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Alsaody, Seidonorcid.org/0000-0002-0182-6205

Open this publication in new window or tab >>Classification of the Finite-Dimensional Real Division Composition Algebras having a Non-Abelian Derivation Algebra### Alsaody, Seidon

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##### Abstract [en]

##### Keywords

Composition algebras, division algebras, absolute valued algebras, derivation algebras, quasi-descriptions
##### National Category

Mathematics
##### Research subject

Mathematics
##### Identifiers

urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-224093 (URN)10.1016/j.jalgebra.2015.07.025 (DOI)000365826900002 ()
#####

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Available from: 2014-05-03 Created: 2014-05-03 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics, Algebra and Geometry.

We classify the category of finite-dimensional real division composition algebras having a non-abelian Lie algebra of derivations. Our complete and explicit classification is largely achieved by introducing the concept of a quasi-description of a category, and using it to express the problem in terms of normal form problems for certain group actions on products of 3-spheres.

Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Categorical Study of Composition Algebras via Group Actions and Triality### Alsaody, Seidon

PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt184_1_j_idt188_some",{id:"formSmash:j_idt184:1:j_idt188:some",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt184_1_j_idt188_some",multiple:true}); PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt184_1_j_idt188_otherAuthors",{id:"formSmash:j_idt184:1:j_idt188:otherAuthors",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt184_1_j_idt188_otherAuthors",multiple:true}); 2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
##### Abstract [en]

##### Place, publisher, year, edition, pages

Uppsala: Department of Mathematics, 2015. p. 45
##### Series

Uppsala Dissertations in Mathematics, ISSN 1401-2049 ; 88
##### Keywords

Composition algebra, division algebra, absolute valued algebra, triality, groupoid, group action, algebraic group, Lie algebra of derivations, classification.
##### National Category

Mathematics
##### Research subject

Mathematics
##### Identifiers

urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-248519 (URN)978-91-506-2454-0 (ISBN)
##### Public defence

2015-05-21, Polhemsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
##### Opponent

### Elduque, Alberto

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##### Supervisors

### Dieterich, Ernst

### Rubinsztein, Ryszard

Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics, Algebra and Geometry.PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt184_1_j_idt188_j_idt365",{id:"formSmash:j_idt184:1:j_idt188:j_idt365",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt184_1_j_idt188_j_idt365",multiple:true});
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Available from: 2015-04-27 Created: 2015-03-31 Last updated: 2015-04-27

Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics, Algebra and Geometry.

A composition algebra is a non-zero algebra endowed with a strictly non-degenerate, multiplicative quadratic form. Finite-dimensional composition algebras exist only in dimension 1, 2, 4 and 8 and are in general not associative or unital. Over the real numbers, such algebras are division algebras if and only if they are absolute valued, i.e. equipped with a multiplicative norm. The problem of classifying all absolute valued algebras and, more generally, all composition algebras of finite dimension remains unsolved. In dimension eight, this is related to the triality phenomenon. We approach this problem using a categorical language and tools from representation theory and the theory of algebraic groups.

We begin by considering the category of absolute valued algebras of dimension at most four. In Paper I we determine the morphisms of this category completely, and describe their irreducibility and behaviour under the actions of the automorphism groups of the algebras.

We then consider the category of eight-dimensional absolute valued algebras, for which we provide a description in Paper II in terms of a group action involving triality. Then we establish general criteria for subcategories of group action groupoids to be full, and applying this to the present setting, we obtain hitherto unstudied subcategories determined by reflections. The reflection approach is further systematized in Paper III, where we obtain a coproduct decomposition of the category of finite-dimensional absolute valued algebras into blocks, for several of which the classification problem does not involve triality. We study these in detail, reducing the problem to that of certain group actions, which we express geometrically.

In Paper IV, we use representation theory of Lie algebras to completely classify all finite-dimensional absolute valued algebras having a non-abelian derivation algebra. Introducing the notion of quasi-descriptions, we reduce the problem to the study of actions of rotation groups on products of spheres.

