12, Geijersalen, Engelska parken, Thunbergsvägen 3H, Uppsala, 10:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-01-22 Created: 2015-12-09 Last updated: 2016-02-12
Bruno, L. (2015). Contact and Evaluations of Violence: An Intersectional Analysis of Swedish Court Orders. International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family, 29(2), 167-182
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contact and Evaluations of Violence: An Intersectional Analysis of Swedish Court Orders
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family, ISSN 1360-9939, E-ISSN 1464-3707, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 167-182Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

What are the impacts of age, ethnicity, and gender on ensuring children's rights to participation and protection in disputed contact cases in which there are indications of violence? Drawing from a review of all contested contact cases from three primary courts in Sweden during 2010 and 2011, findings suggest that the contact presumption is strong, and generally overrides protection. This norm applies even where there are convictions or explicit reports of child abuse or domestic violence. Priority was neither given to consideration of risk of abuse, nor was a view of children as competent subjects with a right to participation in these proceedings, despite both of these concepts being present in Swedish family law. In cases with 'non-Nordic' fathers however, the contact presumption is less likely to override protection than in cases with 'Nordic' fathers. Intersections of adult, male, and white privileges appear as an obstacle for ensuring children's rights.

National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-258738 (URN)10.1093/lawfam/ebv002 (DOI)000356894400003 ()
Available from: 2015-07-21 Created: 2015-07-20 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, M., Bruno, L. & Näsman, E. (2013). Domestic Violence, Family Law and School: Children's Rights to Participation, Protection and Provision (1ed.). Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Domestic Violence, Family Law and School: Children's Rights to Participation, Protection and Provision
2013 (English)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Domestic Violence, Family Law and School discusses the ways in which domestic violence can impact on children's lives at pre-school and school. Disputes over parental responsibility, living arrangements or child contact can create difficulties not just for the child of disputing parents, but for all children at preschool or school, as well as for staff. This book uncovers new research on an under-explored area of children's lives and social work with vulnerable children and is shaped by a comparative lens that brings both similarities and differences between England, Wales and Sweden into focus. A theoretical framework for analyses of how welfare systems tackle domestic violence is elaborated and lessons for practice that can be drawn from the findings presented are highlighted

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. p. 186 Edition: 1
Keywords
Children's rights, child perspective, violence, family, school, child protection, Barns rättigheter, barnperspektiv, våld, familj, skola, social barnavård
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-210667 (URN)978-1-137-28304-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-11-13 Created: 2013-11-13 Last updated: 2013-11-13
Eriksson, M., Bruno, L. & Näsman, E. (2013). Family law proceedings, domestic violence and the impact upon school: a neglected area of research. Children & society, 27(2), 81-91
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Family law proceedings, domestic violence and the impact upon school: a neglected area of research
2013 (English)In: Children & society, ISSN 0951-0605, E-ISSN 1099-0860, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 81-91Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this article is to open up a discussion about an unexplored area of children’s lives at school. While there has been considerable discussion of issues about child protection and the cooperation between school and social services in that context, studies on the intersection between school and family law proceedings seem virtually non-existent. This is also the case when it comes to family law proceedings and different forms of childhood adversity. Drawing upon previous and ongoing research on family law and domestic violence in Sweden, together with a number of other existing studies on children and domestic violence, this article outlines the potential impact of family law proceedings upon school as well as issues requiring further research exploration.

National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-166164 (URN)10.1111/j.1099-0860.2011.00394.x (DOI)000313718100001 ()
Available from: 2012-01-10 Created: 2012-01-10 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
Bruno, L. (2012). Föräldrar med kognitiva svårigheter - att bryta ny mark: Erfarenheter från Uppsala län.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Föräldrar med kognitiva svårigheter - att bryta ny mark: Erfarenheter från Uppsala län
2012 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 46
Keywords
föräldraskap, funktionshinder, kognitiva svårigheter
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-200151 (URN)978-91-86759-10-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-05-21 Created: 2013-05-21 Last updated: 2013-05-21
Bruno, L. (2012). Pedagoger i det sociala uppdragets gränstrakter: Att hantera familjerättsliga processer, hot och våld. Sociologisk forskning, 49(3), 189-210
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pedagoger i det sociala uppdragets gränstrakter: Att hantera familjerättsliga processer, hot och våld
2012 (Swedish)In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 49, no 3, p. 189-210Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Drawing upon an explorative study of family law proceedings from a school perspective, the aim of this paper is to examine the school staff's strategies for solving or coping with problematic situations in this context. Gendered conflicts between adults and violence are extreme cases for pedagogues in school and preschool. How do staff cope with their own and the children's vulnerability? Based upopn interviews with 22 informants, the staff strategies are outlined and discussed in relation to organizational and professional circumstances and intersecting social relations of power.  An analytical construction of six types of strategies, ranging from distance keeping to normalization of own exposure, is utilized in the analysis. Findings suggests that the staff's strategies to handle challenging events in this context vary with the parent's gender, class position and ethnicity. Further, it is argued that creating a sense of safety and promoting learning among the children may be obstructed by lack of support from the school's organization, demands on staff to perform customer oriented attitudes towards parents and lack of clarity concerning the limits of the social task. In conclusion, a further aim of this article is to contribute to broader discussions on men's violence against women and children - in families as well as in workplaces and in the intersection between these two areas.

