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Wilson, O. (2017). Bilden av trä: Föreställningar om levande material i en postindustriell tid. Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift (74), 8-26
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bilden av trä: Föreställningar om levande material i en postindustriell tid
2017 (Swedish)In: Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0349-2834, no 74, p. 8-26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article deals with the paradox of a modern-day phenomenon: that wood, which represents authenticity and sustainable development, is communicated via visual media that prevent the tangible experience of physically handling wood.

One crucial question is the consequences this may have for the built environment and cultural heritage of wood. The article argues that visual representations of wood influence how real wood is handled, and that this cultural use of wood in an abstract sense influences our values when making decisions about historic timber buildings. In current architecture, bare wood often takes the form of a decorative surface with no structural purpose, used only to convey various notions of wood. We must avoid taking these notions for granted, and be more aware of their effects and how they are used.

To understand this process we may hypothesize that a change in what wood represents has taken place in the post-industrial era. The study uses historical perspectives to identify 20th-century ideas and concepts of wood, showing that perceptions of wood changed through the rational ideas of modernity, which made wood anonymous and marginalized. The article sug- gests that over recent decades wood has devel- oped an identity as a unique, living material. Several trees estimated to be more than a thou- sand years old have received media attention, which shows the ability of trees to encapsulate time. These trees are often given names, such as Adonis in Bosnia for example, which is known as “Europe’s oldest living inhabitant.” Draw- ing attention to unique aspects of trees follows current advertising trends, where products and brands are given identities too.

The development of dendrochronology has also lent a historical dimension to wood. This aspect of time is enhanced by the protracted process of tree growth, making wood a suitable material for the slow craft movement and hip- ster culture.

One contribution to the animate natural- ness of wood is the rapid development of digi- tal photography, which allows professional and amateur photographers alike to produce high- quality pictures. Distributing images over social media takes place smoothly and quickly via the Internet. Thus wood can be shown in high-reso- lution, both in print and digital form, making it look freshly hewn and vivid.

By analysing contemporary media, which presents wood in various cultural contexts, we can identify how notions of sustainable devel- opment and authenticity are conveyed. This paradoxical handling of wood without actually touching it shows that wood possesses a cultural strength that extends far beyond its structural and practical uses.

As an example the article discusses the Swed- ish medieval church at Södra Råda in Västergöt- land. After the building was destroyed by fire in 2001, it was decided to rebuild the church using medieval techniques. The reconstruction became a media success that spread via the In- ternet. Paradoxically, the virtual version of Södra Råda became more real to the public than the physical church. This came about by presenting painstaking woodworking skills as the church rose slowly, like a phoenix from the ashes. The process was documented and spread via the In- ternet and elsewhere.

To conclude, virtual and mediated wood, consumed visually, expresses a strong yet underrated cultural discourse. With greater aware- ness, virtual wood can become a resource in the struggle to preserve historic timber buildings, which are often threatened today by globalised economic progress, in which cities compete by building landmark architecture. Rational and logical arguments, picked from the modernist agenda of the 20th-century, are often used to legitimise this form of redevelopment. In this context it is hard to do justice to historic timber buildings, given that they are viewed and discussed in terms of values created by modernity. The results of the study show how wood is culturally impregnated with new and varied meanings. Broadly, the post-industrial, irrational use of wood may be seen as rehabilitating a ma- terial damaged by the rationalist forces of mo- dernity. In handicrafts too, wood is appearing as an unruly queer material, carved and freely cut.

Is a language taking shape here, stemming from the wood itself? 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: , 2017
Keywords
visual culture, material culture, cultural heritage
National Category
Architecture Art History Cultural Studies
Research subject
History of Art
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-336771 (URN)
Available from: 2017-12-17 Created: 2017-12-17 Last updated: 2018-01-08Bibliographically approved
Wilson, O. (2012). Raffinerade rum: Bensinstationer och precisionskultur i Sverige 1926-1956. (Doctoral dissertation). Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Raffinerade rum: Bensinstationer och precisionskultur i Sverige 1926-1956
2012 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

International petrol companies established themselves in Sweden in the mid-1920s and took control of the petrol trade in a manner that, within a relatively short space of time, left a clear imprint on the natural and built environments. The absence of petrol stations from the narrative of modern architecture raises questions about how this type of building should be understood. In the development of modernity, ideas about technology are an important driving force, and how this is visualised in the Swedish petrol trade forms a starting point in the thesis Refined space – petrol stations and culture of precision in Sweden, 1926–1956. Another issue addressed in the thesis is how its technological expressions have changed and been renegotiated and how they are living on. The study can be described as a reverse engineering, which involves attempting to observe the petrol station in a manner that lifts the obscuring veil of the everyday. To enable this, a hypothetical value structure, referred to as culture of precision, has been included. This is used as an expanding horizon of understanding which makes it possible to interpret and illustrate the visual representations of the petrol trade. The term appears primarily in the context of technological advertising and describes the perfectionist team spirit required to achieve an ambitious goal.