We conclude by considering composition algebras over arbitrary fields of characteristic not two in Paper V. We establish an equivalence of categories between the category of eight-dimensional composition algebras with a given quadratic form and a groupoid arising from a group action on certain pairs of outer automorphisms of affine group schemes

Universidad de Zaragoza.

Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics, Algebra and Geometry.

Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Approach to Finite-Dimensional Real Division Composition Algebras through Reflections### Alsaody, Seidon

Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics, Algebra and Geometry.PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt184_2_j_idt188_some",{id:"formSmash:j_idt184:2:j_idt188:some",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt184_2_j_idt188_some",multiple:true}); PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt184_2_j_idt188_otherAuthors",{id:"formSmash:j_idt184:2:j_idt188:otherAuthors",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt184_2_j_idt188_otherAuthors",multiple:true}); 2015 (English)In: Bulletin des Sciences Mathématiques, ISSN 0007-4497, E-ISSN 1952-4773, Vol. 139, no 4, p. 357-399Article in journal (Refereed) Published
##### Abstract [en]

##### Keywords

Composition algebra, division algebra, absolute valued algebra, reflection, G2-subgroup, G2-set
##### National Category

Mathematics
##### Research subject

Mathematics
##### Identifiers

urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-224094 (URN)10.1016/j.bulsci.2014.10.001 (DOI)000356200200001 ()
#####

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Available from: 2014-05-03 Created: 2014-05-03 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

We consider the category of all finite-dimensional real composition algebras which are division algebras. These are precisely the finite-dimensional absolute valued algebras, and exist only in dimension 1, 2, 4 and 8. We construct three decompositions of this category, each determined by the number of reflections composing left and right multiplication by idempotents. As a consequence, we obtain new full subcategories in dimension 8, in which all morphisms are automorphisms of the octonions. This reduces considerable parts of the still open classification problem in dimension 8 to the normal form problem of an action of the automorphism group of the octonions, which is a compact Lie group of type , on pairs of orthogonal maps. We describe these subcategories further in terms of subgroups of and their cosets, which we express geometrically. This extends the study of finite-dimensional real division composition algebras with a one-sided unity.

Open this publication in new window or tab >>Corestricted Group Actions and Eight-Dimensional Absolute Valued Algebras### Alsaody, Seidon

Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics, Algebra and Geometry.PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt184_3_j_idt188_some",{id:"formSmash:j_idt184:3:j_idt188:some",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt184_3_j_idt188_some",multiple:true}); PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt184_3_j_idt188_otherAuthors",{id:"formSmash:j_idt184:3:j_idt188:otherAuthors",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt184_3_j_idt188_otherAuthors",multiple:true}); 2015 (English)In: Journal of Pure and Applied Algebra, ISSN 0022-4049, E-ISSN 1873-1376, Vol. 219, no 5, p. 1519-1547Article in journal (Refereed) Published
##### Abstract [en]

##### National Category

Mathematics
##### Identifiers

urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-247368 (URN)10.1016/j.jpaa.2014.06.014 (DOI)000349427000009 ()
#####

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Available from: 2015-03-20 Created: 2015-03-18 Last updated: 2017-12-04

We define and study the class of left reflection algebras, which is a subclass of eight-dimensional absolute valued algebras. We reduce its classification problem to the problem of finding a transversal for the action of a subgroup of O-7 on O-7 by conjugation. As a basis for this study, we give a general criterion for finding full subcategories of group action categories, which themselves arise from group actions.

Open this publication in new window or tab >>Corestricted Group Actions and Eight-Dimensional Absolute Valued Algebras### Alsaody, Seidon

Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics, Algebra and Geometry.PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt184_4_j_idt188_some",{id:"formSmash:j_idt184:4:j_idt188:some",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt184_4_j_idt188_some",multiple:true}); PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt184_4_j_idt188_otherAuthors",{id:"formSmash:j_idt184:4:j_idt188:otherAuthors",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt184_4_j_idt188_otherAuthors",multiple:true}); 2012 (English)Report (Other academic)
##### Abstract [en]