Keywords
school, family law, domestic violence, profession, skola, familjerätt, våld i nära relationer, våld i arbetslivet, profession
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-200149 (URN)
Projects
Familjerättsliga processer och beslut i ett skolperspektiv
Funder
FAS, Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research
Available from: 2013-05-21 Created: 2013-05-21 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Bruno, L. (2012). Pedagoger i det sociala uppdragets gränstrakter: Att hantera familjerättsliga processer, hot och våld. Sociologisk forskning, 49(3), 189-210
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pedagoger i det sociala uppdragets gränstrakter: Att hantera familjerättsliga processer, hot och våld
2012 (English)In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 49, no 3, p. 189-210Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Drawing upon an explorative study of family law proceedings from a school perspective, the aim of this paper is to examine the school staffs strategies for solving or coping with problematic situations in this context. Gendered conflicts between adults and violence are extreme cases for pedagogues in school and preschool. How do the staff cope with their own and the children's vulnerability? Based upon interviews with 22 informants, the staff's strategies are outlined and discussed in relation to organizational and professional circumstances and intersecting social relations of power. An analytical construction of six types of proactive and reactive strategies, ranging from distance keeping to normalization of own exposure, is utilized in the analysis. Findings suggest that the staff's strategies to handle challenging events in this context vary with the parent's gender, class position and ethnicity. Further, it is argued that creating a sense of safety and promoting learning among the children may be obstructed by lack of support from the school's organization, demands on staff to perform customer oriented attitudes towards parents and lack of clarity concerning the limits of the social task. Conflicts between the organization and profession on the one hand and the educational and the social task on the other hand, are thus illuminated. In conclusion, a further aim of this article is to contribute to broader discussions on men's violence against women and children - in families as well as in workplaces and in the intersection between these two areas.

Keywords
Domestic violence, Family law, Profession, School
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-184917 (URN)000209156000003 ()
Note

Web of Science title: Pedagogues in the borderland of their social task: dealing with family law proceedings, threats and violence

Available from: 2012-11-19 Created: 2012-11-15 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Bruno, L. (2011). Skolan, familjerätten och barnen. Utbildning och Demokrati, 20(2), 73-92
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Skolan, familjerätten och barnen
2011 (Swedish)In: Utbildning och Demokrati, ISSN 1102-6472, E-ISSN 2001-7316, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 73-92Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The intersection between family law proceedings and the school system is a neglected area of research. Based upon a qualitative interview study involving 22 informants, this article explores how staff at school and preschool understands their professional task, when in encounters with children in difficulties in the context of family law proceedings. Which are the implications of these understandings of professionalism, for children exposed to violence? Further, the article explores the relations between established perspectives in the school domain and discourses dominating the immediate domain of family law. The results suggest that two competing perspectives shape understandings of risks, solutions and violence in dissimilar ways. When arguing from the child’s rights’ perspective, the staff prioritizes children’s safety and participation, while an upbringing perspective tends to understand violence mainly as a problem of order, with disquieting implications for vulnerable children.

Keywords
school, family law, education, the rights of the child, domestic violence, skola, familjerätt, utbildning, barns rättigheter, våld i nära relationer
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociology; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-199782 (URN)
Funder
FAS, Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research
Available from: 2013-05-14 Created: 2013-05-14 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Bruno, L.Financial oppression and post-separation child positions in Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Financial oppression and post-separation child positions in Sweden
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The present paper deals with post-separation child positions in two domains of practice in the Swedish welfare state: welfare benefits such as financial aid, and child contact. The area of concern is financial oppression in the context of parental separation. Empirically, the study draws upon three types of material: interviews with victimised mothers, court orders in welfare benefit appeals and court orders in contested contact cases. Findings suggest that financial abuse in the context of parental separation is a non-question in the domain of welfare benefits, and in the domain of child contact framed as a conflict between equal parties. Object without voice and with needs ignored was the typical child position in welfare benefits cases, whereas incompetent subject was more prominent in child contact cases. Age order as a form of domination may be reinforced by the practice of both domains.

Keywords
financial abuse, children, domestic violence, financial aid, contact
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-268670 (URN)
Projects
Ekonomisk kontroll, exploatering och deprivering i familjen. En teoretiskt och empiriskt explorativ studie av ekonomisk maktutövning i familjen
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2015-12-09 Created: 2015-12-09 Last updated: 2016-01-22
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