 Technology embodied in petrol stations conveys complex values, even if, through everyday use, they may seem to be natural and self-evident. In my approach, there is also a gender perspective, in that the masculinising technology is not regarded as natural. The emphasis on the early business activities when the petrol trade was being established is also important, as various strategies can be singled out more easily when they are being introduced. The study shows that petrol’s narrative characteristics have been used by petrol companies in their marketing to give the abstract, liquid fuel meaning and identity. This produced history has probably contributed to petrol in particular being more firmly embedded in culture than alternative sources of energy, such as electricity and ethanol. Viewing petrol as a cultural commodity can also increase the possibility of understanding why it is so hard to switch from using fossil fuels.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 2012. p. 240
Series
Nordiska museets handlingar, ISSN 0346-8585 ; 138
Keywords
Service stations, gas stations, petrol stations, filling stations, culture of precision, Bensinstationer, precisionskultur, visuell kultur
National Category
Humanities Architecture
Research subject
History of Art
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-168137 (URN)978-91-7108-549-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-03-02, Ihresalen, Engelska parken, Uppsala, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-02-10 Created: 2012-02-06 Last updated: 2016-06-27
Wilson, O. (2010). Nazityskland i populärkulturen - Minne, myt, medier [Review]. Valör (3-4), 67-68
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nazityskland i populärkulturen - Minne, myt, medier
2010 (Swedish)In: Valör, ISSN 0283-751X, no 3-4, p. 67-68Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

I filmer och dataspel är det nazityska Tredje riket ett återkommande tema. En genre där det vimlar av svarta läderrockar, ridbyxor och hakkors. Hur påverkar denna populärkultur den historiska synen på Nazityskland? Så lyder den övergripande frågeställningen i Eva Kingsepps komplexa avhandling. Enligt författaren är populärkulturen en scen där den historiska verkligheten omformas till myt och blir meningsskapande. För att undersöka detta har ett material bestående av spelfilm, dataspel, Internet och dokumentärfilmer analyserats. Studien är förankrad i nutiden och ett medvetet val har gjorts att hålla sig inom Sveriges gränser där intervjuer har gjorts med den publik som intresserar sig för Tredje riket.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: , 2010
Keywords
Nazityskland
National Category
Art History
Research subject
History of Art
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-297701 (URN)
External cooperation:
Available from: 2016-06-27 Created: 2016-06-27 Last updated: 2017-11-28
Wilson, O. (2010). Teknikens tempel. Byggnadskultur (2), 4-10
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Teknikens tempel
2010 (Swedish)In: Byggnadskultur, ISSN 0348-6885, E-ISSN 1677-6976, no 2, p. 4-10Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2010
Keywords
Arkitektur
National Category
Architecture
Research subject
History of Art
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-286564 (URN)
Available from: 2016-04-21 Created: 2016-04-21 Last updated: 2017-11-30
Wilson, O. (2009). Lego - En precisionsprodukt med glappkontakt mot verkligheten. Valör (1), 40-46
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lego - En precisionsprodukt med glappkontakt mot verkligheten
2009 (Swedish)In: Valör, ISSN 0283-751X, no 1, p. 40-46Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

När lego introducerades som leksak för barn på 1960-talet var könsrollerna tydligt markerade i marknadsföringen. Men när byggbeskrivningarna försvunnit försvann de genuskodade mekanismerna och i stället kunde barn experimentera fritt med plastbitarna.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: , 2009
Keywords
Lego
National Category
Humanities Art History
Research subject
History of Art
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-297693 (URN)
Available from: 2016-06-27 Created: 2016-06-27 Last updated: 2017-11-28
Wilson, O. (2008). Full tank: En bok om våra bensinstationer från Svensk-Engelska Mineralolje AB till Preem (3000ed.). Stckholm: Kartago förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Full tank: En bok om våra bensinstationer från Svensk-Engelska Mineralolje AB till Preem
2008 (Swedish)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Boken behnadlar en av nittonhundratalets snabbast växande och mest betydelsefulla företeelser; bilismen. I början av förra seklet fanns det 600 bilägare i Sverige, men inga bensinmackar. De olika bensinbolagen slogs om kunderna men sålde samma vara, till samma pris. Design, service och slogans blev konkurrensmedel.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stckholm: Kartago förlag, 2008. p. 265 Edition: 3000
Keywords
Bensinstationer
National Category
History of Technology Architecture
Research subject
History of Art
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-285868 (URN)9789189632929 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-04-20 Created: 2016-04-20 Last updated: 2016-06-27
Wilson, O. (2004). Glasbetong: Murar av ljus (3000ed.). Stockholm: Byggförlaget
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Glasbetong: Murar av ljus
2004 (Swedish)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Glasbetong har under 1900-talet varit ett starkt ljusfenomen i svensk arkitektur, särskilt under modernismens framväxt. Här skildras historien om glasbetong från industriernas katedraler av glas till dagens duschhörnor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Byggförlaget, 2004. p. 127 Edition: 3000
Keywords
Glasbetong
National Category
Architecture
Research subject
History of Art
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-285864 (URN)91-7988-248-X (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-04-20 Created: 2016-04-20 Last updated: 2016-06-27
Wilson, O. (2003). Glasbetong. Byggnadskultur (3)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Glasbetong
2003 (Swedish)In: Byggnadskultur, ISSN 0348-6885, E-ISSN 1677-6976, no 3Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