##### Publisher

p. 28
##### Series

U.U.D.M. report / Uppsala University, Department of Mathematics, ISSN 1101-3591 ; 2012:6
##### National Category

Algebra and Logic
##### Research subject

Mathematics
##### Identifiers

urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-184991 (URN)
#####

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Available from: 2012-11-20 Created: 2012-11-16 Last updated: 2012-11-20Bibliographically approved

A condition for when two eight-dimensional absolute valued algebras are isomorphic was given in [4]. We use this condition to deduce a description (in the sense of Dieterich, [9]) of the category of such algebras, and show how previous descriptions of some full subcategories fit in this description. Led by the structure of these examples, we aim at systematically constructing new subcategories whose classification is manageable. To this end we propose, in greater generality, the definition of sharp stabilizers for group actions, and use these to obtain conditions for when certain subcategories of groupoids are full. This we apply to the category of eight-dimensional absolute valued algebras and obtain a class of subcategories, for which we simplify, and partially solve, the classification problem.

Open this publication in new window or tab >>Connective segmentation generalized to arbitrary complete lattices.### Alsaody, Seidon

### Serra, Jean

PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt184_5_j_idt188_some",{id:"formSmash:j_idt184:5:j_idt188:some",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt184_5_j_idt188_some",multiple:true}); PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt184_5_j_idt188_otherAuthors",{id:"formSmash:j_idt184:5:j_idt188:otherAuthors",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt184_5_j_idt188_otherAuthors",multiple:true}); 2011 (English)In: Mathematical Morphology and Its Applications to Image and Signal Processing: 10th international symposium, ISMM 2011, Verbania-Intra, Italy, July 6–8, 2011. Proceedings, Berlin: Springer , 2011, p. 61-72Chapter in book (Refereed)
##### Abstract [en]

##### Place, publisher, year, edition, pages

Berlin: Springer, 2011
##### Keywords

connective segmentation; complete lattice; partial partition; block-splitting opening; commutative diagram
##### National Category

Mathematics Computer and Information Sciences
##### Identifiers

urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-175152 (URN)10.1007/978-3-642-21569-8_6 (DOI)
#####

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Available from: 2012-06-03 Created: 2012-06-03 Last updated: 2018-01-12

Summary: We begin by defining the setup and the framework of connective segmentation. Then we start from a theorem based on connective criteria, established for the power set of an arbitrary set. As the power set is an example of a complete lattice, we formulate and prove an analogue of the theorem for general complete lattices. Secondly, we consider partial partitions and partial connections. We recall the definitions, and quote a result that gives a characterization of (partial) connections. As a continuation of the work in the first part, we generalize this characterization to complete lattices as well. Finally we link these two approaches by means of a commutative diagram, in two manners.

Open this publication in new window or tab >>Morphisms in the Category of Finite Dimensional Absolute Valued Algebras### Alsaody, Seidon

Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics, Algebra and Geometry.PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt184_6_j_idt188_some",{id:"formSmash:j_idt184:6:j_idt188:some",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt184_6_j_idt188_some",multiple:true}); PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt184_6_j_idt188_otherAuthors",{id:"formSmash:j_idt184:6:j_idt188:otherAuthors",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt184_6_j_idt188_otherAuthors",multiple:true}); 2011 (English)Report (Other academic)
##### Abstract [en]

##### Place, publisher, year, edition, pages

Uppsala: Uppsala University, Department of Mathematics, 2011. p. 23
##### Series

U.U.D.M. report / Uppsala University, Department of Mathematics, ISSN 1101-3591 ; 2011:13
##### National Category

Algebra and Logic
##### Research subject

Mathematics
##### Identifiers

urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-158198 (URN)
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Available from: 2011-10-04 Created: 2011-09-01 Last updated: 2012-02-16Bibliographically approved

This is a study of morphisms in the category of nite dimensional absolute valued algebras, whose codomains have dimension four. We begin by citing and transferring a classication of an equivalent category. Thereafter, we give a complete description of morphisms from one-dimensional algebras, partly via solutions of real polynomials, and a complete, explicit description of morphisms from two-dimensional algebras. We then give an account of the reducibility of the morphisms, and for the morphisms from two-dimensional algebras we describe the orbits under the actions of the automorphism groups involved. Parts of these descriptions rely on a suitable choice of a cross-section of four-dimensional absolute valued algebras, and we thus end by providing an explicit means of transferring these results to algebras outside this crosssection.