Med ny teknik kunde man i början av förra seklet producera glas industriellt så att kostnaderna hölls nere. Tekniska framsteg gjorde att materialets konstruktiva gränser gick att tänja. Glaset blev mindre bräckligt genom nyutvecklade härdningsmetoder och ugnsfast glas kunde framställas. På så vis skapades förutsättningar för arkitekter och konstnärer att experimentera och skapa nya estetiska uttryck.

Keywords
Glasbetong
National Category
Architecture
Research subject
History of Art
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-286566 (URN)
Available from: 2016-04-21 Created: 2016-04-21 Last updated: 2017-11-30
Wilson, O. (2000). Litet egnahem blev stor villa. Dagens Nyheter
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Litet egnahem blev stor villa
2000 (Swedish)In: Dagens NyheterArticle in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Vid sekelskiftet 1900 tillsattes en kommitté för att motverka utvandringen till Amerika. Man flyttade inte bar på grund av svält och missväxt utan på grund av industrialiseringens usla bostadsvillkor.

Keywords
Egnahemsrörelsen
National Category
Architecture
Research subject
History of Art
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-286561 (URN)
Note

Publicerad 2000-08-20

Available from: 2016-04-21 Created: 2016-04-21 Last updated: 2016-06-27
Wilson, O. (1998). En spansk tiger: Moderna museet och Arkitekturmuseet. Forum för inredning, design & arkitektur (2), 22-39
Open this publication in new window or tab >>En spansk tiger: Moderna museet och Arkitekturmuseet
1998 (Swedish)In: Forum för inredning, design & arkitektur, ISSN 0346-9638, no 2, p. 22-39Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Stockholms nya museibyggnader för modern konst och arkitektur står nu klara på Skeppsholmen. Det gamla Exercishuset, som varit Moderna museets provisoriska adress i 40 år, står kvar intakt. Nya entrén ligger till vänster om denna byggnad, och från den här sidan av museet syns knappt någonting av arkitekten Rafael Moneos skapelser. Man skymtar bara utställningssalarnas karakteristiska lanterniner, som nyfiket sticker upp över taken. Arkitekturen vänder sig istället ut mot vattnet. Man får intryck av att Moneo huggit fram byggnaden direkt ur klippan. En rad av tunga block oregelbundet placerade som om de tappats ner av en stor lyftkran. Jag kommer att tänka på en stenpir i någon sydeuropeisk hamn. De inbundna fasaderna med få, djupt indragna fönster kommer mig att tänka på Gunnar Asplunds slutna och allvarliga Stadsbibliotek. Arkitekturmuseets byggnad, som placerats direkt i anslutning till Moderna museet, har en livligare utformning. Vita funkiskartonger infogade som trappsteg i terrängen. Projektet har pågått under en lång tid och det kan vara lämpligt att göra en kort sammanfattning. Det var 1990 som dåvarande Byggnadsstyrelsen av riksdag och regering fick i uppdrag att formulera ett program för projektet. Samma år utlystes en öppen arkitekttävling med 5 internationella arkitekter inbjudna. Året efter tillkännagavs att den spanske arkitekten Rafael Moneos förslag vunnit. Byggprojektet inleddes 1994 med att dåvarande kulturministern Birgit Friggebo tog det första spadtaget. Invigningsdatumet den 14 februari 1998 råkade bli precis 90 år efter att Svenska Museimannaföreningen för första gången tog upp idén om ett museum för samtida konst.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Avisator förlag, 1998
Keywords
Moderna museet
National Category
Architecture
Research subject
History of Art
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-286577 (URN)
Available from: 2016-04-21 Created: 2016-04-21 Last updated: 2016-06-27
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6218-4966

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