Open this publication in new window or tab >>Morphisms in the Category of Finite-Dimensional Absolute Valued Algebras### Alsaody, Seidon

Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics, Algebra and Geometry.PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt184_7_j_idt188_some",{id:"formSmash:j_idt184:7:j_idt188:some",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt184_7_j_idt188_some",multiple:true}); PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt184_7_j_idt188_otherAuthors",{id:"formSmash:j_idt184:7:j_idt188:otherAuthors",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt184_7_j_idt188_otherAuthors",multiple:true}); 2011 (English)In: Colloquium Mathematicum, ISSN 0010-1354, E-ISSN 1730-6302, Vol. 125, no 2, p. 147-174Article in journal (Refereed) Published
##### Abstract [en]

##### Keywords

absolute valued algebra, division algebra, homomorphism, irreducibility, composition
##### National Category

Mathematics
##### Identifiers

urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-172251 (URN)10.4064/cm125-2-2 (DOI)000299619900002 ()
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Available from: 2012-04-04 Created: 2012-04-03 Last updated: 2017-12-07

This is a study of morphisms in the category of finite-dimensional absolute valued algebras whose codomains have dimension four. We begin by citing and transferring a classification of an equivalent category. Thereafter, we give a complete description of morphisms from one-dimensional algebras, partly via solutions of real polynomials, and a complete, explicit description of morphisms from two-dimensional algebras. We then give an account of the reducibility of the morphisms, and for the morphisms from two-dimensional algebras we describe the orbits under the actions of the automorphism groups involved. Parts of these descriptions rely on a suitable choice of a cross-section of four-dimensional absolute valued algebras, and we thus end by providing an explicit means of transferring these results to algebras outside this cross-section.

Open this publication in new window or tab >>Determining the elements of a semigroup### Alsaody, Seidon

PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt184_8_j_idt188_some",{id:"formSmash:j_idt184:8:j_idt188:some",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt184_8_j_idt188_some",multiple:true}); PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt184_8_j_idt188_otherAuthors",{id:"formSmash:j_idt184:8:j_idt188:otherAuthors",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt184_8_j_idt188_otherAuthors",multiple:true}); 2007 (English)Report (Other academic)
##### Publisher

p. 18
##### Series

Uppsala University, Department of Mathematics, Reports, ISSN 1101-3591 ; 2007:3
##### Keywords

Semigroup, Finite semigroups
##### National Category

Mathematics
##### Identifiers

urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-23059 (URN)
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Available from: 2007-01-24 Created: 2007-01-24 Last updated: 2011-10-06Bibliographically approved

Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics, Mathematics I -V.

Open this publication in new window or tab >>Composition Algebras and Outer Automorphisms of Algebraic Groups### Alsaody, Seidon

Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics, Algebra and Geometry.PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt184_9_j_idt188_some",{id:"formSmash:j_idt184:9:j_idt188:some",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt184_9_j_idt188_some",multiple:true}); PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt184_9_j_idt188_otherAuthors",{id:"formSmash:j_idt184:9:j_idt188:otherAuthors",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt184_9_j_idt188_otherAuthors",multiple:true}); (English)Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
##### Abstract [en]

##### Keywords

Composition algebras, algebraic groups, outer automorphisms, triality
##### National Category

Mathematics
##### Identifiers

urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-248499 (URN)
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Available from: 2015-03-30 Created: 2015-03-30 Last updated: 2015-04-07

In this note, we establish an equivalence of categories between the category of all eight-dimensionalcomposition algebras with any given quadratic form over a field of characteristic not two, and a category arising from anaction of the projective similarity group of on certain pairs of automorphisms of the group scheme defined ove . This extends results recently obtained in the same direction for symmetric composition algebras. We also derive known resultson composition algebras from our equivalence.